2016 全国示范高中高三英语模拟卷 6
第二部分阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。
21. What can we know about WeekendNotes
? A. It’s a notebook B. It’s a poster. C. It’s a website . D. It’s a newspaper. 22. Who will most probably refer to WeekendNotes? A. Whoever wants to write articles. B. Whoever hopes to promote an activity. C. Whoever expects to find a good job. D. Whoever wishes to be well-known in the world. 23. Which of the following agrees with what WeekendNotes promises? A. Basic $75.00 only exposes your article for two working days.
B. Super Feature $280.00 have 40 x more readers than Featured $150.00. C. Featured 150.00 exposes your article until the event finishes. D. Articles in the list can be re-featured anytime. B We are surrounded every day by thousands of chemicals. These chemicals have been found to be safe. But are they still "safe" if mixed with other chemicals? That's the big question. On its own, each chemical seems harmless. But in combination with other chemicals, they may become deadly(致命的). That is the finding of a two-year study by a task force of scientists. The task force was told to look into the cancer-causing possibility of chemical mixtures. Linda Gulliver was one of 174 scientists on the task force. Their job was to study the cancer-causing potential of 85 chemicals. All 85 are said to be common in the environment. Ms. Gulliver explains that chemicals have the potential, or ability, to form dangerous mixtures. Even simple minerals can become dangerous when mixed with chemicals found in plastics or beauty products. She says the current way to identify whether chemicals cause cancer is to test them one at a time. This method leads, she adds, to a long list of supposedly "safe" chemicals. She and her team say that approach needs to change. "We certainly need certain research to find out what mixtures of chemicals would be more harmful than others; what groups of chemicals, when together, would produce more harmful effects. And at the moment, that is still under research." One in five cancers is supposed to be linked to chemical exposure. It may turn out that the cancer-causing crime is not a single chemical at all. It could be a deadly combination. The increase of risk to cancer could be from exposure to many compounds at the same time. 24. What’s the two-year study’s result? A. All the single chemicals are safe. B. Chemicals when combined may be deadly. C. One in five cancers is caused by dangerous chemicals. D. “Safe” chemicals are potential to be dangerous. 25. What can we infer about what Gulliver says? A. They want to study all the common chemicals in the environment. B. They have found the ways to deal with deadly mixtures. C. They haven’t found what mixtures are more harmful. D. They still have no idea whether mixture of chemicals can lead to cancers. 26. What does the word “compounds” in the last paragraph refer to? A. Chemicals of difference. B. Combination of chemicals. C. Chemicals of the same. D. Mixture of deadly chemicals. 27. Which of the following can best be the title of the passage? A. Mixture of Safe Chemicals May Cause Cancer B. Chemicals Can Lead to Deadly Diseases C. Single Chemical and Mixture of Chemicals D. Chemicals Surround Us C It's 7p.m. and I'm tired. My working-hour finished one hour ago but I'm still in the office
dealing with emails. But I'm not alone when it comes to having a full mailbox and no time to reply. This problem has been worrying experts in business Sir Cary Cooper, an academic and former adviser to the British government, says employers must battle the staff’s "fashion". "For people to be working at night, weekends and holidays on email is not good for the health of our country", says Cooper. And he suggests that sending and receiving emails within the same building should be banned. These should be replaced by face-to-face meetings and phone calls. Some companies offer internal(内部的) social networks to have people interacting. Part of the modern thinking is that staff's healthy work-life balance leads to a company's increased productivity. And there are suggestions that the workforce should have an approach to changing this culture. According to Cooper, one practical solution would be to send a message to warn workers when they access emails at a time they should be relaxing with their families. Some companies have adopted a more severe approach to avoiding the phenomenon. The French IT company Atos announced in 2011 it was considering banning the use of internal emails. The announcement was enough to make the number of emails decrease. The BBC's Technology journalist Rory suggests that employees write shorter emails, with the subject line treated as a headline so that the receiver decides if the rest is worth reading. And a vital point: we need to think before copying a message to everyone in the company. Otherwise many will end up like me - late in the day just pressing the same key. Delete, delete, delete... 28. What does the author do with most of his emails when the article is writing? A. Answer. B. Delete. C. Edit. D. Deliver. 29. What is the author’s attitude towards the full mailbox? A. Tolerant. B. Doubtful. C. Bored. D. Relaxed.
