一. new words.
（1）Add 及物动词 vt. 1.添加;增加(+to) The fire is going out; will you add some wood? That is adding fuel to the fire. 2.将...
相加(+up/together) If we add these marks up, we'll get a total of 90. 3.补充说[+that] "I felt sorry for her," Bob added. "我为她感到惋惜,"鲍勃又说道。 不及物动词 vi. 1.增加(+to) The snowstorm added to our difficulties. 暴风雪增加了我们的困难。 2.做加法;加起来 The little girl has begun to learn to add and subtract. 这小女孩已在学做加减法了。 add up to 合计为；意味着 The bills add up to exactly $100. 这些帐单加起来正好一百元。 Your long answer just adds up to a refusal （2）Upset 及物动词 vt. 1.打乱,搅乱 Rain upset our plans for a picnic. 下雨打乱了我们的野餐计划。 2.使心烦意乱 Losing the necklace borrowed from her friend upset her completely. 3.使(肠胃)不适 The food upsets my stomach. 形容词 adj. 1. 心烦的,苦恼的(+about/at/over) He was upset over her illness. 他为她的病而忧心忡忡。 2. 不适的 I'm suffering from an upset stomach. 我的肠胃正不舒服着呢。 （3） ．Ignore vt. 忽视；不理睬 I can’t ignore his rudeness any longer. I said hello to her, but she ignored me completely. （4） ．Calm vt &vi (使)镇定下来;（使）平静下来 e.g. Calm down, sir. What's the trouble? 冷静点,先生。出了什么事? e.g. The sea calmed down. e.g. They calmed the old lady down. adj. 平静的, 冷静的 e.g. You should keep calm even in face of danger. （5） ．Have got to (= have to )不得不，必须 e.g. Jim broke away from his friends, saying "I have got to hit the books." （6） ．Concern 及物动词 vt. 1.涉及,关系到;影响到 The news concerns your brother. 这消息与你兄弟有关。 2.使担心;使不安 (+about/for) The boy's poor health concerned his parents. 那男孩健康状况不佳,使他的父母亲忧虑。 He is concerned for her safety. 他担心她的安全。
3.使关心(+about/with) He was very concerned about her. ( be concerned about 关心，挂念) 他对她非常关心。 名词 n. 1.关心的事,重要的事[C] That's no concern of mine. 那不关我的事。 2.担心,挂念;关怀[U][C](+about/for) Andrew expressed his concern. 安德鲁表示了他的关切。 as (so) far as... be concerned 关于；至于；就...而言 （7） ．Walk 及物动词 vt. 1.走过,走遍;沿...走 I heard him walking the floor. 我听见他在地板上踱步。 2.陪...走;帮助(某人)走 The mother walked the child out of the room. 母亲带着孩子走出了房间。 3.遛(狗等) 4.推着...走;挪动 He walked his bike up the hill. 他推着自行车上山。 （8） ．loose adj. 松的，不紧的(反 tight) e.g. a loose shirt 松开的，未拴住的 e.g. The dog is loose in the garden. 二．Warming up 1. You want to see a very interesting film……your friend can’t go until he/she finishes cleaning his/her bicycle. want 用法:①（主观上）想要，希望 want to do sth want sth want sb to do sth want sth (to be ) done 要（别人）把某事做了 e.g. I want the letter (to be) posted at once. ②（客观上）需要，有必要 want doing = want to be done e.g. The room wants cleaning = The room wants to be cleaned. e.g. Your hair wants cutting ③wanted 招聘（广告用语） ；被通缉的；e.g. Wanted ：a driver ~ e.g. He is wanted by the police. ④需要：需要?的出现或帮助： e.g. You are wanted by your office. e.g. You are wanted on the phone. until prep & conj 直到……为止 ①由于其意思是“到……为止” ，表示一段时间，所以由它形成的介词短语或者从句作时间状语时，句子（或主 句） 的位于必须是持续性动词， 或者是非持续性动词的否定式 （非持续性动词一旦被否定就成为状态， 便可持续） ： e.g. I'll wait until he arrives and then I'll leave. 我要等他来以后再离开。 e.g. The teacher kept on asking the students questions until the bell rang. 老师反复向学生提问，直到下课铃响。 e.g. He did not go until night. 他直到夜里才走。 e.g. I shan't do that until you come back. 在你回来之前，我不会干那件事。 ②until/till 作连词引导时间状语从句，该从句谓语不能直接用将来时，而要用现在时表示将来意义： e.g. Let’s wait until he comes back. e.g. Until he returns nothing can be done. ③not until 位于句首，其后主句用倒装语序： e.g. Not until the rain stopped did he leave the room. e.g. Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted.
