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2014年高考英语分类汇编:单项填空(2014高考真题+模拟新题)


A1 名词 29. A1[2014· 安徽卷] —Why not buy a secondhand car first if you don't have enough money for a new one? —That's a good________. A.saying B.question C.suggestion D.account 29.C 考查名词词

义辨析。saying 谚语,格言,名言;question 问题,议题;suggestion 建议;account 账目,账户。“Why not do sth?”表示建议做某事。句意:“如果你的钱不 够买一辆新车,何不先买辆二手车?”“好建议!”故选 C。 26.A1[2014· 福建卷] —Could you tell me the________ of making such tasty cakes? —Well, I just follow the directions in the cookbook. A.feature B.plan C.cost D.trick 26.D 考查名词辨析。句意:“你能告诉我制作如此美味蛋糕的窍门吗?”“喔, 我只是按照食谱上的说明做的。”feature 特色,特征;plan 计划,方案;cost 费用,代价, 成本;trick 窍门,花招,诡计。根据句意可知选择 D 项。 27.A1[2014· 江苏卷] She was put under house arrest two years ago but remained a powerful ________ in last year's election. A.symbol B.portrait C.identity D.statue 27.A 考查名词词义辨析。句意:虽然 2 年前就已遭软禁,但她在去年的选举中仍然 是有影响力的象征。 symbol 象征, 标志; portrait 肖像, 描写; identity 身份, 同一性; statue 雕像,塑像。根据语境可知 A 项正确。 3. A1[2014· 天津卷] Wind is now the world's fastest growing ________ of power. A. source B. sense C. result D. root 3. A 考查名词。source 源泉,来源;sense 感觉,仪式;result 结果;root 根源,背景, 根。 句意:风现在是世界上增长最快的能源。 6.A1[2014· 浙江卷] We most prefer to say yes to the ________ of someone we know and like. A.attempts B.requests C.doubts D.promises 6.B 考查名词辨析。句意:对于我们熟悉和喜欢的人提出的要求,我们一般都会同 意的。request 请求,要求;attempt 企图,尝试;doubt 怀疑,疑惑;promise 允诺,承诺。 故选 B 项。 1.[2014·唐山一中二调] The ________ is just around the corner and you won't miss it. A.bicycle's shop B.bicycle shop C.bicycles shop D.bicycles' shop 1.B 考查名词作定语的用法。句意:那个自行车商店就在拐角处,你不会错过的。 名词作定语表示性质、功能等。故选 B 项。 【拓展延伸】 英语中有些名词没有其对应的同根形容词,这些名词可直接用作定语修 饰另一个名词。1.表示分类意义的:air pollution 空气污染;coffee cup 咖啡杯。2.表示时间、 地点、 称呼等的: Doctor Jack 杰克医生; Professor Li 李教授;evening school 夜校; country music 乡村音乐。3.表示目的、手段、来源、所属意义的:reception desk 接待台;stone table 石桌。4.在个别情况下,需用复数名词作定语: students reading room 学生阅览室;two men

doctors 两个男医生。 2.[2014· 安徽马鞍山二中期中] He had a headache and went to drugstore to get something for his pain________. A.relax B.relief C.leisure D.comfort 2.B 考查名词辨析。句意:他头疼,去药店买了些东西缓解疼痛。relax 放松;relief 缓解,宽慰;leisure 休闲;comfort 安慰。故选 B 项。 3.[2014· 甘肃张掖中学模拟] The doctor told me to take the medicine ________. A.every fourth hours B.each fourth hour C.each four hours D.every four hours 3.D 考查固定用法。句意:医生告诉我每四小时服一次药。在英语中表达“每??” 用“every+基数词+复数名词”或“every+序数词+单数名词”。故选 D 项。 4.[2014· 大连三中模拟] The moonlight was bright and about 15 yards up the road there was a deep ________ thrown by a tree. A.shade B.shelter C.shadow D.reflection 4. C 考查名词辨析。句意:月光明亮,一棵树从大约 15 码远的地方投射深深的影子 到路上。这里指的是树的“影子、投影” 。 shade 阴凉处,遮光物,灯罩;shelter 居所,避 难所;shadow 阴影,影子;reflection 倒影,反射。故选 C 项。 【拓展延伸】 shade 和 shadow 虽非同义,但容易混淆。前者作“荫”讲,而后者则是 “影”的意思。比较:We took a nap in the shade of a tree.我们在树荫下面打了一个盹儿。We took a nap in the shadow of a tree.我们在树影下面打了一个盹儿。 5.[2014· 黑龙江泰来一中调研] Judging by the ________ he keeps, Mark must be an extremely wealthy man. A.cooperation B.characteristic C.motivation D.company 5.D 考查名词辨析。句意:从他结交的朋友可以看出,马克一定是一个极其富有的 男人。cooperation 合作;characteristic 特点,特征;motivation 动机;company 陪伴。故选 D 项。 A2 代词 24. A2[2014· 安徽卷] You can ask anyone for help. ________ here is willing to lend you a hand. A.One B.No one C.Everyone D.Someone 24.C 考查不定代词。句意:你可以向任何一个人求助,这里的每一个人都愿意帮助 你。故选 C。 25. A2[2014· 全国大纲卷] —Who's that at the door? —________ is the milkman. A. He B. It C. This D. That 25.B 考查代词的用法。句意:“谁在门外?”“是送牛奶的。”因为不知道门外是

什么人,故用 it 指代不清楚的人。故选 B。 21.A2[2014· 福建卷] In some countries, people eat with chopsticks, while in ________, knives and forks. A.another B.others C.both D.all 21.B 考查代词辨析。句意:在一些国家,人们用筷子吃饭,而在其他的国家,(人 们用)刀叉(吃饭)。another“另外一个”,后接单数名词;others 其他的人或物; both 两者; all 意为“所有的”,指代可数名词时表示“三者及以上”。根据句意可知选择 B 项。 34.A2[2014· 江苏卷] Good families are much to all their members, but ________ to none. A.something B.anything C.everything D.nothing 34.C 考查不定代词。句意:好的家庭对于所有家庭成员来说意味着许多,但不是每 个人的全部。everything 意为“一切,全部”,符合语境。something 某事; anything 任何 事; nothing 什么都没有。 32. A2[2014· 江西卷] —When shall I call, in the morning or afternoon? —________. I'll be in all day. A.Any B. None C. Neither D. Either 32.D 考查代词。句意:“我什么时候打电话方便,早上还是下午?”“都可以, 我将整天在家。”根据文中提到的 in the morning or afternoon 可知,此处指在两者之间作出 选择,故排除 A、B 两项;又根据“I'll be in all day.”可知应该是两个时间段均可以。 4. A2[2014· 山东卷] Susan made________ clear to me that she wished to make a new life for herself. A.that B.this C.it D.her 4. C 考查代词。 句意: 苏珊向我清楚地表明她希望为自己开创新的生活。 that she wished to make a new life for herself 是宾语从句,it 为形式宾语,本句为“make it+adj. to sb+that 从句”结构。故选 C。 21. A2[2014· 陕西卷] I'd appreciate ________ if you could let me know in advance whether or not you will come. A. it B. you C. one D. this 21. A 考查代词。I'd appreciate it if/when/that?是固定句式,it 作形式宾语,故选 A。 1.A2[2014· 四川卷] She'd lived in London and Manchester, but she liked ________ and moved to Cambridge. A.both B.neither C.none D.either 1.B 考查代词。both 两者都;neither 表示两者的全部否定;none 表示三者及以上的 全部否定;either 表示两者中选择其一。此处是表示两者的全部否定,故用 neither。句意: 她曾在伦敦和曼彻斯特生活过,但这两个地方她都不喜欢,并搬去了剑桥。 3. A2[2014· 浙江卷] An average of just 18.75 cm of rain fell last year, making ________ the driest year since California became a state in 1850. A.each B.it C.this D.one 3.B 考查代词辨析。句意:去年这里的平均降水量为 18.75 厘米,这使得去年成为加

利福尼亚自 1850 年建州以来最干旱的一年。这里用 it 来指代上文提到的 last year。each 每 个,每一个;this 意为“这,这个”,常用来指代下文提到的事物;one 泛指某一个。故选 B 项。 1. A2[2014· 重庆卷] A smile costs ________, but gives much. A. anything B. something C. nothing D. everything 1.C 考查代词的用法。句意:微笑什么都不会花费,但却带来很多。but 表示转折, nothing 与 much 形成语义上的对比。故选 C。 1.[2014· 河南周口模拟] —What about the price of these washing machines? —They are equal in price to, if not cheaper than, ________ at other shops in the street. A.others B.it C.that D.the ones 1.D 考查代词的用法。句意:“这些洗衣机的价格怎样?”“它们和街上其他家的 相比,就算不便宜些,价钱也相同。”the ones 代替 washing machines;others 指代其他的 人或物;it 指前面提到的人或物;that 特指前面出现的可数名词单数或不可数名词。故选 D 项。 2 . [2014· 浙 江 象 山 模 拟 ] The old lady is said to have three children, two of ________studying abroad. A.whom B.them C.all D.who 2.B 考查代词的用法。句意:据说这位老妇人有三个孩子,其中两个在国外学习。 逗号把句子隔开且没有连词,逗号前的句子是主句,逗号后的结构缺少谓语动词,因此不是 定语从句,不能用关系代词来引导。two of ________studying abroad 是独立结构,因此用代 词。 3.[2014· 甘肃兰州模拟] My seat is next to ________ of the famous writer so I could ask for some advice from him about writing. A.that B.this C.it D.one 3.A 考查代词的用法。句意:我的座位挨着那位著名作家的座位,因此我可以向他 寻求一些写作方面的建议。that 指代同类异物,为了避免重复,代替前面提到的可数名词或 不可数名词,此处替代 the seat,特指“那位著名作家的座位”,故选 A 项。one 虽然也是 指代同类异物,但是只指代可数名词,表泛指。it 指代同类同物。 4. [2014· 四川资阳一诊] We have made ________ clear that we are strongly against smoking in the office. A.this B.that C.it D.one 4. C 考查 it 作形式宾语。 句意: 我们已经明确了我们强烈反对在办公室吸烟(的态度)。 在“make it+adj.+that 从句”中,that 引导的是宾语从句,it 是形式宾语,故选 C 项。 5.[2014· 甘肃兰州模拟] I felt so bad all day yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn't face ________ day like that. A.other B.another C.the other D.others 5.B 考查代词的用法。句意:昨天一整天我都感到如此糟糕,以至于今天早上我决 定不能再面对像那样的一天了。other 泛指其他的,后面要接名词;another 泛指另一个;the other 特指另一个;others 泛指其他的人或物(复数)。故选 B 项。

A3 冠词 22. A3[2014· 江西卷] They chose Tom to be ________ captain of the team, because they knew he was ________ smart leader. A. a; the B. the; the C. the; a D. a; a 22.C 考查冠词。句意:他们选择汤姆作为这个队的队长,因为他们知道他是一位聪 明的领导。第一空特指“这个队的队长”,故用 the;第二空泛指“一位聪明的领导”。 19. A3[2014· 陕西卷] ________ village where I was born has grown into ________ town. A. The; a B. A; the C. The; the D. A; a 19. A 考查冠词。第一空后名词 village 后有定语从句修饰,表特指,故用 the 修饰; 第二空后名词 town 是可数名词单数,表泛指,故用 a 修饰。故选 A。 8. A3[2014· 天津卷] Life is like ________ ocean: only ________ strong?willed can reach the other shore. A. an; the B. the; a C. the ;/ D. / ; a 8. A 考查冠词。根据第二个空前的关键词 only(只有),可知第二个空表示特指,需用 定冠词 the,由此可选择 A。第一个空用 an 表示泛指,可知生活就像一个海洋似的。句意: 生活像一片海洋,只有那些意志坚强的人才能到达彼岸。 2.A3[2014· 浙江卷] The paper is due next month,and I am working seven days ________ week,often long into ________ night. A.a; the B.the; 不填 C.a; a D.不填; the 2.A 考查冠词。句意:下个月要交论文了,我现在一个星期七天,每天都要学习到 深夜。第一空 a week 中的 a 表示“每个,每??”,所以用不定冠词 a,相当于 per;而第 二空 into the night 是固定用法,表示“入夜,深夜”,所以用定冠词 the。故选 A 项。 6. A3[2014· 重庆卷] I can't tell you ________ way to the Wilsons' because we don't have ________ Wilson here in the village. A. the; a B. a; / C. a; the D. the; / 6.A 考查冠词的用法。way 后有 to the Wilsons'这一后臵定语修饰,表示特指,用定 冠词。姓氏前用不定冠词,表示一个叫这个名字的人,是泛指,此处意为“村子里没有一个 叫 Wilson 的人”。 1. [2014· 江苏无锡 12 月联考] The China Dream is ________ dream to improve people's well -being and ________ dream of harmony, peace and development. A.the; a B.a; a C.a; the D.the; the 1.B 考查冠词的用法。句意:中国梦是一个提高人民福祉的梦,一个和谐、和平与 发展的梦。句中两空均用不定冠词 a,表示泛指。故选 B 项。 2.[2014· 湖南五校二联] It's incredible that you made ________ mistake alike for ________ third time. How can you be so forgetful? A.a; a B.a; / C.the; the D.the; / 2.A 考查冠词的用法。句意:你又一次犯了相似的错误真是令人难以置信,你怎么

如此健忘呢?第一空泛指“一个相似的错误” ;第二空填 a,a third time 又一次。故选 A 项。 3.[2014· 吉林东北四校模拟] The price of gold has jumped to________ new all-time high as debt worries in the US and ________ Europe continue to trouble the world. A.the; / B.the; the C.a; / D.a; the 3.C 考查冠词的用法。句意:由于美国和欧洲的债务危机继续困扰世界,黄金的价 格跃升到一个新的历史高点。第一空用不定冠词 a 表示泛指,第二空 Europe 的前面不用冠 词。故选 C 项。 4.[2014· 江西赣州十二县联考] As a simple and convenient way to get ________ latest fashions online, online shopping also has ________ major problem—you can't see whether they fit or not. A.the; the B./; the C.the; a D./; / 4.C 考查冠词的用法。句意:作为一种既简单又方便获得最新网络时尚的方式,网 上购物也有一个主要问题:你看不到它们合不合适。latest 意为“最新的”,是最高级,形 容词最高级前要加定冠词 the,排除 B、D;第二空泛指“一个”,用不定冠词 a。故选 C 项。 5.[2014· 浙江湖州八校二联] Nowadays people are more likely to go to ________ mall than visit the tailor when shopping for clothes, so tailors have adapted to ________ new reality. A.the; a B./; the C.the; the D.a; a 5.C 考查冠词的用法。句意:当今,人们在买衣服的时候更有可能去商场而不是去 裁缝店,因此裁缝已经适应了这个新的现实。第一空考查“the+单数名词”表类指,指购 物商场,第二空是特指前面提到的实际情况,故选 C 项。 A4 形容词 27. A4[2014· 安徽卷] My good performance in the job interview left me________ about my future and about what I can do here. A.puzzled B.sensitive C.optimistic D.embarrassed 27. C 考查形容词词义辨析。 根据 good performance 可知选 optimistic。 puzzled 困惑的; sensitive 敏感的;embarrassed 尴尬的。句意:我在求职面试中的良好表现让我对我的未来以 及我在这里能做什么持乐观的态度。故选 C。 27. A4[2014· 全国大纲卷 ] Raymond's parents wanted him to have ________ possible education. A. good B. better C. best D. the best 27.D 考查形容词比较级的用法。句意:Raymond 的父母想让他尽可能地接受最好的 教育。形容词最高级前加 the 是解题关键。 24.A4[2014· 福建卷] With online shopping increasingly popular, the Internet is seen as a(n) ________ way of reaching target customers. A.temporary B.complex C.accurate D.efficient 24.D 考查形容词辨析。句意:随着网上购物越来越普及,互联网被当作了一种吸 引目标客户的有效方式。temporary 临时的,暂时的;complex 复杂的,合成的;accurate 精

