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新人教英语词汇句型复习课件必修3 Unit 5 Canada-The True North


Unit 5

必修3 Canada-“The True North”

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要点梳理 ●重点单词

高效梳理·知识备考

1〃minister n.大臣;部长

2〃chat vi. & n.聊天;闲聊

/>3〃scenery n.景色;风景 4〃eastward adv. & adj.向东;向东的;朝东的→westward adv. & adj.(反义词)向西,向西的;朝西的 5〃surround vt. & vi.包围;围绕→surroundings n.(复)周 围的事物;环境→surrounding adj.周围的
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6〃measure vi. & vt.测量;衡量;判定 n.计量制;计量单 位;措施 7〃aboard prep. & adv.在船、飞机、火车或公共汽车上

→board vt. & n.(在/上)船等
8〃within prep.在??之内 9〃border n.边界;国界;边沿 vt. & vi.与??接壤;接近 10〃slight adj.轻微的;微小的→slightly adv.稍微;轻微地

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11〃mix vt. & vi.混合;调配→mixture n.混合(物);混合状 态 12〃confirm vt.证实;证明;批准

13〃wealthy adj. & n.富有的;富人;有钱人 →wealth
n.财富 14〃distance n.距离;远方→distant adj.远的,远方的 15〃broad adj.宽阔的;广泛的 16〃nearby adv.在附近 adj.附近的;邻近的

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17〃tradition n.传统;风俗→traditional adj.传统的 18〃 terrify vt. 使 恐 怖 ; 恐 吓 → terrifying adj.令 人 畏 惧 的 →terrified adj.感到畏惧的→terror n.恐惧→terrible adj.

恐怖的;恐惧的
19〃impress vt.使印象深刻;使铭记→impression n.印象 →impressive adj.给人深刻印象的;感人的

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●重点短语 1〃rather than 与其;不愿

2〃be surrounded by/with 被??包围

3〃settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于
4〃manage to do 设法做 5〃catch sight of 看见;瞥见

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6〃have a gift for 对??有天赋 7〃in the distance 在远处 8〃as far as 远到;直到;至于

9〃at dawn 在黎明,在拂晓
10〃thousands of 成千上万的

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●重点句型 1〃Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to

east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,她们决定先飞
到温哥华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。 2〃It's too bad you can't go as far as Ottawa, Canada's capital.很遗憾你们不能远到渥太华——加拿大的首都。 3 〃 “ We don't leave until this evening , ” said Liu

Qian.“我们直到晚上才动身。”刘倩说道。

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●高考范文 (2009·辽宁卷)

假定你住在一个涉外小区。社区委员会请你帮忙用英文以短
文的形式写一封电子邮件,将周末农家采摘活动的安排传达 给住户。

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要点: 时间:下周六上午8:00至11:00 内容:采摘苹果

报名:办公室,下周四下午5:00前
提示:带帽子、手套,欢迎踊跃参加

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注意: 1〃词数100左右。

2〃可适当增加细节以使行文连贯。
3〃参考词汇:社区 community

_____________________________________________
_____________________________________________

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Ladies and gentlemen,
We are glad to tell you that there will be an apple-picking activity next weekend. Now please let me inform you about some important things. The activity will begin at 8:00 a.m. next Saturday morning, and end at 11:00 a.m. The main

thing we will do is to help farmers pick apples on the farm.
You are welcome to take part in it.

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?

Please come to the community office and apply for it before 5:00 p.m. next Thursday. Remember to take your hats and gloves. I believe you will have a wonderful time. Good luck! The Community Union

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考点探究 互动探究·能力备考

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Ⅰ.词汇短语过关 1〃surround vt.&vi.包围,环绕,围绕 surrounding adj.周围的 surroundings n. (pl.)环境

be surrounded with/by... 被??环绕/包围
in a surrounding area 在周围地区 be situated/located in very pleasant surroundings 位于优美的环境中

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is ___________ [即学即练1](1)The Los Angeles Basin ______ surrounded on by ______ three sides ______ high mountains.

