当前位置:首页 >> 高中教育 >>

英语高考专题 阅读理解之猜测词义


2012 年英语高考专题

October.17

Check the answers coot 白骨顶(鸟) a kind of bird

sneak
deception

take 偷偷地拿 sth. secretly 欺骗 cheat, trick
理解 underst

and find, 发现 realize 入侵者 sb. who enters an area illegally

catch on
spot intruders

How do you deal with the unfamiliar words or phrases while reading?
?Look them up in the dictionary ?Ignore them and continue reading ?Guess the meaning

考纲要求
You are required to guess 高考阅读理解要求考生应能根据上 the meanings of new words, 下文提供的语境(context)推测生词 expressions and sentences 的词义,进而加深对文段的理解。 according to the context.

常见提问形式
1) What does the underlined word “…” in the first paragraph mean?

2) Which of the following is the closest in meaning to the underlined word?
3) The underlined word “…”most probably means____. 4) The underlined word “…” could best be replaced by _____. 5) According to the passage, the underlined word “…” is closest in meaning to“______”.

Good language learners learn to make intelligent guesses.

How can we guess out the meanings of the unknown words?
.

1. Word-formation
合成法:由两个或两个以上的词组成一个新 Compounding 合成法 词


派生法:也叫词缀法,一般是通过在已有词 语的词根加上前缀或后缀而形成的一个新词 Derivation 派生法 转化法:不通过给一个已有的词语加上前缀 或后缀却能改变词语的词性或词义。



Conversion 转化法

snow-white ice-covered good-looking typewriter absent-minded darkroom downtown sightseeing nightlife

雪白的 冰雪覆盖的 好看的 打印机 心不在焉的 暗室 市中心 游览,观光 夜生活

dislike retell postwar endanger impossible cooperate semicircle unnecessary supermarket misunderstand

golden worker foolish useless national friendly direction childhood happiness movement

dislike retell prefixes postwar endanger impossible cooperate semicircle unnecessary supermarket misunderstand

golden suffixes worker foolish useless national friendly direction childhood happiness movement

Have you booked your ticket? (n.—v.)

His hair is beginning to grey. (adj.—v.)
Let me have a try. (v.—n.)

Tom went home early. (n.—adv.)
首先要熟悉基本的构词法及其规律, 其次要掌握一定的词根和词缀。

Guess the missing words
book I removed a ______ from the shelf. shelf and began to read. He would ___ the money from his steal Henry is a thief: he would _____ the grandma. money from his grandma and not feel guilty.

2. Context
Definition Given information Common sense

Definition
means, that is(to say), or, or rather, i.e., in other words, namely, :,( ), —— 来确
定词义。 通过定义,定语从句,同位语短语或从句,is,

1.It will be very hard but also very brittle-that is, it will break easily. that is

A. easily broken B. soft inside
C. very hard D. expensive

sheep 2. The herdsman, who looks after sheep, earns about 650 yuan a month. A. keeper of a group of animals, esp. cattle B. a butcher C. a man who sell sheep D. a person who looks after and kills animals 3. The word “adolescence” means the period means between children and adulthood. A. 少儿期 B. 幼儿期 C. 青春期 D. 成人期

Given information
根据对比和转折关系
Although the early morning had been Although very cool, the noonday sun was tropical. hot 炎热的 He had been getting better but during but the night his condition deteriorated. got worse 恶化 表对比转折关系的词常有but, while, however, instead of , rather than , unlike, yet, though, otherwise等。

根据同义词反义词进行猜测
The football player was penalized for unnecessary roughness and the punishment punishment was a good lesson for him. 惩罚 punished quickly He replied quickly, but after he considered the problem more carefully, he regretted having made such a hasty decision. 仓促的,草率的 rapid; quick

Unlike her gregarious sister, Unlike Jane is a shy, unsociable person who does not like to go to parties or make new friends.
sociable 爱社交的 信号词常有but, while, however, unlike等。

根据因果关系猜词
All his attempts to unlock the door was futile, because she was using the wrong key. in vain 徒劳的,无效的 I found I was paying too much attention to the job and thus sacrificing my study thus time. giving up sth. in 牺牲
order to get sth. more important

根据因果关系猜词

常用关联词如: because,as,

since,for,so,as a result, so, so … that, such … that 等
表示前因后果。

根据平行结构猜词
Most women in China—the educated and illiterate, the urban and rural, the young and old—work to earn an income young and old in addition to maintaining their roles as housewives and mothers. illiterate(uneducated) 未受教育的 It is really causing slight anger or irritation. anger 愤怒

根据平行结构猜词

Pay attention to such words or phrases: and, but, or,

than, more than, rather than, etc.

