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2014届高三外研版英语二轮复习语篇与写作训练课件 13


英语

外研版

Test 13

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Ⅰ.完形填空

语篇·微写作强化练

Romance does not have to fizzle out( 失败) in longterm relationships and progress into a compan

ionship/friendshiptype love,a new study has found.Romantic love can last a lifetime and lead to happier,healthier 1 .
1.A.scholarships B.friendships C.relationships D. companionships

浪漫爱情可以持续一生,并且通 往更幸福、更健康的关系 (relationship)。

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“Many believe that

语篇·微写作强化练
2 love is the same as passionate( 多情

的) love,” said lead researcher Bianca P.Acevedo,PhD,then at Stony Brook University (currently at University of California , Santa Barbara).“It isn’t.Romantic love has the intensity , engagement and sexual chemistry that passionate love has ,minus the obsessive component(过度成分).Passionate or obsessive love includes 3 of uncertainty and anxiety.This kind of love 4 drive the shorter relationships but not the longer ones.” 2.A.obsessive
B.romantic C.passionate D.companion

很多人以为浪漫 (romantic) 之爱 和激情之爱是一回事,全文说的 主体就是浪漫爱情。

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语篇·微写作强化练

3.A.feelings B.factors C.consequences D.barriers

激情的或者强迫性的爱情包含了不 确定和焦虑的感觉(feelings)。

4.A.contributes B.helps C.prevents D.speeds

这种爱情有助于 (helps) 驱动的 是短期关系而不是长期关系。

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语篇·微写作强化练

These findings

5

in the March issue of Review of General

Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association.

5.A.occur B.take C.write D.appear

这些研究结果刊登(也就是出现 appear) 在美国心理学会出版的《普通心理学 评论》三月号上。

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语篇·微写作强化练

Acevedo and coresearcher Arthur Aron , PhD, reviewed 25 studies with 6,070 individuals in short-and longterm relationships to 6 whether romantic love is associated with more satisfaction.To determine this ,they 7 the relationships in each of the studies as romantic , passionate (romantic with obsession) or friendshiplike love and categorized them as longor shortterm. 6.A.find out
B.work out C.take out D.bring out

以检验(find out)浪漫爱情是否与更 高的满意度相联系。

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语篇·微写作强化练

7.A.separated B.classified C.divided D.cut

为了证实这一点, 他们把每项研 究中的爱情关系归类 (classified) 为浪漫的、激情的 (浪漫加上强 迫成分 )和友谊式的,再分为长 期和短期关系两类。

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语篇·微写作强化练

The researchers looked at 17 shortterm relationship studies,which included 18to 23yearold college students who were 8 , dating or married , with the average relationship lasting less than four years.They also 9 at 10 longterm 10 included relationship studies including middleaged couples who were typically married 10 years or more.Two of the both long-and shortterm relationships in which it was possible to distinguish the two samples. 8.A.alone 其研究对象包括 18~23 岁的 B.lonely 单身(single)、恋爱中或已婚的 C.single 大学生。 D.unique

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9.A.glanced B.glared C.stared D.looked

语篇·微写作强化练
他们还看了 (looked)10 个对于长期关系 的研究,其对象包括结婚 10 年或更久的 中 年 夫 妇 。 匆 匆 一 看 (glanced) , 瞪 眼 (glared),目不转睛地看(stared),这三个 词都与 at 搭配,但是表示的意思都带有 感情色彩,也不符合语意。

10.A.findings B.examinations C.experiments D.studies

其中两个研究(studies)同时包括了短 期和长期关系, 这两组样本是区分开 来的。

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语篇·微写作强化练

The review found that those who reported greater romantic love were more 11 in both the short-and longterm relationships. Companionlike love was only moderately 12 with satisfaction in both short-and longterm relationships.And those who reported greater passionate love in their relationships were more satisfyed in the short term
11.A.unpleased B.disappointed C.satisfied D.desperate

13 to the long term.

