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高考英语听力专项训练


高考英语听力试题

听力命题依据 新课程标准 对听力八级技能的目标 描述:
1)能识别不同语气所表达的不同态度; 2)能听懂有关熟悉话题的讨论或谈话并记 住要点; 3)能抓住简单语段中的观点; 4)能基本听懂广播﹑电视英语新闻的主题 或大意。 5)能听懂委婉的建议﹑劝告等。

高考英语听力解题思路
一、思维过程 1、

扫读与预测(密切关注题干中的疑问词 选项中的不同点) 2、记录与记忆(信号词first, but, what’s more, however等导引思路) 3、选择与推理(排除法,推理法) 二、解题过程 1、听前(pre-listening) 2、听时(while-listening) 3、听后(post-listening)

常见听力推测题的设计有:
1、对谈话场景、地点、时间等的推测; 2、对谈话双方的职业和身份以及他们之 间的关系的推测; 3、对谈话人行为状态的推测; 4、对简单的数字进行计算; 5、对谈话话题、中心大意的推测; 6、对原因、意图、观点、态度等的推测。

听力命题的切入点
1、理解主旨、要义话题中心大意(Main idea ) 2、获取事实性的具体信息(Details) 1)时间、年代、价格等 (when/which year / what price/) 2)地点(where/ at what place) 3)人物(who/ whom/ whose) 4)事件(from beginning to the end/ when, where, what, how and why) 3、对谈话的背景、说话者之间的关系等能做出简单的 推断(background / what relationship) 4、理解说话者的意图、观点或态度 (intention, view and attitude)

点滴建议:
训练时:强化听音心理素质,学会手、耳、 眼、脑并用。 听前: 1. 安定情绪,集中精力。 2. 听好试音部分,尽快进入听音状态。 3. 掠读题目,比较选项差异,预测内容。 听中: 带着问题捕捉信息,速记要点。 听后: 速决速断,马上准备下一题,切忌 反复不定。拿不准时,相信第一感觉。

考点各个击破

考点1:听录音判断时间 :记录时间;简单计算
命题切入点:

half past…, a quarter to…, a.m.,p.m., before, ahead, earlier… (时间的提前) later, delay, put off… (时间的推后)
近音干扰。如:fifteen和fifty

高考题示例:
1. What time does the train leave?(NMET2000/2) A. At 6:15 B. At 6:25 C. At 6:50
查看原文

2. At what time does the train to Leeds leave? (NMET2001/4) A. 3:00 B. 3:15 C. 5:00
查看原文

方法指导:
捕捉目标词语(target words), 即与问 题相关的重要信息。

培养瞬间记忆能力,边听边记,用缩 写或符号来标记。

考点各个击破

考点2:听录音判断地点
命题切入点: 常出现两大类表地点的名词。
国家与城市名。通常直接听取 公共场所、单位名。听取信息词进行判断 如:cinema, hotel, school, hospital 等 提问对话的进行地点、事件发生地点等。

高考题示例:
1. Where are the two speakers? (NMET2000/1) A. In a department store. B. In a clothes factory. C. On a playground.
录音原文

2. Where did this conversation most probably take place? (NMET2001/1) A. At a concert. B. At a flower shop. C. At a restaurant.
录音原文

方法指导:
抓住信息词(informative words), 或 关键词(key words) 进行合理的判断 或推断。如:

school: lecture, paper, exam, teacher…

restaurant: menu, drink, order, bill… airport: timetable, take off, flight…

考点各个击破

考点3:听录音判断数字 直接听取或简单计算
命题切入点:

价格、电话号码、街道、门牌号码、航班等。 常出现与数字有关的常用词 (couple, dozen, twice, daily, fifteen, fifty…)。

高考题示例:
1. How much a pound are the oranges? (NMET1999/3) A. 6 cents. B. 16 cents. C. 60 cents. 查看原文 习题 How much did the man pay for the tickets? A. $16 B. $12 C. $10
查看原文

方法指导:
创造一套自己能看懂的符号,快速准确地 记下对话中出现的所有数据,并标明各数 据间的关系,进行快速计算。

考点各个击破

考点4:听录音判断人物及其关系
命题切入点: 职业 判断 身份 说话者之间的关系

对话中一般不会出现选项中的词语, 只能由推断得知。

高考题示例:
1. Who is Chris Paine? (NMET20002,1) A. A computer engineer. B. A book seller. C. A writer.

查看原文

2. What are the two speakers talking about? (NMET2002,2) A. A football player. B. A football team. C. A football match.
查看原文

方法指导:
根据谈话内容判断。 根据语气判断。

考点各个击破

考点5:听录音判断方案与实施
命题切入点: 打算做什么 先做什么、后做什么 在什么时间、地点做什么

高考题示例:
1. What’s the man doing? (NMET2000/4) A. He’s working in a hotel. B. He’s visiting a young couple. C. He’s travelling around.

