2014 级高一英语检测卷 (2015-4-11)
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1.5 分；满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读 一遍。 1. W
hat did the man think of the talk? A. It was amazing. B. It was interesting. C. It was boring.
2. What did the woman ask the man to do? A. Look out of the window. B. Start a fire. C. Put out the cigarette.
3. Where did this dialogue probably take place? A. In a cafe. 4. What has happened to the sea? A. It has disappeared. 5. What is the woman’s suggestion? A. Painting the wall white. B. Painting the wall red. C. Painting the wall black. 第二节（共 15 小题，每小题 1.5 分；满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或对白。每段对话或对白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或对白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听 完后，每个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或对白读两遍。 听下面一段材料，回答第 6～7 题。 6. Why did the man call Dr Willams? A. To say hello to him. B. To introduce a patient to him. C. To get a treatment（治疗）for the woman. 7. When did the man talk with the woman? A. In the morning . B. In the afternoon. C. In the evening. B. It has been polluted. C. It has been cleaned. B. In a cinema. C. In a post office.
听下面一段材料，回答第 8～10 题。 8. What’s the weather like when they are talking ? A. Lovely. B. Too bad. C. Windy and dusty.
9. What does the woman think of summer in Beijing? A. Hot and rainy B. Dry and sunny C. Neither hot nor cold
10. When did the man probably come to Beijing? A. In spring. B. In summer. C. In autumn.
听下面一段材料，回答第 11～14 题。 11. Why is the woman at the bus stop? A. Waiting for the man. B. Waiting for her mother. C. waiting for a bus.
12. What kind of weather is usual for March? A. Cool. B. Very hot. C. Dry.
13. How long has the woman been waiting? A. Half an hour. B. Twenty minutes. C. An hour.
14. Where has the man lived for ten years? A. In Florida. B. In New York. C. In California.
听下面一段材料，回答第 15～17 题。 15. Where does the dialogue take place? A. At a cinema. B. At a school. C. At a hospital.
16. What are they mainly discussing? A. Hospitals. B. Outpatients C. Ear, nose and throat(喉咙).
17. What does the woman think of a cold? A. A good doctor can cure（治愈）it. B. It is easy to cure. C. It is difficult to cure. 听下面一段材料，回答第 18～20 题。 18. Where is the speaker now? A. On a plane. 19. Who once worked on air? A. The bus hostess. B. The speaker. C. The driver. B. On a bus C. On a train
20. How did the bus hostess feel about the ground travel services(服务)？ A. Sorry. B. Upset C. Proud
第二部分：基础知识运用 第一节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面的短文，在标有序号的空白处填入适当的词，或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式，并将序号及 相应的答案写在答题纸上。 Japanese foods even have a soul. Do you believe that eating 21 bowl of ramen （日本拉面）can influence your mood? In making ramen, a chef’s emotion will change into the food taste. When a chef is sad, people 22 eat ramen the chef makes will be sad, too. That’s why people say Japanese foods have a soul. Japanese foods are very beautiful and that is why you are suggested to enjoy them with your eyes first, before starting to feed them into 23 stomach. The colors arrangement in the dishes you enjoy is based 25 （feel）Japan’s seasons without going there! 27 (color) leaves in 24 the colors of four seasons. This is the only way
Japanese people call it harmony （和谐） , which is born from Japanese people’s enjoyment of artistic sense and 26 （beauty）. Through Japanese foods, you can feel the cherry blossoms in spring, the autumn, and the warmth of the sun in summer. You can also find tuna, herring and bamboo shoots in summer, or chestnuts and mushroom in autumn. They are not only good in your eyes, but also good for your health. According to some results of a research, Japanese people have lower rates of heart disease than most other countries. They also have 28 （long）age! Many Japanese can reach more than 100 years of age, and they can work normally as the young. The secret may be their diet. There is no doubt to say Japanese cuisines （料理） are one of the healthiest in the world! Over the past years Japanese businessmen 29 （open）a large number of Japanese restaurants all over the 30 the locals. You may be eating a bowl of soba world and they are so famous and becoming very popular
and miso, having sushi, or enjoying a cup of green tea right now. 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 41--60 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 The Spring Festival, which we had been so looking forward to, came at last. In my opinion, 32 , what happened on the first day of this new year changed my mind. My good friend Lily and I went shopping that day. We were talking and laughing along the street while an 8-year-old boy, 33 in rags followed us. The little beggar was trembling in the 34 35 38 wind. “Give me face, we felt we completely some money, OK? I haven’t eaten anything for several days,” he begged. Looking at his happy. He even hopped away 37 , as if he had achieved a great victory（胜利）. 39 40 31
are the happiest people because they can wear new clothes, eat nice food and get red packets full of money.
