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专题限时训练(二十) [完形填空第二节(二)]


专题限时训练(二十) [完形填空第二节(二)] (限时:每篇 6 分钟)

(一) I’m very glad to receive your letter. From your letter, I know you have shown __1__ great interest in inventing new things. That’s great. A

s for how to be an inventor, there is no quick answer to __2__ .

Coming from different cultures and having different backgrounds, inventors do not seem to have much __3__ common. But creative thinking, __4__ is greatly valued, is

perhaps the basic skill an inventor should have. In order to explore new possibilities, you will have to learn to break problem in understanding. More importantly, always keep it in your mind the result of a long process of trial and error. Above __7__ success is no accident. It is __5__ __6__ from old thought patterns. When you get stuck, try to look at the many ways as possible. Each new way may improve your

__8__, the main task for you is to study

hard and try to learn more knowledge. This, of course, will lay a solid foundation. Hope your future invention will make a difference. 1.________ 5.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 6.________ 7.________ 8.________ (二) The poor are very wonderful people. One evening we went out and we picked up four people from the street. And __9__ of them was in a most terrible condition, and I told the sisters: You looked worse. So I did for her all beautiful smile on her face. she died. I could not I were in

take care of the other three. I take care of this one __10__

that my love can do. I put her in bed, and there was such __11__

She took hold of my hand as she said just the words “thank you” __12__

help but examine my conscience before her and I asked what I would say __13__

her place. And my answer was very simple. I would have tried to draw a little attention __14__ myself. I would have said “I am hungry, I am dying, I am cold, I am in pain”, or something, but she gave me much more—she gave me her grateful love. And she died __15__ a smile on her

face. That is why we believe __16__ Jesus had said: I was hungry, I was naked, I was homeless, I was unwanted, unloved, uncared for, and you did it to me. 9.________ 10.________ 11.________ 12.________ 16.________

13.________ 14.________ 15.________

(三) Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored __17__ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. He was born in India in 1869.Following the local custom, he got __18__ at the age of

13.In 1888 he sailed to England, __19__

he studied law for three years and became a lawyer.

On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. In South Africa he was surprised to find that the problem of racial discrimination(种族歧 视)was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight __20__ equal rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915, when India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and __21__ for his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. __22__, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give __23__ and India became an independent country

in 1947.__24__, Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th,1948. 17.________ 18.________ 19.________ 21.________ 22.________ 23.________ 20.________ 24.________

(四) New studies show how food and its production affect the globe and its climate. The process of making a hamburger, for example, requires lots of energy. A cow has to be fed and raised on farmland. And cow waste is a major source of methane(沼气)— __25__ especially powerful __26__

greenhouse gas. The cow has to be killed. The meat has to be processed and shipped,

takes fuel. Most of the cow won’t even be used for meat people eat. By the time a hamburger finally lands to a dinner plate, __27__ has made bad effect on the environment.

We can reduce the production of global warming gases by eating less beef. Other kinds of meat like pork and chicken do __28__ harm to the environment—at least in terms of the __29__ , all kinds of meat are harder __30__ the

amount of greenhouse gases released. planet than vegetables. turns __31__

changing our diet to less meat and more vegetables, as it

__32__, may do the world some good. 28.________ 32.________

25.________ 26.________ 27.________ 29.________ 30.________ 31.________

(五) A walking robot maid which can clean a home, dump clothes in a washing machine and even heat food in a microwave has been developed by South Korean scientists. Mahru- has a humanZ like __33__ including a rotating head, arms, legs and six fingers __34__ __35__ with, its

plus threedimensional vision to recognize chores(家庭杂事)that need to be media reports said on Monday. “The most distinctive strength of MahruZ

visual ability to observe objects, recognize the tasks needed to be completed, and carry

__36__

out,”You Bum- head of the cognitive(认知) robot centre at the Korea Institute of Science Jae, and Technology, told the Korea Times. “It recognizes people, can turn on microwave ovens,

washing machines and toasters, and also pick up sandwiches, cups senses as objects.”

__37__

whatever else it

The institute took two years to develop MahruZ,

__38__

is 1.3 metres tall and weighs

55 kilograms. It could also work with an earlier maid robot called Marhu- which moves on M wheels, since both can be remotely controlled through a computer server. __39__ from

dealing with chores, researchers say Mahru- can also be used in conditions too difficult or Z dangerous for humans. But mass production for commercial __40__ is still on the way. 36.________ 40.________

33.________ 34.________ 35.________ 37.________ 38.________ 39.________

41.________ 42.________ 43.________

44.________ 48.________

45.________ 46.________ 47.________

(七) Every year, thousands of people come to Edinburgh, the capital city of Scotland, to be part of the Edinburgh Festival. For three weeks every August and September the city is filled with actors and artists from __49__ over the world. They come to Edinburgh __50__ the biggest

arts festival in Britain. During this time the streets of the city are alive with music and dance from __51__ morning till late at night. You can even see artists,painting pictures on the streets. __52__ students do comedy shows in

One of the best parts of the Festival is the “Fringe”, small halls and café s. Tens __53__

thousands of tourists come to the Festival to see new films and plays and

hear music performed by famous musicians. This year, you can see over five hundred performances __54__ actors from more than forty countries.

