一、动词不定式表目的，如： I went to the post office to mail a letter. 注意：强调动词不定式表示目的时，动词不定式可用 in order to 或 so as to + 动词原形。so as to 不用于句首。 1： （2011 四川， 11）Simon made a big bamboo box th
e little sick bird till it could fly. (keep) Simon 做了一个大竹箱为了养这只生病的小鸟直到它会飞为止。 2： （2011 重庆，29）More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced food safety. (raise) 在政府官员看来，我们应该制作更多的电视节目来引起人们对食品安全的关注。 3： （要想成为赢家 be） ，you need to give all you have and try your best. 4：— why are the students working so hard these days? — (准备即将到来的入学考试 prepare) 5 ： With Father’s Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank (为父亲买些礼物 buy) 6：I was going along the street (找个地方 look) to park when the audient occurred 二、某些形容词作表语表示喜、怒、哀、乐时，其后常跟不定式。如： 1、I am so sorry to hear that your mother is ill. 2、He was angry (把他一个人留下来 leave) 3、I’m very glad (在这儿又见到了你 meet) 4、I’m so sorry (让你等这么长时间 keep) 5、you were silly (没锁上你的车 lock)after you got out of it. 6、 （2010 辽宁，25）We the temple still in its original condition. (astonish) 发现寺院仍处于原始的状态，我们感到非常震惊。 三、only to do 常表示意想不到或不愉快的结果。 1：He hurried to the booking office only that all the tickets had been sold out. (tell) 他匆忙地去售票处，结果却被告知所有的票都卖完了。 2：All too often, women complain that they’re educated as equals, （结 果在职场上却被认为低人一等 treat) 3: We rushed to the football court, a sign on which were written periodic maintenance (却只看见 see) 四、作定语的不定式如果是不及物动词，或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的 地点、工具等，不定式后面须有相应的介词。如： 1、The Browns have a comfortable house to live in. 2、There is nothing to worry about. 3、please give me a knife to cut with. 4、Here is some paper for you to write on. 5、 （2010 湖北卷，75）After she completes the project, she’ll have . (worry) 完成这项工程后，她将没什么要担心的。 五、如果一个名词有序数词、最高级或 no, all, any 等修饰或限制时要用不定式如：
1、He was （做这份工作的最佳人选 do）. 2、She was the first woman (在奥运会上获得金牌的 win) 3、Women and children were the first (进入救生艇的 get) 4、She is always (第一个来，最后一个离开办公室的人 come, leave) 六、常见的要加不定式作宾语的动词有： decide / determine, learn, want, expect / hope / wish refuse, manage, care, pretend, offer, promise, choose, plan, agree, ask / beg, help, afford, strive 例如： 1、She pretended not to see me when I passed by. 2、We agreed to meet here but so far she hasn’t turned up yet. 3、In order to gain a bigger share in the international market, many state-run companies are striving to make their products more competitive. 4、 （2011 上海，40）Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing ? but we the art of communicating face-to-face. (seem) 今天我们有聊天室、短信、邮件等，但是好像我们正在逐步丧失面对面交流的艺术。 5、Generally, we enjoy our friends’ company, but there are occasions when we hope (不受打扰)for a white cleave) 动词不定式作动词 tell, show, understand, explain, teach, learn, advise, discuss, ask, decide, wonder, find out 等词的宾语时，常有 wh-引导词，即 how, what, whether, where, when, who 等 + to do。 注意此用法的不定式的逻辑主语需与主句的主语或宾语保持一致， 否则用宾语从句。 例如： 1、He showed us how to do the work. ( = He showed us how we should do the work.) 2、I don’t know what to do. ( = I don’t know what I’ll do.) 3、 （四川卷）He told us was still under discussion. (whether) 他告诉我们，是否去野餐还在讨论中。 动词不定式在介词 but, other than 后面时，如果介词之前有行为动词 do 的某种形式，那么 介词后的不定式不带 to，否则就要带 to。另外在 can’t choose but, can’t help but, can’t but 后面的 不定式也要省略 to。如： We could do nothing but / other than wait. We had nothing to do but / other than wait. We have no choice but to wait. I can’t choose but laugh. 1、敌军别无选择只得向我们投降(give) 2、Sandy could do nothing (只得向老师承认 admit)that he was wrong. 3、德拉看来没有别的可做了只好躺在沙发上哭泣。 （drop） to do to be done to have done to have been done to be doing 失踪了( miss) since the
七、sb/sth is said/reported/believed/known/thought /considered+
