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【讲练测】2016年高考英语一轮复习Unit2Healthyeating(讲)(含解析)新人教版必修3(新)


Unit 2 Healthy eating
单元知识预览 项目 单词及其词性变化(语法填空必备) 1.burst vi.爆裂;爆发 n.突然破裂,爆发 2.event n.事件;大事 3.nation n.民族;国家;国民→national adj.国家的,民族的→nationality n.国籍 4.ruin n.废墟;毁灭 vt.毁灭;使破产 5.suffering

n.苦难;痛苦→suffer v.受苦,遭受 6.extreme adj.极度的→extremely adv. 7.injure vt.损害;伤害→injured adj.受伤的→injury n.伤害,损害 8.destroy vt.破坏;毁坏;消灭 9.useless adj.无用的;无效的;无益的→useful(反义词)→use v. & n.使用,利用 10.shock vt. & vi.(使)震惊;震动 n.休克;打击;震惊 11.rescue n. & vt.援救;营救 重点单词 12.trap vt.使陷入困境 n.陷阱;困境 13.electricity n.电;电流;电学→electric adj.用电的;带电的;发电的→electrical adj.与电有关的;电学的 14.disaster n.灾难;灾祸 15.bury vt.埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 16.shelter n.掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处 17.damage n. & vt.损失;损害 18.frighten vt.使惊吓;吓唬→frightened adj.受惊的;受恐吓的→frightening adj.令 人恐惧的 19.judge n.裁判员;法官 vt.断定;判断;判决→judgement n.判断,判决 20.express vt.表示;表达 n.快车;速递→expression n.表达→expressive adj.有表现力 的 1.be/go on a diet 重点短语 节食 2.ought to 应当;应该 4.get away with 被放过;(做坏事)不受

3.lose weight 体重减轻;减肥 惩罚

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5.tell a lie 说谎 7.earn one’s living 谋生 9.spy on 暗中监视;侦察 11.before long 不久以后 13.glare at 怒视 14.benefit from 受益于 15.throw away 扔掉;丢弃

6.win...back 赢回;重新获得 8.in debt 欠债 10.cut down 削减;删节 12.put on weight 增加体重

1.Nothing could be better... 再没有比这更好的了?? 经典句型 2. He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! (高考书 能让咏慧哄骗人们后跑掉! 面表达必 3.Why don't you sit down and try a meal? 备) 你为什么不坐下来吃顿饭呢? 必备语法 (高级句 型) 情态动词(2) 他可不

晨读范文背诵 【湖南省浏阳一中 2016 届高三上学期第一次月考试题】 假定你是班长李华,请根据以下内容给新任外教 Smith 先生写一封信, 向他表示欢迎 并转达同学们对英语课的希望: 1. 介绍西方文化; 2. 组织多样活动; 3. 关注学生发音, 提高听说能力。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头已为你写好。 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m writing on behalf of my class to extend our warm welcome to you. Here are some of our expectations for your English class. _______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Yours truly, Li Hua 【答案】 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m writing on behalf of my class to extend our warm welcome to you. Here are some of our expectations for your English class. First, we’d like to have topics in class about Western culture. We are all very interested in knowing more about the culture behind the language. Besides, we’d appreciate various activities to get everyone involved and to make classes interesting. Last but not least, please give us some guidance and training in our pronunciation, because we think we are weak in it. And we are all eager to have our listening and speaking abilities improved. We hope that we are able to speak English fluently and clearly just as you native speakers do. Thank you very much. We are looking forward to meeting you soon! Yours truly, Li Hua 语言知识精析 重点单词精讲 考点 1.diet n.日常饮食 vi. 节食 【教材原句】Everybody has to eat, but do you eat a healthy diet? 每个人都得吃,但是你吃的是健康的饮食吗? 【例句研读】 (1) The doctor put me on a low-salt diet to reduce my blood pressure. 医生______来降低我的血压。 (2) Mary thinks she is too fat that she has to go on a diet. 玛丽认为她太胖了,得______。 【答案】(1) 控制我的饮食 【归纳拓展】
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(2) 节食

