Interpersonal relationship—— Fri
I. Teaching objectives: 1.To get the students to appreciating remarks on
friendship or friends. 2.To enable the students to write a short story about friends or friendships. II. Teaching procedures Step 1 Discussion
Now, I found 500 pounds in Roy’ pocket. Did Roy steal the money from the cha s rity? Someone says ‘yes’, someone says ‘no’. If Roy did steal the money from th e charity, shall I tell the teacher or call the police? If Roy didn’t steal the mo ney, what should I do? Discuss it in groups of four . Collect answers from students. Draw a conclusion; whether Roy stole the money or not, we help him all the same. Because we’re friends. Friends are the ones we can get help from and we can trust.
In this unit, we have talked a lot about friends and friendsh ip, knowing the importance of friends. And what do you think o f a friend or friendship? How to keep friendship?List good qualities and bad qualities a friend may have. Suggested answers: Good qualities: outgoing hospitable considerate enthusiastic friendly kind polite honest loyal brave positive optimistic smart intellige nt modest generous determined responsible mature Bad qualities: dishonest unfriendly dishonest rude impolite selfish lazy careless pessimistic Brainstorming: Step 2 Writing
Describe a problem you had with a friend and give advice on how to keep frien ds.
Suggested expressions: close, trust, chat, be on good terms, get on very well, keep i n touch, get to know, personal matters, be similar to , consid erate, warm hearted, honest, 一些有关友谊的名言警句如： On friends and friendship:
A true friend is one soul in two bodies. (---Aristotle) A friend in need is a friend indeed. (---Ray) Be slow in choosing a friend; slower in changing.(---Benja min Franklin) A friend is a present which you give yourself. (---Rober t Louis Stevenson) Fate chooses your relatives, you choose your friends. (--Abbe Jacques Deille) A faithful friend is the medicine of life. (---William Sha kespeare) The bird a nest, the spider a web, man friendship.(---Will iam Blake) We choose our friend by instinct, but we keep them by judg ment. (---Alfred Capus) Friendship is love without his wings. (---George Gordon By ron) True friendship is a plant of slow growth.(---George Washi ngton) Sample: Friendship is one of the most valuable relationship in our lives, it may even last through you whole life. I have a good friend. Sometimes I argue with my friend. For example, once we discussed a problem of our homework, as we held different ide as and wanted to persuade each other, we argued a lot. Howeve r, after we found the correct answer, the one that was wrong a pologized at once. No matter how often we quarreled and what w e quarreled for, we are good friends for ever. My favourite proverb says ' friend are like stars, you don’ t always see them, but you know they re always there.' Thats t rue, indeed friends are willing to help you all the time. When you are down ,friends raise you up with their hearts .When yo u lose your way, friends guide you and pull you to the right w ay. When you have sorrow to complain of, friends are always th e best ears for you. So please cherish your friends, because everyone of them is unique and precious. Getting along with friends is just like growing plants. We must use patience, trust, and honesty as fe rtilizer to make friendship stonger. And never forget ,plants need sunshine, so do friends. Often give them some warm and yo u will find your hearts are getting closer. Friendship stands on both sides , so the more you give and the more you will get . Remember, the key is your sincere hear t.