The tickets for these performances are quite cheap and it is usually easier to see your favorite stars in Edinburgh __55__ it is in London. Come to Edinburgh next summer, but remember __56__ why not book your hotel now?

it can be difficult to find a room,

49.________ 50.________ 51.________ 53.________ 54.________ 55.________

52.________ 56.________

(八) Sports should help a man to learn fairness, not only in games but also for life. If two teams play __57__ game, one team must lose. If a dozen teams attend an athletic competition,one team will get the most points and all the __58__ eleven teams will get __59__ points. If a school

team comes out last, that is no loss of face. __60__ that team and that school must do is to admit that it __61__ . The only intelligent reaction __62__ defeat must be: next year we will do our to a stricter course of

best to come out on top, because from now on we will devote __63__ training under competent instructors. Lessons __64__

in sports can help us in our dealing with other people. But even more

valuable are the lessons learned in extracurricular activities in school: in speech, dramatic and musical contests, in “house” activities, and, especially, in the student council. 57.________ 58.________ 59.________ 60.________

61.________ 62.________ 63.________ 64.________

专题限时训练(二十) (一) 1.a 短语“show an interest in”意为“对??感兴趣”,great 以辅音音素开头,故填 a。 2.it 此空指代问题“how to be an inventor”,故填 it。 3.in have much in common 意为“有许多共同之处”。

4.which 该空引导非限制性定语从句修饰 creative thinking,且在从句中作主语,故填 which。 5.away break away from 意为“脱离, 离开, 背弃, 与??脱离关系”。 6.as 分析句子结构可知,此处为“as?as”结构,故填 as。 7.that 分析句子结构可知,it 在句中为形式宾语,此空填 that 引导宾语从句。 8.all above all 意为“首先,最重要的是”。 (二) 9.one one of them 他们中的一个。 10.who/that 该空引导定语从句修饰 one,且在从句中作主语,故填 who/that。 11.a such a beautiful smile 如此漂亮的一个微笑。

12.and 此空的两个句子表示并列关系,故填 and。 13.if 根据句意“如果我处在她的位置,我会说些什么”可判断填 if。 14.to 短语“draw attention to”意为“促使??注意, 引起对??的注意”。

15.with

此处为“with +宾语+宾补”结构在句中作伴随状语。

16.what 该空引导宾语从句且在从句中作 said 的宾语,故填 what。 (三) 17.as be honoured as 意为“被誉为, 被授予??的称号”。 18.married 19.where where。 20.for fight for equal rights 为平等的权利而斗争。 21. independence 根据“fight for an end to the British rule”而判断此处指“结束英国统治 而获得独立”,故填 independence。 22.However 根据前后的转折关系可判断填 However。 23.in give in 屈服。此处意为“英国政府不得不屈服”。 24.Unfortunately 不幸的是,甘地被枪杀了。由此判断填 Unfortunately。 (四) 25.an 沼气是一种强而有力的温室气体,故填 an。 26.which 该空引导非限制性定语从句,指代前面整句内容,故填 which。 27.it 该空指“a hamburger”,故填 it。 28.less 根据“at least in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases released”推断填 less。 29.However 根据前后的转折关系可判断填 However。 30.on on the planet 意为“在地球上”。 31.So 根据前后的因果关系可判断该空填 So。 32.out as it turns out 结果是,结果证明。 (五) 33.body Mahru- 有一个像人似的身体。 Z 34.dealt 需要被处理的家庭杂事。deal with 对待,对付,处理。 35.is 该空用 is,构成主系表结构。 36.them 此处指“the tasks”,故填 them。 37.and 此处表并列关系,故填 and。 38. which 该空引导非限制性定语从句, 修饰 Mahru- 且在从句中作主语, Z, 故填 which。 39.Apart apart from 除??之外。 40.use commercial use 商业用途。 (六) 41.better 由空后的 than 可判断该空填比较级,再结合语境可判断该空填 better。 42.a 普拉茨堡州立大学是一所美丽的大学,该空用不定冠词 a 表泛指。 根据当地习惯,他 13 岁结婚。 该空引导非限制性定语从句修饰 England,且在从句中作地点状语,故填

43.where

根据“point you in the right direction”可判断此处意为“如果你不知道你要去

哪的话”,由此判断填 where。 44.if 由语境可知该空引导一个条件状语从句,故填 if。 45.and 该空表示并列,故用 and。 46.for 此空表目的,故填 for。 47.from range from?to?意为“在??到??范围内变化”。 48.its 此处指普拉茨堡州立大学的学生,故用 its。 (七) 49.all all over the world 全世界。 50.for 此空表目的,意为“为了英国最大的艺术节而来”。 51.early early morning 与 late at night 相对应。 52.where where。 53.of Tens of thousands of 成千上万,数以万计。 54.by 演出是被演员所开展的活动,故该空填表“被动”之意的 by。 55.than 根据句中的比较级“easier”可判断该空填 than。 56.so 根据前后的因果关系可判断填 so。 (八) 57.a play a game 玩游戏。 58.other 此处指“其他十一个队”,故填 other。 59.fewer 根据“the most points”可判断该空填 fewer。 60.What 该空引导主语从句且在从句中作 do 的宾语,故填 What。 61.loses 根据“a school team comes out last”可推断比赛输了,故填 loses。 62.to reaction to sth. 意为“对??的反应”。 该空引导非限制性定语从句修饰“Fringe”,且在从句中作地点状语,故填

63. ourself devote oneself to 意为“献身于, 专心于”, 根据主语 we 可判断用 ourself。 64.learned 从运动中所学到的教训能帮助我们与别人相处。由此句意判断填 learned。


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