be/go on a diet put sb. on a diet 用规定的食谱,控制饮食 a diet of sth. 多得令人生厌的事物 辨析:diet 指通常吃的食物,尤指规定的食谱[如治疗疾病或减轻体重的食物],还可作动 词“节食” 。 food 指人或动物所需的食物;或植物所需的养料。 We cannot survive without food and drink. 【即时巩固】 1. ________ _______ _______ _____ is bad for your health.太油腻的食物对你健康不 利。 2. The doctors all suggested I ______ _______ _____ _____ .医生们都建议我节食。 3. I mustn’t have chocolate—I’m on a 4. —Correct ____ is important. —I agree. I don’t eat sweets now, for I’m on a _____. A. diet; diet diet 【答案】(1) Too rich a diet (2) go on a diet(3) diet (4) D. B. food; food C. diet; food D. food; ______.

考点 2.balance n.平衡 v.平衡;权衡 【教材原句】What will happen to you if you don’t eat a balanced diet? 如果你不吃平衡的饮食会怎样呢? 【例句研读】 (1) We must ________the good and evil of things. 我们必须权衡事物的好坏两个方面。 (2) The acrobat _________ _________ on the high rope. 杂技演员在高处的绳子上使自己保持平衡。 (3) It is difficult to ________ ___________ _______ on an icy pavement.

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人行道上结了冰,要想不摔倒可不容易。 【答案】(1) balance (2) balanced 【归纳拓展】 balanced adj. 平稳的,安定的,和谐的 in the balance 悬而未决 the balance of forces 力量对比 out of balance 失去平衡 keep one's balance 保持平衡,保持镇静 lose one's balance 失去平衡,失去镇静 throw sb. off the balance 使某人失去平衡,使某人慌乱 【即时巩固】 (1) How long can you _________ on one foot? 你能单脚站立多久? (2) Try to achieve______ _______ _____between work and play. 争取把工作和娱乐更好地结合起来。 (3) Try to______ _______ ____ by eating more fruit and less protein. 多吃些水果, 少摄入些蛋白质, 使饮食均衡合理。 (4) While standing on a moving bus, you’re supposed to hold onto the bar in order not to _____. A. in balance B. keep balance 【答案】(1) balance C. lose balance D. hold the balance himself(3) keep one’s balance

(2) a better balance (3) balance your diet (4) C

【解析】 题意为:站在正开动的公车上,为了不失去平衡你应拉住扶手。Lose balance 失 去平衡。 考点 3.lie n.谎话;谎言 vt.&vi.说谎;躺,处于(某位置)

【教材原句】He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! 他不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受到惩罚。 【例句研读】 (1) The man must be a spy and was _____ ____ ___.这名男子一定是个间谍且在说谎。 (2) You are ______ and _____ cannot cover up facts.

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你在说谎,但谎言掩盖不了事实。 (3) The factory ____ _____ the west of the town. 工厂在镇的西边。 【答案】(1) telling a lie 【归纳拓展】 tell a lie/lies 说谎?[反]tell the truth 说实话 a white lie 善意的谎言 a big lie 弥天大谎 lie to sb.向某人撒谎 lie in 在于;处于 lie down 躺下;屈服 lie on one's side/back/stomach 侧卧/仰卧/俯卧 There lies... 某地有?? 提示:易混词形变化: lie 撒谎→lied→lied 躺→lay→lain→lying lay 放;产卵→laid→laid→laying 【即时巩固】 (1) Don't ______ your coat on the bed. 不要把你的外衣放在床上。 (2) —What makes Tom unpopular with his fellows? —__________. ----什么使汤姆不受同事欢迎?---说谎。 (3) I really regret ___to you, but at that time, I had no choice. A. to tell a lie C. tell a lie 【答案】(1) lay B. telling a lie D. telling a lie (2) Telling lies (3) B (2) lying ;lies (3) lies to

