（本试卷共 120 分；考试时间 120 分钟。 ） 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有
关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What’s the woman crazy about? A. The bad traffic in the morning. B. The early working time in her office. C. The construction in front of the building. 2. What is the woman doing? A. Recommending some places to the man. B. Asking for advice from the man. C. Leaving on her trip to Asia. 3. What is the man going to do? A. Talk to more soldiers. B. Organize the information. C. Collect more information. 4. What will the speakers do tonight? A. Prepare for an exam. B. Go to a celebration. C. Go to a hospital. 5. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. At a clinic. B. At a furniture store. C. In a gym. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听 完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What class will the man have this afternoon? A. Politics. B. History. C. Biology. 7. What does the woman say about the cafeteria? A. She likes the variety of food there. B. She doesn’t think the food there is too bad. C. She thinks it is too crowded there. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Where does the conversation take place? A. At the airport. B. At the Lost and Found. C. At a railway station. 9. How many pieces of luggage does the woman have? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 10. What color is the large suitcase?
A. Brown. B. Gray. C. Blue. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What does the woman ask the information for? A. For some surveys. B. For a meeting. C. For a class project. 12. What sport is the 36-to-45 age group’s second choice? A. Jogging. B. Tennis. C. Skiing. 13. In which age group are men a bit more active than women? A. The 18-to-26 age group. B. The 27-to-35 age group. C. The 46-to-55 age group. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. How does the man know the shop? A. From a friend. B. From the newspaper. C. From the Internet. 15. Who does the man like most? A. Jimi Hendrix. B. Jimmy Page. C. Fender. 16. Why is the Jimmy Page’s guitar so expensive? A. His signature is on it. B. It was played at his 1970 show. C. It is the only Fender in the store. 17. What does the man plan to buy? A. A Fender used by Jimmy Page. B. A latest model of classic guitar. C. A small guitar for a beginner. 听第 10 段材料，回答 18 至 20 题。 18. What should international students do when they get to college in America? A. Take out a medical insurance policy. B. Ask the college to recommend a doctor. C. Get a check-up. 19. According to the man, what is the standard form of medical care in America? A. Public clinics. B. College clinics. C. Private doctors. 20. What should international students bring when they go to America? A. Their health records. B. The contact information of their doctors. C. Medicine. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. ______ M(m)oney plays an important role in ______ material world. But you can't expect it to give you real happiness. A. A; the B. /; a C. /; the D. The; the
22. ______ the renminbi to rise a little after 2005, the Chinese government is now under intense pressure to make it fall. A. Allowing B. Allowed C. To allow D. Having allowed 23. It is very important to read and understand the ______ fully before you sign it. Sometimes there could be tricks involved. A. contract B. contact C. contradiction D. contrast 24. Leaving the snow in Washington for the West Coast, President Obama promised federal money to help deal with ______ he called a "very challenging situation". A. which B. what C. it D. that 25. I ______ him from his offending father than I turned angrily away and hit his head on the pole. A. hardly rescued B. have no sooner rescued C. had hardly rescued D. had no sooner rescued 26. ______ going to the program The Voice of China, she knew she had to be there or her instructor would be dissatisfied. A. Although much she disliked B. Much although she disliked C. As she disliked much D. Much as she disliked 27. --- I will come to talk with you about my son at 8:00 tomorrow. --- I’m sorry, by then the students will have come into the classroom and I ______ them new words and expressions. A. am teaching B. will teach C. will have taught D. will be teaching 28. --- Where will you start your work after graduation? --- Mmm, it’s not been decided yet. I ______ continue my study for a higher degree. A. need B. must C. might D. would 29. Chinese shoppers have become the biggest consumers of luxury goods in the world, ______ 29 percent of global consumption. A. making for B. answering for C. allowing for D. accounting for 30. No matter how often ______, the students even those excellent ones still use the word in a wrong way. A. to be reminded B. reminded C. being reminded D. reminding 31. The search, ______ one expert described as similar to looking for a "needle in a haystack," is being conducted with the help of 26 countries. A. what B. that C. which D. where 32. When I caught sight of an elevator running constantly at Jiuzhaigou Valley Scenic and Historic Interest Area, I was too sad at the loss of the ________ taste of nature. A. artificial B. critical C. original D. specific 33. From what you have said, it is clear that UNICET ______ so popular now had it not done so much for children. A. will not be B. would not be C. would not have been D. will not have been 34. The weather in London is so changeable that people always bring their umbrella with them ______ rain.