洛杉矶盆地三面都是高山。 the __________ (2)The peasants are allowed to cultivate ______ surrounding land ______.允许农民耕种周围的土地。
in (3)Animals in a zoo are not living ______ their natural surroundings ____________.动物园里的动物们不是生活在自然环境之中。

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2〃measure n. [U] 量度,测量,尺寸;[C]措施
vt.&vi.测量,丈量,计量 make clothes to one‘s own measure 量体裁衣 by measure 按尺寸 take measures (steps) to do sth.采取措施 beyond measure 无法估量,极度,过分 be measured in 以??来计算

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[即学即练2](1) We must ______ ____________ measures to take necessary _________ solve these problems one by one. 我们必须采取必要的措施逐个解决问题。 (2) This room ___________ 6 metres by 4. measures

这个房间有6米长,4米宽。
(3)Did you __________ the distance between those two measure development areas?

你们测量了那两个开发区之间的距离了吗?

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3〃within prep. 在??之内;不越出 within reach 够得着 within sight 在视线范围内 within one‘s power 力所能及

within an hour 一小时内
within call 在附近;随叫随到 within reason 理智地;合理地

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within seven [即学即练3](1)You should receive a reply ______ ______

days ______.你会在七天内收到答复。
(2)It wasn't within ______ ______ to help her. ______ my power 帮助她并非我力所能及的事。

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4〃border n. 边界;国界;边沿 vt. &vi. 与??接壤;接近 a border town 边境城市 the border of the lake 湖边 on the border of 将要,接近于,在??的边界上 border on sth. 接近某物,毗邻某物;几乎相同;近似

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[即学即练4](1)France ________ Germany ______ parts of the borders along Rhine.法国沿莱茵河部分河段与德国接壤。 (2)She felt an anxiety ___________ ______ hysteria. bordering on

她感觉到一种近乎歇斯底里的焦虑。
(3)The large garden ______ __________ ______ a stream. bordered by is 大花园紧临着一条小溪。

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5〃confirm vt. 证实,确认,批准,确定
confirmation n. 证实,证明,确定,证明书 confirmed adj. 已被证实的;确定的 confirm a rumour 证实传闻 confirm a theory 证实一种理论

confirm the time of arrival 确定到达的时间
confirm one‘s belief 坚定信念 confirm a project 批准某个项目 confirm a contract 批准合同 confirm sb. in office 批准??上任
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his theory confirmed [即学即练5](1)The experiment _________ _________ ______.

那实验印证了他的理论。 confirmed (2)The President _________ that he would visit Japan the
following month.总统证实他将于下个月访问日本。 confirmed my decision (3)Their advice __________ ______ ______. 他们的劝告更加强了我的决心。

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6〃distance n. 距离;远方;遥远;疏远 与??疏远 distant adj. 遥远的;远处的;久远的

v. 不介入;

at a distance 隔一段距离;距离稍远
in the distance 在远方 out of distance from 离??太远,达不到 keep sb. at a distance 对??冷淡,与??疏远 keep one‘s distance from 与??保持距离 distance yourself from 不介入;与??疏远

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[即学即练6](1)I don't know ______ _________(距离) from the distance Beijing to Shanghai. (2)The hospital is ______ ______ (不远) at all. not distant (3)The oil painting looks better ______ ______ ______(远看起 at a distance 来). (4)______ ______ ___________(从远处),I would see them From a distance waving their hands.

(5)I can see a light ______ ______ _________(在远处). the in distance

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7〃terrify vt. 使恐怖,使惊吓,恐吓

terrified adj. 惊恐的;恐怖的
terrifying adj. 可怕的;令人恐怖的 terrible adj. 可怕的,恐怖的,极坏的 terribly adv. 极端地,非常地 terror n. 恐惧,恐怖 terrify sb.=frighten sb. 使某人害怕 be terrified of 害怕 terrify sb. into doing sth. 吓得某人做某事

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[即学即练7](1)The sudden sound _________ the child. terrified 突如其来的声音吓住了那孩子。 (2)They ______terrified________ his sudden appearance. were ______ by/at 他突然出现,把他们吓了一跳。

