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M5U3 Welcome+word power 2015(the science and nature))


Can you find Dajun?

张馨予

刘雨欣

张辛苑

.张艺馨

张予曦

张歆艺

Do you think they look similar? If you think so, why?
张梓琳

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张雨绮

Four hundred years ago Chinese people had created the cloned images in Journey to the West (西 游记), but now it has become reality in life.

the world’s most famous sheep
Dolly (5 Jul. 1996 – 14 Feb. 2003)

Dolly is together with her mother.
What do you know about Dolly?

?the world’s first cloned mammal

What do you know about Dolly?

?created by Scottish scientists in 1996
?died in 2003 because of lung disease ?many countries, including Germany, France, Canada, Switzerland, Austria, Norway and South Africa, have banned human cloning since Dolly’s birth ?there are still many countries doing research on cloning technology.

kitten

Rainbow

The world's first cloned cat, kitten, named Cc. It was created using a cell taken from an adult cat, Rainbow.

What do you know about kitten?
?The kitten in the picture is called Cc.
?Its name is from “Copycat”. ?After they had tried 188 times, Scientists in the USA created it with a cell taken from its mother, Rainbow. ?It was born in December 2002.

the cloned female pigs

What do you know about the cloned pigs?
?The five little pigs were born in the USA,

named Noel, Angel, Star, Joy and Mary.
?they are actually the first to be engineered

in a way that their organs more suitable for
transplantation into humans ?It is hoped that the organs from these pigs will be used in humans’ bodies.

the first cloned monkey

What do you know about the cloned monkey? ?The name of the cloned monkey is Andy

who was born in 2000
?It is from “inserted DNA” spelt backwards.

?Researchers in Oregon, the USA created
this first genetically modified monkey by putting a gene from a jellyfish, another species, into six-day-old monkey embryos. ?It is the first genetically modified monkey.

Brainstorming
Do you think it would be a good idea

to clone humans some day?
Why or why not?

More contributions to human

More world champions

Fun pictures If cloning goes wrong, what will happen?
A dog or an eagle?

A duck or a crocodile?

A cock or a dog?

A lion or a kangaroo?

A frog or a crocodile?

A tortoise or a bear?

A bird or a dog?

Goals:

? Prefixes & suffixes ? Organs of the body

Ian Wilmut, the ________(create) creator of Dolly.

cheerful

comfortable

Will you forget the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression?

No, it is unforgettable.
un forget (prefix) (root) able (suffix)

After so many years of learning English, have you found some easy ways to double your vocabulary?

Use prefixes and suffixes

THINK IT OVER

Come to our books.
P46

Prefix antidisinilimirprepro-

Example

Meaning

anti-cloning against, opposed to not, opposite of disappear incorrect not, without illegal immoral irresponsible
preview pro-cloning recreate unfair early, before supporting again

reun-

not, opposite of

suffix -able -ful -ist

meaning comfortable worthy of, able to be cheerful full of scientist hopeless agreement dryness sb. who does sth.

example

-less
-ment -ness

without Indicate a state
Indicate a quality

否定前缀:

dis-, un-, in-, il-, im-, ir-,
dis-, un- :not , opposite of

加在n. adj. v.之前

in-, il-, im-, ir-:not, without
加在以 l开 头的词前 加在adj, n. 之前 加在以r开 头的词前

加在字母 m,b,p之前

形容词后缀:

comfortable

-able: 能..., 可以...的 cheerful -ful: 充满,有...特征的
-less: 没有,无 natural -al: 有...属性的,...类型的 -ive: 有……属性的;有某种倾
hopeless

向的

active

名词后缀: professor, cooker

movement

-or, -er : 指人或物 scientist, chemist -ment加在动词后面 -ist: 指相信某种理论或经常做某项工作的人 -ness可以加在许多形容词后,构成抽象 -ion,-sion,-tion加在动词后面 -dom表示国家,职业,状况

名词

dryness, kindness

intention, decision

前缀:
return, recall

rewrite, review

re-: “回,向后”;“再,重新”

pre-: “….前的,预先”

prefix, preschool

anti- : "反对"、"相反"或"防止"
anti-smoking

Attention!
A prefix will change the meaning of the word, while a suffix will change the part of speech of the word.

1

2

3

4

5

6

Task1: Guess!

careful
care 1

carefully

2

3

care
4

careless
carelessly
5

carefulness carelessness

6

1

selfish

self 2

3

self

4

selfishness unselfish
selfless
5 6

unselfishly

1

2

comfort 3

comfortable

comfort
4

comfortably
6 5 discomfort

uncomfortable

1

2

dishonest

3

honest 4

honest

dishonestly
6 dishonesty 5

honesty honestly

1

2

encourage

3

discourage
6 4 courage 5 discouragement courage

encouragement

courageous

1

2

3

disrespect

respect respectful

4

respectable
5 6 respect

respectfully
disrespectful

Task II: Learning through games!

Competition!

How to play:
You needs to write down as many words as possible on the card within two minutes. Then please show your card to us and explain the words’ meanings as well.

The person that writes the most correct words wins!

Prefix: antidisinilimirSuffix: -able -ful -ist -less

prereun-

overmis-

-ness -al -ment -ion

Some other words with suffix

Some other words with prefix and suffix

anti-war anti-social antibody

disagree disadvantage dishonest
invisible inactive incurable illogical illiterate illegal

imbalance immobile immature irregular irrelevant

prewar pre-arrange prepay rewrite reuse reconsider recreate unexpected unwise unnecessary overeat overweight overwork

misuse mistake mislead misunderstand misdirect

Some other words with suffix valuable acceptable reasonable comfortable believable respectable
beautiful pitiful helpful useful physicist chemist environmentalist pianist socialist economist careless useless helpless homeless

development government argument laziness sickness illness happiness cultural original natural national personal action preparation competition introduction invitation

Task III: Fill in the blanks
1) irresponsible 3) harmful 5) illegal 2) disrespect 4) uncertain

Finish the exercise on Page 46.

The organs of body
Use the oxygen we breathe.

A

Control the other organs

brain

lungs

Pass the blood around the body.

liver

C B
E D

heart

stomach
F

kidneys

What are their functions?

Finish the exercise on P47 Part B.

1.brain
2.heart 3.liver

4.lungs

5.stomach
6.kidneys

Activity 1
If you compare our body to our school life, you will be amazed how similar they are!
Read the passage again and make an outline------Find the comparisons

Good matching!
school ?Cleaners, repairman and security guards ?Headmaster ?Teacher

body
? ? brain liver

? ?
?

kidney heart
stomach

?Notebook ?Student

Activity 2
There can be many more comparisons. Just use your imaginations. Following is a poem. Can you find a proper position for each organ?

Without you, brain, I would be blind as a car with no driver. Without you, heart, I would be cold as no warmth could be sensed. Without you, stomach, I would be greedy as I never felt full. Without you, lungs , I would fall silent as I could not sing my favorite songs. Without you, liver, I would be evil as I didn’t have the power to clean wrongness away. Without you, kidneys , I would be lost in my own world as nothing, good or bad, could ever find a way out!

Take care of your organs, and you will be taken care of in turn!

Homework
Look for more common prefixes and suffixes, with at least two examples for each.

Thanks for joining.


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