江苏省启东中学 2015-2016 学年度第一学期第一次月考
高一英语试卷 第 I 卷 （选择题， 共 85 分）
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
听下面 5 段
对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时 间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How will the woman pay? A. By cash. B. By credit card. C. By check. 2. Where was the man born? A. In America. B. In Canada. C. In England. 3. Which season is it now? A. Spring. B. Summer. C. Winter. 4. When will the man get on a plane? A. At 8:00. B. At 8:15. C. At 8:30. 5. Where does the woman want to go? A. Spain. B. Sweden. C. Switzerland. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题， 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将 有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What can’t Janie understand? A. Her homework. B. Her history test. C. Her English paper. 7. Who will the man help? A. His father. B. His sister. C. The woman. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Who read to the girls? A. The woman. B. Only the man. C. The man and his wife. 9. When did the girls start reading well? A. At five. B. At six. C. At seven. 10. What does the man think the woman’s son should do now? A. Read a lot. B. Do whatever he likes. C. Learn from the man’s daughters. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What’s wrong with the man? A. He has got a cold again.
B. He gets tired easily in winter. C. He has been seriously ill for a week. 12. What may the man begin to try? A. Riding a bike. B. Going to the gym. C. Climbing the stairs. 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Co-workers. B. Husband and wife. C. Doctor and patient. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. What does the man want the woman to do? A. Help him with his research paper. B. Go on a business trip with him. C. Write a report for him. 15. When would the man like the woman to be finished? A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Next Monday. 16. Where will the woman go on Thursday afternoon? A. To the library. B. To a meeting room. C. To a café . 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where is Las Vegas? A. In the desert. B. Near a forest. C. Close to New York. 18. What is Las Vegas famous for? A. Swimming pools. B. Fashion. C. Card games. 19. Which is popular with kids? A. Museums. B. Restaurants. C. Music clubs. 20. What is the purpose of this introduction to Las Vegas? A. To teach visitors about playing cards. B. To get families to bring their children. C. To suggest different activities for visitors. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）w_w w k#s5_uc o*m 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 21. —Sorry, I have only 10 dollars to ________ to those earthquake victims.. —Don’t worry, sir. Every little bit of kindness helps. A. devote B. change C. donate D. introduce 22. _______respect, _______yourselves to ______high grades is the best way. A. To earn; devote; achieving B. Earn; devoting; achieve C. To earn; devoting; achieving D. Earning; devote; achieve 23. The River Nile______ flood large areas, but now the waters of it _____ electricity. A. is used to; used to produce B. used to; used to produce C. used to; are used to producing D. used to; are used to produce 24. —It is a lovely day, isn’t it? —Yes, I love _______ when the weather is like this. Why not sit outside to have our lunch? A. this B. that C. it D. one 25. Realizing that she ______ late for school, the girl had none of the bread prepared
by Mum and hurried out. A. had been B. is C. was D. would be 26. —Why didn’t you answer the phone when I called you last night? —Sorry, I __________ a bath upstairs. A. am having B. have C. was having D. had 27. We should go to the cinema early. __________ , there won’t be any tickets left. A. However B. Otherwise C. Besides D. Instead 28. —What _____ great fun it would be if we could celebrate his birthday! — Forget it! The teacher in _____ charge of our dorm won’t be happy to see that. A. /; / B. /; the C. a; the D. a; / 29. The homework is not as heavy as ________he used to get. All________ he needs to do is improve English. A. what, that B. that, which C. which, that D. what, which 30. The day he had been looking forward to ________ at last. A. came B. come C. has come D. coming 31. —Would you take this along to the office for me? — A. With pleasure. B. That’s right. C. Never mind. D. Don’t mention it. 32. Working there is ____unforgettable experience because I gained a lot of _______. A. a; experience B. an; experience C. /; experiences D. /; experience 33. —I still remember my wonderful stay there ________ I worked in the distant mountain village. —But everything is changing so fast, the persons there aren’t the ones ______they used to be. A. when; that B. where; whom C. during which; who D. which; what 34. People living in the areas where there is a lack of electricity often keep some candles ________ power fails. A. in order that B. in case C. even if D. as if 35. At present, we are studying a total of nine subjects, ________ I think is physics. A. of them the most difficult B. and the most difficult of which C. the most difficult of them D. the most difficult of which 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卡上涂黑。 When in the fifth grade, I found my life lesson in a different kind of books. On the surface, The Prince of Tennis is a graphic(连环画) book about a boy who’s determined to become the best __36__ player in the world. It seems to be just a(n) __37__read,
