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动词过去式和过去分词


动词过去式和过去分词总结
1、 规则变化 有六种情况: 1)一般在动词原形后加-ed 原形 look call open need 过去式 looked [lukt] called[k?:ld] opened needed 过去分词 looked called opened needed

① 在清辅音音素后 发音为〔t〕,在浊辅音后发音为〔d〕,在

元音后发音也为[d] -ed ② 在〔t]、〔d〕 后发音为[id] needed [ni:did] -ed 2)以-e 结尾的动词直接加-d 原形 move phone hope agree 过去式 moved [mu:vd] phoned hoped [h?upt] agreed 过去分词 moved phoned hoped

[??gri:d] agreed

3)以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词,变 y 为 i, 再加-ed study studied [?st?did] try tried [traid] tried studied carry carried cariied

4、以元音字母加 y 结尾的词,直接加-ed play played [pleid] played enjoy enjoyed enjoyed stay stayed [steid] stayed

5、末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,双写该辅音字母,再加-ed stop stopped stopped[st?pt] plan planned planned [pl? nd] fit fitted fitted [fitid] 6、以-r 音节结尾的词,双写 r 字母, 再加-ed prefer preferred 2、不规则变化 Infinitive 原形 A Abide Arise Awake B Babysit Bear Beat Become Befall Begin babysat bore beat became befell began babysat born / borne beaten / beat become befallen begun abided/abode arose awoke/ awakened abided/abode arisen awoken simple past 过去式 past participle 过去分词 preferred[pri?f?:d] refer referred referred [ri?f?:d]

Behold Bend Beset Beseech Beset Bespeak bet betake bid bind bite bleed blow break breastfeed breed bring broadcast browbeat build burn burst bust buy C cast catch choose cling come cost creep cut D

beheld bent beset beseeched/besought beset bespoke bet betook bid/bade bound bit bled blew broke breastfed bred brought broadcast browbeat built burnt/ burned burst busted/ bust bought

beheld bent beset beseeched/besought beset bespoken bet betaken bid/bidden bound bitten bled blown broken breastfed bred brought broadcast browbeat built burnt/burned burst busted/ bust bought

cast caught chose clung came cost crept cut

cast caught chosen clung come cost crept cut

deal dig dive (jump head-first) do draw dream drink drive dwell E eat F fall feed feel fight find fit (to be right size) fit (to tailor, change size) flee fling floodlight fly forbear forbid forecast forego (also forgo) foretell forget forgive forsake forswear freeze G

dealt dug dove did drew dreamt/ dreamed drank drove dwelt/ dwelled

dealt dug dived done drawn dreamt/ dreamed drunk driven dwelt/ dwelled

ate

eaten

fell fed felt fought found fit fit/ fitted fled flung floodlit flew forbore forbade forecast/forecasted forewent foretold forgot forgave forsook foreswore froze

fallen fed felt fought found fit fit/ fitted fled flung floodlit flown forborne forbidden forecast/forecasted foregone foretold forgotten forgiven forsaken forsworn frozen

gainsay get give go grind grow H hamstring hang have hear heave hew hide hit hold hurt I inlay input inset intercut interbreed interweave K keep kneel knit know L lay lead lean leap

gainsaid got gave went ground grew

gainsaid gotten/ got given gone ground grown

hamstrung hung had heard heaved/hove hewed hid hit held hurt

hamstrung hung had heard heaved/hove hewed/hewn hidden hit held hurt

inlaid input inset intercut interbred interwove

inlaid input inset intercut interbred interwoven

kept knelt/ kneeled knit/ knitted knew

kept knelt/ kneeled knit/ knitted known

laid led leaned/ leant leapt/ leaped

laid led leaned/ leant leapt/ leaped

learn leave lend let lie light lose M make mean meet miscast mishear mislay mislead misread misspell misspend mistake misunderstand mow O offset outbid outdo outgrow output outrun outsell outshine overcome overdo overdraw overeat

