高中英语句型大全 句型 1  so, neither/ nor 引导的倒装句 表示―另一者也如此‖，即前者的情况也适用于后者，用 so, neither/ nor 引导 的倒装句，助动词的选择依据前一句的谓语动词。 1). He has finished his homework, so have I. 2). My sister prefers coffee, so do
I. 3). John can’t ride a bicycle, neither/ nor can I. 4). If he buys the book, so will his classmates.  若前句的谓语动词既有肯定又有否定形式时，或谓语动词不属于一类时，或助动词难以选择时用 It is /was the same with sb. 或 So it is/ was with sb. 1). John likes English but he doesn’t like maths, so it is with me ( it is the same with me). 2).Tom is a student and he studies hard, it is the same with me (so it is with me). 3).------He was really manly enough to be responsible for what he had done. 他像个男子汉，敢于对自己的所作所为负 责。 ------So he was, and so it was with you. 他的确如此，你当时也一样。 [比较 1] “so + 主语 + 助动词” 表示“肯定已有的观点或事实” 1).------We have all worked hard these days. ------So we have.（的确如此） 2).I promised to help him, and so I did.（我确实帮助他了） [比较 2] “主语 + 助动词 + so” 表示“按照别人的要求去做” 1).The wounded little boy asked me to lift him up and I did so. 2).The doctor asked Charlie to breathe deeply and he did so. 句型 2 so/ such……..that…….引导结果状语从句时须注意  当名词前有 many, much, little, few 修饰时, 用 so 不用 such 因为此时的中心词不再是名词， 而是 many, much, little, few 这些表示数量的词。 1). The westerners eat so much fat and sugar that they put on weight easily. 2). There are so few fish in the lake that we couldn’t fish them easily.  当名词是单数可数名词，前面又有 adj.修饰时，注意冠词的位置，即 so+ adj +a(n)+n 或 such+ a(n) + adj.+ n 1). He is such an honest person / so honest a person that you can depend on him when you are in trouble.  当 so/such 引导的部分位于句首时，主句要用部分倒装结构 1). Such great progress has he made in his studies that we all admire him.  当主从句主语一致时可与动词不定式相互转换,即变成 so/such…….as to do 结构。 1).The westerners eat so much fat and sugar as to put on weight easily. 句型 3 so that 引导目的状语从句与结果状语从句  so that 引导目的状语从句时常与情态动词连用（= in order that） ，当主从句主语一致时可转换为 so as to do/ in order to do. 1). He turned up the radio a little so that he could hear the news clearly. He turned up the radio a little so as to hear the news clearly. 2). He closed all the windows while driving so that he shouldn’t catch cold.(否定句中情态动词用 shouldn’t)  so that 引导结果状语从句一般不与情态动词连用。 1). He turned up the radio a little so that he heard the news clearly. 句型 4 be doing / be about to do / had done… when…(when： “这时”, 强调一个动作的突然发生) 1). I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy cry for help. 2). I was about to leave when it began to rain. 3). I had just finished my test paper when the bell rang, announcing the exam was over.
[比较] I was walking along the street when I caught sight of a tailor’s shop. 我正在街上走，这时我看见一家裁缝店。 I was walking along the street. Just at the moment I caught sight of a tailor’s shop. 我在街上走。 就在那时我看见一家裁 缝店。 句型 5 it 作形式主语： It +系动词+adj./ n..+ for sb. to do sth. (for sb.表示动词不定式动作的执行者) It +系动词+adj.+ of sb. to do sth. （of sb.既表示动词不定式动作的执行者，又表示人所具备的性质或特征） 1). It’s important for us to have a good knowledge of English. 2). How rude of him to treat a child like that! 3). It’s thoughtful of him to fix us up for the night.(安顿某人过夜) 句型 6 it 作形式宾语： 主语+think / consider / believe / make / feel / find+ it +adj./n. +( for sb./ of sb.) +to do sth. / doing sth. / that 从句 1). I feel it foolish of him to believe such a man. 2). The timely rain had made it possible for the crops to grow well. 句型 7 ...as+形容词(副词)原级+as... ; not as/so+形容词(副词)原级+as... Their factory is as large as ours.他们的工厂和我们的一样大. I study as hard as you.我和你一样用功学习. He doesn't get up as/ so early as his parents.他不像他父母那样早起床. 句型 8 倍数表达法：  A + 谓语+倍数+the +n.(size/ height/ length……)+of B  A + 谓语+倍数+as + abj. + as B  A + 谓语+倍数+adj. 比较级+than B 或 A + 谓语+adj. 比较级+than B+by+倍数 1).This square is twice the size of that one. This square is twice as large as that one. This square is once larger than that one. 2).This factory produced three times as many cars as they did 10 years ago. 3).He is 3 years older than I 或 He is older than I by 3 years. 句型 9 as + 形容词 + a/an + 单数可数名词 + as; as + 形容词+复数名词 + as She is as good many records as possible. There is as much sugar in it as eight pieces of sugar.其中的含糖量相当于八块方糖. I have't got as much money as I thought. 句型 10 as much/ many as 多达……,……那么多 On Sports Day, during the relay race, you will use most of all, perhaps as much as 650 calories an hour.在运动会上,进行 接力赛跑时,你消耗的能量最多,可能每小时多达 650 卡. As many as 700 different languages are spoken in Africa.非洲有多达 700 种不同的语言. He didn't catch as many as he'd hoped.他没有捉住预想的那么多. 句型 11 as...as possible; as... as one can The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as he can._=The teacher should write the words on the blackboard as carefully as possible.老师在黑板上尽可能仔细地把字写好. Please be as friendly as possible to your friends.=Please be as friendly as you can.