A. for fear of B. in terms of C. on top of D. on behalf of 35. ---Why are you crying? Today is your birthday! ---______. I am so excited with so many friends surrounding me. A. Just can’t help it B. Don’t mention it C. None of your business D. That’s all right 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The newspaper I previously worked for employs a very friendly receptionist. All receptionists are 36 to be friendly, but Connie Abbott has such a positive tone, she could 37 your day by saying, "Did anyone ever tell you that you look like a movie star? You ought to go to 38 and try for the title role in a new movie: The Return of King Kong." "A movie star?" you'd say. " 39 . That's the best compliment I've received since my music teacher told me I sing as well as Milli Vanilli." I 40 Connie's friendliness because I've encountered a few unfriendly receptionists including one at the Indian 41 in Washington D.C. who could make both King Kong and Godzilla fly away 42 . During a stop at the embassy several years ago, I watched her 43 visitor after visitor and thought to myself, "One billion people to choose from and they couldn't hire anyone 44 ? This woman could single-handedly 45 India's tourist industry. If the Indian government were smarter, they'd appoint her to a new position: Director of 46 . The crime rate would drop so fast, many politicians would lose money." 47 , Connie is so pleasant that some people 48 to call the newspaper every day just to 49 her." Whatever they say, Connie remains friendly and polite. She's an excellent receptionist and a true success. Yes, a success. For some reason, we seem to 50 the term "success" for people with money, fame or 51 . But who gave them such a monopoly? Alan Greenspan? You 52 be an actor or entrepreneur or software expert to be a success. Receptionist, 53 , teacher, janitor, homemaker, or plumbers, can be just as successful, 54 they've never made a single appearance on Oprah. 55 , if Oprah Winfrey invited me on her television show, I'd tell her all about it. 36. A. tired B. supposed C. concerned D. worried 37. A. mess B. disturb C. brighten D. celebrate 38. A. Hollywood B. Gold Coast C. Disneyland D. Cannes 39. A. That’s right B. You’re pulling my leg C. You’re joking D. Thank you so much 40. A. appreciate B. require C. dislike D. doubt 41. A. Hotel B. Theatre C. Exhibition D. embassy 42. A. in delight B. at risk C. in fear D. at ease 43. A. serve B. greet C. annoy D. tease 44. A. friendlier B. more famous C. more respected D. prettier
45. A. promote B. ruin C. manage D. encourage 46. A. Schools B. Prisons C. Public Traffic D. Government Office 47. A. On the contrary B. Instead C. In contrast D. In addition 48. A. hesitate B. beg C. long D. choose 49. A. greet B. praise C. confirm D. scold 50. A. resist B. reserve C. restore D. reject 51. A. force B. strength C. energy D. power 52. A. can B. must C. don’t have to D. oughtn’t to 53. A. farmer B. millionaire C. professor D. manager 54. A. so long as B. even if C. unless D. once 55. A. Generally B. Nevertheless C. Therefore D. Actually 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A A law recently passed in Egypt makes it illegal for groups of more than 10 people to gather. However, every Friday a group of young men meets on the outskirts of Cairo, not to protest, but to practice a sport called Parkour that is sweeping the country. It’s Friday morning in the suburbs of Cairo. A dozen young men meet to practice Parkour, the urban gymnastics craze that’s swept the world. Come rain or shine, the group called PKE --- or Parkour Egypt --- meets every week to work on moves. The few onlookers seem impressed, although Ahmed Nasser Saif says they're not always appreciated. “They call me crazy man or they don’t know what I do. So I’m strange for that life. Why I run? Why I climb some buildings?” said Nasser Saif. But the sport may have advantages in today’s Egypt where crime is on the rise. Some of these men say they've used Parkour to chase down criminals. Mustafa Kosha, one of the coaches, says he caught a pickpocket a few months ago. “A guy stole something from a girl and he ran. We ran after him. Because of Parkour we could choose the shortest way to run. He was moving behind the cars. We jumped over the cars. We can do anything like that. So we caught him and he’s in a police station right now,” said Kosha. Parkour has also been useful for Egypt's film and TV industry. Companies like Mobinil and Jeep use it for tricks in their commercials. As with all sports, Parkour builds self-confidence, says Ahmed Mohammed Munir. “Parkour gives me a very big self-confidence. I can jump. I can go. I can run. So this gives me very high self-confidence,” said Munir. But, in a country where the streets are better known for tear gas and battles than gymnastics, Parkour, said coach Kosha, encourages friendship and cooperation. “Parkour brings people together. I saw people; they are now my best friends. We go out together.
