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高中阅读理解


ANALYZE 健康篇【专题介绍】 21 世纪是一个大健康时代,人类将追求心理、生理、社会、环境的完全健康。健康已成为 和谐世界的新潮流。在此背景下,近年来的高考英语阅读理解的选材也越来越人性化,开始 注重对人类问题的深层次思考和把握。 对健康问题的探讨理所当然成为高考英语阅读理解的 一个热点题材。近年来,高考英语阅读理解中出现的有关健康的话题主要有: 1. 健康知识的话题,如 2007 安徽卷的 A 篇讲的是儿童肥胖的原因;2008 北京卷的 E 篇是 关于减肥的话题; 2008 浙江卷的C篇和 2008 湖北卷的 D 篇讲的是休息和睡眠对健康的益处; 2. 预防心理疾病,增进心理健康的话题,如 2007 四川卷的 B 篇讲的是态度对一个人身体健 康的影响作用; 3. 常见疾病介绍,如 2007 广东卷的 C 篇介绍了疟疾这种疾病 The Diet Zone: A Dangerous Place Diet Coke, diet Pepsi, diet pills, no-fat diet, vegetable diet .... We are surrounded by the word “diet” everywhere we look and listen. We have so easily been attracted by the promise and potential of diet products that we have stopped thinking about what diet products are doing to us. We are paying for products that harm us psychologically and physically(身体上). Diet products significantly weaken us psychologically. On one level, we are not allowing our brains to admit that our weight problems lie not in actually losing the weight, but in controlling the consumption of fatty, high-calorie, unhealthy foods. Diet products allow us to jump over the thinking stage and go straight for the scale (秤) instead. All we have to do is to swallow or recognize the word “diet” in food labels. On another level, diet products have greater psychological effects. Every time we have a zero-calorie drink, we are telling ourselves without our awareness that we don’t have to work to get results. Diet products make people believe that gain comes without pain, and that life can be without resistance and struggle. The danger of diet products lies not only in the psychological effects they have on us, but also in the physical harm that they cause. Diet foods can indirectly harm our bodies because consuming them instead of healthy foods means we are preventing our bodies from having basic nutrients (营 养成分). Diet foods and diet pills contain zero calorie only because the diet industry has created chemicals to produce these wonder products. Diet products may not be nutritional, and the chemicals that go into diet products are potentially dangerous. Now that we are aware of the effects that diet products have on us, it is time to seriously think about buying them. Losing weight lies in the power of minds, not in the power of chemicals. Once we realize this, we will be much better able to resist diet products, and therefore prevent the psychological and physical harm that comes from using them. 1. From Paragraph 1, we learn that ______. A. diet products fail to bring out people’s potential B. people have difficulty in choosing diet products C. diet products are misleading people D. people are fed up with diet products 2. One psychological effect of diet products is that people tend to ______. A. try out a variety of diet foods B. hesitate before they enjoy diet foods C. pay attention to their own eating habits D. watch their weight rather than their diet 3. In Paragraph 3, “gain comes without pain” probably means ______. A. losing weight is effortless B. it costs a lot to lose weight C. diet products bring no pain D. diet products are free from calories

4. Diet products indirectly harm people physically because such products ______. A. are over-consumed B. lack basic nutrients C. are short of chemicals D. provide too much energy 【阅读赏析】 本文体裁是议论文,其结构路线图如下: 开头部分(第一段)开门见山提出论点 → 论证部分:第一部分(第二、三段)讨论减肥 产品对消费者的心理影响,论述方法也是花开两朵,各表一枝,每段各谈心理影响的一个方 面;第二部分(第四段)叙述减肥产品对消费者的生理危害 → 最后一段归纳总结提出要消 除错误认识,树立正确观念。 本文一共五段,设题五道,设题布局均匀合理。根据上述结构图,我们不难得出最后一题 文章结构分析题的答案为 B。在考试中,建议大家先通读全文快速掌握文章大意,弄清文章 的篇章结构,然后分析段落大意,掌握各个段落的主题句以及细节信息,这样,就能避免对 文章的主旨大意和段意的理解偏差。这样的阅读方法尤其适用于本文。 【答案解析】 1. C。段意归纳题。此段中作者首先谈到一种现象—— 现在减肥产品铺天盖地,充斥着我 们的生活, 然后指出有关减肥产品的宣传对消费者造成了误导, 减肥产品对人们的心理和生 理都有危害。很明显,最后一句是本段的主题句。故选 C。 2. D。细节理解题。从本段中的 Diet products allow us to jump over the thinking stage and go straight for the scale (秤) instead 我们可以得知:减肥产品使得人们只关注体重上的变化 而不是饮食。故选 D。 3. A。此题表面上看是句意猜测题,实际上也是一个段意归纳题,因为理解了本段的主旨大 意, 这个题也就迎刃而解了。 本段告诉我们减肥产品对消费者的另一心理影响是使他们认为 减肥可以“不劳而获”,即通过减肥产品减肥不需要耗费体力,忍受痛苦。 4. B。 细节理解题。 第四段的第二句告诉我们服用减肥产品会导致人们基本营养成分的缺失, 说明这些减肥产品缺少营养成分。故选 B。
高二英语阅读理解与完形填空:生活与健康 A Do you ever wish you were as thin as a model or as strong as your favorite football player? Maybe you___1____ you were taller or just shaped(使成形) a little____2____.Those thoughts are a ____3___part of growing up. . But learning what you can and can't _ 4 aboutyciur body and appearance is 5 0f growing up,too.It can be 6 to accept-even

for teens andgrown-ups. 7 when people 8 the way theylook, they often feel happier. Some kids are 9 _ that they're not growing anddeveloping as fast as their friends. This can be a 10time in your life.It's 11 to

know that puberty(青春期) doesn't _12 at the same time for everykid. And there aren't any magic medicines or rush it along. Eating healthy foods and being physically 14can make all Hds feel better about their bodies. Why? 15 your body working just the wayit should.

13exercises that can

Because eating a healthy diet will help you feelenergized and Watching TV and playing computer games

16be fun, but it doesn't do much for your body

17your body stays still. 19 your muscles. When

But when you 18 your body-by playing,dancing, participating in sports, or even cleaning yourroom-you you exercise amuscle, it gets stronger.And when you have strongmuscles, you can d0 *原创试题 1. A. hope 2. A. simply 3. A. natural 4. A. decide 5. A. role B. wishC. expect B. pleasantlyC. correctly B. strangeC. unique B. changeC. concem B. planC. part D. want D. differently D. special D. affect D. result 20

you want to do.

6. A. easy 7. A. And 8. A. accept 9. A. excited 10. A. boring 11. A. possible 12. A appear 13. A. special 14. A.patient C. stable 15. A. helps 16. A. can 17. A if 18. A. move 19. A. grow 20. A. however

B. hardC. necessary ' B. SoC. Or B. knowC. realize B. frustratedC. surprised B. movingC. confusing B. usefulC. difficult B. developC. leave B. normalC. light B.active D. positive B. makesC. keeps B. mustC. need B. becauseC. though B. shakeC. push B. increaseC. raise B. whicheverC. whatever

D. funny D. But D. understand D. satisfied D. interesting D. important D. happen D. heavy

D. allows D. will D. while D. press D. exercise D. whenever


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