句型 12 as...as + 年代数字 / 名词 As early as 1950 I knew him.早在 1950 年我就认识他了. He walked as far as the post office.他步行到邮局. 句型 13 as/so far as I know As/ So for as I know, he will be away from home for 3 months.就我所知,他将要离家 3 个月. 句型 14 as soon as—……就…… Please let us know as soon as you arrive in Bejing.一到北京,请通知我们一声. 句型 15 as well as 和;也;还有 He gave me money as well as advice.他除了给我忠告外,还给我钱. He studies French as well as English.他不但学习英语,而且学习法语. 比较：as well/ as well as as well 表示"也",是副词短语,用作状语,通常放在句末,也可放在主语之后,相当于 too,但一般无标点符号与句子隔 开 .as well as 通常看作一个复合并列连词 ,连接两个成分相同的词 , 短语或句子, 表示 "既 …… 又……,不但…… 而 且……"当它连接两个主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要与第一个主语保持一致.如: The children learn to read, write and they play games as well.孩子们学习读书写字,也做游戏. With television, we can see a picture as well as hear sound.既能听到声音,又能看到图像. Tom, as well as his parents, likes pop music.汤姆以及他的父母都喜欢流行音乐. 句型 16 as good as 作为固定词组意为"几乎一样","实际上等于",作为同级比较结构,意为"和……一样好".如: ①He is as good at English as me. ②My bike is as good as yours. 句型 17 as long as / so long as 只要 (1)引导条件状语从句，―只要;如果‖ You may borrow the book as / so long as you keep it clean. 只要你不把书弄脏,你就可以借. You will succeed so long as you work hard.只要你努力就会成功. As long as you study hard, you'll make great progress.只要你努力学习,你就会取得很大进步. You may use that dictionary as long as you take care of it.只要你好好保存,你可以用那本词典. (2)和……一样长 This rope is as long as that one.这条绳子和那条一样长. This bridge isn't so/as long as that one.这座桥和那座不一样长. (3)长达……(表时间) The old couple have been living in the small town as long as 50 years. 这对老夫妇已在这个小城镇里住了长达 50 年. 区别下列用法 1)as(so)far as 和……一样远,远至(原级比较或表示距离);就……来讲 2)as(so)long as 和……一样长(原级比较);只要(引导条件状语从句) 3)as well as 和……一样好;既……也……(连接并列成分) 4)as good as 和……一样好;事实上(作状语) [应用]完成句子 ①他们实际上已经答应帮助我们了. They have ________ _______ ______ promised to help us.(as good as) ②油漆后的这辆自行车和新的一样.
Painted, this bike is _______ _____ ______ a new one.(as good as) ③小李英语说得和汉语一样好. Xiao Li speaks English ______ ______ _____ she speaks Chinese.(as well as) ④他和他的父母对我都很好. He _______ ______ ______his parents is kind to me. (as well as) ⑤晚饭后我们一直到走山脚下. After supper we walked _______ ______ ______the foot of the hill. (as far as) ⑥就我所知,他将离开两个月. ______ ______ ______I know, he'll be away for two months. (As far as) ⑦只要努力,你一定会成功. ________ _________ ________you work hard, you'll succeed in time. (As/So long as) ⑧这座新建的桥据说和旧的一样长. This newly – built bridge is said to be _________ ________ _________the old one. (as long as)
句型 18 ...as it is 该固定词组表达意思是"就以(现在)这个样子,""根据现在的情况".如:He decided to buy the house as it is. 句型 19 as a matter of fact = in fact 事实上,实际上…… It seems easy,but as a matter of fact,it'll take us a long time to work it out. 句型 20 where…（地点从句） [注意]where 引导地点从句时，可以引导定语从句或是逻辑地点状语从句。当它在定语从句中作地点状语，指代地 点时， 这时可以用 in which, on which, at which, to which, from which 等结构代替。 但是它引导逻辑地点状语从句时， 没有这样用法。 You should put the book where it was. 把书放回原处。 Persistent people begin their success where others end in failure. 不屈不挠者从他人失败的地方获取成功。 Where there is a will, there is a way. 有志者，事竟成。 Where men are greedy, there is never peace. 人类贪欲不止，世界和平无望。 Go where you should, keep on studying. 无论你到哪里，你都应该继续学习。 That is the building where my father works. 那是我父亲工作的大楼。 Yesterday I went to the department store, where I met my teacher. That’s where a change is needed. 那就是需要变更的地方。 We could see the runners very well from where we stood. You should let your children play where you can see them. Potatoes can be grown in places where it is too cold to grow rice.=Potatoes can be grown in places in which it is too cold to grow rice.（本句 where 引导定语从句） [请比较下面的句子结构的不同] Potatoes can be grown where it is too cold to grow rice.（本句 where 引导地点状语从句） 句型 21 no 比较级 than: A 与 B 都不…… / 仅仅，只有 not 比较级 than: A 不如 B / 不超过，至多 more…… than…… 与其……倒不如……(= not as/ so……as……) more than = not only 不仅仅…… 1). He works no harder than I.他和我都不用功
2). He doesn’t work harder than I.他不如我用功 3). There are no more than seven people in the room. 屋里仅有七个人 4). There are not more than seven people in the room. 屋里至多有七个人 5). He is more diligent than clever. 与其说他聪明，倒不如说他勤奋 → He is not as/ so clever as diligent. 6)It is more like a meeting than like a party.→ It is not as a party as a meeting 7).Mr. Zhang is more than my teacher, he is also my best friend.张先生不仅仅是我的老师，他还是我的朋友 句型 22 The +比较级…….，the +比较级……..越……, 越…… 1) The more books you read, the more knowledge you will get. 2)The busier he is, the happier he feels. 句型 23 否定词与比较级连用，表达最高级的含义 1).I have never seen a better film. 2).I can’t agree you more. 我非常同意 句型 24 with 的复合结构（作状语或作定语）  with+ n. +n. (with 可以省略) 1). The workforce is made up of 400 workers, (with )most of them women.(=most of whom are women./ and most of them are women.)  with+ n. +adj. (with 可以省略) 1).(With) the street wet and slippery, we had to ride our bikes slowly and carefully. Because the street were wet and slippery, ………. 2). The students were listening to the teacher, (with)their eyes wide open. The students were listening to the teacher, and their eyes were wide open.  with+ n. +adv. (with 可以省略) 1). He put on his coat hurriedly, (with) the wrong side out  with+ n. +prep-phrase (with 可以省略) 1). The old man was seated in the sofa, (with) a pipe in his mouth.(Also: pipe in mouth)  with+ n.+ to do/ to be done （动词不定式的动作还未进行） with+ n.+ doing/ being done （动词不定式的动作正在进行） with+ n.+ done （动词不定式的动作已经完成或指 n. 所处的状态） 1). With so many problems to settle, the newly-elected president is having a hard year. 2). He was lying in bed, with his eyes fixed on the ceiling 3). With the temple being repaired, we can’t visited it. 句型 25 while 引导的从句 while 除了有“当/在??时候”的意思外（注意：引导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词！ ） ，另外的两层意思也 是考查的重点： （1）while = although “尽管” 、 “虽然” ，引导让步状语从句； （2）while 的意思是“然而；可是” ， 常用来表达对比关系。 While I admit that the problem is difficult, I don’t think that they can’t be solved. While I was angry with her, I didn’t lose my temper. 虽然我很生气，但我当时没有对她发脾气。 I earn only 120 dollars a week, while she earns 180 dollars. while/ but ：while 侧重两者之间的对比，but 多指一件事的两个对立面。 1). He likes listening to music while I like watching TV. 2). I badly wanted that book, but I haven’t enough money. 句型 26 as; which 引导定语从句异同
