The inversion(倒装句) 意义：将句子某个或某些成分移至句首并引起主语和谓语的颠倒。 结构：倒装分两种，即完全倒装和部分倒装。 完全倒装句式：提前成分+______________ +主语 部分倒装句式：提前成分+____________ +主语+__________ 1． 完全倒装 （1） e.g. 状语 Here/There/Now/Then+be/come/go
+主语 (名词) 置于句首时，若主语是人称代词时不可倒装。 仅用于一般现在时和一般过去时。 1 Here______________. Let’s be ready.车来了让我们准备好。 2 3 4 There ______________and the class came to its end.下课铃响了，课到这里结束。 那时老板来了。_______________________ 你的信。_____________________________
_______________ a weather station. 4 A big policeman walked round the corner. ______________a big policeman. 5 The good smell of the flowers came through the window . ______________________the good smell of the flowers.
提前部分 + 情态/助 + s. + v.
(1) 否定副词 never, seldom, rarely, hardly, scarcely, not, no, nor, little, in no way,at no time, by no means, under no circumstances, in no case，on no account ，in /under no circumstances 等否定词 e.g.He made few mistakes in the test. Few mistakes did he make in the test. He seldom goes out for dinner. = She hardly has time to listen to music. = He little realizes how important this meeting is. = He make not a single mistake = I have never heard such a thing before. = e.g. Under no circumstances will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. e.g 没什么地方能找到一家更好的餐馆 __________________________________________________ 。 典型例题 1) Why can't I smoke here? At no time___ in the meeting-room A. is smoking permitted C. smoking is it permitted (2) Not only+助+主+谓 B. D. smoking is permitted does smoking permit
5 现在轮到你了._____________________________ 6 村前有一条河____________a railway in front of the village 如果主语是代词，则不倒装，例如：Here it goes. Now it comes.
(2) 状语 up, down, in, out, away,off 等置于句首时，句子采用全部倒装的语序。仅用于一般现在时和一般过去 时。例如： e.g. Up_________ the fireworks.烟火飞了起来。 The door opened and ____________Mrs. Johnson.门开了，约翰逊进来了。 The bird flew out when I opened the cage door. ________________________when I opened the cage door. The boys ran off to the playground. _________________to the playground The tree fell down when the typhoon blew. __________________ when the typhoon blew. 这时，主语须是名词。如果主语是代词，尽管在句首有这些副词，仍不倒装，例如： Off they ran to the school. Up it flew to the sky. (3 、地点状语提前，放在句首时: ①表示方向位置的名词短语（通常由 north, south, west, east 构成）放在句首时； ②表示地点的介词短语提前时且谓语动词为 stand, sit, hang, lie, come, walk 等。 例如：1 At the foot of the mountain lies a village.
but also+正常句 when+正常句
No sooner+had +主+done than+正常句 Hardly/ Scarcely+had +主+done Not until , 助+主+谓
An old woman lay on the bed who was obviously ill. ________________who was obviously ill.
3 A weather station stands at the top of the hill .
Not until midnight/ his mother came back did he finish his homework. The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep. -1-
__________________________________________________________ 直到他告诉我. 我才知道真相 ______________________________________________ 铃一响, 门就打开了 ____________________________________________ _____________________________________________ They not only brought drinks but also they also brought cards. __________________________________________________ 注意:当 not only… but also…连接并列主语时不用倒装。 如 Not only you but also I am fond of music。
e.g. We are planning to buy a house in Pudong. So are we. He takes no interest in picnicking. Neither/ Nor do we. “Jennifer can swim well.” “ Alice knows how to play the violin and If you don’t agree to our plan, they. my sisters.” Peter.
