直接引述别人的 话，要加引号 Direct speech 直接引语 Reported speech 间接引语. 用自己的话转述 别人的话，不用 引号
The boy said ,“ I’m reading a book.”
Direct speech 直接引语 The boy said (that) he was reading a book.<
Reported speech 间接引语.
1 陈述句 直接引语如果是陈述句，变为间接引语 时，用连词that引导（that在口语中常省略） 一般现在时 一般过去时 He said, “ I can do well in English.”
→ He said that he could do well in English.
过去进行时 现在进行时 He said, “I'm writing a letter.” → He said that he was writing a letter. 过去将来时 一般将来时 Tom said to me “I will call you tomorrow” Tom told me that he would call me the next day.
? 注： 如果主句是一般现在时，直接引语变 间接引语时，从句的时态不变。 ? He says, “I’m not good at math. ” He says that he is not good at math.
直接引语 一般现在时 现在进行时 一般将来时 can may 间接引语 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去将来时 could might
now today yesterday tomorrow this week next week... here
then that day the day before the next day that week... the next week
this now yesterday tomorrow this week
the day before the next day that week
the next week(month, year
? 注意： ? (1) 当转述客观真理时，直接引语变为间接引语 时，时态不变。如： 1.He said , “The moon moves around the ea rth. ? He said that the moon moves around the earth. ? (2)为了表示引述的状态和情况到现在仍然是事 实时，也经常用一般现在时。 ? ? My teacher said, “Tom is a good student. ” ? My teacher said Tom is a good student.
I can speak three languages.
What did he say?
He said he could speak three languages.
I am mad at Marcia.
He said he was mad at Marcia.
What did he say?
We are having a party for Lana.
What did they say? They said they were having a party for Lana.
I am hardworking. I am not lazy.
What did was hard-working, She said she she say? What did she say? She said she was not lazy.
I’m good at playing basketball.
He said he was good at playing What did he say?
I am good at English. I do well in do well in English. She said she was good at English. What did she say? What did she say? She said she did well in English.
What did he say? He said he___________________________. went to beach every Sunday
I go to beach every Sunday.
What did she say? She said she_________________________. would call me tomorrow
I will call you tomorrow.
1. Lana said, "I'm going to have a surprise party for Maria." Lana said that she was going to have a surprise party for Maria.
2. The teacher said, "My students are hard-working." The teacher said that his/ her students were hardworking. 3. Tom told Jane, " I will lend my bicycle to you." Tom told Jane that he would lend his bicycle to her/Jane.
4.Mr.Wang said,“I will leave for Shanghai next month.” Mr. Wang said that he would leave for Shanghai the next month. 5.She said to him, “It’s time to go home.” She told him that it was time to go home.
2. 直接引语如果是疑问句，变为间接引语时，要 把疑问句语序改为陈述句语序。 1）一般疑问句。用whether或if(是否）引导。 主句中的动词是said时改为asked。
Eg. He said, “Are you a student?”
疑问语序 He asked me whether /if I was a student. 陈述语序
? 2) 特殊疑问句:由直接引语变为间接引语时, 仍用 原来的疑问词引导.要把疑问句语序改为陈述句 语序。 ? Eg.“Where are you going?” Father asked ? his son. 疑问语序
Father asked his son where he was going 陈述语序 ? Eg.The policeman asked the small boy, “Where do you live?”疑问语序
The policeman asked the small boy where he lived.
接祈使句的引述动词常用tell, ask, order, 等, 而把直接引语的祈使句变成带 (not) to的不定式短语。
tell/ask/order sb (not)to do sth
1 The teacher said to the students, “Stop talking.” 老师对学生们说: “不要讲话了。” →The teacher told the students to stop talking. 老师让学生们不要说话了。
2.The teacher said to us,”Don’t play in class.
The teacher told/asked us not to play in class.
change the direct speech into reported speech
? 1 The girl said,“I will have a party.” ? The girl said (that) she would have a party. ? 2 He asked me,“Is your father a doctor?” ? He asked me if /whether my father was a doctor. ? 3 The police asked the man ,“Where are you going?” ? The police asked the man where he was going.
? 4 Mother said to Tom,“get up earlier!” ? Mother told/asked Tom to get up earlier. ? 5 The teacher said to us,“ Don`t talk in class!” ? The teacher told /asked us not to talk in class. ? 6 The teacher said,“ The moon goes around the earth.” ? The teacher said(that) the moon goes around the earth.
二. 把下列句子变为间接引语。 1. “I am good at English ,” Lucy said. Lucy said she was good at English. 2. “Li Lei is reading a book,” Peter said to Lucy. Peter told Lucy that Li Lei was reading a book. 3. “We will have a football match,” he told his mother. He told his mother they would have a football match .
4. “They go to school every day except Saturday and Sunday,” the boy said. The boy said they went to school every day except Saturday and Sunday.
5. She asked me, "Why do you want to do this?" She asked me why I wanted to do that.
? Summary 1当直接引语是陈述句：由( that) 引导 主语（said) that+句子（时态往过去推 told 2 当直接引语是一般疑问句: 用 if引导 whether 主语（asked) if +一般疑问句(主谓结构） whether
的特殊疑问词引导（what / where等） ? 主语 asked+what 特殊疑问句（主谓） ? where 4当直接引语是祈使句时用句型： 主语+ told
sb (not)to do sth