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高一英语Book3 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note


广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note 语言点学习 学习目标 ●知识目标 I.掌握重点词汇和短语: 1.____________ n.奇遇;冒险→____________ n.冒险家→____________ adj.喜欢冒险的 2.____________ n.(戏剧)一场;现场;场面;景色 3.____________ vi.漫游;漫步;漂泊 4.____________ n.人行道 5.____________ vt. & vi.许可;允许;准许 n.通行证;许可证;执照→___________n.许可;准许 6.____________ vt.发现;认出 n.斑点;污点;地点 7.____________ n.船费(包括食宿);通道;(一)段 8.____________ vi. & vt. 认为;说明;总计有 n.说明;理由;计算;账目 9.____________ vt. & vi.寻找;探索;寻求→____________ (过去式/过去分词) 10.____________ n.耐性;忍耐→____________ adj. & n.有耐心的;病人 11.____________ n.反面;对立面 adj.相反的;相违的→____________ adv.相反地 12.____________ n.信封 13.____________ vt.相信;信任→____________ adj.可信任的→____________ adj.难以置信的 14.____________ n.数量 15.____________ n.礼貌;举止;方式 16.____________ adv.真正地;确实;实在 II. 重点短语 1.________________抚养;培养;教育;提出 2.________________前进; (用于祈使句) 可以;往下说 3.________________偶然;无意中;不小心 4.________________盯着看;凝视 5.________________导致;作出解释 6.________________与此相反;正相反 7.________________冒险 8.________________衣衫褴褛 9.________________关于;至于 10.________________说实话 11.________________从心底 12.________________点菜