sorry for him and gave him one yuan. But what deeply shocked us was how quickly his helpless face 36 understood what happened, his face turned pitiful saw the boy 41 as he asked a couple for money. They didn’t give him . The beggar had succeeded again. Then we 42 if she
anything so the boy followed them and in the end the couple
some money from his pocket and give it to a woman hiding behind a tree. I 43 . 44 to us as we walked to the crossing. I
was his mother. Suddenly we realized the woman was using the boy to earn money. I felt that I had been cheated and thought the boy was Just a moment later, a much younger girl 45 46 not to and
give her money because, if she then had to give it away, it wouldn’t help her. The girl stared at me 47 . I couldn’t imagine these words were coming from such a(n) These children 49 48 girl.
shouted, “No money? If you want to go past, you must give me some money!” I was shocked and could say get to wear new clothes in Spring Festival and also receive good 50 in
school but they don’t, which is not their fault. I hope the whole society are concerned about the problem and help the poor children! 31. A. family 32. A. Therefore 33. A. dressed 34. A. warm 35. A. easygoing 36. A. grew 37. A. playing 38. A. After 39. A. ever 40. A. called on 41. A. take 42. A. wondered 43. A. pitiful 44. A. joined in 45. A. realized 46. A. politely 47. A. nothing 48. A. straight 49. A. should 50. A. money B. children B. Besides B. joined B. light B. happy B. turned B. crying B. While B. still B. gave in B. reach B. found B. hateful B. went across B. asked B. frequently B. something B. little B. could B. friendship C. grown-ups C. Instead C. suffered C. cold C. reliable C. proved C. singing C. As C. again C. went through C. bring C. knew C. grateful C. got down C. decided C. gradually C. anything C. powerful C. would C. education D. friends D. However D. succeeded D. hot D. helpless D. went D. racing D. Before D. even D. broke up D. hold D. recognized D. careful D. came up D. persuaded D. unkindly D. everything D. old D. might D. attitude
第三部分：阅读理解（每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分。第一节 15 小题，每小题 2 分，共 30 分；第二节 5 小题， 每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 第一节：阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D) 中，选出最佳选项, 并在答题纸上将该选 项标号涂黑。 A Chocolate is good for your heart, skin and brain．Usually, people think that chocolate is bad for their health．They describe chocolate as “something to die for” or say “death by chocolate”．Now they should bite their tongues! Evidence is showing that some kinds of chocolate are actually good for you in the following ways: A happier heart Scientists at Harvard University recently examined 136 studies on cocoa—the main ingredient in chocolate and found that it does seem to strengthen the heart．Studies have shown heart benefits from increased blood flow．These benefits are the result of coca’s chemicals, which seem to prevent both cell damage and inflammation （炎症） ． Better blood pressure If yours is high, chocolate may help．Jeffrey Blumberg from Tufts University recently found that people with high blood pressure who ate 3.5 ounces of dark chocolate per day for two weeks saw their blood pressure drop quickly．
Muscle magic Chocolate milk may help you recover after a hard workout（锻炼） ．In a small study at Indiana University, people who drank chocolate milk between workouts did better on a tiredness test than those who had some sports drinks． Better for your skin． German researchers gave 24 women a half-cup of special cocoa every day．After three months, the women’s skin was moister （滑润的） and smoother． The research shows that chocolate helps protect and increase blood flow to the skin, improving its appearance． Brain gains It sounds almost too good to be true, but research suggests that chocolate may improve your memory, attention span, reaction time, and problem-solving by increasing blood flow to the brain． 51. What’s the meaning of “bite their tongues” in the first paragraph? A. Stop talking． B. Speak up． C. Think of it． D. Listen to it ．
52. The conclusion that chocolate may help lower blood pressure was made by A. scientists at Harvard University C. scientists at Indiana University
B. Jeffrey Blumberg from Tufts University D. German researchers
53. What’s the meaning of the underlined sentence in the fourth paragraph? A. Sports drinks are better than chocolate milk． B. Sports drinks can make people easy to be tired． C. Drinking milk can keep you energetic at work． D. Chocolate milk makes people less tired when they work hard． 54. Chocolate is better for your skin probably because _________. A. it contains special cocoa C. it benefits blood flow to the skin 55. What’s the best title for this passage? A. Chocolate, a Healthy Food C. Chocolate and Blood Pressure B. More Chocolate, Less Health D. Advice on Eating Chocolate B. it improves the appearance D. it is moister and smoother