(3)The child ______terrified______ being scolded. ______ of is
那孩子害怕挨骂。 (4)She ______ _________ ______ crying.她被吓哭了。 was terrified into

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8〃impress v.给??留下印象;压抑 impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的;感人的

impression n.印象,感想

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impress sb. with sth. impress sth. on/upon sb. (one's mind/memory) 给某人留下??印象 be impressed by/with/at 欣赏;受感动

What impresses (ed) sb. most is/was...
给某人印象最深的是?? an impressive story 感人的故事 make/leave a good (bad) impression on sb. give a good (bad) impression to sb.给某人留下 好(坏)的印象
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[即学即练8](1)The girl __________ her friend ______ her impressed with sense of humour.这个女孩的幽默感给她的朋友留下了深刻的 印象。 (2)He ___________ the importance of their work ______ them. impressed on 他让他们明白他们工作的重要性。 (3)We were most ____________ ___________ your efficiency. impressed by/at/with 你的工作效率很高,我们极为钦佩。

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9〃settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于 settle (down) to sth. 开始注意某事物 settle on/upon 决定;同意(某事) settle up 付清欠账;结清账单

settle in 迁入
settle a quarrel 解决争端 That settles it! 那就解决了!

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[即学即练9](1)I want to get married and ________ ________. down settle 我想结婚后定居下来。 (2)He has settled ______ ______ farming. ______ down to

他已安心从事农业。
(3)The chairman tried to ______ the audience ______. settle down 主席设法使听众安静下来。

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10〃manage to do 设法成功做
manage to do sth.= succeed in doing sth. 设法成功做某事

can/could manage without=go without 应付,将就
can/could manage a few English words/a story 能说几句英语/写故事 manage a shop/factory/business 经营商店/工厂/企业

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[即学即练10](1)He __________ ______organize a live concert. managed to _______ =He succeeded ______ ___________ a live concert. __________ in organizing 他设法成功组织了一次现场直播的音乐会。 (2)I have to _________ ______ 10 dollars till payday. manage with

我得用10块钱支撑到发薪日。
(3)Can you _________ __________ ______? manage another cake 你还能再吃个蛋糕吗?

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11〃catch sight of 看见;瞥见 within/in sight 看得见

out of sight 看不见
at the sight of... 一看到?? at first sight 乍一看;第一眼 lose one‘s sight 失明

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[即学即练11](1)In the garage, I ______ ______ ______ the caught sight of

man who was wanted by the police.
在车库里,我看到了那个被警察通缉的人。 (2)Victory was not yet ______ sight 胜利尚不可预料。 in ______.

(3)Father was happy ______ ______ ______ ______ the car sight of the at after we cleaned it.爸爸看见我们擦过的车非常高兴。

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12〃have a gift for 对??有天赋 have a gift for=be gifted with=have a talent for 对??有天赋 a man of many gifts多才多艺的人

a gifted/talented musician 天才的音乐家

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gift [即学即练12](1)He has ______ ______ ______ for ______ a

learning languages.他有学语言的天赋。 gifted (2)Their daughter is very ______.他们的女儿天分很高。
(3)She can pick up a tune instantly on the piano; it is

a gift ______ ______.
她可以马上学会用钢琴弹一首曲子,这是天分。

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Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1〃Rather than take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,她们决定先飞到温哥 华,再从西海岸乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。

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rather than用做连词,连接两个平行结构,可以表示主观愿

望上的选择,意为“而不是”。rather than 可连接两个代词、
介词、名词、形容词、动名词或不定式,也可连接两个谓语 动词或从句。

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①I think Tom, rather than you, is to blame.
我认为是汤姆,而不是你应受到责备。 ②I‘d prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我宁可八月而不是七月去那儿。 ③I decide to write rather than telephone. 我决定写信而不打电话。 ④The colour seems green rather than blue.