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.考点 4.consult vt.&vi. 向??咨询;查阅 【 教 材 原 句 】 She did not consult a doctor but lived on a diet of rice, raw vegetables,bananas and lemons. 她没有咨询医生,但是吃谷物,蔬菜,香蕉和柠檬。 【例句研读】 (1) You'd better ______ a doctor ______ your illness.你最好找医生咨询一下你的病 情。 (2) When you take a geography exam, you may __________________.参加地理考试时,你可以查阅地图。 【答案】(1) consult about (2) consult a map 【归纳拓展】 consultant n.会诊医生;顾问 consulting adj. 咨询的;顾问的 consult sb. about sth. 向某人请教某事 consult a book (a dictionary )查书(字典) consult with sb. 同某人商量 a consulting engineer 顾问工程师 【即时巩固】 (1) Before a decision has been made, you'd better __________________. 在作决定之前,最好找你父亲商量一下。 (2) )He is ________________________ his advisor. 他正同他的顾问磋商事情。 【答案】(1) consult your father(2) consulting with 考点 5.limit n.界限;限度 v.限制;限定 【教材原句】 But I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food.

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但是我发现你菜谱上的菜太少了,所以我也就不着急了,开始宣传我的餐馆食物的好处。 【例句研读】 (1) I've _______ _______ ______ 1 000 calories a day to try to lose weight. 我试着减肥,限定自己每天摄入 1 000 卡的热量。 (2) The speed _______on this road is 70 mph. 这条路的车速限制是每小时 70 英里。 (3) There’ s _______ _______ ______how much I’ m prepared to spend. 我准备花多少钱是有限度的。 【答案】(1) limited 【归纳拓展】 limited adj. 有限的 limitless adj. 无限制的 myself to (2) limit (3) a limit to

limitation n. 限制;限制条件,不足之处 go beyond/over the limit 超过限度 within limits 在一定范围内;有限度的 within the limits of 在??的范围内 without limit 无限(制)地 set a limit to sth. 对??规定限度 be limited to sth. 受限制于?? limit sth. to sth. 把??限定在??的范围内 【即时巩固】用 limit 的短语或其适当形式填空。 (1) One’s energy is ______.一个人的精力是有限的。 (2) ______ ______ ______ ______ (没有止境) what you can do if you try. 如果你尝试的话,你能够做到的是没有止境的。 (3) We must _______ our weekly expenses ______ ten pounds. 我们必须把我们每周的花费限制在十英镑范围呢。 (4) Only a _______ number of places are available. 只有有限的地方可以到达。 【答案】(1) limited (2) There’ s no limit to (3) limit; to (4) limited

考点 6.curiosity n. 好奇心

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【教材原句】 Curiosity drove Wang Peng inside. 好奇心驱使王鹏走了进去。 【例句研读】 (1) He opened the letter ______ ______ _____. 处于好奇,他打开了那封信。 (2) Children are ______ ______ _______ the world around themselves/ 孩子对周围世界充满好奇。 (3) _____ enough, he didn’t appear at the meeting. 令人好奇地,他没有在会议上出现。 【答案】(1)out of curiosity (2) curious to know (3) curiously 【归纳拓展】 curious adj. 好奇的 curiously adv. 好奇地 with curiosity = curiously 好奇地 be curious to do sth. 好奇地做某事

out of curiosity 出于好奇 be curious about sth. 对某事好奇

【即时巩固】用 curiousity 的短语或其适当形式填空。 (1) Margaret looked at him _______ _______. 玛格丽特好奇地看着他。 (2) She decided to try a cigarette _______ _______ _______. 她出于好奇决定试一只香烟。 (3) _______ drove Mary to open her husband’ s letter though she knew it was wrong. 好奇心驱使她打开了她丈夫的信,尽管她知道这是错的。 【答案】(1) with curiosity (2) out of curiosity (3) Curiosity

考点 7.benefit vt. 有益于 vi. 得益于(常与 from, by 连用) n. 利益,好处;津贴 【教材原句】But I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. 但是我发现你菜谱上的菜太少了,所以我也就不着急了,开始宣传我的餐馆食物的好处。 【例句研读】 (1) The rain _____the plants. = The plants ______ ______the rain.

