高中英语语法填空专练 阅读下面短文，根据上下文填入适当的词语，或使用括号中的词 语的适当形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位置。 （1） In the United States, there were 222 people 1.__________（report）to be billionaires （亿万富翁） in 2003. The 2.__________of
these is Bill Gates, worth at least $ 41 billion, who made his money 3.__________starting the company Microsoft. Mr. Gates was only 21 years old 4.__________he first helped to set up the company in 1976. He was a billionaire 5. __________the time he was 30. 6.__________, there are still some other people who have made lots of money at even 7.__________（young）ages. Other young people who have struck it rich include Jackie Coogan and Shirley Temple. 8.__________of these child actors made over a million dollars 9.__________ （ act ） in movies before they were 14. But 10. __________ youngest billionaire is Albert von Thurnund Taxis of Germany, who, in 2001, inherited （继承）a billion dollars when he turned 18!
（2） Finishing their shopping at the mall, a couple discovered that their new car 1.__________ （steal） . They filed a report 2.__________the police station and a detective drove them 3.__________to the parking lot to look for evidence.
To their 4.__________ （ amaze ） , the car had been returned 5.__________there was a note in it that said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to rush her to the 6.__________. Please forget the inconvenience. There are two tickets
7.__________tonight's Mania Twain concert.” Their faith in humanity restored. The couple attended
8.__________concert. But when they returned home, they immediately found. 9.__________their house had been ransacked （洗劫）. On the bathroom mirror was 10.__________note: “I have to put my kid through college somehow, don't I?”
（3） People 1.__________ （live） in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen hundred 2.__________in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, contains four 3.__________ five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 4.__________these. To read short stories you need to know only about two thousand words. 5.__________you leave school, you will learn only one thousand or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary 6.__________ （big） . Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books 7.__________（write）in easy English. You will
8.__________new word, look it
9.__________in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your 10.__________ （much）useful book.
（4） When you are in England you must be very careful in the streets 1.__________the traffic drives on the left. Before you cross a street you must look to the right first 2.__________then the left. In the morning and in the evening when people go to or come from 3.__________, the streets are very busy. Traffic is most 4.__________（danger）then. When you go by bus in England, you have to be careful, 5.__________. Always remember the traffic moves on the left. So you must be careful. 6.__________ （ have ） a look first, or you will go 7.__________wrong way. In many English cities, there are big buses 8.__________two floors. You can sit on the 9.__________ （two） floor. From 10.__________you can see the city very well. It’s very interesting.
（5） 1.__________artist had a small daughter. Sometimes he painted women 2.__________any clothes on, and he and his 3.__________always tried to keep the small girl out 4.__________he was doing this, “She is
5.__________young to understand,” they said. But one day, when the artist 6.__________（paint）a woman with no clothes on, he forgot to lock the door, and the girl suddenly ran into the room. He mother ran up the stairs 7.__________her, but when she got to the room, the little girl was already in the room and looking at the woman 8.__________her parents waited for her to speak. For a few seconds the little girl said 9.__________, but then she ran to her mother and said 10.__________ （angry） , “Why do you let her go about without shoes and socks on when you don’t let me?”
（6） Most Americans don’t like to get advice 1.__________ members of their family. They get advice from “2.__________ （strange） ”. When they need advice, they don’t usually go to people they know.
3.__________many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines 4.__________ give advice on many different subjects 5.__________ （include） family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, 6.__________ even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers 7.__________（regular）print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are 8.__________written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, 9.__________are lawyers or educators. But two
of the most famous writers of advice are women without special 10.__________（train）for this kind of work.
（7） Without proper planning, tourism can cause 1.__________. For example, too many tourists can crowd public places 2.__________are also enjoyed by the inhabitants（居民）of a country. If tourism create too much traffic, the inhabitants will become 3.__________（annoy）and unhappy. They begin to dislike tourists 4.__________to treat them impolitely. They forget how much tourism can help the country’s economy 5.__________is important to think about the people of a destination country and 6.__________tourism affects them. Tourism should help
7.__________country keep the customs and beauty that attracts tourists. Tourism should also advance the wealth and 8.__________ （happy） of local inhabitants. Too much tourism can be a problem. If tourism 9.__________（grow） too quickly, people must leave other jobs to work 10.__________the tourism industry. This means that other parts of the country’s economy can suffer.
（8） London was awarded 1.__________2012 Olympic Games on
Wednesday, 2.__________（defeat）European rival Paris in the final round of voting to take the games back to British capital 3.__________the first time since 1948. 4.__________Moscow, New York and Madrid were eliminated （淘 汰）in the first three rounds London beat Paris 54—50 on the fourth ballot （投票表决）of the IOC. In London crowds cheered and waved flags as 5.__________watched the announcement from Singapore 6.__________a giant screen in Trafalgar Square and in the east London area 7.__________the main Olympic complex （建筑群）will be based. Blair spent two days in lobbying （ 游 说 ） in Singapore 8.__________leaving to host the G8 summit （8 国峰会） in Scotland. “My promise to you is we will be your very 9.__________ （good）partners,” Blair said. It’s the fourth bid （申办）from Britain after 10.__________（fail） attempts by Birmingham for the 1992 Olympics and Manchester for the 1996 and 2000.
