(模块七 · 高二下学期)
The first underground in the world
课文 信息的基础上，感知、领悟、操练和 运用单词及短语。
What information did you get about the London Underground from the text? introduction development unusual functions reasons
The brief introduction to the London Underground
Welcome to the London Underground, or as usually known, it is ________ the Tube.
distinction of being the It has the _________ complex underground oldest and most _______ system in the world. (L2)
1. The school makes no distinction between male and female students.
2. No one today doubts Yao Ming is a basketball player of distinction.
Why do we call it the most complex underground system? Many different parts are closely connected.
Can you guess what the detective is saying to himself? My God, the case is so _________! complex
The reasons for building the underground system
Why did they build such a complex underground system instead of using trains or other vehicles?
Most trains into London only went to the outer city. Because building railway tracks into the city would have damaged many old building.
If the railway tracks ____ had ____ been built into the city, they would have caused damage to many historic building. So trains only went to the places far away from the city. that are _____
Horse-drawn buses, trams, cabs and carriages were used to convey people to and around the city centre. (L5)
Would you please find another word to replace “convey”? 1. All this information can be conveyed in a simple diagram. expressed
2. Your luggage will be conveyed to the hotel by taxi. carried
Unfortunately, the number of vehicles on the road caused unbelievable traffic jams ________, and the road became so busy that no one could travel anywhere. (L7) A situation where it is difficult or impossible to move because there are many cars. This traffic problem led to the development of the underground system.
the development of the underground system
The British government gave 1854 approval for the construction by the Metropolitan Railway Company. The construction is officially accepted by the government. However, new trains had to be developed and the plan required raising a large amount of postponed until 1860. money, so the digging was _________ delay, put off digging until 1860. So the company postponed _______ ________
beginning The initial tunnels were opened.
Passengers were transported in carriages without windows, which were pulled through the narrow tunnels by steam engines..
Because of the smoke from the steam engines, early underground lines needed large holes leading to the surface at regular intervals, so that people could get fresh air and would not choke. (L21) the same distance between from each other 窒息 She choked to death on a fish bone. 哽咽 “I can’t bear it,” he said in a choked voice.
The garden is choked with weeds. 阻塞，充满
In 1868, the next section of the part underground system was opened in the south of London by another company called the Metropolitan District Railway..
In 1884, the Metropolitan Railway Company and the Metropolitan District Railway linked up and provided the underground service. This later became the Circle Line. (L20)
the Metropolitan Railway Company connected the Metropolitan District Railway
Would you please answer the following questions with the phrase “link up”?
1. Facing the financial crisis, what should small companies do to reduce the competition? 2. What do the policeman usually do with the clues when looking into the case? 3. What’s the purpose of this organization?
What else happened in 1884? As better procedures for digging tunnels were developed, the first railway tunnel under the River Thames was dug in 1884. These new ways of digging accelerated the pace of the London Underground’s development. (L24)
The advanced ways of digging tunnels made the development of the London Underground _______ faster than expected.
The Ferrari Mondial can __________ accelerate from 0 to 60mph in 6.3 seconds.
It is famous for its excellent ___________. acceleration New technology accelerated the __________ development of car industry.
In 1890, the City and South London Railway opened the first electric underground railway. Over the next twenty-five years, six independent deep underground lines were made. have, own Traveling on these lines was not convenient, as each line was possessed by a different company, and many were very far from each other.
Different company is in possession of each line.
Each line is in different company’s possession.
Traveling on these lines was not convenient, as each line was possessed by a different company, and many were very far from each other.
After Charles Yerkes had seen the situation,
Having seen (see) the situation, a wealthy __________
be responsible for a piece of work get something through effort
American businessman, Charles Yerkes
undertook improving the system by
obtaining ownership of the many different
lines and setting up the Underground
Electric Railways of London. (L30)
the fact of owning sth.
the Underground Electric Railways of London
all the the Metropolitan different bus and Line train lines
were placed under the authority of the board were controlled by the board
During World War II, the underground system had some unusual uses. When London was bombed, many underground served stations functioned as bomb shelter.(L41) What other functions does the underground system have?
After World War II ended in 1945, more people travelled on the underground.
increase in size or scale So the system was enlarged and more lines were added. This included the Victoria Line, which linked with other lines at almost every station.
easy to use helped make the system more user-friendly.
The last line added was the Jubilee Line in 1977, in honour of the twenty-fifth anniversary Elizabeth II becoming the queen.
the popularity of the system
The London underground system is working to transport millions of people as it has done for many years. Three million people travel on the underground every day.
The network includes twelve lines and goes twenty-six miles out of central London. So, why not take a trip on the oldest underground system today? Visit our ticket office and buy one of the travel cards that permit you to travel all over the underground system. allow something to happen,
especially by an official decision
This club does not permit smoking. The security system will not permit you to enter without the correct password.
+ ing form of verb
+ object + to infinitive
What’s the function of this card?
Language in use
Can you use the words learned in the text to say something about the underground system in Nanjing?
distinction, complex, distant, choke, accelerate, permit link up
Finish exercise D on page 52. Finish exercise E on page 53.