B I was telling my boy Sonny the story of the hare and the tortoise. At the end I said, “ Son, remember: Be slow and steady, and that will win the race. Don’t you think there’s something to learn from the tortoise?” Sonny opened his eyes wide, “Do you mean next time when I’m entering for the 60-metre race I should wish that Billy, Tony and Sandy would all fall asleep halfway?” I was shocked, “But the tortoise didn’t wish that the hare would fall asleep!” “He must have wished that,” Sonny said, “Otherwise how could he be so foolish as to race with the hare? He knew very well the hare ran a hundred times faster than he himself did.” “He didn’t have such a wish,” I insisted. “He won the race by perseverance, by pushing on steadily.” Sonny thought a while. “That’s a lie,” he said. “He won it because he was lucky. If the hare hadn’t happened to fall asleep, the tortoise would never have won the race. He could be as steady as you like, or a hundred times
steadier, but he’d never have won the race. That’s for sure.” I gave up. Today’s children are not like what we used to be. They’re just hopeless. 56. The writer argued with his son because ______________. A. he liked tortoises while his son liked hares B. they disagreed about whether the tortoise was foolish C. he tried to teach his son a moral lesson but the son had totally different opinion D. he liked the story of the hare and the tortoise while his son didn’t. 57. Sonny believed that the tortoise ______________. A. won the race by his own hard working C. was not given a fair chance in the race 58. Billy, Tony and Sandy must be_______________. A. boys who were unknown to Sonny’s father C. boys who Sonny has never raced with before B. boys who Sonny has run races with before D. boys who Sonny did not expect to race with again B. took a risk by agreeing to run a race D. in fact did win the race luckily
59. The writer thinks that his generation______________. A. have different ideas about life from Sonny’s generation B. have the same ideas about life as Sonny’s generation C. are more hopeful than Sonny’s generation D. are cleverer than Sonny’s generation 60. According to the passage, who do you think learnt a lesson? ______________. A. The tortoise B. Sonny C. Sonny’s father D. The hare C One morning Sanggat, an eight-year-old pupil of mine, knocked on my door; he was here to help me sweep my quarters. He noticed some thick books neatly arranged on my reading table. Curiously he asked, “Sir, what books are these?” I told him that those were books that I needed to study for an important exam so that I might go to university someday. He frowned （皱眉） because in a remote （=faraway） area where we were, even a bicycle was unheard of. I tried to explain university to him with the help of pictures that looked like a university campus. He was surprised, “But, sir, you are a teacher. Why study?” So we sat down and I told him all about this thing called Education and gave him a pep talk about his chances of becoming someone great in the future. He took one of the thickest one in his hands and upon opening he exclaimed（= shout）, “Now, the words are so tiny and there are millions of them. How can you possibly finish reading it?” I explained to him the importance of learning to read well and to make the best out of the lessons that he was learning at school, and that teachers like me, were specially sent to teach special children like him so that someday they could read great books like the one he was holding. He left my room. Sanggat volunteered to sweep my room every day. And he would never fail to read my books, each time adding a little commentary（解释，评论） of his own about them in the Iban language（伊班人的语言）. I didn’t realize the effect my words had on him until the day I slipped into the river and broke my neck. I was to be paralyzed（瘫痪）from my shoulders downward for the rest of my life. I was carried into a speedboat and transported back to civilization. As I lay motionless and exhausted, I noticed that the whole school had gathered by the riverside to bid me farewell. A gaze at their faces told me that I was going to miss them. Then, as the engine of the speedboat started to roar, there was a little commotion by the river. I could see Sanggat making his way to the boat. With tear-filled eyes he approached（= came near） and in between sobs（抽泣） he asked, “Sir, are you coming back? Perhaps not?” Then after a short pause he said, “Sir, if you cannot come back, I’ll see you in the
university, ya?” My heart was greatly touched and as the boat moved away, I realized … … 61. When I told Sanggat I was studying for a university someday, he frowned because _________ A. a university was very far away from where they lived. B. he didn’t think I would succeed in going to college. C. we were in a poor area and I couldn’t afford a university. D. he didn’t understand what a university was 62. From the passage we know that _________________. A. a teacher needn’t study further C. reading is the only way to succeed A. take good care of me C. read my books and learn B. Sanggat was encouraged to be great D. a thick book is impossible to finish B. have a warm talk with me D. leave a good impression on me