III. 理解和运用重点句型: 1.The next morning I’d just about_________myself up for lost _________I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。 2.You _________open it _________two o’clock.到两点钟你才能打开。 3.That’s _________we’ve given you the letter.这正是我们给你这封信的原因。 4.Well, towards nightfall I found myself _________out to sea by a strong wind. 哎,傍晚时分,我发现自己被一阵大风刮到了大海上。 5.You must come _________you want and have _________you like.您什么时候想来,您想吃点什么, 你就一定要来呀! ●过程与方法——自主学习 小组讨论 师生探究 ●情感、态度与价值观——掌握并能运用本单元的重点单词、词组和句型。
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 1 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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考点探究——互动探究· 能力备考 Ⅰ.词汇短语过关 1.scene n. (戏剧)一场;现场;场面;景色 the scene of the crime 犯罪现场 (come) on the scene 出现,到场,在场 【即学即练】 (1)Our reporter was the first person_________________________(到现场). (2)The rocking boats along the river bank___________________________(构成一道美丽的风景). (3)The boy led his mother to _________________________________________(事故现场). 2.permit vt. 允许,许可 n.许可证,执照 permission n. 许可,准许,允许 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 with/without one's permission=with/without the permission of sb. (不)在某人的允许下 【即学即练】 (1)She refused to ______________________.她拒不同意。 (2)Do you have a driver's ______?你有驾驶执照吗? (3)_______________, we'll go out for a picnic.时间允许,我们就去野餐。 (4)The policeman ________________________ there. =The policeman _______________________________ there.警察允许他在那里停车。 3.spot vt. 发现,认出;点缀 n. 斑点;污点;地点 【即学即练】 on the spot 当场,当下 put sb. on the spot 使某人尴尬,使某人为难 a scenic/historic spot 风景名胜/古迹 (1)This is the spot ______ the two trucks collided.这儿就是那两辆卡车相撞的地点。 (2)How did you _______________________ on your face?你脸上怎么弄脏了一块? (3)The teacher graded our test papers _________________.老师当场就给我们的试卷打了分。 (4)The ink has ________________ my clean shirt.墨水把我的干净衬衫弄脏了。 (5)My father ____________ several spelling mistakes in my composition.我父亲在我的作文里发现了好 几处拼写错误。 4.account n. 说明;理由;计算;账目;报道 vi. & vt. 认为;说明;总计有 account for 说明(原因等);作出解释 on account of 由于,因为 on no account 决不(置于句首时,句子用部分倒装) on any account 无论如何 take account of=take...into consideration 考虑…… 【即学即练】 (1)He could not _______________ his foolish mistake.他无法解释他所犯的愚蠢错误。 (2)Give us ________________________ what happened.跟我们说一下到底发生了什么。 (3)She retired early ______________________ ill health.她体弱多病,所以提前退休。
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 2 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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(4)The company _____________________ environmental issues wherever possible. 只要有可能,这家公司会考虑到环境问题。 提示:表示否定意义的 on no account 放在句首时,句子应用部分倒装。如: On no account should you go there. 你绝对不可以到那里去。 5.seek (sought, sought) vt. & vi. 寻找;探索;追求 seek one’s fortune 追求财富;碰运气 seek (after/for) sth. 寻找某物;追求某物 seek sth. from sb.向某人寻求某事 seek to do sth.(=try/attempt to do sth.)试图/企图做某事 【即学即练】 (1)He is ______ (=asking for) a job.他正在找工作。 (2)The boy ___________________________ his teacher.这个男孩向他的老师请教。 (3)He is the man who is always ____________________.他是个始终追求真理的人。 (4)They are ___________________ us. 他们试图误导我们。 6.bring up 抚养;培养;教育;提出 (1)She has _______________ five children.她养育了五个孩子。 (2)These are matters that you can ________________ in committee.这些问题你可在委员会中提出。 拓展: bring about 引起;致使;造成;达成 bring forward 提出;出示;展示 bring along/on 带来 bring out 揭露;显示,解释;出版 bring back 使记起;归还;恢复 bring to (oneself) 使复苏 bring down 使减低;降低;挫伤(傲气) bring in 引进;引来;赚得 bring forth 产生;产出;生产 7.go ahead 前进;(用于祈使句)可以;往下说;说吧;干吧 go ahead with 开始做某事 ahead of 在…… 之前;超过 press ahead with 加紧进行,推行 【即学即练】 写出下列句中 go ahead 的意思。 (1)If you think you can settle the problem, go ahead.____________ (2)The police examined the cars and allowed them to go ahead.______________________ (3)—I'm afraid I have to trouble you with a question.—Go ahead. _______________ (4)The government intends to go ahead with its privatization plans.____________________ 8.on the contrary 正相反,反之(表示相反意见) on the other hand 另一方面(说明问题的另一方面) contrary to... 与……相反;违反,对抗 to the contrary 与此相反地 【即学即练】 (1)The boy was swimming in a direction _______________ the current. 那男孩逆流游去。 (2)You didn't bother me. __________, I like your company. 你没有打扰我。 相反地, 我喜欢有你做伴。
