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基础单词分类表


初中英语重要句型总结
第一组: 1. It’s bad for + 名词\动词 ing...... 对?有害 2. It’s good for+名词\动词 ing...... 对?有益 3. be late for+名词\动词 ing...... 做?迟到 4. What’s wrong with sb.… 某人怎么了 What’s the matter with sb

.... What’s the trouble with sb.... 5.be afraid of +名词\动词 ing… 害怕 be afraid to do sth. 6. neither…nor…. 既不?也不 7. either….or…. 要么…要么…, 或者…或者… 8. both…and… “?和…俩个都” +复数 9. not…at all 一点也不 第二组:主语+谓语+宾语 1. help sb. do(with) sth. 帮某人做 2. had better do sth. 最好做 3. want (sb.) to do sth. 想要(某人)做某事 4. would like to do sth. 想要做某事 5. stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事 stop doing sth. 停下正做的事 6. decide to do sth. 决定去做 7. hope to do sth. 希望去做 8. do one’s best to do sth. 尽某人最大努力去做 9. agree to do sth. 同意去做 10. enjoy\like doing sth. 喜欢做 11. keep (on) doing sth. 保持做 12. finish doing sth. 做完 13. go on doing sth. 一直做 14. be busy doing sth. 忙于做 15. feel like doing sth. 想要做 16. practise doing sth. 练习做 17. spend time/ money on sth 花时间或金钱在某方面 18. spend time (in) doing sth. 花时间或金钱做 19. prevent/ stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做 第三组:主语+及物动词+间接宾语(人)+直接宾语(物) 1. give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物 2. show sb. sth.= show sth. to sb. 把某物给某人看 3. bring sb. sth.= bring sth. to sb. 带来某物给某人 4. buy sb. sth.=buy sth for sb. 为某人买某物 5. lend sb. sth=lend sth to sb. 把某物借给某人 第四组:主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 1. tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不)做某事

2. ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要某人(不)做某事 3. would like sb. to do sth. 想要某人去做 4. let sb. (not) do sth. 让某人(不)做 5. make sb. (not) do sth. 使某人(不)做 6. have sth. done 让\使某人做 7. see/ hear/ watch sb. do sth. 看见\ 听见\ 观察到某人做了 8. see/ hear/ watch sb. doing sth. 看见\ 听见\ 观察到某人正做 第五组:It 作形式主语 1. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 某人花时间去做 2. It is + (important, necessary, difficult, possible, (im)polite…) for sb. to do sth. 某人来说做某事是重要\必要\困难\有可能\(不)礼貌的 第六组:复合句 时间状语从句: 1. not …..until+时间状语从句 直到?才 2. as soon as +时间状语从句 一?就 比较状语从句: 1. …as+形容词或副词原级+as…. 与?一样 2. …not as/ so+形容词或副词原级+as… 与?不一样 结果状语从句: …so +形容词或副词的原级+that 引导的结果状语从句, “如此?以致” 相关句型:…too+形容词或副词原级+to do sth. “太?而不能” 宾语从句: 1. I don’t think that… 我认为?不? 2. We hope/ make sure that… 我们希望\确信? 3. I wonder if… 我想知道是否? 让步状语从句: Though…, ? . “虽然?但是?” = Although…, ? . = ?,but?.



