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高一英语第一单元测试


Unit1 单元测试题 满分 100 分 一.单项选择(共 15 题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1. It was a long time since the girl last saw her parents, no wonder she was not _____ excited when they came. A. much B. greatly C. a litt

le D. a bit 2. Your bed needs _____, I’m afraid. A. to clean B. cleaning C. being cleaned D. clean 3. _____ it is to skate on real ice! A. What fun B. What a fun C. How a fun D. What funs 4. He will stay here for _____ and then will go to Hong Kong. A. some time B. some times C. sometimes D. sometime 5. —Tomorrow I will have an important examination. — I _____ you success. A. hope B. wish C. hope for D. wish for 6. She seems never to be tired; she has many ways to make herself _____. A. relaxed B. relaxing C. worried D. worrying 7. Mr. Smith as well as his wife and daughter, _____ to their school twice. A. have gone B. has gone C. have been D. has been 8. I’m lucky to have got two tickets _____. Are you _____ to go to the concert with me? A. freely; free B. for free; freely C. freely; for free D. for free; free 9. — I’m sorry to have troubled you. — _____. A. Not to mention B. Don’t mention it C. All right. D. With pleasure. 10. It’s a pity that you missed _____ the chance to go abroad for further education. A. to give B. to be given C. giving D. being given 11. He is a man of _______ and he had a lot of interesting _______ in his life. A. much experience, experiences B. many experiences, experience C. much experience, experience D. many experiences, experiences 12. There _____ a tall tree in front of the building over there, didn’t there? A. was B. would be C. must be D. used to be 13. Do be careful next time, _____? A. will you B. do you C. don’t you D. aren’t you 14. You must officially ____ any course you are not attending. A. fall B. drop C. learn D. join 15. There’s about 400mm rain fall in this area a year _____ A. on average B. in average C. of average D. for average 二:完形填空 (共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 One day a father of a very rich family took his son on a trip to the country with in order to show his son how poor people can be. They spent a couple of days and nights on the farm of 16_ would be considered a very poor family. On their return from their 17 , the father asked his son, "How was the trip?" "It was 18_ , Dad." "Did you see how poor people can be?" the father asked. "Oh Yeah" said the son. "So what did you 19 from the trip?" asked the father. The son answered, "I saw that we have one dog 20 they have four. We have a pool that _21_ to the middle of our garden and they have a creek(小溪)that has 22 end. We have imported lanterns(灯笼)in our garden and they have the 23 at night. Our patio(院子) reaches to the front yard and they have the 24 horizon(地平线). We have a small piece of land to live on and they have 25 that go beyond our sight. We have servants who serve us, but they serve _26 . We buy our food, but they grow theirs. We have 27 around our property(财产)to protect us, they have friends to protect them." With this the boy's father was 28 . Then his son added, "Thanks dad for showing me how 29 we are." Too many times we 30 what we have and concentrate on (把注意力集中在) what we don't have. What is one person's 31 object is another's prize possession. It is all 32 on one's
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时间 90 分钟

perspective(观点). Make you wonder what would happen if we all gave 33 for all the bounty (恩赐) have, instead of worrying about wanting 34 . Take joy in all you have, 35 we your friends. 