录音原文

2. What did Paul do this morning?(NMET2001/2) A. He had a history lesson. B. He had a chemistry lesson. C. He attended a meeting.
录音原文

方法指导:
注意动作发生的时间顺序,抓住一些表动作 转换或连续的连词、副词或短语。
注意说话时的停顿、犹豫或重复。

考点各个击破

考点6:听录音判断主旨与大意
命题切入点: 谈论什么 意图、观点 目的、态度

高考题示例:
1. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? (07湖南卷第题) A. Eco-tour B. Popular sports. 录音原文 C. Famous countries.

实战高考真题

高考题示例:
1. What time does the train leave?(NMET2000,2) A. At 6:15 B. At 6:25 C. At 6:50
返回题目

M: I’m afraid we’ll miss the train. What time is it now? W: It’s 6:15. There are 10 minutes left. Let’s hurry.

高考题示例:
2. At what time does the train to Leeds leave? (NMET2001,4) A. 3:00 B. 3:15 C: 5:00
返回题目

W: Excuse me, could you tell me when the next train to Manchester is? M: Sure, well, it’s three now. The next train to Manchester leaves in two hours. But you can take a train to Leeds, which leaves in 15 minutes, and then get off at Manchester because it stops at Manchester on the way.

高考题示例:
1. Where are the two speakers?(NMET2000,1) A. In a department store. B. In a clothes factory. C. On a playground.
返回题目

W: May I help you? M: Yes. I’d like to try on some sports jackets. I’d prefer something like the one I’m wearing.

高考题示例:
2. Where did this conversation most probably take place? (NMET2001,1) A. At a concert. B. At a flower shop. C. At a restaurant.
返回题目

M: The music and flowers are lovely. W: Yes. I hope the food is good, too.

高考题示例:
1. How much a pound are the oranges? (NMET1999,3) A. 6 cents. B. 16 cents. C. 60 cents.
返回题目

W: Those oranges look nice. How much are they? M: They are 60 cents a pound.

高考题示例:
2. How much did the man pay for the tickets? A. $16 B. $12 C. $10
返回题目

W: Excuse me. How much are the tickets? M: Tickets are $4 for grown-ups, children’s tickets are half price. W: Ok, I’d like 2 grown-ups and 2 children’s tickets, please. M: Yes, here you are.

高考题示例:
1. Who is Chris Paine?(NMET20002,1) A. A computer engineer. B. A book seller. C. A writer.
返回题目

W: I like to read Chris Paine. M: So do I. I hear he writes on his computer. And his new book will come out next week. W: Great! I’ve got to get one as soon as it’s out.

高考题示例:
2. What are the two speakers talking about? (NMET2002,2) A. A football player. B. A football team. C. A football match.
返回题目

W: Do you know that Michael Owen has won the France Football’s Golden Ball prize? M: Not a surprise. He had 20 goals this season.

高考题示例:
1. What’s the man doing?(NMET2000,4) A. He’s working in a hotel. B. He’s visiting a young couple. C. He’s travelling around.
返回题目

W: So, how long have you been here? M: Just a couple of days actually. I’m on a big journey. You know, I’m visiting all the places of interest here.

高考题示例:
2. What did Paul do this morning?(NMET2001,2) A. He had a history lesson. B. He had a chemistry lesson. C. He attended a meeting.
返回题目

W: What about your chemistry class this morning, Paul? M: We were supposed to have a chemistry class, but Mr. Anderson was out of town for a meeting. So we had a history lesson instead.

高考题示例:
1. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? A. Eco-tour. B. Popular sports. 返回题目 C. Famous countries. M: Welcome to our program “eco-tour”. Today we are honored to invite Hannah to be our special guest. Welcome Hannah. W: Thanks. Today I'm going to suggest some ecotours to you. M: Okay. First can you tell us what countries are well-known for eco-tours? W: Actually there are lots of countries. For example Brazil, Australia and China are some of the popular places nowadays.

(1)找出事实性的细节——数字换算能力 题1: 05全国卷I第1题 How much will the woman pay if she buys two skirts? A. $18 B. $19 C. $20 试题分析

题2: 05湖北卷第9题 What time will Professor Smith finish his talk? A. At about 1:45 B. At about 2:15 试题分析 C. At about 2:45

题3: 05北京卷第11题 How many people can go and see a film if you pay $17 ? 试题分析 A.3. B.4. C.5.

题4 :05湖南卷第15题 How soon will the ticket office be closed? A.In an hour. B. In two hours. 试题分析 C.In three hours.

(2) 理解话语主旨——语意理解能力 题5: 05全国卷第10题 What are the speakers talking about? A.Popular sports events. B.TV programs people like best. 试题分析 C. Things people do after work.

题6: 05湖北卷第20题 What is the main purpose of the speech? A. To call on people to give blood. B. To explain what a blood transfusion. C. To review the history of the research on blood. 试题分析

(3)判断说话者之间的关系或谈话背景—— 分析判断能力 题7:05湖南卷第6题
What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Clerk and guest. B. Nurse and patient. 试题分析 C. Manager and secretary.