learned/ learnt left lent let lay lit / lighted lost

learned/ learnt left lent let lain lit / lighted lost

made meant met miscast misheard mislaid misled misread misspelled/ misspelt misspent mistook misunderstood mowed

made meant met miscast misheard mislaid misled misread misspelled/ misspelt misspent mistaken misunderstood mowed/ mown

offset outbid outdid outgrew output outran outsold outshone overcame overdid overdrew overate

offset outbid outdone outgrown output outrun outsold outshone overcome overdone overdrawn overeaten

overfeed overfly overhang overhear overlay overlie overpay override overrun oversee oversell overshoot oversleep overspend overtake overthrow overwrite P partake pay plead pre-set proofread prove put Q quit R read rebind rebuild recast redo redraw

overfed overflew overhung overheard overlaid overlay overpaid overrode overran oversaw oversold overshot overslept overspent overtook overthrew overwrote

overfed overflown overhung overheard overlaid overlain overpaid overridden overrun overseen oversold overshot overslept overspent overtaken overthrown overwritten

partook paid pled/ pleaded pre-set proofread proved put

partaken Paid pled/ pleaded pre-set Proofread proven/ proved put

quit / quitted

quit / quitted

read (sounds like "red") rebound rebuilt recast redid redrew

read (sounds like "red") rebound rebuilt recast redone redrawn

rehear remake rend rerun resell reset resit restring retake rethink rewind rewrite rid ride ring rise run S say see seek sell send set sew shake shear shed shine shit shoe shoot show shrink

reheard remade rent reran resold reset resat restrung retook rethought rewound rewrote rid rode rang rose ran

reheard remade rent rerun resold reset resat restrung retaken rethought rewound rewritten rid ridden rung risen run

said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook sheared shed shined / shone shit/ shat/shitted shod shot showed shrank / shrunk

said seen sought sold sent set sewn/ sewed shaken shorn/ sheared shed shined / shone shit/ shat/shitted shod shot shown / showed shrunk

shut simulcast sink sing sit slay sleep slide sling slit smell smite sow speak speed spell spend spin spit split spoil spotlight spread spring stand steal stick sting stink strew stride strike strive string

shut simulcast sank sang sat slew slept slid slung slit smelled/ smelt smote sowed spoke sped / speeded spelled/ spelt spent spun spit / spat split spoiled/ spoilt spotlighted/spotlit spread sprang / sprung stood stole stuck stung stank / stunk strewed strode struck strove/strived strung

shut simulcast sunk sung sat slain slept slid slung slit smelled/ smelt smitten sowed/sown spoken sped / speeded spelled/ spelt spent spun spit / spat split spoiled/ spoilt spotlighted/spotlit spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk strewn/ strewed stridden struck/stricken striven/strived strung

strive sublet swear sweep swell swim swing T take teach tear telecast tell think throw thrust tread typecast typeset U unbend unbind underbid undercut undergo underpay undersell underlie understand undertake underwrite undo unfreeze unwind

strove/ strived sublet swore swept swelled swam swung

striven/ strived sublet sworn swept swollen, swelled swum swung

took taught tore telecast told thought threw thrust trod typecast typeset

taken taught torn telecast told thought thrown thrust trodden, trod typecast typeset

unbent unbound underbid undercut underwent underpaid undersold underlay understood undertook underwrote undid unfroze unwound

unbent unbound underbid undercut undergone underpaid undersold underlain understood undertaken underwritten undone unfrozen unwound

uphold upset W wake waylay wear weave wed weep wet win wind withdraw withhold withstand wring write

upheld upset

upheld upset

woke / waked waylaid wore wove wed/ wedded wept wet/ wetted won wound withdrew withheld withstood wrung wrote

woken / waked waylaid worn woven wed/ wedded wept wet/ wetted won wound withdrawn withheld withstood wrung written


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