Step 3 Promotion and Homework 1) Assign another writing task based on the following informatio n: What do you think of a friend or friendship? How to keep friendship? 2） Instruct the students to write and revise by themselves. 3) Let the students hand in their final copies. 4) Select some good samples to read to the whole class. Suggested sample: Friendship is the most important things in life. Good frien d would like to help you when you met some troubles. Real good friends could put each other in their hearts. Real friendship is like the spring rivers flowing down the mountains, silentl y. Everybody is looking forward to meeting real friends. How to find real friendship and keep it? I think it is like you planting a big tree. You should choose good seeds and tak e care of it to make it grow. Almost the same thoughts between each other is on base. Maybe fight also will happen. How to d o? To make real friend, you don't be shy to explain your thoug hts to the other. Try your best to keep friendship forever. It is necessary to tell the truth and respect each other. Step 4 Reflection 针对学生实际情况，并受任务型教学法启示“任务型教学理论实际 上就是建立在讨论或交流教学思路的基础上的,是交流教学思路的一种 发展形态,英语教学要以学生为中心,教师要为学生设计运用语言的环 境,通过大量的交流活动总结和掌握语言的规律,并在交流活动中实践, 从而达到目的.” 我对每模块后的书面表达内容的教学作了调整，这样处 理：即把写作课变成讨论和写作并存的活动课，并在活动课中备有相关 的多媒体内容或音乐，使学生在真切愉快的情景中搜集写作素材，完成 写作内容，最后达到激发学生写作兴趣，提高写作技能并促进其他几种 技能的效果。具体教学过程如下： 第一步，确定题目后，教师启发学生思考，回忆写作中所需要的相 关词汇，必要时通过多媒体展示相关内容，然后教师在黑板上进行总结 或借助多媒体把关键词语呈现给学生.例如外研版教材 Book6 Module3 Interpersonal relationship___ Friendship,该模块的写作任务讲述 朋友之间所产生的矛盾问题，并提出建议如何保持友谊：Describing a problem you had with a friend and giving advice on how to keep friends 教师可先展示一些有关友谊或本班同学相处的图片、幻灯片、 音乐等,以激发学生的学习兴趣。然后教师可引导学生说说自己的好朋 友，尽可能用到本模块所学过的词汇：close, trust, chat, be on go od terms, get on very well, keep in touch, get to know, person al matters, be similar to, considerate, warmhearted, honest, 等等。
第二步，分组讨论（均匀分配不同程度的学生），要求学生围绕写 作话题借助有关词汇，人人动口，积极思维:1.Who is your good frie nd? 2. How do you become good friends? 3. Have you ever quarre led with each other? 4.What’s the problem? 5. Have you made u p? 6. What should you do to keep your friendship? 等, 并让学生 各抒己见,提供出不同的词语句型，如 1.I’ve known him/her for ... 2.We first met six years ago...I remember meeting him/her for the first time 3.We have much in common. 4. I not only...but also... 5.I suggest that... 6.Why not...? 7.Can’t we ...? 8. What about...? 9. Friendship is both... and... 10. If we... , we can...等也可提供一些有关友谊的名言警句如：On friends and fr iendship: A true friend is one soul in two bodies. (---Aristotle) A friend in need is a friend indeed. (---Ray) Be slow in choosing a friend; slower in changing. (---Benj amin Franklin) A friend is a present which you give yourself. (---Rober t Louis Stevenson) Fate chooses your relatives, you choose your friends. (--Abbe Jacques Deille) A faithful friend is the medicine of life. (---William Sha kespeare) The bird a nest, the spider a web, man friendship. (---Wil liam Blake) We choose our friend by instinct, but we keep them by judg ment. (---Alfred Capus) Friendship is love without his wings. (---George Gordon By ron) True friendship is a plant of slow growth.(---George Washi ngton) 同时教师提醒学生在讨论中尽量使用正确的时态、语态并用英语交 流。这一步也是学生英文写作收集写作素材的过程。教师可参考与到各 个组中，帮助学生解决疑难问题，并根据不同的写作内容和各小组的实 际水平适当给他们提供一些新的词汇，同时鼓励那些平时不善于言谈的 学生开口交流和帮助基础较差的学生。通过不断的教学实践，我发现： 在这种活动或情景之下，学生无拘无束，大胆热烈讨论，加之教师的指 导， 写作的素材自然获得不少。最后每组选一位代表执笔完成书面表达， 并在时间允许内在全班朗读； 第三步，教师进行总结归纳： Friendship is a kind of human r elations. It is a human instinct to make friends. When in trou ble, we need friends to offer us help, support and encourageme nt. With success achieved, we also need friends to share our j oys. .Long live friendship! 同时再次强调写作中所需的时态、语 态和学生写作过程中容易犯的错误等关键问题。而后要求学生课后完成
各自的写作内容并上交作业。 第四步，作文评价是个意义重大的环节，可采用以下评价机制，包 括学生自评→学生互评→教师评价→全班反馈→范文共赏五个环节。 学生参与情况： 运用这种教学方式，我所教的班级学生普遍反映：这种讨论和写作 的方式更适合他们，因为气氛活跃，让人觉得轻松，通过小组的讨论、 互相帮助和老师的指引， 较容易搜集到写作素材,而且参考小组素材再结 合自己的观点，就更容易下手写作了。每个小组都能写出较为优秀的文 章，而且，学生完成作业情况非常好，能充分运用课上所讲的相关词汇 和表达方式，有些同学的文章写得相当好，可以作为范文展示学习。总 而言之，这种写作教学法既激发了学生的写作兴趣，又提高了他们的口 语表达能力，同时还培养了他们的群体合作精神，而且也达到了师生互 动交流。