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2016104培养听说读写技能的先决条件是说写


培养听说读写技能的先决条件是说写 【之三】
张铁城 2016、10、4 发送 中国学生要重视写的训练必然会提高说的能力 这是我们熟悉的英语教学大师亚历山大的主张 “Speaking and writing are the most important of these skills, since to some extent, they presuppose the o

ther two.” 译文: “说与写在这几 种能力中,是最重要的,因为在某种程度上,这两种能力是 另外两种能力的先决条件。” 【见:亚历山大(L.G.Alexander)在《新概念英语第二 册(全英语版 p.viii) 》 】 遗憾的是: 我们北京高考的书面表达分数一直不高。 2009 年北京英语高考书面表达满分 35 分,但是平均分数只有 17.5 分,相当于 100 分的 50 分。 第五章《新加坡中学作文》 准备向真正的英语原著过渡 ※比赛成绩公布通知原文 及 四篇一等奖获奖作文 共计 2,874 个英语单词。 No.6B 第三节

第二篇获奖作文 2008 年新加坡南华中学作文比赛 一等奖 中二 9 班 Lee Say Hua
1st Prize --- Secondary Two Category Lee Say Hua (209) Looking at her high, narrow nose bridge, small chin and full lips, she was like an impeccable work of art, and I was the skilled painter who created her. Every feature bestowed on her lovely face was straight, angular, and perfect. She was blindingly gorgeous, a stunning head-turner. She stared at herself, speechless, in the mirror. “What do you think?”I asked smugly. “It’s …it’s… unbelievable! Thank you so much. Dr. Lee! You are truly …amazing!”she stammered, before bursting into rocking sobs. “She looks good even when she cries!”I thought with a chuckle. Examining her pretty mug, waves of pride and satisfaction reared high up and enveloped me. She looked so different from when she first came to me. Her fractured nose and prominent jaw line were a put off, but I managed to transform them into features that were meant for a goddess. After urging her to stop crying, she finally regained her composure and praised me endlessly as if I was a toddler who just spoke her first words. “You are so talented and promising! I’m quite sure they meant it when they said that you have the Midas touch!”she gushed with delight. I was no stranger to these comments but I still lapped them all up. After all, what would you expect to hear if you were an accomplished plastic surgeon who has done hundreds of successful surgeries for people? Tonnes of praise. I was quite used to this new environment where nothing really scares me anymore. Angelina Jolie, Jessica Alba and even Brad Piff wannabes flock to me for help. After months and months of excruciating pain for the patient and hard work for my team and I, the end result would always be rewarding. The patient would have his or her desired face and I would have yet another successful record under my belt. However, there was one case, where the end result wasn’t so pretty. It was at the beginning of my career. I had just graduated from medical school and I yearned to be a plastic surgeon. Not only because of the big fat paycheck that I would receive once every month, but the thought of helping people change their lives for the better was all too tempting. I wasn’t a saint, but I wanted to feel the satisfaction I get from seeing my patients enjoying their lives after having plastic surgery. Think about the freedom, attention and happiness they would get! Thus, I furthered studies and worked hard to become a plastic surgeon. Years of studying paid off when I was accepted as an apprentice to a well-known doctor, Dr. Wong. He was a respectable man, famous for being the most focused, skilled and meticulous man in the business. Though he had a near-celebrity status, he was always polite and patient and never let anyone down. He taught me