确的;efficient 有效的,有能力的。根据句意可知选择 D 项。 4.A4[2014· 浙江卷] Joe is proud and ________,never admitting he is wrong and always looking for someone else to blame. A.strict B.sympathetic C.stubborn D.sensitive 4.C 考查形容词辨析。句意:乔不仅傲慢而且固执,他从不承认他的错,总是怪别 人。stubborn 意为“固执的,固执己见的”, 符合语境。strict 严格的;sympathetic 富有同 情心的;sensitive 敏感的。故选 C 项。 1.[2014· 云南名校一联] —Why didn't you finish the task? —I didn't think it is ________ the effort. A.worthwhile B.deserving C.valuable D.worth 1 . D 考查形容词辨析。句意:“你为什么没完成任务?”“我觉得它不值得努 力。”deserve(of)值得??的;valuable 有价值的;worth 只能作表语形容词,意为“值?? 的,有??价值的,值得??的” ,后面接名词或主动形式的动名词作宾语;worthwhile 既 可作表语,又可作定语,表示某事因重要、有趣或受益大而值得花时间、金钱或努力去做, 一般表示“值得的,值得做的,有意义的”,用作表语时,可接动名词或动词不定式。故选 D 项。 2. [2014· 苏州六校 12 月联考] Despite being taken from very different sources, the results are remarkably ________. A.consistent B.constant C.contradictory D.controversial 2.A 考查形容词辨析。句意:虽然来源非常不同,但是结果是非常一致的。consistent 一致的;constant 连续的;contradictory 矛盾的;controversial 有争议的。故选 A 项。 3.[2014· 安徽江淮十校一联] The workers insist that the company should take ________ measures to improve their working conditions. A.attractive B.effective C.impressive D.conservative 3.B 考查形容词辨析。句意:工人们坚持认为公司应该采取有效的措施来改善他们 的工作状况。 attractive 有吸引力的; effective 有效的; impressive 使人印象深刻的; conservative 保守的。故选 B 项。 4.[2014· 浙江温州十校联考] It was really ________ of your brother not to play the guitar while you were preparing your lessons. A.typical B.generous C.considerate D.determined 4.C 考查形容词辨析。句意:你的弟弟真是太体贴了,他在你准备功课期间不弹吉 他。typical 典型的;generous 慷慨大方的;considerate 体贴的,考虑周到的;determined 意 志坚定的。故选 C 项。 5.[2014· 湖北八校一联] As we all know, independence is very ________ for youngsters because sooner or later they will leave their families and live alone. A.essential B.accurate C.flexible D.temporary 5.A 考查形容词辨析。句意:我们都知道,青少年独立是非常必要的,因为他们迟 早会离开他们的家去独立生活。 essential 必要的; accurate 精确的; flexible 灵活的; temporary

暂时的,临时的。根据题意可知选 A 项。 A5 副词 33. A5[2014· 安徽卷] It's our hope that we will play a greater role in the market place and, ________, supply more jobs. A.however B.anywhere C.therefore D.otherwise 33. C 考查副词词义辨析。 however 然而; anywhere 无论如何; therefore 因此; otherwise 否则。 本题中 supply more jobs 与 play a greater role in the market place 之间为因果关系。 句意: 我们的希望是,我们能在市场起到更大的作用,因此,要提供更多工作。故选 C。 34. A5[2014· 全国大纲卷] Henry was away from home for quite a bit and ________ saw his family. A. frequently B. seldom C. always D. usually 34.B 考查副词词义辨析。句意:亨利离开家很长时间了,并且很少回来看家人。根 据句意选 B。 35. A5[2014· 全国大纲卷] —What did you do last weekend? —Oh, nothing ________. A. much B. else C. ever D. yet 35.A 考查副词的用法。句意:“上个周末你做什么了?”“噢,没做什么。”此处 nothing much 意为“没什么”。根据句意选 A。 32.A5[2014· 江苏卷] I can't meet you on Sunday. I'll be ________ occupied. A.also B.just C.nevertheless D.otherwise 32.D 考查副词词义辨析。句意:我无法在周日和你碰面,我将另有安排。also 也; just 正,仅仅;nevertheless 然而,不过;otherwise 另外地,否则。根据语境可知 D 项正确。 23. A5[2014· 江西卷] Thanks for your directions to the house; we wouldn't have found it ________. A. nowhere B. however C. otherwise D. instead 23.C 考查副词辨析。句意:谢谢你带我们来这座房子,不然的话,我们找不到它。 nowhere 无处;however 然而;otherwise 否则;instead 反而。 13.A5[2014· 浙江卷] The aim of education is to teach young people to think for themselves and not follow others ________. A.blindly B.unwillingly C.closely D.carefully 13.A 考查副词辨析。句意:教育的目标在于教会年轻人去自我思考,而不是盲目地 跟从别人。blindly 表示“盲目地”,符合语境。unwillingly 不乐意地;closely 近地;carefully 仔细地。故选 A 项。 1 . [2014· 浙 江 湖 州 八 校 二 联 ] Don't defend him any more. It's obvious that he ________destroyed the fence of the garden even without an apology. A.accidentally B.carelessly C.deliberately D.automatically

1.C 考查副词辨析。句意:不要再为他辩护了,很明显,他是故意弄坏花园篱笆的 甚至连一个道歉也没有。accidentally 意外地,偶然地;carelessly 粗心大意地;deliberately 故意地,从容不迫地;automatically 自动地。故选 C 项。 2. [2014· 甘肃张掖二模] I won't see the film tonight. I am busy. ________, it is raining cats and dogs. A.Somehow B.However C.Besides D.As well as 2.C 考查副词辨析。句意:我今晚不去看电影了。我现在很忙。此外,还下着瓢泼 大雨。somehow 不知怎么地;however 然而;besides 此外;as well as 除??以外,还??。 从语境判断,I am busy 和 it is raining cats and dogs 是说明不能去看电影的原因,并且前后是 递进关系,故选 C 项。 3. [2014· 浙江嘉兴模拟] As is known to all language learners, newly learned words will soon be forgotten unless ________ used in everyday communication. A.exactly B.finally C.gradually D.frequently 3.D 考查副词辨析。句意:所有的语言学习者都知道,如果不经常在日常交际中使 用, 新学的单词会很快被忘掉。 exactly 精确地; finally 最后; gradually 逐渐地; frequently 频 繁地。根据题意可知应选 D 项。 4.[2014· 江苏沭阳一联] Stop making so much noise ________the neighbour will start complaining! A.or else B.but still C.and then D.so that 4.A 考查短语辨析。句意:不要再制造这么大的噪声了,否则邻居们要开始抱怨了! or else 要不然,否则;but still 但是;and then 然后;so that 因此。故选 A 项。 5.[2014· 大庆铁人中学模拟] The form cannot be signed by anyone ________ yourself. A.rather than B.other than C.more than D.better than 5.B 考查副词短语辨析。句意:除你自己之外别人不能填写这份表格。rather than 代 替,而不是;other than 除??之外;more than 超过,不仅仅,非常;better than 比??好。 根据句意可知选 B 项。 A6 连词与介词 31. A6[2014· 安徽卷] What we expect from you is working hard ________ hardly working. A.less than B.rather than C.as well as D.as much as 31. B 考查介词短语。 less than 少于, 不及; rather than 而不是; as well as 也, 又, 像?? 一样;as much as 和??一样,差不多。working hard 和 hardly working 为完全相反的两个概 念,显然前后为对照关系。句意:我们期待你的是努力工作,而非很少工作。故选 B。 21.A6[2014· 北京卷] Some animals carry seeds from one place to another,________ plants can spread to new places. A.so B.or C.for D.but 21.A 考查连词。本题前半部分讲“有些动物把种子从一个地方带到另外一个地方” , 所以导致“植物传播” 。此为表示因果关系的并列句,故选 A。

23.A6[2014· 北京卷] Jane is in a hurry because the train to the airport leaves ________ half an hour. A.by B.in C.for D.until 23.B 考查介词。表示某段时间后将发生某事,一般用介词 in。所以选 B。 29. A6[2014· 全国大纲卷] September 30 is the day ________ which you must pay your bill. A. by B. for C. with D. in 29.A 考查介词。句意:9 月 30 日是你必须付账单的最后期限。此处 by 意为“截止 到??日期”。根据句意选 A。 22.A6[2014· 福建卷] Our club is open to everyone ________ age, sex or educational background. A.due to B.except for C.along with D.regardless of 22.D 考查介词短语辨析。句意:我们的俱乐部对每个人开放,不考虑年龄、性别 和教育背景。(be) due to 由于,因为,到??期限;except for 除了;along with 和,一起; regardless of 无论,不管,不考虑。根据句意可知选择 D 项。 24.A6[2014· 江苏卷] Tom always goes jogging in the morning and he usually does pushups too to stay ________. A.in place B.in order C.in shape D.in fashion 24.C 考查介词短语辨析。句意:汤姆总是在早晨慢跑,并且他也经常做俯卧撑来保 持体形。in place 在合适的位臵上;in order 按顺序,秩序井然; in shape 在外形上,在形状 上;in fashion 流行。根据语境可知 C 项正确。 28.A6[2014· 江苏卷] The idea “happiness”, ________, will not sit still for easy definition. A.to be rigid B.to be sure C.to be perfect D.to be fair 28.B 考查介词短语辨析。句意:幸福,明确说来,仍然不容易定义。to be rigid 严格说 来;to be sure 明确说来;to be perfect 完美说来;to be fair 公平说来。根据语境可知 B 项正 确。 25. A6[2014· 江西卷] Starting your own business could be a way to achieving financial independence. ________, it could just put you in debt. A. In other words B. All in all C. As a result D. On the other hand 25.D 考查介词短语辨析。句意:开始你自己的事业是一种获得经济独立的方法。可 另一方面,它可能让你臵于债务之中。in other words 换句话说;all in all 总之;as a result 结 果;on the other hand 另一方面。 33. A6[2014· 江西卷] It is unbelievable that Mr Lucas leads a simple life ________ his great wealth. A. without B. despite C. in D. to 33.B 考查介词。句意:尽管 Lucas 先生有大量的财富,但是他过着简单的生活,这 让人难以臵信。根据 a simple life 以及 his great wealth 可知此处表转折。

2.A6[2014· 山东卷] I don't really like the author,________ I have to admit his books are very exciting. A.although B.unless C.until D.once 2.A 考查连词。句意:尽管我不得不承认他的书很令人兴奋,但是我真的不喜欢这 个作者。although 尽管;unless 除非;until 直到??为止;once 一旦。根据句意可知选 A 项。 14. A6[2014· 陕西卷] The Scottish girl ________ blue eyes won the first prize in the Fifth Chinese Speech Contest. A. by B. of C. in D. with 14.D 考查介词。句意:在第五届汉语演讲比赛中,那位蓝眼睛的苏格兰女孩赢得了 第一名。所填词意思是“有”,用 with,故选 D。 6. A6[2014· 天津卷] ________ the school, the village has a clinic, which was also built with government support. A. In reply to B. In addition to C. In charge of D. In place of 6. B 考查介词短语。in reply to 答复;in addition to 除??之外,也,和;in charge of 负责;in place of 代替,取代。句意:除了学校,村庄还有一个诊所,也是在政府的资助下 建起来的。 10.A6[2014· 浙江卷] While staying in the village, James unselfishly shared whatever he had with the villagers without asking for anything ________. A.in return B.in common C.in turn D.in place 10.A 考查介词词组辨析。句意:在村子里生活期间, 詹姆斯非常无私地与村民们 分享了他所有的一切,而无回报索求。根据句意知,空格处表示“作为回报”,所以用 in return。in common 共同;in turn 反过来,反之;in place 恰当,在适当位臵。故选 A 项。 12.A6[2014· 浙江卷] Facing up to your problems ________ running away from them is the best approach to working things out. A.more than B.rather than C.along with D.or rather 12.B 考查连词词组辨析。句意:最好的解决问题的方法是面对你的问题,而不是逃 避它们。rather than 而不是;more than 不仅仅;along with 与??一起;or rather 更确切地 说。故选 B 项。 17.A6[2014· 浙江卷] People won't pay attention to you when they still have a lot of ideas of their own crying ________ expression. A.from B.over C.with D.for 17.D 考查介词辨析。句意:当人们还有许多自己的想法需要表达的时候,他们是不 会注意到你的。 根据句意知, 此处 cry for expression 可以看作是固定表达, 意为“哭着要??, 急需??,要求??”,所以选 D 项。 18.A6[2014· 浙江卷] There's no reason to be disappointed.________,this could be rather amusing. A.Above all B.As a result C.In addition D.As a matter of fact 18. D 考查介词词组辨析。 句意: 没有理由失望。 实际上, 这似乎还很可笑。 as a matter

of fact 意为“事实上,实际上”,符合句意。above all 首要的是;as a result 结果;in addition 另外。故选 D 项。 7. A6[2014· 重庆卷] She drove so fast at the turn that the car almost went ________ the road. A. on B. along C. from D. off 7.D 考查介词的用法。句意:她开车开得太快,以至于在拐弯处差点开下了公路。 此处 off 表示“离开,偏离”。 1.[2014· 山东师大附中模拟] All the photographs in this book,________stated otherwise, date from the 1950s. A.unless B.until C.once D.if 1.A 考查连词辨析。句意:除非另有说明,(否则)这本书所有的图片源于 20 世纪 50 年代。由此可知,空白处应该使用 unless 引导条件状语从句。在这一从句中,省略了主语和 be 动词。故选 A 项。 2.[2014· 江苏泰州姜堰模拟] Jose cupped his hands together to cover his mouth ________ other people would see him cry. A.so that B.now that C.for fear that D.on condition that 2.C 考查连词的用法。句意:因为担心别人看见他在哭,乔斯把双手窝成杯状捂着 嘴。 so that 引导目的状语从句。 now that 引导原因状语从句, 原因先于结果而发生。 for fear that 也引导原因状语从句,表示做某事的理由是出于担心,担心的事情可能发生也可能不发生, 但一定是在做某事之后, 可替换为 in case。 on condition that 引导条件状语从句。 故选 C 项。 3.[2014· 安徽六校模拟] The best way to get a serious point ________ without causing offence is ________ humour. A.across; with B.out; within C.across; in D.down; by 3.A 考查介词辨析。句意:使人明白一个严肃观点的最好的方法就是在没有引起冒 犯的情况下使用幽默。 get sth across 使明白, 理解; “with+名词” 作表语或状语, with humour 表示“使用幽默的方法”,故选 A 项。 4.[2014· 浙江五校一联] The company has changed some of its working practices ________ complaints and criticism from the customers. A.in respect to B.in return for C.in exchange for D.in response to 4.D 考查介词短语辨析。句意:作为对顾客的抱怨和批评的回应,这家公司已经改 变了一些工作制度。根据句意知选 D 项。 5.[2014· 三峡名校联盟 12 月联考] The astronauts have to lie ________ the floor of the spaceship to fight against the great pressure during the flight. A.in B.beyond C.against D.at 5.C 考查介词辨析。句意:飞行过程中,宇航员不得不倚躺在宇宙飞船的地板上以 抵御巨大的压力。根据题意可知选 C 项。 【归纳总结】 against 作为介词的词义很多,而本题中 against 意为“倚,紧靠??”, 常被考生们忽略。

A7 动词 34. A7[2014· 安徽卷] Shakespeare's writing is still popular today. It has really ________ the test of time. A.failed B.stood C.taken D.conducted 34.B 考查动词词义辨析。根据前一句可推知,后一句意为“莎士比亚的作品经受住 了时间的考验” 。stand the test of time 经受住时间的考验。fail the test of time 未能经受住时间 的考验。句意:莎士比亚的作品今天依旧很受欢迎,它经受住了时间的考验。故选 B。 25.A7[2014· 福建卷] It is widely acknowledged that students should be ________ in terms of overall quality. A.supported B.matched C.evaluated D.controlled 25.C 考查动词辨析。句意:(大家)普遍认为学生们应该得到全面的评价。 support 支持,支撑,抚养;match 使相配,比得上;evaluate 评价,评估;control 控制,抑制,管 理。根据句意可知选择 C 项。 25.A7[2014· 江苏卷] Top graduates from universities are ________ by major companies. A.chased B.registered C.offered D.compensated 25.A 考查动词词义辨析。句意:大学里的优秀毕业生受到大公司的青睐。chase 追 逐,追求;register 登记,注册; offer 提供,提议; compensate 补偿,赔偿。根据语境可 知 A 项正确。 33.A7[2014· 江苏卷] Legend has it that the origin of the Dragon Boat Festival is to ________ the soul of Qu Yuan. A.remember B.remind C.recover D.recall 33. D 考查动词词义辨析。句意:传说,端午节的缘由是为了召唤屈原的灵魂。remember 记得;remind 提醒;recover 恢复;recall 召唤,召回。根据语境可知 D 项符合语境。 29. A7[2014· 江西卷] I don't believe what you said, but if you can prove it, you may be able to ________ me. A. convince B. inform C. guarantee D. refuse 29.A 考查动词词义辨析。句意:我不相信你所说的,但是如果你能证明,你也许能够说 服我。convince 说服;inform 通知;guarantee 保证;refuse 拒绝。 9. A7[2014· 天津卷] My parents always ________ great importance to my getting a good education. A. have B. attach C. accept D. pay 9. B 考查动词。have 有;attach 粘附;attach great importance to 认为??重要;accept 接 受;pay 付款。句意:我的父母总是重视我得到的教育。 7.A7[2014· 浙江卷] Last week a tennis ball hit me on the head, but I tried to ________ the pain,believing that it would go away sooner or later. A.share B.realize C.ignore D.cause 7.C 考查动词辨析。句意:上星期一只网球击中了我的头,但我努力去忘却它所带