as, which 都能引导限制性或非限制性的定语从句. (1)在引导限制性定语从句时; ①which 从句修饰的先行词是名词(词组),which 可与 that 换用,作宾语时可省去.如: Then grow some tomatoes in one box which has plant food in the soil and some in another box which doesn't. But the studios(which)he started are still busy today, producing more and more interesting films. ②as 从句的先行词是 the same/such 或被 the same/such 修饰;as 可作主,宾,表语,一律不可省略. Many of the sports were the same as they are now.(as 作表语) He uses the same map as I (use).他和我用的是同一份地图.(as 作宾语) Such as beautiful park as is being built was designed by two young engineers.正在建造的如此漂亮的公园是由两个年 轻的工程师设计的(as 作主语) The printed newspaper was not such as the chief editor had expected. 印好的报纸并非如主编原来所期望的那样.(as 作 宾语) (2)在引导非限制性定语从句时,as, which 都可作主,宾,表语,都不可省去. ①which 从句补充说明先行词的用途,性质,状态,特征等.如: At present, the biggest nature park for milu deer in China is in the Nanhaizi Milu Park,which is about 20 kilometres south of Beijing.(位置) China Daily has plenty of advertisements, which help to cut the costs of making the newspaper.(用途) One of Charlie Chaplin's most famous films was "The Gold Rush", which was made in 1925.(时间) Now, however, the maters of this great lake, which is also the World's deepest(over 1,740 metres),have been dirtied by waste from a chemical factory.(特征) ②which 从句还可表示说话人的看法,也可对主句作意义上的补充;which=and it/ this/ that/ they; which 代表的是先行 词,主句或主句的一部分;which 从句只能放在先行词或主句后.如: He said she could speak 4 foreign languages, which(=and it)is not true.他说她会四门外语,这是不可能的.(说话人看 法,which 代表宾语从句部分)比较:He said she could speak 4 foreign languages, which(=and that)surprised every one of us.他说她会四门外语,这使我们每个人都很惊讶.(补充主句,which 代表主句) Leaves are turning yellow, which means autumn is coming. 树叶正在变黄,这意味着秋天就要来了. ③as 也可代表先行词,主句或主句一部分.但 as 有"正如"的意义,其从句可放在主句前或后,如: The Nanjing Changjiang River Bridge,as we all know, was completed in 1969.我们都知道南京长江大桥,它建成于一九六九年.(as 代表先行词) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.(如)你们许多人(所做的那样)对事实视而不见是愚蠢的.(as 代 表主语部分) As we know, the earth is round. 我们知道,地球是圆的. as 引导的非限制性定语从句 在 as 引导的非限制性定语从句中，连接代词 as 在句子中可以作主语、宾语或表语等，可以指人或物。其在 定语从句中的位置比较灵活， 即可以在句子前面， 在句子中间或句子末尾。 常用的结构有： as we all know; as is well known to…; as is often the case; as is said/mentioned above; as has been said before; as I told you before; as is evident; as often happens; as can be seen; as is/was expected; as we expect; as I can remember 等。 [注意 1]as 通常只指整个句子的内容，不表示部分内容。 [注意 2]as 引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的” “料想到的” ，表达“好”的方面。 [注意 3]as 引导限制性定语从句时，常构成 the same…as…; such…as…; so/as …as…等结构。在从句中既可以指人、 物，也可以指整个句子。 This is also part of your work, as I told you before. 我曾告诉过你，这也是你工作的一部分。 The man was a teacher, as was evident from his way of speaking. 从那人说话的样子可明显看出，他是个老师。 Such ideas as he hits on are worthless. 像他那样偶然想起的主意是无用的。 It’s the same story as I heard from her yesterday. 这故事跟我从她那儿听到的相同。 He will marry as pretty a girl as he can find. 他要尽可能找漂亮的女孩结婚。 Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be greatly respected.
那些对世界做出巨大贡献的人们应该受到极大的尊重。 which 引导的非限制性定语从句（也引导限制性定语从句） which 引导的非限制性定语从句既可以指整个句子内容，也可以指句子的部分内容（如单词或词组等） ，在 句子中可以作主语、宾语（动词或介词的） 、定语等。注意它在句子中的位置：只能放在主句后，不能放在主句前。 表达的内容是“不好的” 、 “事先没有预料到的”等时，常用 which，只指物。 Yellowstone National Park, which is in Wyoming, is one of the most beautiful national parks in the world. 黄石国家公园 位于怀俄明州，是世界上最美丽的国家公园之一。 The clock, which my grandfather bought, is still in good order. 这时钟是我祖父买的，现在还走时很准。 The picture, for which he paid an enormous amount of money, was a forgery. 那幅画他花了一大笔钱购买，却是幅赝 品。 She changed her mind again, which made us all angry. 她又改变了主意，这使大家都生气了。 I lived three years in Paris, during which time I learned French. The weather turned out to be very good, which was more than we could expect. 句型 27 情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法 could have done “本来可以??” （表示过去没有实现的可能） 。 might have done “本来可能??；本来应该或可以做某事” （实际没有发生；含有轻微的责备语气。 should/ought to have done “本来该做某事” （而实际未做） should not/ought not to have done “本来不该做” （实际却做过了，含有责备语气） needn’t have done “本来不必做” （但是已经做过了） would rather have done “当时宁愿做了某事” （实际没有做过） ；否定式 would rather not have done 表达相反意思， 两者都有表示“后悔”之意。 句型 28 …before…特殊用法（1） “没来得及……就……” The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. He ran off before I could stop him. To my great disappointment, my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with her. 让我非常失望的是， 我还没有来得及和我最喜欢的歌手打招呼，她就已经离开了。 句型 29 …before…特殊用法（2） “过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度才……” He almost knocked me down before he knew it.他几乎撞到我了才意识到。 We had walked a long way before we found some water. 我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。 Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉，五年过去了。 句型 30 It was + 时间段+before….“过了多久才（怎么样）……” It was not long before….“不久，就……” It will (not) be +时间段+before….“要过多久（不久）……才……”(before 从句谓语动词要用一般时态) It is/ has been +时间段+ since….. It was +点时间+ when….. It was +时间状语+ that …..（强调句） 1). It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他处境危险（动作已发生） 2). It will be half a year before you graduate from the school. 还有半年你才从这个学校毕业（动作未发生） 3). It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。 4). It was 3 o’clock when they received the telephone. 5). It was at 3 o’clock that they received the telephone. 6). It is 3 years since he worked here.=he left here. （since 从句中的谓语动词若是延续性动词， 要从这个动作结束的时 候算起） 句型 31
