当前位置:首页 >> 初中教育 >>

初中英语阅读理解解题技巧


初中英语阅读理解解题技巧

二班 代宝鑫 2010061014

? 题材

初中阅读理解考查的主要 内容
及政治经济、 社会文化、 风俗习惯、 历史地理、 科学技术 综合运用所学语言知识 的能力, 包括阅读、理解、归纳 概括、逻辑推理以及对 材料的评估能力等

?

体裁

记叙文、说明文、

议论文、应用文
新闻报道、广告、 通知、操作说明、表格

命题依据
?
?

能根据不同的阅读目的,运用简单的阅读策略快 速获取细节信息。 能把握所读材料的中心思想和主要事实。 能把握所读材料的主要逻辑线索,事件和空间的 顺序。 能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解词义。 能根据上下文理解作者的态度、观点和意图。
能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故 事情节的发展和结局。

?
? ? ?

主要题型
? 理解主旨大意( To find out the main idea) ? 细节理解和细节判断( To look for details) ? 猜测词义( To guess the meaning) ? 推理判断题( To infer a conclusion)

解题步骤
一、先读问题,弄清考查要点 二、快速浏览全文,掌握全貌 三、细读原文,捕捉相关信息词 四、重读原文,仔细斟酌核对答案

主旨题常见的命题形式:
(1) What’s the main idea of the passage ? (2) This passage is mainly about……. (3) The author's purpose in writing this text is……. (4) Which of the following is the best title for the passage? (5) What’s the topic of the text?

理解主旨大意
解题技巧:
1.抓住主题句,锁定文章主旨 2.抓住段落大意,概括中心思想 3.抓住主线和关键,归纳文章中心

典例:(2011年内江市中考卷)
63、What’s the main idea of the third paragraph? A、Many parents don’t understand kids’ language in their blogs. B、Many parents are worried about these young bloggers. C、Many parents can’t understand why their kids don’t like studying. 70、What is the passage about? A、Repairing old computers. B、Selling old computers. C、Recycling old computers.

细节理解和细节判断
常考题型:
1、是非题 3、年代与数字 5、原因 7、直接信息题 9、综合信息题 2、例证题 4、比较 6、事实排序题 8、间接信息题

细节理解和细节判断
细节题常见的命题形式:
? Which of the following is True/Not True? ? In the passage, which of the following is mentioned? ? All of the following statements are true except… ? Choose the right order of the events given in the passage. ? 用Where, how, who, why, how long等引 导的特殊疑问句要求判断细节。

细节理解和细节判断
解题技巧:
(1)细心审题,直接就题找答案。 (2)变通理解,间接转述找答案。 (3)多点归纳,综合事实找答案。

典例:
? 65. Which of the following is NOT true? ? A. My brothers, my sisters and I would sometimes fight about which channel to watch when I was a child. ? B. These days, there is only one channel with old movies, cooking and fishing. ? C. People have many channels to choose from now. (2010年内江市中考卷)

猜测词义题
常见命题形式如下:
1)、The word “…” in the passage probably means_________. 2)、What does the word “…”mean______. 3)、The underlined(划线的) word means_________ 4)、The close meaning of the underlined word“…”is ___in English . 5)、The word “…”refers to ________

猜测词义题
解题技巧:
1、通过因果关系猜测词义; 2、通过同义词和近、反义词的关系猜词; 3、通过构词法猜测词义; 4、通过定义或释义说明来推测词义; 5、通过描述猜测词义; 6、用知识和生活经验猜测词义; 7、根据上下文的指代关系进行猜测。

典例:
69、In the 2nd paragraph, the close meaning of the underlined word “teased” is ___in English . (2010年内江中考卷) A. hit B. criticized C. laughed at 60.What's the Chinese meaning of the underlined word "fined"? A. 罚款 B. 给予 C. 奖励(2011年内江中 考卷)

推理判断题
1、推理深层含义的常见命题形式如下:
? We can infer from the passage that _______ ? The writer suggest that _______ ? From the passage, we can learn that _______ ? We may conclude from the passage that _______ ? From the passage, it can be inferred that _______

推理判断题
解题技巧: ? 与原文相同的细节不能选 ? 文中没有出现的细节不能跳出文章 做推断

推理判断题
2、推理作者意图、观点、态度的常见命 题方式如下:
? The writer’s purpose in writing this story is …… ? In the writer’s opinion, a good school should …… ? What should be the right attitude towards “…”? ? The writer’s attitude toward “…” is ……

例文:
We spent a day in the country picking wild flowers. With the car full of flowers we were going home. On our way back, my wife noticed a cupboard outside a shop. It was tall and narrow. “Buy it.” My wife said at once, “We’ll carry it home on the roof rack. I’ve always wanted one like that.” What could I do? Ten minutes later, I was $20 poorer, and the cupboard was tied

From the passage, we can see that in fact the husband _____the cupboard. A、thought it was worth buying B、believed they needed to buy C、was glad to have bought D、would rather not buy

实战演练
?

?

?
? ?

? ? ? ? ? ?