many things and I absorbed them like sponge absorbed water. I was very eager to perform my first surgery but he always reminded me to be patient. My big break came when Dr. Wong announced that I was good enough to handle things on my own. My first patient, Andrea, was a petite young lady who felt inferior because of a too-prominent nose on her small face. I carefully examined her and explained to her the procedures of the surgery. I felt very confident of this and thought that nothing could possibly go wrong. It was just a minor nose job to me. I was burning with anticipation but I didn’t realize that what felt so minor to me was a whole different thing for Andrea. Not only would she have a new nose, she would gain a whole new life. It would affect the way people thought of her and it would change her future and desires. I didn’t step into Andrea’s shoes and that was a huge mistake. The moment I picked up my surgery tools, my hands started trembling and my heart took tumultuous leaps of fear. I thought I was confident, but I was wrong. I underestimated this surgery and from the beginning to the end, things started getting worse and worse. Carelessness, overconfidence, impatience and rashness from me and insecurity and nervousness from Andrea resulted in a devastating disaster. I had ruined her face, forever. Nothing could be done to correct the damage I had caused her. Even when Dr. Wong tried to touch up the evidence of my inexperience with his expertise, he could only make it look slightly better. Just with one careless move and her future crumbled in my guilty hands. How could I have done such damage? I asked myself every minute after the failed operation. Every now and then, tears of guilt and regret streamed down my sunken cheeks. Andrea didn’t blame me, as she claimed that she was used to having an unattractive nose, but I knew that wasn’t the truth. Deep down, she was hurt, so much more than me. Her hopes for a better life vanished into thin air with a horrendously scarred nose. The awkward stares she received when she walked down the streets dampened her confidence till there was almost none left. I wanted to make it up to her so badly, but she refused to blame me. That was the worst part. From that horrible experience, I had never dared to touch a surgery knife again. My world was shrouded with gloom and I was feeling so down and useless. Why would I want to risk another person’s life with my incompetence? I rejected all potential patients and stopped working. Dr. Wong was disappointed in me and came forward to encourage me. I could never forget his words. “You have to pick yourself up from where you fell. Living in guilt would not compensate her for her pain in any way. You have to prove yourself to me, Andrea and all your future patients that need your help desperately. Imagine all the people longing for a surgery right now. They would be so glad if you could help them, and I know you want to. Come on, this wouldn’t be as hard as you think. Take one step at a time and I know that you can achieve great things. Just remember what you did wrong the last time and never do it again. Have faith in yourself!” Thinking through his words, I was deeply motivated. What he said was true and I was going to prove to everyone that I can become the great plastic surgeon that I always dreamt I was. I was going to turn my dream into reality. I got to work. Whenever I tried picking up my tool, my whole body seemed to be paralyzed with fear. I took months of practice to finally overcome it. Slowly

but surely, I was gaining confidence everyday. I met second patient and got her and myself ready for the operation. The big day drew near and I was so fearful of it. However, Dr. Wong’s words echoed in my head often and I drew strength from there. The day finally arrived and the patient was wheeled in. I picked up my surgery tools. “Have faith in yourself,” Dr. Wong’s voice boomed in my head. I performed the operation with great care and confidence and it was a great success. A few long weeks after the surgery, my patient’s face was unveiled. I was breathless when I removed the last bandage from her face. She was a beauty and she looked so different before the surgery. Her happiness and joy from having a new face was priceless and I cherished every moment of it. I knew that my job as a plastic surgeon had just begun. Begin, it did. My career took off with a flying start and I was now very accomplished, very famous, very popular and very confident. Memories of my past kept me rooted to the ground and I took every surgery seriously, not wanting my patient to become my victim. I owed it to Dr. Wong and Andrea.(1,349 words)

第二篇获奖作文 2008 年新加坡南华中学作文比赛 一等奖 中二 9 班 Terence Chua Jie
1st Prize --- Secondary Two Category Lee Say Hua (209)

词汇级别统计※全文共计 1,345 个英语单词,其中: 一级词汇 1,071 个,占 79.62%;二级词汇 102 个,占 7.58%;三级词汇 个,占 34 个,占 2.52%;★级词汇 62 5.65%;

4.60%;无级别词汇 76 个,占

一级、二级、三级词汇总计:1,207 个,占 89.73%。 1st Prize --- Secondary Two(★★★) Category Lee Say Hua (209)