这颜色好像是绿的,不是蓝的。

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拓展:rather than 宁愿??而不愿;与其??倒不如 more than 不仅仅;超过;非常

other than 除了??;不同于
or rather 更确切地说 would rather do...than do... 宁愿??而不愿??

would do...rather than do... 宁愿??而不愿??
prefer to do... rather than do... 宁愿??而不愿??

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提示:“主语+rather than+名词”后面的谓语动词的单复 数与 rather than 前的名词保持一致。

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[即境活用1] harm them. A〃more than

Most people would agree that nuclear science

should be developed to benefit the human beings ______ B.rather than

C〃other than

D.better than

解析:考查习语。由题意“……核科学的发展应是有利于人 类而不是危害人类”可知选B。

答案:B

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2〃It‘s too bad you can’t go as far as Ottawa, Canada‘s capital. 很遗憾你们不能远到渥太华——加拿大的首都。

as/so far as 的用法:
(1)直到??远,远到,直到 ①The children walked as far as the lake. 孩子们一直走到湖边。 ②We can walk as far as the seaside. 我们可以一直走到海边。

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(2)(表示程度、范围)就??;尽??;至于?? ③As far as I know, he is honest.

就我所知,他很诚实。
④I will help you as far as I can. 我会尽可能帮助你。

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拓展归纳:as/so far as sb./sth. is concerned 就某人/物而言 as far as the eye can reach 就眼力所能及 so/as far as I can see 依我看 by far ??得多;最??

so far 至今为止
far from 远非,一点也不 as long as 长达;只要 as much/many as 多达 as high/tall as 高达
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[即境活用2] A〃As long as C〃Just as

(1)______I'm concerned, they have no way of B.As far as D.Even if

keeping away from the danger.

解析:as far as I'm concerned 为固定搭配,意为“就我而 言”。 答案:B

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(2)In the summer months the difference in temperature between the south and the north can be ______ twenty degrees! A〃as much as B.as hot as

C〃as many as

D.as far as

解析:表示温差“多达”用 as much as。 答案:A

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3〃“We don’t leave until this evening,” said Liu Qian.
“我们直到晚上才动身。”刘倩说道。

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until引导时间状语从句 (1)引导时间状语从句时,如果主句的谓语动词是延续性动词, 那么这个主句需用肯定式,表示动作一直持续到until所表示

的时间为止。
(2)引导时间状语从句时,如果主句的谓语动词是非延续性动

词,如go, come, leave, finish等,那么这个主句常用否定式,
表示某一动作到until所表示的时间才发生,构成 not...until“直到??才??”。

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(3)引导时间状语从句时,从句表示的动作如果还没发生,习 惯上也要用一般现在时而不用一般将来时。 (4)在not...until句型结构中,可以把not until提到句首,句子 用倒装语序。 (5)not...until句型的强调句式为It is/was not until...that...。

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(6)以上结构中的until可用做介词,引导时间状语。
①He didn’t know about it until I told him. 倒装句,Not until I told him did he know about it.

强调句,It was not until I told him that he knew about it.
直到我告诉他,他才知道这件事。 ②You may stay here till/until the rain stops. 你可以待在这里,一直到雨停为止。

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[即境活用3] his lessons.

It was not until ______ that ______ to prepare

A〃did his father come in; the boy began B〃his father came in; the boy began C〃did his father come in; did the boy begin D〃his father came in; did the boy begin

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解析:考查not until在强调句中的句法。句型为:It is/was+ not until+s1+v1+其他+that+s2+v2+其他,因此not until后和that后都不需倒装,故选B。 答案:B

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易错点拨 自我完善·误区备考 1. surroundings/condition/environment/circumstances (1)surroundings作为“环境”,常用复数形式,主要指周围

的物质环境。
(2)condition的复数形式conditions可表示“环境,情况”的 意思,但它主要是抽象意义上的。

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(3)environment环境,指大的自然环境,范围比 surroundings大,有时也指人成长的家庭环境,强调环境对

人的感受、道德及观念的影响。
(4)circumstances指人生存的客观环境,还可以指“境地,境 遇”,尤指经济状况。

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[应用1] (1)I’d like to bring up my child in healthy environment __________________. (2)Animals in a zoo are not living in their natural surroundings/environment ____________________. (3)It’s difficult to imagine that you’re working in such conditions poor _______________. circumstances (4)They were in reduced _______________ because of the

crisis.