基础词汇分类表
一、性别及家庭成员 1.男孩 boy 2.女孩 girl 3.母亲 mother 4.父亲 father 5.父母亲 parents 6.祖母 grandmother 7.祖父 grandfather 8.祖父母亲 grandparents 9.叔叔 uncle 10.阿姨 aunt 11.姐妹 sister 12.兄\弟 brother 13.儿子 son 14.女儿 daughter 15.表兄弟姐妹 cousin 16.女士 lady 17.先生 Mr. 18 小姐 miss 二、动物 1. 动物 animal 2. 熊猫 panda 3. 狗 dog 4. 猫 cat 5. 熊 bear 6. 马 horse 7. 猴子 monkey 8. 猪 pig 9. 鸭子 duck 10. 兔子 rabbit 11. 老虎 tiger 12. 狮子 lion 13. 鸡 chick (en) 14. 老鼠 mouse\mice 15. 鱼 fish 16. 大象 elephant 三、数字 基数词 1. 1-10: zero, one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten 2. 11-19:eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen 3. 二十 twenty 4. 三十 thirty 5. 四十 forty 6. 五十 fifty 7. 六十 sixty 8. 七十 seventy 9. 八十 eighty 10. 九十 ninety 11. 一百 hundred 12. 一千 thousand 13. 一百万 million 14. 二十一 twenty-one 15. 一百三十二 one hundred and thirty-two 序数词( the + ) 第一 first 第二 second 第三 third 第四 fourth 第五 fifth 第六 sixth 第七 seventh 第八 eighth 第九 ninth 第十 tenth 第十一 eleventh 第十二 twelfth 第十三 thirteenth 第十四 fourteenth 第十五 fifteenth 第十六 sixteenth 第十七 seventeenth 第十八 eighteenth 第十九 nineteenth 第二十 twentieth 第三十 thirtieth 第四十 fortieth 第五十 fiftieth 第六十 sixtieth 第七十 seventieth 第八十 eightieth 第九十 ninetieth 第一百 one hundredth 第一千 one thousandth 第一百万 one millionth 第二十一 twenty-first 第一百二十三 one hundred and twenty-third 四、饮食类(及部分词语的复数) 早餐 breakfast 午饭 lunch 晚饭 dinner\supper 食物 food 饮料 drink 水果 fruit 蔬菜 vegetable 甜点 sweet 米饭 rice 肉 meat 面条 noodle 牛奶 milk 一餐饭 meal 茶 tea 巧克力 chocolate 蛋 egg 胡萝卜 carrot 面包 bread 土豆 potato 咖啡 coffee 蛋糕 cake 糖 sugar 盐 salt 西红柿 tomato 卷心菜 cabbage 牛肉 beef 热狗 hot dog 苹果 apple 草莓 strawberry 梨 pear 香蕉 banana 桔子 orange 柠檬 lemon 汉堡包 hamburger 冰淇淋 ice cream 果汁 juice 薯条 French fries 三明治 sandwich 五、衣服(及部分词语的复数) T—恤 T-shirt 衫衬 shirt 短裙 skirt 袜子 sock(s) 夹克 jacket 牛仔裤 jeans 毛衣 sweater 围巾 scarf 大衣 coat 帽子 hat 连衣裙 dress 领带 tie 短裤 shorts 衣服 clothes 鞋子 shoe(s)

六、时间 日期 点钟 o’clock 钟 clock 手表 watch 日子,白天 daytime 傍晚 evening 晚上 night 上午 morning (am.) 下午 afternoon (pm.) 正午 noon 季节 season 春天 spring 夏天 summer 秋天 autumn (fall) 冬天 winter 周,星期 week 星期天 Sunday 星期一 Monday 星期二 Tuesday 星期三 Wednesday 星期四 Thursday 星期五 Friday 星期六 Saturday 周末 weekend 工作日 weekday 年 year 小时 hour 月,月份 month 一月 January 二月 February 三月 March