but to me, it is much more difficult. To me, it’s a book about surpassing(超越) one’s limits, and about __38__ higher. When I read it I found Ryoma Echizen to be a typical grade school kid with a big __39__. He looks proud; __40__ , he’s always __41__ by his height and his young age. When he arrives in Japan with his family, no one __42__ who he is. When he tries out for the tennis team at his junior high school as a new student, no one __43__ he can make it. What makes Ryoma __44__ from others of his age is not his strong wish to become the best. Rather it’s his __45__ to get rid of his own self-limitations in order to realize his dream. To Ryoma, there’s no __46__. Sixty years later, I still __47__ by the principles( 原则 ) that Ryoma and his teammates __48__ me, and particularly by one sentence from the book: “The master painter makes art with any brush.” In Ryoma’s case, the brush given to him was not __49__ . He was placed in a world where others laughed at his ambitions(志向) __50__ they laughed at his height. And yet, he __51__ all the difficulties and makes waves across the entire nation. With his dusty and damaged brush, Ryoma __52__ a portrait(肖像) of himself that nobody could ever erase. The Prince of Tennis taught me that __53__ work and self-limitations are stepping stones towards one’s goal in life. Overcoming(克服) self-limitations is a difficult task, but surpassing them can help test one’s true __54__ . Painting with a bad brush is a challenging job, but not a(n) __55__ one. 36. A. volleyball B. tennis C. basketball D. football 37. A. interesting B. quiet C. important D. easy 38. A. aiming B. flying C. jumping D. floating 39. A. medal B. chance C. dream D. promise 40. A. indeed B. therefore C. anyhow D. however 41. A. shocked B. described C. troubled D. seen 42. A. knows B. guesses C. shows D. agrees 43. A. forgets B. believes C. understands D. accepts 44. A. work out B. pick out C. stand out D. get out 45. A. pressure B. plan C. way D. decision 46. A. problems B. limits C. results D. levels 47. A. move B. win C. live D. pass 48. A. sent B. taught C. offered D. served 49. A. good B. suitable C. special D. true 50. A. unless B. because C. though D. like 51. A. solves B. crosses C. reduces D. skips 52. A. cleans B. paints C. sells D. hangs 53. A. daily B. extra C. hard D. practical 54. A. ability B. knowledge C. choice D. experience 55. A. impolite B. useless C. unnecessary D. impossible 第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C 和 D 中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Our lifestyles today are very busy. We have family, school, sports, entertainment
and social activities to fit into a time that seems never enough. We need to be healthy to meet the demands of daily life. But what does it mean to have a healthy lifestyle? To have a healthy lifestyle, we need to: ◆ eat different kinds of healthy food most of the time ◆ do exercise often ◆ have time to relax ◆ get enough sleep to give our bodies time to grow healthy and strong Read about a normal day in the lives of two children.
Abbey gets up at 7:00 am, feeds Carl gets up at 8:30 am and has two the dog, and has cereal and a glass of pieces of bread with jam and a glass of juice for breakfast. She walks to milk for breakfast. His mother drives him school with her friend, Julia. She has a to school on her way to work. He eats bag of chips for a morning snack, cookies with juice for morning snack and drinks water, and has a chicken and a pot pie ordered from the school lunch lettuce sandwich with a banana for room with juice for lunch. He likes to lunch. She likes to play soccer with her play card games with his friends at friends at lunch and morning break lunchtime and climb the fixed equipment time. She walks home with Julia, has at morning break time. He catches the some crackers with cheese and juice for bus home, has a cereal bar and a can of afternoon snack and plays with the dog soda for afternoon snack, then watches for a while. She plays computer games some television. He has a shower before for an hour or two before dinner, then dinner, then plays the computer for an has a shower and does her homework. hour or two. He goes to bed at about She watches her favorite television 10:30 pm. show for an hour, then usually goes to bed at about 9:30 pm. No matter which kind of lifestyle you agree on, just remember it’s important to balance all aspects of life. 56. About a healthy lifestyle, the writer doesn’t talk about __________. A. diet B. medicine C. relaxation D. exercise 57. What can we learn from the article? A. Abbey does her homework first after school. B. Abbey plays soccer with her friends at school. C. Carl goes to school by bus every day. D. Carl has juice for breakfast. 58. Where is the article probably from? A. A sports guidebook. B. A clothing website. C. A health magazine. D. A travel advertisement.