根据列举猜词
I have found Lucy is quite generous, example, for example whenever she meets a beggar, she gives some coins to him. be willing to give sth freely 慷慨的 Wild flowers such as orchids and such as primroses are becoming rare. two kinds 报春花 兰花, of flowers 常用的关联词有:for example, e.g, such as, such .etc

3. Common sense
利用常识、自己的经验、经历及社会、科技等 方面的知识猜词。

But sometimes, no rain falls for a long, long time. Then there will be a drought.

旱灾
The snake slithered through the grass.

爬行, 滑行

1.Word-formation 2. Context clues 1) Definition 2) Given information .Comparison and contrast .Synonyms and antonyms .Cause and effect .Parallel .Example 3) Common sense

ATTENTION
特别提醒:
在推测生词的过程中不一定只用一种方法,可能 会综合运用两种或几种方法,不管用什么办法都离不 开对生词所处的上下文(即语境)的理解。

Competition

1.We like our new house because it has a few elms in the backyard that will give us shade and keep the house cooler. A. a kind of building B. a kind of animal 榆树 C. a kind of tree D. a kind of grass
2. Mike gave his sister a small, red tulip because he knows how much she likes natural things. A. radio B. 郁金香 flower C. jewelry D. toy

3. The driver tried to avert the accident by bringing the car to a sudden stop. A. avoid 避免 B. cause C. notice D. keep

4. Sabots, or wooden shoes, are frequently worn by the field workers in Belgium and France. A. a kind of clothes B. a kind of caps D. a kind of trousers

木鞋 C. a kind of shoes

5.Archaeology is the study of the buried remains of ancient times, such as houses, pots, tools and weapons. A. 地理 B. 生态学 C. 心理学 D. 考古学 6.The football game was getting more and more exciting, however, the old lady was still as dozy as she usually was. A. 昏昏欲睡的 C. 欣喜若狂的 B. 亢奋的 D. 麻木的

7.She did not hear what you said because she was completely engrossed in her reading. A. 心不在焉的 B. 紧张的

C. 全神贯注的

D. 睡意浓的

8.Just for fun, they decided to try a very circuitous country road instead of the more direct highway.

迂回的 A. Direct B. indirect C. straight D. secret

9. She asked the hairdresser to trim her hair because it was too long. 10. Mark Twain was not the author?s real name; it was a pseudonym. 11. Finally the enemy surrendered. They threw down their guns and walked out of the home with their hands over their heads. 12. The shop sells stationery, such as pens, pencils, paper, envelopes, and so on. 13. He is one of the most loquacious men I know .His brother, however, does not like to talk much.

修剪

笔名

投降

文具 健谈的

A two-bedroom flat in Moscow now costs $4,000 a month; a CD $24.83, and an international newspaper $6.30, according to Mercer. By comparison a fast food meal By comparison, with a hamburger is a steal at $4.80. 14. What do the underlined words “a steal” in Paragraph 3 mean? A. an act of stealing B. something delicious C. something very cheap D. an act of buying

Please stay on permitted paths. Otherwise you may destroy desert plants. Pack out what you pack in, so you leave no signs of so leave no signs of your visit. It is important to keep in mind your visit that you are in a national park where wildlife exists. 15. What do the underlined words “pack out what you pack in” in Paragraph 4 probably mean? A.keep everything out of campgrounds. B. take away everything you bring in. C. carry all the necessary food. D. look after your personal belongings.

Finish the reading comprehension in your learning plan.

By the end of the seventeenth century , when newspapers were beginning to be read by more People, printed materials became all important way to promote products and services .The London Gazette was the first newspaper to set aside a place just for advertising .This was so successful that by the end of the century several companies started businesses for the purpose of making newspaper ads for merchants.(2011全国I,B)

61. What does the word “This” in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. Advertising in newspapers. B. Including pictures in ads. C. Selling goods in markets.

D. Working with ad agencies.

By the end of the seventeenth century , when newspapers were beginning to be read by more People, printed materials became all important way to promote products and services.The London Gazette was the first newspaper to set aside a place just for just for advertising .This was so successful that by the end of the century several companies started businesses for the purpose of making newspaper ads for merchants.(2011全国I,B)

Can dogs and cats live in perfect harmony in the same home? People who are thinking about adopting a dog as a friend for their cats are worried that they will fight. A recent research has found a new recipe of success. According to the study, if the cat is adopted before the dog, and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats, a year for dogs), it is highly probable that the two pets will get along swimmingly. Two-thirds of the homes interviewed reported a positive relationship between their cat and dog. (2011 广东B)

31. The underlined word swimmingly in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ______. A. early C. quickly B. lowly D. smoothly