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 3 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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(3)Although Bill was going to the movies, he told Jack _______________________. 虽然比尔要去看电影,但是他告诉杰克,说他不去。 9.take a chance 冒险;试图做某事;碰运气 take a chance=take one’s chance=take chances by chance/accident 偶然;碰巧 Chances are(that)可能性是…… There is a slim/slight chance that...不大可能…… 【即学即练】 (1)You should never ___________________ when driving a car.开车时千万别冒险。 (2)We hadn’t planned to meet. We met ______________.我们原未打算相见,是偶然遇见的。 (3)_________________________ she’s already heard the news.可能她已经听到那则消息了。 10.as for 关于;至于 (1)___________ __ the cause of the fire, I don't know anything.至于火灾的原因,我一点也不知道。 (2)We had a wonderful time in the country. _________ the traffic, we had no difficulty. 我们在乡下度过了一个愉快的周末。至于交通,我们没遇到任何困难。 拓展:as for 与 as to 都是短语介词,意思相近,都是“至于,关于;就……而言,就……来说”之意。 as with“与……一样”。 As to the journey, we must decide about that later.至于旅行,我们必须以后再作决定。 Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1.Well, towards nightfall I found myself carried_out to sea by a strong wind.哎,傍晚时分,我发现 自己被一阵大风刮到了大海上。 (1)“find oneself+宾语补足语” ,意为“(突然)发现自己??” 。 ①When he came to, he found himself in a deserted island. 他醒来后,发现自己在一个荒凉的岛上。 ②On hearing this, I found myself in an embarrassing position. 听到这后, 我突然发现自己处在很尴尬的 境地。 (2)find oneself doing sth. 突然发现或惊奇地发现自己在做某事,表示吃惊或不相信等情感。 ①Dick found himself walking in the direction of Mike's place. 迪克突然发现自己在朝迈克家的方向走 去。 ②When he came to, he found himself lying in the hospital.他醒来后,发现自己躺在了医院里。 (3)find oneself done (突然)发现自己被……;不知不觉中发现自己被…… Then I found myself surrounded by half a dozen boys.然后我就发现自己已被六个男孩围住了。 【即学即练】 Toward ______ sunset, he found himself ______ to a deserted island. A.the; taken B./; taken C.the; taking D./; taking 2.The next morning _I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早上,我正感到绝望的时候,一艘船发现了我。 had just done...when...刚做完某事,这时?? be doing...when...正在做??这时??
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 4 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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be about to do...when...正要做??这时?? be on the point of doing...when...正要做??这时?? ①I had just gone to bed when the telephone rang.我刚上床睡觉,这时电话响了。 ②He was reading newspapers when he heard his name called.他正在读报,这时听到有人叫他的名字。 ③I was about to go out when an unexpected visitor came.我正要出门,一位不速之客来访了。 【即学即练】 I had finished my homework and ______ watch the Olympics when the power was cut off. A.was going to B.was about to C.was to D.would 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 您什么时候想来, 您想吃点什么, 你就一定要来呀! (1)whenever, wherever, however 引导让步状语从句,相当于 no matter when/where/how。 (2)whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever 既可引导名词性从句, 也可引导让步状语从句, 在引导让 步状语从句时相当于 no matter what/who/which/whom。 (3)“no matter+疑问词”只能引导让步状语从句,可放在主句前或主句后。 (4)however 的用法主要有以下三点需要注意: ①用做连接副词, 相当于 no matter how, 引导让步状语从句, 意思是“不管怎样……; 无论如何……”, 具体结构为: however+形容词/副词+主语+谓语。例如: However rich people are, they always seem anxious to make more money. 无论人们有多富裕,他们似乎总是渴望挣到更多的钱。 ②用做连词,表示“不管用什么方法”。 ③however 还可作“然而”讲,是副词,不能引导从句,常用逗号隔开。 (5)whichever, whatever 在句中还可做定语。 Eat whichever cake you like.你可以吃任何一块你想吃的蛋糕。 【即学即练】 (1)(2008· 辽宁)______ hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. A.Whatever B.Whenever C.Wherever D.However (2)______team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A.No matter what B.No matter which C.Whatever D.Whichever

