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1. ____ was most important to her was her family. A. it B. this



D. as 主语从句

2. At first he hated the new job but decided to give him

self a few months to see _____it got any better.
A.When B. how C. why

D. if 宾语从句

3. See the flags on top of the building?
That was _____ we did this morning. A. When B. which C. where

D. what

4. Is there any possibility _____ you could pick me up at the airport?


---No problem.
A. When

B. that

C. whether

D. what

I. 名词性从句的引导词:
1.连接词 :that、if、whether 无意义
“是 否”


2. 连接代词 :who、 whom 、whose、 what、 which 作主/宾/ 表 3. 连接副词: when、 where、why、how


注意: 区别if 与whether

1. I don’t know __________ whether / if I’ll be free tomorrow. 2. I don’t know _______ whether or not I’ll be free tomorrow. 3. The question is _______ whether this book is worth writing.

5. It depends on _______ whether we will have enough money. 6. Whether _______ they can do it matters little to us. 7. _____ If you are not free tomorrow, I’ll go without you.



只能使用whether 的情况:
a. 主语从句并在句首 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f. 直接加动词不定式只能用whether (to do)


whether or not 直接连用时不用if

1. ____ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C.Whether D. will That that he There is no doubt____ win the first place . 2. _____ we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

that 与 what 的区别
What he said makes me happy.

That a new teacher will come is true .

that what

只起连接作用,无意义,在从句中不充当任 何成分, 且在宾语从句中有时可省。 既起连接作用, 又在从句中作 主语, 宾语, 表 语 (且在名词性从句中只有what可作表语)

That he said so made us angry . 1. _______ What he said at the meeting made us angry. _______ what you have 2. A computer can only do_________
instructed it to do.

3. 中国不再是过去的样子了。

China is no longer ______ what it used to be .
4. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a
wasteland ten years ago. (04天津)

A. what

B. which

C. that

D. where

1. That he will succeed is certain . 2. Whether he will go there is not known . 3. What he said is not true .

4. Where he hid the money is to be found out . 5. Whoever comes is welcome.

1).主语从句一律用陈述句语序,即主语在前,谓语在后. 例: 误: When will he come is not known.

正: When he will come is not known.
2).连接词that在从句中无实际意义,但不能省略. 例: 误: He will not come to the meeting this evening is true.

正: That he will not come to the meeting this evening is true.

3).whoever, whatever, whichever等词可以引导主 语从句, 但no matter who, no matter what 等不能. Whoever breaks the school rules must be punished. 试比较:Whoever breaks the schools rules, he must be punished. =No matter who breaks the school rules, he 让步状语从句 must be punished.

1.__________ Whatever was said here must be kept secret. 2._______ What we need is more time. 3._______ Who has taken away my bag is unknown. Anyone who breaks the law will be Whoever 4.__________ punished.

考点 4 :it作形式主语(主从) , 形式宾语(宾从)
it 作形式主语

1.他犯了那样一个错误真是遗憾。 ___________________________ That he made such a mistake is a pity .

It is a pity that… 2.他来不来不重要。 ________________________doesn’t matter. Whether he will come or not It doesn’t matter whether…

Can you understand them?
It is reported/ thought/said/predicted that… It is clear/necessary/certain that…

It is a pity/a shame/an honor that…
It doesn’t matter whether… It seems/appears that…

It happens that…

1.______ What he wants is a book. 2. ______ That he wants to go there is known. 3.The result is ______ that we won the game. 4.This is _____ what we want to know. 5.Is _____ what he told us true ? 6.We should pay attention to ______ what the teacher is saying. 7. I have no doubt _____ that he will come. 8. I have no idea _____ what he did that afternoon.

1) ____ want to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. A). anyone B). the one C). whoever D). who 2) ____ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. A).what B). that C). the fact D). the matter 3) ____is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger,more prosperous economy. A). As B). That C). this D). It

why you were so angry. 1. I wondered _______ 2. It all depends on whether _______ they will support us . 3. I can’t imaginewhat _______made him act like that. 4 . I’m delighted _______I have passed the exam. that 5. I find it necessary _______ that we should do the homework.



1) 宾语从句一律用陈述句的语序. 2) 引导宾语从句的连词that也无实际意义,多数 情况下可以省略. 3) whether和if都可以引导宾语从句 但: (1) 当whether后紧跟or not时, 不用if whether will stay or not. 例: I don’t know _______I (2) 介词后面的宾语从句不能用if whether I hurt her feeling. 例: I worry about __________

4) that在宾语从句中的省略与保留 (1).在主+谓+it(形式宾语)+宾补+that从句 (真正宾语) 的句型中不省略. 例: We must make it clear that we mean what we say. (2).由连词and连接的两个由that引导的宾语 从句中, that 不省略. 例: He told me that he would come and that he would come on time.

