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2015-2016高中英语Unit1GreatscientistsSection3Grammar&Writing课时作业新人教版必修5(新)


Unit 1 Great scientists Section 3 Grammar & Writing
Ⅰ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.The ________(astonish) look on his face showed that he hadn't expected it. 答案与解析: astonished 修饰人的表情, 声音, 微笑用?e

d 形式的形容词。 astonished 惊讶的。 2.When the man with a scar on his cheek walked into the pub, there appeared a ________(puzzle) expression on the face of the waiter who wondered why he came back again. 答案与解析:puzzled 修饰人的表情,用?ed 形式的形容词;puzzled 迷惑的。句意: 当脸上有疤的男人走进酒吧,服务员脸上现出迷惑的表情为什么他再次回来。 3.Judging from his ________(confuse) look, I know it is a very ________(confuse) situation to her. 答案与解析: confused; confusing 修饰人的表情用?ed 形式的形容词, 修饰物用?ing 形式的形容词;confused 迷惑的;confusing 令人迷惑的。句意:从他迷惑的表情判断,我 知道这对她来说是一种令人迷惑的情形。 4 . Seeing the bad results of the exams, she was rather upset and felt ________(disappoint). 答案与解析: disappointed 修饰人用?ed 形式的形容词。 句意: 看到糟糕的考试结果, 她相当心烦,感到很失望。 5.Though the professor tried his best to explain the difficult question, the students still looked ________(confuse). 答案与解析:confused 修饰人用?ed 形式的形容词。句意:尽管教授尽最大努力解释 这个难题,学生们仍看上去迷惑不解。 6.Though told to stop, the ________(excite) speaker kept on talking at the meeting. 答案与解析:excited 修饰人用?ed 形式的形容词。 7.She felt rather ________(frighten) that she should drive the car at such a ________(frighten) speed. 答案与解析:frightened; frightening 修饰人用?ed 形式的形容词;修饰物用?ing 形式的形容词。句意:她竟然以如此令人害怕的速度开车,她感到相当害怕。 8.The power station ________(build) last year is a big one. 答案与解析:built 考查过去分词做定语。The power station 与 build 之间为被动 关系,句中时间状语也暗示了应用过去分词形式做定语。 9 . From the ________(satisfy) look of the boys, I found they were ________(satisfy). 答案与解析:satisfied; satisfied 句意:从男孩们满意的表情中,我发现他们很满 意。satisfied“(感到)满意的”;satisfying“令人满意的”。结合句意可知,他们的表 情是“满意的”而不是“令别人满意的”。 10 . He got ________(inspire) when he thought about helping people ________(expose) to cholera. 答案与解析:inspired;exposed get 在句中做系动词,后跟表语,结合句意可知第 一个空应选 inspired(受启发的,受鼓舞的),而不是 inspiring(鼓舞人心的);exposed to cholera 为过去分词短语做定语修饰 people。 11.Most of the artists ________(invite) to the party were from South America. 答案与解析:invited 句意:被邀请出席聚会的艺术家大多数来自南美。 12.As we joined the big crowd I got ________(separate) from my friends. 答案与解析:separated 考查过去分词做表语。句意:我们一加入人流,我就和朋友

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走散了。此题中的“got+separated”表示状态,separated 为过去分词做表语。“get/be separated”常与 from 连用。 13.The prize of the game show is $ 30,000 and an all expenses ________(pay) vacation to China. 答案与解析:paid 考查过去分词(短语)做后置定语。由句意“这次比赛的奖品是 3 万美元和到中国的免费假期”可以看出,expenses 与 pay 之间的关系是修饰限定关系,即 paid 做 expenses 的后置定语。 14.There have been several new events ________(add) to the program for the 2012 London Olympic Games. 答案与解析:added 考查过去分词做定语。主句中的谓语用的是现在完成时态,可见 2012 年的伦敦奥运会添加的新运动项目已经确定,而且是被添加的,所以要用过去分词表 被动关系。 15. Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you can't have time to get ________(change) before the party. 答案与解析:changed 句子大意是“??恐怕你在晚会前没有时间??”;根据选项 提供的内容 get 和 change 不难知道这是一个系表结构;联系起来思考,便可知道其意思是 “换衣服;换装”。 Ⅱ.