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2013届江阴市高三英语适应性练习


江阴市 2013 届高三英语适应性练习 第I卷 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分)

第一部分

第一节 单项填空(共 15 分) 21. —What are your _____? —I’ve got a terrible headache, a sore throat and my whole body is really ac

hing. I’ve completely lost my appetite. A. symptoms B. sicknesses C. diseases D. troubles 22. “Baoxing was completely _____ from the outside world at the time. There was no medication and no supplies, nothing.” said the rescuer. A. cut off B. cut in C. cut down D. cut up 23. A total of 102 H7N9 cases _____ in China by April 21, 2013, including 20 ending in death. A. have confirmed B. have been confirmed C. had confirmed D. had been confirmed 24. Launched in March 2010, China Face has been a daily news feature focusing on a Chinese individual, ______ life and experience reflect society’s pulse. A. which B. whose C. who D. whom 25. _______ (devote ) himself to working hard in the lab for 15 years, the scientist finally made a breakthrough in the cancer research. A. Having been devoted B. Devoting C. Having devoted D. Devoted 26. —Don’t press the red button, John. — What if I _____ ? A. will B. shall C. did D. would 27. The majority of the students in senior high schools are working hard in order to enter ______ they think are the ideal universities in the future. A. which B. that C. what D. who 28. —At times, you may complain that life is unfair. Some have all the luck ______ you seem to have none. —But all we need to do is challenge ourselves rather than complaining or doing nothing. A. while B. when C. but D. as 29. All the new students were given one minute to _____ introduce themselves to the whole class. A. seriously B. briefly C. rapidly D. gradually 30. _______ studying, living in a foreign country helps learners see more of the world. A. Except for B. Apart from C. Instead of D. But for 31. —What an amazing film! It’s the most wonderful film I’ve ever seen. —I can’t agree more. It won’t interest ____________, though. A. somebody B. anybody C. nobody D. everybody 32. —Could I have a word with you, Mr. White? —Uhm, if you _____. A. can B. must C. may D. should 33. —Why can’t I smoke here? —At no time _____ in our company. Our boss has forbidden us from doing so.

A. is smoking permitted B. smoking permits C. smoking is permitted D. does smoking permit 34. They must have come here the day before yesterday, _____? A. mustn’t they B. didn’t they C. mustn’t have they D. had they 35. —Shall I give you a hand with this as you are so busy now? —Thank you. _______. A. Of course you can B. If you like C. It’s up to you D. It couldn’t be better 第二节 完形填空(共 20 分) When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, “Well, it’s so-and-so’s fault.” or “I know I’m late, but it’s not my fault; the car broke down.” It is 36 not your fault, but once you form the habit of 37 somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a 38. You have no power and could do 39 that helps to change the situation. 40 , you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to make the situation better. This is the winner’s 41 to success. Winners are great at 42 problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more 43 . Or, you might start to 44 along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when 45 . For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for 46 of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. 47 to work with a different person, or don’t rely on the person. You should 48 that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague 49 to do his job well. This is what being a winner is all about—creatively using your skills and talents so that you are 50 no matter what happens. Winners don’t have 51 problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situations to 52 as anybody else. They are just better 53 seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to 54 their own talents. So, stop focusing on “whose fault it is.” Once you are 55 about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stones for success. 36. A. absolutely B. extremely C. definitely D. probably 37. A. blaming B. scolding C. discovering D. considering 38. A. winner B. loser C. success D. failure 39. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything 40. A. Somehow B. However C. Therefore D. Thus 41. A. key B. method C. trick D. solution 42. A. finding B. realizing C. recognizing D. overcoming 43. A. regularly B. correctly C. carefully D. patiently 44. A. take B. carry C. bring D. get 45. A. in terror B. in practice C. in advance D. in need 46. A. lack B. possession C. loss D. ignorance 47. A. Suggest B. Ask C. Advise D. Insist 48. A. accept B. receive C. understand D. know 49. A. refuses B. manages C. fails D. hesitates 50. A. positive B. happy C. successful D. satisfied

51. 52. 53. 54. 55.

