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2012高二英语单元复习配套课件:Units 1-2(新人教版必修5)


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假设你是李华。你的美国朋友Paul刚到长春三天,对长 春还很不熟悉,请你写一封邮件,对他来长春学习汉语表示 欢迎,并提醒他注意以下事项: 1.明天天气很凉,请他穿暖和的衣服; 2.你明天会在他住处附近的超市门

口等他,和他一起

买菜;
3.超市就在他住的楼下向左走第二个路口处; 4.路上车可能会很多,请他注意交通安全。

5.请他有急事给你打电话。

注意: 1.词数100~120。 2.信的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Hi,Paul, How is everything going?

____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________ Good luck, Li Hua

【参考范文】

Hi, Paul,
How is everything going? Welcome to Changchun. I’m so glad to see that you come

to my city learning Chinese.
Since you have been here for only three days, you may not know well about the city, especially the surroundings you live in. I will be free tomorrow, and I’d like to help you buy some vegetables in the supermarket close to your apartment.

Is it OK if we meet at the entrance to the supermarket? It’s

just at the second crossing on the left side downstairs your
apartment. By the way, it will be a little bit cold tomorrow, so don’t forget to wear some warm clothes. What’s more, the traffic here looks very crazy, so make sure that you pay some more attention to the traffic. Please call me if you have any

problem.
Good luck, Li Hua

1. Mrs. White showed her students some old maps____ from the library.

[2010全国卷Ⅰ,27]
A. to borrow C. borrowed B. to be borrowed D. borrowing

【解析】选C。句意:Mrs. White让她的学生看了一些从图
书馆借来的旧地图。根据句意以及句子结构可知此处需要非 谓语动词作定语修饰前面的some old maps。some old maps 与borrow是被动关系,故排除A、D。根据句意可知borrow 这个动作已被完成,所以选C。过去分词表示被动、完成, 而不定式的被动式表示将来的被动动作。

2. With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some

money out of the bank____ presents for my dad.
[2010全国卷Ⅰ,34] A. buy B. to buy

C. buying

D. to have bought

【解析】选B。此题中不定式作目的状语,说明取钱的目的。 非谓语动词中不定式可以用来表示目的,但-ing形式与过去

分词都不可以用来表示目的。因此选B。

3. Though_____ to see us,the professor gave us a warm welcome.

[2010全国卷Ⅱ,11]
A. surprising C. surprised B . was surprised D. being surprised

【解析】选C。句意:虽然教授看到我们很吃惊,但还是热
烈欢迎我们。Though surprised to see us= Though he was surprised to see us。

4. I’m calling to enquire about the position ____ in yesterday’s China Daily. [2010北京,25] A. advertised B. to be advertised

C. advertising

D. having advertised

【解析】选A。advertise和position之间是动宾关系,即这个 职位在昨天的报纸上被登广告,所以要用被动形式,可排除

C、D两项。B项动词不定式的被动语态表将要被完成的动作,
与yesterday相矛盾。A项过去分词,表被动和完成,符合句 意。

5. In April,

thousands of holidaymakers remained____

abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. [2010福建,34] A. sticking B. stuck

C. to be stuck

D. to have stuck

【解析】选B。句意:因为火山灰云,在四月份,成千上万 的度假者依然滞留在国外。句中remain用作系动词,意思是

“依然,仍然”,stuck是形容词,意思是“被困住的,不能
动的”,与语境相符。

6. So far nobody has claimed the money____ in the library.

[2010湖南,30]
A. discovered C. discovering B. to be discovered D. having discovered

【解析】选A。用过去分词作定语,表示被动和完成。B项 表达的虽是被动但却是将来时间,C、D两项都是主动语态, 故可排除B、C、D。句意为:到目前为止还没有人来认领在 图书馆找到的钱。

7. There were many talented actors out there just waiting _____ . [2010江西,32]

A. to discover
C. discovered

B. to be discovered
D. being discovered

【解析】选B。句意:外面有很多有才华的演员有待被发现。 wait后加不定式作宾语,排除C、 D两项;且discover 与 actors之间是动宾关系, 故用不定式的被动语态。

8. We were astonished____ the temple still in its original condition. [2010辽宁,25]

A. finding
C. find

B. to find
D. to be found

【解析】选B。句意:我们吃惊地发现那座庙仍然还是原来 的状况。在glad, surprised, sorry, angry, happy, astonish 等表情绪变化的形容词后要用不定式表原因,而不用分词, 所以从B、 D中选,find 这个动作是逻辑主语主动发出的, 所以要用不定式的主动形式,故选B。

9. Alexander tried to get his work____ in the medical circles. [2010辽宁,35] A. to recognize C. recognize B. recognizing D. recognized

【解析】选D。句意:亚历山大试图让他的工作在医学圈内 得到认可。宾语work和recognize之间存在被动关系,所以用 过去分词作宾语补足语。

10. The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table
already_____ for a meal to be cooked. [2010山东,29] A. laid C. to lay B. laying D. being laid

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。由句意知:客厅干净、整
洁,一张餐桌已经摆好,分析句子结构可知,此句为with宾 语复合结构,其中lay与a dining table为逻辑上的动宾关系又

从already可排除D,故要用过去分词。

11. _____ from the top of the tower, the south foot of the mountain is a sea of trees.

