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广东高考读写任务-摘要写作


读写任务解题六大聚焦

高考英语读写任务是给出一段短文,让考 生阅读后在规定的时间内用2-3句话,不 超过30词概括文章大意,然后根据一个主 题,围绕几个要点发表自己的一些看法。 而要写好读写任务,就要注意这些方面: 关注关键词、中心词,掌握状语从句及一 些特殊句型,灵活使用衔接词,正确使用 标点符号,并熟悉夹叙夹议的写作方法。

抓实

义词,选关键词
阅读概括短文

Exemplifying in Skills
针对不同文体写短文概要
说明文和新闻报道 中心句(通常在首段) 抓好关键词 现象分析型说明文: “现象” “现象形成原因” “解决问题的方法或建议” 记叙文 “五何”: 何时 (when), 何地 (where), 何人 (who), 何事 (what) ,结果如何 (how) 夹叙夹议型: 加上作者的看法或感想等 以第三人称或无人称来概括 议论文 找出中心论点以及最后的结论, 再补充论据

Exemplifying in Skills
关键词的分类
主语 短文中出现最多的主语名词, 通常就是大意句的主语。 阅读时划出每一句的主语
谓语 “干什么” “怎么样” 褒:赞成 or 肯定 贬:反对 or 否定



形容词 观点和态度

读写任务指导 (记叙文)

一、读写任务 1.题型介绍: 由两部分组成:阅读材料和写作要求 2.写作要求 1). 概括阅读材料的大意(30个字左右) 2).根据写作内容要求讲述故事或发表个人看法和 观点(120字左右) 3.分值分布 总分为25分: ① 短文概括5分 ② 主题写作 20分

4.写作步骤: 1).结合写作内容确定文章的主题 2).阅读全文,找出关键词、关键句 3).把关键词、关键句用自己的话概括为大约30个词的 内容要点(第一段) 4).把写作要点分段(一般分为2段) 一段讲述故事或论证观点 一段总结或重申观点 5).围绕主题,写出全文 6).检查全文 5.写作内容 强调内容健康,观点鲜明,说服力强,表述清晰。可 参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。

二、写作指导 1. 确定话题 2. 文体 阅读文------记叙文 主题写作文体------记叙文

3.The writing template of a narrative (叙述类文章写作模板): 1). Title (1分)
2). Summary of the reading passage ( About 30words) (5分) 3). A transitional (过渡)sentence 4). A narrative (About the same topic) 5). An ending paragraph (Point out the main idea) (19分)

the points you should pay attention to 1.不需要把所有要点都涵盖。 2.在这些内容中比重最大的是what, 不要把what写得太详细,注意浓缩。 3.找出叙事中夹带的议论,挖掘出文章 的主题。 4.用自己的话把主题和主要情节组织成 摘要。

Styles of passage
1

argumentation
narration
exposition

2

3

4. 概括文章大意
Skill: Combination of five elements要素串联法 What Who When Where What to learn/how

Everyone has an experience they would rather forget. Some are embarrassing, some are moving, and some teach us a lesson. Here is a story of mine. Last Sunday I went fishing. After setting up my fishing rod(钓鱼竿) with bait(鱼饵), I sat down on the bank of the lake. But two hours later, I didn’t catch any fish. I got very angry and began to pack up my stuff(收拾东 西), preparing to go back home. Just then, I saw an old man sitting near me. To my surprise, his basket was full of fish, so I went over to him, wanting to know why. “Excuse me, but how long have you sat here?” I asked. “About four hours,” he answered.

“Four hours?” I couldn’t believe my ears. “Yes. It’s very important to be patient,” the old man said. “ Don’t consider fishing a tiring sport. Just enjoy it.” Suddenly, I understood what he said. I must learn to be patient. Then I sat there and waited for fish patiently. I felt a fish touch the bait, but I didn’t move and waited for the right moment to reel it in(卷收钓鱼线). At last, I caught it. This made me very happy. In the following six hours, I caught over 10 fish. On my way home, I thought what had happened on the bank. I gradually realized that the secret of success was patience.