1、Police are now searching for a woman who is reported flood hit the area last Friday. 2、The mudslide is reported (夺去)more than 1400 lives in zhouqu county (claim) 3、 China is known in terms of its cultural values over the past few years (巨大变化
change) 4、—Is Bob still writing his novel? —yes, he is said this morning, but I don’t know if he has finished it. 5、The flu is believed (由病毒引起 cause)that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat. 6、Heat is considered (一种能量 be) 八、不定式作形式主语 It’s (kind /good/ nice/ (un) wise/ clever/ silly /wrong /foolish /rude/ impolite) of sb to do It’s necessary / difficult/ impossible/important for sb to do
非谓语动词之 V-ing 形式
V-ing 可分为两种，一是动名词，另一个是现在分词。 动名词具有名词的一些特征，在句中可作：主语、宾语、表语、定语等；现在分词具有形 容词和副词特征，在句中一般可作定语、状语、补语和表语。 一、基本形式： 现在 及 物 动 词 write 不及物动词 go 分词 主动形式 被动形式 主动形式 writing being written going 一般式 having written having been written having gone 完成式 否定式：not + V-ing (如：writing/being written/having written / having been written) 二、用法总结：
一. 动名词作主语和表语 动名词表示抽象的或具有普遍性的行为，不定式表示某一次具体的行为。 Seeing is believing. (但现代英语也可以：To see is to believe.) Swimming is a good sport. (抽象) To swim is good for today. (具体) My job is teaching English. (抽象) Your job is to clean the window now. (具体) 二. 作宾语 1. can’t help doing 禁不住 want / need/deserve doing = want / need/deserve to be done Your hair needs cutting. / Your hair needs to be cut. 2. 只能跟动名词作宾语的动词有： enjoy; finish; suggest; advise; imagine; mind; practise; consider；understand; bear / stand 等。 I enjoy listening to music. I’ve finished doing my homework. He imagined finding a purse in the street. He suggested having a rest. She is practising playing the piano. He is considering going abroad. 3. 接动名词作宾语的短语有： be good at; be proud of; be fond of; look forward to; be devoted to; insist on; be busy doing; be worth doing; feel like doing; be used to doing; succeed in doing 等。 She is proud of being beautiful. He is fond of playing computer games.
I am looking forward to going to the village. I insist on learning English. 4. 接动名词作宾语的重点介词： after; before; on (一… 就…); without 等。 After playing football, we feel tired. Before playing football, we feel excited. On opening my eyes, I found Mother standing by my side. I sometimes go to school without having breakfast. 三．动名词作定语 动名词作定语说明被修饰词的用途；现在分词作定语说明被修饰词本身发出的动作。 drinking water (动名词；饮用水); a drinking horse (现在分词；喝水的马) a reading room; the sitting room; the dinning room; an opening speech; a singing competition; a sleeping pill; a walking stick; Visiting hours are over. 探视时间结束。 四. 动名词复合结构 sb’s doing 1. 作主语 Mary’s being late made the teacher angry. 2. 作宾语（动宾和介宾） Would you mind my / me opening the window? I don’t understand his / him behaving like that. I’m looking forward to my cousin’s / cousin coming. 规则：动名词复合结构作宾语时，可以把 sb’s 简化成 sb, 人称代词用宾格，名词所有 格简化成名词。 3. 逻辑主语是无生命的东西或较长的名词词组，不用所有格形式。 I’m sure of the news being true. (news 无生命) The noise of desks being opened and closed could be heard outside in the street. (desk 无 生命) How about the two of us having a walk? Do you remember Mary and her mother coming to see us? Did you ever hear of a man of good sense refusing such an offer? (有头脑的人) 五．动名词的被动形式 being done After being examined, he left the hospital. He did it without being asked. He didn’t mind being left alone at home. They couldn’t stand being treated like that. He couldn’t bear being laughed at. He hates being called a fool. 六．动名词完成式 having done After having reviewed my lessons, I went to bed. I apologize for not having kept my promise. Excuse me for not having answered your letter earlier. They all blamed him for having done it. 七．动名词的完成被动形式 having been done I don’t remember having been given a chance to try this method. I don’t mind having been written like this. 八．标语 No smoking! No parking! No spitting! No talking in class!