We train together. It’s a different lifestyle. I love Parkour because of that,” said Kosha. Although the social unrest continues in Egypt, nothing stops these young men from training. Not divisive politics, nor bad weather. 56. What does the passage mainly tell us? A. Parkour is a kind of sport which is forbidden in Egypt. B. Parkour is becoming popular all over Egypt. C. Like many other sports, Parkour is beneficial to people in different ways. D. Peope in Egypt often get together because they are crazy about Parkour. 57. What can we learn from what Mustafa Kosha says in the passage? A. A man who likes Parkour stole something from a girl. B. The guy drove his car and escaped being caught. C. They could catch the thief easily because they are good at Parkour. D. The man was caught by the police owing to his timely telephone call to the police. 58. Which of the following is TRUE according to the whole passage? A. All the Egyptians do not think highly of those who are good at Parkour. B. People have to stop practising Parkour because of divisive politics and bad weather. C. Egypt is a country where peace is seldom seen presently. D. Although Parkour is forbidden in Egypt, people still do it secretly. 59. What’s the writer’s idea about Parkour? A. Positive . B. Opposed C. Conservative. D. Supportive. B The consumption of caffeine is the energy boost of choice for millions to wake up or stay up. Now, however, researchers at the Johns Hopkins University have found another use for the stimulant: memory enhancer. Michael Yassa, assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences in the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences at Johns Hopkins, and his team of scientists found that caffeine has a positive effect on long-term memory in humans. Their research, published by the journal Nature Neuroscience, shows that caffeine enhances certain memories at least up to 24 hours after it is consumed. "We've always known that caffeine has cognitive-enhancing effects, but its particular effects on strengthening memories and making them resistant to forgetting has never been examined in detail in humans," said Yassa, senior author of the paper. "We report for the first time a specific effect of caffeine on reducing forgetting over 24 hours." The Johns Hopkins researchers conducted a double-blind trial, in which participants who did not regularly eat or drink caffeinated products received either a placebo or a 200-milligram caffeine tablet five minutes after studying a series of images. Salivary(唾液) samples were taken from the participants before they took the tablets to measure their caffeine levels. Samples were taken again one, three and 24 hours afterwards. The next day, both groups were tested on their ability to recognize images from the previous day's study session. On the test, some of the visuals were the same as from the day before, some
were new additions and some were similar but not the same as the items previously viewed. More members of the caffeine group were able to correctly identify the new images as "similar" to previously viewed images versus erroneously(错误地) citing them as the same. The brain's ability to recognize the difference between two similar but not identical items, called pattern separation, reflects a deeper level of memory reservation, the researchers said. "If we used a standard recognition memory task without these tricky similar items, we would have found no effect of caffeine," Yassa said. "However, using these items requires the brain to make a more difficult discrimination --- what we call pattern separation, which seems to be the process that is enhanced by caffeine in our case." Until now, caffeine's effects on long-term memory had not been examined in detail. Of the few studies done, the general consensus was that caffeine has little or no effect on long-term memory reservation. The research is different from prior experiments because the subjects took the caffeine tablets only after they had viewed and attempted to memorize the images. "Almost all prior studies administered caffeine before the study session, so if there is an enhancement, it's not clear if it's due to caffeine's effects on attention, vigilance, focus or other factors. By administering caffeine after the experiment, we rule out all of these effects and make sure that if there is an enhancement, it's due to memory and nothing else," said Yassa. 60. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Researchers have long studied the effects of caffeine on strengthening memory. B. The subjects are required to drink caffeine products before studying a series of images. C. Michael Yassa and his team adopted an unconventional method to support their findings. D. The caffeine group fail to recognize the difference between similar but not identical items. 61. What’s the main difference between Yassa’s experiment and previous ones? A. The time when caffeine is taken B. The images the participants memorize C. The amount of the caffeine taken D. The age of the subjects 62. What is the passage mainly about? A. Caffeine boosts energy. B. Caffeine enhances memory. C. Tea helps us stay up. D. People refresh in different ways. C Let’s assume you have two months, plenty of energy, and a desire to see much of Europe. Fly to London --- a manageable, English-speaking starting point --- and travel around Europe with a 2-month Eurailpass(欧洲火车通票). Budget for a $900 round-trip ticket to London, around $1,300 for a two-month first-class Eurailpass, and $100 a day for room, board, and sightseeing. You can do it for less by staying at hostels and traveling by bus or second-class trains. If I were planning my first European trip and wanted to see as much as I could in two months, this is the trip I’d take. London and Side trips (5 days) London is Europe’s great entertainer. Get on a "hop-on, hop-off" orientation bus tour from the park in front of Victoria Station. Give the London Eye Ferris Wheel a spin and tour the British
Museum. Every day will be busy and each night filled with a pub and a play. Spend your remaining time in the English countryside: Bath, the Cotswolds, York, and the university city of Cambridge. But the Continent beckons. Paris is only three hours away by Eurostar train (15 trains per day). Paris (3 days) Ascend the Eiffel Tower to survey a Paris studded with architectural gems and historical one-of-a-kinds. Take the Pont-Neuf bridge over to the Samaritaine department store for a self-serve lunch and a great rooftop view. Be sure to experience the Louvre, Orsay Museum, Napoleon’s Tomb, and Latin Quarter nightlife. Take a side trip to Europe’s greatest palace, Louis XIV’s Versailles. Start your Eurail-pass when you leave Paris (it doesn’t work in Great Britain). Take the overnight train to Madrid (14 hours), or take a detour: Loire Valley (2 days). Spain and Portugal (12 days) Madrid (2 days) On arrival, reserve your train out. Reservations on long trains are required in Spain (and Norway), even with a Eurailpass. Take a taxi or the subway to Puerto del Sol to find a central hotel. Bullfights (in summer), shopping, and museums will fill your sunny days. Madrid’s three essential sights are the Prado Museum, Reina Sofia, and the Royal Palace. From Madrid, side-trip to Toledo (60 minutes by train, bus, or shared taxi). Save a day for this perfectly preserved historic capital, home of El Greco and his masterpieces. Back in Madrid, take the night train to Lisbon (about 10 hours). Lisbon (2 days) Portugal’s friendly capital, can keep a visitor busy for many days. Its highlight is the Alfama. This salty old sailors’ quarter is a photographer’s delight. Circle south for a 2-day stop on Portugal’s south coast, the Algarve (train to Lagos, about 6 hours). Settle down in Salema, the best beach village on the south coast of Portugal. Cross into Andalucí a for flamenco, hill towns, and Sevilla. Sevilla and Andalucí a (3 days) After strolling through Sevilla, the city of flamenco, head for the hills and explore Andalucía’s Route of the Whitewashed Hill Towns. Ride the speedy AVE train back to Madrid. Fly or catch the night train to Barcelona (2 days). Spend a couple of days touring the Picasso Museum, relaxing, shopping, and exploring the Gothic Quarter. Then catch a night train to Arles, France (about 11 hours). 63. If you take the route recommended by the author, how much will the entire 2-month trip probably cost? A. $2,300 B. $3,200 C. $8,200 D. $9,100 64. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Eurailpass is always valid during your tour around Europe. B. Spain is the only country in Europe where reservations on long trains are required. C. Following the route, you will have the chance to visit museums in each destination country.