30. What are the staff encouraged to do at Atos? A. To make use of emails. B. To decrease the use of emails. C. To reject the internal emails. D. To stop using any emails. 31. Why is the problem worrying experts in business? A. It may change cultures. B. It may decrease productivity. C. It may affect people’s interaction. D. It may destroy families’ harmony. D Angus Deaton was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, and educated at the University of Cambridge, with a couple of degrees. In 1976 Deaton took up post at the University of Bristol as Professor of Econometrics. During this period, he completed a significant stage of his most influential work. In 1980, his paper on how demand for various consumption goods depends on prices and income was published in The American Economic Review. This paper has since been commended as one of the twenty most influential articles published in the journal since 1970. In 1983, he left the University of Bristol for Princeton University, where he was appointed Professor of Economics and International Affairs. He, of course, also holds American citizenship. In October 2015 Angus Deaton, who uses family questionnaires to collect detailed information about how families spend their money, was offered the 2015 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences. The Nobel committee says his research has mainly dealt with three questions: How do consumers distribute their spending among different goods? How much of society's wealth is
spent and how much is saved? And, how do we best measure and study well-being and poverty? The BBC reported that Deaton was "delighted" and that he described himself as "someone who's concerned with the poor of the world and how people behave, and what gives them a good life". The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said that economic policy intended to reduce poverty could only be designed once individuals'（个人） consumption choices were understood, saying, "More than anyone else, Angus Deaton has expanded this understanding. By linking detailed individual choices and total outcomes, his research has helped transform the fields of microeconomics, macroeconomics( 宏 观 经 济 学 ), and development economics". New York University economist William Easterly said, "What was impressive about this Nobel is how many different fields Angus has contributed to". Easterly noted Deaton’s bravery in the face of the political aspects of his research area and the "complex details" involved in his work. 32. The Nobel Committee awarded the prize to Angus Deaton _________. A. to develop the world’s economy B. to solve global economic problems C. to honor his research in reducing poverty D. to combine politics with economics 33. Which of the following is false to describe Angus Deaton? A. The University of Bristol was his important stage of his scientific career. B. He has held post in Princeton University for over 30years. C. He has not only American but also British citizenship. D. One of his papers mentioned in the text is the most influential once published. 34. What is Deaton’s research based on? A. The degree of wealth. B. The degree of poverty. C. The behavior of spending money. D. The behavior of making money. 35. Which of the following best describe Deaton’s research field? A. Global. B. Individual. C. National. D. International. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 What Makes Beauty So Appealing? Every year the entertainment magazine People publishes a list of people. It considers them the most beautiful in the world. 36._______ What makes a person beautiful or ugly? In the case of People, there is one major factor(因素) that comes above all others. What selections will cause the most interest among readers? More readers mean more money for the magazine. This year the magazine named Sandra Bullock the most beautiful person in the world. Many people would agree that she is good-looking. 37._________ But why do some people find Sandra Bullock beautiful and others think she is just attractive? A new study suggests that what a person finds good-looking in another person is shaped by the observer's environment and experiences. 38._______ While there is no denying that Bullock is good-looking, not everyone agrees to what degree. Over 35,000 people took part by rating the faces of people in photographs posted on the website TestMyBrain.org. The research centered on the individual judgments of face attractiveness that differ from each other.
