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郧西一中每周一练


郧西一中每周一练 (2)
II 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A school teacher decided to let her class play a game. The teacher told each child in the class to bring along a plastic bag containing a few be given a name of a person that the child 22 21 . Each tomato will

, so the number of tomatoes that

a child will put in the plastic bag will depend on the number of people the child hates. So when the day came, every 23 brought some tomatoes. Some had two;

some three while some up to five tomatoes. The teacher then told the children to 24 with them the tomatoes in the plastic 25 wherever they go. 26

Days after days passed by, and the children started to complain due to the

smell let out by the rotten tomatoes. Besides, those having more tomatoes had to carry 27 ended. The teacher asked: “How did you you for 1 29 ?” 30 31 of the trouble that tomatoes wherever 28 while carrying the tomatoes with bags. After 1 week, the children were relieved because the game had finally

The children let out their frustrations and started they had to go through having to carry the heavy and they go.

Then the teacher told them the hidden meaning behind the “This is exactly the 33

32

.

when you carry your hatred(憎恨) for somebody 34 and

inside your heart. The unpleasant smell of hatred will pollute your

you will carry it with you wherever you go. If you cannot tolerate the smell of rotten tomatoes for just 1 week, can you imagine what is it like to have the smell of hatred in your heart for your lifetime?” So 35 others is that best attitude to take! B. peaches B. wants B. child
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21. A. potatoes 22. A. likes 23. A. boy

C. apples C. knows C. girl

D. tomatoes D. hates D. baby

24. A. carry 25. A. box 26. A. uncertain 27. A. heavier 28. A. feel 29. A. month 30. A. thinking 31. A. tasty 32. A. food 33. A. advice 34. A. hands 35. A. forgiving

B. watch B. bag B. unhealthy B. larger B. survive B. year B. complaining B. bitter B. bag B. situation B. schoolbags B. understanding

C. eat C. bowl C. unpleasant C. better C. manage C. fortnight C. approving C. smelly C. game C. information C. mouth C. knowing

D. enjoy D. bottle D. unimportant D. dirtier D. know D. week D. dreaming D. salty D. story D. notice D. heart D. admiring

III 语法填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入 一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空, 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 36~45 的相应位置上。 A young man and an old man were waiting for a bus. 36 sat next to each

other. “What’s that in your bag?” asked the young man, pointing to a big bag beside the old man. “Gold. There was nothing but gold,” answered the old man. The young man could not believe his own ears and was about 38 37 great surprise. Then he began to think

to get the money. The old man was very tired and it seemed that he 39 (lie) down on the

could hardly keep his eyes open. After a while the old man chair and fell asleep. The young man took 40

big bag gently and quietly. But when he was just

about to run away, he found a corner of his fur coat was under the old man’s bo dy. Several times he tried to pull it out, coat, 42 41 in vain(徒劳). At last he took off his

(think) that the gold in the bag must cost far more than his fur coat. 43 (delight), the young man ran out of the station as quickly as 44 he thought the old man

Worried but

his legs could carry him, until he reached a place
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couldn’t find him. He stopped and

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(quick) opened the bag but he just found

a great many of small stones in it. Then he ran back to the station hurriedly only to find that the old man was gone. Ⅳ 阅读 (共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Twenty years ago or so, I was a 13-year-old runaway from an Oxford boarding school. It was late at night and I had nowhere to go. A number of people walked past me and stared interestedly at me. I was very frightened. Anything could have happened to me that night, but I met you. I still remember your words as you walked past me for a second time. “Excuse me. It is so dangerous for a girl to walk on the street at night. Would you like to spend the night at my house?” You were a sensible-looking young woman. It seemed to obvious to me that I could trust you. You took me to your flat and let me sleep on the floor. You made me a cup of tea and left me to sleep somewhere safe and warm. In the morning, you convinced me to do “the right thing”. As I was leaving, you hesitantly admitted that a friend of yours had died and you had been “in a bad place” that night. You suggested that my presence had stopped you doing “something stupid” and I felt that we had helped each other. That knowledge helped me return to school. For some reason I didn’t tell anyone where I had spent the night. I was worried they would criticize you for not calling the police. I told my mother about you several years later and I knew she wished that she could thank you for keeping me safe. I hope you understand that I am grateful. My life could have been very different if someone else had found me that night. I hope you have recovered from your friend’s death. I hope you’re OK now. And I hope you read this so that I can finally say “thank you”. 46. People stared at the writer interestedly probably because they wanted to know why __. B. she ran out of school
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A. she was so frightened

C. the woman helped her

D. she walked the street alone at night __.

47. The writer trusted the woman mainly because A. she was very kind to the writer C. she was sad about her friend’s death right thing

B. she told the writer about her secret D. she persuaded the writer to do the

48.The underlined phrase “in a bad place” can be replace by “ ______ A. in a bad position C. in a bad manner B. in a bad mood D. in a bad relationship .