. 注意：so 用于上下文为肯定时，而 neither 或 nor 用于上下文否定时，但上文谈到关于一个人或事物的不同 侧面时，则应使用 So it is/was with 或 It is/was the same with 结构。 I am a student and I study hard，so it is with my sister. 如果 so 引出的句子是用来对上文内容加以证实或肯定，则不用倒装语序。这时的意思为“是这样，的确如
No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily. A. the game began C. did the game begin A. man did know B. D. has the game begun had the game begun C. didn't man know D. did man know
此” ，例如： “It was very cold last winter.” “So it was.” The professor asked me to read the book and so I did. 典型例题 ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother? ---I don't know, _____. A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither (6) adj./adv./v./n.+as/though+主+谓 “尽管” 让步状从
Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is. B. man know
D. I don't care also
(3)Only + 状语(adv./prep 短语/ 状从), 主句部分倒装 e.g He realized he was wrong only then/ at that time . Only________________________ he was wrong. e g I feel at home only in my house.. ______________________I feel at home. e.g we can believe only when we see it with our own eyes. _______________________________________________. _______________________________________________ 只有这样，你才能学好英语。 (4)So/ Such+adj./adv.+助+主+谓…that。 e.g. He was so frightened that he was speechless for a momen _________________________that he was speechless for a moment. 他是如此的害怕以至于他一时讲不出话来。 e.gSuch a humorous man is he that everyone likes to be around him. e.gHe wrote so carelessly that he made a lot of mistakes. _________________________________________ e.g 他跑得如此快以至于没人赶上他 ___________________________________________ (5)So/ Neither/Nor +助+主+谓 …也是/ 也不是 -2意。 Eg.尽管年轻________________, he knows a lot. Eg. Although she is a girl, she is brave. ______________________________________ Although we tried much , we failed it. ______________________________________ 9、使用虚拟语气的条件句中可省略 if，而将 were/had/should 提到主语前，构成部分倒装。 it to snow tomorrow, I would not go. you come earlier, you would have seen him. I you, I would take the job. 历年高考题：倒装句 1.（2011全国卷I 22）Try____ she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. A. if B. when C. sine D. as as / though 引导的让步从句必须将表语或状语提前（形容词, 副词, 分词, 实义动词提前） 。但需注意： 1） 句首名词不能带任何冠词。 2） 句首是实义动词, 其他助动词放在主语后。如果实义动词有宾语和状语，随实义动词一起放在 主语之前。例如： Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. 他工作很努力，但总不能让人满
2.（2011 全国卷 I 28）Only when he reached the tea-house ______it was the same place he’d been in last year. A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 3.（2011 福建卷 29）—It’s nice. Never before____ such a special drink! —I’m glad you like it. A.I have had A. they reached A. a girl did stand China. A. lies Chongqing 7.（09 安徽） A. It has A. voices had come B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing C. It remains C. voices would come D. does Chongqing lie a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. B. They have B. came voices D. There remains all shouting together. D. did voices come B. I had B. did they reach B. a girl stood C. have I had C. they reach C. did a girl stand D. had I D. do they reach D. stood a girl 4.（2011 湖南卷 32）Only after they had discussed the matter for a few hours _______a decision 5.（10 陕西）John opened the door. There _____ he had never seen before. 6.（10 重庆）At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in
A. I was neither 18.（08 江苏） A. Only if; will you C. Unless; will you A. he will either C. he neither will —Super! Rarely A. a debate attracted C. a debate did attract 21.（07 安徽）Little business. A. he realized C. didn’t he realize 22.（07 陕西）
B. neither was I you eat the correct foods
C. I was either
D. either was I
be able to keep fit and stay healthy.
B. Only if; you will D. Unless; you will .? B. neither will he? D. either he will so much media attention.? B. did a debate attract? D. attracted a debate that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this B. he didn’t realize? D. did he realize that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere.? B. So successful was her business D. So was her successful business B. As it might sound strange? D. Strange as it might sound so lonely as now. C. I have felt D. had I felt
19.（07 全国Ⅱ）If Joe’s wife won’t go to the party,
20.（07 上海）—How was the televised debate last night? ?
8.（09 福建）For a moment nothing happened. Then
9.（09 海南）The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only ________, but students became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers’ energy C. teachers’ energy was saved A. did the attack A. did Rose care A. Mum did go A. though was he B. the attack did B. Rose did care B. did Mum go B. though he was C. was the attack C. Rose does care C. went Mum C. he was though B. was teachers’ energy saved D. was saved teachers’ energy D. the attack was D. does Rose care D. Mum went D. was he though to return to their homes.
