--Saint Patrick's Day
(17th,March) Grace： 罗慧婷 赵婉婷 胡轶 何晓玮
Saint Patrick's Day is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated on 17 March. It commem
orates Saint Patrick (c. AD 387– 461), the most commonly recognised of the patron saints(守护神 )of Ireland, and the arrival of Christianity (基督教) in Ireland.
Saint Patrick was the patron saint（ 保护 神）and national apostle（信徒） of Ireland who is credited with bringing christianity to Ireland. Most of what is known about him comes from his two works, the Confessio（忏悔录）， a spiritual autobiography, and his Epistola （使徒书）, a denunciation （谴责）of British mistreatment of Irish christians. Saint Patrick described himself as a "most humble-minded（谦逊） man, pouring forth （传布力量）a continuous paean（赞美歌） of thanks to his Maker for having chosen him as the instrument whereby multitudes （群众）who had worshipped idols（ 圣像）and unclean things had become the people of God."
? Saint Patrick's Day has come to be associated with everything Irish:
anything green and gold, shamrocks (三叶草）and luck. Most importantly, to
those who celebrate its intended meaning, St. Patrick's Day is a traditional day for spiritual renewal(获得新生 )and offering prayers for missionaries(传教士） worldwide.
? A kind of oxalis (酢浆草)with three slices of heart-shaped leaves representing the Holy Trinity —— Heavenly Father, Christ child and Heavenly Ghost in religion(宗教上三位一 体 －天父、圣婴及圣灵的重要教 义 ). ? Therefore shamrocks (三叶 草)became the symbol of the Ireland. And finding the shamrock with four leaves is the symbol of good fortune.
? Leprechauns (小矮人) is the role of legend. They are shoemakers of faery(精灵) who are very short but move fast. And they like playing tricks on people. Like to tie people’s two shoelaces(鞋带) together, then they will fall down when standing up.
One theory is that it is the day when St. Patrick died. Since the holiday began in Ireland, it is believed that as the Irish spread out around the world, they took with them their history and celebrations. ? The biggest observance of all is, of course, in Ireland. With the exception of restaurants and pubs, almost all businesses close on March 17th. ? Being a religious holiday as well, many Irish attend mass, where March 17th is the traditional day for offering prayers for missionaries worldwide before the serious celebrating begins.
. Saint Patrick's Day is a public holiday in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Newfoundland（纽芬兰） and Labrador （拉布拉 多） and in Montserrat （蒙特色拉特岛） . It is also widely celebrated by the Irish diaspora（离散的犹太人）, especially in places such as Great Britain, Canada, the United States, Argentina, Australia, and New Zealand, among others. . Today, St. Patrick's Day is probably the most widely celebrated saint's day in the world.
? In Great Britain cities with a large Irish population, St. Patrick’s Day is a very big deal. ? Big cities and small towns alike celebrate with parades（游行）, “wearing of the green,”playing Irish music and singing Irish songs, Irish food and drink, and activities for kids such as crafts, coloring and games. ? Some communities even go so far as to dye rivers or streams green!
? Green is everywhere on St. Patrick’s Day. People wear green clothes, green shirts, green socks, green ties, or just a green flower or ribbon. Green coloring is added to cakes, cookies and even beer. ? Favorite foods on this day are corned beef and cabbage and Irish stew 墩菜 (lamb, onions, and potatoes cooked in tricked gravy肉汁)
? Eating colcannon
（boiled potatoes and cabbages mashed together with butter ）
People wear the Irish favourate color-----green
The words in dog are “KISS ME,I AM IRISH”
? The St. Patrick's Day custom came to America in 1737. ? It was in Boston where the Day was first celebrated in a public way.
? “When Irish Eyes Are Smiling”(爱尔兰 的微笑） ? “Seven Drunken Nights”(七个醉酒的 夜晚） ? “The Irish Rover”（流浪者） ? “Danny Boy”（丹尼少年） ? “The Fields of Athenry”（阿森莱田野） ? “Black Velvet Band”（黑色缎带）