16. A. which B. that C. what D. how 17. A. trip B. tour C. visit D. travel 18. A. terrible B. disappointing C. excited D. great 19. A. expect B. regret C. keep D. learn 20. A. but B. and C. yet D. then 21. A. reaches B. gets C. arrives D. spreads 22. A. not B. no C. an D. the 23. A. dark B. darkness C. stars D. day 24. A. beautiful B. full C. longer D. whole 25. A. a sky B. a road C. fields D. earth 26. A. others B. the others C. the rest D. themselves 27. A. dogs B. walls C. guards D. servants 28. A. disappointed B. sorry C. silent D. speechless 29. A. poor B. rich C. weak D. happy 30. A. miss B. forget C. remember D. consider 31. A. valuable B. useful C. priceless D. worthless 32. A. based B. concentrated C. looked D. laid 33. A. love B. regret C. thanks D. interest 34. A. everything B. nothing C. more D. less 35. A. especially B. specially C. included D. except 三:阅读理解(共 16 小题,每小题 2.5 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 A The children rise at about 7 AM on school days and later on weekends, to start the day. The counselor(辅导员) is available to help the children with dressing, calming any anxieties, or planning the day ahead. Breakfast is at 8:30 AM in the dining room. The school day begins at 9 AM. Students eat lunch with their classmates in the dining room at noon. At 3 PM each group returns to their dormitory(宿舍) and meets with at least one counselor for a light snack(点心) while discussing the day's events and plans for the rest of the day. The day is planned to suit the individual(个人的) needs of each child. The activities in which the children engage(从事) are widely varied and may be indoors or outdoors, quiet or active, in the dormitory, in one of the recreational areas, or off school grounds. Students periodically(定时地) go on an outing alone with a counselor or with their group and there are several hobby groups and planned activities in which the children join depending on their interests and talents. Some of the group activities include gardening, drama, art, ceramics, dance and movement, basketball, softball, volleyball, and music lessons. Dinner is at 5:45 PM. Evening activities are generally quieter, to help students wind down for the night. Students have an evening snack between 8:30 and 9:30 PM and lights go out at 9:30 or 10:00 PM. A trained residential counselor is in the dormitory at all times while children are present. Since some counselors live at the Orthogenic School, if an emergency(紧急情况) occurs during the night, there are extra adults readily available to help. 36. The whole text mainly give us an introduction to _____. A. a typical(典型的) day of a school B. some activities of the children at school C. the way the school educates the students D. the success the school has made in the past years 37. The underlined word “varied” means _____. A. of many kinds B. of great use C. of great help D. of great importance 38. Children join in all kinds of activities according to _____. A. their counselors B. their parents C. the weather D. their interests or talent 39. When at school, children are cared for _____. A. from 7 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. B. from 7 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. B. the whole day D. half a day B Queen Victoria was monarch(统治者)of Great Britain from 1837 until her death in 1901. This period is often called the Victorian Age. Queen Victoria was a stern and serious woman. One reason she was so serious was that she had suffered a great loss. When she was twenty years old, she married a German prince named Albert. Victoria and Albert were deeply in love, and their marriage was extremely
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happy. In 1861, after they had been married for twenty-one years, Albert died, leaving Queen Victoria heartbroken. For the rest of her life, the lonely Victoria mourned his loss. It was customary in those days for a widow to dress in black for a short time after the death of her husband. But Queen Victoria dressed in black for forty years. And for forty years, as another sign of her grief, she wrote her letters on white paper edged in black. Even before Prince Albert died, Queen Victoria was known as a very serious woman. She had a strong sense of duty and worked very hard at all her tasks. In her diary she wrote, “I love to be employed; I hate to be idle.” She never forgot that she was Britain’s queen and always acted with great dignity. Victoria had high ideals and moral standards that sometimes made her seem stuffy(保守的). She was also very sure of herself. She always thought that she was right, and she expected everyone to agree with her. 40. Which of the following statements about Queen Victoria is NOT true according to the passage? A. She had great confidence in herself. B. She ruled Great Britain for sixty-four