Book3 Unit3 语言点学习

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广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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易 错 点 拨 自我完善· 误区备考 1. scene/scenery/view/sight (1)scene 指展现在眼前的情景,也可以指 scenery 的一部分,指某处小范围的景色,大多包括景物 中的人及活动,可译为“情景”“景色”“场面”“(戏剧)一场”。 (2)scenery 是总称,指大范围的自然风光,是由多个 scene 构成的景色,常译为“景色”“风景”。 (3)view 是指人从一定的角度(或从远处或从高处等)所看到的景象,还有“观点”“看法”等意思。 (4)sight 是眼睛所看到的景象, 可以指美丽的风景, 也可以指悲惨的景象, 其复数形式 sights 表示“名 胜古迹,人文景观”等。 【即学即练】 用 scene, scenery, view, sight 的适当形式填空。 (1)As we climbed higher, a wonderful ______ opened out before us. (2)The next day we returned to the ______ of the accident. (3)The ______ of the play is a kitchen. (4)The Great Wall is one of the most breathtaking ______ in the world. (5)The autumn __________ of Beijing is charming. (6)Do you remember the ______ in the play where Susan meets Alan for the first time? 2. manner/method/way/means 这四个词均有“方法;方式”的意思。 (1)manner 指个人的、独特的或有特色的“方法;方式”,常与 in 连用。 (2)method 指合理的或系统的“方法”,包括抽象的观念和具体的步骤,如为完成教学、调查、医疗等 各项工作而采取的一系列步骤或方法,常与 with 连用。 (3)means 指为达到某种目的而采取的“手段”或“方法”,常与 by 连用。 (4)way 为普通用语,可以代替 method, manner 或 means,但 why 更富有表达力,常与 in 连用。 【即学即练】 (1)He invented a new __________ of teaching English. (2)I don’t like his ___________ of walking. (3)There is/are no ____________ of getting there. (4)You can finish it by this _______________. (5)There are a lot of ________________ to make friends. 3. ~ever 与 no matter wh~的用法 (1)In peace,too,the Red Cross is expected to send help______there is human suffering. A.whoever B.however C.whatever D.wherever (2) All the books I have are here. You may borrow ______ you like. A.whatever B.whichever C.whenever D.however (3)He tried his best to solve the problem, ______difficult it was. A. however B. no matter C. whatever D. although
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 6 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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(4)______,I have to put it away and focus my attention on study this week. A. However the story is amusing B. No matter amusing the story is C. However amusing the story is D. No matter how the story is amusing 高考链接——单项选择(选择最佳答案) 1.As soon as ______ concert film This Is It was released on October 28th, it became ______ great success in all big cinemas across the planet. A.a; the B.the; a C.the; / D.a; a 2.It is bad ______ to talk with your finger ______ at the other person. A.manners; points B.manner; to point C.manners; pointing D.manner; pointed 3.When the murderer______to run away, the police came. A.sought B.risked C.dared D.thought 4.—Do you think that housing price will keep ______ in the years to come? —Sorry, I have no idea. A.lifting up B.going up C.bringing up D.growing up 5.When the thief found the police had already ______ him, he ran away quickly. A.realized B.known C.spotted D.stared 6.—Jimmy had a lot of parties recently. —Yes, that might ______ why he didn't do well in the test. A.sum up B.add up to C.account for D.make sense of 7.Because of ______ mail we receive, we may not be able to reply to your letter. Please remember to include your full name with your letter. A.a great many of B.a large number of C.the large amount of D.a great plenty of 8.-I regret to you the other day. -Forget it. I was a bit say that I ______ have shouted at out of control myself. A.shouldn't B.mustn't C.couldn't D.mightn't 9.______me, I don't like this ______ novel. A.As with; latest B.As with; newest C.As for; latest D.As with; newest 10.There is much chance ______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A.that B.what C.when D.which 11.The little boy came riding at full speed down the motorway on his bicycle. ______ it was!
Book3 Unit3 语言点学习 第 7 页 共 8 页

广灵一中 2013-2014 高一英语必修 3 学案

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A.What a dangerous scene B.What dangerous a scene C.How a dangerous scene D.How dangerous the scene 12.______ if you passed the exam you would receive a reward was telling lies. A.Whoever told you that B.Those who told you that C.No matter who told you D.Whoever that told you 13.The bill would ______ workers twelve weeks of unpaid leave for family emergencies. A.permit B.supply C.admit D.provide 14.When I came to myself, I found myself ______ and ______ a group of people. A.to be at hospital; surrounded by B.at hospital; surrounding C.at hospital; surrounded by D.at hospital; to be surrounded 15.—Would you mind my sitting here ______ lunch? —______. A.and have; No, not at all B.and having; No, thank you C.to have; Never, go ahead D.and have; Oh, it's my pleasure

Book3 Unit3 语言点学习

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