”.

49. If the writer met others that night, they would probably ____ A. call the police for help C. stop the writer doing something stupid warm place 50. What is the writer’s attitude towards the woman? A. Thankful B. Doubtful B C. Disappointed

B. ask the writer to return to school D. provide the writer with a safe and

D. Frightened

Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star is a charming song for children, but it contains two misunderstandings. First, stars aren’t little. Some may be Earth-sized, but most are bigger than Jupiter, the largest planet in the solar system. Second, they don’t twinkle; they shine. And the brightness and color of the light from each star provide information about its temperature, size and even its age and likely fate. Viewing the stars from Earth is a bit like looking at them through a water filter because the atmosphere is dense( 稠密的 ) compared to the emptiness of space. Moreover, air is always moving, son starlight appears to be moving, too. The atmosphere also makes stars appear dimmer than they would be if we could see them from space. If you stop and examine the sky on a dark and moonless night, it’s easy to recognize color differences among stars. The color of a star is a visual signal of its surface temperature. The hottest stars are blue, and the next hottest are white. Yellow stars like the sun are next, while red stars are the coolest of the visible stars. Many red stars are so dim that people can’t see them at all, and some stars hardly send out any
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light at all. One reason that stars differ in brightness is that hotter stars produce more energy than cooler ones, but another important reason is that some are much bigger than others. Some stars appear brighter to human beings simply because they’re closer. Astronomers rank the brightness of stars which are seen form Earth by assigning them a number known as apparent magnitude( 视星等 ) ---- the smaller the apparent magnitude, the brighter the object. They have also designed a measure that ranks stars according to how bright they are when compared to each other. With an apparent magnitude of minus 26.7, the sun is the brightest object in the sky. 51. From the song quite familiar to children, the writer wants to prove that A. most stars are smaller than Jupiter __.

B. Jupiter is bigger and brighter than Earth

C. stars are very large and always shine brightly D. starlight’s brightness and color reflect its temperature 52. The underlined phrase “a water filter” in Paragraph 2 refers to A. the atmosphere B. the cloud _____. C. the air ____. D. the earth

53. From Paragraph 3, we can know that

A. a red star often sends out much brighter light B. a blue or white star is hotter than a red or yellow star C. a yellow star like the sun is the hottest in space D. a blue star is much bigger than stars in other colors 54. Apparent magnitude is designed to measure A. how far a star is from Earth C. how bright a star is seen from Earth other stars 55. Which is the best title of this passage? A. What do stars look like? C. How to view the stars from Earth? B. Which song do children like best? D. Why are many stars so dim at night? C I recently read a book named Silent Spring writer by Rachel Carson. In this ____. B. how far a star is from other stars D. how bright a star is compared to

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book, she warned that some chemicals used in pesticides(杀虫剂) were polluting the air, the water, the earth, and all creatures on earth. After reading the book, I felt deeply concerned. So you may ask, “Are pesticides really dangerous to use?” My answer is yes. And here are my reasons. Do harm to life in water. Pesticides do not stay in one place. Their particles(颗粒) fly through the air when they are used, sinking into the soil in the end. The chemicals are then carried away by runoff water, often into rivers and oceans, where they can kill water plants. In the US, for example, pesticides flow into the Mississippi River every year. They then travel to the Gulf Coast, where the rest chemicals kill off yards of wetlands. According to experts, plants in rivers and oceans provide 80 percent of the oxygen content. When pesticides harm these plants, life in rivers and oceans will be harmed as a result.

Pesticides not only go into water sources, causing problems there, but they also cause problems on land. When species on land often contact these chemicals, the result can be those animals’ lowered weight, lowered power to fight diseases, loss of attention, and even death. Do harm to humans Humans are immune(免疫的) to the effects that wildlife experiences. Pesticides may become part of the food eaten by humans. They remain and increase gradually in our bodies. Some chemicals in pesticides can cause cancer. They may also harm skin and lungs. Recent studies have shown that pesticides can affect human brainwave activity and cause loss of memory and inability to concentrate. Now we can conclude that pesticides are really dangerous to use. They should be replaced for the sake of nature and our health. 56. When reading the book Silent Spring, the writer was extremely A. interested B. bored C. inspired ___. D. worried .

