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高一英语寒假作业3


英语试卷三
I.单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. —Where have you been? — I went to the hospital to see Mike. He is ill. — Oh, I’m sorry to hear that. ____________

________ A. I’ll go and see him now. B. I’m going to see him. C. I hope not. D. I’m afraid not. 2. —It’s a long time since I saw my sister. —________ her this weekend? A. Why not visit B. Why not to visit C. Why not visiting D. Why don’t visit 3. Try to read ________ as you can and you’ll make good progress. A. books as many B. books as much C. as many books D. as much books 4. The information on the Internet gets around much more rapidly than ________ in the newspaper. A. it B. those C. one D. that 5. The moment I got home, I found I ________ my jacket on the playground. (2008 陕西卷) A. had left B. left C. have left D. was leaving 6. What he did is ________ and he was punished by law. A. unusual B. illegal C. graceful D. awful 7. It was in New Zealand ________Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. A. that B. how C. which D. when 8. Would it be ________ for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport? A. free B. vacant C. handy D. convenient 9. —Where’s the report? —I brought it to you _______ you were in Mr. Black’s office yesterday. A. if B. when C. because D. before 10. Alice is girl that she is not used to like that. A. such a shy; being talked B. so shy a; being talked to C. such shy a; be talked D. a shy so; be talked to 11. —I apologize for not being able to join you for dinner. —________. We’ll get together later. A. Go ahead B. Not to worry C. That’s all right D. Don’t mention it 12. —Could I have a smoke here? — ________. A. No smoking B. I’m afraid you can’t C. I don’t care D. I’m really sorry 13.—Excuse me, do you have the time? —________. A. Yes, I do B. Of course, I have C. A quarter to ten D. No problem 14. “Things ________ never come again!” I couldn’t help talking to myself. A. lost B. losing C. to lose D. have lost 15. Unfortunately, there isn’t enough ________ to prove he is right. A. evidence B. reality C. review D. aspect

II. 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16-35 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。 Everybody has one of those days when everything goes wrong. This is what happened to Harry. One morning, he got up very 16 because he had forgotten to 17 up his alarm clock(闹 钟). He 18 to shave(刮脸) quickly and cut himself. When he got 19 , he got blood all over his 20 , so he had to find another one. The 21 other shirt that was 22 needed ironing(熨). While he was 23 it, there was a knock at the door. It was the man to 24 the metre. He showed him where the meter was. After he paid the gas 25 and showed the man out, he found the iron had 26 a hole in his shirt. So he had to 27 the one with the blood on it 28 . By this time it was very late, so he 29 he couldn’t go to work by bus. He 30 for a taxi to take him to work, the taxi arrived and Harry 31 in. In another part of the town, a man had killed a woman with a knife and was seen to run away in a 32 . When Harry’s taxi stopped outside his office, a policeman 33 to be standing there. He saw the blood on Harry’s shirt, and took him to the police station. He was 34 till 3 o’clock p.m.before the police was sure that he was not the man they 35 .When he finally arrived at the office at about 4 p.m., his boss took a look at him and told him to go away and find another job. 16.A.fast B.late C.worriedly D.early 17.A.set B.send C.hang D.wind 18.A.tried B.hoped C.meant D.wished 19.A.worn B.tired C.dressed D.paid 20.A.coat B.shirt C.sweater D.jacket 21.A.very B.similar C.different D.only 22.A.white B.pretty C.blue D.clean 23.A.washing B.cleaning C.brushing D.ironing 24.A.read B.mend C.examine D.test 25.A.money B.fee C.bill D.charge 26.A.burnt B.made C.lighted D.fired 27.A.put B.wear C.change D.choose 28.A.at all B.after all C.first of all D.above all 29.A.thought B.wondered C.believed D.got 30.A.looked B.wished C.decided D.telephoned 31.A.got B.sat C.stepped D.seated 32.A.car B.hurry C.taxi D.fear 33.A.seemed B.happened C.surprised D.introduced 34.A.held B.caught C.kept D.left 35.A.met B.needed C.wrote D.wanted III. 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been scolded for killing farm animals. They are officially regarded as harmful and farmers try to keep

