1 Our country is like a big family, consisting of _________ ___ fifty-six nations. 2 The crab __ _____ ___ ___ fruit. is made up of make up 3 Eleven players _____ ____ a football te
e.g. The beauty of the city consists in its historical architecture. 这个城市的美丽在于它的历史建筑。
e.g. Theory should consist with practice. 理论与实践相一致。
e.g. We divide the cake into two parts.
e.g. We separate good peanuts from bad ones.
divide意为“把一个整体分成若干 个部分”常与 into, among, between 搭配。系表结构为： be divided into…被分成…部分 divide …into … 把……分成 divide sth. among sb. 在……中分配 divide sth. with sb. 与……分担 divide … by … 用……除以
辨析: divide, separate
divide 划分;把整体分成若干部分, 破坏
了对象的完整性。 separate 分隔; 把原来连在一起或靠近的分 隔开来，被分隔的东西没有任何 统一性, 没有破坏对象的完整性, 只是将宾语分开。 separate 还可 以做形容词, 意为“分开的”、 “个自的”、“单独的”。
试一试 1. The apple was _______ into two. divided 2. We _______the money equally. divided
3. Oxygen can be ________ from water. separated 4. The Taiwan Strait ________ Taiwan separates from Fujian. 5.The fence divides the garden in half. ______ 6.The shop owner _________ good separates apples from bad ones.
puzzled a. puzzling a.
1) n. 难题,谜,迷惑,困惑
A crossword puzzle be in a puzzle about sth.对…迷惑不解 I am in a puzzle about the matter.
2) v. 使…迷惑/困惑 be puzzled about sth.对…迷惑不解
The question puzzled me. I'm puzzled about what to do next.
puzzle oneself (one’s brain) about sth = puzzle over sth 苦苦思索，为…大伤脑筋
I am puzzling my brain about how to make my lesson lively and interesting.
I puzzled over the question for quite a while. He listened to the lecture with a ____ expression.
A.puzzled C. puzzle
B. puzzling D. being puzzled
wonder 奇才 eg. He’s a wonder. 他是个奇才。
look at sth. in wonder 惊奇地看着某物
eg. He looked at the UFO in wonder.
e.g. No wonder that he won the game.
wonder 奇观; 壮举 the seven wonders of the world
e.g. I wonder at his rudeness.
e.g. He wondered why the boy apologized to him again and again. 他很想知道为什么这个男孩一次又一次 的和他道歉。
clarify matters 澄清真相 e.g. I hope this can clarify my position. 我希望这能阐明我的立场。 Could you clarify the question? 你能解释这个问题吗？
拓展: clarification n. 澄清，明白
clarity n. 清晰，清楚，明确
as well/as well as 1) Are they coming as well/too ? 2) She is a talented musician as well as a photographer. 3) He plays guitar as well.
4) E-mail, as well as telephone, ______ an important part in daily communication.
A. is playing C. are playing B. have played D. play
5) Miss Han, _____ Mrs. Howe, speaks good French. They often talk in French. A. so well as C. as well as B. as good as D. so good as
6) John plays football ______, if not better than, David.
A. as well B. as well as C. so well
D. so well as
e.g. The internet links you and me together. 因特网把你和我联系在一起了。
e.g. The police thought there was a link between the two murders. 警察认为这两起谋杀案之间有联系。
? refer to 1) We agree never to refer to the matter again. 提到；谈及 2) Complete the exercise without referring to a dictionary. 查阅 3) Who does the pronoun in the third sentence refer to? 指的是 4) The speaker referred to him as an upand-coming politician. 把…称作
You know who I’m referring to. __________________________________
This paragraph refers to the events of __________________________________
last year. ___________
如果需要可以查查笔记。 You may refer to your notes if you want __________________________________
refer的过去式、过去分词及现在 分词都要双写词尾的字母r, 然后 加-ed或-ing。refer to当中的to是 介词，后接名词或者动名词。 reference n. 提及；查阅； 参考书目 refer … to … 把……称为 把……叫作
Happily this was accomplished without conflict when …
e.g. Happily, the accident was not serious.
e.g. Luckily, he won the first prize.
? Accomplish 1. 完成, 实现, 做成功 eg .I have accomplished a great deal in the last few months. 2.达到(目的)；完成(任务、使命、计划、事 业等)；实现(诺言、计划等) eg.This task is accomplished by great effort. 这项任务是经过巨大努力才完成的。 3.做到，做成，做成功 eg. She seems to accomplish nothing. 她似乎没有任何建树。
辨析 complete, finish, end, accomplish 这些词均含“结束，完成”之意。 complete: 侧重指完成预定的任务或使某 事完善，补足缺少的部分等。 finish: 与complete基本同义，着重圆满地 结束或完成已着手的事。 end: 最普通用词，着重事情的完成。也指 某种活动因达到目的而自然结束或由于某 种原因而突然中止。 accomplish: 正式用词，强调一个过程的 完成；也可指依靠努力达到一定目的，或 取得一定的结果。
be willing to do sth.愿意做…
e.g. Tom was unwilling or unable to pay the rent. 汤姆不愿意或没有能力支付租金。
Nowadays many farmers want to break away _________ from rural life and make a living in cities. 现在许多农民都想离开农村到城里谋生。
broke away from Mongolia ________________ China.