来的痛苦,因为我相信这种痛苦迟早会过去的。根据句意知,此处用 ignore,表示“忽略, 忽视”。share 分享,分担;realize 认识到;cause 导致。故选 C 项。 9.A7[2014· 浙江卷] No matter how carefully you plan your finances,no one can ________ when the unexpected will happen. A.prove B.imply C.demand D.predict 9.D 考查动词辨析。句意:无论你对自己的财务计划得多么仔细,没有人会预测到什么 时候一些突发事件会发生。根据句意知,此处用 predict,表示“预料,预测”。prove 证实, 证明;imply 隐含,暗示;demand 要求。故选 D 项。 A8 动词短语 26. A8[2014· 安徽卷] Terry, please ________ your cellphone when grandma is talking to you. A.look up from B.look into C.look back on D.look through 26.A 考查动词短语。look up from 从??抬头往上看;look into 调查;look back on 回顾,回头看;look through 仔细检查。句意:特里,祖母和你说话时,不要看着手机。故 选 A。 28. A8[2014· 安徽卷] When the sports hero________ at our party, he was welcomed with open arms. A.turned up B.left off C.moved on D.got away 28.A 考查动词短语。turn up 出现,露面;leave off 停止,戒掉;move on 出发,离开, 继续前进,对??采取行动;get away 逃离,出发。句意:当那位体育明星出现在我们聚会 上时,人们张开双臂欢迎他。故选 A。 31. A8[2014· 全国大纲卷] Caroline doesn't have a gift for music, but she ________ it with hard work. A. goes back on B. takes away from C. makes up for D. catches up with 31.C 考查动词短语的用法。句意:卡罗琳没有音乐天赋,但她用努力学习弥补了她的不 足。此处 make up for 意为“弥补”。根据句意选 C。 33.A8[2014· 福建卷] As a grassroots singer, she reads everything she can ________ concerning music, and takes every opportunity to improve herself. A.catch sight of B.get hold of C.take charge of D.make mention of 33.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:作为一名草根歌手,她阅读她能得到的与音乐相关的 所有资料,并且利用每一次机会去提高自己。catch sight of 看见,发现;get hold of 把握, 抓住,得到;take charge of 负责,接管;make mention of 提到,提及。根据句意可知选择 B 项。 30.A8[2014· 江苏卷] —Dad, I don't think Oliver the right sort of person for the job. —I see. I'll go right away and ________. A.pay him back B.pay him off C.put him away D.put him off 30. B 考查动词短语辨析。 句意: “爸爸, 我认为 Oliver 不是这项工作的合适人选。 ”“我 明白了,我现在就付清工资解雇他。”pay back 偿还,报答; pay off 还清,付清工资予以 解雇;put away 处理,放好;put off 推迟,延期。根据语境可知 B 项正确。 27. A8[2014· 江西卷] Anyway, we're here now, so let's ________ some serious work. A. come up with B. get down to

C. do away with D. live up to 27.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:不管怎么说,我们现在在这儿,因此让我们着手做一些 重要的事情吧。come up with 想起;get down to 着手做;do away with 废除;live up to 实行, 不辜负。 18. A8[2014· 陕西卷] Ralph W. Emerson would always ________ new ideas that occurred to him. A. set off B. set about C. set up D. set down 18. D 考查动词短语。set off 意为“出发,动身”;set about 意为“开始,着手”,后跟动 词 v.?ing 形式;set up 意为“设立,建立”;set down 意为“记下,写下,卸下”。句意: Ralph W. Emerson 总是记下出现在他头脑中的新想法。故选 D。 13. A8[2014· 天津卷] The two countries are going to meet to ________ some barriers to trade between them. A. make up B. use up C. turn down D. break down 13. D 考查动词短语。make up 组成,构成,编造,虚构,和解;use up 用完;turn down 拒 绝,关小;break down 扫除(障碍),清除(困难)。根据句中的关键词 barriers,可知是扫除障 碍,故选 D。句意:两个国家将举行会面以扫除两国之间的贸易障碍。 19.A8[2014· 浙江卷] How could you ________ such a fantastic job when you have been out of work for months? A.turn off B.turn in C.turn down D.turn to 19. C 考查动词词组辨析。 句意: 你已经失业好几个月了, 怎么还要拒绝这么好的工作呢? turn down 表示“拒绝”,符合语境。turn off 关掉;turn in 转入,上交;turn to 转向。 1.[2014· 江苏镇江二调] Traditionally, local midwives would ________ all the babies in the area. A.handle B.produce C.deliver D.help 1. C 考查动词辨析。 句意: 传统上, 当地的产婆将会接生这个地区的所有婴儿。 handle 处理;produce 生产;deliver 送,发表,接生;help 帮助。 midwife 产婆,接生员。deliver 可以指接生(孩子),或者生孩子。故选 C 项。 2.[2014· 河南开封十校联考] As a famous public figure, you have a duty to ________ yourself responsibly, especially in public places. A.carry B.conduct C.guide D.operate 2.B 考查动词辨析。句意:作为一个著名的公众人物,你要为你的行为举止负责任, 特别是在公众场所。carry 携带,背,运送;conduct 指导,实施,指挥;guide 带领,指引; operate 操作,做手术,经营。conduct oneself 举止,表现。故选 B 项。 3.[2014· 山东师大附中二模] Whoever is new in the community will soon ________to the new environment, as everybody here is friendly and helpful. A.apply B.appeal C.attach D.adapt 3.D 考查动词辨析。句意:无论是谁,新来到这个社区,都会很快适应这里的新环 境, 因为这里的每一个人都是友好的和愿意帮助人的。 apply 应用; appeal 呼吁; attach 附上; adapt 适应。故选 D 项。 4.[2014· 南京六合高级中学模拟] —That pair of shoes just doesn't ________ to me.

—But I like them. A.adapt B.appeal C.attend D.agree 4 . B 考查动词辨析。句意:“那双鞋实在对我没有吸引力。”“但是我喜欢它 们。”appeal to 呼吁,上诉,有吸引力;adapt to 适应,适合,改编;attend to 处理,照顾, 护理;agree to 同意,接受,允诺。故选 B 项。 5.[2014· 江西新余三校联考] Can you________your car up so that I can get through? A.hold B.look C.back D.rush 5.C 考查动词辨析。句意:你可以倒一下车吗?这样我就可以通过了。hold up 举起, 耽搁;look up 抬头看,查询;back up 支撑,倒车;rush up 催促。故选 C 项。 6.[2014· 江苏无锡三校联考] Mr Brown's condition looks very serious and it is doubtful if he will ________. A.pull back B.pull up C.pull through D.pull out 6.C 考查动词短语辨析。句意:布朗先生的状况看起来非常严重,他是否会恢复健 康值得怀疑。pull back 拉回,撤回;pull up 停下,拔起;pull through 恢复健康;pull out 出 发,离开。故选 C 项。 7.[2014· 浙江温州十校联考] Lucy found one of her friends had been ________ after she finished the invitations to her wedding party. A.taken out B.put out C.picked out D.left out 7.D 考查动词短语辨析。句意:露西在发完婚礼请柬后发现她的一位朋友被漏掉了。 take out 拿出;put out 扑灭,出版;pick out 挑选,辨认出;leave out 落下,不提及,不包括。 根据句意可知选 D 项。 8.[2014· 浙江温州十校联考] Not having promoted the new digital camera successfully, the company should ____________its original marketing methods. A.account for B.reflect on C.work out D.call up 8.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:没能成功地对新款数码相机进行宣传推销,该公司 应该仔细思考一下最初的市场策略了。account for 解释??的原因,占??比例;reflect on 考虑,仔细思考;work out 制订,解出,计算出;call up 打电话。根据题意可知选 B 项。 9. [2014· 浙江五校联考] Hard work and lack of sleep have ________ her beauty and youth in recent years. A.worn out B.tried out C.made out D.sent out 9.A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:近些年的辛苦工作和缺少睡眠耗尽了她的美丽和青 春年华。本句中的 wear out 表示“耗尽”。wear out 用坏,穿破,筋疲力尽,耗尽;try out 尝试; make out 辨认出,理解;send out 发送,发出。根据句意可知选 A 项。 10.[2014· 山东师大附中二模] They are broadening the bridge to ________the flow of traffic. A.put off B.speed up C.turn on D.work out 10.B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:他们正在拓宽桥梁来加速交通的流畅。put off 延期;

speed up 加速;turn on 打开;work out 解决,计算出。故选 B 项。 A9 非谓语动词 32. A9[2014· 安徽卷] While waiting for the opportunity to get ________, Henry did his best to perform his duty. A.promote B.promoted C.promoting D.to promote 32.B 考查非谓语动词。promote 的逻辑主语为 Henry,且两者之间为动宾关系,故应使用 promoted。句意:在等待机会被提拔期间,亨利尽量履行好自己的职责。故选 B。 24.A9[2014· 北京卷] ________ carefully if any change occurs when doing experiments in the lab. A.Observe B.To observe C.Observed D.Observing 24.A 考查非谓语动词。根据上下文可知,后面提供了两个从句,一个为条件状语从 句,另一个为时间状语从句的省略句。由此可知,句意表述在某条件下和某时间,建议某人 做某事。这里选择动词原形,引导的是祈使句。故选 A。 25.A9[2014· 北京卷] Last night, there were millions of people ________ the opening ceremony live on TV. A.watch B.to watch C.watched D.watching 25.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:昨晚有成百万的人看电视上直播的开幕式。watching 引导 的现在分词短语作定语,说明人们在做什么,与前面的 people 构成主谓关系。故选 D。 28. A9[2014· 北京卷] There are still many problems ________ before we are ready for a long stay on the moon. A.solving B.solved C.being solved D.to be solved 28.D 考查非谓语动词。根据题干信息,非谓语动词在这里作定语,限定“要去解决的问 题” 。根据非谓语动词作定语的规则:现在分词表示主动和正在发生;过去分词表示被动和 完成;不定式表示将要发生。所以选 D。 35 . A9[2014· 北京卷 ] The film star wears sunglasses.Therefore, he can go shopping without________. A.recognizing B.being recognized C.having recognized D.having been recognized 35.B 考查非谓语动词。根据题中的介词 without 判断,此处应该使用动名词形式,由于 他是被人认出的,所以应该用动名词的被动式,故选 B。 23. A9[2014· 全国大纲卷] Today there are more airplanes ________ more people than ever before in the skies. A. carry B. carrying C. carried D. to be carrying 23.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:现在天空中比以前有更多的飞机运送更多的乘客。此处 airplane 和 carrying 之间是主动关系,故用现在分词作定语。故选 B。 27.A9[2014· 福建卷] ________ the past year as an exchange student in Hong Kong, Linda appears more mature than those of her age. A.Spending B.Spent C.Having spent D.To spend 27.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:作为一名交换生,林达去年在香港生活学习以后,看起

来比她的那些同龄人成熟。主语 Linda 和动词 spend 之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,并且 spend 的动作发生在 appear 动作之前,故使用 v.?ing 形式的完成式,故选择 C 项。 30.A9[2014· 福建卷] For those with family members far away, the personal computer and the phone are important in staying________. A.connected B.connecting C.to connect D.to be connected 30. A 考查非谓语动词。 句意: 对于那些与家人相隔遥远的人来说, 个人电脑和电话在(他 们与家人之间)保持联系方面起着重要的作用。 (be) connected with 是固定短语, 意为“与?? 保持联系、联络”,其中 connected 可以看作表示状态的形容词,用作表语;stay 可以用作 系动词,故选择 A 项。 21. A9 [2014· 湖南卷] Children,when________by their parents, are allowed to enter the stadium. A. to be accompanied B. to accompany C. accompanying D. accompanied 21. D 考查非谓语动词和省略。句意:有家长陪同的孩子们才准许进入体育馆。动词 accompany 与主语 children 构成逻辑上的被动关系,故用被动语态;当从句的主语和主句的 主语一致,且从句中含有 be 动词的某种形式时,从句中的主语和 be 动词可以一起省略,本 题中省略的部分为 they are。 23. A9 [2014· 湖南卷 ] ________ your own needs and styles of communication is as important as learning to convey your affection and emotions. A. Understanding B. To be understood C. Being understood D. Having understood 23. A 考查非谓语动词。句意:了解你自己的需要和交流风格与学会表达你的喜爱和情感 一样重要。此处用非谓语动词作主语,且动词后有自己的宾语,因此用主动形式。故选 A。 27. A9[2014· 湖南卷] There is no greater pleasure than lying on my back in the middle of the grassland, ________ at the night sky. A. to stare B. staring C. stared D. having stared 27. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:躺在草坪的中央遥望着夜空,没有比这更快乐的事情 了。此处 staring 作伴随状语,与隐含的主语(说话人)构成主动关系。 35. A9[2014· 湖南卷] ________ ourselves from the physical and mental tensions,we each need deep thought and inner quietness. A. Having freed B. Freed C. To free D. Freeing 35. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了避免身体上和精神上的紧张,我们每一个人都需 要沉思和内心的寂静。此处用不定式表目的。 29. A9[2014· 江苏卷] The lecture ________, a lively questionandanswer session followed. A.being given B.having given C.to be given D.having been given 29.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:先是做了演讲,接着是一个生动的问答环节。分析 该句结构可知,该句为独立主格结构,空白处作状语,lecture 和 give 之间为被动关系,并

表示动作已经发生,故用 having been done,选 D 项。 26. A9[2014· 江西卷] When it comes to ________ in public, no one can match him. A. speak B. speaking C. being spoken D. be spoken 26.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:当谈到在公共场合发言时,没有人能和他相比。做此 题时可用排除法,先根据介词的用法排除 A、D 两项,再根据主动语态排除 C 项,确定答 案。come to 短语中的 to 为介词,后接动名词作宾语,此处指“发言”,不用被动,故选 B 项。 31. A9[2014· 江西卷] ________ nearly all our money, we couldn't afford to stay at a hotel. A. Having spent B. To spent C. Spent D. To have spent 31.A 考查非谓语动词。句意:我们几乎已经花完了所有的钱,没钱住旅馆了。根据 句意可用排除法排除作目的状语的不定式;spend 与 we 之间为主动关系,spend 这一动作发 生在 afford 之前,故应该用现在分词的完成式。 34. A9[2014· 江西卷] He is thought ________ foolishly.Now he has no one but himself to blame for losing the job. A. to act B. to have acted C. acting D. having acted 34.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:他被认为举止愚蠢。现在除了他自己没人为他失去这 份工作负责。be thought 后应该接不定式,act 的动作发生在 think 动作之前,故应该用不定 式的完成式。 6.A9[2014· 山东卷] There's a note pinned to the door________ when the shop will open again. A.saying B.says C.said D.having said 6.A 考查非谓语动词。句意:门上别了一张便条写了商店再开门的时间。句子的主 干是 there's a note, pinned to 是过去分词短语作定语,修饰 note, say 与 note 是主动关系,故 用现在分词作定语,修饰 note。故选 A。 9.A9[2014· 山东卷] It's standard practice for a company like this one________ a security officer. A.employed B.being employed C.to employ D.employs 9.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:对于一个像这样的公司来说,雇用一个保安是常规做 法。句中的 it 是形式主语,to employ a security officer 是真正的主语。故选 C。 12. A9[2014· 陕西卷] It's quite hot today. Do you feel like ________ for a swim? A. to go B. going C. go D. having gone 12.B 考查非谓语动词。feel like 后跟非谓语动词作宾语时用 v.?ing 形式,故选 B。 20. A9[2014· 陕西卷] ________ the difficult maths problem, I have consulted Professor Russell several times. A. Working out B. Worked out C. To work out D. Work out 20. C 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了解出那道数学难题,我去向 Russell 教授咨询过好 几次。所填词作目的状语,用动词不定式,故选 C。