（9） Why is setting goals so 1.__________? Because goals can help you do, be, and experience everything 2.__________you want in life. Instead 3.__________just letting life happen to you, goals allow 4.__________to
make your life happen. 5.__________ （success） and happy people have sets lots of goals to help them reach their aims. By setting goals you are taking control of your life. It’s 6.__________having a map to show you 7.__________you want to go. Winners in life set goals and follow through with them. Winners decide what they want in life and then get there by making plans and 8.__________ （set）goals. Unsuccessful people just let life happen by accident. Goals aren’t difficult to set, and 9.__________aren’t difficult to reach. It is up to you to find out what your goals really are. You are 10.__________one who must decide what to do and in what direction to aim your life.
（10） We often think of future. We often wonder 1.__________the world will be like a hundred years’ time. Think of 2.__________space. Perhaps a permanent station on the moon 3.__________ （set up） . Perhaps people will be able to visit the moon as 4.__________. Cheap rockets for space travel will have been developed, 5. __________（permit）long journeys through the solar system. When that time comes, people will be taking holidays in space and visiting 6.__________planets. Great progress will have been made 7.__________ medicine, too. Pollution will have been controlled in a hundred years’ time.
8.__________the world will have been developed—even Antarctica. We will have used up most of the earth’s land to build our cities, 9.__________floating cities will have been built. The Japanese have already plans of this kind. And there will be cities 10.__________the sea.
（11） Once upon a time there was a rich merchant 1.__________ had 4 wives. He loved the 4th wife the most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing 2.__________ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very much. He was very 3 .__________ （pride） of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved his 2nd wife. She is 4 .__________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the merchant’s close friend. 5.__________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd wife and 6.__________ would always help him out and tide（帮助渡 过）him 7.__________ difficult times. Now, the merchant’s 1st wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 8.__________ （contribute）in maintaining his wealth and business as well as 9.__________ （take）care of the household. 10.__________, the merchant did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her.
（12） There once were a goat and a donkey 1.__________ lived on a farm.
The donkey worked the hardest so the farmer fed it the most 2.__________. Sometimes the donkey was given more food 3.__________ it could eat. This made the goat so jealous 4.__________ it began plotting against （谋划 对付） the donkey. "Hey, donkey," the goat said one day. "I think you do too much work on this farm. You carry such heavy things from morning to night. Why don't you pretend 5.__________ （get） sick so you can take a day 6.__________?'' The donkey thought the goat had a great idea. So the next morning, the donkey lay in the stable（畜栏）on its side with its eyes 7.__________ （ close ） . Right away, the farmer called the doctor. 8.__________ looking at the donkey, the doctor said it needed a special medicine made 9.__________ the heart of a goat. So the farmer killed 10.__________goat and gave the donkey medicine made from its heart. （13） Dawn graduated several years ago. She 1.__________ （ be ） a successful model, and finding a job had not been a 2.__________—until recently . When Dawn did start trying to find another type of 3.__________, she found in interview after interview that computer literacy（能力）was a must to 4.__________（employ）. Since Dawn had always been afraid 5.__________ learning computer while in college—our school didn't require to learn computer at that time—she managed to get a degree 6.__________ ever confronting（面对）
a computer. Finally, after months of searching for a job, Dawn failed. She had to admit that sidestepping （回避） computer literacy （读写能力） hadn't been a good idea. 7.__________, She enrolled in a computer course at 8.__________adult vocational school. 9.__________（surprise）, although she had been afraid of learning computer, she took to computers 10.__________much that after about a year she opened her own computer-based business.
（14） Some day,1.__________you are lucky, you may see a bongo （大羚羊） . But the only way most people will see it is in a 2.__________. They are found in Africa, 3.__________ they live deep in forests. Even in Africa, very few people ever get to see a bongo. The bongo does not come out of the forest very often. It is an animal that keeps to 4.__________. The bongo has beautiful coloring. Its hair is bright brown 5.__________ （mix）with orange and red. Down its back and across its sides the bongo has yellow-white strips （条纹） . Animals that look 6.__________ food at night usually have big eyes. This helps them see 7. __________ （good）at night. The forests in which bongos live are very dark. The eyes of bongos are very big. So, they have no trouble 8.__________ （live）in the darkness.
Bongos in zoos do not like to go outside on 9.__________days. They only go outside on those days 10.__________ it is dark or very cloudy.