The scientists got a good idea of the uniqueness of individual face preferences from examining the choices made by the online group. 39.____________ The findings suggest that environmental experiences have as much influence on people's idea of beauty as genetics(遗传学). So it could be that if a person has a relationship, a fantastic or friend relationship, with someone they are very close to and they think of very positively, the characteristics of that person's face will then seem more attractive to them even on other people." 40.__________ A. Beauty, say experts, is very individual. B. Where are the beautiful people from? C. However, those same people are likely to differ about how good-looking Bullock is. D. How do the editors choose from the 7 billion people on Earth? E. In other words, beauty appears very much to be in the eye of the onlooker. F. Experts think everyone likes beauty. G. The preference for beautiful faces agreed only about 50 percent of the time. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Where should an adventurous tourist go? After you've done 41 in London, shopping in New York, and enjoyed the 42 food in Paris, where else can you go? Antarctica is a place of breath-taking views. Antarctica sounds like the 43 of a lifetime! It's considered the last great wild to enjoy on Earth. Just a few scientists in research stations 44 the icy scenery with penguins and other animals which can 45 the low temperatures. Tourism began in Antarctica in the 1950s and it's still a 46 size. About 37,000 tourists are 47 there this season, but many won't 48 leave the boat. The BBC's Juliet Rix visited the frozen continent and asked herself if she 49 be there at all, causing potential problems to such a sensitive environment. Her tour guide 50 that all visitors leave a 51 and they all go to the same places, the 52 coastline, which is also 53 the penguins and seals go to breed. But some people believe that if carefully 54 , tourism can be good for Antarctica. It has no native population and it needs 55. Visitors to the icy continent might be ready to support and even to sponsor its 56. Tourists have to clean their boots to make sure no alien species(外来物种) are introduced. And once on land, there's no eating 57 smoking. Nothing should be taken as a 58 and nothing should be left behind. Tourists fortunate enough to visit the Antarctic must be 59 that this is not their home and keep their fingers 60 that future generations will also be able to enjoy such breath-taking views. 41. A. jobs B. business C. sightseeing D. research 42. A. local B. attractive C. special D. particular
43. A. goal 44. A. occupy 45. A. get rid of 46. A. large 47. A. wanted 48. A. even 49. A. must 50. A. confirmed 51. A. mark 52. A. accessible 53. A. that 54. A. visited 55. A. allocating 56. A. preservation 57. A. and 58. A. favorite 59. A. cautious 60. A. tied
B. holiday B. combine B. deal with B. no B. wished B. still B. should B. suggested B. sign B. possible B. what B. controlled B. processing B. evolution B. but B. pet B. compulsory B. crossed
C. career C. relate C. do with C. small C. accumulated C. ever C. may C. subscribed C. message C. available C. there C. constructed C. advocating C. reservation C. or C. model C. aware C. cut
D. destination D. share D. break away from D. gradual D. expected D. yet D. would D. acknowledged D. footprint D. awful D. where D. calculated D. instructing D. scenery D. nor D. souvenir D. confidential D. scared
第三部分英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Lane waited on the bench near the bridge, as his superior 61.___________(order). The strong cold wind made him pull his overcoat 62.____________(close) about him. He knew the spy would appear at four o'clock, and chat to Lane for a while, 63.__________( leave) his newspaper behind. The plans would be found inside. A distant clock began to strike 64.___________ hour, As if from nowhere, a man appeared and sat down beside Lane, placing his newspaper on the seat between them. He was thin and middle-aged, and seemed in hunger for 65._________(age). He didn't look like a successful spy, Lane thought. The man's conversation about the weather was66.______________(pain) uninteresting. A few minutes 67.____________(late) he got up and continued his way. Lane picked the paper 68.____________ lay on the bench, as if he wanted to look at the news. He was excited to see the plans, 69.____________(stick) to the centre page. At that moment, 70.____________, there was a strong gust of wind which lifted the newspaper into the air, like a kite, and blew it into the river. 第四部分写作（共两节；满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Last Sunday morning, had played for a whole day, Jack took a break. In the small room, he sat with two full-time workers. When they were in their own clothing, they talked and laughed madly just like him. But, at the moment they put on their uniforms, they became very professionally. They smiled like roses and spoke like birds — made every customer happy. Now while compared to them, he realized that he always wants to play while he’s at work. But while playing, he always thinks about his unfinish homework. Work while you work; play while play. He’ll remember the example set by those KFC employees. 第二节书面表达（共 1 题，满分 25 分） 请阅读下面图画，按要求用英语写一篇词数为 100 左右的短文。
内容包括： 1. 简要描述画面； 2. 剖析该现象的主要原因; ； 3. 谈谈个人感想。
注意： 1. 短文开头已给出,不计入总词数； 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯； 3. 短文中不能出现与本人相关的信息； 参考词汇：陷害：frame As the picture shows, ________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________