5.A9[2014· 四川卷] The manager was satisfied to see many new products ________ after great effort. A.having developed B.to develop C.developed D.develop 5.C 考查非谓语动词。此处是非谓语动词作感官动词 see 的宾语补足语,develop 与 宾语 products 为被动关系,故使用过去分词。句意:在做出巨大努力之后,看到很多新产品 被研发出来,经理很满意。 7. A9[2014· 四川卷] —I hope to take the computer course. —Good idea. ________ more about it, visit this website. A. To find out B. Finding out C. To be finding out D. Having found out 7.A 考查非谓语动词。此处动词不定式位于句首作目的状语,意为“为了”。句意: “我希望参加电脑课程。”“好主意。为了获取更多有关的东西, (你)去访问一下这个网 站。” 5. A9[2014· 天津卷] Anxiously, she took the dress out of the package and tried it on, only ________ it didn't fit. A. to find B. found C. finding D. having found 5. A 考查非谓语动词。 根据句子的前半句“Anxiously, she took the dress out of?”可知 她是焦急地拿出裙子, 这与 “?it didn't fit.” 联系可知是出现了意料之外的结果, 故用 only to do。only to do/only to be done 表示意料之外的结果。句意:她急切地从包装袋里拿出裙子, 试穿了一下,结果发现它不合身。 7. A9[2014· 天津卷] Clearly and thoughtfully ________, the book inspires confidence in students who wish to seek their own answers. A. writing B. to write C. written D. being written 7. C 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,句子的主语 the book 与 write 之间构成逻辑上 的被动关系,需用有被动含义的选项,可选 C、D;C 项 written 表示完成,根据句中的学生 受到了激发,可知 write 动作已经完成,所以选择 C;而 D 项 being written 是现在分词的被 动形式,表示动作正在被进行,不符合题意。 14.A9[2014· 浙江卷] Amie Salmon, disabled, is attended throughout her school days by a nurse ________ to guard her. A.to appoint B.appointing C.appointed D.having appointed 14.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:Amie Salmon 身受残疾,在她的学业生涯中,专门有 一个指定的护士来照顾她上学。在该句中,要注意区分现在分词和过去分词的用法。根据句 子结构知, 此处非谓语动词的逻辑主语是空格前面的名词 a nurse, 与 appoint 构成被动关系, 所以用过去分词形式,故选 C 项。 5. A9[2014· 重庆卷] The producer comes regularly to collect the cameras ________ to our shop for quality problems. A. returning B. returned C. to return D. to be returned 5.B 考查非谓语动词的用法。cameras 与 return 是动宾关系,因此用过去分词表示被 动,过去分词在此作 cameras 的定语。 11. A9[2014· 重庆卷 ] Group activities will be organized after class ________ children

develop team spirit. A. helping B. having helped C. helped D. to help 11.D 考查非谓语动词的用法。此题中动词不定式表示目的。 1.[2014· 山东师大附中三模] Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ________ into small pieces. A.break B.breaking C.broken D.to break 1.D 考查非谓语动词。句意:汤姆询问糖果制造商能否把巧克力做得更容易掰成小 块。在 easy, difficult, hard, comfortable 等形容词构成的复合宾语中,用不定式作状语。故选 D 项。 2.[2014· 四川绵阳一诊] The US house price has risen by 12.4% over the 12 months to the end of July, completely ________ his plan to buy another apartment. A.ruined B.ruining C.to ruin D.ruins 2. B 考查非谓语动词。句意:到七月末,美国的房价在 12 个月内已经上涨了 12.4%, 这完全毁了他再买一套公寓的计划。 空格部分是非谓语动词, 排除 D; done 表被动, to do 表 意外结果,排除 A 和 C;doing 表自然而然的结果,故选 B 项。 3.[2014· 江西赣州联考] Measures must be taken to prevent pollution ________ happily. A.from we live B.for us to live C.us living D.from our living 3.B 考查不定式作目的状语。句意:对于我们来说,为了幸福地生活,我们必须采 取一些措施防治污染。for us 对于我们来说;to live 为不定式表示目的,不定式的逻辑主语 是 us。故选 B 项。 4.[2014· 辽宁五校联考] The number of the victims, ________ in the news, who are infected with H7N9 has come up to 28. A.is reported B.reported C.reporting D.which reports 4.B 考查过去分词作定语。句意:据新闻报道,感染 H7N9 的受害者人数已经达到 28 人。分析句子结构可知,reported in the news 是非谓语动词作定语,victims 与 report 是被 动关系,要用过去分词,故选 B 项。 5.[2014· 江苏泰州模拟] The real secret to successful learning lies in students ________an interest in what they are doing. A.to take B.taking C.taken D.having taken 5.B 考查非谓语动词。句意:学习取得成功的真正奥秘在于学生对所做的事感兴趣。 students taking an interest?是动名词复合结构作介词 in 的宾语。故选 B 项。 6.[2014· 安徽宿松模拟] When I came in, I saw her sitting in the sofa ________ in thought. A.to lose B.losing C.lost D.being lost 6.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:当我进来时,我看到她正坐在沙发上陷入沉思。be lost in thought 陷入沉思。过去分词作状语,故选 C 项。 7.[2014· 安徽宿松模拟] With his attention ________ on his book, he didn't notice me enter his study.

A.focusing B.focused C.to focus D.focus 7.B 考查 with 的复合结构。句意:由于他把注意力集中在书上,他没有注意到我进 了他的书房。focus one's attention on 集中精力于。with 后可跟分词或不定式作宾补,本题 focus 与 attention 之间是被动关系,故选 B 项。 8.[2014· 重庆一中模拟] The play ________ next month aims at mainly to reflect the local culture. A.produced B.being produced C.to be produced D.having been produced 8.C 考查非谓语动词。句意:下个月将被拍摄的那部戏剧主要旨在反映当地的文化。 根据时间状语 next month 可知此处用不定式作定语,故选 C 项。 9. [2014· 北京四十四中模拟] In the reading room, we found her________ at a desk, with her attention________ on a book. A.sitting; fixing B.to sit; fixed C.seating; fixing D.seated; fixed 9.D 考查非谓语动词的用法。句意:在阅览室内,我们发现她坐在一张桌子旁,集 中精力看一本书。be seated/sitting 就座;fix one's attention on 某人集中精力于。故选 D 项。 【拓展延伸】 find 的复合结构:find+宾语(名词/代词)+宾语补足语(形容词/副词/名词 /介词短语/不定式/现在分词/过去分词等)。 10.[2014· 湖南三校联考] ________ with the increasing unemployment, many people went on strike in most of the European countries. A.Facing B.Being faced C.Faced D.Having faced 10.C 考查过去分词作状语。句意:面临日益上升的失业率,大部分欧洲国家的很多 人都罢工了。sb be faced with sth“某人面临某事”,这里用过去分词作状语,故选 C 项。 【误区警示】 本题易误选 A 项。考生对 face 的用法不清,face 可作及物动词,也可作 不及物动词。作及物动词时,后可直接跟宾语。 11.[2014· 大庆铁人中学模拟] He wondered if he could slip out of the lecture hall without anyone ________. A.noticing B.noticed C.to notice D.being noticed 11.A 考查 with 的复合结构。基本结构:with+宾语+宾语补足语(名词、代词、形容 词、副词、现在分词、过去分词或不定式)。当作宾语补足语的动词与宾语构成被动关系的 时候,使用动词的过去分词形式;当二者构成主动关系的时候,使用动词的现在分词形式。 本题中 anyone 与 notice 构成主动关系,故使用现在分词形式。故选 A 项。 12.[2014· 绍兴模拟] Opposite the old town is the 5,500-metre Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, its peak________ with snow. A.is covered B.covered C.covering D.covers 12.B 考查独立主格结构。句意:在古城的对面是海拔 5500 米的玉龙雪山,它的顶 峰被雪覆盖着。因为句中没有连词,所以判断是独立主格结构,排除 A、D 选项,peak 和 动词 cover 之间是被动关系,故用过去分词表被动,选 B 项。

A10 情态动词与虚拟语气

30. A10[2014· 安徽卷] People are recycling many things which they ________ away in the past! A.had thrown B.will be throwing C.were throwing D.would have thrown 30.D 考查虚拟语气。根据 in the past 可知,说的是过去情况,对过去情况的推测或 评说,应使用“情态动词+完成式”结构。句意:现在人们回收利用很多东西,而过去他们 会将这些扔掉。 故选 D。 27.A10[2014· 北京卷] ________I have a word with you? It won't take long. A.Can B.Must C.Shall D.Should 27.A 考查情态动词。根据上下文可知,说话人在请求听话人允许短时间内的一个交 谈。can 表示“能不能”,故选 A。 34.A10[2014· 北京卷] We ________back in the hotel now if you didn't lose the map. A.are B.were C.will be D.would be 34.D 考查虚拟语气。根据条件状语从句中 if we didn't lose the map 可知,主从句都是 对现在情况的假设,所以选 D。 30. A10[2014· 全国大纲卷 ] Although you ________ find bargains in London, it's not generally a cheap place to shop. A. should B. need C. must D. can 30.D 考查情态动词。句意:尽管你能在伦敦找到便宜货,但是它一般不是购物便宜 的地方。此处 can 意为“能”。根据句意选 D。 32.A10[2014· 福建卷] ________no modern telecommunications, we would have to wait for weeks to get news from around the world. A.Were there B.Had there been C.If there are D.If there have been 32.A 考查虚拟语气。句意:要是没有现代化的通讯,我们将不得不等待若干个星 期才能获得来自世界各地的消息。 “要是没有现代化的通讯”是对现在情况的一种假设, 故 从句中使用一般过去时态,省略 if 后把 were 提到从句主语之前。故选择 A 项。 22. A10[2014· 湖南卷] If Mr Dewey ________ present, he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there. A. were B. had been C. should be D. was 22. B 考查虚拟语气。句意:如果 Dewey 先生当时在场的话,他就会尽一切可能帮 助那里的人们。根据主句中的 would have offered 可知,这是对过去的虚拟,故条件句用 had done 形式。 25. A10[2014· 湖南卷] —I've prepared all kinds of food for the picnic. —Do you mean we ________ bring anything with us? A. can't B. mustn't C. shan't D. needn't 25. D 考查情态动词。句意:“我已经为这次野炊准备了各种各样的食物。”“你的 意思是说我们不需要携带任何东西了?”此处 needn't 表示“没有必要”。 31.A10[2014· 江苏卷] It was sad to me that they, so poor themselves, ________ bring me

food. A.might B.would C.should D.could 31.C 考查情态动词。句意:他们这么穷竟然还带食物给我,这使我很难过。should 表示“竟然”,符合语境,故 C 项正确。might 可能;would 愿意;could 能够。 30. A10[2014· 江西卷] Life is unpredictable; even the poorest ________ become the richest. A. shall B. must C. need D. might 30.D 考查情态动词。句意:生活是不可预料的,甚至最穷的人可能变成最富有的人。 根据 unpredictable 可知表示可能性,本题应该选择 might。 23. A10[2014· 陕西卷] We would rather our daughter ________ at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. A. would stay B. has stayed C. stayed D. stay 23. C 考查虚拟语气。would rather 后跟宾语从句时,从句谓语动词用过去式表示动作 发生在现在或将来,用“had+过去分词”表示动作发生在过去。根据后一句中的 is 可知此 处动词用过去式,故选 C。 23. A10[2014· 陕西卷] We would rather our daughter ________ at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. A. would stay B. has stayed C. stayed D. stay 23. C 考查虚拟语气。would rather 后跟宾语从句时,从句谓语动词用过去式表示动作 发生在现在或将来,用“had+过去分词”表示动作发生在过去。根据后一句中的 is 可知此 处动词用过去式,故选 C。 6. A10[2014· 四川卷] I still remember my happy childhood when my mother ________ take me to Disneyland at weekends. A. might B. must C. would D. should 6.C 考查情态动词。此处 would 表示过去习惯性的动作,意为“过去常常”。句意: 我仍旧记得我快乐的童年,那时我的母亲常在周末带我去迪士尼乐园。 15. A10[2014· 天津卷] ________ the morning train, he would not have been late for the meeting. A. Did he catch B. Should he catch C. Has he caught D. Had he caught 15. D 考查虚拟语气。句意:如果他赶上了早晨的火车,他开会就不会迟到了。根据 题干中的后半句“?he would not have been late for the meeting.”可知, 这是一个与过去事实 相反的虚拟语气,因此前面的从句中需用过去完成时 had done。在 if 引导的虚拟语气中,当 句中有 were, should, had 时,可将 if 省去,并把 were, should, had 提到主语的前面构成部分 倒装,故 D 项正确。 16.A10[2014· 浙江卷] They were abroad during the months when we were carrying out the investigation, or they ________ to our help. A.would have come B.could come C.have come D.had come 16.A 考查虚拟语气。句意:当我们在做调查的那几个月里,他们一直在国外,否则

的话他们早就来帮我们了。从句中的关键题眼 or 可以知道,此处是虚拟语气,同时根据前 面的 they were abroad 可以知道,此处是对过去状况的虚拟,根据语法规则知,句中谓语动 词用“should/would/could/might +have done”结构,所以选 A 项。 3. A10[2014· 重庆卷] I've ordered some pizza, so we ________ worry about cooking when we get home tired. A. can't B. dare not C. needn't D. may not 3.C 考查情态动词的用法。句意:我已经订了比萨,因此当我们很累地回到家时没 有必要担心做饭的事情。need 表示必要性;can 多表能力或推测;dare 表示胆量;may 则表 示准许或可能。 13. A10[2014· 重庆卷] It was John who broke the window. Why are you talking to me as if I ________ it? A. had done B. have done C. did D. am doing 13.A 考查虚拟语气的用法。as if 后的句子若表示与事实相反,须用虚拟语气。根据 前一句中谓语动词用一般过去时可知,as if 后的句子表示的是与过去事实相反的假设,用过 去完成时。故选 A。 1.[2014· 吉林松原油田高中一调] I ________ sooner but I didn't know that they were waiting for me. A.had come B.was coming C.would come D.would have come 1.D 考查虚拟语气。句意:要不我早来了,但是我不知道他们正在等我。由 but 后的 内容可知“我”不知道他们正在等“我”,因此“我”没有早来。but 后是真实的事实,相 当于一个条件。but 前是对过去的虚拟,主句应该用 would have done。故选 D 项。 2.[2014· 吉林东北四校一联] You ________ get the machine repaired this week. I won't need it until next month. A.mustn't B.needn't C.shouldn't D.can't 2.B 考查情态动词。句意:你这周不必去修理这台机器,我下个月才需要它。mustn't 禁止,不允许;needn't 没有必要;shouldn't 不应该;can't 不能,不可能。由句意可知选 B 项。 3.[2014· 兰州一中模拟] No student ________ go out of the school campus after 10:00 at night without permission according to the school regulations. A.shall B.must C.would D.should 3.A 考查情态动词。句意:根据学校的规定,晚上十点以后,学生未经允许不能离 校。shall 用于第二、三人称时,表示命令、警告、威胁、许可等。故选 A 项。 4.[2014· 山东淄博五中一检] The professor ________ at 8 o'clock, but he has not shown up yet, which worries all of us. A.was supposed to arrive B.must have arrived C.might have arrived D.was supposed arriving 4.A 考查虚拟语气。句意:教授本应该 8 点钟到,但是他还没露面,这让我们担心。

