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高考考点学案 定语从句


定语从句的难点与考点
定语从句概念: ①He is the man who wants to see you. ②His mother, whom he loved deeply, died ten years ago. 1. 定义:在主从复合句中 的从句叫定语从句,分为 2. 先行词: 。 3. 关系词(引导词) :引导定语从句的词叫“关系词”,分为 和 定语从句解题步骤: 第一找出先行词; 第二看先行词在定语从句中的语法功能(做主语、宾语,定语或状语) 第三选择合适的关系词。 考点复习:

degree-----where ( to which) occasion-----when ( on which) eg. 1. Sometimes you will find yourself in a situation ______you felt very embarrassed(尴尬). 2. He has reached a point _________nobody can compare with him. 注意:当先行词作从句的主语或宾语时,则用 which/that 来引导定从。 eg. I can think of many cases _______ you know nothing about. 高考真题: 1. I have reach a point in my life _____ I am supposed to make decision of my own. A. which B. where C. how D. why 2.--- Do you have anything to say for yourself? ----- Yes, there is one point _____ we must insist on. A. why B. where C. how D. / 3. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A. who B. which C. why D. when 三、 “介词+关系代词”引导定语从句 (一) 关系代词在定语从句中作介词的宾语时,为了使介宾关系紧密,常把介词提至关系代词之 、 前,构成介词+关系代词+定从这样的结构 1. The school (which / that) he once studied in is very famous. =The school_________ he once studied is very famous. 他曾经就读过的学校很出名。 2.This is the boy (whom / who / that) I played tennis with yesterday. =This is the boy___________I played tennis yesterday. 这是我昨天跟他打台球的男孩。 3. The manager whose company I work in pays much attention to improving our working conditions. =The manager ________________ I work pays much attention to improving our working conditions.我工 作的那家公司的经理十分注意改善我们的工作条件。 注意: 若介词放在关系代词前,关系代词指人时只可用_________,不可用 who, that;关系代词指物时只 可用________,不可用 that。关系代词是所有格时用_________。 (二) 、介词+关系代词”前还可有 some, any, none, all, both, neither, many, most, each, few 等代词或者数 词。如: He loves his parents deeply, both of whom are very kind to him. 俩待他都很好。 In the basket there are quite many apples, some of which have gone bad. 篮子里有好些苹果, 有些已经 坏了。 高考真题: 1. The old man has two sons, 他深深地爱着 他的父母, 他们

___

从句和 。

从句。

一、 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

先行词为时间、地点、原因名词时,何时用 when, where, why 引导定从,何时用 which/that 引 导定从。 This is the house _______he lived 10 years ago. This is the house_______ he bought 10 years ago. I will never forget the day _______ I joined the army. I will never forget the day ________ I spent with you in Beijing. I don’t believed the reason _______ he was late for school. I don’t believed the reason _______ he gave me for his absence.

归纳: 1. ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________。 高考真题: 1. A fast food restaurant is the place _______, just as the name suggested, eating is performing quickly. 2. The Science Museum, ______ we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London’s tourist attraction. A. which B. what C. that D. where 3. We are ling in an age _____ many things are done by computers. A. where B. which C. when D. that 二、当先行词是 situation, occasion, case, activity, stage, degree, point,时,且又在从句中作状语时,常关 系副词来引导定语从句。 situation/case/activity/stage-------where( in which ) point-----where ( at which)

is a soldier.

A. one of whom B. both of them C. all of whom D. none of them 2. Wind power is an ancient source of energy we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which 3. We shouldn’t spend our money testing so many people, most of ________ are healthy. A. that B. which C. what D. whom 四、关系代词 as 引导限制性定语从句 当先行词受 the same 和 such 修饰时,用______引导定语从句。 eg. 1. I’ve never heard such stories ___he tells. 我从未听过象他讲的这样的故事。 2. This is the same dictionary ____I lost last week. 这部词典跟我上星期丢失的一样。 关系代词 as 引导限制性定语从句,作从句的_____或______。 高考真题: 1. Such a book A. that

六、定语从句的主谓一致问题: 当关系代词引导定语从句,作从句的主语时,从句的谓语动词与先 行词保持一致。如: I. who ______ (be) your friend, will help you with your English. 当先行词被 one of 修饰时,若 one of 前有 the only,则从句的谓语动词用单数,没有 only 的话则用复 数。 He is one of the students who ________ never late.

译成汉语:______ 译成汉语:____

He is the only one of the students who ________ never late.

you showed me is difficult to understand. B. which C. as D. like

五、引导非限制定语从句,指代整个主句意思的关系代词有______和________. Eg. 1._____ is know to all, students in Class2 study very hard. 2. Beijing is the capital of China, _______ is known to all. 3. He came here very late, ______ was unexpected( not expected) 4. He was late again, _________ was expected. 5. She loves her youngest son best, ______ , of course , makes her other children jealous(嫉妒). 分析:as 和 which 引导非限制定语从句的区别。 a. 位置上的区别:as 引导的非限制性定语从句可以位于句首,而 which 引导的则不能。 b.意义区别:译为“正如”时优先______,也可用______。没有这个意思的用________. c. 非限制定语从句是否定句或表示否定意思时, 只能用 which.
d . as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中作主语时,从句中的谓语必须是系动词 (被动结构);若为行为动词, 则从句中的关系代词只能用 which.。

七、使用定语从句时常犯的错误 1. 宾语重复,如: This is the book my father bought it for me. 2. 缺引导词,如: Those go to school by bike don’t hold your umbrellas while riding. 3. 缺先行词,如: (1). Is this book ______you want to borrow from the library? A. that B. which C. the one D. / (2).Is this museum ___ you visited a few days ago? A. where B. that C. on which D. the one (3). Is this the museum ____ the exhibition was held? A. where B. that C. on which D. the one

e. as 构成的一些固定结构: as everybody can see as we all know as is well-known as we had expected as often happens 高考真题: 1. (06 天津,12)The Beatles, _____ many of you are old enough to remember, came from Liverpool. A. what B. that C. how D. as 2. (06 江苏, 29) The owner of the cinema needed to make a lot of improvement and employ more people to keep it running, _____ meant spending tens of thousands of pounds. A. who B. that C. as D. which 3. is known to all, China will be an advanced and powerful country in 20 or 30year’stime. A. What B. That C. As D. It

1. ---- What do you think of teaching work? ----- I found it fun and challenging. It is a job _____ you are doing something serous and interesting. A. where B. which C. that D. when 2. It’s helpful to put children in a situation _____ they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where 3. Because of the financial crisis, days are gone_____ local 5-star hotels charged 6,000 yuan for one night. A. if B. when C. which D. since 4. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity _______ sight matters more than hearing. A. when B. which C. whose D. where 5. I admire my English teacher. I can remember very few occasions _______ she stopped working because of ill health. A. that B. when C. where D. which 6. The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of __ left their village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those 7. Mr. Wang is a boss, factory Li Ping worked. A. in whose B. whose C. in whom D. of which



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