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综合课程 Unit 2 the land of the lock课件


Unit 3
The Land Land of of The Lock

Teaching Objectives
Aim of knowledge

grasp the main idea (America is deteriorating into “the most insecure nation”) and th

e structure of the text (opening-body-conclusion); learn to use comparison and contrast in writing more effectively and to use keywords for more efficient reading; Students will get to appreciate the affective development of the text. In this way, they will be guided to have a critical thinking about the security and self-protection.
The Land of the Lock
Next

Aim of Skills

Aim of Emotion and Attitudes

Unit 3

Security

CONTENTS
Lead-in Content Focusing Language Focusing
Further Exploration

Assignments

Unit 3

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The Land of the Lock

1. Do you feel safe living on campus? 2. What precautions do you usually do to protect yourselves from danger?

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theft、 burglary (入室盗窃)

motor vehicle robbery 机动车抢劫

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telecommunication fraud 通信诈骗
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kidnap
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Hijack 劫持
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rape
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Child abuse 虐待儿童
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Shooting/murder 谋杀
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Assassination 暗杀

The Land of the Lock

? With Shooting incident raging, a tragedy happened nearly every month. ? American people take possession of 250 million guns, which makes the security situation even worse.

People Killed in America by Gun 美国枪击案死伤人数统计 2008

Date Jan. 24 Mar. 29 Apr. 3 Jul. 27 Aug. 4 Nov .6

Killed 2 8 14 4 5 1

Injured 7 3 4 6 15 5

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3. What can we do to protect ourselves?
In ancient times

Locks

Castle

The Great Wall

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3. What can we do to protect ourselves?
In modern times elaborate and hi-tech LOCKS

Dead-bolt lock 防盗锁
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Security chains 防护链
The Land of the Lock

Electronic alarm system 电子报警系统

3. What can we do to protect ourselves?
In modern times elaborate and hi-tech LOCKS

Surveillance camera 监控摄像头
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Access card 出入卡
The Land of the Lock

Electronic X-ray equipment 电子透视装置

Theme Introduction remarks
With the soaring crime rate, we try to apply a variety of safety devices to protect ourselves. The era of no one picking up and pocketing anything lost on the road, while no family having the need to bolt the doors at night (路不拾遗, 夜不闭户 ) has gone. But do we feel safer than before? In text A the author depicts this situation in America and discusses the deep root of security problem.
Unit 3
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The Land of the Lock

The text, by providing many examples, describes, the wide use of security devices, typically locks in varied forms in America. The author, by comparing with the past era of leaving the front door on the latch, regrets that people no longer trust each other and have to resort to elaborate security systems to protect themselves and their possessions. And this has led to the fact that people may have locked the evils out, but they also have locked themselves in.
Unit 3
Security

The Land of the Lock

CONTENTS
Lead-in Content Focusing Language Focusing
Further Exploration

Assignments

Unit 3

Security

The Land of the Lock

While-reading
1 2 3
4
Unit 3

Text Structure Part 1 true or false Part 2 details identifying
Part 3 conclusion
The Land of the Lock
HOME

Security

Text Structure
Part 1
(Para.1-3)

Part 2
(Para.4-15)

Part 3
(Para.16-19)

In America, the era of leaving the front door on the latch has drawn to a close.. A new atmosphere of fear and distrust creeps into every aspect of daily life. As a result, security devices, in varied forms, are put to use. By locking our fears out, we become prisoners of our own making.
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HOME

True or False 1. The phrase “on the latch” means the door is (F ) closed and locked. This phrase means the door is closed but unlocked. 2. Nowadays, doors, not only in cities but also in rural areas, are locked.

( T )

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True or False 3. Urban streets are more dangerous than outskirts (F ) and country areas.

Suburbs and country areas are more dangerous than urban streets. 4. In America nowadays, no one leaves his front ( T) door on the latch anymore.

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The Land of the lock
Central point of view

? America is deteriorating from “the Land of Free” into the “the most insecure nation ”.

