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苏州市 2014 高考英语阅读理解、完形填空及阅读类训练(11) (答案及解析)

(1) The Winter Olympics is also called the White Olympics. At this time, many colorful stamps are published to mark the great Games. The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics. From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule. During the 4th Winter Olympic Games a group of stamps were published in Germany in November 1936. The five rings of Olympics were drawn on the front of the sportswear. It was the first time that the rings appeared on the stamps of the White Olympics. In the 1950’s, the stamps of this kind became more colorful. When the White Olympics came, the host countries(东道国) as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games. China also published four stamps in February 1980, when the Chinese sports men began to take part in the White Olympics. Japan is the only Asian country that has ever held the White Olympics. Altogether 14 ,500 million stamps were sold to raise money for this sports meet. Different kinds of sports were drawn on these small stamps. People can enjoy the beauty of the wonderful movements of some sportsmen. 1. The White Olympics and the Winter Olympics _______. A. are the same thing C. are not held in winter B. are different games D. are held in summer

2. The world made it a rule to publish stamps to mark the great world games _______. A. after the year 1936 C. before the 3rd White Olympics B. after the 3rd White Olympics D. before the year 1932

3. The Winter Olympics is held once _______. A. every two years C. ever y four years 4. Which of the following is true? A. Only the host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. B. Only the non-host countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. B. every three years D. every five years

C. All the countries can publish stamps to mark those Games. D. Japan can’t publish stamps to mark those Games 5. What may appear on the stamps of the White Olympics? A. Basketball. C. Football. B. Table tennis. D. Skating.

【答案与解析】本文告诉我们,自 1932 年后,每届冬季奥林匹克运动会举行时,东道国与非 东道国都可以为此发行纪念邮票。 1. A。 细节题。 从第 1 句 The Winter Olympics(奥林匹克运动会) is also called the White Olympics 可知答案为 A。 2. B。 细节题。根据句子 The first stamps marking the opening came out on January 25, 1932 in the United States for the 3rd White Olympics. From then on, publishing stamps during the White Olympics became a rule(规定)可知答案为 B。 3. C。细节题。根据文章内容在 1932 年举行第 3 届冬季奥林匹克运动会,在 1936 年举行第 4 届冬季奥林匹克运动会,由此推知每四年举行一次。 4. C。细节题。从句子 When the White Olympics came, the host countries(东道国) as well as the non-host countries published stamps to mark those Games 中可知。 5. D。推断题。文章的主题是冬季奥林匹克运动会,所以最可能出现在邮票上的是 Skating(滑 雪)。 *******************************************************结束 阅读理解

3. From the passage we can learn that _______. A. no one had ever known the desert before the miners B. it’s still not easy to travel acro ss the desert

C. people can find gas-stations, cafes and hotels in the desert D. people have changed the natural sight of the desert 4. Devil Golf Course is famous for _______. A. the frequent wind D. the sand sculptures 5. From the passage we can see that the writer _______ the Death Valley. A. appreciates C. dislikes B. is fearful of D. is tired of B. th e colors of the sand C. dream-like sights

参考答案 C 篇:本文介绍了美国的一个著名沙漠——“死亡谷”名称的由来以及 “死亡谷”奇特的风 光。 1. D。细节题。根据 ?and Badwater, a salt water pool, is about 280 feet below sea level and the lowest point in the United States 可推知此题答案为 D。 2. B。推断题。根据 ?when a group of miners coming across from Nevada became lost

in its unpleasantness and hugeness and their adventure turned out to be a sad story? 可知“死亡谷”的名称来源于这些迷路矿工的死亡。 3. C。推断题。根据 ?well-marked roads where good services can be found easily? 可 以判断 C 为最佳答案。 4. C。细节题。根据 ?where it seems hard for one to tell reality from terrible dreams 可推知答案为 C。 5. A。推断题。根据 the special beauty of this place?like the sights on the moon? ever-changing?showing the most unusual colors 等关键词语可以知道作者是带着赞赏的 语气来描述“死亡谷”的。 ***********************************************************结束

完形填空 ◆ 活学活用 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项。 When I was in primary school, got into a major argument with a boy I in my class.I can't __1__what it was about,but I have never forgotten the __2__I learned that day.I was convinced that I was right and he was wrong—and he was sure that I was wrong and he was right.The __3__decided to teach us a very important lesson.She brought both of us up to the __4__ of the class and placed him on one side of her desk and me on __5__.In the middle of her desk was a large, round object.I could __6__see that it was black.She asked the boy what __7__the object was.“White,” he answered. I couldn't believe he said the object was white, __8__ it was obviously black! Another __9__started between my classmate and me, time about this the color of the object. The teacher told me to go stand where the boy was standing and told him to come stand where I had been.We changed places,and now she

asked me what the color of the object was.I had to answer,“ __10__.” It was an object with two __11__ colored sides,and from his side it was white.__12__ from my side it was black. My teacher taught me a very important lesson that day:You must __13__ in the other person's shoes and look at the __14__ through their eyes in order to __15__ understand their view. 1.A.think C.remind 2.A.lesson C.class 3.A.officer C.doctor 4.A.back C.middle 5.A.the other C.other 6.A.happily C.clearly 7.A.width C.color 8.A.when C.until 9.A.fight C.conversation 10.A.black C.no colour B.suppose D.remember B.lecture D.text B.teacher D.parent B.front D.side B.another D.others B.fortunately D.nearly B.shape D.size B.unless D.if B.argument D.game B.white D.blue