the moment, the minute, immediately, directly, on doing…表示―一….就‖ 1). On arriving (his arrival )at the airport, he was surrounded by the reporters . 2). ---Have you give John the book? ---Yes, the moment I saw him. 句型 32 One moment…… and now…….刚才还…….现在却…… 1). One moment the two boys were playing, and now they are quarrelling. 2). One moment it was fine, and now it is raining. 句型 33 not only….. but (also)…..  引导并列结构：主语时，谓语动词与邻近的一个主语保持一致。 1). Not only the teacher but also the students have their eyes examined regularly. Not only the students but also the teacher has his eyes examined regularly. 2). They suggested we should not only attend the party, but give a performance. They suggested we should give a performance as well as attend the party  not only….. but (also)…..引导并列句时，not only 引导的部分置于句首时要部分倒装 1). Not only was everything he had taken away, but also his German citizenship was taken away. 2). Not only should we students study hard, but also we should know how to enjoy ourselves in our spare time. 句型 34 as, though, although 引导的让步状语从句。 [注意]although 位于句首；though 位于句首或句中；as 位于句中=though。它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、 动词或名词放在连词前。n. /adj. / adv. / v. + as / though +主语+谓语，…… 尽管……,…….引导让步状语从句 请注意下列句式的变化： 1. Although/Though I’m young, I already know what career I want to follow. →Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow. 2. Although/Though I respect him very much, I cannot agree with his idea. →Much as/though I respect him, I cannot agree with his idea. 3. Although/Though he is a child, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. →Child（省略冠词）as/though he is, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 4. Although he tried, he couldn’t solve the problem. →Try as he might, he couldn’t solve the problem. 5. Although it is raining, I’m going out for a walk. →Raining as it is, I’m going out for a walk. 6. Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident. 7. Much as I would like to help, I have a lot to do. 8. Object as you may, I will go. 纵使你反对，我也要去。 句型 35 once……一旦……, 表示时间和条件 1)Once you understand what the teacher explained, you will have no difficulty doing the work. 2). Once you have decided to do something, you should finish it and do it well. 句型 36 in case of…(+n.) “以防；万一” ； in case that…“以防，万一……” （谓语动词用一般现在时态或 should+动词原形） In case of fire, what should we do? Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 万一我忘了，请提醒我。 In case (that) John comes/should come, please tell him to wait. Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain).带上雨伞，以防下雨。 句型 37 if/ as long as/so long as/ providing that/ provided that/ supposing that/ on condition that 假如…..
1). I will lend you money on condition that you can return it within 3 months. 句型 38 given that/ considering that 考虑到….., 鉴于…… 1). Given her interest in children/ Given that she is interested in children, I’m sure teaching is the right career for her. 2). Considering his age and his experience, he has done well. 句型 39 …until….“直到……时候” ；not…until…“直到……才……” You are to stay until/till your mother comes back. 你得等到你妈妈回来。 The meeting was put off until ten o’clock. 会议推迟到十点钟。 The villagers didn’t realize how serious the pollution was until all the fish died in the river. →Not until all the fish died in the river did the villagers realize how serious the pollution was.（倒装句）等到湖里的鱼 全死光了，村民们才意识到污染是多么严重。 He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back. →It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.（强调句） Not until he failed in the exam did he realize that he had wasted much time playing computer games. Not until his son came back from school did he go to bed. 句型 40 unless…“除非，如果不……”(=if…not) I shall go tomorrow unless it rains. 如果不下雨，我明天去。 ---Shall Tom go and play football? ---Not unless he has finished his homework. 除非他完成作业，否则不能出去。 I won’t go unless he comes to invite me himself.除非他本人来邀请我，不然我是不会去的。 I won’t attend his birthday party unless invited (=unless I am invited).除非被邀请，否则我不 去参加的生日晚会。 句型 41 （1） 、祈使句（表条件）+ or/or else/ otherwise + 主句（表结果）… “否则…，要不然…” （2） 、祈使句（表条件）+ and +主句（表结果） Hurry up, or you’ll be late for class. Please call me up before you come, otherwise/or else/or we might be out. Think it over and you will find the answer. Give him an inch and he will take a mile. 得寸进尺。 Work hard and you will make progress every day. 好好学习，天天向上。 句型 42 can never/ can’t 与 too, too much, enough, over- 搭配表示―无论怎样….都不过分‖ 1). While you are doing your homework, you can’t be careful enough. 2). He is such a great man that we can’t praise him too much. 3). William Hartley was handsome, determined and hardworking, in a word, I couldn’t speak too highly of him. 4). The development of society has made it necessary for us to have a good knowledge of English, so we can’t overemphasize the importance of learning English. 5). Since it is a good thing, we can’t do it too soon. 句型 43 It is said/ thought/ hoped/ believed…..that…… Sb. is said/ thought/ hoped/ believed to do….. 1). It is said that he is studying abroad.--> He is said to be studying abroad. 2).It is considered that many countries highly value China’s role in helping world’s peace. 或 Many countries is considered to highly value China’s role in helping world’s peace. 句型 44
表示过去原打算干，却未曾实现的愿望、打算或意图  had hoped to do=hoped to have done.。类似的词还有：expect, think, intend, design, plan, mean, suppose 等  would like/prefer/ love to have done  was/ wee to have done  was/were supposed to have done 1).--- Did you go to see the film ―Titanic‖ last night? ---I’d like to have, but I had an unexpected guest. 2). The plane was to have take off at 7 this morning, but was held up by the heavy fog. 句型 45 How did sb come to do…..? = How come that….为什么会…../……是怎么回事？表示要求对所发生的事情说明理由 或做出解释 1). How did you come to find out where she’s living?= How come that you found out…. 你是怎么打听到她住在哪儿的? 2). How come that you sat there ,doing nothing?为什么坐在那儿什么也不干? 3). How did he come to be so foolish? 句型 46 It is (not ) like sb. to do….. ….（.不）像某人的所作所为 1). It’s like him to answer for what he has done.敢对自己的行为负责，这是他的一贯作风 2). It’s not like him to have been so rude to his mother. 句型 47 when it comes to….. 当谈到或涉及到…… 1). He is a man of few words, but when it comes to playing computer, he will be excited and full of energy. 2). When it comes to helping his wife with the housework, John never complains. 句型 48 every time/ each time/ next time/ the first time/ any time 等短语引导时间状语从句，表示―每当….., 每次…..,下次…..‖ 1). Every time you meet with new words while reading, don’t always refer to your dictionary. àWhen you meet with new words every time….. 2) Next time you come , do remember to bring your son here. 3) You are welcome to come back any time you want to. 句型 49 It is up to sb. to do sth. 应由某人来做某事…….. 1) ---When shall we start out? ---It’s up to you to decide. 2). It’s up to you to babysit my so while I am away on business. be up to sth. 忙于….., 从事……., 胜任….. 1). John isn’t really up to that job. 约翰不适合干那项工作 2).What have you been up to recently? 最近你一直在忙些什么 句型 50 It’s high/about time that somebody did (should do) (should 通常不省略) …早就该?? It’s time that you went to school.= It’s time that you should go to school. It’s high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情了。 I think it’s high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。 句型 51 It 强调句型 强调句的基本构成：It is/was + 被强调的部分 + who（主要指人时）/that + 其余部分 [注意 1] 这种结构可以强调句子的主语、宾语、状语（包括时间，地点，方式，原因等） ，但是不能强调谓语动词（参考句 型 15） 。 原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来时态，用 It is…that/who….；
