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外研社必修二module2LanguagePoints


Module 2

No Drugs

I’m 19 years old and I used to be a drug addict.

? addict vt. 使 ... 耽溺,使 ... 上瘾 n. 耽溺者,上瘾者 He was addicted to cocaine.
There are no l

engths to which an addict will not go to obtain his drug. They are rock music addicts.

addict to 耽溺于 ... ,热爱 ... He is addicted to alcohol. I am much addicted to the works of Dickens.

Cocaine is powerfully addictive drug. ? powerful adj. 强有力的,强大的, 有权的 Russia used to be a very powerful country. This defeat was a powerful blow to the enemy. power n. 力量, 力, 能力, 权力

?addictive

adj. 使人上瘾的
He is addictive to computer games all day. Heroin is a powerful addictive drug.

完成句子 ① I find jogging very ____________. addictive 我觉得慢跑锻炼很使人着迷。 ② The children ____________ to computer are addicted games. 孩子们对计算机游戏上了瘾。

③The parents felt helpless when they found their son had ______ computer games for D long. A. addicted B. addicted to C. addicted himself D. been addicted to 【解析】 句意:当父母发现他们的儿子久久 地沉溺于电脑游戏时,他们感到很无助。

? Users who inject the drug are also in more danger if they share needles with other users. in danger 在危险中 You are in danger of catching a cold if you don't take any medicine. It portends we are in danger.

in + 名词表示状态的短语还有:
in bed 卧床 in love 恋爱

in flower 开花
in trouble 有麻烦

in debt 负债
in silence 沉默

in anger
in tears 眼泪汪汪

in surprise
in a hurry

danger n. 危险;风险;危险(人)物;危害

in danger 处于危险中 be in danger of 有……的危险 out of danger 脱险 run the danger of 冒……的危险 A busy street is a danger to children. 交通流量大的街道对小孩子很危险。

知识拓展

dangerous adj. 危险的 dangerously adv. 危险地 endanger vt. 危及;危害;使遭到危险
You'll endanger your health if you work too hard. 工作太过辛苦有损你的健康。

完成句子

①She fell into a river and was ____________. in danger 她跌入河中,处于危险之中。 ②The boy has been ____________. out of danger 这男孩已经脱险。

③The operation is ______ success and the patient is now out of ______ danger. A. a; the B. a; / B C. /; the D. /; / 【解析】 success 在此指“成功的事”,为可 数名词。out of danger 脱离危险,为习惯用语, 不用冠词。

? I was in terrible pain. in pain 疼痛,在苦恼中 The injured soldiers called out in pain. Although in pain, she bravely blinked back her tears.

? The next day, I broke into a house and stole a television and a video recorder.

break into 闯入
His house was broken into by burglars last week. The thieves planned to break into a bank.

知识拓展

break down 分解;(机器)出故障,不运 转;(身体)垮掉;(谈判)破裂 break away from 脱离,摆脱…… break in 插话;破门进入 break through 突围,突破

break out 爆发,突然发生 break out of 摆脱(束缚等) break up 停止;散开;分解;衰弱; (精神)崩溃 break up into 分解成; 分割成

完成句子 ①We had to break into the houseas we had ________________ lost the key. 因为我们弄丢了钥匙,所以不得不破门而入。 ②When I told him the story, he ____________ a laugh. 当我把这件事告诉他时,他突然大笑起来。 broke into

完成句子

③ If a parent dies, a family may break up ____________. 如果父母中有一人去世,这个家庭可能就解 散了。 are ④ The elevators in this building ________ always ______________. breaking down 这幢楼里的电梯总出故障。

完成句子
⑤ The May Fourth Movement against B imperialism and feudalism ______ in Beijing in 1919. A. broke down B. broke out C. broke into D. broke up 【解析】本题考查动词词组的意义。break down 破坏;发生故障; break out 发生;爆 发; break into 闯入;突然开始; break up 破碎;解散。

… so I took his advice and stopped immediately. take one's advice 听从某人的意见
If you take my advice and study hard, you'll pass the examination. 知识拓展 advise v. 建议 advise doing sth. 建议做…… advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做…… advise. that sb. / sth. (should) do 建议

He gave me ______ valuable ______. A. many; advices B. a number of; advice C C. a lot of; advice D. a few; advice

【解析】 advice表“建议”时是不可数名词; 它的修饰语在本题中只能选a lot of。

? illegal adj. 不合法的,非法的 In our country it's illegal to carry guns.

He admitted that he was an illegal immigrant.
legal adj. 合法的,法定的

?Do all drug users attend treatment centres?

? treatment n. 治疗,对待
I tried every treatment the doctor suggested. His treatment of her was beyond endurance. treat v. 对待, 治疗

Drug users are more likely to … likely ① adj. 有可能的;可能发生的;适当的;正合 要求的 Can you tell me the likely result? 你能告诉我可能的结果吗? ② adv. 通常与very, most, quite连用,very / most / quite likely 很可能 Most likely he will lose his way. 很可能他会迷路。

词语辨析 likely, probable, possible 都含“可能的”意思。 likely从表面迹象来看很有可能,比probable的 可能性要小,比possible要大,十有五六的可 能。一般可以用人作主语,常用结构有: sb. / sth. be likely to do sth. It is likely that …

possible表示客观上潜在的可能性,也许实 际发生的可能性并不大,十有二三的可能; 一般不用人作主语,常有结构有: It is possible (for sb.) to do sth. It is possible that … It is possible for us to get from Beijing to Tianjin in less than an hour. 我们有可能不到1小时就可从北京到达天津。

probable用来指有根据、合情理、值得相信的 事物,十有八九的可能,常译为“很可能的, 大概的”,常用结构有: sth. be probable It is probable that …

It is possible that it will rain, but with such a blue sky it doesn't seem probable.