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2. broad/wide

(1)broad 侧重指幅面的宽广;此外还修饰背、肩、胸等;还
可指人的心胸、胸襟“宽阔、开阔”等。 (2)wide 着重指从一边到另一边的距离;此外还修饰口、眼

睛的“大”。wide还可以做副词,意为“广阔地,广大地”;
副词 widely 意为“广泛地”,是抽象的“广”。

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[应用2] 用 broad/wide 填空 broad (1)He is tall, ______ and muscular. wide (2)She stared at him with ______ eyes. wide/broad (3)The river is 300 feet ______. Broad (4)__________prairies stretch out as far as the eye can see. broad (5)He has a ________ mind.

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3. manage to do/try to do
两者都表示“努力做某事”,但是manage to do表示经过努 力做成了这件事,强调结果,而try to do只强调做出努力, 并不强调结果。

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managed [应用3] (1)Although they were very poor, they ______ to ______ send their sons to school. tried to (2)The man ______ ______ escape but failed.

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高效作业 自我测评·技能备考

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 continents 1〃—How many c___________ are there on the earth? —Seven. surrounded 2〃During the war this village was s_____________ by the enemy and more than 200 people were killed. settled 3〃He went to America in the 1980s and s_________ down

there.
terrified 4〃What she saw t___________ her and she had bad dreams every night after that.

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wealthy 5〃He is a w__________ and kind man. He gives a lot of money to the poor every year. 6〃You run first and I can easily catch up with you ______ within

(在??之内) 50 meters.
border 7〃He tried to flee across the _________ (边境) but was caught. Ministers 8〃The Trade ___________ (部长) from most Asian countries will discuss this problem during the seven-day meeting.

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9〃To avoid the coming storm, the ship drove into the nearest ______________ (海港). harbour slightly 10〃You have drunk ___________ (稍微) too much today.

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Ⅱ .单项选择 1〃The man with a ______ forehead stared at the boy with

______ eyes.
A〃broad; wide C〃broad; broad 答案:A 解析:第一空“宽宽的额头”,用 broad修饰;第二空“眼 睛大”,用 wide。 B.wide; broad D.wide; wide

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2〃(2010·襄樊五中)Evidence obtained from observation and experiment is often used to ______ a scientific theory. A〃confirm C〃conclude 答案:A B.claim D.calculate

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解析:考查动词辨析。confirm证实;claim声称,断言; conclude得出结论;calculate计算,估计。依语意:由观察 和实验得出的证据通常被用来证实科学理论,可知A项正确。

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3〃From this ______ look, we could see the boy was ______
of the stranger. A〃terrified; terrified C〃terrifying; terrified B.terrifying; terrifying D.terrified; terrifying

答案:A 解析:第一空用 terrified 修饰 look 表示“由于恐惧而表现 出的表情”;第二空 be terrified of “害怕”。

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4〃—Are you worried about her safety? —Just ______. She isn‘t alone. A〃entirely C〃generally 答案:D B.gradually D.slightly

解析:考查副词。由上下文可知“她不是一个人”,所以 “只稍微地有点儿担心”。

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5〃______of the village ______ two small lakes.
A〃The east; lie C〃The east; lies 答案:D 解析:考查方位句式:lie (to the) east of...。状语前置,句 子倒装,主语是 two small lakes, 故选D。 B.East; lies D.East; lie

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6〃(2009·哈尔滨九中)The tree over there is so tall that I suppose it ______ nearly twenty meters.

A〃measures
C〃measure

B.is measured
D.to be measured

答案:A 解析:measure 表示“测量有(多长/宽/高)”时,无被动语态, 后接具体数量。

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7〃After all the passengers went______, the ship set sail. A〃on the board C〃aboard 答案:C 解析:go aboard=go on board 上船(飞机、车)等。 abroad 是“在国外的”的意思 B.on the boards D.abroad

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8〃—When do we need to pay the balance? —______ September 30.