A. more A. face A. in A. form A. ambitious

B. fewer B. see B. at B. use B. curious

C. less C. predict C. to C. learn C. confident

D. worse D. wonder D. over D. develop D. clear

第二部分

阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A

PIGEON PIX
Adventure Photos
Yes. It’s true! We’ve got pigeons carry data back to base from the caves. This idea of carrying Sony Memory Sticks on pigeons originated with our company and as far as we know is a world first. Our first fully commercial pigeon flights were in October 2010. There’s plenty of history, though. Back in 1870 the world’s first airmail stamps were used on pigeon-carried letters at Great Barrier Island near Auckland. Pigeons have been used to carry messages since the time of Aristotle 384 BC. Why? Phone lines & telephone exchanges in this rural area are not of sufficient quality to efficiently transmit the amount of data required. We do not have access to high speed internet connections. Fortunately a pigeon will transmit up to 1 Gigabyte back the 20 km from cave to base in around 10 minutes. FAQ’S You must be kidding right? No. This is the only way we can get the photos printed out before clients get back to base from their trip. This makes it easier for them to catch connecting transport; schedule other activities; check in with accommodation etc. How reliable are the pigeons? Very. The service is fairly new, but the birds seem to come home perfectly about 99% of the time. About once per month a bird will take a detour for a few hours for many reasons, including possibly being chased by the rare and endangered native falcon, which happens to live locally. What happens if my bird (& chip) doesn’t make it home within 30 minutes of my arrival back at base after my trip? Sorry! If the bird is late then please accept our apologies and… You can pick one option from the following choices: a. We will forward free photos to you assuming the bird comes home or b. Free Waitomo Adventures T-Shirt. 56. Why is the history of pigeons being used to carry messages mentioned in the advertisement? A. To broaden the horizons of the people who may take the cave adventure. B. To convince the cave adventurers that pigeons are practical and reliable. C. To make the advertisement more attractive and lively. D. To add to the charm and excitement of the cave adventure.

57. The following statements may be the reasons for pigeons being recommended to be hired for carrying the photo data except_________. A. Phone lines & telephone exchanges in this rural area are not qualified enough B. High speed internet connections are not accessible in this rural area C. It may not be convenient for the cave adventurers to carry their own cameras during the thrilling adventure trip D. Phone lines & telephone exchanges can not transmit any data required at all 58. If a pigeon fails to carry the photo data to base in time, the service provider will ________. A. make an apology to the adventurer and give something for free as a compensation B. forward free photos assuming the bird comes home and give a free Waitomo Adventures T-Shirt as well C. send another pigeon to fulfill the uncompleted task D. send a native falcon which happens to live locally to carry the photo data

B
Petroleum, consisting of crude oil(原油)and natural gas, seems to originate from organic matter in marine sediment(海洋沉淀物).Tiny organisms settle to the seafloor and gather in marine mud. The organic matter may partially break down, using up the dissolved oxygen in the sediment. As soon as the oxygen is gone, decay stops and the remaining organic matter is preserved. Continued sedimentation buries the organic matter and subjects it to higher temperatures and pressures, which change the organic matter to oil and gas. As muddy sediments are pressed together, the gas and small drops of oil may be squeezed out of the mud and may move into sandy layers nearby. Over millions of years, accumulations of gas and oil can collect in the sandy layers. Both oil and gas are less dense than water, so they generally tend to rise upward through rock and sediment. Oil pools are valuable underground accumulations of oil, and oil fields are regions underlain by one or more oil pools. When an oil pool or field is discovered, wells are drilled into the ground. When the well reaches a pool, oil usually rises up the well because of its density difference(密度 差) with water beneath it or because of the pressure of expanding gas trapped above it. Although this rise of oil is almost always carefully controlled today, strong natural flows of oil were common in the past. Gas pressure gradually dies out, and oil is pumped from the well. Water or steam may be pumped down neighboring wells to help push the oil out. As oil becomes increasingly difficult to find, the search for it is extended into more unfriendly environments. The development of the oil field on the North Slope of Alaska and the construction of the Alaska pipeline are examples of the great expense and difficulty involved in new oil discoveries. Offshore drilling platforms extend the search for oil to the ocean’s continental shelves. More than one-quarter of the world’s oil and almost one-fifth of the world’s natural gas come from offshore, even though offshore drilling is six to seven times more expensive than drilling on land. Of course, there is far more oil underground than can be recovered. Even given the best exploration techniques, only about 30 to 40 percent of the oil in a given pool can be brought to the surface. The rest is far too difficult to reach and has to remain underground. 59. Which of the following is true about petroleum formation? A. Microscopic organisms that live in mud produce crude oil and natural gas.

B. Large amounts of oxygen are needed for petroleum formation to begin. C. Petroleum is formed when organic material in sediments combines with decaying organisms. D. Petroleum formation appears to begin in marine sediments where organic matter exists. 60. What does the development of the Alaskan oil field mentioned illustrate? A. More petroleum is extracted from the sea than from land. B. Drilling for oil requires huge financial investments. C. The global demand for oil has been increasing over the years. D. The North Slope of Alaska has substantial amounts of oil. 61. What does the author mainly intend to tell us in the passage? A. The formation, processing and exploration of petroleum B. The specific techniques involved in oil exploration. C. The changing relationships between countries. D. The future intense situation in oil product markets. 62. What can we infer from the passage? A. Available exploration techniques serve our purpose of exploring oil very well. B. More and more public regions will be further protected from being drilled in the future. C. Countries may suffer from unpleasant relationships for respective benefits in exploring oil. D. Powerful flows of oil is a phenomenon which can be witnessed rarely now.

