第十二章 非谓语动词 一、基础练习 1.The headmaster wanted the new classroom building___as soon as pos-sible. A.to put up B.to be put up C.to have been put up D.being put up 2.At the shopping-centre,he didn’t
know what____and____with an empty bag. A.to buy;leave B.to be bought C.to buy;left D.was so buy;leave 3.The policeman put down the phone,____with a smile on his face. A.satisfied B.satisfying C.to be satisfied D.having satisfied 4.____,your composition is full of mistakes. A.Writing carelessly B.Written carelessly C.Having written carelessly D.Being written carelessly 5.She made a candle_____us light. A.give B.gave C.to give D.given 6.The stranger you saw_____with a big travelling-bag stayed in Room 104 yesterday. A.to come in B.come in C.has come in D.who came in 7.——What do you suppose made her worried? ——_____a gold ring. A.Lose B.Lost C.Losing D.Because of losing 8.He feft a stone____his back. A.hitting B.hit C.hitted D.to hit 9.I know it’s not important,but I can’t help_____about it. A.to think B.and think C.thinking D.being thought 10._____several times the young scientist still kept on making his experi-ments. A.Having been failed B.Having failed C.Though failed D.Because of failure 11.In Australia,he made a lot of friends____a very practical knowledge of the English language. A.get B.go get C.getting D.got 12.——What did you mean by saying that? ——I mean no harm.I only____. A.meant heping B.want to help C.meant of help D.want helping 13.I never expected the shoes_____. A.wearing out B.to be worn out C.to have worn out D.being worn out 14.You must learn_____. A.that your time needs a wise use B.how to make lest of your time C.to make wise use of your time D.wise ways to use your time 15._____is better_____one’s life than_____one’s spirit. A. That; lost; you lose B. It; to lose; lose C.This ; losing ; losing D. It; to lose ; to lose 16. Peter wanted his TV______,but his wife would rather have it______off. A. fixed; thrown B. to be fixed ; be thrown C.fixed ; throwing D.fixing ; throwing 17. _____the news of his father's death, he burst into tears. A. After hearing B. On hearing C. Having heard D. While hearing 18. Most of the artists______to the party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 19. Tom kept quiet about the accident_______lose his job.
A. so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to 20. She searched the top of the hill and stopped______on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest 21. Last summer I took a course on_______. A. how to make dress B. how dress be made C. how to be made dress D. how dress to be made 22. The secretary worded late into the night,______a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 23. She's upstairs_______letters. A. writes B. is writing C. write D. writing 24. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn't make himself______. A. hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard 25. The murderer was brought in ,with his hands______behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 26. On Saturday afternoon, Mr Green went to the market,_____some ba-nanas and visited his cousin .A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy 27. Jane was made______the truck for a week as a punishment. A. to wash B. washing C. wash D. to be washing 28. Mr Smith warned his daughter _____after drinking. A. never to drive B. to never drive C. never driving D. never drive 29. ——The light in the office is still on. ——Oh, I forgot _______. A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off 30. I can hardly imagine Peter ______across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed 31. ——Shall we go skating or stay at home? ——Which____do yourself? A. do you rather B. would you rather C. will you rather D. should you rather 32. ____a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received 33. The salesman scolded the girl caught______and let her off. A. to have stolen B. to be stealing C. to steal D. stealing 34. Little Jim should love_____to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 35. ——I usually go there by train. ——Why not____by boat for a change? A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going 36. I would appreciate______back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you're calling 37. _____is a good form of exercise for both young and old. A. The walk B. Walking C. To walk D. Walk 38. "Can't you read?"Mary said_____to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. an angrily pointing
39. The computer centre,______last year, is very popular among the students in this school. A. open B. opening C.having opened D. opened 40. Charles Babbage is generally considered______the first computer. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 41. How about the two of us_____a walk down the garden? A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking 42. ______down the radio —the baby's asleep in the next room. A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn 43. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks,______that he had enjoyed his stay here.A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added 44. The first textbooks ______for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written B. to be written C. being written D. and arrived 45. She set out soon after dark _____ home an hour later. A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived D. and arrived 46. The missing boys were last seen ______near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 47. Rather than ______ on a crowded bus ,he always prefers ______ a bicy-cle. A. ride; ride B. riding ; ride C. ride ; to ride D. to ride; riding 48. ——I must apologize for _____ ahead to time. —— That's all right. A. letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 49. Paul doesn't have to be made _____. He always works hard. A. learn B. to learn C. learned D. learning 50. We agreed _____here but so far she hasn't turned up yet. A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 51. ——You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. ——Well,now I regret ______that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done 52. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street ,but his mother told him _____. A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 53. ______in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose 54. The patient was warned _____oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. going D. having gone 55. I would love _____to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. to be first playing 56. The Olympic Games, ______in 776 B. C. , did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing B. to be first played C. first played D. to be first playing 57. _____is know to all, China will be an_____and powerful country in 20 or 30 years' time. A. That;advancing B. This;advanced C. As; advanced D. It ; advancing 58. ——Do you feel like _____there or shall we take a bus?
