当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

2017届高三英语一轮复习 语法提分微点案 考点3 动词的时态和语态课件


语法专题 考点3

语法提分微点案

动词的时态和语态
微视角 微学堂 微考场 大领悟 涨分数 新演练

时态和语态是语法填空题的常考点,主要考查时态和语态在具体语境 中的运用。解题时考生要先根据上下文或时间标志词判断时态,然后根据 主语与谓语动词之间的逻辑关系来判断语态。

微视角

r />
大领悟
练知考情 会方法技巧

微考场——语法填空这样考过
arrived (arrive) in 1.(2015·新课标卷Ⅰ)It was raining lightly when I ________ Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn't care. 解析:句意:当我在黄昏前到达阳朔时正下小雨。但是我不在意。由

后句“But I didn't care.”可知这里应用一般过去时。
goes (go) day after day: The walls 2.(2015·新课标卷Ⅱ)This cycle ________ warm up during the day and cool off during the night.

解析:句意:这个循环日复一日的进行??。主语this cycle为单数形
式;句子以一般现在时为主;结合时间状语day after day可知应用goes。

fell 3.(2015·广东卷)While making great efforts to run away, she ________ (fall) over the hill and died. 解析:此空前为主语she,故该空填谓语,又根据and后的谓语died, 可知该空填fell。 4.(2015·广东卷)He made cheese and butter for the family with what ________ was left (leave). 解析:谓语动词和主语之间为被动关系,应用被动语态,又因动作发 生在过去,应用一般过去时,故填was left。

caught (catch) my attention. 5.(2014·新课标卷Ⅱ)A boy on a bike ________ He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms.
解析:句意:一个骑自行车的男孩子吸引了我的注意。他在公交车旁 边骑行并挥舞着手臂。所填词是句子的谓语,根据下句时态可知, catch my attention发生在过去,故填caught。

is called (call) “shadow boxing” in English. 6.(2014·辽宁卷)Tai Chi ________ 解析:句意:太极在英文中被称为“shadow boxing”。所填词是句子 的谓语,和句子的主语Tai Chi是被动关系,表示“??被称为”;句子说 的是事实,应用一般现在时,故填is called。 were told (tell) that our rooms hadn't been 7.(2014·广东卷)We ___________ reserved for that week. 解析: 句意:我们被告知那一周房间没有预订。所填词是句子的谓 语,和句子的主语we是被动关系,表示“我们被告知”;由从句时态判断 出动作发生在过去,用一般过去时的被动语态,故填were told。

微技巧
第一步,确定句子是否缺少谓语 如果括号中给出的提示词是动词,首先要分析句子成分。如果句子缺

少谓语,那么空格处应填谓语动词,就要考虑使用合适的时态和语态。
第二步,确定时态 要根据具体的语境、时间状语或另一动词的时态来判断用哪种时态。

第三步,确定语态
语态要根据主语和谓语动词的逻辑关系确定。主语和谓语动词之间是 主动关系时动词就应用主动语态,是被动关系时就应用被动语态。

第四步,确定主谓一致
要注意谓语动词与主语在人称和数上保持一致。

微考场——短文改错这样考过
1.(2015·四川卷短文改错)As I tell you last time, I made three new friends here.

答案与解析:tell→told

根据该句中的时间状语last time,可知动

作发生在过去,应用一般过去时。

2.(2015·浙江卷短文改错)It was full of students exercising. The view

from the back of the classroom is also splendid.
答案与解析: is→was was。 前一句谓语用的是过去时,故将 is 改为

3.(2014·辽宁卷短文改错)This morning she starts barking even before 5 o'clock. 答案与解析: starts→started 由时间状语 this morning 可知,此处

“狗叫”是过去发生的事情,应用一般过去时。

4.The arrows were looked like rain. 答案与解析:去掉were或looked like短语,意为“像??”。 look like“看起来像??”为不

及物动词短语,没有被动形式,故删去were,也可删掉looked,构成be

5.(2014·新课标卷Ⅰ短文改错)Since then—for all these years—we had

been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please. 答案与解析:had→have
在完成时,故将had改为have。

句中时间状语是since then,谓语应用现

6.Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles. 答案与解析: drank→drunk 动语态,所以用过去分词。 根据句意及前面的 was 可知此处用被