题8:湖南卷第17题 What can we learn about the man? A.He is willing to wait. B.He is pleased to see the woman. C.He is disappointed about his phone order.
试题分析

(4)理解说话者的意图、观点和态度——考查 理解能力 题9 : 05北京卷第14题 How is the man feeling? A.Fired. B.Nervous C.Hopeless.
试题分析

题10:05北京卷第20题 What is the purpose of the man’s talk? A. To welcome the students to the center. B. To inform the students of the arrangements. C. To tell the students the rules they should follow. 试题分析

题11:05全国卷16 What does the woman think of the man’s English? A. Excellent B. Acceptable. C. Strange.
试题分析

Now check your answers
B 题1: 05全国卷I第1题 C 题2: 05湖北卷第9题 B 题3: 05北京卷第11题 B 题4: 05湖南卷第15题 C 题5: 05全国卷第10题 A 题6: 05湖北卷第20题 A 题7:05湖南卷第6题 A 题8:05湖南卷第17题 B 题9: 05北京卷第14题 B 题10:05北京卷第20题 A 题11:05全国卷16

看试题

题1: 05全国卷I第1题分析 答案 B M:$10 each and $1 off if people buy two. They are on sale. 说话者没有明示,但是考生必须知道off, be on sale 的意思,思考与分辨很重要。

题2: 05湖北卷第9题分析: M: When does the meeting begin? W: Lunch will be served at 12:30, and Professor Smith will speak at 1:15. M: And do you have any idea when it will end? W: Well, Professor Smith will speak for about one and half hours.

看试题

本题中,史密斯教授1:15开始作报告,要讲 一个半小时,听懂后,用简单的数字运算就 能知道结束的时间。

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题3: 05北京卷第11题分析 W:…Adult tickets $ 6.50 (six fifty), student tickets $ 5.50 (five fifty), tickets for children and 15 years of age 4.50 (four fifty), a family ticket is available for two adults and two children or one adult and three children $17. 在听对话的过程中,把听到的数字five fifty, four fifty,six fifty记录下来,再做答。

看试题

题4 :05湖南卷第15题 M: Well, there are two more hours before the ticket office closes. before一词,除了“以前、之前”,将它译成 中文有多样解释。如何理解,就看考生的功底 了。这正是本题亮点所在。正确理解的关键词 是two more hours和before.

题5: 05全国卷第10题 W:You know I just finished some very interesting research for the newspaper about things people do in their spare time. M:Really? What did you learn?

看试题

本题中,说话者用的是in their spare time, 而选项却写的是after work。 听不懂spare time就会判断失误。

看试题 题6: 05湖北卷第20题 本题语料采取独白形式,一位女医务工作者谈输 血的意义、作用,讲到输血的历史等,意在打消 人们的顾虑,号召人们献血,尤其最后一句So please give blood起到画龙点睛的作用。

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题7:05湖南卷第6题分析: A: Excuse me, there is a problem with my room. B: And what is the problem? A: I asked for a non-smoking room, but I don't have one. My room smells like a cigarette smoke. Could you change my room please? B: Let me see. I'm sorry, but we don't have any more non-smoking rooms. We won't charge you for your room tonight. 通过男声的 “asked for a non-smoking” “change my room please” 以及女声的 “We won’t charge you for your room tonight.” 可得知答案。

看试题

题8:05湖南卷第17题分析 M:…Tickets for a good concert are worth waiting for. 本题中,be willing to wait与be worth waiting for在此处殊途同归,考生知道,就 能选对。

题9: 05北京卷第14题分析 M:It depends on how long the interview lasts.Oh.dear, I hope things go OK.I know I can do the job. W: Just relax. Everyone has his first time….本 题中,男士在叙述时使用感叹语Oh, dear暗示 了他的不安。女士安慰道,请放松。任何人第 一次总会惴惴不安。接续下来是诸多建议和谆 淳教诲,话语,特别是语气也反衬出男士的 nervous.情景明确的语料、科学的设题、恰如 其分的语气从而吐露说话者的真实意图,也是 全面考查被试者能力载体。
看试题

题10:05北京卷第20题分析:

看试题

本题对话编写很独特,形式上像是对话,实际是 男士独白,女士三言两语介绍后就是男士的大段 讲话。从And it’s my job to make sure you have some fun while you are here. Now this afternoon… 起直到Finally…on Sunday we…完全是每一天的活 动安排,只有全部听完后才会得出这样的印象: 男士在向学生宣讲他们的活动内容。独白一般较 长,要求完整地听,然后分析、加工,最后得出 结论。

看试题

题11:05全国卷第16题分析: W:…By the way, where are you from? M:China. W:China? But you speak English like a native speaker.... 本题中,女士使用惊讶、赞叹的口吻说道: ‘‘什么,你是中国人?英语就像是你的母语一 样!”她的潜台词是:“你的英语说得太地道了。” 这是一种由衷的赞美,命题者灵活地把情感因 素融于试题设计选项中。

点滴建议:
训练时:强化听音心理素质,学会手、耳、 眼、脑并用。 听前: 1. 安定情绪,集中精力。 2. 听好试音部分,尽快进入听音状态。 3. 掠读题目,比较选项差异,预测内容。 听中: 带着问题捕捉信息,速记要点。 听后: 速决速断,马上准备下一题,切忌 反复不定。拿不准时,相信第一感觉。


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