[2010陕西,16]
A. Seen C. Having seen B. Seeing D. To see

【解析】选A。句意:从塔顶上看,山的南脚下是树的海洋。 由句意可知,此处用分词作状语。一般来说,分词作状语时,

和句子的主语有一定的逻辑关系。这里see 和the south foot
of the mountain是动宾关系,所以要用过去分词作状语。

12. His first book____ next month is based on a true story. [2010陕西,19]

A. published
C. to publish

B. to be published
D. being published

【解析】选B。句意:将于下月出版的他的第一本书是以一 个真实的故事为基础的。这里,非谓语动词作定语,修饰

book。首先动词publish和book之间是动宾关系,所以要用
被动形式,可排除C项。又由题干中的时间状语next month 可知是将要出版的书。A项过去分词表示已经出版,故排除,

D项表示正在出版的,不合句意。只有B项动词不定式的被
动语态表示将要出版的,符合题意。

13. That is the only way we can imagine___ the overuse of
water in students’ bathrooms. [2010上海, 40]

A. reducing
C. reduced

B. to reduce
D. reduce

【解析】选B。句意为:那是我们能想出的减少学生浴室过 度用水的惟一方式。to reduce the overuse of water作the only way的定语,we can imagine是个定语从句,也用来修饰the

only way。

14. A great number of students____ said they were forced to
practise the piano. [2010四川,4]

A. to question
C. questioned

B. to be questioned
D. questioning

【解析】选C。句意为:大量的被询问的学生说他们是被迫 练习钢琴。students与question存在被动关系,而且表示的动 作也已完成,故用过去分词形式。选项B表示将来被动意思;

选项D表示主动含义,均与语境不符。

15. Many buildings in the city need repairing, but the one _____ first is the library. [2010重庆,34] A. repaired C. repairing B. being repaired D. to be repaired

【解析】选D。句意:这个城市的许多大楼需要修理,而先 要被修理的那座大楼是图书馆。repaired是过去分词表被动 和完成;being repaired现在分词的被动语态,表示进行和被

动;repairing是现在分词表主动和正在进行;to be repaired
是动词不定式的被动语态表示将来和被动。根据题干的语境, 选项必须既表被动又表将来,所以D项是正确答案。

16. The children all turned_____ the famous actress as she

entered the classroom.
[2009全国卷Ⅰ,30] A. looked at B. to look at

C. to looking at

D. look at

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词用法。句意为:当这位著名 的女演员进入教室的时候,所有的孩子都转过身来看她。动 词不定式短语to look at the famous actress作目的状语。

17. Now that we’ve discussed our problem, are people happy with the decisions _____? [2009全国卷Ⅰ,35]

A. taking
C. taken

B. take
D. to take

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意为:既然我们已经讨 论了我们的问题,人们对我们所做的决定满意吗?decisions 与take之间是被动关系,故用过去分词形式。

18. For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit _____ on his own farm.

[2009北京,24]
A. grown C. to be grown B. being grown D. to grow

【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。句意为:早餐他只喝种在
自家农场的新鲜水果榨出来的果汁。fruit与grow为被动关系, 排除选项D。being grown表正在进行的动作;to be grown表 将来;均不符合语境。

19. All of them try to use the power of the workstation _____ information in a more effective way. [2009北京,28] A. presenting C. being presented B. presented D. to present

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意为:他们都尽力使用 工作站的力量来更加有效地呈现信息。根据句意可知,此处

应用不定式作目的状语,故选D。A项强调动作的进行,B项
表示被动或完成,C项表示被动进行, 均不符合语境。

1. —Can those_____ at the back of the classroom hear me? —No problem.

[2011长春模拟]
A. seat B. sit C. seated D. seating

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。句意为:——那些坐在教

室后面的人能听见我的话吗?——没问题。seat与sit用作定
语修饰those的非谓语形式分别是seated和sitting,因此答案 选C。

2. _____ in her most beautiful skirt, the girl tried to make herself______ at the party.

