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2012山东省高三英语 各地一模英语分类汇编16 阅读表达(二)


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专题四 阅读表达(二)
【山东省烟台市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下面的短文,并根据短文后的要求答题。 (请注意 注意后的字数要求) [1]Why play sports? You might say“to get exercise”and you’ be right

. To have d fun? That’ true, too. But there’ more. In fact, there are at least 5 more reasons. s s According to the Wonmen’ Sports Foundation, girls who play sports get a lot more s than just fit. [2]Girls who play sports do better in school. You might think that athletics wi1l take up all your study time. But research shows that girls who play sports do better in school than those who don’ Exercise improves learning, memory, and t. concentration, which can give active girls an advantage in the classroom. [3]Girls who play sports learn teamwork and goal-setting skills. Sports teach valuable life skills. When you work with coaches, trainers, and teammates to win games and achieve goals. you’ learning how to be successful. Those skills will re at work and in family life. [4] Sports are good for a girl’ health. In addition to being fit and maintaining s (维持) a healthy weight, girls who p1ay sports are also less likely to smoke. And later in life, girls who exercise are less likely to get breast cancer or osteoporosis (骨 质疏松). [5]Playing sports builds self-confidence. Girls who play sports feel better about themselves. Why? It builds confidencc whe11 you know you can achieve your goals. Sports are also a feel-good activity because they heip girls get in shape. maintain a healthy weipht. and make new friends. [6] Exercisc cuts the pressure. Playing sports can reduce stress and help you feel a little happier. How? The brain chemicals released during exercise improve a person’ mood. Friends are another mood-lifter. And being on a team creates tight s bonds between friends. It’ good to know your teammates will support you—both on s and off the field! 76. What’ the main idea of the text? (no more than 8 words) s

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77. List three advantages that exercise can give you when you are in school. (two words for each) (l) (2) (3)

78. Fill in the blanks in Paragraph 3 with proper words.(no more than 5 words)

79. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 into Chinese.

80. What can lift your mood while playing sports? (no more than l5 words)

【答案】 76. Why should girls play sports/ Reasons why girls should play sports (take exercise) 77. (l)improve/improving learning; (2) improve/improving memory; (3)

improve/improving concentration 78. help you (a lot)/benefit you/be helpful to you/serve you well/do you good 79. 体育运动还是一项感觉良好的运动, 因为运动能帮助女孩们保持体形, 维持健康的 体重,还能帮她们交到新朋友。 80. The brain chemicals released and the friends made during exercise. Dear Jack.

【山东省枣庄市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下两短文,并根据短文后的要求回答问题(请注意问题后的字数要求) 。 [l]Most of us have one or a few habits that we'd like to get rid of.But how do we do it? Now I'd like to share a few suggestions that have helped me. [2]Tell your friends and family.If you tell people around you that you will stop smoking, they will check up on you.You will feel a social pressure to 'keep up with your promise.I would recommend only telling the people who will support you.Negative people make things worse.
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[3]Listen to these who have gone where yan want to go.Not to people who have no practical or real ideas about what your challenge needs.It is important to get the best advice that actually works in real life.Seek it out in people around you, in the best books and on blogs that are reliable. [4] See your future self vividly in year mind.What will this lead to in 5 and 10 years? Where are you going? Towards a massive debt, a heart attack and other serious illnesses in your future? Do you want go to that place where you may wind up if you don't make a change? Then see your future self where you have made the positive change.And remind yourself of the good or bad results; whenever you feel like going back to your old ways. [5] _______.If you stop doing one thing, it can leave a vacuum(真空) in your life.It's easier not to behave badly again if you replace that space with a new habit.If you had chips and candy at home to snack on, then have fruits and nuts to snack on.If you stopped checking the internet for many hours, replace the space with reading more books. 76.What is the main idea of the text? (no more than 7 words)

77.Complete the following sentence with words from Paragraph 2. (no more than 3 words) If you didn’t your words, others would look down upon you.