their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them. Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunters hunt a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs finally catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it. People who take part in hunting think of it as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict rules of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy. It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people who object to fox hunting, because they think it is cruel, has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of confrontation (冲 突)between hunters and hunt saboteurs (阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell, which the dogs follow. Noisy confrontations between hunters and saboteurs become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the hunting of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their support. A labor Party Member of the Parliament , Mike Foster , is trying to get parliament to pass a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal (非法的). If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain. 36. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes ______________. A. for fun B. to limit the fox population C. in the interests of the farmer D. to show off their wealth 37. What is special about fox hunting in Britain? A. It includes the use of deadly poison. B. It is a costly event that rarely occurs. C. The hunters have set rules to follow. D. The hunters have to go through strict training. 38. People who object to fox hunting often interfere in the game ________________. A. by using violence B. by taking legal action C. by beating the fox hunters D. by standing in line to stop the hunting 39. It can be inferred from the passage that _______________. A. killing foxes with poison is illegal B. limiting the fox population is illegal C. hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent D. fox—hunting often leads to confrontation between the poor and the rich. B Everyone gets sick of hearing, “Put on your seat belt!” But it’s good advice. People who wear seat belts are 45 percent less likely to be killed while riding in the front seat of a car. The US government wants more seat belt laws. It says children aged 4 to 15 are often killed in car accidents. In 2005, there were 1,627 children aged 4 to 15 killed in car accidents. More than 1,000 of those children were not wearing seat belts. If they had been wearing seat belts, 500 of those children could be alive today. These children are too old to be in car seats, but they often sit in the back seat. Seat belt laws in many states, including Wisconsin, only require people in the front seat to wear seat belts. Children who aren’t wearing seat belts can be thrown from the car. The risk of dying in an

accident is three times greater if the person is thrown from the car. New laws could require children aged 4 to 8 to be in booster seats in the car. Booster seats help seat belts fit children properly. Right now, only 5 percent of children aged 4 to 8 are seated in booster seats. While parents have the choice of whether wearing seat belts or not, children are too young to make that choice. Even if you decide not to wear a seat belt, make sure your children are in seat belts and car seats. It’s the law and it will save their lives. 40. The underlined sentence “Everyone gets sick of hearing” in the first paragraph means “_____”. A. there is something wrong with everyone’s ears B. all people feel terrible when they hear something C. many people don’t pay attention to wearing seat belts D. none of the people knows it is a piece of good advice 41. More than two thirds of 1,627 children were killed because ________. A. they wore seat belts B. they weren’t using seat belts C. they were not old enough to sit in the car D. they were too careless when they were walking on the road 42. You must get your children to put on seat belts in order to ________. A. keep them safe B. keep them comfortable in the car seat C. keep them awake in the car all the time D. prevent all kinds of traffic accidents 43. What would be the best title of this passage? A. Children Should Put on Seat Belts. B. Too Many Traffic Accidents Happened Recently. C. Traffic Laws Are Very Important. D. Parents Are Important to Children. C In the past ten years, many scientists have studied the differences between men and women. And they all got the same answer: The sexes(性别) are different, because their brains are different. And this, the scientists say, makes men and women see the world in different ways. Boys, for example, generally are better than girls at mathematical ideas. Boys also generally are better than girls at the kind of hand and eye movements necessary for ball sports. Girls, on the other hand, generally start speaking earlier than boys. And they generally see better in the dark than boys and are better at learning foreign languages. What makes men and women better at one thing or another? The answer is the brain. The brain has two sides connected by nerve(神经) tracks. The left side generally is used for mathematics, speech and writing. The right side is used for artistic creation(创造) and the expression for emotions(情感). In men and women, different areas in each side of the brain develop differently. In boys, for example, it’s the area used for mathematics. In girls, it is the area used for language skills. Another interesting difference is that the two sides of a man’s brain are connected by a smaller nerve than the two sides of a woman’s brain are. 44. Which of the following is best to outline(概括) the article?