D. A visit to the surrounding areas of the major cities is always available during the trip. 65. The passage is written mainly to ______. A. advertise some famous cities around Europe B. introduce a possible route to tour around Europe C. provide some information about possible means of transport in Europe D. draw attention to the landmark architecture of some major cities in Europe D "Now, Valentine," said the warden, "You'll go out in the morning. Make a man of yourself. You're not a bad fellow really. Stop breaking open safes and be honest.” "Me?" said Jimmy, in surprise. "Why, I've never broken open a safe in my life." "Oh, no," laughed the warden. "Of course not. And what about that Springfield job? Do you mean to say you didn't take part in it?" "Me?" said Jimmy still more surprised. "Why, warden, I've never been to Springfield in my life!" "Take him back," the warden said to the guard smiling, "and give him some clothes. Unlock him at seven in the morning and let him come to me. Better think over my advice, Valentine." At a quarter past seven the next morning Jimmy stood in the warden's office. He wore a badly-fitting ready-made suit and the cheap shoes that the state gives to prisoners, when they are set free. The clerk handed him a railroad ticket and the five-dollar bill with which he was supposed to start a new, honest life. The warden gave him a cigar, and they shook hands. Valentine, 9762, was registered on the books "Pardoned by Governor," and Mr. James Valentine walked out into the sunshine. Disregarding the song of the birds, the green trees, and the smell of the flowers, Jimmy went straight to a restaurant. There he ordered a roast chicken and a bottle of white wine and a better cigar than the one the warden had given him. Then he walked slowly to the railroad station. He put a quarter into the hat of a blind man sitting by the door, and took a train. Three hours later he arrived at his native town, went directly to the cafe of his old friend Mike Dolan and shook hands with Mike, who was alone behind the counter. "Sorry we couldn't make it sooner, Jimmy, my boy," said Mike. "It wasn't so easy this time and we had a lot of trouble. Are you all right?" "Fine," said Jimmy. "Have you got my key?" He took his key and went upstairs, unlocking the door of his room. Everything was just as he had left it. There on the floor was still the collar-button that had been torn from the shirt of Ben Price --- the well known detective --- when Price had come to arrest him. Jimmy removed a panel in the wall and dragged out a dust-covered suitcase. He opened it and looked fondly at the finest set of burglar's tools in the East. It was a complete set, made of special steel. The set consisted of various tools of the latest design. He had invented two or three of them himself, and was very proud of them. Over nine hundred dollars they had cost him! They had been made at X., a place where they make such things for the profession. In half an hour Jimmy went downstairs and walked through the cafe. He was now dressed in an elegant new suit, and carried his cleaned suitcase in his hand. "What are you going to do next? To
break another safe?" asked Mike Dolan smiling cheerfully. "I don't understand. I'm representing the New York Amalgamated Biscuit Company." This statement delighted Mike to such an extent that he gave Jimmy a seltzer-and-milk on the spot. Jimmy never touched “hard” drinks. A week after the release of Valentine, 9762, there was a new safe-burglary in Richmond, Indiana. 66. What can best describe the chief meaning of the passage? A. Jimmy was free and then paid attention to his behavior. B. Jimmy was hardly out from the jail when he was prepared to return to his former career. C. Jimmy had a good relationship with the warden and Mike. D. Jimmy felt very excited after he was set free. 67. What can be used to replace the underlined part in paragraph 3? A. one of the usual jobs. B. helping to break safes. C. the job of repairing safes. D. a robbery. 68. Which can be implied from the passage? A. Mike felt delighted because he knew Jimmy couldn't mend his ways. B. Jimmy wanted to do something to vow (发誓) revenge on his friends. C. Jimmy was very proud of his own invented tools. D. It was up to the warden to make Jimmy free. 69. According to the passage, the followings are wrong EXCEPT ______. A. Jimmy was forgiven by the government due to his innocence. B. Dressed in an elegant new suit, Jimmy could do something right. C. When set free, Jimmy was offered money, clothes and the ticket, allowing him to return. D. The warden shook hands with Jimmy in order to encourage him to do the job well. 70. Which of the following is true according to the story? A. This is an imagined story that happens in 9762. B. Jimmy lied to the warden that he had never broken a safe. C. Jimmy was so clever that he made two or three of the theft tools himself. D. Whenever Jimmy went out for crimes, he would take a seltzer-and-milk. 第四部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分；满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个 最恰当的单 ．． 词。 注意：每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Gender bias(偏见) seems to affects men’s and women’s perception of women’s math skills Think women can’t do math? You’re wrong --- but new research shows you might not change your mind, even if you get evidence to the contrary. A study of how men and women perceive each other’s mathematical ability finds that an unconscious bias against women could be affecting hiring decisions and widening the gender gap in math-dependent professions.