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这场雨有益于植物。 (2) This dictionary will be ______ ______ ______ _____ me. 这本字典将对我有很大 的好处。 (3) The warning sign was put there ______ ______ ______ _____ the public. 这个警示牌被放在那里为了提醒公众。 【答案】(1) benefits (2) benefit from (3) of great benefit to (4) for the benefit of 【归纳拓展】 benefit sb./someplace 使某人/某地受益 benefit from/by sth. receive/gain benefit from sth.得益于某事 be of great/much benefit to sb. =be very beneficial to sb. 对某人有好处 for the benefit of...为了帮助??;为了??的利益

【即时巩固】 (1) The new hospital will ________the entire community.这所新医院将使整个社区受 益。 (2) I ________much ______ my father's advice. 我从父亲的建议中获益颇多。 (3) Moderate exercise will be _____ ______ _______ _____ you.适度运动对你有很多 益处。 (4) She went there ________ ________ ________ _______ her health.她为了健康而去 了那里。 【答案】(1) benefit (2) benefited from (3) of benefit of much benefit to(4) for the

考点 8.combine vt. & vi. (使)联合;(使)结合 【教材原句】 Perhaps we ought to combine our ideas and provide a balanced menu with food full of energy and fibre.

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或许我们应该把我们的想法结合起来,做出一份富有热量和纤维的均衡食谱。 【例句研读】 (1) Some films _________ education ______ recreation. 有些电影把教育与娱乐结合起来。 (2) Circumstances have _____ ____ruin our plans for a holiday. 各种情况凑在一起 破坏了我们的假日计划。 【答案】(1) combine with (2) combined to 【归纳拓展】 combination n. 结合;联合;化合(物) combine into... 联合成?? combine...with... 把??与??结合起来 a combination of... 一种??的结合(物) in combination with 与??联合起来 【即时巩固】 (1) The two small shops _________ to make a large one. 这两个小店合并起来成为了一个大商店。 (2)Pink is ________________________ red and white. 粉红色是红色与白色的混合色。 【答案】(1) combined (2) a combination 重点短语精讲 考点 1.lose weight 体重减轻;减肥 【教材原句】Want to lose weight?想减肥吗? 【例句研读】 (1) She is trying _____ _____ _____. 她在努力减肥。 (2)You had better _____ ______by exercising . 你最好要通过锻炼来减肥。 (3)You can keep fit by______ _______. 你可以通过减肥来保持健康。 【答案】 (1)to lose weight(2)lose weight(3) losing weight 【归纳拓展】 of combined adj. 联合起来的

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(weight 短语及 lose 短语: put on weight(指人)增加体重,长胖 使自己/某人如释重负 lost heart 泄气;灰心 in love 爱上;锺情於?? lose one’ s life 丧生;遇害 lose one’ s breath 气喘嘘嘘;上气不接下气 冲动 lose one’ s temper 发脾气 lose one’ s job 失业 lose one’ s balance 失去平衡 lose one’ s head 昏了头,张皇失措, lose one’ s heart (to sb/sth): fall be/take a weight/load off sb’ s mind

lose one’ s way: become lost 迷路 和某人/事物的联系 lose interest in sth/sb 对某事物/人失去兴趣 物;忽略或未考虑某事物 【即时巩固】

lose touch (with sb/sth) 失去

lose sight of sb/sth 看不见某人 / lose face 丢脸

(1) No matter what I do, my efforts ________always end in failure. 无论我做什么, 我减肥的努力最终以失败告终。 (2) He’ s ______ ______ ______ since he gave up smoking. 自从他戒烟后他长胖了。 (3) The news took _____ ______off his mind . 这个消息使他如释重负。 【答案】(1) to lose weight (2) put on weight (3)a weight off 考点 2.get away with 偷携某物潜逃;受到(较轻的惩罚)或逃避惩罚 【教材原句】He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! 他不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受到惩罚。 【例句研读】 (1) They raided the bank and got away with a lot of money. 他们抢劫银行, _____ 了大批现款。 (2) If you cheat in the exam you'll never get away with it. 考试作弊必予_____。