四月 April 五月 May 六月 June 七月 July 八月 August 九月 September 十月 October 十一月 November 十二月 December 七、颜色 颜色 color 白色/白色的 white 黑色/黑色的 black 绿色/绿色的 green 黄色/黄色的 yellow 红色/红色的 red 桔黄色的 orange 蓝色/蓝色的 blue 棕色的 brown 八、交通工具 乘坐公共汽车 take a bus\ by bus 乘坐小汽车 take a car\ by car 乘坐火车 take a train\ by train 骑自行车 ride a bike\ by bike 乘坐飞机 take a plane\ by plane\by air 走路 walk\ go on foot 乘坐轮船 take a ship\ by ship 乘坐出租车 take a taxi\ by taxi 散步 take a walk 乘坐地铁 take a subway\ by subway 九、学科 学科、科目 subject 中文 Chinese 英语 English 数学 math 历史 history 科学 science 体育 PE. 艺术 art 音乐 music 生物 biology 地理 geography 物理 physics 化学 chemistry 十、职业 工作 job 医生 doctor 司机 driver 歌手 singer 农民 farmer 护士 nurse 教师 teacher 演员 actor\actress 工人 worker 服务员 waiter\waitress 牙医 dentist 学生 student 清洁工 cleaner 舞蹈家 dancer 跑步运动员 runner 记者 reporter 警察 policeman 银行职员 bank clerk 画家 artist 飞行员 pilot 理发师 barber 科学家 scientist 厨师 cook 宇航员 astronaut 售货员 shop assistant 小偷 thief 十一、天气 天气 weather 太阳 sun 阳光充足的 sunny 云 cloud 多云的 cloudy 风 wind 有风的 windy 雨 rain 下雨的 rainy 雪 snow 下雪的 snowy 冷的 cold 凉爽的 cool 温暖的 warm 热的 hot 潮湿的 humid 干燥的 dry 十二、身体部位 身体 body 头 head 头发 hair 眼睛 eye 耳朵 ear 胃 stomach 脚 foot(feet) 鼻子 nose 脸 face 嘴 mouth 手 hand 手臂 arm 牙齿 tooth (teeth) 腿 leg 十三、国家城市语言 国家 country 城市 city 中国 China 美国 America \ USA\U.S. 法国 France 日本 Japan 英国 England 加拿大 Canada 澳大利亚 Australia 巴黎 Paris 香港 Hong Kong 伦敦 London 纽约 New York 东京 Tokyo 悉尼 Sydney 中国人、汉语 Chinese 英国人 the British \ the English \ Englishman or Englishwoman 加拿大人 Canadian 美国人 American 日本人、日语 Japanese 英语 English 法国人、法语 French 澳大利亚人 Australian 学校 school 教室 classroom 家庭作业 homework 尺子 ruler 铅笔 pencil 文具盒 pencil-case 卷笔刀 pencil sharpener 橡皮檫 eraser 钢笔 pen 课桌 desk 椅子 chair 黑板 blackboard 课程 course 俱乐部 club 操场 playground 学校旅行 a school trip 演讲比赛 a speech contest 篮球 basketball 足球 football \ soccer 网球 tennis 乒乓球 table tennis \ ping-pong 排球 volleyball 字典 dictionary 十四、地点、房间及物品 地点 place 学校 school 公园 park 动物园 zoo 图书馆 library 邮局 post office 银行 bank 书店 bookstore 超市 supermarket 办公室 office 汽车站 bus stop\station 火车站 train station 博物馆 museum 医院 hospital 花园 garden 农场 farm 电影院 cinema 饭店 restaurant 宾馆 hotel 机场 airport 图片 picture 电脑 computer 书架 shelf 房屋 house 房间 room 卧室 bedroom 教室 classroom

床 bed 灯 light 沙发 sofa 椅 chair 桌子 table(desk) 杯子 cup 电视 TV 墙 wall 门 door 窗户 window 地板 floor

碗 bowl

十五、疾病 生病的 ill 感冒 have a cold 咳嗽 have a cough 发烧 have a fever 牙痛 toothache 头痛 headache 喉咙痛 have a sore throat 胃疼 stomachache 十六、代词 我(主格)I 我(宾格)me 我的: my + 形+名 = mine 你,你们(主格)you 你,你们(宾格)you 你的,你们的 your +名词 他(主格)he 他(宾格)him 他的 his + 名词=his 她(主格)she 她(宾格)her 她的 her + 名词=hers 我们(主格)we 我们(宾格)us 我们的 our + 名词=ours 他(她,它)们(主格)they 他(她,它)们(宾格)them 他(她,它)们的 their+名词=theirs 它(主格)it 它(宾格)it 它的 its 这,这个 this 那,那个 that 这些 these 那些 those 十七、疑问词 什么 what 什么时间 when 星期几 what day 什么颜色 what color 哪一个 which 谁 who 为什么 why 什么时候 when 谁的 whose 哪里 where 怎样 how 几岁 how old 多少钱 how much 多少个+可数名词复数 how many 多少+不可数名词 how much 多久一次 how often 多远 how far 多快 how soon 十八、形容词及部分反义词 大的/小的 big\small 长的/短的 long\short 冷的/热的 cold\hot 瘦的/胖的 thin\fat 重的/轻的 heavy\light 高兴的/悲伤 happy\sad 许多/一些/一点儿 many(much)\some\a little 干净的/脏的 clean\dirty 好的/坏的 good\bad 湿的/干的 wet\dry 新的/旧的 new\old 年长的/年青的 old\young 高的/矮的 tall\short 向下/向上 down\up 慢 的 / 快 地 / 快 的 slow\quickly\fast 厚的/薄的 thick\thin 空的/满的 empty\full 软的/硬的 soft\hard 前面/后面 front\back 便宜的/昂贵的/贵的 cheap\expensive\dear 穷的/富的 poor\rich 同样的/不同的 same\different 愚蠢的/聪明的 foolish\clever 精彩的 wonderful 漂亮的,美丽的 beautiful 好的 good 坏的 bad 好的,漂亮的 nice 受欢迎的 popular 可爱的 lovely 有趣的,滑稽的 funny 了不起的 great 吓人的 scary 有意思的 interesting 累的 tired 无聊的 boring 令人激动的 exciting 奇怪的 strange 糟糕的 bad 严肃的 serious 严厉的 strict 十九、其它名词 大海 sea 江,河 river 小山 hill 树 tree 草 grass 花 flower 天空 sky 星星 star 月亮 moon 太阳 sun 街道 street 公路 road 卡片 card 收音机 radio 故事 story 电话 telephone 船 ship 玩具 toy 左边右(边) ,正确的 right 聚会 party 电话号码 telephone number 植物 plant 运动 sport 单词 word 前面 front 假期,假日 holiday 世界 world 钥匙 key 信件,字母 letter 地图 map 名字,姓名 name 盒、箱(子)box 瓶 bottle 纸 paper 十九、动词 能 can 可能 may 将要 will 想要 want 开始 begin\start 打扰,原谅 excuse ( me) 找到,发现 find 飞 fly 看见 see 观看,注视 watch 听见 hear 朗读,阅读 read 写 write 跑 run 跳 jump 游泳 swim 祝愿,希望 wish \ hope 买 buy 卖 sell 喝 drink 拿走,带走 take 享受 enjoy 拿来,带来 bring 打扫,清除 clean 跳舞 dance 唱(歌)sing 画 draw \ paint 来 come 去 go 给 give 憎恨 hate 玩,打,踢 play 看 look 听 listen 喜欢 like 介意 mind 打开 open 关 close 洗 wash 停,停止 stop 大笑 laugh 使用 use 等,等候 wait 问 ask 回答 answer 生长 grow 到达 reach 驾驶 drive 制作,使 make 放 put 骑 ride 坐 sit 站 stand 说,讲 say\speak 告诉 tell 想 think 跌落 fall 吃 eat 生活,居住 live 学习,研究 study 参观,拜访 visit

