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高中英语 Unit5 First aid Reading课件 新人教版必修5


Unit 5

First Aid

Warming up & Lead-in

What is first aid?
help ? First is the kind of_____ given to someone falls ill who suddenly ______ or gets ___

___ injured

before a doctor can be found. Often the
not serious illness or injury is _________, but there are other times _________ when giving first aid quickly will

____________. save one’s life

What situation can you think of that needs first aid?

a snake bite

bleeding

a sprained ankle

choking

a broken arm

a nosebleed

bleed

vi. 流血;失血

vt. 给(某人)放血
> bled bled blood bloody n. 血;血统 adj. 出血的;血染的;血腥的 vt. 扭伤 adj. 扭伤的 vt. & vi. (使)噎住;(使)窒息

sprain
sprained choke

Discuss what kind of first aid you should give in the following situations and then act them out.

Press the wound; Wrap bandage.

Cool the injury with ice. Fasten with bandage.

Pinch the nostrils and press upward. Cool the bridge of the nose.

Look at the picture on the left. What has happened? The girl has pulled boiling water onto herself. Can you guess what will happen to the girl? She will get bad burns.

How will her mother deal with the burn?

First Aid For Burns
? In which order are these topics covered in the text? Number them from ofto 5. _____ the three types 1 burns 3
_____ what to do if someone gets burned 5
_____ the purpose of skin 1 _____ the symptoms of burns 4 _____ how we get burns 2

Fast Reading

Answer the questions (based on
1. What can cause burns?
and chemicals. 2. Why should you put cold water on a burn? The cold water stops the burning process, stops the pain and prevents or reduces swelling. 3. Why doesn’t a third degree burn hurt? Because the nerves are damaged. If there are no nerves, there is no pain.

the whole text)

Hot liquids, steam, fire, radiation, the sun, electricity

Detail Information
Fill in the blanks( based on the 1st Para.)

skin 1. Our body’s largest organ:_____

three layers 2. We have ______ ______ of the keeps warm cool skin. prevents from losing water 3. Your skin ______ you _____ or

_____.

sense

of

touch

4. It ________ your body ______

Types & characteristics of burns

(based on page 34)

1. Types

2. Characteristics
Dry, red and
mildly ______. swollen ________, Rough Extremely
Mildly _______

First degree Affect the burns top______ layer
of the skin.

Turn white
when ______. pressed ________ Blisters

painful.

Second degree burns Third degree burns

Affect both the ____ & top the ______ second layer. Affect_____ all ________ three layers of the skin.

red and
swollen.
Swollen; ______ can
tissue

painful.

watery
surface

______ or

Little ____ pain. no

Black and white and _______.
charred

be seen.

According to the form above, label these pictures with

first degree burns, second degree burns and third degree
burns.

second degree burns first degree burns third degree burns

Decide whether the first aid treatment is Right (R) or Wrong (W). (based on page 35)
1. When someone is burned, you should place some ice on his wound. W
2. We should put damp cloths on the second degree burns. R
R

3. We shouldn’t break the blisters, or they will make the wound infected. 4. Sometimes, we can put oil or ointments on burns to stop the infection.

5. If burns are on the face, we should make the victim sit up.
R

W

Summary of first aid treatment

How will her mother deal with the burn?
Take off 1. ________ clothing and jewellery near the burns. Cool 2. ______ the burns with cool water.

3. ______ cool, clean wet cloths on the burns. Place 4. ______ the burned area gently. Dry 5. ______ the burned area with a dry clean bandage. Cover 6. ______ the burned area ______ than the heart, if possible. Keep
higher

7. ______ the victim ____the doctor or hospital, if possible.
Get to

Homework
?

Recite the new words and expressions of this unit.

?

Find out the new phrases and difficult

sentences in the text.
?

English weekly Part 2.


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