微诊断

1.时态错用 ①通过上下文中“动作的先后关系”判断是否有一般现在时与一般过 去时的错用。 ②根据and判断前后动词时态是否一致。 ③根据句中时间标志词如since then, last time等判断。 2.语态错用 ①系动词和不及物动词(短语)没有被动语态,却误被用作被动语态。 ②被动语态结构是否缺少be动词。

微学堂

涨分数
语法精讲 明重点难点

微点 1

时态公式和标志词

1.10种时态的数学公式 (1)一般现在时=经常性或习惯性动作,客观事实,现在的状态。 (2)一般过去时=在过去某个时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。 (3)一般将来时=在将来某一时刻要发生的动作或存在的状态。 (4) 过去将来时=在过去某一时刻看来将要发生的动作或存在的状 态。 (5)现在进行时=现在或现阶段正在发生的动作。 (6)过去进行时=在过去某一时间内正在进行的动作。 (7)将来进行时=将来某一时间正在进行的动作。 (8)现在完成时=过去已发生或完成的动作或状态,对现在造成影响 和结果,也可表示持续到现在的动作或状态。

(9) 过去完成时=在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动

作,即“过去的过去”。
(10)现在完成进行时=从过去开始一直延续到现在的动作反复发生。

2.题干中常出现的标志词或时间状语有:
(1)一般现在时:sometimes, now and then, often, every day/week, on Sundays等。

(2)一般过去时:yesterday, last week, three years ago, the other day(几
天前), the day before yesterday, once upon a time, in 1990等。 (3)一般将来时:next week, tomorrow, in a week, in the future, later on, the day after tomorrow等。 (4)现在进行时:look, now, at present, at this moment, these days等。 (5)过去进行时:then, at that time, those days等。 (6) 将 来 进 行 时 : at this time tomorrow, the day after from ...to ...tomorrow等。 tomorrow,

(7)现在完成时:lately, recently, so far, yet, ever since, by
to/until now, since then, in the last/past few days/years等。

now, up

(8)过去完成时:by then, by that time, until then, by the end of 2012,

before 1999, “by the time+句子”等。
(9)将来完成时:“by+将来的某个时间”, when/before引导的时间 状语从句。

(10)现在完成进行时:all this morning, these few days, all night, this
month, recently等。

微点 2

9 种句型的时态

英语中的一些固定句式的时态常常很固定,如果题干中出现这种句 式,注意根据规则选用需要的时态。 1.It is the first/second/...time that sb.have/has done ... 2.It was the first/second/...time that sb.had done ...

3.It is/has been+时间段+since sb.did ...
4.It/This is the best/most interesting ...+名词+sb./sth.have/has done ... 5.Sb.had just done sth.when ...did ...

6.Sb.was/were doing sth.when ...did ...
7.It's high time that sb.did ...

8.Hardly/No sooner had sb.done sth.when/than sb.did ... 9.在“祈使句+and/or+陈述句”结构中,陈述句的谓语动词为will do。 10.时间或条件状语从句的“主将从现”原则: 如果主句是一般将来时,那么在由when, before, until, if, as soon as等 引导的表示将来的时间状语从句或条件状语从句中,常用一般现在时代替

一般将来时;若主句为一般过去时,则从句也用相应的过去时态。
(2015·安徽卷)If you come to visit China, you will experience a culture of amazing depth and variety.

如果你来中国参观,你就会体验有惊人深度且多元化的文化。

微点 3

语态

1.被动语态的构成为“be+过去分词”,只要变换be的形式就可以得到不 同时态的被动语态,除be外被动语态的构成形式还有:get/become+过去分词。 2.只有及物动词或相当于及物动词的短语才有被动语态,不及物动词或短 语无被动语态。常考的不及物动词或短语:last, cost, spread, happen (to), take place, belong to, break out, go out, run out, work out。 3.主动形式表示被动含义

(1)表示感受、感官的系动词如feel, sound, taste, look等,后面跟形容词、名词
构成系表结构,常常以主动形式表示被动意义。 (2)当sell, read, draw, wash, write, open, wear, run, burn等不及物动词后带状语 (well/easily等)修饰,用来表示主语内在的品质或性能时用主动形式表示被动含义。

①(安徽卷)While waiting for the opportunity to get promoted, Henry did his best to perform his duty.

