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Unit 2 Period 4


Unit 2 I’ll help to clean up the city parks.

Section B 2a—2e

山西太原市清徐县教科研中心 牛改萍

Read and answer the questions
? Q1. Who wrote the letter to Miss Li? Why?
Ben Smith wrote the letter to Miss Li. Because he would like to thank Miss Li for sending money to Animal Helpers. It makes it possible for Ben Smith to have the “doghelper, Lucky.”

? Q2. What did Miss Li do?
She sent money to Animal Helpers, the group set up to help disabled people.

True or false
1. The Animal Helpers is a group to help disabled people. T 2. Ben Smith wasn’t excited about having a dog. F 3. The dog, Lucky was trained for half a year before Ben brought him home. T 4. Lucky doesn’t understand any English words. F 5. A “dog-helper” can not cheer up the owner. F

the part of speech of each word
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 1. group (n.) 2. disabled (adj.) 3. difference (n.) 4. imagine (v.) 5. difficulties (n.) 6. normal (adj.) 7. training (n.) 8. kindness (n.)

Key points
(1)set up 建立,创办, 开办 eg. They set up a big square in the center of the city. 他们在市中心建立一个大型的广场。 (2)Lucky makes a big difference to my life. Lucky对我的生活产生了很大的影响。 make a difference to 对??产生影响,有作用 eg. The rain didn’t make much difference to the game. 这场雨对比赛没多大影响。 The sea air has made a difference to her health. 海上的空气改善了她的健康状况。

(3)help sb. out 帮助某人解决困难 eg. My mother helped me out with some money when I lost my job. 我失业时妈妈 给了我一些钱帮了我一把。 The children help out in their father’s shop when things are busy. 生意好时, 孩子们在店里帮爸爸忙。

(4)get, bring, take, carry get 表示到某处去把某人找到并带来,或把某物 找到并取来。get常用于口语中。 bring表示把人或物“拿来,带来”,说明方向, 即从别处拿到说话人这儿来。 take表示把人或物“带走,拿走”,说明方向, 即从说话人处带到别处去。 carry表示为“携带,搬运”,不说明带的方向。 eg. I brought your papers along with me. 我把 你的文件带过来了。 Would you please get suitcase from the next room? 请你到隔壁房间去取一下手提箱好吗? You may take this book if you want to have a read. 如果你想看书的话,你可以带上这本书。 Let me carry this bag for you. 让我来为你提着 这个包。

(5)be able to 意为“能够”,后面跟动词原形。 be able to 与can be able to 和can都可表示做事能力,这时两者可 以通用。但can只能用于一般过去时(could)和 一般现在时。而be able to能用于任何时态。 eg. He couldn’t go to school because of his illness.他因为生病,不能来上学。 He hasn’t been able to go to work for a month. 他已经有一个月没能去上班了。

(6)because of意为“因为” because of所引导的介词短语通常用作状语,有 时也可作表语,后接名词、代词、动名词或由 what引导的从句,可置于句首或句末。 because是连词,其后接句子。because所引导 的从句通常作原因状语,也可作表语。 eg. Because of illness, he didn’t go to the meeting.=He didn’t go to the meeting because he was ill.因为生病,他没有去参加会 议。

Discussion
? Q1. In what other ways do you think dogs are able to help people? ? Q2. What other animals can we train to help people?

Homework
请根据以下提示,以“Helping others is happy”为 题,写一篇英文短文。 1. 过去我将钱花在买衣服和零食上; 2.三年前老师告诉我们有许多贫困儿童没有衣物、食 品,更不能上学; 3.从那以后,我将零花钱捐给一个名为UNICEF(联合 国儿童基金会)的机构,此机构主要帮助儿童; 4.我为能帮助别人而自豪。 要求: 1.适当发挥,条理清晰,表达准确; 2.不要逐字、逐句翻译,总词数不少于60。


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