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Task 1 Facts Finding find out the supporting facts of the central point of view in the text.
the Land of Free the most insecure nation

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1.Doors are not left unlocked either in cities or rural areas. “路不拾遗,夜不闭户”成为历史(para.1-2)

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2.Security Systems were put to use 防盗设备层出不穷 (Para.4)

dead-bolt lock
防盗锁

security chain
防护链

alarm system
电子报警系统

Dead-bolt locks, security chains, electronic alarm systems and trip wires are widely in use.
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3.Steel Bars against theft 防盗窗遍布 (Para.4)

Suburban families have steel bars built in sliding glass doors.郊区的许多人家安装了玻璃滑门,内侧有装得很讲究 的钢条以防撬开
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4.Notices against burglary 防盗警示

(para.5)

Small notices warning against burglary are commonly seen pasted on the windows of the most pleasant homes. (Para.5)
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? Access cards are required of those who work with medium- to large-size companies.(para.10)

5.Access cards are required 通行证成为必须 (para.10)

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? Airport security uses electronic X-ray equipment to guard against terrorism.(para13)

6.Airport has tightened up security checks 机场加强警戒 (para.13)

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7.High Intensity Light in the neighborhood

Our neighborhood are bathed in high-intensity light. 社区强光整夜不息。(Para.14)
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8. Businessmen employ new machines linked up to their telephone to determine whether the caller is telling lies or not. (Para.15)

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Security chains
Access Card Security Devices Electronic X-ray equipment Sliding glass doors with Steel bars
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Electronic alarm system

trip wire

Dead-bolt locks

The Land of the Lock

Questions and Answers 1. Under what excuse do people resort to all those means mentioned in Part 2? In the name of “security”. 2. According to the author, what may be the legacy we remember best when we recall this era? We became prisoners of ourselves when we deal with the unseen horrors among us.
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Conclusion 结论
? We may have locked the evils out, but in so doing we have locked ourselves in. We have become the prisoners of ourselves.
我们或许是把邪恶锁在了门外,但在这么做的同时 我们把自己锁在里边了。 我们成了自己的奴隶。

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HOME

CONTENTS
Lead-in Content Focusing Language Focusing
Further Exploration

Assignments

Unit 3

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The Land of the Lock

1 2

Sentence Exploring Words to Drill

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Sentence Exploring
1)I don’t know if that was a local term or if it is universal. (Para. 1)
1) What do “local” and “universal” mean respectively?
“Local” means “of a particular place”, while “universal” means “common to all conditions or situations” .

我不知道这是当地的一种说法,还是 大家都是这么说的….
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Sentence Exploring
2)…..doors do not stay unlocked, even for part of an evening (Para. 2)

Paraphrase the sentence.

… doors are always locked, even just for a short period of time in the evening
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Sentence Exploring
3) It is not uncommon, in the most pleasant of homes, to see pasted on the windows small notices announcing that the premises are under surveillance by this security force or that guard company.(Para. 5)

Analyze the structure. 结构: see sth. done(被动)
See small notices pasted on the window

Small notices (announcing that …) 分词短语做定语
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Sentence Exploring
4) Indeed, a recent public-service advertisement by a large insurance company featured not charts showing how much at risk we are, but a picture of a child’s bicycle with the now-usual padlock attached to it.(Para. 6)

What is the insurance company’s intention of running an ad with a picture showing a padlock attached to a kid’s bicycle?
The insurance company wants to show what danger people are in now because they may get the kid’s bicycle stolen.
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feature:
1. vt. give a prominent part to (sb./sth.) 报纸为那个事件做了个专题报道。

The newspaper featured the story of the event. The play featured two well-known actors.

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Sentence Exploring
5) but who is going to pay for what the new atmosphere of distrust and fear is doing to our way of life? Who is going to make the psychic payment for the transformation of America from the Land of the Free to the Land of the Lock? (Para. 7)
.