A〃At
C〃During 答案:B

B.By
D.Within

解析:考查介词。by“到……为止”合题意,即“到9月30 号前”。

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9〃The earthquake survivor, who was an old lady of more

than eighty,______to live without food and water for nearly
two weeks and was helped out in the end. A. kept B. tried

C. managed
答案:C

D. succeeded

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解析:keep后一般接动名词而非不定式做其宾语,succeed 后接 in doing sth.。由句意可知,这位老太太已获救,故排 除B。try to do sth.表示“设法(努力)做某事”,但不一定成 功。

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10〃If you are able to talk to a friend over the telephone, you feel that you are close ______ the actual distance is not shortened. A〃even if B.so long as

C〃if
答案:A

D.as

解析:句意:如果你能和朋友在电话中交谈,你会感觉到你 们的距离很近,即使实际距离并没有缩短。

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11〃At the meeting, the people were ______ by the kindness and natural beauty of his mother in spite of the scar. A〃impressed C〃excited 答案:A B.surprised D.comforted

解析:句意为:“虽然他母亲脸上有伤疤,但在会议上她的 善良以及天然的美给人们留下了深刻的印象”。

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12〃______by a group of children, the old man went on with the story.

A〃Surrounded
C〃To be surrounded

B.Surrounding
D.Being surrounded

答案:A 解析:考查非谓语动词。主语 the old man与 surround 存 在被动关系,故用过去分词做状语。

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13〃(2010·河北辛集中学一模)Sichuan Province, ______ in southwest China and ______ an area of 485 000 kilometers, is

one of the largest and most inaccessible provinces in China.
A〃located; covered C〃located; covering 答案:C B.locating; covering D.locating; covered

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解析:考查非谓语动词。第一空需要用过去分词,该处作定 语,相当于which is located;第二空后有宾语an area of 484 000 kilometers, cover的逻辑主语又是句子的主语,所以用现 在分词形式。

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14〃—My mathematics is very poor. —Don‘t worry. I’ll help you ______ I can. A〃as far as C〃as quickly as B.as soon as D.as possible as

答案:A

解析:as far as I can 意为“尽我所能”。

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15〃(2010·南昌二中)A few years ago the belief became general ______ orange juice and milk should never be drunk at the same meal. A〃which C〃and that 答案:B B.that D.what

解析:that引导同位语从句,解释说明先行词the belief。 这句话把同位语从句放在了谓语动词之后,是为了平衡句子, 免得头重脚轻。

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Ⅲ .完形填空 As Christmas is coming,there are presents to be bought, cards to be sent,and rooms to be cleaned.Parents are__1__ with difficult jobs of hiding presents from curious young

children. If the gifts are large, this is sometimes a real __2__.
On Christmas Eve, young children find the excitement almost unbearable.

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They are torn between the wish to go to bed early so that Father Christmas will bring their presents quickly and the

wish to__3__up late so that they will not__4__ the fun.The
wish for gifts usually proves stronger.But though children go to bed early, they often lie __5__ for a long time,hoping to get a short__6__ at Father Christmas.

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Last Christmas,my wife and I__7__ hid a few large presents in the storeroom.I feared the __8__ when my son,Jimmy,

would__9__me where that new bike had come from,
but__10__he did not see it. On Christmas Eve,__11__ took the children hours to go to sleep.It must have been nearly __12__ when my wife and I went quietly into their room and began __13__ stockings(袜

子) .

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Then I pushed in the__14__ I bought for Jimmy and left it beside the Christmas tree.We knew we would not get much sleep that night,for the children were __15__ to get up early.

At about five o'clock the next morning, we were__16__ by
loud sounds coming from the children's room—they were shouting excitedly!__17__I had time to get out of bed,

young Jimmy came riding into the room on his new bike,
and his sister,Mary,followed close behind pushing her new baby carriage.

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__18__ the youngest baby arrived. He moved __19__ the hands and knees into the room dragging a large balloon

behind him. Suddenly it burst.That woke us up __20__ .
The day had really begun with a bang(巨响)!

