最新 2013 年高考英语短文改错专题训练
高考英语改错题是考生感到棘手的题型之一。笔者对近几年的高考英语改错题作了细致的分析并加以归类后，发现 错误类型主要集中在以下方面。 （例题保留原题号） 1. 动词时态 每年都有时态错误的小题，且改动基本集中在一般过去时与一般现在时之间。时态的更改要以上下文的主体时态 为依据。 （1） （2003 全国卷）She liked i
t very much and reads it to the class. All said the story was... 84. read（and 连接并列谓 语） （2） （2004 江苏卷）At once I apologize and controlled myself... 83. apologized（and 连接并列谓语） （3） （2004 全国卷） Sometimes, we talked to each other very well in class,... 82. talk（据 sometimes 可断此句为一般 现在时） （4） （2005 全国卷Ⅱ）I will write again and send you the photos we take together. 85. took（照片是已拍好的，用 过去时） （5） （2005 全国卷Ⅰ）There are advantage for students to work while studying at school. One of them was that they can earn money. 77. is （从上下文判断，应该是现在时，谓语用 is） （6） （2005 江苏卷）We named him Jack and keep him for about three years. 76. kept（and 连接并列谓语） 2. 名词单复数 单复数互改是改错题的基本题型之一，改动的依据有：一是根据名词前的修饰限定成份；二是根据上下文的逻辑 关系。 （1） （2003 全国卷）Their word were a great encouragement to me. 85. words（word→words / were→was 根据 their 来决定。 ） （2） （2004 江苏）that was a dinner we had waited for several month. 85. months（several 修饰复数名词） （3） （2004 全国卷Ⅰ） a few minute on the Internet. 77. minutes（a few 修饰复数名词） （4） （2005 全国卷Ⅱ）But one and a half year later. 79. years（one and a half 为一年半，故判断此处 year 应为复数 形式） （5） （2005 全国卷Ⅰ）There are advantage for students to work... 76. advantages（从 there are 判断应该用名词复数） 3. 句子结构 句子结构方面的错误范围大，主要可以从以下几方面来思考：1）句子结构是否完整，成份是否冗缺；2）单词的 词性与其在句中的功能是否相符；3）主谓一致；4）复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词或引导词的运用是否得当 等。 （1） （2004 全国卷）I won?t be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. 78. because/as （复合句中连接主句和从句的关系词运用不当） （2） （2004 全国卷Ⅱ） I don?t know that they don?t like to talk with me. 81. why（连接主句和从句的关系词运用不 当） （3） （2005 全国卷Ⅰ）For the most part, students working to earn money for their own use. 78. work（缺谓语动词） （4） （2005 全国卷Ⅰ）Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything if they like. 79. allows（主语是动 名词短语 Earning their own money，谓语应该用单数） （5） （2005 江苏卷） the most wonderful thing about Jack were his musical ability. 84. was But （主语是第三人称单数） (1) My parents live in the country. They keep a dog calling Ah Fu. One day my parent went to work in the fields taking my little sister with Ah Fu along. While they working, my sister walked to the river nearby. Ah Fu followed her there. She was trying to pick a flower while she fell into the river. Ah Fu barked and jumped to the water immediate. When my parents heard Ah Fu barking they ran to the river. They saw Ah Fu swimming towards the bank carried my little sister. My parents praised Ah Fu warm. It was our brave Ah Fu who had saved my little sister. (2) May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement make.