蒙古脱离了中国。 broke away from You should _______________ the bad habit. 你应该改掉这个坏习惯。
break v. (broke, broken) 习惯搭配: break away 挣脱, 逃脱；脱离, 背叛 break down 抛锚, 出故障,身体跨了 break into 闯入, 突然发出 break out (战争、瘟疫、火灾) 爆发 break off 折断; 中断; 断绝 break up 崩溃; 分离; 解散; 终止 break the rules 违反规则 break the records 打破记录
Our car broke down (机器)损坏, 抛锚 （身体，精神） 垮掉 The peace talk between the two counties has broken down. 谈判中止 Yesterday two thieves broke into his house. 破门而入 As she was talking, he suddenly broke in, saying, "That's a lie". (interrupt) 打扰,插话 He broke off a piece of chocolate.掰碎，把…分成碎 片， War broke out in 1914. 战争爆发 The meeting broke up at ten to three. 结束 She's just broken up with her boyfriend.
1. When we were out, a thief ___________ broke into our house. 2. She _________ a piece of chocolate and broke off gave it to me. 3. Unluckily, our car ___________ on the broke down high way.
break up 4. The two companies decided to ________
5. A big earthquake _________ in broke out
I didn’t give ______ to his story. credit 我不相信她的故事。 credits She earned enough _______ for her degree. 她为获得学位取得了足够的学分。 She was given the credit for what I had done. _____ 事情是我做的, 她却受到称赞。 This bank refused further _______ to her credits company. 银行拒绝再贷款给她的公司。
e.g. To his credit, he never told anyone exactly what had happened. 他对所发生的事守口如瓶，值得赞扬。
We bought this house for its convenience.
e.g. The newly-built office building is equipped with many modern conveniences. 这座新建的办公楼装有现代化的便利设施。
for one’s convenience 为 …… 方便 for convenience’s sake 为方便起见 at one’s convenience 在 …… 方便的时候
It is convenient to sb. 对…来说方便 It is convenient for sb. to do sth. 对…来说做…方便
Please come whenever ___________.
A. it is convenient to you.
B. it is convenient for you.
C. you are convenient.
D. it is convenient of you.
attract sb. 吸引某人 attract sb. to sth. 把某人吸引到
e.g. The female fish attracts the male fish to her fish bowl.
e.g. The book attracts the baby’s attention.
attraction n. 1) 吸引, 引力 2) 吸引人的事物 tourist attraction 观光胜地
attractive adj. 有吸引力, 诱人的 an attractive cake 一块诱人的蛋糕
It is a pity that …… 主语从句
It is a pity that you didn’t go to see the film. It is a fact that … 事实是 …… It is an honor that … 非常荣幸 It is common knowledge that … ……是常识
It is likely that …
It happened that …
It is reported that …
e.g. He has a very good collection of foreign coins.
It has the oldest port built by the Romans, the oldest building begun by the Anglo-Saxons and the oldest castle constructed by later Norman Rulers.
e.g. Most of the people invited to the
party were her old classmates.
9. But London has been influenced only by some invaders of England.
influence vt. & n. 影响，感化, 影响力
have a bad/good/beneficial/ harmful
influence/effect with / on sb.对...有（…的）影响 under the influence of sb. 在…影响下
1. 他发现房间是开着的。 He found the room open. ____________________________ 2. 雨使地面浸湿了。
____________________________ The rain made the ground wet.
e.g. It is worthwhile discussing / to discuss the question. 讨论一下这个问题是值得的。
be (well) worth + sth./doing sth.
be (well) worthy + of sth. of being done to be done
That novel is worth reading.
That novel is worthy of being read. It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again. A. worth B. worthy C. worth-while D. worthwhile
1) The book is worth reading.
= It is worth/worthwhile reading the book.
2) Nursing is a very worthwhile job.
3) We had a long wait, but it was worthwhile because we got the tickets. 4) The exhibition is well worth a visit. 5)He thinks teaching foreign language is
e.g. His name is left out of this name list. 他的名字被从名单上漏掉了。 You can’t leave out any important details in your composition. 你不能删掉文章中重要的内容。
No one speaks to him; Tom is always
left out. 没人和他讲话；汤姆总是被忽视。
8. leave out 遗漏，漏掉，排除
You’ve left out a zero in this phone number.
All the other seemed to know each other and I began to feel left out. 感到被冷落
leave sb alone = leave him to himself不理会 leave sth. alone = don’t touch it
leave sth behind 落下，留下
leave word with sb 给某人留下口信
leave sth open/ untidy/ on/ off…