现在分词既具有动词的一些特征，又具有形容词和副词的句法功能。 1、现在分词的主动形式与被动形式 1）现在分词的主动形式：现在分词主动语态的一般式表示与谓语动词所表示的动作同时 发生，完成式表示的动作在谓语动词所表示的动作之前发生，常作状语。例如： They went to the park, singing and talking. 他们边唱边说向公园走去。 Having done his homework, he played basket-ball. 做完作业，他开始打兰球。 2）现在分词的被动形式：一般式表示与谓语动词同时发生的被动的动作，完成式表示发 生在谓语动词之前的被动的动作。 The problem being discussed is very important. 正在被讨论的问题很重要。 Having been told many times, the naughty boy made the same mistake. 被告诉了好几遍， 这个 淘气的孩子又犯了同一个错误。 2、现在分词的两个基本特点。 1） 在时间上表示动作正在进行。 例如： a developing country. 一个发展中的国家， boiling water 沸水， rising sun 冉冉升起的太阳。 2） 在语态上表示主动。例如： the ruling class 统治阶级， the exploiting class 剥削阶级。 3、掌握现在分词的基本功能。 1） 现在分词作定语， 表示正在进行的或主动的动作。 也可以说明被修饰词的性质和特征， 此时可换成相应的定语从句。例如： ①There was a terrible noise following the sudden burst of light. ②He saw a flying bird and raised his bow. ③I was satisfied with the exciting speech. 2) 现在分词作状语时，可作时间、条件、结果、原因和伴随状语，表示正在进行的或主 动的动作。此时分词的逻辑主语就是主句的主语，因此要注意人称、时态和语态的一致性。例 如： ① The visiting minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, adding that he had enjoyed his stay here. ② European football is played in more than 80 countries, making it the most popular sport in the world. ③ Seeing from the top of the hill, we can find that the city looks more beautiful. 3) 现在分词作补足语，表示正在进行的或主动的动作。例如： ①Soon they could see the steam rising from the wet clothes. ②The missing boys were last seen playing near the river. 4) 现在分词的独立主格结构作状语。例如： ①With his lips still trembling, he couldn't say a word. ② Mama! ” he cried suddenly, tears rolling down his cheeks. “妈妈！”他突然哭着喊，泪水从 “ 他的脸上流下来。 ③Weather permitting, we'll go to the Great wall. 如果天气允许的话，我们就去长城。 三、同步训练： 1、_______________ is ________________ than _________________. (say, do) 说比做容易。 2、________________ the train means ______________ another hour. (miss, wait) 误了这班车就意味着再等一个小时。 3、It is no use ____________________________________________ milk. (cry, spill)
作无益的后悔是没有用的。 4、___________________________ makes the rice grow well. (work) 农民努力工作使稻子长得好。 5、I’m sorry for _____________________________ him __________________ for you long. (keep, wait) 对不起，没让他长时间等你。 6、He went to London in the hope of ________________________________________. (be) 他去了伦敦，希望能成为一个著名的画家。 7、_______________________________________, he slipped through the window. (without) 没人注意，他从窗户溜了出去。 8、I don’t like______________________________________ while studying.(disturb) 我们喜欢学习时打扰。 9、These little children require _____________________________________ carefully. (look) 这些小孩需要细心地照料。 10、The ___________boy likes _________________ in the _________________car. (sleep) 这个睡着的男孩总喜欢睡在卧铺车里。 11、They lived in a house ____________________________.(face) 他们住在一所朝南的房子里。 12、 ______________________ the old man, the young people started ___________slowly.(follow, walk) 年轻人跟在老人的后面开始慢慢地走起来。 13、She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, _______________________. (break) 她非常生气，把玩具扔在地上，把它摔成了碎片。 14、After__________________ the exercises, we went on to learn the new words in the next unit.(finish) 做完练习以后，我们继续学习下一单元的单词。 15、__________________________________ by the teacher several times, he gave up smoking.(remind) 老师没有提醒几次，他把烟戒了。 16、Last night the shopkeeper __________________________________ some food in the shop.(catch) 昨晚，店主在商店里抓到一个小孩在偷东西。 17、__________________________________ his accent, he must come from Canada. (judge) 从他的口音看他一定来自加拿大。 18、There _________________________, we had to walk home. (be) 由于没有公汽，我们只好走回家。