78.Where does the author suggest you get the best advice? (no more than 15 words) ① ② ③

79.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 5 with proper words . (no more than 8 words) 80.Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 into Chinese.

【答案】

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【山东省淄博市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下面短文并回答问题, 然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上 (请注意问题后的词数 要求) 。 [l]Before applying to colleges,many students wonder,what’s the point of it all? This is an important question to ask yourself. College is a huge investment, no only of money,but also of 2-4 years of your life. No one should attend college without a very good reason. [2] Some people go to college to earn more money. On average,people who obtain a Bachelor’s degree will earn more than l million dollars more over the course of their lifetimes than people who don’t attend college. Those who go for Master’ s, Doctor’ and professional degrees do even better. Holders of t hes e degree s s, are suited to man y high paying jobs while .

[3] Some go for the experiences. College is an amazing life experience. Students not only receive a traditional classroom education, but also learn a large amount about the ways of the world. For many students,college is the first time they live away from home. This creates a great opportunity to meet different types of people and have many brand new experiences that can make you a much wiser and worldly person. [4]Some others seek after a dream. For many people college is great way to start the next step towards achieving a dream. It can help you break into a new career path or achieve expert status in your chosen field. [5] However,there’re also some people going to college because “my parents and family expect me to”or “I don’t know what I want to do with my life”. If

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your main reason for going to college is one of these, you should reconsider your motivations seriously. If you go without a true purpose,you can end up finding what you spend on it might never be worth it. 76. How does the author further explain his point of view? (no more than l0 words)

77. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 5 words)

78. How could experiences mentioned in Paragraph 3 change people? (no more than 8 words)

79. Why could going to college help the students seek after their dreams? (no more than 20 words)

80. What is the main idea of Paragraph 5? (no more than l0 words)

【答案】 76.By comparing some good reasons with some bad ones 77.non-degree holders/those without degrees are not/seldom 78.By making people much wiser and worldly 79.Because that could help them head for a new career or make great achievements in your chosen field. 80.People should go to college with a true reason. 【山东省德州市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下面短文,并根据短文后的要求答题(请注意问题后的字数要求)。 [1]Everyone has talent, not everyone succeeds with their talent. but More factors than mere talent attribute to a greater personal success.Having talent or being talented is never enough to find success in life. [2] Dr.John Maxwell has written a new book to explain that there is more to success than just being talented.He says that the only way to find success in life is to apply good choices to talent and rise above the crowd.He believes that talented
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people need more than their gifts or abilities to succeed in life.There must be something more than inst talent to become successful.A talent plus person,a person who rises above the understanding of mere talent,is much more likely to find success than those .

[3] People who have talent must be willing to make the right choices to maximize their talent. Wrong choices will minimize their talent,preventing them from rising to higher levels in life.Maximizing talent requires people to make good choices, but understanding that there are specific things in life requires no talent at all.Maxwell lists many different choices that people make to become a talent-plus person , including Belief lifts talent , Relationships influence talent , Responsibility strengthens talent,Teamwork multiplies talent,etc. [4] Following the simple principles found in the book can not only help people raise the level of their talent but also raise their level of living.When people combine the principles with their talents they can become a talent-plus person.The choice becomes one of willingness and personal change.Talent-plus people have the ability to change their life and the world. 76.What‘s the possible name of Maxwell’s new book?(no more than 8 words)

77.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 2 with proper words.(no more than 5 words)

78.What should one do if he wants to become a talent-plus person?(no more than 8 words)

79.List three specific things which can maximize one’s talent according to Para 3 ? 1. 2.
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3. 80.Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.