原句的谓语动词如果是过去时态，用 It was…that/who….； 强调时间、地点、原因或方式时不要用 when, where 或 how, 必须用 that。 [例句 1] I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon. →It was I who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.（强调主语） →It was in the street that I saw him yesterday afternoon.（强调地点状语） →It was yesterday afternoon that I saw him in the street.（强调时间状语） →It was him that/who I saw in the street yesterday afternoon.（强调宾语） [例句 2] He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back. →It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed. He didn’t do his homework until his father came back from work. →It wasn’t until his father came back from work that he did his homework. [例句 3] Only when you nearly lose someone do you fully realize how much you value him. →It is only when you nearly lose someone that you fully realize how much you value him. 只有你快要失去某个人时，你才意识到你是多么尊重他。 [例句 4] I was late again because the traffic was very heavy during the rush hour. →It was because the traffic was very heavy during the rush hour that I was late again. （强调句中只能强调由 because 引导的原因状语从句，because 不能换成 since, as, for, now that 等） [注意 2]强调句的疑问结构 一般疑问句 Is / Was it +被强调部分 +who / that …? 特殊疑问句 特殊疑问词+is /was +it +who / that…? What is/was it that…? Who is/was it that…? When is/was it that…? Where is/was it that…? Why is/was it that…? How is/was it that…? [例句 1] I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon. →When was it that you saw him in the street? →Who was it that you saw in the street yesterday afternoon? →Where was it that you saw him yesterday afternoon? [例句 2] I don’t know when he will come back. →I don’t know when it is that he will come back.（宾语从句疑问词后用陈述句语序） –How was it that you got in touch with Mr. Smith? 你是怎么和 Smith 先生联系上的？ –Trough a friend of mine. 通过一个朋友。 句型 52 do, did, does 用于强调谓语动词，加强语气 1). He is a good student. → He does be a good student 2). He helped us yesterday. →He did help us yesterday. 3). Be careful! →Do be careful! 句型 53 There be 句型  there be 之后如有几个并列主语，be 动词的选择要取决于第一个主语，即就近原则。 1). There is a pen and two books on the desk.--> There are two books and a pen on the desk.  There be 句型中，be 动词还有其他变化形式，常见的有：There seem to be, There happen to be, There used to be, There is likely to be, There have been/has been 等 1). There seems/ appears to be much hope of our team winning the match.
2). There happened to be nobody in the room when I came in. 3). There have been great changes in my hometown since 1978. 4). There used to be a bus station at the corner of the street. 5). There are likely to be more difficulties than expected while we are carrying out the plan.  There be 句型的独立主格结构作状语： （有连词，用句子，没有连词，用独立结构） 1). There being no buses, we had to walk home. = Because there were no buses, we had to walk home. 2). There having been no rain for a long time, the crops in the field died. = Because there had been no rain for a long time, the crops in the field died.  There be 句型的非谓语形式： 1). I don’t want there to be any misunderstanding between us. 2). We expect there to be a chance of studying abroad. 3). It is usual for there to be a generation gap between parents and children. 句型 54 sb. spend money/ time on sth./in doing sth sb. pay money (to sb) for sth. sth. cost sb. money/ time It takes sb. some time to do sth. 1). The time he spends watching TV is as much as he does doing his homework. 2). The mp3. for which he paid only ￥150 proved to be useful. 3). The naughty boy cost his mother many sleepless nights. 句型 55 当 all, each, both, every 及 every, each 的复合词语否定词连用时，为部分否定，―并非都….‖ 1). Not all of them went to the party last night.--> All of them didn’t go to the party last night. 2). Both of the answers are not right.(=Only one of the two answers is right.) 3). We couldn’t eat in the restaurant, because ___ of us had ____ money. A. all, no B. all, any C. none , any D. none, no 答案：C 句型 56 as/ with 表示―随……进展‖，as 后面接句子，with 后面接短语 1). With the industry developing, the pollution is becoming more and more serious. As the industry develops, the pollution is becoming more and more serious. 句型 57 Only if 与 If only  Only if=if, 引导条件状语从句 1). ---Only if I lend you a hand? ---I’m sure I can finish it on time.  If only = How I wish…., 引导的句子用虚拟语气，表示难以实现的愿望 *** If only = How I wish 主语+情态动词+V.（谓语动词的动作在 wish 之后进行） 主语+动词的一般过去式（谓语动词的动作与 wish 同时进行） 主语+had done（谓语动词的动作在 wish 之前进行） 1). If only we didn’t have so many examines! 2). If only he could come tomorrow! 3). If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes ! 3). He couldn’t work out a single problem when he was in the exam. hall. How he wished he knew all the answer! He couldn’t work out a single problem when he was in the exam. hall. How he wished he had studied hard before! 句型 58 be of…结构小结 (1)be of + 表示年龄(age),大小(size),颜色(color),重量(weight),高度(height),价格(price),意见(opinion),形状(shape),种 类(kind)和方法(way)等名词,说明主语的特征,of 表示"具有"之意,有时可省去.例如:
They are both of middle height.他俩都是中等个儿. When I was of your age, I was a teacher.当我是你这个年龄时,我当老师了. These flowers are of different colors.这些花朵颜色不同. Tom is of a different way of thinking.汤姆的思维方式与别人不同. 注意:此结构中,如果 of 后面的名词前有不定冠词 a/an,则 a/an=the same.例如: The two boys are of an/the same age.这两个男孩同龄. These bottles are of a/the same size.这些瓶子大小一样. (2)be of + 物质名词,表示主语是由某材料制成或某成分构成,相当于 be made of, be built of 或 be made up of 等.例如: The necklace is(made)of glass.这项链是玻璃制的. The bridge is (built)of stone.这桥是由石头构筑的. Our class is (made up)of over 50 students. 我班有 50 多个学生. (3)be of + 抽象名词(如 value, importance, use, help 等),of 表示"具有,具备"等意思,of 不能省,这一结构相当于 be+该 抽象名词相应的形容词.例如: They are of great help/ very helpful to learners of English.他们对英语学习者来说是很有帮助的. In fact, sports and games can be of great value/very valuable.事实上体育运动是很有价值的. The book is of no use/useless to us.这书对我们无用. It is of great importance/very important to study English.学习英语很重要. Coins are of different sizes, weights, shapes and of different metals.因此,根据上述(1),(2)点可以看出,第一个 be of 结构 表示"具有",第二个 be of(承前省去 be)表示"由……制成的".全句汉语意思为:"硬币的大小,重量,形状可能各不相同, 并由不同的金属制成." 句型 59 What do you think of……? （这三个句式用来询问某人对某个事物的评价或看法， How do you find……? 其回答应该是评价性的话语） How do you like…..? 1). ---How do you find the film last night? ---I have never seen a worse one before. 句型 60 What is/was………like? 用来询问人或事物的特征或本质 1). ---What is your mother like? ---She is a very nice person./ She is very beautiful./ She looks like her father. 2). ---What is the weather going to be this weekend? ---It is going to be fine. 句型 61 taste, smell, look, sound, feel 等感官动词作为系动词后面要接 adj.作表语。 1). Apple of this kind taste very nice. 2). Smelling nice, this kind of bread sells well. 句型 62 某些动词常用作不及物动词与 well 或 easily 连用，表示某物具备的某种特征。常用的词有 sell, cut , wash, last, burn 等。 1).His latest work sells well 2). Dry wood burns easily. 句型 63 替代句型：英语中为了避免重复，在比较从句中常用一些替代词来代替前文出现过的词。  用助动词代替主句中的有关动词： 1). I earn more than I did in the past. 2). John spends as much time watching TV as he does writing. 3). China is no longer what it was/ used to be.  用代词代替前文出现过的有关名词：
that 代替指物的单数可数名词或抽象不可数名词，一般是特指的 those 代替指人或指物的复数名词，一般是特指的=the ones one 代替指人或指物的单数可数名词，一般是泛指的 ones 代替指人或指物的复数名词，一般是泛指的 1). The output of coal this year is twice as much as that of last year. 2). The students in this class are more active than those in that one. 3). A bridge made of steel is stronger than one made of stones. 4). Small bananas usually taste better than bigger ones. 句型 64 keep,1eave,find,feel 和 make 在 S V O C 中的用法 SVOC 是一种基本句型.其中 S-Subjeet,V-Verb,O-Object,C-Complement. 宾语补语可以是形容词 (Adjective), 名词 (Noun), 现在分词 (Present participle), 过去分词 (Past participle), 介词短语 (Prepositional phrase)和副词(Adverb),也可以是动词不定式(Infinitive),或是从句(Clause).SVOC 结构在 SEFC 中运用 很广泛,而且动词 make,keep,leave,find 和 feel 在新教材中出现频率很高,也是学习中的难点.下面分别谈谈这些词在 SVOC 中的用法. Keep keep 在 SVOC 中的释义是"使某人或某事保持在某一状态". 1.keep+O+Prepositional phrase I'll keep the box in the shade so that the sun doesn't burn the little plants.我会把这个盒子一直放在阴凉地方,这样太阳 就不会把幼苗晒枯. 2.keep+O+Past participle We'll keep you informed of the flood in the Chang jiang River.我们将随时让你知道长江水灾的情况. 3.keep+O+Adjective Please keep the room clean all the time.请始终保持房间清洁. 4.keep+O+Present participle Mother kept me studying during the summer holiday;for I failed my maths exam. 母亲让我暑假一直学习,因为我数学考试不及格. 5.keep+O+Adverb You must keep this medicine away from the child.这药要放在儿童够不到的地方. Leave leave 在 SVOC 中的释义是"让某人或某事处于某种状态". 1.1eave+O+Clause Leave her where she is.让她留在原地. Don't touch my writing table;leave it as it is.别碰我的写字台,就让它照原样放着. 2.1eave+O+Past participle Before the final exam,he left nothing undone.在期末考试前,他已做好了一切准备. 3.1eave+O+Adjective Fear left her lips stiff.恐惧使她张口结舌. 4.1eave+O+Present participle Don't leave water running to clean vegetables.洗菜时不要开着水龙头让水直淌. 5.1eave+O+Infinitive Leave the fnture to take care of itself.让未来自然发展吧. 6.Leave+O+Adverb Someone has left the bathroom tap no.有人忘了关浴室的水龙头. Find find 在 SVOC 中的释义是"发现,觉得"或者"发现...处于某种状态". 1.find+O+Adjective ...but I find idioms and useful expressions hard to learn.但是我觉得习惯用语和有用的词语很难学. 2.find+O+Noun I find him a very clever man.我发现他是一个很聪明的人. 3.find+O+Present participle
Dusk found him crying in the street.黄昏时,他在街头叫喊. 4.find+O+Past participle He found his hometown greatly changed.他发现他的家乡发生了巨大的变化. 5.find+O+Prepositional phrase They found him already in the care of a doctor.他们发现已经有一位大夫在照顾他了. 6.find+O+Adverb He hurried there,but found them all out.他赶到那里,但发现大家都出去了. find 在 SVOC 中的宾语如果是动词不定式或者是动名词,就必须用先行词 it 表示,然后将真正的宾语置于补语之后. 7.find+it+adj.+doing sth. We found it useless trying to persuade him to go with us.我们发现劝他和我们一起去是没用的. 8.find+it+adj.+to do sth. She found it hard to keep a diary in English.她发现用英语每天写日记很难. Feel feel 在 SVOC 中的释义是"感到,认为",如果其宾语是动词不定式,也必须用先行词 it 表示,然后将真正的宾语置 于补语之后. 1.feel+it+Noun+Infinitive They feel it their duty to keep the classroom clean.他们认为保持教室干净是他们的职责. 2.feel+O+Past participle He felt himself forced to take the action.他感到自己是被迫采取这个行动. 3.feel+O+Bare infinitive (不带 to 的动词不定式) While I was cooking something in the kitchen I felt the floor move.我在厨房煮饭的时候,感到地板在动. 4.feel+O+Present participle I felt my heart beating faster when I entered the lonely house.当我走进这幢孤零零 的房子时,我感到我的心跳加快. 5.feel+O+Adjective We feel the idea quite impractical.我们觉得这个想法很不实际. 6.feel+O+Noun Mike felt himself a person of importance.迈克觉得自己是一个重要人物. Make Make 在 SVOC 中的释义是"使得某人或某物怎么样". 1.make+O+Adjective We must make the buying of tickets easier for our passengers.我们一定要让旅客们更容易买到机票. 2.make+O+Noun All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.只用功不玩耍,弄得孩子会变傻. 3.make+O+Bare innnitive Man must make the earth support more people.人类必须使地球养活更多的人. 4.make+O(oneself)+Past participle If Dr.Baker is in the hall,will he please make himself known to me 如果贝克博士在场的话,请自我介绍一下好吗 Exercise: Fill in the blanks with feel, find, make, leave, keep using the proper form. 1. It's dangerous for you the horse running too fast. 2. He it an honor to be invited to the party. 3. The death of the president __ the country sad. 4. His English is so poor that he can't __ himself understood. 5. At the time of the earthquake, you __ the ground shaking or moving. 6. You'd better all the windows open. 7. If the government _ _ the factory polluting the river, there would be no fish here. 8. He returned home __ his father lying sick in bed. 9. They _ _ him the right man for the job. 10. The weather us indoors that day.