( C ) 10% OffShow this voucher(优惠券)at the Book Store to get a 10% discount(减价) on any books you buy. We have lots of books to choose from, including children’s books, novels, travel guides and hobbies. You’re sure to find something that you will enjoy.Assistant Wanted For a busy restaurant work on weekends. All meals are free. Call at 4323577 for more information.Lost CatHelp me find my pet cat! She is 4 years old. She has long white hair and a long tail. Her name is Cathy. Call Carrie at 2853527.Choose the best choice from A、B or C according to what you read. ( )71. If Mary wants to be an assistant, she can phone the number_B_____. A. 2853527 B. 4323577 C. 4332577 ( )72. You can get a 10% discount on any books if you_A_____at the Book Store. A. show this voucher B. buy some tickets C. buy some gifts ( )73. There are several kinds of books on sale except_C_____. A. children’s books B. travel guides C. magazines ( )74. C______lost the white cat. A. Cathy B. The assistant C. Carrie ( )75. The assistant has lunch at the restaurant, she should_A_____.[来源:学*科*网Z*X*X*K]

? ( E ) ? In the mid 1990’s, people started doing business on the Internet. There were two kinds of companies then. First, there were traditional companies. They sold things in stores. Then, there were Internet companies. They didn’t have a store, and they only sold things on the Net. ? Traditional companies didn’t want to lose any business. Quickly, they made their own websites and began selling things on the Net. These are the so-called“brick and click”companies (砖块点击公司). Many stores are made of brick. And you click on your mouse to buy things with your computer. That’s where the name“brick and click”comes from. ? By the late 1990’s, competition among Internet companies was great. So e-business like amazon.com, buy.com, and etoys.com were in trouble. Their profits (利润) were not very high. Many of these businesses were losing much money. In 2000, many e-businesses went out of business. ? Why are brick and click companies, like Barnes and Walmart so successful? First, many customers know and trust (相信) their names. Their websites are easy to remember. These companies also have a lot of experience. In a word, they

? 81. How many kinds of companies were there in the mid 1990’s? ? 82. Did Internet companies sell things in stores or on the Net? ? 83. What did the traditional companies do to keep their business? ? 84. What gave Internet companies a lot of trouble by the late 1990’s? ? 85. What can you learn from Barnes and Walmart if you have an Internet company?

? 81. Two./2./Two kinds./There were two. ? 82. On the Net/Internet. ? 83. They made their own websites/They made their own websites and began selling things on the Net. ? 84. Competition./Competition among the companies.[来源:学|科|网] ? 85. I think I should make the customers know and trust the name of my company./I should make my website easy to remember./I think I should learn a lot of successful experience if I have an Internet company.


相关文章:
初中英语阅读理解的解题技巧
初中英语阅读理解解题技巧上传: 赖芙蓉 更新时间:2013-1-18 16:34:02 初中英语阅读理解解题技巧 阅读能力在英语教学中占有重要地位, 阅读能力的培养成为英语...
初中英语阅读理解常见题型及答题技巧
英语阅读理解常见题型及答题技巧曾经就有人用"成也阅读,败也阅读"来形容中考阅 读,足可见其重要性。通过对近几年中考试卷的研究发现, 中考阅读理解的主要考查...
英语阅读理解解题技巧
英语阅读理解解题技巧_初中教育_教育专区。英语阅读理解解题技巧-解题步骤在做阅读理解时,可遵循三部曲的原则,即:快速阅读短文;认真逐 题作答;复查校对答案。 第一...
英语阅读理解解题技巧(超强)
英语阅读理解解题技巧(超强)。读理解解题技巧 教你“五个绝招”破解英语阅读理解阅读是增长知识获取信息的主要途径,阅读能力是英语教学的重点。近年来,注重对初中生...
初中英语阅读理解的解题技巧
初中英语阅读理解解题技巧_初二英语_英语_初中教育_教育专区。努力就得高分初中英语阅读理解解题技巧作者:童话 资源来源:成长博客 点击数: 304 更新时间:11/1/...
中考英语阅读理解解题技巧点拨
四、中考英语阅读题目的考查类型和解题技巧 中考英语阅读题目主要有以下四种类型,现将每一种类型的考查要点和解题技巧分析如下: 1.主旨题( To find out the ...
中考英语阅读理解解题技巧
中考英语阅读理解解题技巧_英语_初中教育_教育专区。中考英语阅读理解解题技巧 1 细节事实 新课程标准有关阅读最基本的要求是“能从一般性文章中获取和处理主要信 ...
初一英语 阅读理解解题技巧
初一英语 阅读理解解题技巧_英语_初中教育_教育专区。初一英语 阅读理解解题技巧一、阅读理解的应试策略 提高英语阅读水平并非一朝一夕所能奏效的。 要想具有较高的...
初中英语阅读理解常见题型及答题技巧[1]
初中英语阅读理解常见题型及答题技巧从近几年的中考阅读理解情况看,短文体裁多样,题材各异,文章涉及科学 知识、社会文化、政治历史、人文环境和日常生活等方面,充分...
更多相关标签:
初中英语阅读理解 | 初中英语阅读理解技巧 | 初中阅读理解解题技巧 | 初中英语学习技巧 | 英语阅读做题技巧 | 初三英语答题技巧 | 英语阅读理解解题技巧 | 初一英语阅读理解 |