4. 概括文章大意
Skill: Combination of five elements要素串联法 What Who When × Where ×

went fishing, was taught a lesson
the writer and an old man last Sunday on the bank of the lake

What to Patience is the secret of success. learn/how

Exemplifying in Skills
概要句型模板
1. According to the passage, we know that... From the passage, we can know that... 2. In this passage, the writer / author states / thinks / argues that... 3. In this passage, the writer/author tells us about... 4. The story / passage is about... 5. The story / passage mainly tells us that... 6. It’s reported that... As is reported in the passage, ...

注意:
1.根据阅读文关键词,关键句,用自己 的语言归纳文章的大意,不要加入个 人观点。 2. 用第三人称 3. 控制在28到35个单词

My version for the summary
The writer mainly tells us his experience of fishing and he was taught an unforgettable lesson by an old man. He knew the importance of patience and finally got some fish.(31 words)

6. 主题写作 二段:经历,重要性,影响 (侧重于经历) 三段:总结,点题

5. 过渡句
1. As far as I am concerned, I have a similar experience . 2. I have a similar experience to the writer’s. 3. The writer’s story reminds me of my own experience that 4.Upon reading the passage, I come to realize that/ it occurs to me that

例子引入
? ? ? ? take ______ as an example take ______for example I have a similar experience It occurred to me (我脑中浮现出)that ___________ ? The story reminds me of my own experience\ classmate \friends… ? After\upon reading this passage, I come to realize that…

Make up your similar story:
Skill: Combination of five elements要素串联法
Take waiting for a bus for example: What Who When waited for, not patient, left, missed I when going to school at the bus stop

Where
What to learn

重要,不耐心,前功尽弃,成功

I have a similar experience. Once I waited for the bus at the stop for 30 minutes, but no bus came. I couldn’t wait any longer and decided to walk to school. But no sooner had I left than the bus arrived. If I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. Only then did I realize the importance of patience. Being impatient will waste all the efforts that we have made. Patience also plays an important part in our study and work. With it we can achieve greater success. (92 words )

7. 总结,点题

(Point out the main idea)
My version

Now, whenever I am to lose my patience, I’ll think of the experience of waiting for a bus.

7.标题
1). Patience Is the Secret of Success

2). Patience Is Important 3). The Importance of Patience 4). The Key to Success ─ Patience
5). Patience Leads to/ Results in Success

注意:
1.标题使用名词短语或句子 2.每个单词的首字母大写(除了冠词, 介词,连词) 3. 最好不多于10个单词

Patience is the secret of success
The writer mainly tells us his experience of fishing and he was taught an unforgettable lesson by an old man. He knew the importance of patience and finally got some fish.(31 words)

I have a similar experience. Once I waited for the bus at the stop for 30 minutes, but no bus came. I couldn’t wait any longer and decided to walk to school. But no sooner had I left than the bus arrived. If I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. Only then did I realize the importance of patience. Being impatient will waste all the efforts that we have made. Patience also plays an important part in our study and work. With it we can achieve greater success. (92 words )

Now, whenever I am to lose my patience, I’ll think of the experience of waiting for a bus.
(18 words)
(110 words)

评分标准(assessing criteria)
1. 概括的准确性。 语言简洁明了,能客观、准确、全面地转述所给文 字材料。 2. 语言的规范性。 语言合乎语法,地道自然。(无中国式英语) 3. 内容的合适性。 选材必需切题;内容符合写作要求;论据能证明论 点 4. 篇章的连贯性。 文章的主题(一个)要明确且贯穿全文; 层次分明有条理;衔接过渡自然。

三、写作任务 1.确定话题 ------ 态度决定一切 2.文体 阅读文章------记叙文 主题写作-----记叙文

3. 概括大意 who: three brothers What : worked, received different wages, different attitudes towards work when: some years ago Where: in the same company What to learn: Attitudes are important

4. 主题写作 二段:导致,理解, 对比事例(侧重) 三段:总结

列提纲 Para 2 不同态度导致不同收入 不同态度,不同结果 积极态度会有回报 例子(对比)who, what ,how Who: I What, how: Before: lazy, not do homework, bad result/ not pass the exam After: change attitude, do practice, ask questions, make progress Para 3 态度是一切,认真做好,总有回报

5. 注短语, 串联成句 6.确定标题 7.书写全文 8.检查修改


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