[2011郑州模拟]
A. Dressed; noticed C. Dressed; noticing B. Dressing; noticed D. Dressing; being noticing

【解析】选A。(be) dressed in穿着……;make oneself done
使某人被……。句中Dressed in her most beautiful skirt作伴 随状语;noticed作herself的宾语补足语。

3.______ for his expert advice, John is often asked to help others with their personal affairs. [2011北京模拟] A. Having known B. Being known

C. Known

D. Knowing

【解析】选C。考查过去分词。句意为:由于他的内行的建 议 而 出 名 , John 常 常 被 要 求 来 帮 助 别 人 解 决 个 人 事 情 。 John与know之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,用过去分词作状语, 排除A、D两项;又因为B项强调动作的正在被执行,与题意 不符,故答案选C。

4.______ fit, we ought to learn more about our body and be careful with what we eat.

A. Keeping
C. Having kept

B. To keep
D. To have kept

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意为:为了保持健康, 我们应该更多地了解我们的身体,对于所吃的食物应该更加 当心。作目的状语的非谓语形式是动词不定式,且不强调动 作的完成,故答案选B。

5. We finally managed to make the customers____ of the

quality of the vehicle.
A. to convince C. convince B. convincing D. convinced

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意为:我们最终设法使 顾客相信了车辆的质量。“make sb. +宾补”表示“使某 人 ……” , convinced 表 示 “ 感 到 信 服 的 / 确 信 的 ” , 而 convincing表示“令人信服的/确信的”,故答案选D不选B。

6. We tried hard,and eventually,we were able to get Mike _____ us his car just for a day. A. lending C. to lend B. lend D. lent

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词作补语。句意为:我们努力

争取,最终能够让迈克把他的车子借给我们一天。get sb. to
do sth. 让/使某人做某事,符合题意。

7. When_____ about one of the biggest concerns today, many people mention the sharp rise in prices. A. asking C. having asked B. to ask D. asked

【解析】选D。考查“连词+分词”结构。句意为:当被问到 当前最大的关注点之一时,很多人提到了物价的快速上涨。

句子主语many people与ask之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,用过
去分词作宾补,答案选D。

8. We drove to the airport to meet an expert from Germany,
about 50 years old, his hair______. A. was completely grey C. to be completely grey B. be completely grey D. completely grey

【解析】选D。考查独立主格结构。句意为:我们开车去机 场迎接来自德国的一个专家,他大约50多岁,头发全白了。 his hair_______与前边的句子之间没有连词且逻辑主语不一 致,可知应是独立主格结构,排除A项;B、C两项形式不正

确;故答案选D。

9. Every year, Tom remembers to have some flowers_____ to

his mother on her birthday.
A. send C. sending B. sent D. being sent

【解析】选B。考查过去分词。句意为:每年汤姆都记得在 他妈妈生日这天给她送一些花。have sth. done意为“使某事

被做”,符合题意。

10. The road_____ for vehicles is under repair. Drivers are required to take some other routes.

A. meaning
C. to mean

B. meant
D. being meant

【解析】选B。考查过去分词。句意为:打算用于车辆通行 的这条路在修理中。司机被要求走其他的路线。此处是过去 分词作后置定语,相当于which is meant for vehicles,be meant for意为“打算做……用”。

11. ______ on May Day, the Shanghai Expo has attracted tens of thousands of visitors around the world every day. A. Having opened B. Opened

C. Opening

D. To open

【解析】选B。句意为:五月一日开幕,每天上海世博会都 吸引了来自全世界成千上万的人来参观。the Shanghai Expo 与open之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用过去分词作状语表示 被动。

12. The old professor told us that every part of the materials should be made use of_____ the station.

A. building
C. build

B. to build
D. being built

【解析】选B。句意为:老教授告诉我们应该利用这些材料 的每一部分来建车站。动词不定式作状语表示make use of every part of the materials的目的。

13. _____ five minutes____ , we arrived at the railway station with our heavy luggage.

A. There were; to go
C. It was; left

B. It had; left
D. With; to go

【解析】选D。考查with的复合结构。句意为:尽管剩下五

分钟,我们还是带着沉重的行李赶到了火车站。

14. She hurried to her office by taxi, only_____ that the key
had been left at home. [2011银川模拟]

A. finding

B. found

C. to find

D. find

【解析】选C。句意为:她匆匆忙忙乘出租车赶到办公室, 结果却发现办公室的钥匙忘在家里了。only+不定式表示出 乎意料的结果。

15. Though_____ of the danger, he still went skating on the thin ice.

A. warning

B. to warn

C. warn

D. warned

【解析】选D。句意为:尽管被警告要当心危险,他仍然在 薄冰上滑冰。he与warn之间是被动关系,故用过去分词表示

被动,作让步状语。

16. Though she said she was not lonely, she wanted to find a
friend_____ her happiness and sorrow. A. with whom to share B. to share

C. to share with

D. who to share

【解析】选A。句意为:尽管她说她不孤独,她还是想找一 个 能 与 其 同 甘 共 苦 的 朋 友 。 with whom to share her happiness and sorrow作friend的定语,相当于定语从句: with whom she can share her happiness and sorrow。

17. Schools across China are expected to hire 50, 000 college graduates this year as short-term teachers, times the number hired last year, almost three _____ reduce

unemployment pressures.