57. Chemicals in pesticides can do harm to life in water mainly because ___ A. their particles fly into rivers and oceans in water
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B. pesticides are used to kill animals

C. running water carries them to rivers and oceans D. food with such chemicals is used to feed life in water 58. What would be the best subtitle for paragraph 3? A. Do harm to plants in water C. Do harm to wildlife on land B. Do harm to the environment D. Do harm to food for wildlife

59. Recent studies show that pesticides can lead to A. cancer in humans C. decrease in humans’ weight B. poor memory in humans D. damage to humans’ skin and lungs

60. What’s the writer’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To persuade us not to use pesticides. B. To encourage us to read Silent Spring.

C. To explain why we shouldn’t use pesticides. D. To prove that pesticides are dangerous to use. D Pet lovers are always arguing whether cats are better than dogs. Now there is a report showing that it may be a difficult choice --- at least when it comes to drinking water. In 2010, a team of researchers observed how some cats drank water. What they discovered was that cats had found an efficient and nice way to drink water. They began by gently touching the surface of the water with their tongue and then quickly action allowed some water to stick to the tongue. To ensure it would not roll out, the cats shut their mouth firmly after each drinking. After finding out how cats drank water, nobody made an effort to find out how dogs drank water, largely because researchers believed they drank in a similar way. However, it turns out that this is not the case. A recent study was performed by a team of researchers from Virginia Tech and Purdue University. The scientists began by studying the drinking habits of various dog kinds and sizes. What they discovered was that dogs hit their tongue past the water’s surface. It made them really dirty. While this was surely a win for cats, dogs, on the other hand, drank much more water each time. It allows dogs to quench their thirst faster. The one thing they do
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have in common is the ability to close their mouth before the water rolls out. In conclusion, while cats have found how to drink water in a nice manner, dogs drink water as quickly as they can. The scientists are not sure about the reason for the difference in their drinking methods. Some believe it may have to do with the fact that cats care about their fur, while others think it may be because cats hate water. Dogs, on the other hand, love getting wet. 61. In Paragraph 1, it’s reported that _________. A. pet lovers usually prefer cats to dogs B. cats have proved to be cleverer than dogs C. cats are better at drinking water than dogs D. it’s hard to decide whether cats or dogs are better 62. According to the 2010 study, researchers found that __________. A. cats liked playing water joyfully when drinking B. cats didn’t wet themselves when drinking water C. cats drank water very slowly no matter how thirsty they were D. cats sometimes rolled water out of their mouth when drinking 63. What does the writer mean by saying “this if not the case” in Paragraph 3? A. Dogs are usually better than cats. C. Researchers don’t know well abut dogs. D. Some people are more interested in how dogs drink. 64. The underlined word “quench” in Paragraph 5 can be replaced by “_________”. A. know B. replace C. stop D. check B. Dogs drink water differently from cats.