——I'd like to walk. But since there isn't much time left. I 'd rather we _____a taxi. A. walking; hire B. to walk; hire C. to walk ; hired D. walking; hired 【试题解析】 1、选 B。want 一词表示“打算，想要”，通常构成 want to do 与 want sb. /sth. to do 两 种形式，因为 building 与 put up 之间逻辑上是被动关系，故 want 复合宾语中的不定 式使用了被动式。该句的含义是“校长打算让这座新教学楼尽快建成”。 2、选 C。注意该题中 buy 和 leave 不是两个并列动作，而是说“他在购物中的不知道 该买什么，就带着空兜子离开了”。What to buy 作 didn't know 的宾语，left 与 didn't know 并列。 3、选 A。satisfy 意为“满……，使……满意”，既然人作了主语则用它的过去分词形 式作状语。该句的含义是“警察放下了电话，脸上露出满意的笑容”。 4、选 B。该句主语 your composition 是 write 这一动作的承受者，故 write 应用过去 分词。该句的含义为“因为写的太粗心了，你的作文到处是错误”。该句中过去分词 短语作状语， 相当于 Your composition is full of mistakes because it is written carelessly. 5、 选 C。 不定式 to give us light 作目的状语。 该句的含义是“她做了一个蜡烛来照明”。 6、选 B。 7、选 C。该题的前者问“你认为什么使他着急？”该题的答句是个省略句，这部分应 在句中充当主语， 故用名词或动名词。 该句的完整形式是： Losing a gold ring made her worried（丢失一枚金戒子使她着急），故 C 为正确答案。 8、选 B。该句中 feel 后面接的是一个宾语从句。hit 应使用一般过去时，又因为 hit 过去式与原形相同，故 B 为正确答案。该句的含义是“他感到有块石头打在他后背 上”。 9、选 C。can't help doing sth. 意为“忍不住，禁不住做某事”。该句的含义为“我知道 这并不重要，但我忍不住总去想它”。 10、选 B。 11、 选 B。 该句的含义是“在澳大利亚他交了许多朋友， 学到了英语语言的实用知识”。 不定式 to get a very practical knowledge of the English language 在该句中作结果状语。 12、选 C。高中学生应该知道 mean 的两个常见词义。该题问句中的 mean 表示“意 思……，含……意思”，后面要接名词或动名词，答句中的 mean 表示“意欲，意指， 企图”，后面要接不定式。该句的含义是“你那么说什么意思？”“我没有什么恶意， 我只是想帮忙”。再如： I'm sorry. I didn't mean to hurt her. 对不起，我没想伤害她（但事实上已造了伤害）。 13、选 B。expect 意为“预料，想到”，常形成 expect sb./sth.to do 结构，因为 shoes 与 wear our 为被动关系，所以作为宾语补足语的不定式要用被动形式。该句的含义 是“我没想到这双鞋会穿破”。 14、选 C。learn to do sth. 意为“学会做某事”。该句的含义为“你必须学会聪明地利用 时间”。make use of 意为“利用，使用”。 15、 选 D。 该句中 it 作形式主语， to lose one's life 不仅作 it 的真正主语， 而且与 to lose one's spirit 并列。该句的含义是一个人失去生命总比失去灵魂强”。 16、选 A。 17、选 B。On hearing the news of his father's death…意为 As soon as he heard the news of his father's death…。该题也可以用现在分词的一般式 hearing 作状语，但不可以用 现在分词的完成式（C 项），因为“他突然哭了”这一动作与“听到爸爸去世”这一动作 几乎是同时发生的。
18、选 A。句中的 Most of the artists 与 invite 之间为被动关系，而且表示的是完成的 动作，所以答案应选择 A。句子的意思是：“应邀参加晚会的大多数艺术家均来自于 南非。过去分词 invited 在句子中作定语，其作用相当于 Most of the artists that were invited to the party were from South Africa. 19、选 B。so as to 相当于 in order to,它的否定式应放在不定式 to 之前。注意：so as to 不用于句首。 20、选 C。stop to do sth. =stop and do sth.是停下来正在做的事而去做另一件事。stop doing 是停止做某事。 21、选 A。疑问词 how 加不定式，可作介词的宾语。 22、选 B。用现在分词作伴随状语。A 项是不定式，可以做目的状语，但目的状语 前不用逗号。C、D 项属语法错误。 23、选 D 24、选 D。make oneself done 是惯用法。在本句中的意思是：“使自己的声音被别人 听到。” 25、选 D。在 with 结构中，hands 与 tie 之间的关系是被动关系，故排除 B 项。tied 不仅表示被动，还表示动作已完成，故排除 A、C 项。 26、选 A。 27、选 A。make sb. do 这一句型变成被动语态时为：be made to do sth. 28、选 A。warn sb. not(never) to do sth.是惯用法。 29、选 C。forget to do sth. 是“忘记去做某事”。forget 与 remember 的用法类似。 30、选 C。imagine 后接动名词作宾语。Peter 是 sailing 的逻辑主语，也可写成 Peter's, 它们合起来称为动名词的复合结构。 31、答案选 B。would rather do sth. 是惯用法，变问句时,把 would 提前。 32、选 C。receive 与主句的主语 he 之间有逻辑上的主谓关系。