The Student Union is going to hold a party in Saturday evening, August 15, to welcome my friends from the United States. The party will be hold in the roof garden of the Main Building. It will begin at 7:30 p.m. There will have music, dancing, singing, games and exchange of gift. Everybody may bring a small gift on this purpose. Remember to wrap it up, sign your name and write a few words of good wish. Don?t forget: 7:30, Saturday evening, roof garden, Main Building. There is sure to be a lot of fun. Everybody is welcomed. (3) Dear Peter, We're so glad you're coming to join us on Sunday. Here is what you can find us. We'll have our picnics in the People's Park. You know where that is, isn't you? After you entered the park by the main gate, walk straightly on till you come to a stream. Cross the stream and turning right. After walking in a while you'll come to a hill. Walk around to other side of the hill. There you'll see a lake. We'll have our picnic here in the small wood by the lake. I'm sure you'll have no trouble finding us. Do come! Yours (4) A few days before my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. My brother was riding with me seating on the seat behind. As we came to the crossroad, a young man and a girl came up and stopped us. ?We've found you long last,? they said. And we don't know them. Point to a policeman not far away, the young man explained, ?He stopped us about half hour ago and made us to catch the next offender. So come on, stand here. Hoping you don't have to wait as long as we did . Good luck.? May 3rd, Sunday fine (5) Dear Mr. Smith, I was so please to hear from you and I'm writing to tell you something about my school. You are right, quite few changes have been taken place. On the one side of the road, there has a new classroom building. On the other side which a playground used to be now stand another new building, our library. In it there are all kind of books, newspapers or magazines. The playground is now in front of school. We've also plant a lot of trees in and around the school. I hope you come and see for yourself some days. Best wishes! Yours, (6) Li Hua My name is Li Hua. I was born in Dalian, Liaoning province on February 1977. I started school in 1984 while I was seven. I studied in Guangming Primary School 1984 to 1990. After that I went to No.6 Middle School of Dalian and graduate this summer. The main subjects I studied at school including Chinese, maths, English, physics, chemical and computer. I like English and computer best but I am very good at them. Last year I had won first prize in the school computer competition. In my spare time I enjoy listening to popular music and collect stamps. My favorite sport are swimming in summer and skating in winter. (7) Dear Dick, How nice to hear from you again! You want to know what is going on in schools in china. In short, things have begun to improve since we called on school to reduce learning load. I don?t know about the others, but I used to have to do works even on weekends by doing endless homework and attending classes as well. Now, I have more free time. I can follow my own interests, such as reading books, visiting museums, and taking computer lessons. In the evenings, I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. What?s more, I can go to bed earlier. As far as I know, everyone is happy about the new
arrangement of things. Best wishes! yours, (8) Dear Bill, I was very glad receive your letter on July 13th. Thank you for your congragulation. I was very excited when I heard that Beijing won the bid for the 2008 Olympic Games. Immediate, I called Weiguo and Lihong to my house . After the brief discussion, we decided to put up a wall?s newspaper for our class. When we hurried to our classroom and began to work. Weiguo wrote a poem, Lihong copied some news on the newspapers. I draw the Olympic flag. The next Monday, Our classmates were both surprised and overjoying when they saw the wall newspaper. I hoped you can come to China to watch the Olympic Games in 2008, then I'll be very happy to be your guide. Sincerely yours (9) Dear Bob, I?m so glad to learn that you are come in September. I found a place for you. It?s a small flat of 25 square metre, with a bedroom, a bathroom or a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and the chair. The rent is 500 yuans per month. The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, it is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. Bus No. 11 can take you straightly to the school. In fact, it?s only one stop way. Do you think you?d like it? If so , I can try and find another place for you. Just let me know. Yours , (10) It is well-known that we exist in the dynamic world with various difficulties. When we are faced them, nothing is more important than hope and self-confidence. With confidence, we can find sometime the question is not as “huge”so we imagine. Take most of our for example, the entrance exam to college seem to be a horrible monster. According, some people give up, some persist. In my eyes, with confidence, right assessment of the difficulties, as good as full preparation, try and exert your strength, but then we will overcome all problems and challenges. On the whole, I believe we youngster should face the difficulties in right manner. And nothing is impossible, brave it out and just do it! (11) Almost all of us heard the story “Here Comes the Wolf” when we are little kids. What we can learn from the story is we must be honest. Therefore, there?re lots of phenomenon of dishonesty nowadays. Being honest does great harm not only to other people and also to yourself. Take the case of fake milk powder for an example. After drinking this kind of milk, the baby had big heads while their legs and arms were still thin, what badly affected their health. To my great relief, the producers got accused and punished net all the serious consequences in the end. (12) It is known to us, a growing outbreak of H1N1 flu has been sparked in many countries. An increasing number of cases are reported every day. It?s thought that H1N1 flu spread in the same way that regular seasonal influenza viruses do, that is, spreading from person-to-person, mainly through the coughs and sneezes of people who are sick with virus. Faced with this severe disease, here are some everyday measure we should take to stay healthy. First, cover your nose and mouth by a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Wash your hands often with soap and water, especial after you cough or sneeze. Avoid touch your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread that way. If you get sick, stay home from work and school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.