非谓语动词之 V-ed 形式
动词的-ed 分词即过去分词，是非谓语动词的一种。过去分词一方面具有动词的性质，另一 方面也相当于一个形容词或副词，在句中可以作表语、定语、状语和补足语。 动词的-ed 分词在句子中所能承担的成分基本与-ing 分词相同， 但在意义上两者有差别： -ing 分词表示主动的意义，而-ed 分词则表示被动的意义；-ing 分词表示一般性的或正在进行的动 作，而-ed 分词则表示已经完成和被动的动作。在表现形式上，-ing 分词有"一般式"和"完成式" 与"主动式"和"被动式"之分；而-ed 分词只有一种形式。
1) 过去分词作表语。主要表示主语的心理感觉或所处的状态。如： She was quite frightened by the sudden noise outside the door. 她被门外突然的吵闹声吓住了 He is quite pleased with the design of the dress. 她很喜欢那礼服的式样。 （注意）过去分词和现在分词作表语的区别：过去分词作表语通常表示主语所处的状态或 感受， 而现在分词作表语多表示主语所具有的特征， Hearing the news, we felt very surprised . 如： 英语中这样的分词还有很多，如：amusing, amused; encouraging, encouraged; disappointing, disappointed; exciting, excited; puzzling, puzzled; satisfying, satisfied; worrying, worried; tiring, tired; pleasing, pleased; interesting, interested; astonishing, astonished 等。 2) 过去分词做定语。单个的过去分词作定语一般放在名词的前面，如： The excited people rushed into the building. 激动的人们奔进了大楼。 We need more qualified teachers. 我们需要更多有资历的教师。 过去分词短语作定语通常放在被修饰的词后面，相当于一个定语从句。如： The suggestion made by the foreign expert was adopted by the manager. （注意） 及物动词和不及物动词的过去分词作定语时语法意义的不同： 及物动词的过去分 词作定语时， 表示一个被动、 已完成的动作， 如： a damaged bridge 一座毁坏的桥， polluted water 污水，spilled milk 泼溅出的牛奶；不及物动词的过去分词作定语时，只表示已完成不表示被 动意义，如： an escaped prisoner 一位越狱犯， a retired lawyer 一位退休律师， the risen sun 升起的太阳。 3) 过去分词做状语。过去分词和现在分词作状语一样，也可以表示时间、原因、条件、 让步、方式或伴随情况等。 ① 表时间，相当于一个时间状语从句，有时过去分词前可加连词 when 或 while 来强调时 间概念，.如：Seen from the top of the hill, the city looked like a big garden. Accepted by the Party, he decided to devote his life to the cause of the Party. ②表原因，相当于一个原因状语从句。如： Deeply moved by the story, the excited people stopped quarrelling with each other. Encouraged by the speech, the young people made up their minds to take up the struggle. ③表条件，相当于一个条件状语从句，有时过去分词前可用 if 等词。如： Given another chance, he will do better.再给他一次机会，他会做得更好。 Compared with your brother, you should make greater efforts to study English. If heated, water can be turned into steam.水如果被加热，会变成水蒸气。 ④表让步，相当于一个 though/although 引导的让步状语从句。如：Exhausted by the running, they went on running after the robber.尽管已经跑得筋疲力尽，他们还是继续追赶着那个强盗。 Laughed at by many people, he continued his study. 尽管被许多人嘲笑，他还是继续他的研 究。 ⑤表方式或伴随情况。如：The old man went into the room, supported by his wife. Seated at the table, my father and I were talking about my job. 【注意】 有些过去分词因来源于系表结构,作状语时不表被动而表主动。 a. 这样的过去分词 及短语常见的有: lost (迷路); seated (坐); hidden (躲); stationed (驻扎); lost / absorbed in (沉溺于); born (出身于); dressed in (穿着); tired of (厌烦)。如： Lost / Absorbed in deep thought, he didn't hear the sound.因为沉溺于思考之中,所以他没 听到那个声音. b. 过去分词作状语时其逻辑主语为主句的主语,此时应注意人称一致. (1) Given another hour, I can also work out this problem. 再给我一个小时，我也能解这道题。(given 为过去分词作状语，它的逻辑主语为主句主语 I ，即 I 被再给一个小时.) (2)Seen from the top of the hill, the city looks more beautiful to us.