11.A.similarly C.beautifully 12.A.Still C.Only 13.A.seat C.lie 14.A.situation C.condition 15.A.unexpectedly C.quietly

B.differently D.surprisingly B.Since D.Also B.stand D.put B.movement D.behaviour B.suddenly D.truly

1.解析:从下文的 but I have never forgotten 可知,我虽记不清 为何争吵,但却忘不了由此得到的教训。 答案:D 2.解析:从下文可知,这是我多年前得到的一个教训。 答案:A 3.解析:下文多次提到 my teacher,所以应选 B 项。 答案:B 4.解析:从下文的 her desk 可知,老师把我们带到讲桌边,讲桌 应在教室前面,故 B 项最佳。 答案:B 5.解析:从上文 on one side of her desk 可推知我站到那个同学对 面,即讲桌的另一边,应是 the other side。 答案:A 6.解析:从下文 obviously 和文意可知,从我这边,很清晰地看 到那是黑色,故选择 clearly。

答案:C 7.解析:从 black 和 white 可知,老师在问我们物体的颜色。 答案:C 8.解析:从上下文可知,当(when)从我的一边看黑色时,我的同 学看到的是白色,所以 A 项 when 符合文意。 答案:A 9.解析:从文意和上文的 argument 可知,我们不同意对方意见, 又开始争吵。 答案:B 10.解析:从上下文知道,站在对方的位置,物体为白色。 答案:B 11.解析:由下文 from his side it was white 和 from my side it was black 可知,物体的两面颜色不同,故 differently 正确。 答案:B 12.解析:still 仍然;since 自??以来,到现在;only 可是、不 过;also 而且。通过上句,从他那面看,物体是白色,可是从我这面是 黑色。只有 only 符合文意。 答案:C 13.解析:(be)in sb's shoes 处于某人的境地。不及物动词 stand 代 替了 be 在此表示动作。而 put、seat 都是及物动词,之后应加上 sb., lie 意思不符。 答案:B 14.解析:situation 局面,情况,局势;movement 动作;condition 状况;behaviour 行为。只有 situation 最合适。 答案:A

15.解析:通过上文可知,只有你自己处在别人的境况下,才真 正理解别人,故 D 项 truly 合适。 答案:D *************************************************结束

Cost of American Wars war name cost of the war cost as a percent of annual GDP Revolutionary War US $ 2.2 billion(in 2002 dollars) War of 1812 Mexican War Civil War Spanish War World War I World War II Korean War Vietnam War First Gulf War US$ 190. 6 billion US$ 2.9 trillion US$ 335.9 billion US$ 494.3 billion US$76.1 billion 24% 103% 15% 12% 1%
[来源:学,科,网 Z,X,X,K]


US$ 1.1 billion US$1.6 billion[ US $ 62 billion American US$ 9.6 billion

13% 3% 104% 3%

1. Which wars cost more than a year’s worth of the GDP? A. First Gulf War and World War I B. The Civil War and World War II

C. World War II and Revolutionary War D. Mexican War and Civil War 2. The American annual gross domestic product in 1951 was _________. A. 2.239 trillion B.2.9 trillion C. 3, 25 trillion D. 76.1 billionK]

3. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Mexican War cost more than War of 1812K] B. First Gulf War cost the least in term of the percentage of the annual of GDP. C. World War II cost more than Korean War.

D. Mexican War cost as much money as Spanish American War. 【答案解析】本表格是美国历次战争的开支情况统计] 1. B。细节题。从表中可以看出美国内战和第二次世界大战的费用分别占美国年度国民生产总 值的 104%和 103%,超出了它的年度 GDP。故选 B。 2. A。推测计算题。从常识中可以 知道,1951 年美国正处在朝鲜战争之中,而美国在朝鲜战争 的花费为 $335.9 billion,占它的年度 GDP 的 15%。据此可以计算出它 1951 年的 GDP 应为 $2.239 trillion。 3. D。事实确认题。D 项明显错误。Mexican War 和 Spanish American War 两场战争的花费占 年度的 GDP 比率相同,但并不等于两场战争的费用是一样的。 ********************************************* **************结束

China has a population of more than 1.3 billion people, compared with around 300 million in the United States. “China’s emission of greenhouse gases is large. This is because China has the largest population in the world, but China’s per capita emission level is very low,” Yang said. He also re peated China’s long-held opinion that developed countries are mainly responsible for the climate change problem. “Climate change is mainly due to the long-term emissions by developed countries in the past and their current high per capita level of emissions,” Yang said.

Yang also pointed out that a large part of China’s emissions was the result of products that finally are bought by consumers in Western countries, leading to what he named “transfer emission”. “I hope when people use high-quality and inexpensive Chinese products, they will also remember that China is under increasing pressure of transfer emission,” he said. 1. What is Yang Jiechi’s opinion about greenhouse gas emissions? A. China should be the first to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


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