Finally, H1N1 flu is not a terribly deadly disease, which is curable. So, don?t be nervous and just keep calm as usually. (13) During the weekend I travelled by air the first time in my life. I generally travel by train and bus. It is both cheaper and safe. But this was a short journey. In the beginning I didn't feel very happily, but this feeling did not last longer. The journey was very exciting. I was soon high up in the sky among the cloud. The views of mountains, fields and rivers were interested. I enjoyed my short and comfortably journey very much. This experience has shown that travelling in air is actually the safest way of make journeys (14) Dear Jim, I'd like to tell you something more about our school sports meet. It was holding on Oct. 6th, it was a fine day. There were over 1,000 students and teachers attended it. Wang Lin, a student from my class won the 100-meters race. He finished the race in 12.6 seconds and broke the school record. The sports meet was really success. That was because we were all trying to do my best. Although I was not one of the winner, I was proud of that we had done. Looking forward to receive your letter. Yours, Li Ping (15) Dear Mr Ryan, Recent I have learned from the newspaper that your company need a secretary. I'd like to get the position. I'm a girl of 25 ad I'm 1.65m-height.I graduated the English department of WuHan University but I have worked^ an English teacher for 3 years at the university after graduation. I'm good at computers as well as English. I'm special interested in writing and I've written more than twenty news reports in articles for some newspapers and magazine. I want to be a secretary, so I still practise and improve my writing. I will appreciate if I am accepted and I will work hard to do my work good for the company. My telephone number is 027-87560250 (16) When I was a small child my parents didn?t have many money and I had a very few Christmas gifts. My cousin was 10 and hehad gone out singing Christmas carols and made quite a bit money. With telling anyone he went to the shop and spent almost every penny of his money on a teddy bear; then he using the change to buy a little necklace with a glass charming on them. He came to my house and told my parents what he had bought these things for me as Christmas gifts. Twenty-five years late the moth-eaten teddy bear has long since been thrown away, but I even have the little rusty necklace in my jewelry box to remind of my cousin?s kindness. (17) I was a honest child indeed．I didn?t dare to tell lies because of my eyes often let the secret out ．I remembered telling a lie to my parents, and I could hard fix my eyes on my father?s face, let alone my mother eyes．I glanced here and there, up or down, nervously．However, after I came to Beijing, I no longer have to worry my eyes because everything I wanted to say was sent by letter．I found myself often tell small lies．I wrote, “I?m in Beijing．I enjoy the food selling at the university．And at the weekends, I often buy fried chickens or pork to eat．” (18) Tom was having much troubles getting up in the morning and was always late with work.. His boss wanted to fire him if he didn?t start coming on time, but he went to the doctor for a help. The doctor gave him some medicine and told him to
take them before he went to bed. The man did is told and slept. leally will, wake up before the alarm had even gone off. He had time for a properly breakfast and was still the first reach the factory.” Boss,” he said,”that medicine really works!” I?m pleasing to hear it ,”said his boss,” but where were you yesterday?” (19) Anita Mei was very famous pop singer in Hong Kong. Together with her mother, she began to perform in the age of four. In the early 1980s, she took part in a local sing competition and won the first prize. The song “Bad Girl” made she famous. The following years saw Anita make many records. Some of her song were very popular. She was always ready to help others, but she made a lot of good friends. When SARS hits Hong Kong , she organized several concerts with others pop stars, calling on Hong Kong people to bravely face the disease. Sad, Anita died of cancer in 2003. The lady that whom was brave and beautiful will always be remembered by people. (20) Late in April, a photo show was held in our school ? It lasted a week and was great success! All the photos were taken by the students themselves. They were most color photos, but some were black-and-white ones, presented our school life, the beauty of nature, festival activities and so on. All the work of art were at show in the reading-room on the second floor. Every day a large number of students went to enjoy them, but they were surprised to find the photos were such wonderful that some teachers also were present. Those whose photos were chosen the best are given different prizes. In the short, this photo show really made our life more colorful. We hope we will have much more activities like this in our school.