虚拟语气 句型 65 （从句）If + were/did（动词的过去式） ， （主句）主语 + would/might/should/could + do（表示对现在情况的假设） [例句] If I were you, I would not be so proud. 如果我是你，我不会如此自负。 I don’t have a cellphone. If I had one, it would be convenient for me to get in touch with others. If I were in your position, I would think better of it. 如果我处在你的位置，我会好好考虑它。 句型 66 （从句）If + had done, （主句）主语+ would/might/should/could +have done（表示对过去或已经发生事情的虚 拟假设） What a pity it is that you didn’t attend the concert yesterday! If you had attended the concert, you would have seen the famous singer. Anyone in his position would have done the same. =If anyone had been in his position, he would have done the same. 句型 67 （从句）If + were/did（动词过去式）/were to do/should do， （主句）主语+ would/might/should/could + do（表示 对将来的假设） If he should refuse (= If he were to refuse=If he refused), it didn’t matter at all. If you shouldn’t pass the college entrance examination, what would you do? 句型 68 虚拟语气条件句的倒装，在虚拟条件句中，如果出现有 were, had, should，可以省去 if, 把这些词放在句子前面， 构成虚拟倒装句。 Should he act like that again, he would be fined. 如果他还这样做，就要受罚。 Had the doctor come in time last night (=If the doctor had come in time last time), the boy would have been saved. 昨天 晚上要是医生及时到达，小孩就会得救。 Were I to go to the moon one day, I would see it with my own eyes. Had I enough money (= If I had enough money), I would buy a larger house. 句型 69 if only 引起的感叹句，相当于 ―How I wish + 宾语从句‖，意思是“但愿??；要是??就好了” If only he could come! 他要是能来就好了！ If only we students didn’t have so much homework！要是没有这么多的作业该多好！ If only I hadn’t been so careless in the exam! 我当时没有那么粗心就好了！ 句型 70 if it were not for… (= were it not for…) if it hadn’t been for… (= had it not been for…)“要不是因为有??；如果不是??” [注意]这种结构中不能用否定结构的缩写形式，即不能用 weren’t it for…） If it hadn’t been for (= Had it not been for) the determined captain, all the passengers on board wouldn’t have been saved. 要不是船长一直坚强，船上的旅客就不会得救。 If it were not for your rich parents, you couldn’t live so easy a life. If it were not for the expense, I would go abroad now. 若不是因为经费问题，我现在就出国了。 句型 71 “but for + 名词”和“but that +从句” ，意思是“倘若不是；要不是” ，接虚拟语气 But for air and water, nothing could live. (= If there were no air or water, nothing could live.) But for the storm, we should have arrived earlier. = If it hadn’t been for the storm, we should have arrived earlier. 如果不 是暴风雨，我们早就到了。 But for you, we couldn’t have carried out the plan. 要不是你的话，我们无法实施那项计划。 She could not have believed it but that she saw it. 若非亲眼所见，她是不会相信的。 句型 72
在动词 insist（1 坚持做某事） ，order, command（2 命令）, advise, suggest, propose（3 建议做某事） ，demand, require, request, ask（4 要求）等表示建议、命令、要求的名词性从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型：主语+ (should) + 动词原形。另外像 decide, desire, intend, recommend 等也要接(should)+动词原形结构。 Mother insists that Tom (should) go to bed at nine o’clock.（宾语从句） We suggested that the meeting (should) be held at once. It was required that the crops (should) be harvested at once.（主语从句） The suggestion that he (should) be invited was rejected.（同位语从句） That is their demand that their wages (should) be increased.（表语从句） [注意 1] advice, suggestion, order, demand, proposal, request, desire, command, decision, requirement 等名词引导的同位语从 句或表语从句，谓语动词用 (should) + 动词原形。 [注意 2] It’s suggested/ advised/ demanded/ordered/requested/proposed/required/desired 等结构后的主语从句中，谓语动词 用(should) + 动词原形。 [注意 3]suggest 意思是“表明，暗示；说明”时；insist 意思是“坚持观点，坚持看法”时，句子不能用虚拟语气。 He insisted that he was innocent.=He insisted on his innocence. 他坚持说自己是无辜的。 He insisted that he had never done wrong. 他坚持说没有做错事情。 Are you suggesting that I’m not suited for the job? 你是在暗示说我不适合做那项工作？ The look on his face suggested that the teacher was quite satisfied with the result. 句型 73 It is necessary/important/natural/impossible/essential （基本的）等结构后的主语从句中要用虚拟语气，即主语 +(should)+动词原形 It’s necessary that Tom take the exam first. Tom 有必要先参加考试。 With the society developing very fast, it’s quite necessary/important that we (should) have a good knowledge of English and computer. 随着社会的快速发展，我们有必要精通英语和电脑。 句型 74 It’s strange/surprising/a pity/a shame/a surprise (that) … should do…should 表示“竟然” It’s a pity that she should miss the chance. 很遗憾她错过了机会。 It’s really surprising that a prophecy（预言）should coincide with the fact so exactly. 令人惊讶的是，预言和事实竟然 如此巧合。 It’s strange that he shouldn’t pass the exam. 奇怪的是他竟然没有通过考试。 句型 75 as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像??（表示现在或将来的情况用过去时；表示过去的情况用过去完成时）[参 考句型 4] Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her. Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there. Alan 谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。 句型 76 “wish +宾语从句” ，表示不大 可能实现的愿望 表示现在的愿望：主语+过去时； 表示过去的愿望：主语+had done； 表示将来的愿望：主语+would/could do How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! I failed in the maths exam. How I wish I hadn’t wasted so much time playing! What a pity you can’t go to the party. How I wish I could dance with you at the party! 句型 77 would rather +从句（从句要用虚拟语气，即从句中谓语动词用一般过去式，表示现在或将来的愿望；从句中谓语 动词用过去完成时，表示对过去的愿望） 1). I’d rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在就把信寄出去。