（15） Gandhi, an Indian national hero, was honored 1.__________ the father of the Indian nation. He has been respected and beloved by the Indians. He was born in India in 1869. Following the local custom, he got 2.__________（marry）at the age of 13. In 1888 he sailed to England, 3.__________ he studied law for three years and became a lawyer. On his return to India, he was sent to South Africa to work on a law case. In South Africa he 4.__________ （surprise）to find that the problem of racial discrimination （种族歧视）was serious. There he formed an organization and started a magazine to fight 5.__________ equal rights. Gandhi returned to India in 1915, 6.__________ India was controlled by the British. He led the Indians to fight for an end to the British rule and 7.__________ （depend）for his country. In the political movement many Indians including Gandhi were put in prison. 8.__________, the struggles never stopped. The British government had to give 9.__________and India won its independence in 1947. 10.__________ （fortunate） Gandhi was shot by an Indian who opposed his views and died on January 30th, 1948.
Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, 1.__________some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was very pleased with 2.__________when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to 3.__________ for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was 4.__________to find the neighbor’s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat 5.__________ it was too late. That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed 6.__________four o’clock. After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired 7.__________ happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window when she saw the nei ghbor’s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What 8.__________happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family doctor for help. The doctor liked each guest 9.__________ （meet）him. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired but not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. 10.__________ was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden….”
（17） Nowadays, almost everyone 1.__________（realize）that smoking is 2._________ （harm） to people’s health. Sometimes it 3.__________ causes
fire. In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of 4.__________. It’s bad news for the health of nation. It’s known that smoking can cause different kinds of disease. Every year, many people die 5.__________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money to look 6.__________ these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those 7._________ don’t smoke, 8.__________ （ especial ） to children and women. In a word, smoking is no good. 9.__________ you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases 10.__________ the fires that destroy people’s lives and properties!
（18） Many people like to 1._________ the latest newspaper. But 2.__________ is it produced so quickly? The most important man may be 3.__________ chief editor. He decides 4.__________ to do. Every morning the 5.__________ （journal） are sent to report the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people 6.__________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends photographer to take the 7.__________ they need. Later in the day, they pass the stories and the 8.__________
（develop）photos to the editor. The chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. 9.__________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. 10.__________ the newspaper is printed and delivered to different places.
（19） With the 1.__________ （develop）of industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because 2.__________ air pollution. Air pollution is caused by the following 3.__________: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off 4.__________（poison）gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health 5.__________ to others. 6.__________ these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons. We should take some measures to fight 7.__________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take 8.__________ place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the 9.__________（important）of environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will 10.__________ （solve）.
（20） Recently, a website has carried 1.__________ a survey about the common view on graduates 2.__________ Beijing University. 28% of the interviewed companies think that they 3.__________ （satisfy）with the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates in their companies have a wide range of 4.__________（know） and they learn things very quickly and easily. 5.__________, most of the companies don’t think much of graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick 6.__________ their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit 7.__________ they are working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs even with big companies, and they usually ask too 8.__________. As a result, 34% of the companies insist that 9.__________ will not employ graduates from Beijing University. In brief, society and even the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That’s 10.__________ a graduate claims that he is rubbish.
（21） As soon as I returned from the USA, I called 1. Lily, one of my
neighbours. I dialed several times, but I still could not get 2.__________ it. “Is it her telephone out of 3.__________ or 4.__________she changed the
number?” I thought. “She used to help me greatly when I was in need of her. She is a kind lady, 5.__________ is thought highly of by others. Anyway , I must go to see her this time.” The next morning, 6.__________ wind was blowing hard. 7.__________ （Regard）of the bad weather, I went to the shop, buying some presents. Then I took a taxi and drove to her home. I arrived ten minutes later. I knocked at the door. Out came an old lady. “Is Lily’s home here?” I asked her. “Oh, you are Tony!” The lady cried 8.__________ amazement. “I myself am Lily!” “Is she Lily? She is much 9. .__________than Lily!” It’s my turn to be shocked this time. I starred at her for several minutes. “My God! She is Lily, 10.__________ can one person change so much?”
（22） An idea to cycle to Tibet occurred 1.__________ me one year ago. I know it’s quite practical in economical 2.__________. For one thing, I can’t have too much money. For another, it is bound 3.__________（do） me good because I can take 4.__________ fresh air on the way there. I called Tom, who had borrowed me a sum of money, telling him my idea. He was excited at my words and promised to 5. off his debt as soon
as possible. He also offered to team 6.__________ with me. 7. .__________（Apparent）, he also showed great interest in this trip. Five months before our trip, we kept taking exercise and built up our strong
bodied 8.__________ we knew it would be impossible to realize or dream without being healthy. I used to hear that some people making a trip there died from 9.__________ lack oxygen—they 10.__________ devote their lives to their dream! But the cost is too much. So both of us insisted on running in the morning from time to time.