最新 2013 年高考英语短文改错专题训练参考答案 [答案] (1)【解析】 1.此处是过去分词作短语作定语，因此，将 calling 改为 called。 2.根据上下文可知，parent 应是复数，所以将 parent 改为 parents。 3.此处 my little sister 和 Ah Fu and along 并列关系，所以将 with 改为 and。 4.根据句意，此处应是过去进行时，所以将 they 加 were。 5.此处的 river 首次出现泛指，所以将 the 改为 a。 6.此句意思是“在他摘花时，意外掉入河中”应用 be doing sth when 句型，所以将 while 改为 when。 7.根据句意，此处“跳入河中”， 所以将 to 改为 into。 8.此处应是状语，应是副词，所以将 immediate 改为 immediately。 9.此处是现在分词作宾补，所以将 carried 改为 carrying 10.此处的 warm 是 praised 的状语，所以将 warm 改为 warmly。 (2)【解析】 1.该句子用的是 have sth. to do 而不是 have sb do, 在 make 前加 to 。 2.指某一天的上下午时用介词 on 而不用 in。 3.此处的 fiends 应是讲话一方的朋友，是复数概念，将 my 改为 our。 4.根据句意，此处是将来被动，应将 hold 改为 held。 5.表示从在的有用 there be 不是 there have, 应将 have 改为 be。 6.此处的 exchange 与 dancing, singing,是并列关系，应将 exchange 改为 exchanging。 7.此处的 gift 是大家交换，是复数，应将 gift 改为 gifts。
8.根据句意，此处是为了这一目的，应是 for this purpose; 而 on purpose“故意”。 9.此处的 wish 应是复数概念，所以将 wish 改为 wishes。 10.Welcome 一次即可作动词，又可作形容词，所以，应将 welcomed 改为 welcome。 (3)【解析】 1、此处的从属连词在从句中作方式，故将 what 改为 how。 2、此处是单数概念，应是 picnic。 3、此处的反意疑问句应与主句的人称、数等保持一致，而不是与从句保持一致，所以将 isn?t 改为 don?t。 4、根据上下文设计概念可知此处一般现在时，所以将 entered 改为 enter。 5、straight 形容词和副词同形，此处应是 straight。 6、turn 和 cross 是并列谓语，将 turning 改为 turn。 7、for a while 是“一会儿”而 in a while 则是“过一会儿”根据句意，此处应是 for a while. 8、此处的 other 应是特指，前面应有 the. 9、此处是指那里，应用 there。 10、wood 在此处是“小树林”应用 woods。 (4)【解析】 1、根据句子时态和句意此处应是“几天前”，所以将 before 改为 ago. 2、此次是现在分词作宾补，表示主动，所以将 seating 改为 seated 或 sitting。 3、crossroad 表示“十字路口?” 时常用 Crossroads。 4、根据文意，“最终找到”at long last 是固定搭配。一次在 long 前加 at。 5、前后两句语义转折，所以将 and 改为 but。 6、根据上下文此处是一般过去时，所以将 don?t 改为 didn?t。 7、根据句子结构，此处的 Point 应是分词作伴随状语，所以将 point 改为 pointing。 8、此处 half an hour 是固定搭配，所以在 half 后加 an。 9、此处是 make sb do sth 结构，所以去掉 catch 前的 to。 10、此句是祈使句，应将 hoping 改为 hope。 (5)【解析】 1.此处 please 是动词应该用形容词 pleased. 2.词句中的 take place 不用被动语态，所以去掉 been。 3.表示存在的有用 there be 所以将 has 改为 is。 4.which a playground used to be 定语从句，关系词在从句表示“处所、地点”应用 where。 5.此句是倒装句，其主语是 another new building，所以将 stand 改为 stands。 6.all kinds of 是固定搭配，所以 kind 应是复数。 7.newspapers 和 magazines 是比并列而不是选择关系，所以该 or 为 and。 8.介词 in front of 后的 school 指具体的学校，前应加 the。 9.此处现在完成时，应将 plant 改为过去分词。 10.根据句意可知应是“某一天”，而不是“几天”，所以将 days 改为 day。 (6)【解析】 1、在英语中表示某年某月用介词，而不用 on。 2、此句意思是：我七岁时开始上学，所以应用 when 而不是 while。 3、根据句意，此处应是从某时到某时，英文常用 from…to…，所以在 1984 前加 from。 4、根据句意和上下文，该句应该是过去时态，所以将 graduate 改为 graduated。 5、该句中的 include 是谓语动词，应该用 included. 6、该居中的学科名称是并列关系，应将 chemical 改为 chemistry 名词。 7、根据连词前后句意义，应该是顺承关系，而不是转折关系，所以将 but 改为 and。 8、句中有 last year 时间状语，应是一般过去时，所以去掉 had。