The inspiration for the experiment was a 2008 study that analyzed the results of a standardized test of math and verbal abilities taken by 15-year-olds around the world. The results challenged the harmful stereotype that girls and women are biologically inferior at mathematics. Although the female test-takers fell behind males on the math portion of the test, the size of the gap closely tracked the degree of gender inequality in their countries, shrinking to nearly zero in liberated countries such as Sweden and Norway. That suggests that cultural biases may be the better explanation than biology for the gender gap in math. To tease out the mechanism of discrimination, two of the authors of that study, joined by an experimental psychologist, designed an experiment to test people’s gender bias about mathematical ability. Study participants of both sexes were divided into two groups: employers and job candidates. The job was simple: As accurately and quickly as possible, add up sets of two-digit numbers in a four-minute math test. (The researchers did not tell the participants, but it is already known that men and women perform equally well on this task.) The employers were motivated to choose the best people for the job because they would make more money if their hires outperformed (胜过) the candidates they turned down. At the end of the experiment, the employers took the Implicit Association Test, which is widely used in social psychology research and which measures unconscious bias by forcing you to quickly link various words. If you associate “man” with “math” more quickly than “woman” with “math,” for example, that reveals a possible bias. The employers had limited information to make their hiring decisions. In some cases, they got nothing but a glance at the candidate; this revealed the candidate’s sex, of course. In other cases, the employers also had the candidate’s assessment of how many problems he or she expected to be able to complete in the four-minute period. And sometimes, the employers had a chance to change a hiring decision after they were told how the candidates had performed on the math test. Men and women employers alike revealed their prejudice against women for a known lack of mathematical ability. When the only information that the employers had was a photograph of the candidate, men were twice as likely to be hired for the simple math job, whether it was a man or woman doing the hiring, the team reports online last week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The hiring bias did not disappear when candidates reported their ability on the task, in part because women tended to underestimate their ability while men tended to boast. The study is “quite important,” says Mahzarin Banaji, a Harvard University psychologist who was not involved in the research, because it shows that people’s prejudice not only affects their judgment of women’s math skills but also decreases their ability to correct it. “The stronger the gender stereotype, the less you are likely to change in favor of women even when you hear about a woman’s strong performance on the test.” Gender bias seems to affects men’s and women’s perception of women’s math skills Passage outline Supporting details
71 of the study of how men and women acknowledge each other’s mathematical ability The results of a standardized test of math and verbal abilities taken by 15-year-olds around the world Another experiment 75 to test about mathematical ability
People may show 72 against women unconsciously, which could be affecting hiring decisions and widening the gender gap in jobs 73 on math ability. Female fell behind males on the math test, but the gap hardly existed in liberated countries. As a result, biases in cultures may better 74 for the gender gap in math. Both sexes who 76 in the study were divided into two groups: employers and job candidates. When making 77 decisions, men and women employers alike thought women were inferior to men in mathematical ability. The study showed that gender biases not only 78________ people’s judgment of women’s math skills but also damaged their ability to 80 it.