故用现在分词，但主 句中的 again 又暗示考生， 分词的动作发生在主句谓语动词之前， 因此用现在分词的 完成式。 not 必须置于分词之前。 此句可理解为： As/Since he hadn't received a reply, he decided to write again. 33、选 D。考生如果掌握 catch sb. doing(发现某人正在做某事)这一短语，便可知 girl 与 catch 之间是被动关系， 因此用 catch 的过去分词形式作后置定语， 相当于 a girl who was caught stealing. 34、选 A。should love to=would like to,句子 Jim 与 take 之间是被动关系。 35、选 D。抓住原题中的 for a change 便知 why not +do 表示一种建议，而 try to do 是“尽力设法做某事，try doing 是“试着做”。 36、选 C。appreciate 需要动名词作宾语，your calling 是动名词的复合结构。 37、选 B。动名词作主语通常表示习惯性、泛指经常性、不具体的动作。而不定式 作主语则表示一次性、特指、未来、具体的动作。原题中的 a good form 又暗示考生， 这个动作是泛指的，经常性的。 38、选 A。“生气地”是用来说明说话时的表情，应放在被修饰词 said 的后面，选 A 或 C; “指着”这一动作的逻辑主语是 Mary， 应该用现在分词作伴随状语。 全句意思是： “你不会看吗？”玛丽指着布告生气地说。 39、选 D。opened 是过去分词作非限定性定语，与先行词 the computer cen-tre 之间 是被动关系，相当于 which was opened last year，意思是：“去年开业的”。 40、选 C。 41、选 C。what/how about +doing sth.是“做某事怎样”，而 the two of us 是动名词的逻
辑主语，它们合起来构成动名词的复合结构。 42、选 D。这是一个祈使句，意思是：“请把收音机的音量调小些。”原题中的破折 号相当于一个连接词 for,说明音量调小的原因。 43、选 C。现在分词作伴随状语。句子的意思是：“来访的部长对其双方会谈的结果 表示满意，并补充到在逗留期间感到很愉快。” 44、选 D。“课本”被“写出”，此空白应该用表示被动的非谓语动词作定语，可排除 A; to be written 表示即将发生，与题意不符；being written 强调正在进行时，与题意 不符；written 表示已完成的动作。全句的意思是：“把英语作为外语来教的第一批课 本，是在十六世纪出版的。” 45、选 D。 46、选 A。 47、选 C。prefer 后可接不定式，也可接动名词，接动词不定式时通常与 rather than 连用，表示否定。故该题的正确答案为 C。即正常语序是：He al-ways prefers to ride a bicycle rather than ride on a crowded bus.该句还可以这样来表达：He always prefers riding a bicycle to riding on a crowed bus.即 prefer 后接动名词时，常与介词 to 连用， 表示否定，意为：“喜欢做……而不喜欢做……。” 48、选 B。letting 是现在分词短语作介词 for 的宾语，且否定时，not 置于动名词之 前。 49、选 B。 50、选 C。 51、选 D。regret 后接不定式表示没有发生的动作；接动名词则表示后悔做过某事。 根据题意：“后悔提出了反对意见”，故答案选动名词的完成时。 52、选 A。 53、选 C。句中的主语 he 和 lose 之间为被动关系。所以应用过去分词短语作状语。 54、选 C。 55、 选 B。 would love to have done 表示“本想去做， 而没做”。 从下文“but I had to work extra hours to finish a report”可知事情没有做。 56、选 C。 57、选 C。 58、选 D。该题问句中的 feel like doing sth. 表示“愿意，打算”，like 为介词；答句 中 would rather 后面接的宾语从句中谓语动词要用一般过去时。该句的含义是“你愿 意步行去还是乘车？”“我想步行去， 但既然没有多少时间了， 我们就叫辆出租车吧。 ” 二、提高练习 1.______the house on fire, he dialed 119. A. To see B. Seeing C. Having seen D. Being seen 2. I fell down and broke three of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth . A. fix B. fixing C. fixed D. to fix 3. We're _________ to listen to her ________ voice. It's _________ to hear her sing. A. pleased; pleasing; pleasure B. pleased; pleasant; a pleasure C. pleasing; pleased; a pleasure D. pleasing; pleasant; pleasure 4. _____ a post office, I stopped _____ some stamps. A. Passed, buying B. Passing, to buy C. Having passed, buy D. Pass, to buy