C
Forbes set out to determine which master’s degrees would provide the best long-term opportunities, based on salary and employment outlook. To find the mid-career average pay for 35 popular degrees, we turned to Payscale.com, which lets users compare their salaries with those of other people in similar jobs by gathering real-time salary data from its 35 million profiles. We then looked at the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ employment estimate data to see how fast employment was expected to increase between 2010 and 2020 in popular jobs held by people with each degree. Finally we averaged each degree’s pay rank and estimated growth rank to find the best and worst master’s degrees for jobs. Physician assistant degree is at the top of the Forbes’ third-annual look at the best master’s degrees for jobs. Physician assistants are medical professionals who provide diagnostic and preventative health care services under the guidance of doctors. “Both an aging population and health care reform are contributing to a higher demand for health care services,” says Katie Bardaro, Payscale’s lead economist. They don’t earn as much as doctors, but their mid-career average pay is $97,000. Another advantage of a physician assistant degree: Employment opportunities are expected to grow 30% by 2020 (from the 2010 employment numbers), according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. By our count, computer science follows close behind as the No. 2 best advanced degree for jobs. Mid-career average pay for these grads is $109,000, sixth best out of the 35 degrees in our survey. Employment opportunities for computer science degree-holders are expected to expand about 22% between 2010 and 2020. Electrical engineering, physics and economics degrees also make the top 10, all with an average mid-career salary of more than $110,000 a year. Not all master’s degree holders enjoy anywhere near such optimistic job prospects(前景) or extraordinary pay. Biology, chemistry and history degrees are toward the bottom of the list—but that doesn’t mean they’re useless. If you’re enthusiastic about these fields, the lower pay and slimmer job prospects shouldn’t prevent you from pursuing a master’s. Before you make a decision, you should bear one thing in mind: master’s degree-holders don’t necessarily earn more than other people in similar jobs—so don’t base your decision to pursue one on the idea that you’ll bring in bigger paychecks. It’s also important to think about work-life balance and employee satisfaction for the common jobs associated with these degrees. “You need to consider overall happiness,” Bardaro says. “If obtaining a master’s degree causes an imbalance due to time devoted to education and

potentially more stress at work, then one will need to decide if these costs are worth it.” 63. Forbes turned to Payscale.com to __________. A. let users compare their salaries with those of other people in different jobs B. see how fast employment was expected to increase between 2010 and 2020 C. sum up the pay of those graduates with 35 popular degrees in different fields D. figure out the mid-career average pay in popular jobs held by people with different degree 64. Physician assistant degree ranks first on the list because __________. A. Physician assistants are medical professionals. B. Physician assistants enjoy the highest pay compared with other grads. C. The qualifications of physician assistants are not second to those of doctors. D. The demand of physician assistants is expected to expand largely and they are well-paid. 65. What can be inferred from the passage? A. $100,000 is a satisfying pay for most of the grads. B. It is the first time that Forbes has done a survey of this kind. C. Biology degrees were once hot for those master’s degree pursuers. D. Doctors earn more than those in electrical engineering on the average. 66. According to what Bardaro said in the last paragraph, we may safely conclude that __________. A. obtaining a master’s degree is a must B. a master’s degree is not always worth pursuing C. obtaining a master’s degree leads to an imbalance between work and life D. those with master’s degrees are bound to earn more than other people in similar jobs

D
As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing diseases to preventing disease—especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier. The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely “not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs. Both types have simply been called “well”. In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms “well” and “wellness” only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise, and they make a point of monitoring their body’s condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap may be “well” in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. “Wellness” may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life. 67. Today medical care is placing more stress on __________. A. keeping people in a healthy physical condition B. monitoring patients’ body functions C. removing people’s bad living habits D. ensuring people’s psychological well-being 68. Traditionally, a person is considered “well” if he__________. A. does not have any unhealthy living habits B. does not have any physical handicaps C. is able to handle his daily routines

