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必修一unit2 知识点讲解加练习


单词拼写: 1. We all hope one day Liu Xiang can break the i____ official record of the 110m hurdles. 2. Mr. Smith lives in the a_______ above us. 3. As a waiter, you should be p______ to every cus

tomers. 4. In the past the g_________ of the country was in the hands of the king. 5. The leaders of China are trying their best to raise the living s________ of the people. 6. In which d________ are you going, north or south? 7. He speaks with a strong southern a_________. 8. He had lost his i_______ card and was being questioned by the police. 9. Visitors are r________ not to touch the paintings. 10. I r________ Peter although I hadn't seen him for 10 years. 11. Everybody laughed, the teacher . 重点短语 1.because of 因为;由于 2.come up 走近;上来;提出 3.at present 现在;目前 4.make use of 利用;使用 5.such as 例如……;像这种的 6.play a part(in) 扮演一个角色;参与 7.even if 即使 8.be based on 以……为基础 知识点 1.command n.[C]命令,指令;[U]掌握 vt.命令;指挥,支配;博得,赢得 at sb.’s command 听某人支配 under one’s command 由……指挥 under the command of sb.在……指挥之下 have(a) command of 掌握;精通(尤指语言) take command of 控制 (be) in command of 掌握,控制 command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事 command that...(should)do... 命令…… In order to have a good________of English,he resigned and went abroad. A.command B.need C.master D.direction He commanded that the students________the classroom before he returned. A.didn’t leave B.wouldn’t leave C.needn’t leave D.not leave 2. request n.& vt. 请求;要求 make (a) request for... 请求;要求…… at sb.’s request=at the request of sb.应某人的要求 by request (of) 照需要;依照请求;应邀 request sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事 request that sb.(should)do sth.请求…… request sth.from/of sb.向某人请求某物 It is requested that... 据要求…… I’m sorry that I cannot accept your________to attend your birthday party, Linda, because I’m ________to answer all the customers’ letters tonight by my boss. A.requirement;required B.demand;requested C.request;asked D.request;required Don’t respond to any emails_____ personal information,no matter how official they look.
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A.searching B.asking C.requesting D.questioning I shouldn’t have accepted the man’s present,but I found it difficult to turn down his________. A.offer B.request C.suggestion D.plan 常用虚拟语气的动词口诀: 一坚持(insist),二命令(order,command),三建议(advise,suggest,propose),四要求(ask,demand,request, require) 3. recognize vt. 辨认出;承认 recognize sb./sth.by/from... 根据……认出某人/某事(物) be recognized to be/as... 被认作……/被认为是…… It is recognized that... 人们公认…… recognition n.认识;认出 out of/beyond recognition 认不出来 —Oh,it’s you.I________you. —I’ve just had my hair cut and I’m wearing new glasses. A.didn’t recognize B.hadn’t recognized C.haven’t recognized D.don’t recognize The famous film star wore dark glasses so that no one would ________him. A.reach B.recognize C.realize D.know 4. because of,owing to,due to,thanks to 这四个短语都有“由于”,“因为”的意思,都是介词短语,因此后面 不可接从句。 (2008 年高考北京卷)—Did you return Fred’s call? —I didn’t need to________I’ll see him tomorrow. A.though B.unless C.when D.because The openair celebration has been put off________the bad weather. A.in case of B.in spite of C.instead of D.because of Tom,together with his classmates,________because of________the school rule. A.was punished;obeying B.were punished;breaking C.was punished;breaking D.were punished;obeying 5. come up 走近;上来;发芽;发生;被提出;(太阳、月亮等)升起 come up with 想出;提出 come about 发生 come across 穿过(路、桥) ;偶遇;偶然发现(=come upon) come along 一道来;一起去;进步;赶快 come back 回来;记起 come on (风、雨等)到来; (演员)出场;赶快;得了吧 come out 出版;出来,出现;结果是 come to 苏醒;总计;达到;谈到 They thought about it for a long time,but still couldn’t________ a solution. A.come over B.get along with C.come out D.come up with A famous writer’s new book My New Life will ________next month. A.come across B.come out C.come along D.come up 6. make use of 利用,使用 make full use of 充分利用 make good use of 好好利用 make little use of 不充分利用 make the most of 最好地利用 take full advantage of 充分利用 The money collected should be made good use________the people who suffered a lot in this terrible earthquake. A.of helping B.to help C.to helping D.of to help The manager of the company told us that very little________was made of the waste material in the past. A.cost B.value C.use D.matter 7. play a part in 在……中担任角色;在……中起作用 play an important role/part in 在……中起重要作用 play the leading role/part 起主要作用 play the role/part of(sb.) (在剧中)扮演(某人)角色 The part that China________ in the international affairs ________in international society.