语法填空 W:What do you think of the football match we __1__(watch) yesterday afternoon? M:Very __2__(excite). The two teams did very well in the match and it was really __3__ close game. W:I enjoyed it very much too. I have never seen a more interesting game so far this year. M : I had expected it to be a wonderful match because __4__of the teams had excellent players. W:I'm sorry I missed the first part of it. M:You were late for the match? What for? W:I was filled with __5__(anxious) to see the match and fell __6__ my bike on the way. My legs hurt, so I had to ride my bike slowly. It took me quite some time __7__ I got to the sports field. M:I'm sorry to hear that. Were your legs hurt? W:Yes, but not very __8__(serious). I only got my skin __9__(scratch) and bled a little. M:You should have seen a doctor first. W:But I didn't think it necessary. I cleaned my skin and then started again. M:How long were you late for the match? What time was it when you got to the sports field? W:When I got to the sports field, __10__ was already three twenty. M:Three twenty? Oh, you were twenty minutes late for the match. You missed a very wonderful part of the match. W:Yeah. It was really a pity. 答案与解析: 1.watched yesterday afternoon 与一般过去时连用。 2.exciting 修饰物用?ing 形式的形容词。 3.a 表示“数量一”,用不定冠词。 4.both both 两个都。 5.anxiety be filled with anxiety 充满焦虑。 6.off fall off 从??上摔下来。 7.before before 在??之前。 8.seriously 修饰实义动词用副词。
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9.scratched my skin 与 scratch 之间为被动关系,故用过去分词作宾补。 10.it it 代替时间。 Ⅲ.完形填空 With time flying, people become aged. Then many people even in their middle age often start to notice that their memory and mental clarity are not what they used to be. We suddenly can't remember __1__ we put the keys just a moment ago, or an old friend's name, or the name of an old band we used to love. As the brain __2__, we refer to these occurrences as “senior moments.”__3__ seemingly innocent, this loss of mental focus can potentially have a(n) __4__ effect on our social and __5__ well?being. Neuroscientists, experts who study the nervous system, are increasingly showing that there's actually a lot that can be done. It __6__ out that the brain needs exercise in much the same way our muscles do, and the right mental __7__can significantly improve our basic cognitive(认知) __8__.Thinking is basically a __9__ of making connections in the brain. To a certain extent, our ability to __10__ in making the connections that drive intelligence is inherited(继承).__11__, because these connections are made through effort and practice, scientists believe that intelligence can expand and wave __12__ mental effort. Now, a new Web?based company has taken a step __13__ and developed the first “brain training program” designed to actually help people improve and __14__ their mental sharpness. The Web?based program __15__ you to systematically improve your memory and attention skills. The program keeps a(n) __16__ of your progress and provides detailed feedback(反馈)__17__ your performance and improvement. Most importantly, it __18__ changes and improves the games you play to __19__ up the strengths you are developing—much like a(n)__20__ exercise routine which requires you to increase resistance and vary your muscle use. 1.A.where B.when C.that D.why 2.A.improves B.fades C.recovers D.falls 3.A.If B.Unless C.Once D.While 4.A.irregular B.limited C.damaging D.positive 5.A.personal B.psychological C.mental D.physical 6.A.turns B.finds C.points D.figures 7.A.connection B.responses C.workouts D.associations 8.A.style B.functions C.circumstances D.atmosphere 9.A.steps B.condition C.consequences D.process 10.A.insist B.believe C.succeed D.fail 11.A.Therefore B.Moreover C.Otherwise D.However 12.A.according to B.regardless of C.apart from D.instead of