2). ---A friend of yours will come to see you today. 你的一位朋友今天要来看你。 --- I’d rather he came here tomorrow. 我倒情愿他明天来。 3). I’d rather you were not a celebrated actor. In that case, we could spend more time together. 我倒情愿你不是什么名 演员，这样我们可以有更多的时间在一起。 4). I’d rather I hadn’t seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没见到她。 不能用 would rather sb. do （更愿让某人干某事）的形式，可转化为 would rather have sb do 或转化为 would rather +从句 1). Who would you rather _____ with the teacher about the problem? A. talking B. talk C. have talked D. have talk 答案：D prefer to do A rather than do B…（两者相比）愿意干 A 而不愿意干 B == would rather do A than do B 1). I prefer to stay at home rather than go to the park in such weather. 2). Rather than ride on a crowded bus, he always prefer to ride a bicycle. 下列句型均可表示―宁愿、想让某人作某事‖： would like sb.to do sth. would prefer sb.to do sth. like sb.to do sth want sb.to do sth. would rather that sb.did sth. 对比： would like/love to do sth.喜欢、宁愿做某事； prefer to do sth.宁愿做； would rather do sth.宁愿做； would like/love not to do sth.不想做； would rather not do sth.宁愿不做……； prefer not to do sth.不想做； would rather do sth.than do sth.宁愿做某事而不做某事；prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.宁愿做某事而不做某事。 一句多译：我想让我儿子学医。 I would like my son to study medicine. I’d love my son to study medicine, I would rather that my son studied medicine. I like my son to study medicine. I want my son to study medicine. I would rather that my son studied medicine. 句型 78 （1） 、疑问词+ever whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever, wherever, however 用来引导让步状语从句，相当于 no matter 和 what, who, which, when, where, how 连用。 Whatever (=No matter what) may happen, we shall not lose hope. Whatever reasons you (may) have, you should carry out a promise. Whoever (=No matter who) comes, he will be warmly welcome. 无论谁来，都会受到热烈欢迎。 Whenever (=No matter when) it happened, it was certainly not yesterday. Whenever you (may) call, you will find her sitting by the window. Wherever (=No matter where) he went, he made friends with people. Whichever (=No matter which) of them you many choose, the quality will be the same. However (=No matter how) hard I have tried, I can’t find the answer. （2） 、whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever 等引导名词性从句，这时不能用 no matter+疑问词替换。 Take whichever you want. 你要哪个就拿哪个。 We will do whatever we can to help him out. 我们要尽力帮助他摆脱困境。
I’ll show you whatever you want to see. 你想看什么我就给你看什么。 Whoever did this job must be rewarded. 无论谁做这件事都要得到报酬。 Whoever walks around in such a heavy rain will catch a cold. You may invite whomever（口语中常用 whoever 代替）you like to the party. Take whatever magazines you want to read. 你可以取阅任何你想读的杂志。 倒装结构 句型 79 全倒装句型（一） here, there, out, in, up, down, now, then, away 等副词放在句首，句子需要全部倒装 There goes the bell! = The bell is ringing. 铃响了！ Here comes the bus. =The bus is coming. 汽车来了。 Now comes your turn to make a short speech. 该轮到你发言了。 Away went the thief when he saw the police. Then came the hour we had been looking forward to. 我们期盼的时候到了。 [注意] （1）在这种情况下倒装仅限于不及物动词或 be 动词，像 go, come, rush, live, stand, lie 等。 （2）主语是人称代词时不要倒装。如：Away he went. 他走远了。 句型 80 全倒装句型（二） 表示方位的状语放在句首，句子全倒装；谓语动词多为 be, lie, stand, sit, come, walk, run, stop etc. 不及物动词。 On a hill in front of them stands a great castle. 在他们面前的山上矗立着一座巨大的城堡。 In front of the house stopped a police car. 房子的全面停着一辆警车。 Around the corner walks a young policeman. 拐角处有个年轻的警察在行走。 Under the tree sat a boy of about ten. 在树下坐着一个大约 10 岁的男孩。 句型 81 全倒装句型（三） （表语）adj. / v-ing / v-ed +（地点状语）+ be（或其他动词形式）… So adj./adv…that…如此??以至于??(so 引导的句子倒装， 而 that 引导的句子不倒装！ ) (这种结构是半倒装句。 ) Present at the meeting were the manager, all the designers and the writer. Fastened to the pole is the National flag. 旗杆上有一面国旗。 Hidden behind the door were some naughty children. 有几个顽皮的孩子藏在门后面。 Sitting at the back of the classroom were several old teachers, listening attentively to the new teacher. 坐在教室后面的 是几位老教师，他们在认真地听新教师的课。 Gone are the days when farmers lived in the poor houses. Typical for China is the crosstalk show, where a pair of comedians entertains the audience with word play. 相声是中国典 型的喜剧，两个演员通过玩弄词藻来逗乐观众。 So clearly does he speak English that he can always make himself understood. So fast does light travel that we can hardly imagine its speed. 句型 82 半倒装句（一） 否定意义的副词或短语放在句首，句子半倒装。这样的副词主要有：little, seldom, hardly, rarely, scarcely, never, not at all, by no means （决不） , at no time （在任何时候都不） ， nowhere, in no case (无论如何都不)； not in the least (=not at all) , on no condition（决不） 等。 Never shall I forget you. At no time was the man aware of what was happening. 那个人根本没有注意到发生的情况。 Little did I understand what he said to me at that time. 我那时几乎没有明白他给我说的话。 It’s beyond description. Nowhere else in the world can there be such a quiet, beautiful place. 那真是用语言难以形容。世界上没有其他地方会有这么安静、美丽的地方了。 Not a single mistake did he make in the exam. 他在考试中没有犯一个错误。 By no means are these works of art satisfactory. 这些艺术品根本不能令人满意。 On no condition should you visit that place. 你决不能去那个地方。 句型 83 半倒装句（二）
not only…, but also…（前一分句倒装，后一分句不倒装） Not only was everything he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship was taken away. 不仅他拥有的一 切被那走了，就连他的德国国籍也被取消了。 They suggested not only should we attend the party but also give a performance. Not only should we students study hard, we also should know how to enjoy ourselves in our spare time. 我们学生不仅要 学习好，还应该知道在课余时间怎样享受生活。 句型 84 半倒装句（三） neither, nor 放在句首 If you don’t go to see the movie, neither will I. 如果你不去看电影，我也不去。 --Why didn’t you buy the jacket? --Neither was the price satisfactory, nor did the color agree with me. I don’t like him, nor do I care about him. 我不喜欢他，也不关心他。 句型 85 半倒装句（四） “only + 状语”放在句首，句子半倒装 Only when the war was over did he return to work. 直到战争结束他才回去工作。 Only after you have reached eighteen can you join the army. 你只有到了 18 岁才能参军。 Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life. Only by changing the way we live will we be able to save the earth. [注意]这种结构的倒装只在 only 引导状语的时候使用，only 引导主语的时候不用倒装。 Only in this way can you work out the problem. 你只有用这种方法才能做出题目。 Only this way can help you work out the problem. 只有这种方法才能帮你做出题目。 句型 86 whether….or…. 无论是….还是…. 1). Whether the weather is good or bad, they will set off as they planned. 2). Any person, whether young or old, has his own worth..