那些报告出更多浪漫成分的 人都对自己的爱情关系更满 意 (satisfied) ,而不是不高兴 (unpleased), 失望(disappointed) 和绝望(desperate)。

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语篇·微写作强化练

12.A.referred B.associated C.contended D.conflicted

在短期和长期关系中,伙伴式的 爱情都只有中等程度的和满意度 相关(associated)。

13.A.compared B.comparing C.added D.led

而那些报告出较多激情成分的人 在短期关系中比(比较和比较的对 象之间是被动关系,故用过去分 词 compared)在长期关系中满意度 更高。

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语篇·微写作强化练

Couples who reported more satisfaction in their relationships also selfesteem.
14.A.reported B.said C.believed D.hoped
对爱情关系满意度较高的夫妇或恋 人同时也报告(reported)出较强的幸 福感和较高的自尊。

14 being happier and having higher

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语篇·微写作强化练
15 for a good

Feeling that a partner is “there for you”

relationship,Acevedo said,and facilitates(促进) feelings of romantic love.On the other hand,“feelings of insecurity are generally associated with 16 satisfaction,and in some 17 may spark conflict in the relationship.This can manifest(表白) into obsessive love,” she said.
15.A.takes B.makes C.means D.depends
感觉伴侣 “ 与你同在 ”有助于 (make for)建立良好的爱情关系。

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16.A.higher B.lower C.no D.much

语篇·微写作强化练

不安全感通常伴随着较 低的(lower)满意度。

17.A.environments B.states C.air D.cases

有时 ( 就是有些情况下 in some cases) 还会导致爱情 中的冲突。

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语篇·微写作强化练

This discovery may change people ’s 18 of what they want in longterm relationships.According to the authors , companionship love , which is what many couples see as the natural 19 of a successful relationship ,may be an unnecessary compromise(妥协).“Couples should strive for love with all the trimmings(修剪),” Acevedo said.“And couples who’ve been together a long time and wish to get back their romantic edge should know it is an attainable( 可达到的) goal that,like most good things in life, 20 energy and devotion.”

18.A.views B.expectations C.remarks D.statements

这个发现或许会改变人们对长期关系 的一般预期(expectations)。观点(views) 看上去对, 但是这儿不强调人们对爱情 的认识, 而是能在多大程度上让自己满 意,这就是期望或预期,更不是评论 (remarks)和陈述(statements)。

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语篇·微写作强化练

19.A.progression B.change C.results D.choice

研究者称,虽然伙伴式的爱情在很多 夫妇看来是成功爱情关系的自然发 展 (progression) 阶段,但它实际上可 能是一种不必要的妥协。

20.A.produces B.satisfies C.requires D.consumes

它 需 要 (requires) 投 入精力才能达成。

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语篇·微写作强化练

Ⅱ.阅读理解 The number of speakers of English in Shakespeare ’s time is estimated to have been about five million.Today it is estimated that some 260 million people speak it as a native language, mainly in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland,South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.In addition to the standard varieties of English found in these areas,there are a great many regional and social varieties of the language as well as various levels of usage that are employed both in its spoken and written forms.

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语篇·微写作强化练

In fact, it is impossible to estimate the number of people in the world who have acquired an adequate working knowledge of English in addition to their own languages.The purpose for English learning and the situations in which such learning takes place are so varied that it is difficult to explain and still more difficult to judge what forms an adequate working knowledge for each situation.

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语篇·微写作强化练

The main reason for the widespread demand for English is its presentday importance as a world language.Besides serving the indefinite needs of its native speakers ,English is a language in which some of important works in science , technology , and other fields are being produced , and not always by native speakers.It is widely used for such purposes as meteorological and airport communications,international conferences,and the spread of information over the radio and television networks of many nations.It is a language of wider

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语篇·微写作强化练

communication for a number of developing countries , especially former British colonies.Many of these countries have multilingual populations and need a language for internal communication in such matters as government ,commerce, industry , law and education as well as for international communication and for entrance to the scientific and technological developments in the West.

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语篇·微写作强化练

1.What would be the best title for this passage? A . The Difficulties of Learning English B.International Communications C.The Standard Varieties of English D.English as a World Language

标题归纳题。根据第三 段第一句及全文的内 容:英语在各个国家的 各个领域的应用,可推 知此题的答案为 D 项。

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语篇·微写作强化练

2.Which of the following statements is NOT true? A.Some 260 million people in the world have an adequate working knowledge 细节理解题。根据 of English. B.There are some 260 million native 文章第一段的第二 speakers of English in the world. 句及第二段的第一 C.It is almost impossible to estimate 句的描述可推知此 the number of people with an ade题的答案为 A 项。 quate working knowledge of English. D.People learn English for a variety of reasons.

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语篇·微写作强化练

3. According to the passage, what is the main reason for the widespread use of English? A.It was popular during Shakespeare’s time. B.It is used in former British colonies. C.It serves the needs of its native speakers. D.It is a world language that is used for international communication.