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13.A.back B.further C.aside D.around 14.A.regain B.reflect C.review D.respond 15.A.suggests B.makes C.hurries D.allows 16.A.hold B.record C.order D.pace 17.A.to B.with C.for D.about 18.A.irregularly B.habitually C.constantly D.unusually 19.A.carry B.put C.build D.take 20.A.risky B.effective C.meaningless D.familiar 文章主要谈论了人脑记忆的衰退及如何预防记忆衰退。 答案与解析: 1.A where 哪儿;when 什么时候;that 在名词性从句中无词义;why 为什么;记不清 把钥匙放在哪里了。where 引导一个宾语从句。 2.B improves 提高;fades 褪色,衰老;recovers 恢复;falls 降落;随着年龄增长, 大脑衰老。 3.D if 如果,是否;unless 除非;once 一旦;while 当??时候;虽然,然而;虽 然表面上看起来没什么,但是危害很大,前后为转折关系。 4.C irregular 不规则的,无规律的;limited 有限的;damaging 有破坏性的,有害 的;positive 积极的;这种精神能量的缺失会给我们职业、社交还有个人带来有害的影响。 5.A personal 个人的;psychological 心理的;mental 精神上的;physical 身体上 的;这种精神能量的缺失会给我们的职业、社交还有个人带来有害的影响。 6.A it turns out that 原来,其实;it finds out that 发现;it points out that 指出;it figures out that 发现;越来越多的精神学家们都表示,大脑其实跟肌肉一样需 要练习运动。这里给出的是神经科学的结论,因此选择 it turns out that。 7.C connection 联系;responses 回应;workouts 锻炼;associations 协会;上文 出现 exercise,同义词再现,故选 C。 8.B style 风格;functions 功能;circumstances 环境;atmosphere 氛围;正确的 智力锻炼能极大地提高我们最基本的认知功能。 9.D steps 步骤;condition 条件;consequences 结果;process 过程;思考是大脑 神经连接必要的过程。 10.C insist 坚持;believe 相信;succeed 成功;fail 失败,不及格;be succeed in doing sth.成功做某事。 11.D therefore 因此;moreover 而且,此外;otherwise 否则;however 然而;前一 句强调的是智力是与生俱来的 (inherited),而后一句则认为是可以通过脑力活动(mental effort)会有所波动,两句意义明显相反,故正确答案为 D。 12. A according to 根据; regardless of 不管, 不顾; apart from 除??之外; instead of 代替;智力可以根据脑力活动得到提升或出现波动。 13.B 考查短语 take a further step 采取进一步措施。 14.A regain 恢复,重新获得;reflect 反映;review 复习;respond 回答;根据前 文 improve and, and 前后两词保持一致,改善和恢复精神清晰度。 15.D suggests 建议;makes 使;hurries 加快;allows 允许;这个网络课程允许你 系统地改善你的记忆力和注意力。 16.B hold 举行;record 记录;order 命令;pace 踱步;这个培训课程还可以跟踪学 习进度,并且给予详尽的信息反馈。keep pace 与 with 搭配,keep record of 记录;故选
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B。 17.D 关于你的表现作出详细的反馈,故选 D。 18.C irregularly 不规则地;habitually 习惯性地;constantly 不断地;unusually 异乎寻常的;更加重要的是,它会不断地调整并升级有关训练游戏。 19.C carry on 执行;put on 穿上,增加;build on 在??基础上增加,构建;take on 呈现;它会经常调整并升级有关训练游戏,以促进脑力的不断增加。 20.B risky 冒险的;effective 有效的;meaningless 无意义的;familiar 熟悉的; 有效的锻炼需要你增加阻力和改变你的肌肉。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 There is no better way to enjoy Scottish traditions than going fishing and tasting a little bit of whisky(威士忌) at a quiet place like the Inverlochy Castle. When Queen Victoria visited the castle in 1873 she wrote in her diary, “I never saw a lovelier spot.” And she didn't even go fishing. Scotland is not easily defined. In certain moments, this quiet land of lakes and grasses and mountains changes before your very eyes. When evening gently sweeps the hillside into orange light, the rivers, teeming with fish, can turn into streams of gold. As you settle down with just a fishing pole and a basket on the bank of River Orchy, near the Inverlochy Castle, any frustration(烦恼) will float away as gently as the circling water. It's just you and purple, pink, white flowers, seeking a perfect harmony. If