Mahzarin Banajia expressed his 79 towards the study.
第五部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Teenagers’ secrets should be kept to themselves and no one else, their parents included, has the right to stick their nose into their private life. As we know, teenagers are going through a special period of development both physically and psychologically. They are curious about and puzzled by the unexpected changes in their body and mind. What’s more, exposed to a world of adults, it is only too natural for them to begin imitating adults’ behaviors in secret. Boys begin to smoke and girls begin to spend time doing their hair. Some even begin to date with a girlfriend or boyfriend without their parents’ knowledge. They are doing all this in secret because they are still unsure whether it is right to do so and afraid that, if found out by their parent, they will get misunderstood and even punished. And in fact, in many cases, the parents can not deal with the matter well and hurt their children’s feelings badly, making children no longer willing to communicate with their parents. When this happens, it hurts terribly the whole family feeling. So it seems right that teenagers should keep their secrets to themselves and their parents should allow their children that right. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容。 2.以 120 个词就“青少年的秘密该不该让父母知道”这一话题发表你的看法，内容包括： （1）孩子不愿让父母知道秘密的原因是什么。 （2）根据自己的经历，谈谈如何看待这种做法。 （3）父母对你的做法有怎样的反应？
2015 届高三英语模拟 6 参考答案 1—5 CBBBA 6—10 BBABC 11—15 BCAAB 16—20 ACACA
21-25 CDABD 26-30 DDCDB 31-35 CCBAA 36-40 BCADA 41-45 DCCAB 46-50 BCDAB 51-55 DCABD 56-59 BCCD 60-62 CAB 63-65 CDB 66-70 BDACB 71. Findings/Results 72. prejudice/discrimination/bias 73. depending/relying 74. account 75. designed/intended/meant/aimed 76. participated 77. hiring 78. attitude 79. affected 80. correct One possible version: Teenagers have their own secrets and parents always show interest in them, which is very likely to hurt the feelings of children, who, in response, tend to hide their secrets from their parents. Practically, teenagers are going through a special period, often puzzled by their physical and mental changes. For fear of getting misunderstood by their parents, they choose to copy adults’ behavior secretly. This idea sounds acceptable but is actually of no benefit. Children’s secrets should in part, if not all, be shared by their parents. Keeping them to themselves may lead to unimaginable harm. Speaking from my experience, unlike many other teenagers, I always let my parents know my secrets. They are always ready to offer me valuable advice about how to deal with my puzzles. I am very happy to have such understanding parents, who contribute a lot to my happy life during this special life stage. 听力录音文字稿 Text 1 W: The construction in front of our building has been going on for about two months now, and it’s driving me crazy! Plus, there’s no reason they need to start at seven o’clock in the morning. M: True enough. Let’s see what we can do about it. I’ll talk to them first thing in the morning. Text 2 W: John, you’ve been to Asia before, right? M: Sure, lots of times. Are you thinking of taking a trip there? W: Maybe. What places would you recommend? Text 3 W: How is your book coming, Jason? M: Uh, it’s okay. I talked to some soldiers about their experiences in the war. Now, I just have to organize my information and expand on their stories. Text 4 W: Did you hear that John passed the Step One United States Medical Licensing Examination? M: Finally! It’s about time! W: Yeah, he’s really happy. He invited us out for drinks tonight.