Looking at her high, narrow nose bridge, small chin and full lips, she was like an impeccable
excellent perfect in every way: FAULTLESS

work of art, and I was

the skilled (★★) painter (★★) who created her. Every feature bestowedformal to give someone something of great
value or importance

on her lovely face was straight,
very or

angular, and perfect. She was blindingly
extremely

gorgeous If you describe someone as gorgeous, you mean that you a stunning ( ★ )

find them very sexually attractive. (INFORMAL),

head-turner. She stared at herself, speechless, in the mirror. “What do you think?”I asked smugly.
smug1 : trim or smart in dress : SPRUCE 2 : scrupulously clean, neat, or correct : TIDY 3 : highly self-satisfied
韦氏大学词典

“It’s …it’s… unbelievable! Thank you so much. Dr. Lee! You are truly …amazing!”she

stammered, before bursting(★★)into rocking (★) sobs. “She looks good even when she cries!”I thought with a chuckle. Examining her pretty mug INFORMAL someone's face, waves of pride and satisfaction reared (★) high up and enveloped
en·vel·op [in'vel?p]v. to surround

me. She looked so different from when she first came to me. Her fractured nose and prominent(★★) jaw(★★)line were a put off

distress,

but I managed to transform them into

features that were meant for a goddess. After urging her to stop crying, she finally regained (★★) her composure /k?m?p?u?? / n the state of feeling or seeming
calm

and praised(★★)me endlessly as if I was a

toddler(★) who just spoke her first words. “You are so talented(★) and promising(★)! I’m quite sure they meant it when they said that you have the Midas / `ma?d?s / touch! the Midas touch
if someone has the Midas touch, they succeed easily at everything they do

”she gushed 滔滔不绝地讲话 with delight (★★) . I was no stranger(★★)to these comments but I still lapped them all uplap sth up (infml) receive (praise, news, good fortune,
etc) eagerly, uncritically or greedily.

After all, what would you

expect to hear if you were an accomplished
skilful

plastic surgeon ( ★ ★ ) who has done

hundreds ( ★ ★ ) of successful surgeries for people? Tonnes(★★)of praise(★★). I was quite used to this new environment where nothing really scares(★)me anymore. Angelina Jolie, Jessica Alba and even Brad Piff wannabes 模仿者,崇拜者 flock (★) to me for help. After

months and months of excruciating /?k?skru??ie?t??/
extremely painful

pain for the patient and hard work for

my team and I, the end result would always be rewarding (★★) . The patient would have his or her desired(★★)face and I would have yet another successful record under my belt. However, there was one case, where the end result wasn’t so pretty. It was at the beginning of my career. I had just graduated ( ★ ) from medical school and I yearned[j?:n]
渴望

to be a plastic surgeon (★★) . Not only because of the big fat paycheck
工资支票

that I would

receive once every month, but the thought of helping people change their lives for the better was all too tempting. I wasn’t a saint, but I wanted to feel the satisfaction I get from seeing my patients enjoying their lives after having plastic surgeon(★★). Think about the freedom, attention and happiness(★★)they would get! Thus, I furthered studies and worked hard to become a plastic surgeon (★★) .

Years

of

studying

paid

off

when

I

was

accepted as an apprentice to a well-known(★ ★)doctor, Dr. Wong. He was a respectable(★) man, famous for being the most focused, skilled(★★)and meticulous
a. 一丝不苟的 [m?'tikjul?s]

man in the business. Though he had a near-celebrity (★) status, he was always polite and patient and never let anyone down. He taught me many things and I absorbed them like sponge absorbed water. I was very eager ( ★ ★ ) to perform my first surgery but he always reminded me to be patient. My big break came when Dr. Wong announced that I was good enough to handle things on my own. My first patient, Andrea, was a petite /p??ti?t/
short and attractively thin

young lady who felt inferior(★)because of a too-prominent(★★)nose on her small face. I carefully examined her and explained to her the procedures of the surgery. I felt very confident of this and thought that nothing could possibly go wrong. It was just a minor

nose

job

to

me.