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(3) Nobody gets away with insulting me like that. 这样侮辱我的人, 我是不会_____ 的. 【答案】(1) 掠走(2) 追究(3) 放过 【归纳拓展】 get in 收获;插话 get in touch with 与??取得联系 get into the habit of 染上??的习惯 get into trouble 陷入困境 get out (of...) (使)出去;离开;逃脱;摆脱 get over 爬过(墙等);克服(困难等);从??中恢复过来 get through 办完;花完(钱、时间等);(使)通过;接通电话 get down to 认真地静下心(工作) get on well with 相处融洽;(工作的) 进展好 【即时巩固】 (1)I won't have you _______________________ cheating in the exam. 我不能容忍你考试作弊而不受惩罚。 (2)He was so lucky to __________________________ only a fine for such a serious mistake. 他犯了如此严重的错误,侥幸只被罚款了事。 (3)How can I _________________________________ the flies in the kitchen?我怎样 才能把厨房里的苍蝇消灭掉? (4)He's not very good at __________ his ideas _________. 他不太善于清楚地表达自己的思想。 【答案】 (1) getting getting across 考点 3.in debt 欠债 【教材原句】He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. 他不希望由于餐馆不受欢迎而负债。 away with (2) get rid of (3) get away with(4)

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【例句研读】 (1) You saved my life: I am forever in your debt. 你救了我的命: 我永远感恩不尽。 (2) The couple worked hard day and night in order to _________. 为了还清所有的债务,这对夫妇夜以继日地拼命干活。 (3)Quantities of water ______ (be) polluted now. (4)A great deal of oil ______ (be) poured into the sea and did great harm to creatures in the water. (5)Many a famous writer ______(be) an alumnus(撰搞人) of a local newspaper. 【答案】 (2)pay off all the debts(3)are(4)was(5)is 【归纳拓展】 be in heavy debt 负债累累 be in debt to sb.欠某人债 pay off all the debts 还清债务(动作) be out of debt 不欠债(状态) get/run into debt 陷入债务 run up huge debts 高筑债台 “in + n.” 表示“在??(情况、状况、状态)中”: in danger 在危险中 in order 井井有条 当众,公开 in ruins 呈废墟状态 silence 沉默着 【即时巩固】 根据句子意思用 debt 短语和 “in + n.” 结构填空。 (1). He ______ ______ ______ after he was out of work. (2). He did all he could to ______ ______ ______ ______ in five years. (3). He was ______ ______ when he was young, but has been ______ ______ ______ since he got rich. (4). James was ______ _______, but I don’t know how to help him out. (5). After the war, the whole city was _______ _______. in trouble 陷入困境,倒霉 in surprise 吃惊 in sight 看见 in public in

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【答案】(1). ran/got into debt (4). in trouble ( 5). in ruins 考点 4. before long 不久以后

(2). pay off his debts

(3). in debt; out of debt

【教材原句】Their balanced diets became such a success that before long WangPeng became slimmer and Yong Hui put on more weight. 他们的均衡食谱非常有效,王鹏很快就瘦了,而雍慧却胖了。 【例句研读】 (1). That happened ______ ______. (2). I’ ve seen that film ______ ______. (3). His plan seemed to be too difficult, but ______ ______ it proved to be practicable. 【答案】(1). long ago 【归纳拓展】 long before 很久以前 【即时巩固】 (1) . _________ he stayed in Germany for half a year and he will go to Germany _________again. A. Before long; before long C. Before long; long before 【答案】D 考点 5. cut down,使倒下;削减,压缩;减价 【教材原句】In this way they cut down the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. 就这样,他们在饭菜中减少了脂肪而增加了纤维。 【例句研读】 (1). He used to cut down trees, but he plants trees now. 他过去________,而现在植树。 (2). )I have to cut down smoking. 我得_________抽烟。 (3). He was asking $100 for the vase, but I cut him down to$75. 这个花瓶要价 100 美元,但我_________75 美元。
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(2). long before