A. So successful her business was? C. So her business was successful? 23.（07 重庆） A. Strange as might it sound? C. As strange it might sound? A. have I felt — A. So is mine —No, no sooner A. had she gone C. has she gone 27.（06 浙江） A. Only 28.（06 福建 A. So much — Yes. -3B. Just B. Too much? yesterday.? .? B. So mine is? B. I had felt?
, his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting.?
10.（09 山东）So sudden ________ that the enemy had no time to escape. 11.（09 陕西） Little about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself.
24.（07 辽宁）I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom 25.（07 江苏）—My room gets very cold at night. C. So does mine D. So mine does
12.（09 四川）Not until I came home last night ________ to bed. 13.（09 重庆）Unsatisfied _________with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. 14.（08 江西）It was announced that only when the fire was under control A. the residents would be permitted C. would the residents be permitted A. he stopped A. I realized B. did he stop B. I had realized B. had the residents been permitted D. the residents had been permitted repairing and cleaning it. D. he did stop D. did I realize how much I loved them. C. stopped he C. had I realized
26.（06 天津）—Did Linda see the traffic accident?? than it happened.? B. she had gone? D. she has gone by keeping down costs will Power Data hold its advantage over other companies.? C. Still C. Too little D. Yet D. So little homework did we have to do that we had no time to take a rest. ?
15.（08 陕西）Not until the motorbike looked almost new 16.（08 重庆）Only when I left my parents for Italy
29.（06 福建）— It’s burning hot today, isn’t it??
17.（08 辽宁）Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______.
A. So was it
B. So it was?
C. So it is
D. So is it with my progress.? B. is the teacher not satisfied? D. is the teacher satisfied these people are living in such poor conditions.
43. （04 上海） ______ snacks and drinks, but they also brought cards for entertainment when they had a picnic in the forest. A. Not only they brought C. Not only brought they A. there is A. I realized D. lying a village C. had I realized B. there are B. Not only did they bring D. Not only they did bring C. is there D. are there
30.（06 重庆）I’ve tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means A. the teacher is not satisfied? C. the teacher is satisfied? 31.（06 安徽）Never in my wildest dreams A. I could imagine? C. I couldn’t imagine A. a village lie A. she realized C. had she realized 34.（05 上海）Never before A. has this city been C. was this city A. have A. stand many lakes —Well, A. so was I — A. So she had B. did
44. （04 广东） Of the making of good books there is no end; neither ______ any end to their influence on man’s lives. 45.（04 重庆）I failed in the final examination last term and only then ____ the importance of studies. B. I had realized D. did I realize
B. could I imagine? D. couldn’t I imagine .? C. does a village lie
32.（06 四川）At the foot of the mountain B. lies a village? 33.（06 陕西）Only then
how much damage had been caused.? B. she had realized? D. did she realize in greater need of modern public transport than it is today. B. this city has been? D. this city was they know about German. D. do D. many lakes stand C. had 倒装句答案： 1-5 DDCBD 16-20 DBABB 31-35 BBDAD 6-10 ADBBC 21-25 DBDAC 36-40 BDCCB 11-15 ABBCB 26-30 AAAAD 41-45 BABCD
35.（05 天津）They have a good knowledge of English but little 36.（05 辽宁）In the dark forests 37.（05 湖北）—Father, you promised! ?
, some large enough to hold several English towns.
B. lie many lakes ? C. many lakes lie
.But it was you who didn’t keep your word first. B. so did I? and so did I. B. So had she? C. So she did .? B. he repaired the computer? D. the computer was repaired B. Quiet student as he may be ? D. Quiet as he may be a student D. So did she C. so I was D. so I did
38.（05 安徽）—Maggie had a wonderful time at the party.?
39.（05 福建）Only after my friend came A. did the computer repair? C. was the computer repaired? 40.（05 重庆） A. A quiet student as he may be? C. Be a quiet student as he may? — ______. A. Nor am I A. can you find B. Neither would I B. you could find
, he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class.?
41.（04 全国 III）— I would never ever come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible! C. Same with me C. you can find D. So do I D. could you find -4-
42.（04 辽宁）Maybe you have been to many countries, but nowhere else ______ such a beautiful palace.