在等待机会被提拔期间,亨利尽量履行好自己的职责。
②Food supplies in the flood-stricken area are running out. We must act immediately before there's none left. 洪水灾区的食品即将用完,我们必须在他们用完之前采取措施。 ③— What about the books? — Books of this kind sell well. ——这些书怎么样? ——这种书很畅销。

微考场

新演练
好题巧练 拿高考满分

Ⅰ.单句训练 1.(2015·重庆卷)—Is Peter coming? changed (change) his mind after a phone call at the last minute. —No, he ________ 解析:此处讲述的是发生在过去的事情,应用一般过去时。 was chosen 2 . (2015· 福建卷 )To my delight, I _______________ (choose) from hundreds of applicants to attend the opening ceremony. 解析: 句意:令我高兴的是,我从数百名候选人中被选中参加开幕

式。根据句意可知,主语I和choose之间存在被动关系,所以用被动语态,
根据句首的to my delight可知,此处表示过去的事实,所以用一般过去时。

asked 3.(2015·湖南卷)I wasn't able to hide my eagerness when I ________ (ask), “What do you wish me to do now?\”
解析:句意:当我问“你希望我现在干什么?”时,我无法隐藏我的 渴望。主句是一般过去时,从句也用一般过去时。 4.(2015·安徽卷)Just as I got to the school gate, I realized I ________ had left (leave) my book in the cafe. 解析: “到达”学校门口和“意识到”都用一般过去时态,而“书 丢在咖啡店”发生在这两个动作之前,因此用过去完成时态。句意:我到 校门口时意识到把书落在了咖啡馆。 will be built 5.(2015·安徽卷)It is reported that a space station _______________ (build) on the moon in years to come. 解析: 本句时间状语为 in years to come ,表示将来;并且 a space station和build之间是被动关系,因此用一般将来时的被动语态。

6.(2015·北京卷)—Did you have difficulty finding Ann's house?
had given —Not really. She _____________ (give) us clear directions and we were able to find it easily.

解析:句意:——你找到安的家费了很大劲儿吗?——没有。她给了我
们非常清楚的指示,我们很容易就能找到她家。根据语境可知,“给出指 示 ” 发生在 “ 找到她家 ” 之前,所以用过去完成时,表示 “ 过去的过

去”。
has been working (work) really hard on his 7.(2015·陕西卷)Marty __________________ book and he thinks he'll have finished it by Friday.

解析:从“he'll have finished it by Friday”判断,他一直在写这本书,
而且现在仍然在写,所以用现在完成进行时。句意:马蒂一直在很刻苦地 从事这本书的写作,他觉得到周五他就能完成了。

8.(2015·天津卷)Jane can't attend the meeting at 3 o'clock this afternoon
will be teaching (teach) a class at that time. because she __________________ 解析:句意:简不能参加今天下午三点的会议了,因为那个时候她将

正在上课。根据句意可知,“今天下午三点”是一个将来的时间,表示将
来某一时刻正在做某事,因此用将来进行时。 9.(2015·天津卷)Despite the previous rounds of talks, no agreement has been reached _____________________ (reach) so far by the two sides. 解析:句意:尽管之前有好几轮的会谈,但是迄今为止双方仍然没有 达成协议。根据时间状语so far可知,此处用现在完成时。

10.I found the lecture hard to follow because it _____________ had started (start)

when I arrived.
解析:句意:我觉得我听不懂这个讲座,因为我来的时候它已经开始 了。根据语境可知, start动作发生在 arrived 之前,是 “过去的过去 ”,故

用过去完成时态。
would buy 11.They made up their mind that they _____________ (buy) a new house once Larry changed jobs. 解析:句意:他们决定一旦拉里换了工作,他们就买一所新房子。根 据句意可知buy这个动作应在made up their mind之后,故应用过去将来时。

12.During his stay in Xi'an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his

friends ____________________ had recommended (recommend).
解析: 句意:在西安期间,杰瑞尝遍了他朋友推荐的所有的当地食 品。定语从句中的谓语动作“推荐”发生在主句谓语动作“品尝”之前,

也就是“过去的过去”,故用过去完成时。
buy 13.Whenever you ________ (buy) a present, you should think about it from the receiver's point of view. 解析:句意:无论何时,你买礼物的话,都应该从接受者的角度来考 虑它。根据句意可知,此处指一般的客观情况,所以用一般现在时。

was phoning (phone) someone, so I nodded to her and went 14.She ______________
away.