5. _____ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all. A. Comparing B. To compare C. Compared D. Having compared 6. Here are some new computer programs _________ for home buildings. A. designing B. design C. designed D. to design 7. _____ a little money, Jimmy was able to buy his mother a lovely new lamp A. To save B. Saving C. Saved D. Having saved 8. The teacher came into the classroom _____ by his students. A. following B. to be following C. followed D. having followed 9. With the money ___ , he couldn't buy any ticket. A. to lose B. losing C. lost D. has lost 10. There was so much noise in the room that the speaker couldn't make himself _____. A. being heard B. hearing C. heard D. hear 11. The result of the test was rather _____ . A. disappointed B. disappointing C. being disappointed D. disappoint 12. I've never heard the word _____ in spoken English. A. use B. used C. using D. useing 13. ____ how to do the homework, I went to ask my teacher for help. A. Not to know B. Not knowing C. Knowing not D. Not known 14. Deeply _____ , I thanked her again and again. A. being moving B. moved C. moving D. to be moved 15. With winter ____ on, it's time to buy warm clothes. A. came B. comes C. come D. coming 16. ____ the office, the foreign visitors were shown round the teaching building. A. Having shown B. Showing C. Has shown D. Having been shown 17. He went from door to door, ____ waste papers and magazines. A. gathering B. gathered C. gather D. being gathered 18. The student corrected his paper carefully, ____ the professor's suggestions. A. follow B. following C. followed D. being followed 19. The ____ price will save you one dollar for each dozen. A. reduce B. reducing C. reduced D. reduces 20. People ____ in the city do not know the pleasure of country life. A. live B. to live C. lived D. living 21. The foreigner tried his best, but he still couldn't make his point ____ . A. understand B. understanding C. to understand D. understood
22. The scientists were waiting to see the problem ____ . A. settle B. settled C. to settle D. settling 23. The library's study room is full of students ____ for the exam. A. busily prepared B. busy preparing C. busyly prepare D. are busily preparing 24. The ground is____ with ____ leaves. A. covering, falling B. covered, falling C. covered, fallen D. covering, fallen 25. Lessons ____ easily were soon forgotten. A. to learn B. learn C. learned D. learning 26. The wallet ____ several days ago was found____ in the dustbin outside the building. A. stolen, hidden B. stealing, hiding C. stealing, hidden D. stolen, hiding 27. A person ____ a foreign language must be able to use the foreign language ____ all about his own. A. to learn, to forget B. learning, to forget C. to learn, forgetting D. learning, forgetting 28. ____ different kinds of pianos, the workers farther improved their quality A. To produce B. Being produced C. Produced D. Having produced 29. The students in the university are all taking courses____ a degree. A. coming to B. going to C. leading to D. turning to 30. Many things i____ mpossible in the past are very