Text 5 M: Could you get onto the couch and lie on your back, please? Now, I am going to take your left leg and see how far you can raise it. Keep the knee straight. Does that hurt at all? W: Yes, just a little. M: Let me just call Dr. Bronson. Text 6 W: Are you going to vote on whether or not to close the cafeteria? M: Yeah. I was going to vote this afternoon after my history class. W: Which option are you going to vote for? M: I’m going to vote to close the cafeteria and open a barbecue grill on campus. W: You think those kinds of places are better than the cafeteria in the Student Center? M: Sure. I like variety. So, the more food choices to select from, the better! I don’t like the food in the cafeteria. It’s too much like the food in my high school cafeteria. W: I don’t think the cafeteria food is that bad. M: Another reason I don’t like the cafeteria is that it’s always so crowded. I can never find a place to park my bike during lunch. Text 7 W: Excuse me, is this the baggage claim area from AM 231? M: Yes, can I help you? W: Well, this is my baggage claim tag. But I still can’t find my checked baggage. M: Don’t worry. I am sure it will come in a minute. The baggage checked in the first would come out later, for the porters put it in the airplane earlier than others. W: Thank you, but I am a little worried. M: How many pieces of luggage do you have? Can you describe them? W: I have two suitcases and one bag. One is a large dark blue leather suitcase. Another one is a medium gray leather suitcase. Also, I have a light brown small bag. All of them have my name tag on them. Text 8 W: Hello, can I speak to Sam? M: This is Sam speaking. W: Sam, this is Jane. Could you review the results of the survey on sporting activities again? We need to plan out our proposal for this Friday’s business meeting. M: Sure, Jane. I’ve summarized the results, broken down by consumer age groups and sporting activities. The survey was carried out among 550 men and women between the ages of 18 and 55, and the results have been organized in terms of the following age groups: 18 to 26, 27 to 35, 36 to 45, and 46 to 55. According to the results, the most active group is the 18-to-26 group, followed by people 36 to 45 years old. W: Okay. M: As far as particular sports are concerned, people in these two groups reported jogging as their favorite recreational sport, followed by skiing, tennis, swimming, and cycling. W: And what about these groups broken down by sex? M: Oh, Jane, thanks for bringing that up. Men appear to be slightly more active than women in the 18-to-26-year-old age group, but women seem more active in the other three groups. W: Hmm. Based on what you have said, I think we should consider targeting the 18-to-26-year-old age group in the future. M: I agree with you. Text 9
M: I heard from my friend that you have a lot of classic guitars here. I love guitars, and I am a big music fan. Do you think that you could show me some of your more special pieces? W: Sure! We have a large number of old guitars. Most of them are Fenders, and almost all of them were guitars that the great guitar players liked to use. For example, we have the guitar that Jimi Hendrix played in the 1970s. M: Jimi Hendrix was okay, but I’m really more of a Jimmy Page fan. Do you have any of his old guitars? W: Yes, we do. We have the Fender that he played at his famous 1975 show in Chicago. It’s priced a little higher than our other guitars, though, because he signed the back of it. M: Wow. That is absolutely amazing. There’s no price you can put on something like that. A real fan would pay anything just to have that. W: Well, would you like to take it home, sir? M: Not this time, thank you. I came by your shop because I was curious about your classic guitars. But now that I am here, I think I will buy a small guitar for my nephew to learn to play. Do you have anything like that here? W: Certainly, I’ll be happy to show you that now, if you’d like. If you ever have any other questions about our collection of classic guitars, please feel free to visit our website or come by the shop any time. Text 10 W: Dr. Wallace, could you tell me something about health insurance in America, please? M: Certainly. Most universities and colleges in the United States have a health insurance plan for international students. It generally costs around $300 a year now. You may think it is a waste of money, but if you have even a small medical problem, the insurance will help you to pay the bills. So, you should take out a medical insurance policy when you arrive at the university. I am sure the International Students Office will help you with that. Private doctors are the standard form of medical care in America, but there are also college clinics, public and private clinics, etc. The quality of medical care can be very different at these different places, so it would be better if you ask an American friend for advice before going to see a doctor. Before you leave China, I suggest you have a check-up. If there is something wrong, you can have it taken care of in your own country. Don’t forget to take your personal and family health records abroad with you. They provide important and useful information if you need to go to the hospital. But remember to take good care of yourself. Don’t work too hard...