根据后面句子的时态判断此处是对现在情况的推测,而 B、C 选项均为对过去发生的事情的 推测,所以排除 B、C 选项, 故选 A 项。 5.[2014· 吉林实验中学三检] —Who do you think ________ such a foolish thing? —It ________ Tom, but I'm not sure. A.could have done; may have been B.could have done; must have been C.should have done; may be D.must have done; might have been 5.A 考查情态动词的完成式。句意:“你认为谁会做这么愚蠢的事情?”“可能是 汤姆,但我不确定。”第一空填 could have done,could 表示推测的时候,用于疑问句或否 定句中;第二空填 may have been,表示不确定的推测。should have done 本应该做而实际上 没有做;must have done 过去一定做了。故选 A 项。 6.[2014· 江苏无锡一联] It ________ be the vocabulary that caused you the problem in the exercise because you know a lot of words. A.may B.couldn't C.should D.needn't 6.B 考查情态动词。句意:因为你掌握了很多单词,所以,导致你练习中出现问题 的原因不可能是词汇。couldn't 表示否定的推测。故选 B 项。 7.[2014· 云南八校一联] —Would you mind if I set out earlier tomorrow morning? —Well, I'd rather you ________. A.don't B.didn't C.won't D.wouldn't 7.B 考查虚拟语气。句意:“如果我明天早上更早点儿动身你介意吗?”“嗯,我 宁愿你不这样做。”would rather 后面的句子用动词的过去式表达虚拟语气。故选 B 项。 8.[2014· 厦门一中模拟] —How did you do in the test? —Not so well. I ________ much better but I misread the directions for Part D. A.could have done B.could do C.must have done D.should do 8.A 考查情态动词。句意:“你考试考得怎么样?”“不太好。我本能够做得更好 的,但我误解了 D 部分的说明。”对过去情况的推测,用“情态动词+have done”结构。 could have done 本能够做;must have done 过去一定做过。故选 A 项。 9.[2014· 福建龙岩一检] —Mary, do remember to bring your e-dictionary tomorrow. —Sure. I wouldn't if you________ me. A.don't remind B.didn't remind C.haven't reminded D.hadn't reminded 9 . D 考查虚拟语气的用法。句意:“玛丽,一定要记得明天把你的电子词典带 来。 ”“当然。 如果你不提醒我我就忘了。 ”由“I wouldn't?”可知这里考查的是虚拟语气, if 从句表示与过去事实相反时用“hadn't+过去分词”。故选 D。 10.[2014· 沈阳二中模拟] —We are very worried about Tom. Why hasn't he come back? —Don't worry. He ________ in a traffic jam. A.might be caught B.may have been caught

C.can have been caught D.should have been caught 10.B 考查“情态动词+完成式”的用法。句意:“我们非常担心汤姆。为什么他还 没有回来?”“别担心。 他有可能遇到交通堵塞了。 ” may have done 过去可能做了??; can 表示对过去的推测时,一般用于否定句或疑问句中;should have done 过去本应该做却没有 做。故选 B 项。

A11 动词的时态与语态 23. A11[2014· 安徽卷] The twins, who ________ their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground. A.will finish B.finish C.have finished D.had finished 23.D 考查动词的时态。根据语境可知,完成作业是在 were allowed 之前发生的动作, 属于“过去的过去”,应使用过去完成时。句意:已完成作业的双胞胎,被允许到操场上打 羽毛球。故选 D。 22.A11[2014· 北京卷] —Hi, let's go skating. —Sorry, I'm busy right now. I ________ in an application form for a new job. A.fill B.have filled C.am filling D.will fill 22.C 考查动词的时态。根据上下文可知,回答人“正忙着”,所以是“正在填写申 请表格”,用现在进行时,选 C。 31.A11[2014· 北京卷] —What time is it? —I have no idea.But just a minute,I ________ it for you. A.check B.checked C.will check D.would check 31.C 考查动词的时态。根据句意可知说话人不知道现在几点,但是 “将去核实一 下”,应选一般将来时。故选 C。 32. A11[2014· 北京卷] I found the lecture hard to follow because it ________ when I arrived. A.started B.was starting C.would start D.had started 32.D 考查动词的时态。根据句意可知,“我”不能跟上演讲的原因是,“我”到达 的时候演讲已经开始了。“到达”为一般过去时,表述过去的动作。 “已经开始”表达过去 的过去,应该用过去完成时。故选 D。 22. A11[2014· 全国大纲卷] Unless some extra money ________, the theatre will close. A. was found B. finds C. is found D. found 22.C 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:除非找到一些额外的钱,否则剧院将会倒闭。 根据主句的将来时态可知,状语从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时,因为 find 和 money 之 间是被动关系,所以用一般现在时的被动语态。故选 C。 32. A11[2014· 全国大纲卷] The reports went missing in 2012 and nobody ________ them since. A. sees B. saw C. has seen D. had seen 32.C 考查动词的时态。句意:那些报告 2012 年就丢失了,从那以后没有人见过它

们。此题解题的关键词是后面的 since,此处意为“从那以后”,这是现在完成时的标志。 故选 C。 23.A11[2014· 福建卷] —Haven't seen you for ages! Where have you been? —I went to Ningxia and ________ there for one year, teaching as a volunteer. A.stayed B.stay C.had stayed D.am staying 23.A 考查动词的时态。句意:“很久没有见到你了!你去哪里了?”“我去了宁 夏,在那里支教了一年。”根据句意可知,stay 的动作发生在过去,故用一般过去时。 28. A11[2014· 湖南卷] Since the time humankind started gardening, we ________ to make our environment more beautiful. A. try B. have been trying C. are trying D. will try 28. B 考查动词的时态。句意:自人类开始园艺的时期起,我们就一直努力把我们的 环境变得更加美好。根据 since 的提示可知用现在完成时,再根据语境可知,动作 try 从过 去一直持续到现在,而且还要继续进行下去,因此用现在完成进行时。 34. A11[2014· 湖南卷] Whenever you________a present, you should think about it from the receiver's point of view. A. bought B. have bought C. will buy D. buy 34. D 考查动词的时态。句意:不管何时买礼物,你都应该从礼物接收者的角度加以 考虑。 根据主句中的情态动词可知“买”这一动作发生在将来,但是在时间状语从句和条 件状语从句中,不能用一般将来时,而要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。故选 D。 23.A11[2014· 江苏卷] —How much do you know about the Youth Olympic Games to be held in Nanjing? —Well, the media ________ it in a variety of forms. A.cover B.will cover C.have covered D.covered 23 . C 考查动词的时态与语态。句意: “ 你对于即将在南京召开的青奥会知道多 少?”“哦,媒体已经以多种多样的形式对其进行了报道。 ”根据语境可知,此处表示过去 发生的动作对现在造成的影响,故用现在完成时。 24. A11[2014· 江西卷] —Tony, why are your eyes red? — I ________ up peppers for the last five minutes. A. cut B. was cutting C. had cut D. have been cutting 24.D 考查动词的时态。句意:“托尼,为什么你的眼睛发红?”“我在过去的五分 钟内一直在剁辣椒。”根据 for the last five minutes 可知,此处应该用现在完成进行时。此题 易误选 C 项,误以为动作是在“过去的过去”发生的。此句是指过去所做的事对现在的影 响。 1.A11[2014· 山东卷] Writing out all the invitations by hand was more timeconsuming than we________. A.will expect B.are expecting C.expect D.had expected 1.D 考查动词的时态。句意:手写所有的请帖要比我们之前预想的更加耗时。根据 句意可知,expect 动作发生在 was 之前,表示过去的过去,用过去完成时。故选 D。

5.A11[2014· 山东卷] They made up their mind that they________ a new house once Larry changed jobs. A.bought B.would buy C.have bought D.had bought 5.B 考查动词的时态。句意:他们下定决心一旦拉里换了工作他们就会买一所新房 子。that 引导的从句的时态要与主句的时态保持一致,主句用的是一般过去时,再由语境判 断从句用过去将来时。故选 B。 22. A11[2014· 陕西卷] During his stay in Xi'an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends ________. A. would recommend B. had recommended C. have recommended D. were recommending 22. B 考查动词的时态。所填词动作发生在 tried?foods 这一动作之前,即表示“过去 的过去”,用过去完成时,故选 B。 9. A11[2014· 四川卷] She ________ someone, so I nodded to her and went away. A. phoned B. had phoned C. was phoning D. has phoned 9.C 考查动词的时态。根据后一分句“我”只向她点了下头可知她正在打电话,故 使用过去进行时。句意:她正在和某人打电话,所以我向她点了下头便走了。 11. A11[2014· 天津卷] We won't start the work until all the preparations ________. A. are being made B. will be made C. have been made D. had been made 11. C 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:直到所有的准备工作都做完了,我们才开始工 作。根据主句中的关键词 won't start(不会开始)是一般将来时,可知 until 引导的从句用一般 现在时代替一般将来时。如无一般现在时,可用现在完成时代替一般将来时,强调从句动作 的完成性。 11.A11[2014· 浙江卷] Sofia looked around at all the faces: she had the impression that she ________ most of the guests before. A.has seen B.had seen C.saw D.would see 11.B 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:索菲亚看了看周围所有的面孔,她印象中大部 分客人她以前都是见过的。根据句意知,此处 see 的动作发生在过去的过去,同时由题眼 before 可知,该空应该用过去完成时态,故选 B 项。 4. A11[2014· 重庆卷] You'd better write down her phone number before you ________ it. A. forget B. are forgetting C. forgot D. will forget 4.A 考查动词的时态。在时间状语从句、条件状语从句和让步状语从句中,用一般 现在时代替将来时。故选 A。 8. A11[2014· 重庆卷] James has just arrived, but I didn't know he ________ until yesterday. A. will come B. was coming C. had come D. came

8.B 考查动词的时态。该句中的 didn't know 与 until 连用决定了该空的时态是过去进 行时,即“昨天才知道 James 要来”。 1.[2014· 江西赣州联考] I ________ to send him a gift to congratulate him on his marriage, but I ________ it. A.hoped; hadn't managed B.hoped; didn't manage C.hope; don't manage D.had hoped; didn't manage 1.D 考查动词的时态。句意:我本打算送给他一个礼物来恭喜他结婚,但是我没有 做到。从“?but I?it.”可知是本希望做却没做,用 had hoped 表示“原本想做??”, manage 应发生在后,所以用过去时。故选 D 项。 2.[2014· 山东德州摸底] —Have you heard me? —I'm sorry, I ________ you ________ to me. A.don't know; are speaking B.didn't know; were speaking C.don't know; were speaking D.didn't know; are speaking 2.B 考查动词的时态。句意:“你听见我说话了吗?”“对不起,我不知道你在和 我说话。”根据句意可知在说话的时候已经知道了对方是在和自己说话,但之前不知道,故 使用一般过去时;第二空使用过去进行时,表示刚才正在发生的动作。故选 B 项。 3.[2014· 河南周口模拟] —I'll come to see your performance at 9: 00 tomorrow evening. —I'm sorry, but by then my performance ________ and I ________ reporters in the meeting room. A.will have ended; will be meeting B.will end; will meet C.will be ended; am going to meet D.is to end; will meet 3.A 考查动词的时态。句意:“明天晚上 9 点钟我会去看你的演出。”“抱歉,到 那时候我的演出已经结束了,并且我正在会议室里接见记者。”从上下文可知 then 指的是 9:00 tomorrow evening,那么时间状语 by then 就是将来完成时的标志,所以演出结束应该 用将来完成时,后半句是指明天晚上 9 点钟的时候正在接见记者,故选 A 项。 4.[2014· 黑龙江齐齐哈尔实验中学摸底] It is the first time that he ________ here and now it is high time that he ________ around. A.come; should be showed B.has come; was showed C.has come; be showed D.came; was showed 4.B 考查动词的时态和语态。第一个句型“It is the first time that?”后面用现在完成 时, 即用 has done; 第二个句型“It is high time that?”后面用过去时, 或 should do, 但 should 不能省略,而且根据句意要用被动语态。故选 B 项。 【归纳总结】 句型 1:It/This/That is the first/second?time that+主语+have/has done? 句型 2: It/This/That was the first/second?time that+主语+had done? 在固定句型“It is (high/about)time that+主语+谓语动词 (过去式或“should+动词原 形”)”中,should 不可省略,意为“该是某人做某事的时候了”。如:It's high time we got

up/should get up. 该是我们起床的时间了。 5.[2014· 湖南湘中名校联考] —Why are you still here? Everybody has gone to attend the lecture by the president. —Oh, I ________ about it! A.wasn't informed B.hadn't been informed C.haven't informed D.didn't inform 5.A 考查动词的时态和语态。句意:“为什么你仍在这里?大家都去听董事长的讲 话了。”“啊,没人通知我!”inform sb about sth“通知某人某事”,这里是它的被动形式: sb be informed about sth, I 与 inform 之间是被动关系,故排除 C、D;过去完成时表示过去的 过去,是相对的时态,可是这里没有过去的过去,排除 B,故选 A 项。 6.[2014· 福建德化一中二检] —You've left the light on. —Oh, so I have. ________to turn it off. A.I'll go B.I've gone C.I go D.I'm going 6. A 考查动词时态。 句意: “你让灯亮着了。 ”“ 哦, 的确是。 我这就去把它关了。 ” 根据语境可知在对方的提醒下, 说话人才注意到没关灯, 并要去关灯, 所以应该用将来时态。 be going to do 表示按计划或打算要做某事;而“will+动词原形”表示临时的决定。故选 A 项。 7.[2014· 四川资阳一诊] —I am really struck by your spoken English. You speak so fluently. Have you been abroad? —Yes. I ________ in London for two years. A.have stayed B.stayed C.had stayed D.have been staying 7.B 考查动词时态。句意:“我真的被你的口语打动了。你说得如此流利,你出过 国吗?”“是的,我在伦敦待了两年。”从问话中的“Have you been abroad?”可知第二个 人现在不在国外,所以待在伦敦两年发生在过去,用一般过去时,故选 B 项。 8.[2014· 湖南三校联考] According to the schedule, the flight No.232 to Beijing________at 10:30 am. We'd better set out right now, or we'll be late. A.leaves B.left C.will leave D.has left 8.A 考查动词时态。句意:根据时刻表,到北京的 232 号航班在十点半离开。我们 最好现在出发, 否则我们就迟到了。 “根据时刻表即将做某事”用一般现在时代替一般将来 时,故选 A 项。 9.[2014· 浙江六校联考] I ________ glasses since I was in primary school and I hate them. They make me look like a bookworm. A.have worn B.have been wearing C.have been worn D.was wearing 9. B 考查动词时态。句意:从小学起我就一直戴眼镜,我讨厌它们,它们让我看起来 像一个书呆子。戴眼镜的动作是从过去到现在一直在持续,而且还要继续下去,所以用现在 完成进行时,故选 B。 10.[2014· 唐山一中二调] Father ________ for London on business upon my arrival, so I didn't see him. A.has left B.left C.was leaving D.had left

10.D 考查动词时态。句意:我到达的时候父亲已经离开去伦敦出差了,所以我没见 到他。 在“我”到达之前父亲就离开了, 表示过去的动作之前发生的动作应该用过去完成时, 故选 D 项。 A12 数词与主谓一致 32. A12[2014· 湖南卷] All we need ________ a small piece of land where we can plant various kinds of fruit trees throughout the growing seasons of the year. A. are B. was C. is D. were 32. C 考查主谓一致。句意:所有我们需要的只是一小块在一年的成长季节里能够种 植各种各样的果树的土地。all 作主语时,如指复数概念,动词用复数;如指单数概念,动 词用单数。根据后面的 a small piece of land 可知这里表示单数概念。 1. [2014· 郑州四中一调] Every possible means ________ to prevent the air pollution, but the sky is still not clear. A.is used B.are used C.has been used D.have been used 1.C 考查主谓一致。句意:每一种可能的方法都已经被用来防治空气污染,但是天 空仍然不晴朗。 本题主语中的名词 means 是一个单复数同形的名词, 要在具体语境中判断是 单数还是复数。本句中的形容词 every 后面通常要接单数名词,故使用 A、C,根据句意可 知这是已经发生的事情,故使用现在完成时。故选 C 项。 2.[2014· 山东威海模拟] When and where this took place ________ still unknown. A.is B.has C.were D.are 2.A 考查主谓一致。句意:这是在什么时候什么地方发生的还不知道。主语是单个 的主语从句的时候谓语用单数,unknown 是形容词,前面用 be 动词。故选 A 项。 3.[2014· 江西余江一中一模] A teacher of English and class teacher ________ us something about volunteer workers. A.are telling B.is telling C.are given D.were given 3.B 考查主谓一致。句意:一位英语老师兼班主任正在告诉我们一些关于志愿工作 者的事情。本句话的主语是 a teacher of English and class teacher,表示的是一个人,既是英 语老师,又是班主任,故谓语动词使用单数形式。故选 B 项。 4. [2014· 湖南澧县一中一联] I have finished a large part of the novel written by Dickens, the rest of which ________ very difficult. A.is B.are C.was D.were 4.A 考查主谓一致。句意:我已经看完了狄更斯写的小说的一大部分,其余的很难。 定语从句中的主语是 the rest of which。当主语是“the rest of+名词”的时候,谓语取决于名 词,这里 which 指的是 the novel,所以谓语用单数;而且“这部分很难”是客观事实,用一 般现在时。故选 A 项。 5 . [2014· 辽宁抚顺二中模拟 ] ________ without friends ________ the most difficult challenge for Chuck while living on the island. A.How to survive; is B.How does he survive; are C.How does he survive; is D.How to survive; are 5.A 考查主谓一致。句意:当查克住在岛上的时候,在没有朋友的陪伴下怎样生存

