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疑问词引导的宾语从句


Object clauses
with question words & after predictive adjectives

宾语从句

Review

That引导的宾语从句

Translate 翻译
When I was little… I?didn’t k

now that Earth is round. 我不知道地球是圆的。 I didn’t我不认为英语很重要。 important. ? think that English was I didn’t believe that I could learn English well. ? 我不相信我能学好英语。 Sb+谓语动词+(that)引导的宾语从句

注意:1.时态 2.语序 3.特例 But now…
I know that Earth is ? 我知道地球是圆的。 round. I think that English ? 我认为英语很重要。 is important. ? I我相信我能学好英语。 English well. believe that I can learn

Picture talk
? Talk about the pictures using : ? --Do you know why … is …? ? --Yes. He/She/It is …that…

? --Do you know why …is..? ? --Yes. He/It is … that ….

has won the election 选举n.
? --Do you know why Obama is happy? ? --Yes. He is happy that he has won the election.

? --Do you know why …is ..? ? --Yes. He/It is … that ….
Where is my mom?!

sad can’t find its mom

? --Do you know why the dog is sad? ? --Yes. It is sad that it can’t find its mom.

? --Do you know why …is..? ? --Yes. He/It is … that ….
What?! My bananas are stolen!

surprised bananas, stolen

? --Do you know why the monkey is surprised? ? --Yes. It is surprised that its bananas are stolen.

Where is my mom?!

sad happy
What?! My bananas are stolen!

surprised

宾语 ? 观察下列句子并总结:下面的句子是_____从 句,由_____引导,从句放在happy, sad, that surprised等表示心情的______词后面,类似 形容 的形容词还有:____ ? He is happy that he has won the 确定的 election. afraiddog is sad that it can’t find its mommy. glad sad sorry angry certain ? The proud sure excited unhappy pleased ?自豪的surprised that its bananas are stolen. It is
surprised frightened惊恐的
?(结构:主语+be+形容词+that宾语从句)

Have a try!
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 翻译下列句子: 1.我恐怕我不能参加你的聚会了。(afraid) I am afraid (that) I can’t attend your party. 2.Lucy很开心,她通过了这次考试。(happy) Lucy is happy (that) she passed the exam. 3. 我们肯定我们这次比赛会赢。(sure) We are sure (that) we’ll win the game.

Braintwister脑筋急转弯

? Do you know what is the longest word in the world? Smiles ? Do you know why dogs are afraid to sunbathe? They don’t want to be hot-dogs. 晒日光沐浴 ? Could you tell me who is closer to you, your mom or your Dad? is father My mom. Because Dad (father) (farther). ? Can you tell me what fruit is never single?

A pear. (同音a pair:一对)

单身的

? 观察下列句子并总结:下面的句子是_____从句,由 宾语 what, why, who, how等__________词引导,从句放 特殊疑问 在know,____, ask wonder tell _____,_______等词后面,其从句 要变为_______句语序。 陈述

? Do you know what is the longest word in the world? ? Do you know why dogs are afraid to sunbathe? ? Could you tell me who is closer to you? ? Do you know what fruit is never single?

Talk time
Example: A: Could you tell me where Miss Xiao lives? B: Yes. I know she lives in the school. A: Do you know why she was so happy yesterday? B: Yes. She was happy that two of her students had sung a song to her.

? Talk about your teachers or your friends
Pair work

A: Could you tell me where/when ..? B: Yes. I know (that) he/she …. A: Do you know why she/he is happy/ sad/ surprised/excited/angry…? B: Yes. She/He is … that ….
作 业 写 完 了 ! 考 试 又 没 过 ! 我 赢 了 比 赛 ! ** 能 弹 钢 琴 !

请用英语描述下图,要求六句话以上。 (要求至少用上2个宾语从句)

foreigner, didn’t know

understand want to know how he..

take out, draw a map

thank, ..happy that..

Yesterday, when I was walking on the street, a foreigner walked to me and said something. But I didn’t know what he was saying. Then, he used some body language and finally I understood! He wanted to know how he could get to the Window of the World. But I didn’t know how to tell him. So I took my pen and a piece of paper out and drew a map for him. Then he thanked me and left with the map. I am happy that I can help him. That’s all. Thank you!
More exercises

1.—I don’t know ______. 【2011· 深圳中考】 —You can go and ask Jack. A. when does the train leave B. that we will plant trees or not C. if she had come yesterday 中考常考考点: buy for him D. what I should 1.语序:从句语序要用陈述句语序(主谓宾) 2. --Could you guess___. 2.时态:从句的时态要和主句保持一致 --I have no idea about that【2012 深圳中考】 主过从过,主现从随,真理名言现在时。 A. why was he late 3.连接词:that引导陈述句,if/whether引导 B. when shall we have the sports meeting 一般疑问句,特殊疑问词引导特殊问句。 C. where was she born whether..or not D. how much he paid for the camera

? 宾语从句 ? 定义:当宾语是一个句子的时候,这个句子就是一个 宾语从句。 ? 宾语从句的基本结构是:主句+引导词+从句 ? 当从句是陈述句时,引导词用that ? 当从句是一般疑问句时,引导词用if或whether。 ? 当从句是特殊疑问句时,引导词用特殊疑问词。 ? 注意: ? 1.时态:如果前面主句的动词是过去式,则从句也要 用相对应的过去时态。若主句是一般现在时则从句时 态不限。 ? 2. 语序:从句的语序要用陈述句的语序——主+谓+宾 +其他结构

? --Do you know why …is..? ? --Yes. He/It is … that ….
Oh, MY GOD!

afraid is chased by dinosaurs
被..追赶

Sid

? --Do you know why Sid is afraid? ? --Yes. Sid is afraid that it is chased by dinosaurs.


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