B I studied nursing mainly because I wanted to help other people out. Ever since I was a little kid, I’ve liked to help others out whether by comforting them or by helping them make new friends. I’ve got a great deal of comfort from seeing other people happy. I’ve always tried to make others laugh and be able to enjoy themselves. So I knew I could help the world by becoming a nurse. Becoming a nurse wasn’t an easy decision thought. I knew it would cost me a good amount of time and effort because medicine is not an easy field to work in. I had to decide if becoming a nurse was worth the time and effort that I had to put into school. I knew that in the end, it would all be worth it. I encourage others to try to become a nurse too. It is a field both men and women can work in even though most people think it is a woman’ job. A man can do the job just as well as a woman can. It is a very interesting job and you will never see something twice. Each patient brings different problems that you have to try to help with. It requires you to have much patience and to be able to work long, flexible hours. You can be called in at any time if there is an emergency. I still think it is a great career though and you are paid a significant amount of money. According to American news, the average salary for a nurse in 2013 was $67,930 a year. That is a good amount of money that any one can live off. The average salary in American is $50,502 a year so by becoming a nurse, you’ll be paid about $17,000 more a year than the average American. Also, with more years of experience, your pay will go up and you can be promoted(晋升) to a registered nurse or the head nurse. Becoming a nurse has its advantages and disadvantages, but studying to become a nurse was one of the best decisions of my life. I suggest that you do the same if you’re unsure of what career to choose. 59. The author chose to become a nurse mainly because nursing __________. A. offered her a chance to help others B. was her dream from an early age C. enabled her to enjoy herself D. made her feel comfortable 60. In the author’s opinion, being a nurse requires____________. A. a good knowledge of medicine B. a long time to study and a great deal of effort C. excellent performance at school D. support from parents 61. The fifth paragraph is mainly to tell us that_______________ A. nursing is becoming more popular due to high salaries B. it is easy for nurses to earn high salaries C. nurses have the highest salary in America D. becoming a nurse is a good choice C Starlings(欧椋鸟) do not have the most beautiful singing voices in the world but they are excellent copycats——or copybirds! They copy what they hear most often. And they can bark like dogs, baa like sheep, and cry like kids. Noisy and gregarious, starlings spend a lot of the year in groups. At first, young
starlings can make simple sounds to talk to other starlings. But soon, they add copycat sounds to their songs. A whole group of starlings is likely to hear and copy the same sounds. Yet scientists have never found two males that sing exactly the same song. Each male uses copycat sounds to make his song creative. Every spring, a male starling sings to find a mate(配偶). The longer and more difficult his song, the more likely he is to find a female. No one knows why. Maybe females know that the best singers keep other birds away, which eat starling eggs. Or maybe females know that the best singers find the tastiest bugs for their baby starlings. Besides singing to find a mate, the male protects his nest with all the sounds he’s learned. He stands straight and tall. His song tells other starlings, “This is my nest. Go away!’’ Each season, he adds more sounds, making himself more attractive to females and more fearsome to his competition. Starlings steals not only sounds but other birds’ nests, too! They use holes or openings that are already there as places to build their nests. They are just as happy to take over the big tree holes that other birds build. And people often find that the birdhouse they built for bluebirds is now home to starlings. If you find a springtime nest, watch and listen. You might see nest-building, or a mother starling warming her eggs, or baby starlings eating. And if you hear a dog barking or a kid crying, look up into a tree. It may be a starling adding another sound to its song. 62. What do we know about starling? A. They are the best singing birds. B. They are good at copying voices C. They can copy the sound of any bird. D. They learn the same sounds in a group. 63. The underlined word “gregarious” in paragraph 2 probably refers to birds _____ A. like to live together B. are friendly to others C. are busy all the year round D. communicate with each other. 64. Songs of male starlings can help them to _________ A. find tasty food B. warm other starlings C. show love to their young babies D. show they’re the best singers in the world 65. When building their nests, starlings__________. A. usually ask other birds or help B. take over others’ nests as their own C. often fight against others for tree holes D. like to build their nests close to bluebirds’ 66. The passage is written to ____________. A. tell us about different kinds of starlings B. call on more research on starlings C. ask people to protect starlings D. introduce a kind bird D No one knows for sure when advertising first started. It is possible that it grew out of the discovery that some people did certain kinds of work better than others did them. That led to the concept of specialization, which means that people would specialize, or