担心 worry 帮助 help

喜爱 love

经过,穿过 through 哭 cry

二十、短语 回家 go home 去上学 go to school 去游泳 go swimming 去钓鱼 go fishing 打篮球 play basketball 踢足球 play soccer 做游戏 play games 弹吉它 play the guitar 弹钢琴 play the piano 看书,读书 read a book 写信 write a letter 看电视 watch TV 做家庭作业 do one’s homework 打扫 clean up 去睡觉 go to sleep\go to bed 进来 come in 赶快;加油 come on 用英语 in English 交朋友 make friends 吃早饭 have breakfast 吃午饭 have lunch 吃晚饭 have dinner 过得高兴 have a good time 在早上 in the morning 在下午 in the afternoon 在晚上 in the evening 在夜间 at night 从……学习 learn from 看看 have a look \look at 寻找 look for 照顾 look after\take care of 起床 get up 来自 come\be from 看起来像 look like 放学后 after school 去看电影 go to movies 去看病 see a doctor 脱下(衣服,鞋……) ; (飞机)起飞 take off 打开(电视……)turn on 关上(电视……)turn off 调大(音量)turn up 调小(音量)turn down 掉下,下降 drop down 穿上 put on 最好……had better 查找;向上看 look up 吃药 take the medicine 向某人问好 say hello to 每天 every day 到家 get home 照相 take photos 向右转 turn right 快点 hurry up 等公共汽车 wait for a bus 对……有害处 be bad for …怎么啦?What’s wrong with ?? 到达 arrive in\at, get to 担心 worry about 帮助某人做某事 help sb. with\ do sth. 借进 borrow ?from 借出 lend ?to

Part 2 中考常用不规则动词的过去式和过去分词
动词 原形 ask am/is are begin buy catch come cost cut do drink eat feel find forget get give go have lend lose 过去式 asked was were began bought caught came cost cut did drank ate felt found forgot got gave went had lent lost 过去分词 asked been been begun bought caught come cost cut done drunk eaten felt found forgotten gotten given gone had lent lost 中文意 思 问 是 是 开始 买 捉, 抓, 赶 来 价值 砍,切 做 喝 吃 感觉 发现 忘记 得 到 \ 买 给 去 有,吃 借出 失去 动 词 原 形 make meet pay put read run say see sell sing speak spend stand wake swim take teach tell think write stop 过去式 made met paid put read ran said saw sold sang spoke spent stood woke swam took taught told thought wrote stopped 过去分 词 made met paid put read run said seen sold sung spoken spent stood woken swum taken taught told thought written stopped 中 文 意 思 做,制作 遇见,见 面 付款 放 读 跑 说 看见 卖 唱 说(语言) 度过,花 站 醒 游泳 拿走\开 教 告诉,讲 想,思考 写 停