63. Sanggat volunteered to sweep my room every day in order to ____________.
64. What Sanggat asked me in Paragraph 6 suggests Sanggat _______________. A. didn’t want his teacher to leave and was a determined boy. B. decided to go to a university by himself without the teacher. C. would go to a university even if the teacher couldn’t be back. D. promised that he would visit his teacher in the university. 65. In the end of the paragraph, the author realized that ________________ A. Nobody but teachers lay great influence on the students in their life. B. Pleasures between teachers and students are from books and going to college. C. Student can only achieve their dream of being great with the help of teachers. D. Teachers must never fail to take time explaining positive lessons to students. 第二节：把 C 篇中下划线的五个句子翻译成汉语。 66. He frowned（皱眉） because in a remote（=faraway） area where we were, even a bicycle was unheard of. 67. I explained to him the importance of learning to read well and to make the best out of the lessons that he was learning at school, and that teachers like me, were specially sent to teach special children like him so that someday they could read great books like the one he was holding. 68. And he would never fail to read my books, each time adding a little commentary （解释， 评论）of his own about them in the Iban language. 69. With tear-filled eyes he approached （= came near） and in between sobs （抽泣） he asked, “Sir, are you coming back? Perhaps not?” Then after a short pause he said, “Sir, if you cannot come back, I’ll see you in the university, ya?” 70. My heart was greatly touched and as the boat moved away, I realized … …
2014 级高一英语能力检测答案 (2015-4-11) 听力： 1—5 CCABA 语法填空： 21. a 26. beauty 完形填空： 31-50 BDACD 6—10 CBAAA 11—15 CABAC 16—20 BCBBC
22. who /that 27. colorful
23.your 28. longer
24. on 29. have opened
25. to feel 30. with
阅读理解： 第一节：51-55 ADBCA 56-60 CDBAC 61-65 DBCAD 第二节：Possible translation 66. He frowned（皱眉） because in a remote（=faraway） area where we were, even a bicycle was unheard of. 他皱着眉，因为在我们所在的偏远地区，甚至自行车都没听说过。 67. I explained to him the importance of learning to read well and to make the best out of the lessons that he was learning at school, and that teachers like me, were specially sent to teach special children like him so that someday they could read great books like the one he was holding. 我向他解释学着多读书和充分运用他在学校所学知识的重要性， 还向他解释说像我这样的 老师们被特别派来教像他一样的特殊孩子们，是为了将来的某一天，他们能够看懂像他现在手 上拿着的书一样的巨著。 68. And he would never fail to read my books, each time adding a little commentary（解释，评论） of his own about them in the Iban language. 而他从不会不趁机读我的书，每一次还用伊班人的语言加上一点自己的评论。 69. With tear-filled eyes he approached （= came near） and in between sobs （抽泣） he asked, “Sir, are you coming back? Perhaps not?” Then after a short pause he said, “Sir, if you cannot come back, I’ll see you in the university, ya?” 眼里蓄满泪水，他走过来，抽泣间隙他问道， “老师，你还会回来吗？可能不会吗？”停了 一会儿，然后又说， “老师，如果你不能回来，我将在大学和你见面，好吗？” 70. My heart was greatly touched and as the boat moved away, I realized … … 我的心被深深地触动了，当船驶离时，我意识到…
I moved to a new neighborhood two months ago. In the house with a large 33 why he did not park it in the garage. Then one day I learnt that he had another car in his garage. In the afternoon he would come home work, leave his taxi and go out for his 35 affairs in his other car, not in his taxi. I felt it was a 36 . to be outside one evening two weeks I was curious to see his personal car but did not make it until I 37 34 31 across the road lived a taxi 32 his taxi on the road. I
driver, a single parent with two school-aged children. At the end of the day, he would
38 , when the garage door was 39 and he drove out in his “own” car: a Rolls-Royce（劳斯莱斯）! It shook me completely 40 I realized what that meant. You see, he was a taxi driver. But 41 inside, he saw himself as something else: a Rolls-Royce owner and a（n） 42 . He drove others in his taxi but himself and his children in his Rolls-Royce. The world looked at his taxi and 43 him a taxi driver. But for him, a taxi was just something he drove for a living. Rolls-Royce was something he drove for a (n） 44 . We go to bed every night and professors. We go for a 45 every morning as parents or children, not as bankers, CEOs or 47 . We love life as it is. Yet often, we 46 as close friends or go for a vacation as a
base our entire happiness and success on how much bigger and better a 48 we have. And we ignore our Rolls-Royce, by 49 it dusty in our garage. We should focus more on 31. A. window 32. A. park 33. A. knew 34. A. for 35. A. business 36. A. waste 37. A. appeared 38. A. later 39. A. broken 40. A. once 41. A. far 42. A. driver 43. A. called 44. A. experience 45. A. stay up 46. A. competition 47. A. family 48. A. garden 49. A. giving 50. A. who B. garage B. stop B. understood B. out of B. national B. gift B. intended B. more B. fine B. before B. deep B. engineer B. made B. earning B. wake up B. performance B. company B. garage B. keeping B. what C. door C. check C. asked C. without C. personal C. wonder C. expected C. ago C. shut C. when C. long C. father C. elected C. life C. stay home C. debate C. team C. car C. driving C. which 50 we are than what we do! D. yard D. repair D. wondered D. from D. public D. must D. happened D. before D. open D. until D. little D. son D. turned D. work D. go home D. party D. whole D. taxi D. parking D. where
BADDC ADADC BCACB