common today. A. consider B. considering C. considered D. be considered 31. ____ many times, he still couldn't understand. A. Having been told B. Having told C. He having been told D. Telling 32. The old sick lady entered the hospital, ____ her two sons. A. to support B. supporting C. supported by D. having supported 33. China is one of the largest countries in the world, ____ 9.6 million square (平方) kilometres. A. to cover B. covered C. covers D. covering 34. "We must keep a secret of the things ____ here", the general said, ____ at the man in charge of the information office. A. discussed, stared seriously B. being discussed, seriously staring C. to be discussed, seriously stared D. discussed, stared 35. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, t____ hat he had
enjoyed his stay here. A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added 36. "Can you read?" Mary said ____ to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. and angrily pointing 37. ____ the composition, John handed it to the teacher and went out of the room A. Writing B. Having written C. Written D. Being written 38. Were you ____ when you saw that wild animal? A. fright B. frightening C. frightened D. frighten 39. Properly ____ with numbers, the books can be easily found. A. marked B. mark C. to mark D. marking 40. The child sat in the dentist's chair ____ . A. tremble B. trembling C. trembled D. to trembled 41. At this moment the bell rang ____ the end of class. A. announce B. announcing C. announced D. to announce 42. He walked down the hills, ____ softly to himself. A. sing B. singing C. sung D. to sing 43. I had to shout to make myself ____ above the noise. A. heared B. hearing C. heard D. to hear 44. The graduating students are busy ____ material for their reports. A. collect B. to collect C. collected D. collecting 45. The cars ____ in Beijing are as good as those ____ in Shanghai. A. produce, produce B. produced, produced C. produced, producing D. producing, producing 46. When I came in, I saw Dr. Li ____ a patient. A. examine B. examining C. to examine D. examined 47. ____ a satisfactory operation, the patient recovered from illness very quickly. A. Having been given B. Having given C. Giving D. Being given 48 . ____ a satisfactory operation, the doctor believed the patient would recover from his illness very soon. A. Having been given B. Having given C. Giving D. Being given 49. He wrote a letter to me ____ that his trip to Japan had been put off because of the bad weather A. inform B. informing C. informed D. being
informed 50. He reads newspapers every day to keep himself ____ about what's going on in the world. A. inform B. informing C. informed D. being informed Keys:1~20: BCBBC CDCCC BBBBD DABCD 21~40: DBBCC ADDCC ACDBC ABCAB 41~50: BBCDB BABBC