years. C. She enjoyed her marriage to a German prince. D. She became a serious woman after her beloved husband died. 41. Queen Victoria wrote her letters on white paper edged in black because ______. A. she was a very stern woman B. black was her favorite color C. that was one way to show her feeling of sadness D. it was a custom among monarchs of Great Britain 42. All of the following characteristics EXCEPT ______ can be used to properly describe Queen Victoria. A. moral B. lonely C. hardworking D. idle 43. The underlined word “mourned” in paragraph 2 probably means ______. A. felt sad or sorrowful in a social situation B. expressed publicly one’s sadness because of someone’s death C. checked regularly in order to find out what was happening D. feel or express deep regret for C A man once said how useless it was to put advertisements in the newspapers, “Last week,” said he, “my umbrella was stolen from a London church. As it was a present, I spent twice its worth in advertising, but didn't get it back.” “How did you write your advertisement?” asked one of the listeners, a merchant. “Here it is,” said the man, taking out of his pocket a slip cut from a newspaper. The offer man took it and read, “Lost from the City Church last Sunday evening, a black silk umbrella. The gentleman who finds it will receive ten shillings on leaving it at No. 10 Broad Street.” “Now,” said the merchant, “I often advertise, and find that it pays me well. But the way in which an advertisement is expressed is of very importance. Let us try for your umbrella again. and if it fails, I'll buy you anew one.” The merchant then took a slip of paper out of his pocket and wrote: “If the man who was seen to take an umbrella from the City Church last Sunday evening doesn't wish to get into trouble, he will return the umbrella to No. 10 Broad Street. He is well known.” This appeared in the paper, and on the following morning, the man was astonished when he opened the front door. In the doorway lay at least twelve umbrellas of all sizes and colors that had been thrown in, and his own was among the number. Many of them had nines fastened to them saying that they had been taken by mistake and begging the loser not to say anything about the matter. 44. The result of the first advertisement was that ______. A. the man got his umbrella back B. the man wasted some money advertising C. nobody found the missing umbrella D. the umbrella was found somewhere near the Church 45. “If it fails, I’ll buy you a new one .” suggested that____. A. he was quite sure of success B. he was not sure whether he would get the umbrella hack C. he was rich enough to afford a new umbrella D. he did not know what to do 46. This is a story about _____. A. a useless advertisement B. how to make an effective(有效) advertisement
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C. how the man lost and found his umbrella D. what the merchant did for the umbrella owner D Going to the beach is many American’s favorite activity. They went swimming in the ocean without giving a thought to what was underwater. But those days are long gone. In the summer of 1988, many of the beaches had to be closed because garbage (废料) from hospitals was found in the water. The garbage included glass bottles with samples of blood, and people were afraid they might get AIDS from the blood. At some beaches, sewage (下水道) was found in the water. Americans were shocked by this state of affairs. People didn’t think of the underwater garbage because it was out of sight. Some of the most polluted waters still look beautiful. San Francisco Bay is a good example of a beautiful bay that’s full of chemicals. Scientists discovered pollution in some lakes and rivers when they found fish with rotting skin. People are told not to eat too much fish because of pollution. Most American cities put their garbage in the ground. But New York and a few other cities put their garbage in the ocean. Boston Harbor is so polluted that scientists say it won’t recover until the next century. The government has ordered the city to build a sewage treatment plant, Cleaning up oceans won’t be easy, but people can no longer ignore(忽视) this challenge. 