（23） I went to the seaside to spend my holiday last summer holiday with my family. One day, I was swimming in the river 1.__________ someone shouted, “Look out. There is a shark not far away!” on hearing the shout, I was scared to 2.__________ because I was well aware 3.__________ its dangerous characteristic. “Just don’t worry, Tom!” my father said to me, “but in order to avoid being harmed, let’s go back to our hotel.” We stayed in the seaside for about two weeks. Though the weather was 4.__________ hotter than that in my hometown, I got used to
5.__________and 6.__________ at home. Every morning, I got up earlier than my parents and went for breakfast ahead of time. Then I went to have 7.__________ chat with my new friend, John, who I happened to come 8.__________ during my holiday. John was a native and he was familiar with the seaside well. He was a man with good 9.__________ （quality）. Soon we became very good friends. After we parted, we have been kept writing to each other. Now, I still often hear from him. We talked in our
letter about things and persons 10.__________ we remembered in the seaside.
（24） Tom is a boy with physical 1.__________（disable）and he can’t walk as 2.__________ normal boy. In order to offer him more convenience, his mother bought him a robot 3.__________ name is Jimmy yesterday. Jimmy accompanies Tom every day after his parents leave for work, 4.__________ （ take ） care of him. Tom suffers from a rare disease. He can’t 5.__________ （动词短语）. Instead, he has to sit on an armchair all the day. Jimmy show sympathy to Tom and tries his best to make him happy. Some days ago, he took Tom to the park. He tried to protect him from being harmed. He gave Tom encouragement to have a try to walk. So Tom 6.__________. But to Jimmy’s disappointment, Tom sell on the ground, causing some other boys nearby to make fun 7.__________ him. “Don’t laugh at the disabled!” Jimmy turned 8.__________, warning those boys. They felt sorry and ran away immediately. The next day, Jimmy took Tom to the park once again. This time, Tom was 9.__________ to the circumstance and didn’t feel clumsy（笨拙的）any longer. He gets back his own confidence 10.__________ he is still a disabled boy.
参考答案 （ 1 ） 1. reported when 5. by 6. However the （ 2 ） 1. had been stolen amazement 5. and 7.for 8. the 9. that 3. or 10. another 4. all 5. 2. at 3. back 4. 7. younger 8. Both 9. acting 10. 2. richest/wealthiest 3. by 4.
6. hospital （ 3 ） 1. living Before 6. bigger 7. written （4）1. because too 6. Have 7. the （5） 1. An
8. a 2. and
10. most 3. work 4. dangerous 5.
8. with 2. without
9. second 3. wife
10. there 4. when/while 8. Both 9. nothing 5. too 10.
6. was painting angrily （6） 1. from including 6. and training
（7） 1. problems It 6. how 7. a （ 8 ） 1. the they 6. on 7. where （ 9 ） 1. important Successful 6. like
9. grows 3. for
10. in 4. After 5.
8. before 2. that
9. best 10 failed 3. of 4. yourself 5.
7. where （ 10 ） 1 what tourists/visitors/travelers
8. setting 2. /
10. the 4.
3. will have been set up
5. permitting so/thus/therefore 10. under
（ 11. ） 1 who When/Whenever 7. through （12） 1. that off 7. closed 6. she
8. contributions 2. food 3. than
9. taking 4. that
10. However 5. to get 6.
9. from 2. problem
10. his/the 3. job 4.
（ 13 ） 1 had been employment 5. of 6. without
Surprisingly （14） 1. if for 7. better
10. so 2. zoo 3. where 4. itself 5. mixed 6.
8. living （15）1 as for 6. when Unfortunately （16）1. invited before 6. till/until
9. bright 2. married
10. when 3. where 4. was surprised 5.
8. would 2. harmful
9. to meet 3. even
10. It 4.
（ 17 ） 1 has realized cigarettes 5. of/from 6. after 7. who
8. especially 2. how 3. the
10. and 4. what 5.
（ 18 ） 1. read journalists 6. or 7. pictures/photos
8. developed 2. of
10. Finally 4.
（ 19 ） 1 development poisonous 5. but（also） 6. Besides be solved （ 20 ） 1. out 2. from 7. against
3. are satisfied
knowledge 6. to
5. However 7. when/while 2. through 8. much9 they 3. order 10. why 4. has 5.
（ 21 ） 1. up who 6. the 7. Regardless （22）1. to up 7. apparently 8. because （23）1. when felt 7. a 8. across （24） 1. disability up 6. did 7. of
9. older 10. How 3. to do 4. in 5. pay 6.
9. the 2. death
10. did 3. of 4. much 5. it 6.
9. qualification 2 a
10. that 4. taking 5. stand
9. adaptable/ used