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A.plays;is widely praised B.plays;is wide praised C.takes;widely praised D.takes;wide praised 8. even if 或 even though 意为“即使,尽管” ,引导让步状语从句。 It is difficult for us to learn a lesson in life________we’ve actually had that lesson. A.until B.after C.since D.even if Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice,________they knew it to be valuable. A.as if B.now that C.even though D.so that Allow children the space to voice their opinions,________they are different from your own. A.until B.even if C.unless D.as though Your uncle seems to be a good driver,________,I wouldn’tdare to travel in his car. A.even so B.even though C.therefore D.so 9. more... than...与其说??倒不如说?? (1)more than+数词,表示“超过,多于”。 (2)more than+名词,表示“不仅是,不只是”。 (3)more than+形容词/副词,表示“非常,十分”,与 very 同义。 (4)no more than=only 意为“只有,仅仅”;not more than 常用于数词之前,意为“至多,不超过”,其意义相 当于 at(the)most。 It took________building supplies to construct these energysaving houses. It took brains,too. A.other than B.more than C.rather than D.less than 10. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. △believe it or not 信不信由你 △no such thing = not such a thing ①It’s so nice to hear from her. __________, we last met more than thirty years ago. A. no such B. no a C. nor such D. no such a ②As I know, there is _____ car in this place. A. What’s more B. That is to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 11. However, on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the way people speak. △however adv. 然而,不过; 无论如何,不管多么 句式:however + adj./adv./+ 主语+谓语。 △but“但是,然而”,是对等连接词,即连接几个并列成分,转折意味较强,通常位于句中,且中间无逗号 与其他句子成分隔开。 ① He agreed with me. Later, __________, he changed his mind. A. but B. however C. though D. while ② You should try to get a good night’s sleep much work you have to do. A. however B. no matter C. although D. whatever △in the way people speak. people speak 是 way 的定语从句。当先行词是 way(表方法,方式)且关系词在从句中作方式状语时, 可用 that, in which 或不用关系词来引导定语从句。 I don’t like the way _________ you speak to your teacher. A. which B. what C. that D. how 单项选择: 1. ---- A good book is a good friend. You can get the help you need from it. ----- You said it. ___________. A. I agree B. All right C. I disagree D. That’s a good idea 2. He is not an easy man __________________. A. to get on B. to get along C. to be got along with D. to get on with 3. After __________ the league, he often helps others. A. joining in B. joining C. joined D. joined in 4. She ___________ the vase on the table and went out.
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A. set out B. set up C. set down D. set on 5. He ____________________ Mary for three years. A. has fallen in love with B. has been in love with C. has married to D. has been married with 6. He asked me _________________. A. when would I come back B. why I hadn’t attended the meeting C. how much did I pay for the mobile phone D. whom was I going to the cinema with 7. This will be the second time that he ____________ China. A. will visit B. is to visit C. has visited D. visits 8. I wonder whether he _______ the work by the end of this week. A. will have finished B. finishes C. has finished D. finished 9. Iraq has ___________ too many wars since 1990s, making his people ______ a lot. A. got through; pay B. looked through; face C. gone through; suffer D. passed through; destroy 10. Peasants are living a comfortable life because of ________ good harvests A. a series of B. a pair of C. a set of D. a piece of 11.----I don’t know ______ you are getting along with your classmates. ---- I have told you many times __________ I’m getting on well with them. A. how; that B. that; how C. how; how D. that; that 12. The reporter decided to make a _______ interview with the sportsman who won the first gold. medal. A. face-to-face B. face to face C. face-in-face D. face in face 13. After the match, Tom became so angry at the result that he kicked footballs in the gym hall ______. A. go crazy B. like crazy C. go crazily D. like crazily 14. The water of the lake was so __________ that it looked like glass. A. silent B. calm C. still D. quiet 15. The professor raised his voice _______ everyone could hear clearly. A. so that B. in order that C. to make sure D. all the above 16. There was _______ time _________ I hated to go to school. A. a; that B. a; when C. the; that D. the; when 17. ---- Have you finished your experiment report, Jane? ----- Oh, my God. I’ve _______ forgotten all about that. A. strongly B. extremely C. entirely D. freely 18. I must ________ my dog this evening; it hasn’t been out for three days. A. buy B. sell C. walk D. run 19. I learned from the textbook that light ______ faster than sound. A. traveled B. had traveled C. is traveling D. travels 20. He asked me _________ I would go to Shanghai by train the next day. A. that if B. if C. that whether D. how

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