you are a new comer to fishing, learning the basics from a fishing guide may leave you with a lifetime's fun. For many, fishing is more than a sport; it is an art. Scotland offers interesting places where you can rest after a long day's fishing. Set against a wild mountain and hidden behind woodland, the beautiful Inverlochy Castle Hotel below the Nevis is a perfect place to see the beauty of Scotland's mountains. Ben Nevis is the highest of all British mountains, and reaching its 1,343?metre top is a challenge. But it's not just what goes up that matters; what comes down is unique. More than 900 metres high, on the mountain's north face, lies an all?important source of pure water. Its name comes from the Gaelic language “usquebaugh” or “water of life” ; and it is the single most important ingredient(原料) in Scotland's best known drink: whisky. 1. The story of Queen Victoria is to show that ________. A.the Queen is rich in tour experience B.the Castle is a good place to go in Scotland C.tasting whisky is better than going fishing D.1873 is a special year for the Queen 答案与解析:B 推理判断题。第一段第一句点出了欣赏苏格兰风情莫过于钓鱼和在像 “the Inverlochy Castle”一样安静的地方品尝威士忌,后面马上以维多利亚女皇的事例 来说明“the Castle”是个很好的去处。 2.How is Paragraph 2 mainly developed? A.By giving descriptions. B.By following time order. C.By analyzing causes. D.By making comparisons. 答案与解析:A 细节理解题。整个第二段都在描述一种美丽、令人陶醉其中的景色。 故 A 项正确。 3.What is Ben Nevis special for? A.The Inverlochy Castle Hotel. B.The beauty of its surroundings. C.The water from the mountain. D.The challenge up to its top.
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答案与解析:C 细节理解题。根据第三段第四、五、六句可知本尼维斯山上的水令其 有独特之处。 4.What is the main purpose of the passage? A.To introduce Scottish traditions to tourists. B.To show the attractions of Scotland to readers. C.To explore geographical characteristics of Scotland. D.To describe the pleasures of life in Scotland. 答案与解析:B 主旨大意题。本文为总分结构,第一段点出并且以女王的事例说明苏 格兰有吸引人的地方, 第二段和第三段详细为我们介绍了几处美景, 引人入胜, 故 B 项正确。 Ⅴ.短文改错 I took a trip to a big lake in Indonesia with my family two years before. It was really huge lake with beautiful scenery all around. People were amazing by the endless view in front of their eye. Later on, unlike other girls, I was volunteered to go waterskiing alone. I took on the life jacket, got off the motorboat immediately and started my engine as soon as possibly. The lake seemed broad and endless. I was so exciting to appreciate the beauty of the mountains and waters that I speed my motorboat. Then, after some time, I found me in the middle of the endless lake. I really enjoyed myself. 答案: I took a trip to a big lake in Indonesia with my family two years before. It was really ∧ huge lake with beautiful scenery all around. People were ago a amazing by the endless view in front of their eye . Later on, unlike other girls, amazed eyes I was volunteered to go waterskiing alone. I took on the life jacket, got off the put motorboat immediately and started my engine as soon as possibly. possible The lake seemed broad and endless. I was so exciting to appreciate the beauty excited of the mountains and waters that I speed my motorboat. Then, after some time, I found sped me in the middle of the endless lake. I really enjoyed myself. myself

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