(3). before long

long ago 很久以前

B. Long before; long before D. Long before; before long

【答案】(1).砍树(2). 减少,削减 【归纳拓展】 cut across 走捷径,穿过去 cut in 插话;让某人分享利润 cut off 中止,切断;隔绝 cut out 删除;裁剪

(3).砍到了

cut up 劈碎,切碎;使难过;(严重地)割伤 cut short 突然停止,中断(活动) cut through 穿过;克服;避开;剪断

【即时巩固】 (1).It is a great pleasure for a woman to ________ the price while shopping. A. cut in B. cut down C. cut off D. cut up

(2). For the Turner sisters and their classmates,taking a parttime job might ______ their time for study. A.cut off B.cut into C.cut down D.cut away

【答案】 (1)B(2)C 经典句型剖析 考点 1. Nothing could be better...

【教材原句】Nothing could be better. 没有什么比这更好的了。 【句法分析】 此句中形容词(或副词)的比较级 better 与否定词 nothing 连用, 表达最高级 的含义。常用的否定词有 no, not, never, nothing, nobody, hardly 等与比较级连用, 表示最高级的含义。 【例句研读】 (1)I think nothing is more pleasant than travelling. 我想没有什么比旅行更令人愉快的了。 (2)Nobody loves money better than he. 没人比他更贪财。 (3)—Did you sleep well last night? 你昨晚睡得怎样?

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—Never better, like a rock. 从来没这么好过,像块石头 【拓展归纳】 下列结构也可表示最高级的含义: (1)否定词+so+adj./adv.(原级) such+adj.(原级)+n. (2)adj./adv.(比较级)+than+ any other+n. (单数) any of the other+n. (复数) ①You haven't done such a foolish thing! 你从没有做过这么傻的事!(这是你做过的最傻的事。) ②Bill runs faster than any other boy any of the other boys in his class. 在班里比尔跑得比别的男孩快。 【考点聚焦】考查最高级的表达法。 【即时巩固】 1. —Did you listen to Mr Jackson's lecture? —Yes, I have never heard a ______ one. A.more exciting C.most exciting 【答案】A B.more excited D.most excited

2. ---Are you pleased with what he has done? ---It couldn’t be _______. Why didn’t he put more effort into his work? A. any worse the best 【答案】A 【解析】 试题分析:句意:——你对他的所作所为满意吗?——一点儿也不满意。简直糟糕透了。他 为什么不更加努力地工作呢?根据上文的回答“一点儿也不满意”说明“他的工作”不好,
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B. much better

C. so bad

D.

故排除 BD 选项。比较级用于否定句中往往有肯定的最高级含义。用 B 项的话,意思正好相 反,即“他的工作十分令人满意”。选 A。 考点:考查形容词的辨析和比较等级的用法 3. -- Our trip to Xinjiang is like tasting a thick book of Xinjiang history and culture. --- Absolutely! I’ve never had A. a pleasant pleasant 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考查形容词用法。根据语境可知新疆之旅非常愉快,只有否定词和比较级连用才 可表示最高级意思,即 “从来没有过更令人愉快的旅游” ,而否定词和其他三个选项搭配均 表示否定意义。 句意: 我们的新疆之旅就如同品味一本有关新疆历史文化的书。 ----绝对的! 我从来没有过更令人愉快的旅行了。 考点:考查形容词用法。 考点 2 have sb doing/done / do sth .结构 【教材原句】He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! 他 不可能让咏慧哄骗人们后跑掉! 【句法分析】 (1)have sb. do sth. “使某人做某事” ,不定式做宾补省略 to,但其被动式(sb. be made to do sth.)不能省略 to。含此种“使得”意义的其他动词还有 make, let, lead, drive 等,如: No one can have Tom do this. 没人能使汤姆做这件事。 (2)have sth. done 包含两层意思:一种是“请别人做某事” ;另一种为“承担外界或别人 做某事的后果” 。 (3)have sb. (sth.) doing 有两层含义:一种是“使??处于某种状态或作出某种反应”; 另一种是“允许、听任某种事情发生”,这种用法一般用于否定句中。 (4)have sth. to do 意为“有某事要做”,have 意为“有,拥有”。不定式 to do 是宾 语 sth.的定语,句子的主语是不定式动作的执行者。如果是 to be done 做定语时,说明 该不定式是由别人发出的。 【例句研读】
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one before. C. a most pleasant D. the most