…但谁来赔偿互不信任、担心害怕这 种新氛围对我们的生活方式所造成的 影响呢?谁来对美国从自由之国到锁 之国这一蜕变作出精神赔偿呢?
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Sentence Exploring
6) If you work for a medium- to large-size company, chances are that you don’t just wander in and out of work..(Para. 5) Paraphrase the structure “chances are that …”

It is very likely that …
我们很可能会轻松取胜。 Chances are that we will win easily/ It is likely that we will…
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Sentence Exploring
7) It simply didn’t occur to managers that the proper thing to do was to distrust people.(Para. 11) Paraphrase the structure “It occurs to sb. that…” sb. gets the idea that …
我突然意识到可以用电脑来做这个工作。 It suddenly occurred to me that we could use a computer to do the job.
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Sentence Exploring
8) We seem finally to have figured out a way to hold the terrorists, real and imagined, at bay.( .Para. 13) Finally, we found the way to keep away the terrorists, no matter whether they are real or imagined in our mind.
hold/keep (sb.) at bay: prevent (an enemy, pursuers, etc.) from coming near e.g. She left the light on at night to keep her fears at bay.

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Sentence Exploring
9) The machines are supposed to tell the businessman, with a small margin of error, whether his friend or client is telling lies..( .Para. 15)

The machines are thought to be able to tell the businessman whether his friend or client is telling lies with little probability of making mistakes.

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Sentence Exploring
10) All this is being done in the name of “security”; that is what we tell ourselves.( .Para. 16) 1) Why does the author use the quotation marks? This is not real security. People are living in the illusion that they are properly protected by these security means.
.

所有这一切都是以“安全”的名义实 施的;我们是这么跟自己说…
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HOME

hook up to: connect or attach (sth.) to (sth. else) with or as if with a hook My computer is hooked up to the Internet, so I can communicate with my students at home via email.

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vulnerable: adj. exposed to danger or attack; unprotected 你的论点相当容易受到批评。

Your arguments are rather vulnerable to criticism.。

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reflection: n 1.a thing bringing discredit or criticism
(followed by on) 有损……的声誉的事

The fact that we all failed the test was a reflection on our teacher. 2. 反思,思考

On further reflection, she saw her mistake.
他沉思片刻后做出了否定的回答。
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Task 1 Find out useful expressions in the text
? (门)关着但没上锁 ? (暂时)关闭
On the latch Close up Well-patrolled urban streets The allegedly tranquil areas The era of ……is over

? 巡逻严密的城区街道
? 据称很宁静的地区 ? ……的时代结束了 ? 电子报警系统 ? 连接到
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Electronic alarm system
Hook up to

The Land of the Lock

Task 1 Find out useful expressions in the text

? 处于监控下
? 设置障碍 ? 保安 ? 不让靠近 ? 电子搜查器 ? 看都不看一眼 ? 代表,表示,象征 ? 沉浸于,沐浴于 ? 误差率很小
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Under surveillance Put up barriers Security guards Hold / keep sb. at bay Electronic friskers

Without so much as a sideways glance
Stand for Be bathed in With/by a small margin of error

The Land of the Lock

Task 1 Find out useful expressions in the text
? 在人类文明的历史上 ? 聪明反被聪明误 ? 回首过去 ? 看不见的恐惧
In the history of civilized man

Outsmart oneself
Look back on Unseen horror

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Unit 2 (1)

? 1. The house was so vulnerable that it collapsed _________________ without so much as enduring a typhoon _________________________ (甚至连一次台风都没有经历过)。 on the premise that you stand for my ? 2. I will give you money ___________________________ _____ presence at the conference ____________________________( 前提是你代表我出席会议)。 It has never occurred to me that ? 3. __________________________( 我从来都未曾想到过) you would betray me。 can keep your bad habit of ? 4. I strongly believe that strict discipline _____________________ smoking at bay _____________________ (能够使你远离吸烟的恶习)。 a common wire can help you hook up ? 5. It is not unusual that ______________________________ to the outside world. __________________ (一根普通电线就能让你连接到外部世界)。

Unit 2 (2)

? 6. This is a very tough problem; __________________________ chances are that you need reflection ___________________________________________________ on it before you can find a solution to it (很可能你需要深思熟虑才能解答) 。 Statistics show that poor health has much to ? 7. (数据显示)______________________ do with unhealthy eating habits. features analysis with a small margin of error ? 8. The machine ________________________________________ (突出的特点是分析的误差率很小)。 Looking back on the tranquil rural life 回顾过去的宁静乡村生活), ? 9. _______________________________( I am upset of the busy life now. Bathed in the breath of the new era ? 10. _______________________________ (沐浴着新时代的气息), we all have a firm confidence to devote our youth and energy to the construction of the Four Modernizations.


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