从山顶看城市，城市显得更漂亮。(seen 为过去分词作状语，表“被看” ，由语境可知，它 的逻辑主语必须是城市，而不是“我们” ，因为“我们”应主动看城市。) 如果过去分词作状语时,前面再加逻辑主语,主句的主语就不再是分词的逻辑主语,这种带逻 辑主语的过去分词结构实际上属于独立主格结构. (1) The signal given, the bus started. 信号一发出,汽车就开动了.(the signal 是 given 的逻辑 主语,因此主句主语 the bus 就不是 given 的逻辑主语. (2) Her head held high, she went by. 她把头昂得高高地从这儿走了过去.(her head 是 held high 的逻辑主语,因此主句主语 she 就不再是 held high 的逻辑主语.) 4) 过去分词作宾语补足语 (一)能够接过去分词作宾补的动词有以下三类: 1. 表示感觉或心理状态的动词. 如: see, watch, observe, look at, hear, listen to, feel, notice, think 等。 (1) The general manager would like to see the plan carried out by the end of the year. (2) He found his car stolen. 2. 表示“致使”意义的动词。如: have, make, get, keep, leave 等。 (1) I'll have my hair cut tomorrow. (2) He got his tooth pulled out yesterday. (3) Don't leave those things undone. 【注意】过去分词所表示的动作一定和宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系。 3 "with +宾语+过去分词“结构 此结构中, 过去分词用作介词 with 的宾语补足语. (1) The murderer was brought in, with his hands tied behind his back. (2) With water heated, we can see the steam. (3) With the matter settled, we all went home. (4)She stood in front of him, with her eyes fixed on his face. 二、非谓语动词间的区别 1、分词、不定式作宾语补足语的区别 1) 感官动词 see, watch, observe, look at, hear, listen to, notice 等和使役动词 have 后面的宾补有 三种形式，即原形动词（不带 to 的不定式） 、现在分词和过去分词。现在分词表主动或正在进 行，过去分词表被动或完成，动词原形表主动和完成。如： I heard her sing an English song just now. 刚才我听见她唱了一首英文歌。 I heard her singing and English song when I passed by her room yesterday. 昨天经过她房间时，我听见她在唱英文歌。 I heard the English song sung many times. 我多次听到有人唱这首英文歌。 注意：不及物动词的过去分词作宾补表完成和状态。如： I looked down at my neck and found my necklace gone. (状态) I was surprised to find my hometown changed so much. (完成) 2). 动词 have 后所接的三种宾语补语： have somebody/something do something 不定式作补语必须省去 to, 不定式动作由宾语发出，表 示一次性的动作。如： I had the workers do the job for me. 我让工人们替我完成了工作。 Jim often has his father help him with his homework. 吉姆经常让他的父亲帮助做家庭作业。 have somebody /something doing something -ing 分词作补语，分词动作也由宾语发出，强调动 作的延续或正在进行。如： They had the tractor working all the time. 他们让拖拉机一直工作着。
We won’t have the child talking to his mother like that. 我们不能让那个孩子那样对他的妈妈说 话。 have somebody/something done 过去分词作补语，宾语和补足语之间有逻辑上的被动关系，通 常有两种情况： ①主语让别人做某事，强调主语的意志。如： He had his hair cut yesterday. 他昨天理发了。 Later on the center had a great many new trees planted.后来，这个中心让人种了很多树。 ②主语遭到某种不幸或陷入恶劣的环境，说明宾语的一种无意识的被动行为。如： He had his leg broken in the match last month.他在上星期的比赛中摔断了腿。 He had one eye lost in the war. 在战争中，他失去了一只眼睛。 2、过去分词和–ing 分词作表语的区别 过去分词作表语通常表示主语所处的状态或感受， 而-ing 分词作表语多表示主语所具有的特征， 如： Hearing the news, we felt very surprised. 听到那个消息，我们感到很惊讶 The news is very surprising. 这个消息很令人惊讶。 They were frightened to hear the frightening sound. 他们听到那可怕的声音很害怕。 At the sight of the moving scene, all the people present were moved to tears. 看到这么动人的情景，所有在场的人都感动得流下了眼泪。 3、不定式、过去分词和现在分词被动式作定语的区别 这三种形式作定语，主要是体现在动作的发生时间上。过去分词表示的动作或是在谓语所表示 的动作之前发生，或是没有一定的时间性。如： Have you read the novel written by Dickens ? He is man loved and respected by all. Don’t use words, expressions, or phrases known only to people with specific knowledge. 现在分词的被动式作定语时表示的动作正在发生或是与谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生。如： Listen ! The song being sung is very popular with the students. 不定式的被动式作定语时，表示一个未来的动作。如： The question to be discussed at the tomorrow’s meeting is a very important one. 