2. Help your friend clean the bicycle so you can leave early. （此处 so 相当于 so that） So that ① 为了， 以便（可引导目的状语从句， 句中多有情态动词， 如 can/could may/might will/would 等。 e.g. I am going to the lecture early so that I will get a good seat. ②因此，以致 （可引导结果状语从句，句中一般没有情态动词） e.g. I went to the lecture early so that I got a good seat. ③so ……that…… 如此……以致….. e.g. He had so many falls that he was black and blue all over. e.g. So fast does light travel that we can hardly imagine its speed. 3.plan to go another time . ① Another time 下一次，改时间 ，相当于 some other time e.g. another day = some other day ② another 3 days = 3 more days 再三天 ③试体会下面句子的用法特点： Another 5 days , and I will do the task/job better. 4…….you had to pay to get it repaired. Get ① get sb to do sth 使…..做….. e.g. You must get them to come over here. ② get ……doing 使…..（开始）起来或处于某种状态 e.g. Can you get the clock going again? e.g. What he said got us thinking. ③ get ……done 表示被动关系 e.g. Go and get your hair cut. e.g. You must get your work done by Friday. e.g. He got his watch stolen. ④get……+ adj 使….变成某种状态 e.g. Have you got supper ready? e.g. The baby got his clothes wet. ⑤get done 可作系表结构；还可表被动语态，除表示较强的动作意味外，还往往表示一种突发的偶然事件： e.g. He got killed when crossing the road. e.g. How did the window get broken? e.g. get paid 5. tell him to look at someone else’s paper. Else [常接于疑问代词或不定代词之后]另外的, 其他的, 别的 somebody else 另外一个人, 别人 somebody else's cup 别人的杯子 Who else's? (= Whose else ?) 另外什么人的呢? Who else’s fault could it be ? 这会是其他什么人的错误吗？ What else did she say? 她还说了些什么? Little else remains to be done. 没有剩下什么事情要做的了。 Would you like anything else to drink?你还要喝点别的什么吗? adv. [常接于疑问副词之后]另外, 其他 I can't come on Tuesday. When else can we meet? 星期二我不能来。我们能在其他什么时候碰头呢? Yesterday, we went to the department store and nowhere else. 昨天我们到百货公司去了, 其他什么地方也没去。 6. tell him that he should have studied ,so you don’t let him look at your paper. Should have done 本应该做而没有做
三．课堂小测 1. The boy worked out the problem quickly and gave his answer proudly ,______ that he surely knew five ____ six was eleven. A adding , added with B adding ; added to C added ; adding with D added ; adding to 2.Many words and phrases have been ______ this newly revised edition of the dictionary. A. added up to B.added to C.added up D.added in 3.We ______ last night, but we went to the concert instead. A.must have studied B.might study C.should have studied D.would study 4.You'd better not leave the medicine ______ kids can get it. A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 5. Listen and watch closely ______we may find something in it A. even if B. which C. where D. so that 6. 一 Is there anything ______I can do for you? 一 No，thank you. thanks for all your help. A. else B. else’s C. other D. other ’s 7. It is important to keep ______ in danger. A .quiet B.calm C.silent D. still 8.The bill__________________$1000. A.adds B.adds up C.adds up to D.adds to 9. You _____ come to his office. Our boss won’t be back until next week. A.haven’t to B.won’t have got to C.haven’t got to D. don’t have got to 10. 5.He fell asleep while___________ his homework. A.did B.do C.doing D.does 11. We started early__________get there before noon. A.in order that B.because C.so that D.in order to 12. ______ it rains tomorrow, we’ll start out. A. If B. As if C. Even if D. Even