推理判断题。 根据文 章最后一段的描述, 英语在世界不同领 域、不同的地区使 用, 可推知此题的答 案为 D 项。

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语篇·微写作强化练

4.What forms an adequate working knowledge of English? A.The ability to read a newspaper. B.It is difficult to judge because it differs for each situation. C.Being a multilingual. D.Being a native speaker.

细节理解题。根据文章第 二段最后一句可推知 此 题答案为 B 项。

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语篇·微写作强化练

5. What type of developing countries would be most likely to use English? A.Those geographically close to the United States. B.Those interested in the culture of the United States. C.Former colonies of Great Britain. D.Countries where international conferences are held.

细节理解题。根据文 章最后一段倒数第二 句可推知此题答案为 C 项。

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Ⅲ.微写作 【写作素材】 1.读书是我最大的爱好。

语篇·微写作强化练

2.我从中受益匪浅,因为书是知识之源。 3.我最感兴趣的书是文学书。 4.文学书不仅可以提高写作技能、拓展视野,而且还能丰富 人生,带来巨大的乐趣。 (素材来源于 2012· 江西· 书面表达) 提示: 尽量使用高级表达: 介词+which 的非限制性定语从句; what 引导的主语从句;原因状语从句以及 not only...but also...等。

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语篇·微写作强化练

【连句成篇】 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文)
Reading is my favorite hobby,from which I benefit a lot , because books are the source of knowledge.What interests me most is literary books , because they can not only improve my writing skills and broaden my horizons , but also enrich my life and bring me great fun.

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练一篇学一点
1.distinguish v.区别

语篇·微写作强化练

distinguished adj. 杰出的

distinguish...from... 区别??和?? distinguish yourself 表现突出 2.estimate v.估计;估算 3.strive for 努力获得?? estimate...at... 估价为?? strive to do... 努力做?? It is estimated that... 据估计?? 4.be associated with 和??有关系 associate with 与??在一起 in association with 在??帮助下;与??共存

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语篇·微写作强化练

5.And couples who’ve been together a long time and wish to get back their romantic edge should know it is an attainable goal that,like most good things in life,requires energy and devotion. 该句的主干是 Couples should know it is an attainable goal. 。 couples 后 who’ve been together a long time and wish to get back their romantic edge 为定语从句,it is an attainable goal... 为省去连词 that 的宾语从 句 ,在该从句中, that requires energy and devotion 为定语从句,修饰 goal。

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做一题得一法

语篇·微写作强化练

如何做议论型的完形填空题? 议论文是高考完形填空中较难的一种文体,一般由三个要 素组成:论点、论据、结论。要做好议论文类的完形填空最重 要的是抓住作者的论点。不同的议论文论点的提出方式往往不 同,大体有以下三种情况:(1)开门见山地提出论点。有些议论 文在文章的一开始就提出论点。然后再通过具体的论据去说明 论点,论据有时候既有正面的论据,也有反面的论据,最后总 结全文。本节完形填空中的第一段就提出了本文的论点,即: Romance does not have to fizzle out( 失 败 ) in longterm relationships and progress into a companionship/friendshiptype love.( 浪漫爱情可以持续一生, 并且通往更幸福、更健康的关系。)以下通过列举事例来论证

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语篇·微写作强化练

这一问题。(2)导入式提出论点。有些议论文会先通过叙述生活 中的一件具体的事情或描述生活中的现象,然后根据事情或现 象所反映的问题提出自己的论点, 再用具体的论据去说明自己 的论点。(3)最后提出论点。有些议论文一开始作者仅仅是列举 生活中的现象,不表明自己的观点,而是通过对具体现象的分 析,自然得出一种结论,这种结论往往就是作者的论点。对于 纯议论形式的完形填空,要在掌握全文主旨的情况下,抓好每 段的首句。抓住了每段的主旨句也就是把握了文章的脉络,理 解文意就容易多了。

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语篇·微写作强化练

一般说来,能说明论据主要内容的答案可以在论点里得到 印证,而论点里的某些答案也可以与论据有机地结合起来,使 论点、论据形成相辅相成的关系,因而整个文章上下一致。如 果我们所选的答案前后矛盾,论据与论点相悖,最后的结论与 论点相矛盾,那就说明我们对于文章的把握欠条理和系统,我 们就要重新回过头来理顺文章的各个部分,直到清楚为止,然 后再依据自己对全文的掌握及各部分的逻辑关系选出答案。


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