I

was

burning

with

anticipation(★)but I didn’t realize that what felt so minor to me was a whole different thing for Andrea. Not only would she have a new nose, she would gain a whole new life. It would affect the way people thought of her and it would change her future and desires(★ ★★) . I didn’t step into Andrea’s shoes and that was a huge mistake. The moment I picked up my surgery tools, my hands started trembling (★★) and my heart took tumultuous disorderly or
confused; violent

leaps (★) of fear. I thought I was

confident, but I was wrong. I underestimated (★) this surgery and from the beginning to the end, things started getting worse and worse. Carelessness, overconfidence, impatience and rashness from me and insecurity resulted and in a

nervousness

from

Andrea

devastating (★) disaster. I had ruined her face, forever. Nothing could be done to correct the damage I had caused her. Even when Dr. Wong

tried to touch upimprove sth by making small changes

稍作修改以改进某

事物: I'm going to touch up those scratches with a bit of paint. 我要用点儿颜料修补那些 划痕.

the evidence of my inexperience with his expertise, he could only make it look slightly better. Just with one careless (★) move and her future crumbled in my guilty hands. How could I have done such damage? I asked myself every minute after the failed operation. Every now and then, tears of guilt(★★)and regret (★) streamed(★)down my sunken cheeks. Andrea didn’t blame me, as she claimed that she was used to having an unattractive nose, but I knew that wasn’t the truth. Deep down, she was hurt, so much more than me. Her hopes for a better life vanished(★★)into thin air with a horrendously 骇人听闻地 scarred (★) nose. The awkward stares she received when she walked down the streets dampened
使沮丧

her

confidence till there was almost none left. I wanted to make it up to her so badly, but she refused to blame me. That was the worst part. From that horrible experience, I had never

dared to touch a surgery knife again. My world was shroudedto cover or hide something with gloom (★) and I was feeling so down and useless(★★). Why would I want to risk another person’s life with my incompetence? I rejected all potential patients and stopped working. Dr. Wong was disappointed in me and came forward to encourage me. I could never forget his words. “You have to pick yourself up from where you fell. Living in guilt (★★) would not compensate (★★) her for her pain in any way. You have to prove yourself to me, Andrea and all your future patients that need your help

desperately ( ★ ★ ) . Imagine all the people longing (★) for a surgery right now. They would be so glad if you could help them, and I know you want to. Come on, this wouldn’t be as hard as you think. Take one step at a time and I know that you can achieve great things. Just remember what you did wrong the last time and never do it again. Have faith in yourself!” Thinking through his words, I was deeply

motivated(★★). What he said was true and I was going to prove to everyone that I can become the great plastic surgeon(★★)that I always dreamt I was. I was going to turn my dream into reality. I got to work. Whenever I tried picking up my tool, my whole body seemed to be paralyzed with fear. I took months of practice to finally overcome it. Slowly ( ★ ★ ★ ) but surely, I was gaining confidence everyday. I met second patient and got her and myself ready ( ★ ★ ★ ) for the operation. The big day drew near and I was so fearful of it. However, Dr. Wong’s words echoed (★★ ) in my head often and I drew strength from there. The day finally arrived and the patient was wheeled in. I picked up my surgery tools. “Have faith in yourself,”Dr. Wong’s voice boomed in my head. I performed the operation with great care and confidence and it was a great success. A few long weeks after the surgery, my patient’s face was unveiled. I was breathless when I removed the

last bandage (★) from her face. She was a beauty and she looked so different before the surgery. Her happiness ( ★ ★ ) and joy from having a new face was priceless and I

cherished every moment of it. I knew that my job as a plastic surgeon(★★)had just begun. Begin, it did. My career took off with a flying start and I was now very accomplished(★), very famous, very popular and very confident. Memories of my past kept me rooted(★)to the ground and I took every surgery seriously, not wanting my patient to become my victim. I owed it to Dr. Wong and Andrea.


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