对他来说是最难的挑战。 无论是动词不定式还是从句作主语时谓语动词都用单数, 故排除 B、 D;C 项语序不正确,因为从句作主语时是陈述语序。故选 A 项。

A13 名词性从句 30.A13[2014· 北京卷] The best moment for the football star was ________ he scored the winning goal. A.where B.when C.how D.why 30.B 考查名词性从句(表语从句) 。根据题干前半部分中的 moment 一词推断,后面 应该说的是“??的时候”,所以本题选 B。 33.A13[2014· 北京卷] Some people believe ________has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future. A.whatever B.whenever C.wherever D.however 33.A 考查名词性从句(宾语从句)。句意:一些人相信过去发生或现在正发生的事情, 将来仍然会重复。宾语从句中缺少主语,并且指的是事件,所以选 A。 24. A13[2014· 全国大纲卷] Exactly ________ the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain, but it was probably around 1565. A. whether B. why C. when D. how 24.C 考查主语从句的连接词。句意:准确地说,土豆是什么时候被引进欧洲的还不 确定,但可能是在 1565 年左右。此处 when 引导主语从句并在从句中作状语。 34.A13[2014· 福建卷] Pick yourself up. Courage is doing ________ you're afraid to do. A.that B.what C.how D.whether 34.B 考查名词性从句。句意:振作起来。勇气就是做你害怕去做的事。分析句子 结构可知,此处 doing 后接宾语从句,而从句中 do 的后面缺少宾语,故选择 B 项。 24. A13[2014· 湖南卷] As John Lennon once said, life is ________ happens to you while you are busy making other plans. A. which B. that C. what D. where 24. C 考查名词性从句。句意:正如约翰· 列侬曾经说的那样,生活就是当你忙于制 订其他计划时所发生在你身上的事情。引导词既要引导表语从句,又要在从句中作主语。故 用 what。 26.A13[2014· 江苏卷] —What a mess! You are always so lazy! —I'm not to blame, Mum. I am ________ you have made me. A.how B.what C.that D.who 26.B 考查表语从句引导词的用法。句意:“多么混乱啊!你总是这么懒!”“我 不应当受到责备, 妈妈, 都是你让我变成这个样子的。 ”分析句子结构后可知, “________ you have made me”是表语从句,从句中 make 缺少间接宾语,故用 what 引导。 7.A13[2014· 山东卷] It is difficult for us to imagine________ life was like for slaves in the ancient world. A.where B.what

C.which D.why 7.B 考查名词性从句。句意:对我们来说很难想象在古代奴隶的生活是什么样子的。 ________ life was like for slaves in the ancient world 是宾语从句,作 imagine 的宾语,在宾语 从句中,like 后缺少成分,故用 what。 15. A13[2014· 陕西卷] ________ the delayed flight will take off depends much on the weather. A. Why B. When C. That D. What 15.B 考查名词性从句。句意:延误了的航班何时起飞主要取决于天气。所填词引导 主语从句,在从句中作时间状语,用 when,故选 B。 2.A13[2014· 四川卷] Grandma pointed to the hospital and said, “That's ________ I was born.” A.when B.how C.why D.where 2.D 考查名词性从句。此处考查的是名词性从句中的表语从句,根据语境可知选 D 项。句意:奶奶指着那个医院说:“那就是我出生的地方。” 14. A13[2014· 天津卷] I think ________ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses. A. what B. that C. which D. who 14. A 考查名词性从句。句意:我认为他的绘画给我留下深刻印象的是他使用的颜色。 分析句子结构可知,I think 后是宾语从句,从句中谓语动词是 is,其前面是主语从句。从句 中谓语动词 impresses 前又缺主语,需用 what 引导。 8. A13[2014· 浙江卷] “Every time you eat a sweet, drink green tea.” This is ________ my mother used to tell me. A.what B.how C.that D.whether 8.A 考查名词性从句。句意:母亲过去常常告诉我:“每次吃糖的时候,要喝点儿 绿茶。 ”此处是由 what 引导的表语从句, 因为表语从句中缺少 tell 的间接宾语, 所以用 what 引导,选 A 项。 12. A13[2014· 重庆卷 ] —Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday? —Yeah, but I have no idea ________ he did it; that's one of his favourite universities. A. when B. why C. that D. how 12.B 考查同位语从句的用法。此题易误选 C,但后句对 Mike 拒绝耶鲁大学的录取 意愿感到意外,因为耶鲁大学是 Mike 最喜欢的大学之一,因此回答者对 Mike 放弃耶鲁大 学感到不可思议。若用 that 仅表示不知道此事,但事实上已经知道。故选 B。 1.[2014· 山东威海模拟] I've put a cross on the map to show ________ that famous hotel is. A.where B.wherever C.what D.whatever 1.A 考查宾语从句。句意:我在地图上画了一个叉表示那个著名的旅店在什么地方。 show 后面是宾语从句, 宾语从句中缺少地点。 wherever 和 whatever 可以引导让步状语从句, whatever 引导宾语从句的时候,表示“无论什么”,故选 A 项。 2. [2014· 开封十校联考] In my opinion, ________ matters is whether we can win together as

a team instead of individuals. A.how B.it C.that D.what 2.D 考查主语从句。句意:在我看来,重要的是是否我们能作为团体获胜,而不是 作为个人。what 引导的是主语从句,在主语从句中 what 作主语,故选 D 项。 3.[2014· 成都石室中学月考] There are some warnings in some countries ________ over exploitation of underground water has caused the decline of wetland and increase of desertification. A.which B.where C.what D.that 3.D 考查同位语从句。句意:一些国家出现了一些警示,过分地开采地下水已经导 致湿地的减少和沙漠化的增加。空格后面是同位语,说明 warnings 的内容,因为同位语从 句的成分和意思都是完整的,用 that 连接,that 不作成分,只起到连接的作用,但不能省略。 which 哪个;where 哪里;what 什么。故选 D 项。 4.[2014· 浙江衢州一中月考] —These days I feel exhausted and lack strength. —That's ________too much drinking and poor diet lead. A.what B.which C.why D.where 4.D 考查表语从句。句意:“这些日子我感觉很疲惫,没有力气。”“那就是(喝) 太多的酒和(吃)不好的饮食带来的影响。”A、B 两项在句中要作为主语或者宾语或者表语。 why 在句中作原因状语。故选 D 项。 5.[2014· 成都石室中学月考] ________ watched the 2012 London Olympic Games agreed that some Chinese athletes performed perfectly, such as Sun Yang and Ye Shiwen. A.Anyone B.Whichever C.Whoever D.Whatever 5.C 考查主语从句。句意:任何一个看过 2012 年伦敦奥运会的人都同意以下观点: 一些中国运动员表现得很好,如孙杨和叶诗文。主语从句缺少连接词,whoever 引导主语从 句=anyone who。whichever 无论哪个;whatever 无论什么。故选 C 项。 6. [2014· 山西忻州联考] It is well known ________ a person eats causes changes in the body. A.what B.that what C.what that D.that 6.B 考查主语从句。句意:一个人吃的东西会导致身体的改变,这是众所周知的。 此处是“It is well known that?”句型, it 是形式主语, that 引导的从句是真正的主语, 在 that 引导的主语从句中也有个主语从句,而且这个主语从句缺少宾语,用 what 连接,故选 B 项。 7.[2014· 山东德州模拟] Everyone is different and that is ________ makes our world so much better. A.that B.which C.what D.who 7.C 本句中的 what makes our world so much better 是一个表语从句,与前面的系动词 is 构成系表结构。what 在句中既作主语,又引导这个表语从句。that 在表语从句中不充当任 何成分;which 指特定范围之内的某一个;who 指代的是人。句意:每个人都是不一样的, 正是如此,我们这个世界才更加美好。故选 C 项。 8.[2014· 山东枣庄三中模拟] Sarah hopes to become a friend of ________ shares her interests. A.anyone B.whomever

C.whoever D.no matter who 8.C 考查宾语从句。句意:萨拉希望和分享她兴趣的人交朋友。 whoever shares her interests 是宾语从句,作介词 of 的宾语。whoever 在从句中作的是主语。“no matter+疑问 词”只能引导让步状语从句,不能引导名词性从句,排除 D。空格处在引导的从句中作主 语,排除 B。故选 C 项。 9. [2014· 郑州四中三调] ________ the PX project will be called off depends, for it still needs more research and discussion. A.That B.Whether C.Where D.What 9.B 考查主语从句。句意:PX 工程是否会被取消还要视情况而定,因为它还需要更 多的研究和讨论。前面的主语从句 the PX project will be called off 是一个被动语态的形式, 句子结构完整,不能使用 what;where,that 与上下文的意思不匹配。故选 B 项。 10.[2014· 绍兴一中摸底] What is concerning us greatly is ________ the workers held up in that area yesterday will be set free. A.that B.what C.when D.which 10.C 句意:让我们非常担忧的是昨天在那个地区被拦截的工人们什么时候被释放。 分析结构可知此处是表语从句,从句中不缺少成分,但是意思不完整,由此可知要用连接副 词,故选 C 项。

A14 状语从句 25. A14[2014· 安徽卷] The meaning of the word “nice” changed a few times ________ it finally came to include the sense “pleasant”. A.before B.after C.since D.while 25.A 考查状语从句的连接词。根据 finally 可知,从句谓语动词的动作后于主句的谓 语动词的动作而发生,据此可排除 B 和 C,while 引导时间状语从句时,表示主句和从句谓 语动词的动作同时发生。 句意: “nice”一词的含义变化了数次, 直到最后它才包括了“pleasant” 的含义。故选 A。 29.A14[2014· 北京卷] ________ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year. A.As B.When C.Even though D.In case 29.C 考查状语从句。句意:即使(尽管)那个森林公园很远,每年还是有很多人去参 观。even though 意为“即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句;in case 引导目的状语从句。故 选 C。 26. A14[2014· 湖南卷] You will never gain success________you are fully devoted to your work. A. when B. because C. after D. unless 26. D 考查状语从句。句意:如果你不是全身心地投入到工作中去,你永远不可能获 得成功。此处 unless 相当于 if not,表示含有否定意义的条件。 21. A14[2014· 江苏卷] Lessons can be learned to face the future, ________ history cannot be changed.

A.though B.as C.since D.unless 21.A 考查状语从句连接词的用法。句意:尽管历史不可能被改变,但是我们可以吸取教 训来迎接未来。根据语境可知此处用 though 引导让步状语从句,故 A 项正确。 35. A14[2014· 江西卷] It was the middle of the night ________ my father woke me up and told me to watch the football game. A. that B. as C. which D. when 35.D 考查状语从句。句意:当我父亲叫醒我,告诉我看球赛的时候是半夜。when 在此引导时间状语从句。此题易误选 A 项,原因是把此句看成了强调句型,要注意分析句 子成分。 24. A14[2014· 陕西卷] The young couple, who returned my lost wallet, left ________ I could ask for their names. A. while B. before C. after D. since 24. B 考查状语从句。句意:那对归还了我钱包的年轻夫妻在我询问他们的姓名之前 已经离开了。所填词引导时间状语从句,意思是“在??之前”,故选 B。 8. A14[2014· 四川卷] I'll be out for some time. ________ anything important happens, call me up immediately. A. In case B. As if C. Even though D. Now that 8.A 考查状语从句。in case 万一,以防;as if 好像;even though 即使;now that 既然, 由于。句意:我要出去一会儿。万一发生了什么重要的事情,马上给我打电话。根据句意可 知选 A 项。 4. A14[2014· 天津卷] ________ you start eating in a healthier way, weight control will become much easier. A. Unless B. Although C. Before D. Once 4. D 考查状语从句。unless 如果不,除非,引导条件状语从句;although 虽然,尽管, 引导让步状语从句;before 以前,引导时间状语从句;once 一旦,引导时间状语从句。句 意:一旦你开始用健康的方式吃饭,体重控制将会变得容易多了。 15.A14[2014· 浙江卷] Cathy had quit her job when her son was born ________ she could stay home and raise her family. A.now that B.as if C.only if D.so that 15.D 考查状语从句。句意:凯西在她儿子出生的时候就辞去了工作,这样她就能在 家里照顾家人了。根据句意知,此处是 so that 引导的目的状语从句,同时由从句中的 could 也可以推断出应该选 so that。now that 既然;as if 似乎;only if 只要。 14. A14[2014· 重庆卷] Half an hour later, Lucy still couldn't get a taxi ________ the bus had dropped her. A. until B. when C. although D. where 14. D 考查地点状语从句的用法。 主句“Lucy couldn't get a taxi?”和从句“?the bus had dropped her.”均需要地点状语。故选 D。 1.[2014· 山西忻州联考] You should try to get a good night sleep ________ much work you

have to do. A.however B.whatever C.no matter D.although 1.A 考查让步状语从句。句意:无论你有多少工作要做,你都该保证充足的睡眠。 however/no matter how 可以引导让步状语从句,结构是:however/no matter how+adj./adv. +主语+谓语。B 项 whatever 应该接名词,C 项少了 how,D 项 although 不能接倒装句。故 选 A 项。 2.[2014· 北京四十四中期中] ________ I say Clancy is a smart boy, he still needs to work hard to achieve his goal. A.Then B.When C.While D.As 2.C 考查连词的用法。句意:虽然我说克兰西是一个聪明的男孩,但他仍需努力工 作来实现他的目标。as 引导让步状语从句时,要倒装。故选 C 项。 3.[2014· 北京四十四中期中] ________ , the players began the game. A.Having taken our seats B.Taking our seats C.Being taken the seats D.After we had taken our seats 3.D 考查状语从句的用法。句意:我们坐下之后,运动员开始比赛。当主句的主语 和从句的主语不一致时,不能用分词作状语。故选 D 项。 4.[2014· 湖南桑植一中二联] It was quite a long time ________ I figured out what had happened to the manager. A.after B.before C.when D.since 4.B 考查连词的用法。句意:过了很长时间我才弄清经理发生了什么。这句话用了 固定句型:It is+一段时间+before+从句.表示“过了很长时间才??”。“It is+一段时 间+since?,”表示“自从??有多久了”。 5.[2014· 重庆一中期中] It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life ________ we've actually had that lesson. A.until B.after C.since D.when 5.A 考查连词的用法。句意:在我们的生活中,直到我们真正经历那一课才会学会 那一课。until 直到??才;after 在?? 之后;since 自从;when 当??时候。 6.[2014· 安徽江淮十校一联] —When will the visas be ready, sir? —________ everything goes well, you should get them in 14 workdays. A.Although B.As far as C.Unless D.As long as 6.D 考查连词的用法。句意:“签证什么时候可以下来,先生?”“只要一切顺利, 14 个工作日之后你就可以拿到了。”although 虽然;as far as 据??,就??;unless 除非, 如果不;as long as 只要。 7.[2014· 江西余江一中模拟] When you read the book, you'd better make a mark ________ you have any questions. A.at which B.at where C.the place D.where