一 My Family(家庭) My name is Li Hua. There are four people in my family. They are my father, my mother, my sister and I. My father is a worker in a factory. My mother is a teacher. She teaches English in a middle school. She loves reading. My sister, five years older than I, is a doctor in a hospital of our city. She loves her work and does it well. I am a middle school student. That is my family. All of us in my family live happily. I love my family. 二 I like sports(运动) Sports are important in our daily life. I am interested in sports. I think doing sports is good for our health, and it can make us relaxed. My favorite sports are running and playing basketball. I keep on running in the morning. After class I often go to play basketball, so I make many friends. Now I feel much better than before and I never feel tired when I am studying. And I also improve a lot in my lessons. I love sports. I do sports every day. 三 My Hobbies(爱好) I have many hobbies. I like singing and playing basketball best. They are interesting and relaxing. I started to sing and play basketball when I was 5 years old. I have music lessons every Sunday, and I play basketball with my friends every day. These sports make me healthy. I hope I will be a singer when I grow up. So I practice singing every day. 四 My Country Life(乡村生活)

I live in a small village. There is a river near it. Lots of trees and flowers are around my house. I can see a lot of animals and birds. The air here is cleaner. There are fewer cars. There is less noise.I often read near the river. When the moon is bright in the sky in the evening, my family play games and tell stories. I like living in the countryside.



Save the Earth \ Make our world more beautiful !\ Protect our Environment(拯救地球\使世界更美\保护环境)

It’s our duty to protect the environment. Good environment can make people feel happy. We should keep our neighborhood clean and tidy . We can collect waste paper or other waste things for recycling. We shouldn’t leave rubbish everywhere and spit in public places. We mustn’t pick the flowers or step on the grass in public. And animals and plants are our best friends, so we must protect forests because they are animals’ home. We must plant more trees and grass. If everyone tries his best to protect the environment , the world will become more beautiful and our life will be better and better. Let’s be a volunteer to protect the environment. 六 My Dream(梦想)\I want to be an inventor(成为发明家)

Everyone has his own dream. Now I want to say something about my dream. My dream is to be an inventor. I want to invent some new things for the

world. Inventions can bring fun and happiness and make our daily life better and better. Now I am a high school student. I will try my best to work hard at my lessons to make my dream come true. 七 My best Friend(朋友) My best friend is Tom. He is 15 years old. We are both in the same class. He works very hard. He is never late for school and he does well in all his lessons. He is always ready to help others. My math is very poor, so he often helps me with my math after class, he also often helps do the housework at home. He is a little short but he is very strong. He likes playing football very much. He gets on well with everyone. Everyone likes him . 八 My Hometown \ My City(故乡\城市)

Welcome to my hometown! Zhuzhou is my hometown. Zhuzhou City is a modern and busy city. It has a long history. There are many big supermarkets, delicious restaurants and good factories here. There are many good places to visit. There are a few parks and a few malls. You can see green hills, big trees and nice flowers. My hometown is very beautiful. I love my hometown. I hope you can come and visit soon.

九 My House \ My Flat(房子) I have a new house. It's very beautiful and clean. There are three bedrooms, a study, a kitchen, a bathroom and a big living room. There is a computer and a shelf in the study. In the living room, there is a TV and a sofa. My family often play cards and watch TV in the living room. In my bedroom, there is a bed, a desk and a chair. l do my homework in it every day. This is my house. l love it very much. 十 My Motherland(祖国) China, my motherland, is really a great country. It stands in Asia. It covers 9,600,000 square kilometers. There are 1.3 billion people. It has a long history of 5000 years. I love my motherland ! Because my country has so many places of interest. There are the Great Wall, the Summer Palace and Tiananmen. The Chinese people are great. Our country is becoming stronger and stronger.

十一 Myself(自我介绍)-- 写人 Hello! My name is Tom. I’m 14 years old and I'm a happy girl. I live in Zhuzhou. I’m tall and thin. I’m a student. I work hard.I can speak Chinese and a little English. I like singing, playing the piano and learning English. My favorite subject is music, it’s fun! I like action movies. I like eggs and apples, I like sports. I’m outgoing and friendly.


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