A Brief Introduction Course: Intercultural Communication Textbook: Intercultural Communication in English (Revised Edition), by Xu Lisheng, Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press
, 2010. Teaching aim of this term: To make students understand the relationship between language and culture to foster intercultural communication awareness and develop intercultural communicative competence and to
comprehensively improve the overall capacity. Requirements for the course: We won’t just focus on the textbook; we shall add many other related materials. So the requirements are: before class -- prepare the lesson; during the class -- take part in the discussion and case study; take notes very carefully; after class -- finish the exercises; review what’s learned. Your final score: class presentation + homework + class performance = 40% term exam = 60% Introduction: Intercultural Communication & Cross-cultural Communication
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Names Addressing Expressing Thanks and Responses Family Life Friendship Social Interaction Terms of Color Topics for presentation (as a reference) Idioms Introduction Conversation Telephone calls Facial expressions Eye behaviors Gestures Posture Time Space *Attention: the topics chosen shall be around communication across cultures, not just about culture itself.
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Unit One Communication Across Cultures I. Warm Up
Please read the folk tale, then answer the questions: 1. Why is it difficult to explain to a blind person what colors are? 2. Do you sometimes find it hard to make yourself properly understood by others? If you do, why do you think it is hard? II. Reading
1. Read the article of “Intercultural Communication: An Introduction” and answer the questions?
? Supplement: What is intercultural communication (IC)? What do you know about it? 1. Definition IC is concerned with communication among people from different cultural backgrounds. Intercultural communication refers to communication between people whose cultural perception and symbol system are distinct enough to alter the communication event. 2. Forms of IC (1) International Communication: International communication takes place between nations and governments rather than individuals; it is
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quite formal and ritualized(仪式化) . (2) Interethnic Communication: Ethnic groups usually form their own communities in a country or culture. These groups share a common origin or heritage that is apt to influence family names, language, religion, values, and the like. (3) Interracial Communication: Interracial communication occurs when the sender and the receiver exchanging messages are from different races. (4) Intracultural Communication: It is defined as communication between or among members of the same culture. 3. Features (1) It is a branch of communication. (2) It mainly deals with verbal and nonverbal interaction and related factors in intercultural communication. (3) Its verbal medium is language while its nonverbal communication systems include body language, facial expressions, etc.
2. Read the article of “The Challenge of Globalization” on page 13-16 and answer the questions?
?Supplement: History and Present State of IC Studies (1) IC and IC studies
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IC studies are rather new while IC (activities) is almost as long as our human history: (2) IC Studies in USA and China In 1950s and 1960s America, as the most powerful country, had frequent contacts with other countries. Some of these activities were successful but others were failures. Some of the Americans left a bad or even disgusting impression on the native people. Thus in 1958 The Ugly American shows the American officials in Southeast Asia. (The trigger of IC studies) In 1959 The Silent Language by American cultural anthropologist Edward Hall signified the emergence of this discipline. This course was offered in USA in late 1960s in five universities. Since 1970s it has been popular in USA with 200 universities and 60 graduated schools offering it in 1978. This course was introduced to the Chinese scholars in 1980s. According to Hu Wenzhong in 1995 there were only Beijing Foreign Studies University, Heilongjiang University, Harbin Industrial University, Shanghai Foreign Studies University and Fujian Teachers University. It is rather new in China.
?Homework: Read the article of “Stumbling Blocks in Intercultural Communication”. Some questions will be asked next class.
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3. Read the story on page 9, then discuss the question: Which do you think is the mark of beauty, thin or fat? Why is it often said that beauty is in the eye of the beholder? 4. Discuss the cases of communication given on page 11-12 is possibly intercultural or not and, if it is, to what extent it is intercultural. 5. Read these two different views on IC mentioned on page 12, then state your point of view clearly and support your argument with convincing and substantial evidence. 6. Read the story of “How We Address Each Other?” and identify the differences on addressing between Chinese people and Americans.
?Supplement: formal situation In England, people call each other by first name, such as between employers and employees. in less formal People usually use first name, even they meet for the first time, regardless of age and status first names are less likely to be used use of the first name among colleagues is customary; use the title plus last name would be taken as an open declaration of dislike
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settings informal situation in many offices
someone. the most frequent Mr. / Mrs. / Miss. / Ms.
used titles general address collective terms terms of endearment husband & wife / dear / darling / love Notes on English Titles 1. In informal situations, people usually call each other by their first names. 2. Mutual use of first names does not in every situation imply friendship and intimacy. 3. Use of title plus last name in an informal circumstance is still avoided. It would be taken as being too cold, an open declaration of dislike. 4. Children often address schoolmistresses simply as 'Miss' without adding their surnames. 5. "Sir" and "Madam" without adding their surnames are usually addressed by people like shop-assistants or air-hostesses. 6. When "Sir" is used before a life peer in Britain, it is of course a title of lords. The word can be used before a person's whole name like
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of Sir / Madam / Mack / Buddy / mate
"Sir Beatle Paul McCartney" or just with the first name alone like "Sir Paul". 7. In English professional titles, the most commonly used three are Doctor(博士),Professor and Doctor(医生) that can go together with a person's name. Other titles that can be used together with a person's name are Queen (Queen Mary 玛 丽 女 王 ） ， Prince (Prince Charles),President (President Clinton),Senator (Senator Fulbright 议 员） , Judge (Judge Harley 法官） , Father (Father White 神父),General (General Patten), Colone (Colonel Quail 上校)and so on. III. Case Study: Students are required to read the cases given carefully and try to analyse them from the viewpoint of IC.
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