7.D 考查地点状语从句。句意:当你读书的时候,你最好在你有问题的地方做好标 志。本句很容易会想到使用定语从句,但是根据句意可知该句缺少表示地点的先行词,故使 用 where 引导地点状语从句。故选 D 项。 8 . [2014· 江 西 余 江 一 中 模 拟 ] ________ you lose the paper document, sign in www.sina.com,________ you might download all you need. A.If; which B.So long as; what C.In case; where D.Even if; as 8.C 考查连词辨析和定语从句。句意:以防你丢失纸质文档,你可以在新浪网上签 字,在那里你可以下载你需要的一切。if“如果”,引导条件句;so long as 只要;in case 以 防万一;even if 即使,尽管。根据句意可知第一空使用 in case,第二空是一个定语从句,从 句的句子结构完整,故使用关系副词 where 引导这个定语从句,修饰先行词 www.sina.com。 故选 C 项。 9. [2014· 辽宁大连育明高级中学模拟] I'll go to the party with you ________ you don't wear those strange trousers. A.as though B.in order that C.in that D.providing 9.D 考查状语从句。句意:倘若你不穿那么怪异的裤子的话,我就和你一起去聚会。 as though 仿佛; in order that 为了; in that 在于; providing 假如。 从语境可知后面句子“?you don't wear those strange trousers.”是前面句子“I'll go to the party with you”的条件。 故选 D 项。 10.[2014· 云南名校一联] I was feeling left out in the new school ________Alice, an easy- going girl from Canada, came to stay with me. A.if B.once C.when D.unless 10.C 考查连词的用法。if 如果;once 一旦;when 这时;unless 除非。根据句意可 知选 C 项。

A15 定语从句 22. A15[2014· 安徽卷] The exact year________Anglela and her family spent together in China was 2008. A.when B.where C.why D.which 22.D 考查定语从句的关系词。本题先行词为 year,在定语从句中作及物动词 spent 的宾语,因此选用关系代词 which。 26.A15[2014· 北京卷] I borrowed the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, ________my classmates recommended to me. A.who B.which C.when D.where 26.B 考查定语从句。根据题干信息,定语从句的先行词为 book,定语从句中缺乏宾 语,加之逗号后为非限制性定语从句,所以本题选 B。 31 . A15[2014· 福 建 卷 ] Students should involve themselves in community activities ________ they can gain experience for growth. A.who B.when

C.which D.where 31.D 考查定语从句。句意:学生应该使他们自己参与到团体活动中来,在这些活 动中他们可以获得成长经验。根据句意可知,所填词引导定语从句,先行词是 activities,并 且从句中的主谓宾成分是齐全的,且不需要表示时间,故选择 D 项。 31. A15[2014· 湖南卷] I am looking forward to the day ________ my daughter can read this book and know my feelings for her. A. as B. why C. when D. where 31. C 考查定语从句。句意:我一直期待着我的女儿能读懂这本书,能明白我对她的 感情的那一天。关系副词 when 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 day,在从句中作时间状语。 22 . A15[2014· 江苏卷 ] The book has helped me greatly in my daily communication, especially at work ________ a good impression is a must. A.which B.when C.as D.where 22.D 考查定语从句。句意:这本书在我的日常交流方面给予了我很大帮助,尤其是 在必须给别人留下一个好印象的工作中。分析句子结构可知,先行词为抽象名词 work,定 语从句中缺少地点状语,故用 where 引导。 28. A15[2014· 江西卷] Among the many dangers ________ sailors have to face, probably the greatest of all is fog. A. which B. what C. where D. when 28.A 考查定语从句。句意:在水手们必须面对的许多危险中,也许最大的是雾。此 题易误选 C 项,原因是没有分析清楚从句的句子成分。which 在此引导定语从句,修饰先行 词 dangers,同时在从句中作 face 的宾语。 10.A15[2014· 山东卷] A company ________profits from home markets are declining may seek opportunities abroad. A.which B.whose C.who D.why 10.B 考查定语从句。句意:一个来自国内市场的利润在下降的公司可能会寻找国外 机会。a company 是先行词,其后是定语从句,定语从句的主语是 profits,缺少定语,故选 B。 13. A15[2014· 陕西卷] Please send us all the information ________ you have about the candidate for the position. A. that B. which C. as D. what 13.A 考查定语从句。先行词是 information,指物,关系词在从句中作及物动词 have 的宾语,且先行词用不定代词 all 修饰,关系词只能用 that,故选 A。 4.A15[2014· 四川卷] Until now, we have raised 50,000 pounds for the poor children, ________ is quite unexpected. A.that B.which C.who D.it 4.B 考查定语从句。此处 which 指代整个主句内容引导非限制性定语从句,which 在 定语从句中作主语。句意:到现在为止,我们已经为那些贫穷的孩子们筹集到了 50 000 英 镑,这是完全没有预料到的。

12. A15[2014· 天津卷] English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, ________ uses it differently. A. all of which B. each of which C. all of them D. each of them 12. B 考查定语从句和主谓一致。句意:英语是一种被好几种不同文化共同使用的语 言,每一种文化使用它时都是不同的。首先 A 项和 C 项中的 all 暗示空格后用 use,故排除 A、C;根据空格后的 uses 使用的是一般现在时,可知空格处需用单数名词或代词,可选 B、 D;再根据 uses 是谓语动词,可知空格处是主语,只有 each of which 能作主语,并构成了定 语从句。 5. A15[2014· 浙江卷] I didn't become a serious climber until the fifth grade, ________ I went up to rescue a kite that was stuck in the branches of a tree. A.when B.where C.which D.why 5.A 考查定语从句。句意:我直到五年级才成为一个真正的攀登者,那一年我爬上 了树枝去够一只被卡的风筝。该句中的先行词是 the fifth grade,此处先行词在定语从句中作 时间状语,应该用关系副词 when。故选 A 项。定语从句的关键是:在主句中找出先行词, 然后把先行词“代入”从句中, 判断其在从句中的“地位”和“作用”。 如果作主语和宾语, 用关系代词 who, whom, that 和 which;如果作状语,则用 when, where, why 等。 9. A15[2014· 重庆卷] We'll reach the sales targets in a month ________ we set at the beginning of the year. A. which B. where C. when D. what 9. A 考查定语从句的用法。 此处先行词 targets 被 in a month 所扰, 考生容易错把 month 当成先行词而误选 C。targets 在定语从句中作 set 的宾语,所以关系词应用 which 或 that。 故选 A。 1.[2014· 湖南桑植一中一联] Nowadays almost everyone prefers to use a smart mobile phone________ functions are more practical. A.which B.where C.what D.whose 1.D 考查定语从句。句意:现在几乎每个人都更喜欢使用智能手机,因为它的功能 更加实用。先行词是 a smart mobile phone,定语从句中缺少定语,用 whose 引导定语从句, 故选 D 项。 2 . [2014· 长春外国语学校模拟 ] Is this the reason ________ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A.he explained B.what he explained C.how he explained D.why he explained 2.A 句意:这就是他在会上为他工作中的粗心做出的解释吗?此题目考查的是定语 从句,其中 explain 缺少宾语,故关系词应使用代词,排除 C、D;what 不能引导定语从句, 故选 A 项。 3 . [2014· 四川泸县九中模拟 ] Being a Chinese, I feel proud of my country and the contributions ________have been made to the world culture. A.that B.what C.it D.one 3.A 句意:作为一个中国人,我为我的国家和它对世界文化所做的贡献感到自豪。 这句话是定语从句,先行词是 the contributions,定语从句中缺少主语,用 that 或 which 引导

定语从句。B、C、D 项均不能引导定语从句,故选 A 项。 4.[2014· 湖南三校联考] —Sunday is a public holiday, ________children should get close to nature. —But most of them have several lessons to attend. A.where B.which C.in which D.when 4. D 考查定语从句。 句意: “星期天是个公共假日, 这时孩子们应该接近大自然。 ” “但 是大多数孩子有课要上。 ”先行词是 a public holiday,定语从句中缺少时间状语,用 when 引 导定语从句,故选 D 项。 5. [2014· 山东淄博五中一检] He got himself into a difficult situation ________he must make a final decision all by himself. A.which B.what C.when D.where 5. D 句意:他让自己陷入了一个很难的处境,在这种情形下他必须完全靠自己做出最 终决定。从结构可知 situation 后是定语从句,从句句意完整,应该用关系副词引导从句,而 situation 是抽象地点名词,所以用 where 引导。故选 D 项。 6. [2014· 浙江衢州一中摸底] My friend showed me round the town, ________was very kind of him. A.which B.that C.where D.it 6.A 句意:我的朋友带我参观了这个城镇,他真是太好了。本题是一个非限制性定 语从句,which 指代前面一句话的内容,在从句中作主语。that 不能引导非限制性定语从句; where 在从句中只能作状语;it 不能引导定语从句。故选 A 项。 7.[2014· 江西吉安白鹭洲中学摸底] The Voice of China is such a popular programme with viewers ________has produced many a music-lover. A.who B.that C.where D.as 7.D 句意: 《中国好声音》是一个受观众欢迎的节目,这个节目培养了很多音乐爱好 者。分析句子结构可知________has produced many a music-lover 是定语从句,修饰先行词 programme,定语从句中缺少主语,应该选关系代词,而当先行词前有 such,the same,so 等修饰时,定语从句要用 as 引导。故选 D 项。 8.[2014· 黑龙江泰来一中模拟] The weather that day may not be as good as expected, in ________ case we will have to put off the event. A.what B.that C.this D.which 8.D 9.[2014· 河南周口模拟] In the past few years, My Heart Will Go On was a popular song among young people, ________ were often heard singing it at parties. A.they B.that C.who D.which 9.C 考查非限制性定语从句。句意:在过去的几年里, 《我心永恒》这首歌在年轻人 中很受欢迎,经常在聚会上听到他们在唱这首歌。定语从句缺少主语,且指人,故用 who 引导非限制性定语从句,that 不能引导非限制性定语从句。故选 C 项。 10.[2014· 辽宁铁岭一中模拟] ________ is often the case with her, my mother talked about my study for at least half an hour non-stop before she drove me to school yesterday. A.As B.Which C.What D.That

10.A 考查定语从句。本题考查 as 引导的非限制性定语从句,as 指代后面的句子, which 不可放在句首,故选 A 项。 A16 特殊句式 26. A16[2014· 全国大纲卷] ________the nurses want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as well. A. Not do only B. Do not only C. Only not do D. Not only do 26.D 考查倒装句。句意:护士们不仅要求涨工资而且也要求减少劳动时间。此处后 面的 but also 被省略,not only 引导的句子臵于句首时,要部分倒装。故选 D。 33. A16[2014· 全国大纲卷] ________ me tomorrow and I'll let you know the lab result. A. Calling B. Call C. To call D. Having called 33.B 考查特殊句式。句意:明天给我打电话,我会告诉你实验的结果。此句是祈使 句,故用动词原形。故选 B。 28.A16[2014· 福建卷] The climate here is quite pleasant, the temperature rarely, ________, reaching 30℃ in summer. A.if not B.if ever C.if any D.if so 28.B 考查特殊句式 (省略)。句意:这儿的气候很宜人。在夏天时,气温很少达到 30℃,如果曾经有过的话。根据句意可知,条件句应该是 if the temperature ever reaches 30℃ in summer,其省略形式是 if ever,故选择 B 项。 if not 如果不;if any 如果(有)任何(??); if so 如果这样。 29. A16[2014· 福建卷] It was the culture, rather than the language, ________made it hard for him to adapt to the new environment abroad. A.where B.why C.that D.what 29.C 考查特殊句式(强调句型)。句意:正是文化而非语言使得他很难适应国外的新 环境。 本句去掉 it was 和 that 之后, 剩余部分仍然能够构成一个结构正确、 意义完整的句子, 故确定其为强调句型,选择 C 项。 29. A16 [2014· 湖南卷 ] Only when you can find peace in your heart ________ good relationships with others. A. will you keep B. you will keep C. you kept D. did you keep 29. A 考查倒装句。句意:只有当你内心感觉平和时,你才能与别人保持良好的关系。 副词 only 位于句首,引起部分倒装,可排除 B、C;根据时间状语从句中的时态可排除 D 项。 30. A16[2014· 湖南卷] ________what you're doing today important, because you're trading a day of your life for it. A. Make B. To make C. Making D. Made 30. A 考查祈使句。句意:使你今天正在做的变得重要,因为你正在用你生命中的一 天与之交换。题干中逗号后是一个原因状语从句,因此前面必须是一个主句才能成立。只有 用动词原形才能构成一个祈使句,才是一个完整的句子。 33. A16[2014· 湖南卷] It's not doing the things we like, but liking the things we have to do

________ makes life happy. A. that B. which C. what D. who 33. A 考查强调句型。句意:使生活变得更加快乐的不是做我们喜欢的事,而是喜欢 我们必须要做的事。这里是强调句型,把 it's 和 that 去掉之后,句子仍成立。 17. A16[2014· 陕西卷] No sooner ________ stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause. A. had Mo Yan B. Mo Yan had C. has Mo Yan D. Mo Yan has 17. A 考查特殊句式。no sooner?than?引导时间状语从句,且当 no sooner 位于主句 句首时, 主句用部分倒装形式, 即将主句谓语中的助动词、 系动词或情态动词提到其主语前, 故选 A。 3.A16[2014· 四川卷] Was it because Jack came late for school ________ Mr Smith got angry? A.why B.who C.where D.that 3.D 考查特殊句式。此题考查的是强调句的一般疑问句,所强调的成分为原因状语 从句 because Jack came late for school,故用 that。句意:是不是因为杰克上学迟到老师才生 气的? 1. A16[2014· 天津卷] Give me a chance, ________ I'll give you a wonderful surprise. A. if B. or C. and D. while 1. C 考查并列句。句意:给我一个机会,我会给你一个绝妙的惊喜。本句是一个表示 顺接关系的句子,故用 and 连接。if 表示“如果”,引导条件状语从句;or 表示“否则,要 不然”, 表示一种相反的假设; while 意为“当??时候”, 引导时间状语从句, 若意为“虽 然,尽管” ,则引导让步状语从句。 10. A16[2014· 重庆卷] —I spent two weeks in London last summer. —Then you must have visited the British Museum during your stay, ________ you? A. mustn't B. haven't C. didn't D. hadn't 10.C 考查特殊句型的用法。在“?must have done?”这个表示对过去的推测的句型 中,反义疑问句不可用 must 的任何形式,因为 must 用于表推测时仅能用于肯定句。若语境 中有明确地表示过去的时间状语, 反义疑问句必须用过去时的否定式, 若没有明确地表示过 去的时间状语且强调现状则用完成时。该题中上句有 last summer,故选 C。 1.[2014· 衡水中学二模] You must have read about Mark Twain long ago, ________? A.mustn't you B.haven't you C.didn't you D.needn't you 1. C 考查反意疑问句。 句中含有“must/can/can't/may/might/should+have done”结构, 并且句中有表示过去的时间状语, 其反意疑问句部分用 didn't; 若没有表示过去的时间状语, 反意疑问句部分用 haven't 或 hasn't。故选 C 项。 2.[2014· 绍兴一中模拟] —Do you know ________ they got to know each other? —It was last year________ they both taught Chinese in Scotland. A.when it was that; when B.when was it that; while