focus on doing one specific job. Let’s take a man we’ll call Mr. Fielder for example. He did everything connected with farming. He planted seeds, tended the fields, and harvested and sold his crops. At the same time, he did many other jobs on the farm. However, he didn’t make the bricks for his house, cut his trees into boards, make the plows, or any of other hundreds of things a farm needs. Instead, he got them from people who specialized in doing each of those things. Suppose there was another man we shall call Mr. Plowright. Using what he knew about farming and working with iron, Mr. Plowright invented a plow that made farming easier. Mr. Plowright did not really like farming himself and wanted to specialize in making really good plows. Perhaps, he thought, other farmers will trade what they grow for one of my plows. How did Mr. Plowright let people know what he was doing? Why, he advertised, of course. First he opened a shop and then he put up a sign outside the shop to attract customers. That sign may have been no more than a plow carved into a piece of wood and a simple arrow pointing to the shop door. It was probably all the information people needed to find Mr. Plowright and his really good plows. Many historians believe that the first outdoor signs were used about five thousand years ago. Even before most people could read, they understood such signs. Shopkeepers would carve into stone, clay, or wood symbols for the products they had for sale. A medium, in advertising talk, is the way you communicate your message. You might say that the first medium used in advertising was signs with symbols. The second medium was audio, or sound, although that term is not used exactly in the way we use it today. Originally, just the human voice and maybe some kind of simple instrument, such as a bell, were used to get people’s attention. A crier, in the historical sense, is not someone who weeps easily. It is someone, probably a man, with a voice loud enough to be heard over the other noises of a city. In ancient Egypt, shopkeepers might hire such a person to spread the news about their products. Often this earliest form of advertising involved a newly arrived ship loaded with goods. Perhaps the crier described the goods, explained where they came from, and praised their quality. His job was, in other words, not too different from a TV or radio commercial in today’s world. 67. What probably led to the start of advertisement? A.The specialization of labor. B. The development of farming techniques. C. The appearance of new jobs. D. The discovery of iron. 68. The writer makes up the two stories of Mr. Fielder and Mr. Plowright in order to __________. A.expose problems in advertising B. predict the future of advertising C. provide suggestions for advertising D. explain the origin of advertising 69. In ancient Egypt, a crier was probably someone who __________. A. had the loudest voice B. took possession of a ship C. ran a shop selling goods to farmers D. functioned like today’s TV or radio commercial 70. The last two paragraphs are mainly about __________. A. the basic design of advertising B. the early forms of
advertising C. the benefits of advertising
D. the history of advertising
第 II 卷 （非选择题， 共 35 分）
第四部分 单词拼写 （满分 5 分）
1. — Hi, Mike, you look tired today. — Yes, I stayed up late last night, making p ________for my speech. 2. It is really _________ for me to finish all the work in 2 hours. (有挑战性的) 3. I look back on my time in the UK with ___________________.(满意) 4. Mr Black won’t a__________ of your smoking in the meeting room. 5. A good teacher should develop the students’ ability to observe and think i___________ so that they won’t depend on others for everything. 第五部分 完成句子（ 一空一词，满分 5 分） 1. It ___________ _____________ there is something wrong with the machine. 机器听上去有问题。 2. What a beautiful town it ________ ________ _______! Now there are so many factories and so much pollution. 这座小镇早先是多么美丽！现在工厂很多，污染很严重。 3. ___________ __________ the room, she sat down and began to read. 她一进房间便坐下来看书。 4. Our club is much ________ ________ just music. 我们的俱乐部不只是播放音乐。 5. Please _______ us ________ any changes in the address. 如果地址有任何变化，请通知我们。 第六部分 任务型阅读（10 分） Studying Abroad Nowadays, studying abroad gains popularity in China. Many rich parents would rather send their children abroad to receive education than let them be educated in China. As every coin has two sides, studying abroad is not an exception. There are advantages for people to attend school abroad. In the first place, he can use the foreign language in his daily life so that his ability in the second language may be greatly improved, as it is obvious that there is no better chance to improve second-language than living in the country where it is spoken. While studying in a foreign country, he will most likely meet many others from overseas and it is possible to make friends from all over the world. This is not only exciting on the social level, but could lead to important overseas contacts in his career as well. He can get familiar with the latest knowledge in science and make use of the first-rate facilities (设备) available. In this way, there is every chance that he is able to widen his horizon (眼界) and broaden his mind. Of course, attending schools abroad may bring about a series of problems. The most serious problem is language barrier (障碍). Most of the students who go abroad don’t have enough skills in the language spoken there. As a result, on arriving there, they will find it difficult to understand what the teachers say. Besides, for lack of
knowledge of the customs of the local people, they may constantly run into trouble in dealing with various situations. Therefore, given an opportunity to attend a school abroad, one must consider both sides of the factors carefully before making up his mind. Title: Studying Abroad Phenomenon Sending children abroad to receive __________with many rich parents. education is (1)
● Children have the (2) __________ chance to improve the second language because they can use it (3) __________. ● They can make friends with other students from (4) __________. ● They can (5) __________ of the latest knowledge in science and have access to the best facilities. ● Language barrier is the number one problem. Because students are not (7) ___________ at the language spoken there, they will have difficulty in (8)__________ what the teachers say. ● It is not easy for them to deal with cross-culture communication for lack of knowledge of the customs of the locals. Both sides of the factors should be (10) __________ carefully before one makes a decision.
第七部分 书面表达（15 分） 为提高高一学生的英语口语水平，校学生会将举办一次英语演讲比赛，请感兴 趣的同学于 10 月 15 前到学生会办公室报名。比赛时间：10 月 22 号晚上 7 点；比 赛地点：学校会议室。到时会邀请 5 位英语老师当评委(judge)，奖励前 5 名。 组织者：学生会。通知发布日期：2015 年 10 月 8 日 要求：适当发挥，字数 80-100 个词。