试比较： the bridge to be built 将要建造的桥 （表示将来的动作） the bridge being built 正在建造的桥 （表示正在进行的动作） the bridge built 造好的桥 （表示完成的动作） 4、过去分词和–ing 分词作定语的区别 过去分词作定语和-ing 分词作定语有一定的区别。试比较下面几组短语： boiled water 开水 boiling water 正沸腾的水 developed countries 发展的国家 developing countries 发展中国家 fallen leaves 落叶 falling leaves 正在飘落的叶子 changed condition 改变了的情况 changing condition 变化着的情况 由此可见，过去分词作定语通常表示完成的或被动的动作；而-ing 分词作定语可以表示正在进 行的主动的动作。 5、独立成分作状语 有些分词短语，其形式的选择不受上下文的影响，称作独立成分。常见的有： Generally speaking … 一般说来 Frankly speaking … 坦白地说 Judging from … 根据……来判断 Considering … 考虑到……
To tell you the truth … 说实话 6、非谓语动词的复合结构 1)不定式: for sb to do 2)动名词:形容词性物主代词或名词所有格+ doing sth 3)分词:分词做状语, 它的逻辑主语往往是句子的主语,如果不是,就的带上自己的逻辑主语,构 成独立主格结构,此结构有时也可有 with 引导. Night falling, we hurried home. The question having been settled, they went home. It being very cold, he made a fire. With winter coming, it’s time to buy warm clothes. With the exam to worry about, he decides to revise his notebook carefully. With his homework finished, he went to play basketball. 三、同步训练： 1、He failed ___________________________ by his teammates. (understand) 他未能使他自己被队友理解。 2、__________________________, I would do it better. (give) 如果多给点时间，我会做得更好。 3、____________________________, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. （dress） 当穿上白色的制服，他看起来更像个厨师而不像医生。 4、_______________________, he would throw himself to study and make every effort to do it well. (recover) 一旦康复，他就投入学习中并努力做好。 5、________________________________, he was wet all over. (catch) 由于遇上了一场大雨，他全身湿透了。 6、____________________________, the earth looks blue. ( see) 从太空上看，地球是蓝色的。 7、Thousands of holidaymakers remained ________________due to volcanic ash cloud. (stick) 由于火山灰导致大量的度假者仍然滞留国外。 8、Claire_____________________ before her plane left. ( check) Claire 在飞机起飞前一小时已让人检查了行李。 9、The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if ____________________, can improve our health. 这项实验表明，如果经常进行适量的锻炼就能改善我们的健康。(carry) 10、Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, ______________________________. (compare) 与他的旧房子相比，Michael’s 新房子像是个大宫殿。 11、I’m calling to enquire about the position _______________ _ in yesterday’s China Daily. ( advertise) 我打电话来询问在昨天的《中国日报》上做广告的职位。 12、Tsinghua University, ______________________ , is home to a great number of outstanding figures. (establish) 成立于 1911 年的清华大学，是许多杰出人物的母校。 13、Alexander tried to ___________________________________ in medical field. (recognize) Alexander 试图使他的工作在医学界得到认可。
一、完成句子 1. It was cold and damp; the man pulled up his collar and put his hands to his 脸). (freeze) 2. (destroy) 4. 5. (use) 6. When you are finished with the electric iron, don’t forget 7. states. (win) 8. –You’d better go and --No, I’ll do it myself. (get) 9. They sat together around the table, with 10. order. (translate) 11. More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced 提高人们的关注) over food safety. (raise) 12. Look at the pride on Tom’s face. He seems now. (praise) 13. If they win the final tonight, the team are going to tour around the city by their enthusiastic supporters. (cheer) 14. Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier small pieces. (break) 15. The ability 16. Tsinghua University, figures. (found) 17. More highways have been built in China, one place to another. (make) 18. Simon made a big bamboo box 19. famous. (offer) 20. Mrs. White showed her students some old maps 21. The lady walked around the shops, 22. His first book (从图书馆借来). (borrow) (留意) for bargains. (keep) (装这只生病的小鸟) till it could fly. (keep) (被提供一个重要角色) in a new movie, Andy has got a chance to become (使更容易) for people to travel from (表达观点) is as important as the idea itself. (express) (建立) in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding (弄碎) (接受欢呼) (受到表扬) by the manager just (以 (门关着). (shut) (翻译成英语), the sentence was found to have an entirely different word (把你的轿车洗洗). (关掉它). (turn) (获得奖学金) gave Martin the chance to go to a college in one of the northern (油漆成) red, the building stands out among the rest and looks very attractive. (paint) (不会用) a computer makes it more difficult for him to do his academic research. (把钥匙握在手上), he looked for them everywhere. (hold) (被毁掉) in a fire in 2009. 3. A number of paintings in this castle are believed (冻僵了的
23. 25. Alexander tried to
(看着) my classmates’faces, I read the same excitement in their eyes. (look) (引起) serious flooding in several provinces. (cause) (使他的工作得到认可) in the medical circles. (recognize) (引起极大的担忧) about students’safety at (呈现信息) in a more
24. It rained heavily in the south, 26. The news shocked the public, school. (lead)
27. All of them try to use the power of the workstation effective way. (present) 28. The play 29. I still remember 30. With (change) 31.
(上海) next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture. (produce) (被带去) the Famen Temple and what I saw there. (take) (世界快速变化), we something new to deal with all by ourselves every day. (等待) in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left
the cheque in the car. (wait) 二、（真题回顾）找出近年高考阅读理解中所出现的非谓语动词并说明其用法： 1、Last year was an important turning point: conservationists founded the World Parrot Trust, based at Hayle in Cornwall, to support research into both wild and caged birds. (2009 湖北 B 篇) 2、The men lined up in two lines, walked down the steps, and with the band playing, marched down the street, as returning heroes, to be welcomed home. (2009 湖北 A 篇) 3、Instead the Swiss reinvented the watch, with the aid of millions of pounds’ worth of advertising, as a message about the man wearing it. (2009 湖北 C 篇) 4、A few years ago, Paul Gerner began to gather a group of architects in Las Vegas to ask them what it would take to design a public school that used 50 percent less energy, cost much less to build and obviously improved student learning . (2009 湖北 D 篇) 5、Later-borns don’t enjoy that much talking time with parents, but instead they harvest lessons from bigger brothers and sisters, learning entire phrases and getting an understanding of social concept such as the difference between “I” and “me”. (2012 湖北 D 篇) 6、By not giving yourself time to tune into your wandering mind, you’re missing out on the surprising solutions it may offer. （2012 湖北 E 篇） 7、By 2013,only50%of 1995 levels of waste will be allowed to be sent to landfill．Even if recycling targets are met, there will still be a large amount of rubbish to be burnt up.（2011 湖北 C 篇） 8、 climate change proves to be mild, but cutting carbon causes real pain, we may well find that If we have stopped a nose - bleed by putting a tourniquet（止血带）around our necks． （2011 湖北 D 篇） 9、Already in use in parts of Asia and Europe, NFC allows shoppers to wave their phones a few inches above a payment terminal – a contact – free system built for speed and convenience. But before NFC becomes widely adopted in the U. S., a few problems need to be worked out, like who will get to collect the profitable transaction（交易）fees． （2011 湖北 E 篇）
(出版) next month is based on a true story. (publish)
现在分词同步训练： 1、Saying is easier than doing. (say,do) 说比做容易。 2、Missing the train means waiting for another hour. (miss,wait) 误了这班车就意味着再等一个小时。 3、It is no use crying over spilt milk. (cry,spill) 作无益的后悔是没有用的。 4、Farmers’ working hard makes the rice grow well. (work) 农民努力工作使稻子长得好。 5、I’m sorry for not having kept him waiting for you long. (keep,wait) 对不起，没让他长时间等你。 6、He went to London in the hope of being a famous painter/artist. (be) 他去了伦敦，希望能成为一个著名的画家。 7、Without anyone noticing, he slipped through the window. (without) 没人注意，他从窗户溜了出去。 8、I don’t like being disturbed while studying. (disturb) 我们喜欢学习时打扰。 9、These little children require looking after carefully/to be looked after carefully. (look) 这些小孩需要细心地照料。 10、The sleeping boy likes sleeping in the sleeping car. (sleep) 这个睡着的男孩总喜欢睡在卧铺车里。 11、They lived in a house facing (to/toward the)south. (face) 他们住在一所朝南的房子里。 12、Following the old man, the young people started walking slowly. (follow, walk) 年轻人跟在老人的后面开始慢慢地走起来。 13、She was so angry that she threw the toy on the ground, breaking it into pieces. (break) 她非常生气，把玩具扔在地上，把它摔成了碎片。 14、After having finished the exercises, we went on to learn the new words in the next unit. (finish) 做完练习以后，我们继续学习下一单元的单词。 15、Not having been reminded of by the teacher, he gave up smoking. (remind) 老师没有提醒，他把烟戒了。 16、Last night the shopkeeper caught a child stealing some food in the shop. (catch) 昨晚，店主在商店里抓到一个小孩在偷东西。 17、Judging from his accent, he must come from Canada. (judge) 从他的口音看他一定来自加拿大。 18、There being no buses, we had to walk home. (be) 由于没有公汽，我们只好走回家。
过去分词同步训练 1、He failed to make himself understood by his teammates. 他未能使他自己被队友理解。 2、Given more time, I would do it better. (give) (understand)
如果多给点时间，我会做得更好。 3、Dressed in white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. （dress） 当穿上白色的制服，他看起来更像个厨师而不像医生。 4、Once recovered, he would throw himself to study and make every effort to do it well. (recover) 一旦康复，他就投入学习中并努力做好。 5、Caught in a heavy rain, he was wet all over. (catch) 由于遇上了一场大雨，他全身湿透了。 6、Seen from space, the earth looks like a blue globe. ( see) 从太空上看，地球是蓝色的球。 7、Thousands of holidaymakers remained stuck abroad due to volcanic ash cloud. (stick) 由于火山灰导致大量的度假者仍然滞留国外。 8、Claire had her luggage checked before her plane left. ( check) Claire 在飞机起飞前一小时已让人检查了她的行李。 9、The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if carried out regularly, can improve our health. (compare) 这项实验表明，如果经常进行适量的锻炼就能改善我们的健康。 10、Michael’s new house is like a huge palace, compared with his old one. (compare) 与他的旧房子相比，Michael’s 新房子像是个大宫殿。 11、I’m calling to enquire about the position advertised in yesterday’s China Daily. ( advertise) 我打电话来询问在昨天的《中国日报》上做广告的职位。 12、Tsinghua University, established in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures. (establish) 成立于 1911 年的清华大学，是许多杰出人物的母校。 13、Alexander tried to get his work recognized in medical field. (recognize) Alexander 试图使他的工作在医学界得到认可。