C.when it was that; that D.when was it that; as 2.A 考查强调句。句意:“你知道他们是什么时候彼此认识的吗?”“他们是去年 在苏格兰教汉语的时候认识的。”从结构可知 know 后面是宾语从句,从句要用陈述语序, 所以排除 B、D 选项。根据语境可知答语是省略了 that they got to know each other 部分的强 调句,last year 后面是定语从句,而从句主干完整,故 last year 在从句中作状语,使用关系 副词 when,故选 A 项。 3.[2014· 湖南师大附中模拟] ________ what the six blind men said sounded! A.How foolishly B.How foolish C.What foolishly D.What foolish 3.B 考查感叹句。句意:这六个盲人说的话听起来多么愚蠢啊!句中系动词 sound 后应接形容词。故选 B 项。该句可改为:What the six blind men said sounded foolish! 4.[2014· 湖南两校一联] I don't think David could have done such a stupid thing last night, ________? A.did he B.didn't he C.do I D.don't I 4.A 考查反意疑问句。句意:我相信大卫昨晚不可能做这么愚蠢的事情,是吗?主 句如果是否定前移的句式,且主语是第一人称,反意问句要和从句的时态和人称一致。本句 中,从句的谓语是 could have done 这种情况要看有没有具体的过去时间,如果有,就是一般 过去时,如果没有,就是现在完成时,这句话有 last night,应该是一般过去时,因为前面否 定,所以反意问句用肯定,选 A 项。 5.[2014· 安徽马鞍山二中模拟] Wow, you are in high spirits. ________ makes you so happy? A.What it is that B.What is it that C.What is that D.What it that 5.B 考查强调句的特殊疑问句。句意:喔,你情绪高涨。什么使你如此高兴?强调 句的特殊问句的结构是:疑问词+is/was+that+其余部分。故选 B 项。 6.[2014· 福建尤溪一中模拟] ________, so he didn't come to school last week. A.Though he was ill B.Being ill C.Having been ill D.He was ill 6.D 句意:他生病了,所以他上周没来上学。因为这里有并列连词 so,所以逗号前 的句子不需要连词,故排除 A;同理也不能使用非谓语动词,排除 B、C 项。故选 D 项。 7.[2014· 辽宁五校联考] He had to sell his luxury car, ________ his company was in debt. A.before B.until C.while D.for 7.D 考查并列句的用法。句意:他不得不卖掉自己的豪华车,因为他的公司负债了。 before 在??之前;until 直到;while 当??时,尽管,然而;for 因为(对前一分句起补充 说明作用)。故选 D 项。 8.[2014· 湖南十三校一联] Only after one has become a parent ________ how great his parents are. A.he will realize B.will he realize C.that he realizes D.he does realize 8. B 考查倒装句。 句意: 只有一个人为人父母了, 他才知道他的父母是多么伟大。 “only +副词/介词短语/状语从句”放在句首时,后面的主句要进行部分倒装,即助动词/be 动词/

情态动词放在主语前面,故选 B 项。 9.[2014· 河南开封模拟] No sooner ______ at the airport than she was surrounded by many reporters. A.has the star arrived B.the star has arrived C.the star had arrived D.had the star arrived 9.D 考查特殊句式的倒装。no sooner?than?“一??就??” ,引导时间状语从句, no sooner 放句首,用部分倒装,排除 B、C。根据 was 可知,用过去完成时,排除 A。故选 D 项。 10.[2014· 海淀区模拟] Jenny, the newcomer, has earned not only the trust of her classmates but also ________ of her teachers. A.one B.ones C.that D.those 10.C 考查替代词的用法。句意:新来的珍妮不仅赢得了同学们的信任也赢得了老师 们的信任。that 特指前面出现的不可数名词或可数名词单数;one 泛指前面出现的可数名词 单数;ones 泛指前面出现的可数名词复数;those 特指前面出现的可数名词复数。这里需要 代词指代 trust。故选 C 项。 11. [2014· 沈阳二中模拟] ________, Guo Mingyi makes his effort to help those in poverty. A.Not rich although he is B.In spite of not rich C.Though not rich D.As he is not rich 11.C 考查状语从句的省略。句意:虽然不富有,但是郭明义努力帮助那些贫穷的人。 C 项是省略的表达,完整的是 though he is not rich,主从句的主语一致的时候,可以省略从 句主语和 be 动词,选 C 项。 12.[2014· 兰州八校联考] The door opened and there____________. A.entering our English teacher B.entered our English teacher C.did our English teacher enter D.our English teacher entered 12.B 考查倒装句。句中 and 后面的句子是倒装句。英语中方位副词 here,there,up, down,away 等词放在句首,而且主语是名词的时候,句子用完全倒装,谓语动词放在主语 前面,选 B 项。 A17 情景交际 21. A17[2014· 安徽卷] —Reading is the best way to pass time on the train. —________. I never go travelling without a book. A.You are joking B.That's true C.I don't think so D.It sounds like fun 21.B 考查交际用语。答语使用的是双重否定,即为肯定含义,相当于 “I always go travelling with a book./I go travelling with a book every time.”与第一个人说的话意思相同,说 明其对第一个人的话是赞同的。句意:“在火车上阅读是最好的打发时间的方法。”“说得 太对了。我出行绝对不会不带书的。”故选 B。 35. A17[2014· 安徽卷] —I get at least half an hour of exercise almost every day. —Oh great! ________. A.Good luck B.Cheer up

C.Same to you D.Keep it up 35.D 考查交际用语。good luck“祝你好运”,用于对方即将参加有风险、需要运气 的活动。cheer up“振作起来”,用于对方情绪低落时为其打气、鼓劲。same to you“也祝 你??” ,用于对方的祝愿语也适用于对方的情形。keep it up“坚持下去”,鼓励对方将某 事坚持做下去。句意:“我每天至少要锻炼半小时。”“哦,真不错!坚持下去。” 21. A17[2014· 全国大纲卷] —I'm sorry for breaking the cup. —Oh, ________—I've got plenty. A. forget it B. my pleasure C. help yourself D. pardon me 21.A 考查情景交际。句意:“对不起,打坏了你的杯子。”“噢,没关系。我还有 很多呢。 ”此处 forget it 意为“得了吧,算了吧,没关系”。根据句意选 A。 35.A17[2014· 福建卷] —I can't remember those grammar rules! —________. Practise more. A.You're not alone B.It's hard to say C.I'm afraid not D.It's up to you 35.A 考查情景交际。句意:“我无法记住那些语法规则!”“不只你一个人这样。 多练习一下。”You're not alone.你不是孤单的(不只你一个人)。It's hard to say.很难说。I'm afraid not.恐怕不行。It's up to you.由你决定。根据句意可知选择 A 项。 35.A17[2014· 江苏卷] —________!Somebody has left the lab door open. —Don't look at me. A.Dear me B.Hi, there C.Thank goodness D.Come on 35.A 考查情景交际。句意: “哎呀!有人竟然开着实验室的门! ” “别看着我。 ”Dear me 意为“哎呀,天啊”,表示惊讶,符合语境。Hi, there 意为“你好”,用于陌生人之间 的打招呼; Thank goodness 意为“谢天谢地,幸亏”; Come on 意为“来吧”,表示鼓励。 B、C、D 三项均不符合语境。 21. A17[2014· 江西卷] —Could I use this dictionary? —________. It's a spare one. A. Good idea B. Just go ahead C. You're welcome D. You'd better not 21.B 考查情景交际。句意:“我能用这本字典吗?”“用吧,这是多余的一本。” 根据“It's a spare one.”可知,后者同意前者使用这本字典。good idea 意为“好主意”,一般 用来回答别人的建议; just go ahead 意为“用吧”, 用来表示同意, 符合语境; you're welcome 意为“不用谢”;you'd better not 意为“最好不要”,表示不同意。 3.A17[2014· 山东卷] —This apple pie is too sweet, don't you think so? —________. I think it's just right, actually. A.Not really B.I hope so C.Sounds good D.No wonder 3.A 考查情景交际。句意:“这个苹果派太甜了,难道你不是这样认为的?” “不完 全是。实际上我认为它恰到好处。 ”Not really.不完全是。I hope so.我希望如此。Sounds good. 听起来很好。No wonder.难怪。根据答语“I think it's just right, actually.”可知,不是完全同意 对方的观点。故选 A。 8.A17[2014· 山东卷] —Is Anne coming tomorrow? —________.If she were to come, she would have called me.

A.Go ahead B.Certainly C.That's right D.I don't think so 8.D 考查情景交际。句意:“安妮明天要来吗?”“我想她不会来的。如果她来的 话,就给我打电话了。”根据句中的“?she would have called me.”可知安妮没有打电话, 所以认为她不会来。 Go ahead.干吧, 前进。 Certainly.当然可以, 一定。 That's right.对了。 I don't think so.我不这样认为。故选 D。 11. A17[2014· 陕西卷] —I got that job I wanted at the public library. —________! That's good news. A. Go ahead B. Cheers C. Congratulations D. Come on 11.C 考查交际用语。Go ahead!请吧!继续!Cheers!干杯!Congratulations!祝贺 你!Come on!来吧!加油!得了吧!根据答句的后一分句可知此处表示祝贺,故选 C。 16. A17[2014· 陕西卷] —You know, I met my girlfriend's parents for the first time only yesterday. —________? I thought you'd met them before. A. So what B. Pardon C. Really D. What for 16.C 考查交际用语。根据答句的后一分句可以推断出所填词表示惊讶,意思应该是 “真的吗?”故选 C。So what?那又怎样?Pardon?对不起,请你再说一遍。What for?为 什么? 10. A17[2014· 四川卷] —How about dinner tonight? It's on me. —________. A. You are welcome B. Oh, I'd like to C. Well, I'm afraid so D. That's all right 10.B 考查情景交际。You are welcome. 不客气,不用谢。I'd like to. 我愿意,我乐意。 I'm afraid so. 恐怕是这样。That's all right. 不用谢,没关系。句意:“今晚一起吃饭怎么样? 我请客。”“噢,我很乐意。” 2. A17[2014· 天津卷] —OK, I'll fix your computer right now. —Oh, take your time. ________. A. I can't stand it B. I'm in no hurry C. That's a great idea D. It's not my cup of tea 2. B 考查情景交际。 I can't stand it. 我忍受不了它。 I'm in no hurry. 我不急; That's a great idea. 好主意。 It's not my cup of tea.那不是我喜欢的东西。 根据对话中的关键词 at once 和 take your time 构成转折关系,可知空格处是表示不着急,故选 B。句意:“好的。我立刻给你修 电脑。 ” “噢,慢慢来。我不急。 ” 10. A17[2014· 天津卷] —How long have you been learning English? —About four months. —________! Your English is so good. A. You can't be serious B. You got it C. I couldn't agree more D. I'm stuck 10. A 考查情景交际。 You can't be serious.你不会是当真的吧。You got it.你明白了。I couldn't agree more. 我非常同意。I'm stuck.我被卡住了。根据对话中的关键句子“‘About

four months.’”以及“‘Your English is so good.’”可知空格处是说话人不相信四个月能 说出这么好的英语来,因此表示惊讶,所以选择 A。句意:“你学英语多长时间了?”“大 约四个月了。”“你不会当真的吧!你的英语那么好。” 1.A17[2014· 浙江卷] —I am going to Spain for a holiday soon. —________. A.It's my pleasure B.Never mind C.Leave it alone D.Good for you 1.D 考查情景交际。句意:“我将会很快去西班牙度假了。”“不错呀。” 此处 D 项表示“对于这个好消息的赞赏”。 It's my pleasure.我很荣幸。 Never mind. 没关系。 Leave it alone.别管我。故选 D 项。 20.A17[2014· 浙江卷] —I'd like a wakeup call at 7:00 am, please! —OK,________. A.help yourself B.you'll certainly make it C.just do what you like D.I'll make sure you get one 20. D 考查情景交际。 句意: “请早上 7 点钟叫我起床。 ”“好的, 我会帮你设好的。 ” 根据句意知,只有 D 项符合语境。 2. A17[2014· 重庆卷] —Why not stay here a little longer? —________, but I really have to go. A. Never mind B. I'd love to C. Pleased to meet you D. I can't find any reason 2.B 考查情景交际。I'd love to?或 I'd like to?是一种委婉的推辞,答语意思是“我 本来想留下来,但我不得不离开”。never mind 意为“不要紧,没关系,别紧张”,常用来 安慰他人;pleased to meet you 用于见面开始时的寒暄;而 I can't find any reason 则是不礼貌 的表达。 15. A17[2014· 重庆卷] —Jack, I'd like to have your opinions about my written report. —________. But I have one suggestion. A. That's a good idea B. You are too modest C. It looks fine to me D. You should check it first 15.C 考查情景交际。That's a good idea.一般用于对他人的建议的肯定;You are too modest.是明显的汉式英语表达;You should check it first.是建议,但不应该在没有提议前说 出;It looks fine to me.是对该报告的肯定,在肯定之后提出建议,符合语境。 1.[2014· 安徽望江中学模拟] —I've studied watching birds as one of my hobbies. Could I make some suggestions? —________. A.You will make it B.It doesn't matter C.Go right ahead D.Take it easy 1. C 句意: “研究观鸟是我的爱好之一。 我可以提些建议吗? “好的, 请讲。 ” You will make it.你会成功的。It doesn't matter.没关系。Go right ahead.请讲。Take it easy.别着急,放轻 松。故选 C 项。 2.[2014· 湖州八校二联] —I need to advertise for a room-mate for next term. —________? Mary is interested. A.So what B.What for C.How come D.Why bother 2.D 句意:“我需要为下学期找个室友登一则广告。”“没有必要(不必了),玛丽有

兴趣(成为你的室友)。 ”So what?那又怎么样呢?What for?为什么呢?How come?怎么会 这样呢?故选 D 项。 3.[2014· 湖州中学模拟] —Do you need the dictionary too? —________. A.My pleasure B.No way C.After you D.That's all right 3.C 句意:“您也要用词典吗?” “您先用。 ”My pleasure.乐意效劳。No way.没门儿。 After you.您先请。That's all right.没关系。故选 C 项。 4.[2014· 郑州一中模拟] —Did you have a good time in the US during the Golden Week Holiday? —________ Due to the temporary shutdown, a lot of national parks were closed. A.Not really. B.You're right. C.Oh, great! D.Yeah, why not? 4.A 句意:“黄金周的时候你在美国旅游玩得开心吗?”“不是很开心。由于临时 停业,很多国家公园都关门了。”Not really.不是真的这样。You're right.你是对的。Oh, great! 太棒了!Yeah, why not? 是,为什么不?根据句意可知后者对于旅游不是很满意。故 A 项正 确。 5.[2014· 山东师大附中三模] —I really can't thank you enough, sir. —________. A.That's the most I could do B.I'm glad to have been of help C.No problem D.With pleasure 5. B 句意: “先生, 我再怎样感谢你都不为过。 ”“我很高兴提供了帮助。 ”That's the most I could do.那是我所能做的最多的。I'm glad to have been of help.我很高兴提供了帮助。 No problem.没问题。With pleasure.非常愿意。故根据句意可知 B 项正确。 6.[2014· 黑龙江泰来一中调研] —I feel down now. All my work goes for nothing. —________. That's life. A.You are cut out for it B.It happens C.No problem D.That's it 6.B 考查交际用语。句意:“我现在心情不好。我的一切工作都白做了。 ” “这种情 况时有发生。生活就是这样。 ”A 项意为“你非常适合做那件事”;B 项意为“这样的事情 时有发生”;C 项意为“没问题”;D 项意为“就是这样,完全正确”。根据句意可知说话 人在安慰对方,故选 B 项。 7.[2014· 黑龙江泰来一中调研] —Jenny, I hate to say it, but you really must go! —________. A.All right, if you insist B.Not likely C.Mind your own business D.You must be kidding 7.A 考查交际用语。句意:“珍妮,我不想说,但是,你真的必须去!”“好吧, 如果你坚持的话。”A 项意为“好吧,如果你坚持的话”;B 项意为“不太可能”;C 项意 为“别管闲事”;D 项意为“你一定是在开玩笑”。故选 A 项。 8.[2014· 兰州模拟] —So you missed the lecture given by Professor Smith.

—________.I got there 30 minutes before it finished. A.Not exactly B.Not really C.Not a little D.Not at all 8.A 考查交际用语。句意: “因此你错过了史密斯教授的讲座。 ” “不完全是这样子的。 我在讲座结束前三十分钟赶到了那儿。 ”Not exactly.不完全是,不完全如此。Not really.不会 吧,不见得。Not a little 很,十分。Not at all.一点也不。故选 A 项。 9.[2014· 四川双流三校联考] —I decided to travel round Yunnan for a year. —________? You have just started a new job. A.Come on B.How come C.Why not D.What for 9.B 考查交际用语。句意:“我决定去云南旅游一年。”“怎么会这样?你才刚刚 开始一份新的工作。”A 项意为“开始,快点,前进”;B 项意为“怎么会(这样)呢”;C 项意为“为什么不”;D 项意为“为什么”。故选 B 项。 10.[2014· 大连育明高级中学摸底] —How did you find my new dress, Jim? —________. A.Go to the tailor's B.Oh, it fits me perfectly C.Oh, very nice, indeed D.No, I didn't find it 10. C 考查交际用语。 句意: “吉姆, 你认为我的新连衣裙怎么样?”“哦, 的确很好。 ”A 项意为“去裁缝店”; B 项意为“我穿着很合适”; C 项意为“的确不错”; D 项意为“不, 我没找到它”。从问话可知说话人想知道吉姆对自


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