Can dogs and cats live in perfect harmony in the same home? People who are thinking about adopting a dog as a friend for their cats are worried that they will fight. A recent research has found a new recipe of success. According to the study, if the cat is adopted before the dog, and if they are introduced when still young (less than 6 months for cats, a year for dogs), it is highly probable that the two pets will get along swimmingly. Two-thirds reported a positive of the homes interviewed reported a positive relationship between their cat and dog. (2011 广东B)

The real reason why I ask students to leave technology at the door is that I think there are very few places in which we can have deep conversations and truly engage complex ideas. Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas. I want students to dig deep within themselves for inspiration and ideas. I want them to push each other to think differently and make connections between the course the material and the class discussion. (2011北京卷 C)

64. The underlined word “engage "in para.4 probably means ____ A. explore C. change B. accept D. reject

The real reason why I ask students to leave technology at the door is that I think there are very few places in which we can have deep conversions and truly engage complex ideas. Interruptions by technology often break concentration and allow for too much dependence on outside information for ideas. I want students to dig deep within themselves for inspiration and ideas. I want them to push each other to think differently and make connections between the course the material and the class discussion. (2011北京卷 C)

I didn?t hear them call my name,“ explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting moment on national television when she won the honor of Miss Teen USA 2004. ”Are you ready?“ is what she heard. Then she said, ”I shook my head no, and then they said ?yes? and it was announced again.“ It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from Destrehan, Louisiana----she was still on cloud nine.(2011全国卷II E)

56. What do the words “on cloud nine” in Paragraph 2 probably mean? A. frightened B. troubled C. very happy D. very angry

I didn?t hear them call my name,“ explained Shelley Hennig to Active Teens (AT) as she talked about that exciting moment on national television when she won the honor of Miss Teen USA 2004. ”Are you ready?“ is what she heard. Then she said, ”I shook my head no, and then they said ?yes? and it was announced again.“ It was four days after that life changing moment for the seventeen-year-old high school student from Destrehan, Louisiana----she was still on cloud nine. (2011全国卷II E)

No difficult words to a willing heart! Try your best to guess the meanings of new words and expressions in the context!

Assignments
? Review what we have learned in this class. ? Finish reading comprehension on your textbook.(P122&P123)


相关文章:
高考英语阅读理解词义猜测题 附答案
暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档阅读理解专项突破 III 词义猜测【命题特点】 考查根据上下文推测生词和短语的能力,突出考查对语境的分析和把握的能力。 【常见...
高考阅读理解之猜测词义
高考阅读理解词义猜测题解题技巧 猜词悟义是应用英语的重要能力,也是高考阅读理解中必考的题型。它不但需要准确无 误地理解上下文,而且要有较大的泛读量,掌握或认识...
2014高考英语 阅读理解专题指导 猜测词义题
2014高考英语 阅读理解专题指导 猜测词义题_高考_高中教育_教育专区。英语阅读理解专题指导-猜测词义题在阅读中我们经常会遇到许多生词。这时许多同学立即翻阅词典,查找...
高考英语阅读理解猜测词义题解题技巧(教师版)
高考英语阅读理解猜测词义题解题技巧(教师版)_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语阅读理解猜测词义题解题技巧在阅读中我们经常会遇到许多生词。这时许多同学立即...
英语高考专题 阅读理解之猜测词义
() 策划:高三英语组 编写:顾婷 曲塘中学高三英语导学案 英语高考专题 阅读理解 特别提醒: 在推测生词的过程中不一定只用一种方法,可能会综合运用两种或几种方法,...
高考英语阅读理解专题之猜测词义
高考英语阅读理解专题之猜测词义_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专项复习三 阅读理解之词义猜测 一、考试要求:词义猜测是应用英语的重要能力, 也是高考阅读理解中...
英语高考阅读微技能训练之专题一 猜测词义
384016615.doc (1) The road narrows gradually 高考英语阅读微技能训练 专题猜测词义猜词悟义是应用英语的重要能力, 也是高考阅读理解中必考的题型。 同学们应...
2013年高考英语一轮复习学案专题19: 阅读理解之词义猜测题
2013年高考英语一轮复习学案专题19: 阅读理解之词义猜测题_初三数学_数学_初中教育_教育专区。2013年新课标高考英语第一轮复习学案专题讲解 教师版(专题一至专题二...
最新高考英语阅读理解专题 猜测词义题 完整版
最新高考英语阅读理解专题 猜测词义题 完整版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。直接锁定高考英语的出题思路和发展轨迹,精选最典型的高考真题和仿真题,瞄准高考英语高考试题考...
更多相关标签:
阅读理解专项猜测词义 | 英语阅读理解猜测词义 | 词义猜测题 | 根据上下文猜测词义 | 英语猜测词义 | 高考英语词义猜测题 | 猜测词义 | 高考英语猜测词义 |