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1〃A.faced
C〃filled 2〃A.question C〃problem 3〃A.get C〃stand 4〃A.bring C〃miss

B.met
D.pleased B.matter D.business B.stay D.wake B.break D.leave

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5〃A.awake

B.wake

C〃asleep
6〃A.look C〃glare

D.sleep
B.stare D.watch

7〃A.hopefully
C〃gladly 8〃A.day C〃week

B.busily
D.successfully B.moment D.month

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9〃A.answer C〃ask

B.tell D.search

10〃A.sadly
C〃possibly 11〃A.it C〃I 12〃A.morning

B.unluckily
D.fortunately B.they D.we B.midnight

C〃evening

D.daybreak

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13〃A.filling
C〃mending 14〃A.card C〃bike 15〃A.afraid

B.sewing
D.preparing B.stocking D.tree B.sure

C〃surprised
16〃A.troubled C〃woken

D.excited
B.frightened D.shocked

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17〃A.Before
C〃Unless 18〃A.Even C〃So 19〃A.with C〃over 20〃A.all C〃happily

B.Because
D.Since B.But D.Ever B.on D.by B.nearly D.completely

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95

答案及解析: 1. A。从空格后difficult jobs of推测意思为be faced with“面

临”, 此处搭配应用被动语态。
2. C。想把大型的礼物藏起来不是一件容易的事情。 question“疑问”,matter“麻烦,毛病”,business “商业,

买卖”,均不符合句意。
3. B。stay up late 意为“熬夜”。

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4. C。平安夜孩子们通常呆着不睡,等待享受圣诞老人送礼 物的喜悦。 5. A。尽管孩子们早早上床,因为想看到圣诞老人,会长时 间睡不着。

6. A。stare at“瞪着眼睛看”,glare at“怒目而视”,
watch是及物动词,后面不能接at。 7. D。由文章得知作者去年成功地给了孩子们一个大惊喜。

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8. B。上文已说大的礼物难藏,作者把自行车放在储藏室, 最担心的是被孩子们发现,而不是喜欢。C、D不符合句意。 9. C。如果孩子看到礼物,肯定会问礼物从哪儿来。 10. D。从空格后he did not see it 及这次给孩子的惊喜可推知

答案。
11. A。it做形式主语。

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12. B。首先排除不符合句意的A、D,再从we knew we would not get much sleep...,及At about five o‘clock the next morning ,we were...得到提示。 13. A。根据圣诞老人总是把礼物塞在孩子的袜子里面的传说, 应选fill。 14. C。从下文Jimmy came riding into the room on his new

bike可知为Jimmy买的礼物是自行车。

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99

15. B。根据父母的了解,孩子盼望礼物心切, 肯定会起得
很早,其他三个选项不够准确。 16. C。孩子发现礼物的吵闹声不会使人害怕或反感,只会把 人吵醒。 17. A。before引导的时间状语从句为“还未来得及??, 就??”。 18. A。even 用来加强语气。

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19. B。on the hands and knees 意为“用手和膝盖爬行”。
20. D。作者和妻子刚睡不久就被孩子吵醒,这时气球被玩爆 了,一声巨响让他们彻底醒来,这爆炸声也预示喜庆的一天 开始了。

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101

Ⅳ.短文改错 Dear Ralph, I'm a senior student. I have be in love with a boy for three

be→been 1.______
years. But he is a shy boy, so I wrote him a letter firstly

firstly→first 2.______
to express my feeling. And he wrote back. In his letter

feeling→feelings 3.______
he said, “We are students. Our task is study. Let us wait

study前加to 4.______
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to see until we have any chance after graduation.” So until→ 5.______if / whether after graduation I telephoned to him, asking him about 去掉to 6.______ go→going go out. But he said he didn't want to. He just 7.______ watched→watch wanted to sleep and watched TV. 8.______ What do you think I should do? Do you think I should continue to love him and give up? √ 9.______ and→or 10.______

Sheila
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