9、此句中的 collect 和 listening 是并列成分，作 enjoy 宾语，因此，将 collect 改为 collecting。 10、从动词 are 可知 sport 应是复数。 (7)【解析】 1、此处是收到来信，应是 hear from。 2、此句是宾语从句，根据句意应将 which 改为 what。 3、in short 是固定搭配，所以去掉冠词 a。 4、根据上下文可知此处应是一般过去时，所以将 call 改为 called。 5、根据上下文可知前后两句应该是转折关系，所以将 and 改为 but。 6、从结构看 attend 和 doing 应是并列关系，所以将 attend 改为 attending。 7、此处根据上下文，应该用比较级，所以将 much 改为 more。 8、reading books, visiting museums, or taking computer lessons.是并列关系而不是选择关系，所以将 or 改为 and。 9、根据句意，此短语意思是“每天晚上”所以将 evening 改为 eveings。 10、根据上下文，此句中没有比较之义，所以将 earlier 改为 early。 (8)【解析】 1、此处用句型 be glad to do sth,因此在 glad 后加 to。 2、congratulation 表示祝贺常用复数形式，所以改为 congragulations 3、次出应是副词做状语，因此永 Immediately。 4、此处 discussion 是抽象名词具体化前应该是不定冠词 a。 5、该处是表示性质、用途等名词作定义不用所有格。 6、该句是单句而非复合句，所以去掉 when。 7、根据 Lihong copied some news on the newspapers 句意可知应该将 on 改为 from。 8、根据上下文，该句时态应是一般过去时，所以将 draw 改为过去式。 9、overjoying 和 surprised 是并列作表语，应该是过去分词》 。 10、此处是说话人的希望，应是现在时态，所以将 hoped 改为 hape (9)【解析】 1、此句是进行时表将来，所以将 come 改为 coming。 2、此句意思是“我已为你找到一个住处”应该是现在完成时，在 learn 前加 have。 3、多少平方米的英文表达应是“xx square metres。 4、此处应是并列，不是选择，所以将 or 改为 and。 5、此次故事观此错误，应该用 a,和 a bed, a sofa, a desk 的用法一样。 6、yuan 一词是中文译音，不用复数。 7、it is not far from Jianxin Chinese School 是非限制性定语从句，所以改 it 为 which 。 8、straight 该词形容词副词同形，去掉 straight 的 ly。 9、It is …away. 意思是“距……多远”，所以将 way 改为 away。 10、根据上下文句意，该处应该是 if not 而不是 if so。 (10)【解析】 1、此句中的 world 并非具体的世界，而是人们现实生活的一种环境，因此，用冠词 a。 2、faced with “面对”是固定搭配。 3、根据句意，此处应是“有时候、时而”而不是“某时”，应该用 sometimes。 4、此句用 not as(so)… as 句型，所以改 so 为 as。 5、此处应该是 most of us。 6、从主语 entrance exam 可知，谓语动词是单数 。 7、根据句子结构，此处应是 According 副词作状语，而不是形容词。 8、根据句意，此处应该是“除……外，还有……”,而不是 “和…….养好”,应该是 as well as。 9、根据上下文，前后两句应该是顺承关系不是转折关系，所以改 but 为 and。
10、youngster 是 we 的同位语。 (11)【解析】 1、根据主句动词 heard 的时态可知,将 are 改为 were。 2、^ we must be honest 是表语从句，其连词 that 不能省。 3、根据上下文可知，前后两句语义转折非因果，因而改 Therefore 为 However。 4、phenomenon 是可数名词，在 lots of 后应是复数形式。 5、根据句意可知，此处应是 dishonst 才合乎文意。 6、not only…but also 是固定搭配。 7、take…for example 是固定搭配，不用冠词。 8、此处根据 the baby had big heads 的 heads 可知一部分是 babies。 9、 what badly affected their health 是非限制性定语从句，因此，改 what 为 which。 10、To one?s great relief“某人大为欣喜的是”根据上下文可知应是作者一方是复数，因此改 my 为 our。 (12)【解析】 1、It is known to us,是置于句首的非限制性定语从句，因此，改 It 为 As。 2、根据句意，该句是现在进行时的被动语态，应在 are 后加 being。 3、该动词在此处应该是单数第三人称，因此改 spread 为 spreads。 4、be sick with “感染疾病”是固定搭配，所以改 at 为 with。 5、从 here are some…可知，measure 应是复数。 6、cover…with….用……盖住……..是固定搭配。 7、此处是副词做状语，应该是 especially。 8、avoid 后劫匪谓语动词智接动名词. 9、此处应该是并列而不是选择，因此用 and。 10、as usual 是固定搭配，不能用副词。 (13)【解析】 1、根据句意，应该是固定搭配 for the first time. 2、此处表示选择，应该是 or 非 and。 3、此句中应该是 eaper and safer。 4、此句中的 feel 是系动词，所应该是 happy。 5、此句中没有比较之意，所以用 long 而不是 longer。 6、此句中的 cloud 指一片一片的云，应是复数形式。 7、此句是某物令人如何，应该是 interesting。 8、此处是定语修饰 journey，所以应该用形容词。 9、此处是指“穿过大气层”之意，所以用 through。 10、短语中的 make 是介词 of 的宾语，应该用 making。 (14)【解析】 1.此句中没有“更多”之意，应去掉 more。 2.根据句意应该是被动语态非进行时，所以改 holding 为 held。 3.it was a fine day 是非限制性定语从句，改 it 为 which。 4.此处是分词短语作定语，和 students and teachers 是主动意义，应该是 attending。 5.100-meter 是和成形容词，其中的名词不能用复数。 6.此句中的 success 是抽象名词具体化的运用，意思是“一次成功；一件成功的事”，所以 success 前应该加 a。 7.从主语 we 可知 try one?s best 中的 one?s 应该是 our。 8.从 I was not one of the winner 可知，我是赢者之一，所以应该是 winners。 9.that we had done 是介词 of 的宾语，从句中缺宾语，所以改 that 为 what。
10.Looking forward to 的 to 是介词，所以改 receive 为 receiving。 (15)【解析】 1.Recent 在句中是状语，应该是副词。 2.从主语 company 可知，need 应该动词的单数第三人称。 3.根据句意“毕业于……” 英文中应该用 graduate from。 4.前后两句是顺承关系而不是转折关系，连词应该是 and。 5.根据句意“我当一名英语老师”可知应该是 worked as。 6.从 I have worked as an English teacher for 3 years 可知，应该是 since graduation 而不是 after graduation。 7.从 special interested 可知，应该是 specially 副词修饰 interested。 8.从 or some newspapers and magazine 可知，magazine 应该是复数。 9.If I am accepted 是条件从句，其后的主句前不该有 and。 10.此处应该是 well 作状语修饰 do。 (16) 1. many→much 2. 去掉 a 3. bit 后加 of 4. with→without 5. using→used 6. them→it 7. what→that 8. late→later 9. even→still 10. remind 后加 me (17) 1． 改为 an 2． a 删去 of 3． hard 改为 hardly 4． mother 改为 mother?s 5.or 改为 and 前加 about 8．tell 改为 telling (18) 【答案】1.改 troubles 为 trouble 9．selling 改为 sold 2.改 with 为 for 10．chickens 改为 chicken 3.改 but 为 so 4.去 a 5.改 them 为 it 10.√ 6． have 改为 had 7． my
6.改 wake 为 waking 7.改 properly 为 proper (19) 1. a 2. at 3. singing 4. her 5. songs 6. and/so 7. hit (20) 1. was 后加 a 2.most---mostly
8.reach 前加 to 8.other
9.改 pleasing 为 pleased 10. whom
3.presented----presenting / 在 presented 前面加 which 4.work---works 5.at---on
6.but---and 7.such---so 8.are---were 9.删掉 the 10. much--- many