【答案】

【山东省东营市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下面短文并回答问题, 然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上 (请注意问题后的词数 要求) 。 [l] Late last year a new champion earned the title of Winningest High School Basketball Coach of All Time-and she's a 73-year-old Texas grandmother named Leta Andrews. Here are some life lessons from her winning ways: [2] knew right away that being just a teacher was the wrong choice. She missed the sport she'd grown up playing and needed to find a way to combine basketball with her career. After going back for a second degree, Andrews was able to teach and coach on the high sohool level. Forty-nine years later, she still hasn't thought about giving up her beloved basketball. [3] Hardship will make you stronger. Over the course of her career, Andrews has met with more than a few male coaches who have neglected both her success and women's sports in general. She lets their “looking down” roll right off her like drops
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. Andrews originally got her degree in elementary education, but

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of sweat on a player's back. Instead, such slights make her work even harder to ensure her players believe they deserve as much success as any man, on and off the court. [4] There’s no I in team. On bus rides to games, Andrews takes away her players' cell phones. Texting, she says, does harm to teambuilding. You can't win without a unified team that knows how to communicate with each other. Socializing is an important factor to success, and when we focus on ourselves (or our electronics) rather than others, we miss valuable connections and experiences. [5] Winning is everything. It just depends on how you understand “winning”. For Andrews, victory on the court is the logical result of lots and lots of hard work and preparation. She believes in tough love to get her players focused on playing their absolute best, individually and as a team. While a winning game is the immediate goal, she hopes all of her players will carry the team spirit with them long after graduation. 76. What's the passage mainly about? (no more than l0 words)

77. Which sentence in the passage is closest in meaning to the following one? Only when a team is aware of communication and unity can it win.

78. Fill in the blank with a proper sentence to summarize Paragraph 2. (no more than 8 words)

79. Describe the character of Andrews using three adjectives(形容词). ① ② ③

80. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 5 into Chinese.

【答案】 76. Life lessons from Andrews(America's Winningest High School Basketball Coach). / The
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secret of Andrews′success. 77.You can′t win without a unified team that knows how to communicate with each other. 78.Do what you love(1ike)/Never give up(your dreams)/Stick to your dreams 79.enthusiastic,devoted,intelligent,strict,tough,determined? 80. 虽然一场比赛的胜利是最近的目标, 但是她希望她所有的队员能在毕业后长久的时间内 保持这种团队精神。

【山东省济南市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下面短文并回答问题, 然后将答案写到试卷规定的位置上 (请注意问题后的字数要求) 。 [1] Everyone wants something in life, love, money, success...Yet too many people fail to achieve their goals, and nearly all of them are for the same reason. [2] It’s true that terrible things do happen to people during their lives, though no fault of their own, which may make them feel upset. Generally speaking, however, getting what you really want out of life is just a matter of the following three simple steps. [3] Firstly, you have to decide what it is you want the most. But do not make a list of wishes; try to focus on one thing at a time. If you’re not sure about where you want to go, you’d better think it over first and not hurry to perform. [4] Secondly, _______________. This will be your map for getting from “where you are now” to “where you want to go”. You know what you want, and what steps you are going to take to get it. For example, if you want a better job, start with a skills assessment and maybe some extra training. Then you’ll need to sell yourself and your skills either to your present employer or to a new one. [5] Other goals will require a bit more thought. Some will really get you lost without a clue of how to get there. Not to worry, though, books, biographies and such, can be of great help. [6] The third and final step is to carry it out. Do what you planned. Take the steps you outlined on your road map and keep going on all the time. If you run into some people who are against you, simply ignore them.
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[7] Never give up the goal. Keep pushing. Whatever you do, do not lose heart before you have what you desire in your hands. Never think that you can’t turn your dream into a reality.

76. What does the author mainly want to tell us? (within 10 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 77. What should you do when deciding what you want according to the text? (within 8 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 78. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to? (within 5 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 79. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 4 with proper words. (within 5 words) ____________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 80. Translate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 7 into proper Chinese. 【答案】 76. How to get what you really want out of life. 77. Focus on one thing at a time. 78. Where you want to go 79. create an action plan/make an action plan 80. 无论做什么,在你实现目标之前不要丧失信心/无论做什么,在你得到想要的东西之前 不要丧失信心。 特别说明:1. 卷面涂抹(包括乱涂乱画)严重的,总分扣 2 分; 2. 异色笔、铅笔答题的,一律判 0 分。

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