B. a more pleasant

(1)She had her bag stolen. 她的包被偷了。 (2)He had his audience listening attentively. 他吸引住了听众的注意力。 (3)No one can have me leave the office. 没有人能使我离开办公室。 【考点聚焦】考查 have +宾语+宾补 结构 【即时巩固】 1. We can't have people ______ late all the time. A.arrive C.arriving 【答案】C 【解析】用于否定句中 can't have sb. doing 意为“不能允许??”。 2. Is this TV set ______ you wish to have ______? A.the one; repaired C.the one; it repaired 【答案】A 【解析】第一空填 the one 做先行词,其后为省略 which 的定语从句,且 which 在从句中 做 have 的宾语,故选 A。 3. —Mr Smith, do you have something ______ at this moment? —No, thanks. I'll call you if any. A.to be typed C.typed 【答案】A B.to type D.typing B.which; it repaired D.which; repaired B.to arrive D.arrived

考点 3 Why don't you...?=Why not do...?为什么不???(表示建议) 【教材原句】Why_don't_you sit down and try a meal? 你为什么不坐下来吃顿饭呢? 【句法分析】此句是向别人提建议的句型。 向别人提建议还也可以用:

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(1)had better do... 最好做?? (2)Let's do..., shall we? 让我们做??,好吗? (3)I advise you (not) to do... 我劝你(别)做?? (4)I suggest that you (not) do... 我建议你(别)做?? (5)Can't we do...? 难道我们不可以做??吗? 【例句研读】 (1)Why don't you have a try once again? =Why not have a try once again? 为什么不再试一下呢? (2)Why don't you call him right now? =Why not call him right now? 为什么不立刻给他打个电话? 【拓展归纳】 全部否定用:no one, none, neither, nobody, nothing,以及 not...any/either 来表示。 ①None of them are right. 他们都不对。 ②Neither of us will go. 我们俩都不去。 ③Nobody can win me. 没人能赢我。 (4)I suggest that you (not) do... 我建议你(别)做?? (5)Can't we do...? 难道我们不可以做??吗? (6)What/How about doing...? 做??怎么样? (7)Will you please do...? 请你做??好吗? (8)Would you like/love to do...? 你愿意做??吗? (9)I wonder if you should do... 我想知道你是不是应该做?? (10)Shall we do...? 我们做??好吗? 【考点聚焦】考查表示建议的句型 【即时巩固】 1. —It's a long time since I saw my sister. —______ her this weekend? A.Why not visit B.Why not to visit
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C.Why not visiting 【答案】A

D.Why don't visit

【解析】Why not do...?=Why don't you do...? 意为:“为什么不??呢?”用于提出 建议。 2—Hey, Tina. Let’ go out for a walk? —Sure. ____ A. Why not? 【答案】A B. What's up? C. So what? D. What for?

3—Why don't we hold a party to celebrate the achievements gained by our Olympic players? —______ A.Because we haven't got enough preparations. B.Good idea! C.It's all because of the terrible weather. D.Not all would like to attend it. 【答案】B 【解析】Why don't...?“为什么不???”用于提出建议,故回答 B 项“好主意”。

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