解析:句意:她当时正在给别人打电话,因此我朝她点了一下头就走
开了。根据句意可知,此处表示“当时她正在打电话”,所以用过去进行 时。判断句子的时态要根据句子的语境。根据下文的“I nodded to her and

went away” 可知是过去的动作,而且并未跟她说话,可推知她正在打电
话。 15 . We won't start the work until all the preparations

are made/have been made (make). _______________________ 解析:句意:直到所有的准备工作都做好了我们才开始工作。主句中 用将来时,until从句中用一般现在时或现在完成时。

Ⅱ.语法填空 (2014·广东卷语法填空改编)

Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my
friends who had been there before said destination. Before we went, we it ____ was a wonderful holiday had planned (plan) for months. When the ____________

day came, we were ready. landed (land), we went to the hotel. We had made After our plane __________
our reservation six months earlier, but the man at the front desk said there had

been a mistake. We

_______________ (tell) that our rooms hadn't been were told

reserved for that week, but for the week after. I didn't understand why this would happen and my credit card had already been charged for the reservation.

What's

worse,

the

hotel

had

been

fully

booked.

When

we

were wondering ___________________ (wonder) what to do, the manager came out. She was surprisingly apologized ________________ (surprise) helpful. She ______________ (apology) for the the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on ________ top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren't charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach ________ we watched some people play where sunburned/sunburnt volleyball. We got a little _____________________ (sunburn), but the day had been so relaxing that we didn't mind.

解析:
本文是讲作者和其弟弟去 Miami(迈阿密)旅游,当到达目的地后,来 到六个月前订的宾馆,却意外被告知订的房间是下个星期的,且该宾馆房

间已订满。正当不知如何办时,经理出来了,将他们安排在留出来的 VIP
房间,且不另外收他们的钱,这真是个意外的收获。 1.考查代词的用法。指代Miami,故用it。

4.考查被动语态。句子是过去时,且含义是“我们被告知”,故用
被动形式。 6.考查副词。修饰形容词helpful,用副词。 8.考查定冠词的用法。特指最高层。

9 .考查定语从句的关系词。关系词在句中作地点状语,先行词是 beach,故用where。 10.考查非谓语动词。句意是“我们有一点被晒伤了”,用表示被动 的非谓语动词——过去分词。故用sunburned/sunburnt。


相关文章:
2017届高三英语一轮复习导学案:动词时态和语态常考点
2017届高三英语一轮复习导学案:动词时态和语态考点_英语_高中教育_教育专区。...3 高三语法 2016、9 2).表示在说话时刻之前刚刚结束的动作。 3). 用来强调...
2017高三一轮语法复习--时态语态
2017高三一轮语法复习--时态语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2017一轮复习--时态语态 2017 高三一轮复习---动词时态和语态 动词时态和语态高考中的考查重点: ?...
高三一轮复习 时态和语态
高三一轮复习 时态和语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。...3. 一般将来时 “shall/ will+动词原形” 表示...Ⅰ 单句语法填空 1. (2015· 全国卷Ⅱ语法填空)...
【步步高】2017版高考英语一轮复习 语法专题 第一部分 词法篇-动词 专题1 动词的时态和语态素材 外研版
【步步高】2017高考英语一轮复习 语法专题 第一部分 词法篇-动词 专题1 动词的时态和语态素材 外研版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题 1 动词的时态和语态素 ...
2015届(人教版)高考英语一轮复习:语法专项提升——时态和语态
2015(人教版)高考英语一轮复习:语法专项提升——时态和语态_英语_高中教育_教育...3.“be about to+动词原形”表示打算或根据安排即将发生的动作。 它不与表示...
广东省天河区届高考英语二轮复习语法精讲精炼动词时态和语态3-课件
广东省天河区届高考英语轮复习语法精讲精炼动词时态和语态3-课件_高考_高中...A. saw 【答案】C 【考点】本题考察动词的时态。 【解析】 从前一分句为...
江西省兴国县第三中学2016届高三英语一轮复习 语法专练(五)动词的时态和语态
江西省兴国县第三中学2016届高三英语一轮复习 语法专练(五)动词的时态和语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。兴国三中高三英语语法专项训练(五) 动词的时态和语态 1. ...
2016届高考英语一轮复习 语法专题训练部分 专题7 动词的时态和语态 03综合演练
2016届高考英语一轮复习 语法专题训练部分 专题7 动词的时态和语态 03综合演练_英语_高中教育_教育专区。综合演练 (一) (用所给动词的适当形式填空) My best ...
高考英语一轮复习《动词的时态和语态》练习 新人教版
高考英语一轮复习动词的时态和语态》练习 新人教版_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。动词的时态和语态练习题 1 . The twins, who their homework, were ...
更多相关标签: