2014 届高三调研测试试卷（六） 英语
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 ( )21.The price of
gold has jumped to new all-time high as debt worries in the US and Europe continue to trouble the world. A.the;/ B.the; the C.a;/ D.a;the ( )22.We are all embarrassed at the sight:Some Chinese visitors rubbish on the Great Wall, followed by a foreigner up the lirrer. A.dropping;picked B.dropping;picking C.dropped;picking D.dropped;picked ( )23.Liu Heung Shing, an American Pulitzer Prize winner,said that only if you understand Chinese 30 years of history before reform its leaders’ determination to the reform. A.you will realize;push ahead B.will you realize;push forward C.you will realize;push up D.will you realize;puah out ( )24.I turned to bookstores and libraries seeking information about the book mentioned in his lecture,but found . A.no one B.none C.nothing D.anything ( )25.—Haven’t you handed in your project? --Yes.My classmates and I on it for the whole weekend. A.have worked B.are working C.have been working D.worked ( )26. the problem of pollution getting more serious, the government a way to deal with it. A.As;are searching B.Thanks to;are searching C.Because of; is searching for D.With; is searching for ( )27.It was President Xi Jinping visited the navy troops on April 19 and urged that naval force . A.who; strengthen B.whom; strengthen C.who; be strengthened D.who; to strengthen ( )28.The success of a government should be measured the happiness of the F people as well as the development of economy. A.in favor of B.in place of C.in honor of D.in terms of ( )29. When the disease was spreading across the continent, it caused panic among people. What added to the panic is that doctors find it hard to establish the nature of the virus causing the disease. A.precise B.fragile C.delicate D.ambiguous ( )30. I had not believed in falling in love with somebody at first sight I met Davidon Valentine’s Day three years ago. A.when B.unless C.if D.before
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)31.—Congratulations! But I’d like to know why want a sales job. —Well, this job is an ideal for my skills and experience; I’ve spent several years working in sales and I get on with people easily. A.alternative B.tendency C.match D.witness ( )32. —What do you think of the film Escape Plan directed by Mikael Heffa? -. It couldn’t be better. A. It’s really B.It all depends C. It’s just so-so D.It’s really boring ( )33. --Volunteering is becoming popular in China. -- Yeah, more and more people are aware that helping others is helping themselves. A.naturally B.splendidly C.successfully D.increasingly ( )34. In freezing weather, snow turn into ice,which is easy to . A.may; be slipped B.can; slip C.can; slip on D.must; slip on ( )35.—I'm terribly sorry to have put you to so much trouble. -. You didn't mean to, did you? A.Forget it B.No trouble C.You're welcome D.All right 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Everyone dreams of being successful.Does anyone think of the mere question as to what elements 36 success? Is there a “success personality”—some winning combination of qualities that leads almost 37 to achievement? If so, exactly what is that secret success formula,and can anyone develop it? At the Gallop Organization we recently 38 success, inquiring into the 39 of 1,500 distinguished people selected 40 from who's who in America. Our research finds out a number of 41 that occur regularly among top achievers.Here is one of the most important, that is,common sense. Common sense is the most obvious quality 42 by our participants.Seventy-nine percent 43 themselves a top score in this quality. And sixty-one percent say that common sense greatly 44 their success. To most, common sense means the ability to present sound,practical 45 on everyday affairs. To do this, one has to sweep aside 46 ideas and get right to the key of what matters. A Texas oil and gas businessman 47 it in this way:“The key ability for success is 48 . In conduction of meeting and dealing with industry, 49 a complex problem to the simplest term is highly important.” 50 common sense, there are many other factors that. 51 success. You need to believe in yourself that you can achieve it,that is, you need to have 52 in your goals and your path to that success.However,nothing moves until you do something. 53 alone is not going to achieve anything for you. It must be followed up with concrete 54 .Your plan for career success is nothing 55 you act upon it whole-heartedly. ( )36. A.define B.determine C.estimate D.prove ( )37. A.especially B.properly C.inevitably D.alternatively ( )38. A.talked on B.commented on C.focused on D.mentioned on ( )39. A.opinions B.theories C.capabilities D.requirements ( )40. A.at random B.at large C.at pains D.at length ( )41. A.challenges B.attractions C.qualifications D.qualities ( )42. A.possessed B.recommended C.proposed D.achieved ( )43. A.reward B.present C.award D.achieve
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( )44. A.approves of B.leads to C.consists of D.contributes to ( )45. A.performances B.judgments C.characters D.principles ( )46. A.original B.common C.extra D.moderate ( )47. A.put B.take C.make D.get ( )48. A.advancing B.persevering C.simplifying D.revising ( )49. A.reducing B.comparing C.applying D.referring ( )50. A.Except B.Beside C.Despite D.Besides ( )51. A.create B.influence C.judge D.attract ( )52. A.preparation B.attempt C.faith D.support ( )53. A.Quality B.Sense C.Secret D.Belief ( )54. A.thought B.progress C.plan D.action ( )55. A.if B.while C.unless D.once 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A 、 B,、C、 D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A For those who just love to shop online, Nov 11, China’s Singles’ Day ,may be the best time of the year, because it will see some seemingly irrational discounts, in line with the practice that was started in 2010. In 2012,Taobao, a major online shopping website,set a record of 1 billion yuan in sales on that day alone, with a huge 19.1 billion yuan exchanging hands on the website. The number of items sold made the delivery scrvices break down due to overloading, It’s worth thinking about lricks and tips to make the most of the shopping carnival(盛况). Select goods early and rationally Put everything you want in the “shopping cart” to make a list of potential purchases. Then go through it carefully. Removing anything you selected on impulse(冲动). Seal a deal in advance Talk to service staff as early as possible. They may have already decided on a discount policy for Nov 11 and may even ship the product to you in advance. Which is a good way to avoid the heavy online traffic on the special day. Manage your budget Popular items will be in srtong demand, so make sure you’re ready to pay with the least mumber of procedures. It’s best to deposit a reasonable amount of money in you Alipay account so that you can pay without going through ank lengthy verifications(认证). If you’re planning on using a credit card, you can call the bank to apply for more credit, but only spend as much as you can afford to repay. Look at the real items With many produces, such as shoes and clothes, it’s better to look an them first to checd their quality, size and appearance and ensure you’re buying the right one. Be smart It’s all about timing. According to Alipay, there are several peak hours when online traffic is heavy and there is a higher risk of transaction failures. Try to avoid the following time spans:12p.m～ 1:30a.m, 10～11a.m, 3～5p.m, and 8～10p.m. Apps as a helping hand Smartphone apps like Huihui Shopping list the best offers on a particular website, while Yitao, a software developed by Alibaba,compares prices of selected items across different websites to bring you the best deal. Track and open you package
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Because of the huge demand, delivery mistakes and hard to avoid, so try to track the package. If the product is easy to go bad, keep the tracking record in case of a dispute.When the package arrives, check the item carefully before signing for it. ( )56. What does the underlined word “irrational”mean? A. Amazing. B.Unexpected. C.Unreasonable. D.Irregular ( )57. According to the passage, we can infer________. A. Taobao is a major online shopping website in China. B. you are less likely to make a deal during peak hours C. Taobao broke down due to large purchases on Nov 11 in 2012. D. you have to wait until Nov 11 if you want to buy something very cheap. ( )58. What’s the writer ’s purpose of writing the passage? A. To encourage customers to shop on Taobao. B. To attract more potential customers to shop online. C. To offer suggestions on how to shop online on Nov 11 D. To introduce the popularity of shopping online on Nov 11. ( )59. With some money in Alipay account, you can _________. A. spend as much as you can afford B. pay with the most number of procedures C. save much trouble and time when you pay D.get the best deal with irrational discounts B It is a debate that has continued since Tuanic became one of the most successful films of all time: Did Rose leave Jack to die by not letting him up on the wooden life raft as they floated in the ocean? And now a US television show has carried out a series of tests that show Lconardo DiCaprio’s character could have survived the disaster had he lifted himself onto the raft from which Rose, played by Kate Winslet, was pulled. The Discovery Channel’s Mythbustes recreated the conditions after the Titanic sank in 1912 and , through hypothermia(低体温)tests, discovered Jack would have survived the freezing conditions if he had climbed out. As fans of the 1979 blockbuster will remember, Jack remains in the freezing water while Rose lies on top of a floating piece of the wreckage(碎片)as he does not want to overturn it. In the dramatic climax to the Oscar-winning epic, Jack dies from hypothermia while Rose is rescued. Titanic director James Caneron told Mythbusters he believed the wooden life raft would not have supported both Jack and Rose. But the team found that if Rose had taken off her lifejacket and put it under the raft it would have given them enough buoyancy(浮力) to keep both of them afloat. In the film Rose was one of the last to be rescued. Historical documents show that Fitth Officer Harold lowe, who was described rescuing Rose, looked for survivors 45 minuter. In a separate test the Mythbusters team found that had Jack remained in the water for over an hour he would have died from hypothermia. Cameron, however, had the last word welling the TV show that Jack had to die as that’s what the script called for. He said,”I think you guys are missing the point here. The script says Jack died. He has to die. So maybe we made a mistake and the board should have been a little tiny bit smaller, but the dude’s go in down.” ( )60. In the dramatic climax to the Oscar-winning film, Jack dies from_______. A. being stupid B. Being drowned
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C. being exhausted D. low body-temperature )61. According to the passage, which of the statements is true? A. Rose left Jack to die by not letting him up on the wooden life raft. B. Jack could have survived even if he had been in water for over an hour. C. Jack would have been frozen to death had he been on the raft with Rose. D. Jack could have survived te freezing condition had he climbed out in time. )62. What’s Cameron’s attitude towards Jack’s death in the film? A. Indifferent. B. Supportive C. Critical D. Optimistic
C How long you live has a lot to do with your environment and lifestyle, but exceptional long life may have even more to do with your genes. For the first time, researchers have discovered a genetic recipe(基因 谱) that accurately predicts who live on 100 and beyond. Analysis shows that 90% of the participants who lived to 100 had at least one of the signature genetic clusters(标志基因组). Do Thomas Perls at the Boston University School of Medicine said, “We realize this is a complex genetic puzzle. There is a long way for us to to to understand how the combination of these genes with lifestyle factors is playing a role in this long life puzzle. Perls has studied many factors that contribute to long life, and he is the first to acknowledge that living longer isn’t likely to be simply a matter of genes. His previous work has shown.for example, that among most elderly people who live into their 70s and 80s, about 70% can owe their long lift to lifestyle factors such as not smoking, eating a healthy, low-fat, low-calorie diet, and remaining socially engaged and mentally active throughout life. It seems clear that those who live extremely long are benefiting from a special DNA. In fact, Perls believes that the older a person gets, the more likely it is that his or her genes are contributing to those extended years. ( )63. Perls may most likely agree that___________. A. living longer just depends on certain genetic recipes B. lifestyle factors play an important role in long-living C. most people living extremely long benefit from not smoking D. being mentally active has nothing to do with living an old age ( )64.Which of the following is FALSE according to the text? A. Remaining socially engaged helps a person to live long B. If you want to live to 100, you must have the right genes. C. A genetic recipe can predict who may live to 100 and beyond. D. Perls is the first to think living longer is just a matter of genes. ( )65. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. The Secret of Long Life B. Lifestyle And Genes C. Genes decide your lifespan D. Environment And Genes ( )66. In which section of a newspaper can you most probably find this passage? A. Health & Diet B. Medicine & Science C. Entertainment & Economics D. Culture & Custom D US Journalism Relies More on Internet Blogs Nowadays, when you want to read news from around the world, you are more likely to poen up your laptop than pick up a newspaper. In fact, an Internet blogger is the reason that The Guardian newspaper was
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able to publish stories provided by US citizen Edward Snowden, who stayed in Hong Kong earlier this summer and there he revealed the information of the US National Security Agency. The stories that Snowden helped reveal are all about US national security, a very serious topic. When US journalists want to write about national security, they usually need a government source, such as Snowden,to provide them with information, But in recent years, especially since “the 9.11 Incident”,major US news media have been less likely to publish government secrets. They are more willing to cooperate with the US government and military than they are to oppose them. The result is that government sources are afraid to talk to most journalists. Snowden eventually gave his information to an independent journalist named Glenn Greenwald. Greenwald is an American lawyer by trade, and he spent most of the 2000s building a large audience for hie political blog posts. Unlike most journalists,he didn’t choose to work for newspapers or TV stations, he chose to do everything himself. But one major media company, The Guaudian, saw the potential for an independent voice like Greenwald to help them break stories that other companies could not. So they hired him in 2012 to host his blog at their website and contribute stories to their newspaper. When Snowden was preparing to reveal US government secrets, he knew that he couldn’t trust most US journalists. He was a fan of the most important US national security stories in history. This wouldn’t have been possible without the rise of Internet blogs, which has helped independent thinkers like Greenwald find an audience. ( )67. The purpose of the first paragraph is to _________. A. introduce the topic of the rise of Internet blogs B. inform readers of what sourccs newspapers use C. draw readers’ attention to Edward Snowden’s case D. argue that Internet blogs are better than newspapers ( )68. The reason why government sources are afraid to talk to most journalists is that_________. A. most journalists are keen on letting out government secrets B. most journalists don’t deserve their trust in the past few years C.they’re more willing to work with the government and military now D. they’re determined to be against the governments since “the 9.11 Incident” ( )69. Put the following events in the order of time according to the article. a. The Guardian hired Greenwald to host his blog at their website b. Snowden contacted Greenwald to reveal US government secrets c. Greenwald spent much time building a large audiences for hie political blog posts. d. The Guardian broke some of the most important US national security stories in history. A. chad B.cabd C. bdca D. badc ( )70.What is the main point of the article? A. Journalists always change the world for the better. B. Edward Snowden revealed US government secrets C. Traditional news media and Internet blogs are related D. Internet blogs are good because they support independent thought.
第二卷（非选择题，共 35 分）
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填上一个最恰当的单词。注意： 每个空格只填 1 个单词。 The parents of a troubled teen may feel unsure as to whom to turn to in order to find help for their child. They may feel as if they have exhausted all of their options, and sometimes they are on the point of
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giving up. But there is hope, Schools for troubled teens offer discipline and in some cases, drup treatment programs that can provide important life skills, and more importantly, a fresh start. The following is a list of the most effective types of schools for troubled teens. Not every facility is a match for every child. But by knowing the differences between them, parents can decide better where to send their teenagers. Boarding Schools When a child is unable to deal with the relative freedom of a standard school day, boarding schools might be a good choice. At boarding schools, the child lives in a dorm setting, where almost every minute of the day is scheduled by school administrators. Treatment Centers When a teenager has an addiction to drugs or alcohol. A treatment center that specializes in young people is an outstanding way to help them break the cycle of addiction, Treatment centers feature individual and group counseling(咨询) to help identify the root causes of the drug problem and help develop the life skills needed to stay clean when the program is over. Wilderness Programs Designed to help improve the discipline and self-reliance of the child, wilderness programs send kids back to nature. By placing them in a foreign and sometimes uncomfortable setting, wilderness programs hope to improve children’s behavior. Programs generally include hikes, exercise programs and team building exercises. Boot Camps Boot camps are the most extreme style of school for troubled teens. These facilities are modeled after actual military boot camps.where the individual must must into shape. Work as part of a team, and follow a long, hard set of routes and regulations. However, boor camps might not be the best choice for a teen with a drug addiction. (71) Problem Schools for Troubled Teenagers Having(72) out all the options. Parents of troubled teens may feel unsure about whom to turn to for help. ● Boarding schools have have students’time(74) carefully. ● Treatment centers help students(75) to drugs return to normal. ● Wilderness programs are(76) to improve students’behavior by putting them in a foreign and sometimes uncomfortable setting. ● Boot camps are beneficial to (77) up their body and developing their sense of(78) .
(73) of schools
● By knowing the differences between them, parents can make a better (80) about where to send their teenagers.
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） 年轻人往往好大喜功而不愿从小事做起。 请用英文写一篇短文， 描述下图父亲和儿子的谈话， 并发表你的观点。
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注意： 1. 短文必须围绕“年轻人往往好大喜功而不愿从小事做起”这一主题展开 2. 词数 150 左右，开头已经给出，但不计入总词数。 3. 短文中不得提及本人姓名和所在学校。 4. 参考词汇：dispose of 处置；nuclear waste 核废料 The picture shows us a dialogue between a father and his son. The father asks his son to empty the dustbin before worrying about disposing of nuclear waste. It reveals the importance of doing small things well before undertaking something big. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ 高三英语参考答案 一．单项填空（15 分） 21-25 CBBBD 26-30 DCDAD 31-35 CADCA 二．完型填空（20 分） 36-40 BCCAA 41-45 DACDB 46-50 CACAD 51-55 BCDDC 三．阅读理解（30 分） 56-60 CBCCD 61-65 DBBDA 66-70 BACBD 四．任务型阅读（10 分） 71. Title/Topic 72. tried 73.types/kinds 74. managed/scheduled/planned 75. addicted 76. intended/meant/designed 77. building 78. cooperation/teamwork 79. Conclusion 80. decision/choice 五．书面表达（25 分） One possible version: The picture shows us a dialogue between a father and his son. The father asks his son to empty the dustbin before worrying about disposing of nuclear waste. It reveals the importance of doing small things well before undertaking something big. Undoubtedly, doing small things is the first step to success and will contribute to doing something big in future. By doing something small, we are able to accumulate experience, master skills and train ourselves to be more patient. In other words, we can be well prepared for further challenges in the course of fulfilling small things. By contrast, those who set out to do something big when too young will be constantly troubled by disappointment, frustrations or even failures. When “something big” really appears, they can hardly deal with them because of the lack of experience and confidence which comes from doing small things.
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In my opinion,under no circumstances should we underestimate the value of doing small things. Instead,we should regard small things as the source of experience, skills and patience. Just as Aristotle once said, “Great achievement only belongs to those who an do small things perfectly.”
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