People are encouraged to speak openly, but careless remarks are ______ to hurt others' B feelings. A. possible B. likely C. probable D. surely

【解析】句意:鼓励人们公开自由谈话,但 是欠考虑的话语可能会伤及他人的感情。be likely to 可能会,指预料中的可能; possible 指是否可能要依情况而定;probable指经过推 测的可能性,不能用be probable to do sth.。

Read the expression you can use when you agree or disagree with someone. disagree vi. 意见不合;有分歧 (+with / on); 争论,争执(+on / about); (食物、天气等) 不适宜,有害(+with) We disagreed on which movie to see. The two neighbors disagreed bitterly about their boundary line.

知识拓展

① agree vt. & vi. 同意,赞同;相同,相符, 一致;(气候、食物等)适宜 agree with sb. 同意某人的观点 agree on sth. 同意某事 agree with sb. on sth. 在某事上同意某人的观 点 agree about 在某事上有同样看法

② agreement n. 协调一致,同意;合同,契 约;相容 in agreement with 与……一致 in disagreement with 与……不一致

完成句子

①The hot climate ____________ me. disagrees with 这炎热的气候不适合我。 ②We arein agreement with ______________ their decision. 我们同意他们的决定。

词义辨析:disagree, differ, object
这些动词均含有“不同意,反对”之意。

disagree: 指彼此间意见或看法不同,任何 言行上的不合。
differ: 可替换disagree,但语气较温和,是 disagree的委婉说法。 object: 语气强烈,侧重对某一具体计划、 行为或作法等表示反对。常跟to连用。

I think smoking should be banned in people’s homes as well. ? ban v. 禁止 The government has banned the use of chemical weapons. In this country , smoking is banned in public places.

ban sb. from sth./ from doing sth. 明令禁止某人做某事 The government has banned the use of chemical weapons. 政府已经禁止使用化学武器。 There is a ban on smoking in hospital. 医院里禁止吸烟。

词语辨析

ban, forbid, prohibit

ban 用于ban sb. from (doing) sth.结构,表示 官方正式地禁止危险的、危害公众的事物。 Ban atomic and nuclear weapons! 禁止原子武器和核武器!

forbid用于forbid sb.(from) doing sth. 或 forbid sb. to do sth. 结构,表示清楚地、态 度强硬地直接禁止某人做某事、命令某人不 许做某事。 The doctor forbids him to smoke. 医生禁止他吸烟。

prohibit用于prohibit sb. from doing sth.,表 示以法律、法规、制度的形式禁止某事的发 生和存在,违反禁令就要负法律责任。

The soldiers were prohibited from leaving camp after dark. 天黑后士兵不准离开营房。

单项填空 Shops in China ______ from handing out D free plastic bags from June 1st 2009 and shoppers have to pay if they want a bag. A. will ban B. have banned C. will be banned D. have been banned

【解析】本题考查时态和语态。句中and前 后时态相同,所以A、C错误。主语shops和 谓语动词ban是被动关系,所以用被动语态, D项正确。

Participants learn to recognise smoking Triggers … participant n. 参加者,参与者 She is an active participant in this activity. 知识拓展
participation n. 分享,参与 participate v. 分 享 , 分 担 ; 参 加 , 参 与 participate with sb. in sth. 与某人分担…… participate in 参加…… participate in sth. with sb. 同某人参与某事

词语辨析 attend, join, join in, participate, take part in 均含“参加,加入”之意。 attend 侧重参加或出席会议或学术活动。 join 通用词,指加入党派,团体或游戏活动 等。 join in指参与正在进行的活动。 participate 正式用语,特指参加团体活动,暗 示以一个积极的角色参加。常和in连用。 take part in 侧重参加某项群众性,集体性的 事业、工作或活动,突出参加者在其中发挥一 定的作用。

? recognize

vt. 认出,认可,承认
The policeman recognized her as a pickpocket. Can you recognize her from this picture?

His thorough knowledge and competence were recognized.

If you drink water, you reduce the need to have something in your mouth. ? reduce v. 减少,缩小

He won't reduce the rent of our house.
He is trying to reduce the family's expenses. reduce sb. to tears 使某人流泪

reduce to和reduce by的意义不同。

reduce to表示“减少到…”,而reduce by 表示“减少了…”,表程度。 B Thai is the only way we can imagine _____ the overuse of water in students' bathrooms.
A. reducing C. reduced B. to reduce D. reduce

完成句子
recognized ①Xu Zhimo is ____________ to be one of the greatest poets in the 20th century. 徐志摩被公认为是20世纪最伟大的诗人之 一。 known ②I have ____________ him since I was a little girl. 我还是个小女孩的时候就认识他了。 realize ③At first I didn't ____________ I had succeeded. 一开始我没有意识到我成功了。

④— Hello, Jack, how are you? B — Oh, Jane. I ______ you at first. A. don't recognise B. didn't recognise C. hadn't recognised D. haven't recognised 【解析】 “没认出是你”是说此话之前的 事,用过去式。


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