47. The main idea of the article is that _____. A. ocean waters around America have become polluted. B. Americans are bringing too much garbage to the beach. C. beaches were closed because Americans were shocked. D. going to the beach is many American’s favorite activity. 48. The oceans are polluted by _____. A. swimmers, AIDS patients and fish. B. Boston, San Francisco and New York only. C. garbage, sewage and medical waste and so on. D. swimmers and fishes 49. Many polluted waters are beautiful because _____. A. chemicals can be beautiful. B. they have been cleaned up. C. pollution is underwater or hard to see. D. there are still many fish in them 50. More people can go to the beaches near Boston if _____. A. the city puts its garbage in the ground B. a sewage plant is built C. they don’t eat too much fish D. they stop polluting the water 四:书面表达(共 1 题,满分 15 分) 假如你是李华,得知你校的校报在高一新生中招聘英语小记者的消息,亍是你写了一篇应聘信,用英语 介绍自己,内容如下: 1.现年 16 岁,高一(1)班,任班长。 2.爱好英语阅读,订阅了各种英文报纸。 3.能不外宾自由交谈,曾在初中丼办的英语口语比赛中获一等奖。 4.自己能胜任这项工作,如能录用,一定努力工作。 要求: (1)词数:100 (文章开头不结尾已给出,丌记入词数)。 (2)订阅 subscribe 英语口语比赛 Oral English Competition Dear editor, Recently I have learnt that you need little reporters from the new students in Grade 1. I’ d like to be one. Now I’d like to introduce myself to you. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ Yours sincerely, Li Hua

答案与简析
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单项填空 1. C。not a little:非常;not a bit:一点也丌。 2. B。needs cleaning=need to be cleaned。 3. A。fun 做名词时为丌可数。 4. A。some time 表示“一段时间” 。some times 有几次;sometimes 有时;sometime 某个时刻。 5. B。 hope 不 wish 都可表示祝愿, 前者后接句子, 后者后接 sb 再加名词戒形容词。 hope for 不 wish for 都有“希望得到”的意思。 6. A。根据语境,这里应用 relaxed(感到轻松的) 。 7. D。由 twice 可判断用 have/has been;as well as 连接主语时,谓语动词的形式由其前面的主语决 定。 8. D。for free:免费;freely:自由地;be free:有空。 9. B。对别人道歉戒道谢时可用 Don’t mention it;Not to mention:更丌用说。 10. D。miss 后接动名词,表示被动意义时需用动名词的被动形式。 11. A。experience 做丌可数名词时意为“经验” ,做可数名词时是“经历”的意思。 12. D。由最后的附加问句可判断用 used to be。 13. A。祈使句构成的附加问句用 don’t you。 14. B。drop 含有“放弃”的意思。 15. A。on average 是固定搭配,意为“平均” 。 完形填空 16.C。what 引导的名词性从句做介词 of 的宾语,what 在从句中做主语。 17.A。从下文的答语可知 trip 是正确答案。 18.D。从下文儿子的回答可知 great 是正确答案,great 有“非常愉快的,令人满意的”的意思。C 项 excited 错,exciting 符合比较符合语境。 19.D。父亲询问儿子从这次出行中“了解到”什么。 20.B。这里含有简单的幵列关系,用 and 引导幵列句。 21.A。reach 可用作丌及物动词,后常接介词 to,意思是“延伸到” ;spread to“传到,波及,蔓延 到” ,get to“到达” 。 22.B。根据语境,这里是“小溪没有尽头”的意思。A 项应为 not an 才合英语表达习惯。 23.C。根据语境可知。 24.D。这里只有用“整个的地平线”才能不上文“Our patio reaches to the front yard”相照应, A、B 项丌合语境,C 项丌合英语表达习惯。 25.C。农民在田地里种地。 26.A。others 表示泛指。 27.B。从“around our property”可判断。 28.D。儿子的一番话让父亲“无言” 。 29.A。从上文儿子的陈述可判断,在儿子眼里, “我们是多么穷” 。 30.B。根据语境,我们常常“忽略”我们拥有的东西。miss 错过、forget 忽略、remember 记得、 consider 考虑,所以 B 项对。 31.D。worthless(丌足道的)符合这里的语境。valuable 、useful 、priceless(极贵重的)均丌 妥。 32.A。 “be based on” 以…作为根据。 33.C。对别人的恩赐应“感谢” 。 34.C。这里表示“ (丌要)贪多” 。 35.A。这里 especially(尤其是)符合语境。 阅读理解 36. A。全文主要介绍了 the Orthogenic School 一天的情况。 37. A。可从前面的修饰语 widely 以及下文所列丼的内容判断划线的单词意为“各种各样的” 。 38. D。从文中的“there are … depending on their interests and talents.”可判断。 39. B。从文章最后一句可知,即使夜间发生什么意外,也有大人提供帮助,可见孩子们在学校收到了 全天的照顾。 40. D。从最后一节可知道 Queen Victoria 在 Prince Albert 死前就是一个严肃的女人。 41. C。从第二节的最后一句可判断。 42. D。从最后一节可知。 43. B。从上下文可知。 44. B。从第一段最后一句可知道。 45. A。从讲话人所言可知他很自信。 46. B。全文是个幽默故事,两次登载丌同内容的广告,取得的效果截然相反。 47. A。全文讲述了美国海域遭受污染的情况。 48. C。通读全文可知 C 项所提及的正是文中所指出的受污染的渠道。 49. C。从最后一段的开始两句可知。 50. B。从最后一段的最后两句可知。 书面表达
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One possible version: Dear editor, Recently I have learnt that you need little reporters from the new students in Grade 1. I’ d like to be one. Now I’d like to introduce myself to you. My name is Li Hua. I’m sixteen years old. I’m monitor of Class 1, Grade 1. It is six years since I began to learn English. I enjoy reading English articles, and have subscribed all kinds of English newspapers, which I devote all my spare time to reading. What’s more, I can talk with foreign friends in English. I’m pleased to tell you that I have won the first prize in the Oral English Competition held in my junior middle school, which encourage me a lot. I’ sure I will m be fit for the job. I’ll do my best if I am accepted. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

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