[2011沈阳模拟]
A. help C. to help B. to have helped D. having helped

【解析】选C。句意为:今年中国各地的学校被期望雇用 50 000名大学毕业生做短期教师来帮助减少失业的压力,这 个数字几乎是去年受雇人数的三倍。动词不定式在句中作目 的状语,帮助这个动作与hire几乎是同时发生,且都是被期

望的,故用动词不定式的一般形式。

18. With so many children_____ round the table, the food

disappeared_____.
[2011三亚模拟] A. seating; at no time C. seated; at no time B. seated; in no time D. seating; in no time

【解析】选B。考查with的复合结构和短语辨析。句意为: 有这么多孩子围着桌子坐着,食物很快不见了。逗号前为 “with+宾语+宾补”结构且少宾补,seat作宾补,表示状态 时用seated而不用seating。at no time决不,从不;in no time

立刻,马上。根据句意可知答案选B。

19. The computer program is a puzzle to me. The more I think of it, the more questions I think of______. A. ask B. asked

C. being asked

D. to ask

【解析】选D。句意为:电脑程序对我来说是个谜。我考虑 得 越 多 , 想 到 的 要 问 的 问 题 就 越 多 。 to ask 作 定 语 修 饰 questions,表示“要问的问题”且强调动作将要发生。

20. All her time ______ experiments, she has no time for films.

A. devoted to do
C. devoting to doing

B. devoted to doing
D. is devoted to doing

【解析】选B。考查独立主格结构。句意为:她所有时间都 致力于做实验,没有时间看电影。all her time与devote之间 构成被动关系, 即devote all her time to doing experiments, 其 中的to为介词,故答案为B。

(21~28题为教师用书独具) 21. Most students in our class prefer taking pains in our

studies to______ with a better education.
A. equip C. be equipped B. equipping D. being equipped

【解析】选C。考查非谓语动词。take pains to do sth. 尽力 做某事。equip和most students构成逻辑上的动宾关系,故用 不定式的被动结构作目的状语。

22. When he came back three hours later, they were still sitting on the sofa, ______ in conversation.

A. absorbing
C. to absorb

B. absorbed
D. to be absorbed

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。be absorbed in专心致志于, 全神贯注于。

23. To our great surprise, the painting______ should have won the prize.

A. considered being copied
B. considering to be copied C. considering having been copied

D. considered to have been copied
【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意为:令我们非常吃惊 的是,这幅被认为是临摹的画作竟然获了奖。the painting与 consider之间为被动关系,故用过去分词作后置定语;且 copy这一动作发生在consider之前,故选D。

24. The little girl showed no anxiety before the competition.

She seemed______ it pretty well.
A. to prepare C. having prepared B. preparing D. to have prepared

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。句意为:比赛前,小女孩 没有显示出丝毫焦虑。她好像已经准备得相当好了。seem后 跟不定式,而且不定式动作已经发生,故用不定式的完成式。

25._____ to a university in the UK, international students must display a strong ability in spoken and written English. A. Having been admitted C. Being admitted B. To be admitted D. Admitted

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。此处用不定式作目的状语。

26. Most students expect______ more review classes before the exams. A. it to be C. that to be B. there to be D. to be

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。句意:在考试之前,大多
数学生期待有更多的复习课。动词expect后通常接动词不定 式作宾语或接复合宾语。因此表示“期待有某种情况”用

“expect there to be sth. ”结构。

27. I can’t see my old grandparents_____ alone in the country, so I’ll have them______ with me in the city at present. A. leave; stay B. left; stay

C. leaving; to stay

D. left; to stay

【解析】选B。考查非谓语动词。第一空为过去分词作宾语 补足语;第二空构成have sb. do sth. 结构,表示“让某人做

某事”。

28. Most of us have already known the problems_____ at the meeting which will be held tomorrow afternoon. A. to discuss B. being discussed

C. discussed

D. to be discussed

【解析】选D。考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知空格处 应 作 the problems 的 定 语 , 另 由 句 中 时 间 状 语 tomorrow afternoon 可 知 应 用 不 定 式 结 构 表 示 将 来 的 动 作 。 the problems与discuss之间为被动关系,故应用被动结构,综合 可知应选D项。


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