D. is free from any kind of disease 69. According to the author, the true meaning of “wellness” is for people__________. A. to best satisfy their body’s special needs B. to strive to maintain the best possible health C. to meet the strictest standards of bodily health D. to keep a proper balance between work and leisure 70. According to what the author advocates, which of the following groups of people would be considered healthy? A. People who have strong muscles as well as slim figures. B. People who are not presently experiencing any symptoms of disease. C. People who try to be as healthy as possible, regardless of their limitations. D. People who can recover from illness even without seeking medical care. 第 II 卷 第三部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单 词。注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Communication is a process by which people exchange information or express their thoughts and feelings. But when the message intended by the conveyer cannot be understood by the receiver, there is high likelihood that he is facing a barrier in communicating effectively. Barriers to effective communication could cause a roadblock in your personal and professional life and could be one of the major hurdles on your way to success. Let’s take a look at these barriers. Inability to communicate in a language is the greatest barrier to effective communication. It is primarily used to indicate the difficulties faced when people who have no language in common attempt to communicate with each other. When a person uses words that are not appropriate while communicating or writing, this can lead to misunderstanding between the sender and the receiver. People speak the same language can sometimes find it difficult to understand what is being said. For example, a lorry is a truck, and an elevator is a lift. This difference in vocabulary can create a barrier. Physical factors can be barriers to effective communication whether the communication is among a group or between two individuals. Physical barriers in an organization include large working areas that are physically separated from others. Other things that can cause a physical barrier in an organization are environmental factors, such as background noise and inadequate lighting. Emotional barriers are a major category of barriers that get in the way of effective and smooth communication. These barriers are basically characterized by emotional interference. If you are lost in feelings, such as depression, anger, anxiety, mistrust and fear, you tend to have trouble getting your message across or understanding the message conveyed to you. Besides, if a person who sends a message lacks subject knowledge, then he may not be able to convey his message clearly. The receiver could misunderstand his message and this could lead to a barrier. This is visible in cases where people may try to cover up their ignorance with some unfamiliar facts. What’s more, overdoses of information also add to the problem. Have you been to a meeting where the presenter talks about relevant things but goes on with it in such a quick manner that you have no clue as to what was mentioned before? If you have experienced this, then you might know

how you can become confused. When too much information is conveyed in a short time span, there is greater likelihood that the receiver would not be able to get the information fully. (71)________________ Barriers to effective communication ●A communication barrier is something that makes the receiver (72)_______ to understand the message of the conveyer. ●Communication barriers can prevent people from (73)___________ success. ●When people use (75) _____________ words, a communication barrier occurs. ●(76) ___________ in words can cause misunderstanding. (77) _____________ working areas and environmental factors can cause physical barriers to effective communication. (78) ___________ feelings can make effective communication difficult. A person sometimes uses some unfamiliar information, which can cause breakdowns in communication. Giving too much information in a short time can create (80) _____________.

(74) _________ barriers

Physical barriers Emotional barriers (79) _______ of subject knowledge Overdoses information of

第四部分 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 2012 年伦敦奥运会展示了我国体育强国的实力。孙杨等奥运冠军已经逐渐成为青少年 的偶像。“如何与奥运冠军一同成长” 已经成为各级学校、 教育机构青少年的热点话题。 请 根据以下提示,写一篇发言稿。 内容要点如下: 1、 奥运冠军的共同点: (1)追求卓越; (2)尊重他人(对手‘裁判’媒体等)(3) ; 永不言败。 2、 如何做生活中的冠军: (1)明确的目标是动力的源泉; (2)专注和良好的心态是成 功的决定因素; (3)你个人的观点(至少两点) 。 注意:1. 对所给要点,不要简单翻译,要有适当发挥; 2. 词数 150 左右。短文中已经写好的部分,不计入总词数; Boys and girls, The year 2012 has seen the grand Olympic Games in London and we admire all the Olympic champions very much._____________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ That’s all. Thank you!

参考答案 单选:21-25 AADBC 26-30 CCABB 31-35 DBABD 完形:36-40 DABCB 41-45 ADABD 46-50 ABACC 51-55 BABDC 阅读理解:56-58 BDA 59-62 DBAD 63-66 DDAB 67-70 CDBC 任务型阅读: 71.Introduction 72.fail/unable 73.achieving/winning 74.Language 75.inappropriate/improper/unsuitable 76. Differences 77. Separated 78. Negative/Bad 79. Lack 80. confusion 书面表达 One possible version: Boys and girls, The year 2012 has seen the grand Olympic Games in London and we admire all the Olympic champions very much. We can easily find out that all the Olympic champions have much in common. They’ve set a goal to go all out to pursue the excellence, being swifter,higher,and stronger. It also has been a common practice for them to show respect for other people such as their rivals, referees and media. Besides, faced with one failure after another, they never give up. How can we become a champion in our real life and make a difference? Firstly, we must set a goal, which will inspire us to seek what we want, no matter what difficulties we may come across. Secondly, concentration and a good state of mind are really decisive factors in success. What’s more, we must learn to deal with stress, build up self-confidence and try to focus on our goals all the time. Only in this way can we become a champion in our real life, achieving every success. That’s all. Thank you!


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