65. Which of the following is TRUE according to the last paragraph? A. Dogs are the quickest drinkers among all animals. B. Both cats and dogs love to play water when they drink. C. Cats drink water slowly because they care about their fur. D. There is no certain reason why cats drink water differently from dogs. 第二节:信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 首先,阅读先几部中国功夫片的简介: A. Drunken Master
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This martial arts movie stars Jackie Chan, and is one of the most entertaining martial arts movies. If you like this movie, then also watch The Legend of Drunken Master which was made in 1994. In this movie two young students of a drunken master learn Jackie Chan’s style of Kung Fu to fight an evil kung fu master and his gang. B. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon This is one of the internationally acclaimed martial arts movies, and one of the best martial arts movies ever made. It has extremely attractive landscapes, amazing fights and good acting too. This movie stars Michelle Yeoh, Chou Yun-Fat and Ziyi Zhang. If you like this movie, then watch House of the Flying Daggers, which stars Ziyi Zhang. C. Snake in the Monkey’s Shadow This movie is one of the best martial arts movies of all time, and stars John Chang. In this movie you will see kung fu of snake style, monkey style and drunken style. This movie has a good storyline and you will be entertained throughout the movie with amazing Kung Fu styles. D. The Shaolin Temple This is one of the top Chinese martial arts movies starring Jet Li, and is based on a true story from Shaolin folklore. In this movie one of a slave worker’s sons escapes to the Shaolin Temple to learn kung fu to kill the traitor who killed his father. The monks at the temple help him in the process to save the true emperor. E. Iron Monkey This is one of my favorite martial arts movies, and it is also one of the best action movies of all time. However, this movie is underrated and we will hardly get to see it on the top martial arts movies list. This movie shows how a doctor fights the corrupt authorities as a masked hero while other martial artists are sent to hunt him down. F. Fist of Legend This movie is a remake of Bruce Lee’s The Chinese Connection. This movies stars Jet Li. He plays Chen Zhen, who comes back to Shanghai only to find his teacher Huo Yuanjia dead. Anyway, the movie has some amazing martial arts sequences. 66. Mr. Brow has heard many stories about Shaolin Temple in China. He admires Chinese Kung Fu very much and has been determined to come to China to learn some martial arts. Of course, he won’t miss out Kung Fu movies related to Shaolin Temple. 67. Mr. Jackson used to watch The Chinese Connection starring Bruce Lee many years ago. Now he has heard that another movie has been made, which is a remake of the movie. Therefore, he wants to watch this remake and try to compare which one is better. 68. Miss Linda has learned about quite a number or Chinese movie stars, such as Michelle Yeoh and Ziyi Zhang. She would like to watch movies starring to biggest number of well known Chinese move stars. 69. As a lawyer in the court, Mr. Brown hates corruption of the authorities. Therefore, he is interested in movies which are about fighting against corruptions. He thinks that such movies can inspire him in his work. Besides, he can pick up some skills from
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these movies. 70. Mr. Hunter is interested in Chinese Kung Fu, especially the different style of Chinese Kung Fu, such as snake style, monkey style and drunken style. He thinks that practicing Kung Fu not only help to promote his health, but also his own protection. Ⅴ 基础知识运用(满分 20 分) 单词拼写(每小题 1 分,共 10 分) (71——75 为词形变化;76——80 提供首字母及释义) 71. Jane is 78, but she is still so ______________ (energy). 72. You can’t take photos here without ______________ (permit) 73. Vitamins are ______________ (benefit) to our health. 74. Christmas, Easter, and Thanksgiving Day are all ______________ (religion) festivals. 75. The ______________ (origin) purpose of garments was to help us defend against the cold. 76. The s______________ (the state of not being happy), stress, pain or anger is there whether you like it or not. 77. If you purchase now, I can give you a 5 percent d______________ (a reduction in the usual price). 78. He won an a______________ (something given for victory) for running fastest. 79. Their restaurant serves a popular dish made of r______________ (uncooked) fish. 80. He finally c______________ (join two or more things together to make a new one) the two plans because they both had their strength and weakness. 短语及句型(每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 81. He ______________________________________ ( 因 … 向 他 女 朋 友 道 歉 ) having kept her waiting for a long time. 82. ____________________________________ (显然) he was lying to his teacher. 83. I can’t have him _______________________ (做…而不受惩罚) breaking my precious vase. 84. He ____________________________________ (本该信守诺言), but he didn’t. 85. To stay healthy, you __________________________________ (必须保持平衡
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饮食).

Ⅵ 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) [写作内容] 你的好友 Lisa 来信告诉你她正在减肥。请你根据下面信息,给她写一封回 信。
已收到她的邮件,并得知了她的近况; 祝贺她减肥取得明显效果,为她感到高兴; 你的建议: 1)不必太在意自己的身材,只要健康就行; 2)注意平衡饮食,多吃水果和蔬菜; 3)多做运动,保持苗条身材; 4)祝愿她身体健康,生活愉快。

[写作要求] 1. 只能使用 5 个句子表达所有 写作内容。 2. 文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确、信息内容完整、篇章结构连贯。

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郧西一中每周一练 (2)
1—5 ACBCA 16. English teacher 19. study hard 21—25 DDBAB 36. They 41. but 37. in 42. thinking 6—10 CBCAA 17. eighteen 20. confident 26—30 CAADB 38. how 43. delighted 31—35 CCBDA 39. lay 44. where 40. the 45. quickly 11—15 CBACA 18. life stories

46—50 DABAA 51—55 CABCA 56—60 DCCBD 61—65 DBBCD 66—70 DFBEC
第一节 词汇(共 10 小题,每题 1 分,满分 10 分)

71——75 76——80

energetic sadness

permission

beneficial raw

religious combined

original

discount award

81 apologized to his girlfriend/ girl friend for 82 It is/ was obvious/ clear that

83 getting away with 84 should/ ought to have kept his word/ promise 85 must keep a balanced diet/ must keep balanced diets Ⅵ 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分)
Dear Lisa, I’ve already received your email and got to know how things are going on with you recently. I’m really happy to know about what you’ve achieved in losing weight and I’d like to congratulate you on your achievement. However, I’d like to suggest you that you shouldn’t care too much about your figure as long as you are healthy. Also, you ought to keep a balanced diet and eat more vegetables and fruits as well as take more exercise to keep slim. Hopefully, you can have a strong body and enjoy a happy life every day!

Yours,

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