5)it 作形式宾语

(1) make /find/ feel / consider / think it + adj / n + that… / to do… (2)it 指代后面从句所叙述的内容,常用 like/dislike/love/hate/appreciate/make +it + if 或when从句 I hate it when people laugh at the disabled .

it 1. I’ve got to make clear that he told a lie. it in the autumn when the 2. I like ___
weather is clear and bright. A. this B. that C. it D. one

3. 他发现很难使别人理解他. He found it difficult to make himself understood _________________________________.

1) The shopkeeper didn’t want to sell for ____ he
thought was not enough.

A). where B). How C). what D). which 2) ---what did your parents think about your decision? ---They always let me do ____I think I should. A). when B). that C). how D). what

问题是我们是否可以信任他。 The question is whether we can rely on him.

我建议买台大电脑。 My suggestion is that we( should)buy a big computer.

她看起来要哭了。 He looked as if he was going to cry.


1) 表语从句一律用陈述句的语序. 2) 表语从句的引导词that无实际意义,但不能省略. 3) 表语从句只能用whether,而不能用if 引导. 4) 不要使用 The reason … is because that … 句型, 应使用 The reason… is that… 或 This / it /that/ is because…等句型. 例如: 今天早上他迟到的原因是因为路上行人太多. 误: The reason why he was late this morning is because that there was a lot of traffic on the road. 正: The reason why he was late this morning is that there was a lot of traffic on the road. 或:He was late this morning. That was because there was a lot of traffic on the road.

1. (2012江西,33)The fact has worried many scientists____ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A). what B). which C). though D). that 2. (2011辽宁,29)Do you have any idea ____ is actually going on in the classroom? A). that B). what C).as D). which

1)The fact that he was killed made us surprised. 2)I have no idea when he will be back. 3)We heard the news that our team had won. 4)Can you find the answer to the question what was wrong with the computer? 5)He made a suggestion that we (should) read some original English literature works.

1.同位语从句的引导词: that ,whether, how , when,
where, why等引导。

idea, fact, news, belief, thought, doubt, suggestion; proof, message, order, conclusion, desire, theory, truth, word 等.

如果that作从句中的某一成分, 则是定语从句, 如果that不 作从句中的任何成分, 则是同位语从句. 例: (1) I had no idea that it was so late. (主系表 结构, that 不作从句中的成分, 同位语从句) (2) I still remember the place that we visited last year. (主谓宾结构, that作从句中的宾 语,定语从句)

判断:定语从句(AT) ,


1.The fact that Great Britain is made up of three countries AP is still unknown to many. 2.The news that is spreading around the airport is coming. AT 3.The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. AP 4.We expressed the hope that they had expressed. AT 5. We expressed the hope that they would come to China again. AP

同位语从句的简易判断方法: 我们可以在名词和从句之间加be,使之构成一个 新句子,如果合乎逻辑,句子通顺,则是同位语 从句,定语从句是不能用系表结构把先行词与从 句连接起来的。

eg: The belief that the earth is flat is still held in some countries. The belief is that the earth is flat.


1. The photographs will show you _______. A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like

1. . News came from the school office _____ Xiao Lin had been admitted to Beijing University. A. which B. what C. that D. where 2. It is obvious to the students ______ they should get well prepared for their future. A. as B. which C. whether D. that
3. One advantage of playing the guitar is ______ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A. how B. why C. that D. when

4.(上海10年春季)What the doctors really doubt is ____ my mother will recover from the serious 表语从句 disease soon. A. when B. how C whether D. why

5.(2013江苏) We haven't settled the question of_____ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A if B where C whether D that 宾语从句
6.(00NMET ) _______we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 主语从句 A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where

7.(2000NMET) ________she couldn’t understand was ______ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. 主语从句 A. that; what B. what; why C. what; because D. why; that 8.(12湖南) She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do it takes to save her life.宾语从句 A.whichever B.however C whatever D.whoever 9.(10海南) Could I speak to is in charge of International Sales please? 宾语从句 A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever

10.(NMET) _______ we can’t get seems better than ________ we have. 主语从句 A. what; what B. what; that C. that; that D. that; what 11.( 全国卷II) ____ matters most in learning English is enough practice. 主语从句 A. what B. why C. where D. which 12.(天津卷) The last time we had great fun was _____we were visiting the Water Park. 表语从句 A. where B. how C. when D. why

Thank you

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