A. Research on the Brain B. Differences Between Men and Women C. People’s Different Brains D. Who Are Better, Boys or Girls? 45. _________ men and women think differently. A. Sex makes B. The different brains make C. The different experiences make D. The influences(影响) of society make 46. According to the article, girls are generally better than boys at ________ in your school. A. mathematics B. physics C. English D. chemistry 47. Which of the following is true? A. The right side of brain in boys generally develops better than that in girls. B. The left side of brain in girls generally develops better than that in boys. C. Men are better than women in all things. D. The area in girls used for language skills develops better. D The medical world is gradually realizing that the quality of the environment in hospital may play an important part in helping patients to get better. As part of a nationwide effort in Britain to bring art out of the museums and into public places, some of the country’s best artists have been called in to change older hospitals and to soften(使柔和) the hard edges of modern buildings. Of the 2,500 national health service hospitals in Britain, almost 100 now have very valuable collections of present art in passages(通 道), waiting areas and treatment rooms. These recent movements first started by one artist, Peter Senior, who set up his studio at a Manchester hospital on northeastern England during the early 1970s. He felt the artist had lost his place in modern society, and that art should be enjoyed by a wider audience. A common hospital waiting room might have as many as 5,000 visitors each week. What a better place to hold regular exhibitions of art! Peter Senior held the first exhibition of his own paintings in the outpatients(门诊病人) waiting area of the Manchester Royal Hospital in 1975. Believed to be Britain’s first hospital artist, Senior was so much in demand that he was soon joined by a team of six young art school graduates. The effect is striking. Now in the passages and waiting rooms the visitor experiences a full view of fresh colours, playful images(形象) and restful courtyards. The quality of the environment may reduce the need for expensive drugs when a patient is recovering from an illness. A study has shown that patients who had a view onto garden needed half the number of strong pain killers compared with patients who had no view at all or only a brick wall to look at. 48. Some best artists have been gathered to _____. A. pull down older hospitals and build up new ones B. make the corners of the hospital building round C. bring art into hospitals D. help patients recover from illness 49. From this text, we’ve learnt that _____. A. artists in Britain have completely lost their places in modern society B. patients should be encouraged to learn art C. hospitals in Britain should be changed into art museums

D. art is encouraged to be introduced into British hospitals 50. After the improvement of the hospital environment, _____. A. patients no longer need drugs to kill their pains B. patients needn’t buy any expensive drugs C. patients need fewer pain killers(止疼药) when they are getting better after illness D. patients can take fewer pills each time IV. 单词拼写(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,写出空缺处单词的正确形式。 51. He was badly _________(受伤) in the accident. 52. This heavy traffic is __________(正常)for this time of day. 53. In war, life is full of __________ (危险) for everyone. 54. Smoking __________(香烟) does harm to your health. 55. His ideas were too __________(复杂) to get support from ordinary people. 56. You can not _________(混合) water and oil. 57. At last they had to ________(采纳)his suggestion. 58. If you say Du Fu is __________(现实), then Li Bai is romantic. 59. Our __________(信念) is that everybody was born equal. 60. What _________(使感兴趣) me most was the beauty of the lake. V. 写作(满分 25 分) 某英文报“读者来信”专栏正在就高一学生家长是否应该为孩子购置电脑这一话题展开 讨论。有赞同的,也有反对的。假如你是李华,请你向该报编辑写一封英文信,发表你的观 点。信的开头已写好。 注意: 1.不必根据上面的提示逐条进行写作,可自由发挥; 2.词数:100 左右。 Dear editor, I’m a student of Senior One.______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

答案三 I.单项填空 1—5 AACDA 6—10 BADBB 11—15 CBCAA II. 完形填空 16-20 BDACB 21-25 DDDAC 26-30 ABBAD 31-35 ACBCD III. 阅读理解: 36—40 ACBCC 41—45 BAABB 46—50 CDCDC IV. 单词拼写 51. injured 52. normal 53. danger 54. cigarettes 54. complex 55. mix 56. adopt 57. realistic 58. belief 59. interested V. 写作: Possible version 1: Dear editor, I’m a student of Senior One. I think my parents should buy me a computer now. As we know, computers have been of great use and will be used more and more in our daily life. Besides, computers are also helpful in our English learning. There are piles of learning software we can use. I don’t see anything wrong with spending some time playing games. After all, we need some time to enjoy ourselves. One more word, with computers we can get more information and get more knowledge. Yours, Li Hua Possible version 2: Dear editor, I’m a student of Senior One. I don’t think my parents should buy me a computer now. Those who have computers in my class are spending too much time on computer games. In my opinion there are many other ways to enjoy myself than playing computer games. If we don’t put our hearts into our work, we might fail in the entrance examinations. Besides, if you get a computer and don’t make full use of it, it’s just a waste of money. So I insist that they don’t buy me a computer now. Yours, Li Hua


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